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Nissan Safari
2010 Nissan Patrol
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Ford Maverick
Nissan Patrol
Production 1951–present
Assembly Kyushu,Japan(Nissan Shatai Plant)
Class Off-road vehicle (1951–present)
Full-size SUV (1960-present)
Layout Front-engined, four-wheel drive

The Nissan Safari is a four-wheel drive vehicle manufactured by Nissan in Japan since 1980. Outside of Japan, it is known as the Nissan Patrol—a name carried over from the Safari's predecessor. The car is available in Australasia, Central and South America, South Africa, parts of Southeast Asia and Western Europe as well as Iran and the Middle East. The Safari has been available as either a short-wheelbase (SWB) three-door or a long-wheelbase (LWB) five-door chassis. The LWB version has also been offered in utility and cab chassis variants alongside the wagon. Between 1988 and 1994, Ford of Australia marketed the Safari-based Patrol as the Ford Maverick. The Maverick was available alongside the Nissan-branded Patrol. Also, in some European countries the Safari was for a short while marketed as Ebro Patrol. The Patrol was always regarded as a tough 4X4 in Australia, Middle East, Europe an the Caribbean. Its strong hold is the Middle East, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and other European Countries. Its major competitor is the Toyota Land Cruiser, Land Rover Discovery, Mitsubishi Pajero.

The second generation Y60 (GQ) platform is still manufactured as a military vehicle in the countries of Asia and the Middle East, and various versions of the Patrol are widely used by United Nations agencies. These Y60 models are produced alongside the current Y61.

Contents

First generation (4W60, 4W70; 1951-1960)

Nissan Patrol
2010 Nissan Patrol
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Nissan Safari
Production 1951-1960
Assembly Kyushu,Japan(Nissan Shatai Plant)
Class Mid-size Jeep,Pickup
Body style(s) 3-door Jeep,2-door Pickup,fire truck
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 4.0 Petrol,P40,NC,NBK,NAK
Transmission(s) 4-speed(Manual transmission)
Series Body styles Engines (gasoline)
4W60 series
(Later named Nissan Patrol)
SWB: soft top (4W60, 61,65,66)
SWB: fire truck (F4W61,65,66)
NAK/NBK/NC/P
Carrier
4W70
Troop carrier, weapon carrier P/P40


Second generation (60 series; 1960-1980)

Nissan Patrol
2010 Nissan Patrol
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Nissan Safari
Production 1960–1980
Assembly Kyushu,Japan(Nissan Shatai Plant)
Class Mid-size Jeep,Pickup
Body style(s) 3-door Jeep,2-door Pickup,fire truck
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 4.0 Petrol,P40,
Transmission(s) 4-speed(Manual transmission)
Series Body styles Engines (gasoline)
60 series 60:SWB: soft top, hard top
G60:LWB:soft top station wagon, van
H60:Super LWB:station wagon, van, cab chassis
FH60:Super LWB:fire truck
P40

The soft-top Nissan Patrol 60 (two-door; 2200 mm wheelbase) and G60 (two-door; 2500 mm wheelbase) were first sold in Australia in 1960. Left-hand drive L60/GL60 models were sold outside of Australia. The 60 series gained attention as the first vehicle to drive across the Simpson Desert in Australia.In 60's the Patrol were brought in US until mid 70's.

The 4WD Nissan Patrol G60 was produced in short, medium and long wheel-base versions. It had a manual transmission type-F3B83L at first with 3 and latter with 4 speeds, 2 speed transfer case with part-time four wheel drive. The motor was a P40 engine with 3956cc (241.4cu in), inline overhead valve 6 cylinder, features bathtub shaped combustion chambers and fully balanced 7 bearing crank shaft. With 2 doors in front and 1 at back and 4 seats (driver, and companion in front, two parallel back seats) in the long wheel base version, the G60 could have an 8 passenger’s capacity. Other characteristics are: Wheelbase: 2.8m (9'2", 110") Load: 1000kg (2205lb) Bore: 85.7mm (3.374in) Stroke: 114.3mm (4.500in) Suspension: live-leaf/live-leaf Brakes: drum/drum Tyres: 7.50x16; Fuel tank 64L capacity

In 1963, the KG60 (and KGL60) hard-top models were introduced.

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The JONGA

In the 1960s, the Indian Army showed an interest in two vehicles from the Nissan stable, they were the Nissan Patrol P60 & the Nissan 4W73. The first production units were completed at Vehicle Factory Jabalpur (VFJ) around 1969. The name as per the Indian army records is Jonga, which is an acronym for Jabalpur Ordinance aNd Guncarriage Assembly. It was built at the newly commisioned Vehicle Factory Jabalpur alongside the Nissan 4W73. The first production units were completed at Vehicle Factory Jabalpur (VFJ) around 1969. VFJ was sanctioned in 1965 for the production of three non-fighting vehicles for the Indian military: the 3 ton Shaktiman truck from MAN (Germany), the 4W73 (1 ton Carrier) and quarter ton Nissan Patrol.

Interestingly, both the vehicles from Nissan stable were fitted with the same engines and lots of parts in common.

The Jonga was also briefly sold to civilian customers with a 4.0L Hino diesel engine in 1996, but the demand was low, mostly due to an uncompetitive price, as well as its unappealing looks. Less than two hundred units were sold in all.

Jonga served faithfully until the late 90s, when it was replaced by the lighter Mahindra & Mahindra MM550 jeeps. Many army auctioned pieces have also been scrapped by their subsequent civilian owners, or stretched and converted to people carriers in rural areas. The Jonga is now becoming a rarity.

Third generation (160, 1980–1985; 161, 1985–1987; cab chassis, 1990–1994)

Nissan Patrol
2010 Nissan Patrol
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Nissan Safari
Production 1980–1985(1986-1994 cab chassis)
Assembly Kyushu,Japan(Nissan Shatai Plant)]
Class Mid-size Jeep,Pickup
Body style(s) 5-door Jeep,2&4-door Pickup,fire truck
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 4.0 Petrol,2.8 Petrol,3.3 Diesel,3.3 Turbodiesel P40, L28/L28E, SD33
Transmission(s) 4-speed(Manual transmission)

Introduced in 1979, replacing 60 series.

Series Body styles Engines
(gasoline & Diesel)
160 series 160/161:SWB: soft top, hard top
G160/G161:LWB:station wagon, van, cab chassis
FG160/FG161:LWB:fire truck
P40/L28/L28E
SD33/


Fourth generation (260; 1986–1994)

Nissan Patrol
Nissan patrol
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Nissan Safari
Production 1986–1994
Assembly Kyushu,Japan(Nissan Shatai Plant)
Class Mid-size Jeep,Pickup
Body style(s) 5-door Jeep,2&4-door Pickup
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 4.0 Petrol,2.8 Petrol,2.8 Diesel, P40, L28, RD28T(MK only)
Transmission(s) 4-speed(Manual transmission)
Wheelbase (LWB)2970 mm,(SWB)2350 mm
Length (LWB)4690 mm,(SWB)4230 mm
Width (LWB)1689 mm,(SWB)1689 mm
Height (LWB)1980 mm,(SWB)1980 mm
Related Nissan Terrano

The 260 series was a Spanish built version of the 160 (Easily spotted by the rectangular headlamps) sold in Europe and was available in SWB / LWB and with L28, SD33 and RD28T engines. The SD engined version, at least in the UK market, had a 24 volt electrical system.



Fifth generation (Y60; 1987–1998)

Nissan Patrol
2010 Nissan Patrol
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Nissan Safari
Production 1987–1998
Assembly Kyushu,Japan(Nissan Shatai Plant)
Class Mid-size 4x4,Pickup
Body style(s) 5-door 4x4,2&4-door Pickup
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 3.0 Petrol,4.2 Petrol,4.2 Diesel,2.8 Diesel,RB30S,TB42E,TB42S,TD42,RD28T
Transmission(s) 5-speed,4-speed (Automatic transmission,Manual transmission)
Wheelbase (LWB)2970 mm,(SWB)2400 mm
Length (LWB)4845 mm,(SWB)4285 mm
Width (LWB)1930 mm,(SWB)1930 mm
Height (LWB)1815mm mm,(SWB) 1810 mm
Related Nissan Pathfinder


The Y60 was radically different mechanically from its predecessors as it now had coil spring suspension, the rear axle being on a 5 link setup. Most models had a rear Limited slip differential and some variants had vacuum operated manual rear differential lock. The model now had rear disc brakes and some Y60s even had a PTO-driven front mounted winch.

From 1988 to 1994, Ford Australia rebadged the Y60 (GQ) Patrol, as the Ford Maverick. This was a result of the Button car plan devised by the Government of Australia.



Sixth generation (Y61; 1997–...)

Nissan Patrol
2010 Nissan Patrol
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Nissan Safari
Production 1997-present
Assembly Kyushu,Japan(Nissan Shatai Plant)
Class Full-size SUV,Pickup
Body style(s) 5-door SUV,2 & 4-door Pickup
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 4.8 Petrol,4.5 Petrol,4.2 Diesel,3.0 Diesel,TB48DE,TB45E,TD42,ZD30DDTi
Transmission(s) 5-speed,4-speed (Automatic transmission,Manual transmission)
Wheelbase 2,970 mm
Length 5080 mm
Width 1,940 mm
Height 1,855 mm
Related Nissan Pathfinder


Y61 (GU) models first appeared in 1997, available in 4.5L petrol and 2.8L Turbo Diesel, 3.0L Turbo Diesel, 4.2L diesel, 4.2L Turbo Diesel, 4.2L Turbo Diesel Intercooler variants. In 2002 a new petrol engine was added. A 4.8L inline 6 with new DOHC system, and made 280Hp and over 46 kg-m.

This engine is very famous and popular among UAE tuners, where it could be easily modified and upgraded to levels where it could beat some supercars produced by Lamborghini, Ferrari and other supercar producers. In one occasion a TB48DE engine was fully modified and was able to reach 2000+hp for the sand hills challenges.

In 2004 a significant facelift model was released. In 2008 Nissan stopped selling the Safari in Japan due to poor sales. Nissan also makes a pick up version of the Y61 series with 2&4 door variations. Although a new model has been launched this Y61 series will still sell for offroad enthusiast but only with few options as a basic trim.

Seventh generation (P61; 2010–)

Nissan Patrol
2010 Nissan Patrol
Manufacturer Nissan
Production 2010-Present
Assembly Kyushu,Japan(Nissan Shatai Plant)
Class Full-size SUV
Body style(s) 5-door SUV
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform TBA
Engine(s) 5.6L V8 32-valve VVEL(VK56VD)
Transmission(s) 7-speed automatic
Wheelbase TBA
Length 5140mm (202.4 inches)
Width 1995mm (78.5 inches)
Height 1940mm (76.4 inches)
Curb weight 2785kg
Related (2011)Infiniti QX56

The all-new 2010 Nissan Patrol known as the Safari in some markets was launched on February 13th, at a VIP event in the Middle east. It shares the new Infiniti QX56 platform. The 2010 Nissan Patrol is powered by VK56VD (5.6-litre) V8 with a 400 hp an 560 Nm, with features such as “VVEL” Variable Valve Event and Lift and “DIG” Gasoline direct injection, and mated to a 7-speed automatic. A variable 4×4 Mode package allows switching between four drive modes: sand, on-road, rock and snow, with the flick of a switch. And a “Hydraulic Body Motion Control System” system is available, seemingly a fancy term for four-wheel independent air suspension. Also available are an electronic locking rear differential, hill start and hill descent control, as well as lane-departure warning, automatic braking and stability control. It is expected to launch in the US this year, Australia and the rest of the world next year. It will have V6 and V8 turbo diesel engines and a V6 petrol engine. The Nissan Patrol is offered in three different levels of trim an six different models in the Middle east:

  • LE
  • SE
  • CITY PACKAGE

New Technologies,Features an Safety.

  • Intelligent Key- A sensor is triggered when the remote is brought near the vehicle, allowing the user to open it with the touch of a knob.
  • Push Start- Start/Stop push button for ignition; a key is not required.
  • Curtain Vent-Curtain vent has several small but highly effective vents mounted in the ceiling above each side window to blow a strong current of cool air down forming a curtain of air that acts as a barrier to heat penetrating the cabin.
  • TPMS-The new model employs a revised Tyre Pressure Monitor System (TPMS) with tyre inflation indicator which beeps the horn softly to inform drivers that a suitable tyre pressure has been reached.
  • ALL MODE 4x4 system Four-wheel drive-Allows the driver to quickly switch between four drive modes: sand, on-road, snow and rock, with the flick of a switch. In sand mode, owners are able to drive safely, quickly and skillfully in sand and dirt, just like professional rally drivers.
  • Hydraulic Body Motion Control System-More stability. More control. More confidence. In a world-first for Nissan, the new Patrol employs HBMC with 4-wheel independent suspension.
  • Intelligent Cruise Control(Cruise control)-Slows your vehicle to maintain the desired distance between you and slow traffic, and re-accelerates to your pre-set speed and distance as the traffic flow picks up. Distance Control Assist. Helps the driver release the throttle and applies brakes as needed in slowing traffic.
  • Around View Monitor-When a Patrol journey comes to an end, much against your wish, the 4 cameras of the AVM come alive to help you park the vehicle even in the tightest of spots.
  • 9.3 GB Music Box Hard Drive-Enjoy your personal music library. With the category’s first “Music Box”, you can record close to 2,900 songs up to 9.3 GB storage. Connects to iPod®, USB flash drive and other compatible device.
  • Hill Start Assist & Hill Descent Control system-Sail through the ups & downs. The advanced system assists you in both climbing and descending from a slope by controlling the brakes and adjusting the vehicle speed.
  • Locking differential-Take ‘getting stuck’ out of the itinerary. The available electronic locking rear differential allows you to pull out of mud or loose sand easily by distributing torque evenly to the rear wheels.
  • (LDWS)lane departure warning system-The system helps avoid unintended lane departure. LDW warns the driver with an alarm and an indicator to brake. LDP assists the driver to bring the vehicle back to the lane by applying the brake.
  • Intelligent Brake Assist. -If the driver doesn’t respond to the warning, and a collision cannot be avoided, IBA automatically engages the brakes to help reduce collision speed and impact, mitigating the consequences of the accident.
  • Vehicle Dynamic Control(Electronic stability control)-Combines with Traction Control System and Brake LSD (Limited Slip Differential) functions to automatically prevent the Patrol from sliding sideways on slippery road surfaces when changing lanes or negotiating a curve.

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References



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