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Renault Clio
Renault Clio II Phase II 3-Door
Manufacturer Renault
Also called Renault Lutecia
Production 1990–present
Predecessor Renault 5
Class Supermini
Layout FF layout

The Renault Clio is a supermini car produced by the French automobile manufacturer Renault. Originally launched in 1990, it is currently in its third generation. The Clio has seen substantial critical and commercial success[citation needed], being consistently one of Europe's top-selling cars since its launch[citation needed], and it is largely credited with restoring Renault's reputation and stature after a difficult second half of the 1980s.

The Clio has been sold as the Renault Lutecia in Japan, as Honda owns the right to the name Clio (being one of Honda's sales networks in Japan). A four-door saloon was developed for certain markets where sedans are traditionally preferred over hatchbacks and is sold under names Renault Clio Classic, Renault Clio Symbol, Renault Symbol, Renault Clio Sedan, Renault Clio Tricorps, and Renault Thalia. It is also sold under the Nissan nameplate in some Latin American markets as the Nissan Platina with slight changes in the front of the car to make it resemble the Nissan Altima.

Contents

Clio I (1990-1997)

First generation - Clio I
Renault Clio I Phase I Dreitürer 1.2 RN.JPG
Manufacturer Renault
Production 1990–1997
Assembly Delhi, India
Strasbourg, France
Beijing, China
Bursa, Turkey,
Envigado, Colombia
Body style(s) 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
Engine(s) 1.2 L C-Type I4
1.2 L D-Type I4
1.2 L E-Type I4
1.4 L E-Type I4
1.7 L F-Type I4
1.8 L I4
1.9 L F-Type diesel I4
2.0 L I4

The Clio was introduced at the Paris Motor Show in June 1990 and sales in France and the rest of the continent began then, although sales in Britain did not begin until March 1991. The Clio largely replaced the Renault 5 (which continued to be built in lower volumes until 1996 in Slovenia as a budget alternative). The engine range available at launch included 1.2 L and 1.4 L E-type "Energy" petrol I4 engines (first seen in the R19) and 1.7 L and a 1.9 L diesel (both based on the F-type unit) engines. The petrol engines all received an electronic fuel injection system in place of carburettors in 1992, in order to conform to new pollutant emission regulations.

A minor trim facelift occurred after only a year of being on sale. A new "smooth" version of the Renault diamond badge (the previous "ribbed" badge was being phased out at the time) and a new front seat design were the only changes. The altered design did not constitute a new "phase". In March 1993, the Phase 2 model was launched, with small updates to the exterior and interior of the Clio. Most noticeable was the change in the front grille from two metal ribs to a single colour-coded slat grille. The bump strips were made slightly larger and rounder, and the car's trim level badge was incorporated into the bump strips. The badges on the tailgate strip were moved up onto the tailgate itself and the tailgate strip was given a carbon fibre look. The rear light clusters were given a slightly more rounded bubble shape to them, giving the Clio a more modern look. The clusters, however, are physically interchangeable with Phase 1 clusters.

In 1995, with the arrival of the Phase 3 facelifted Clio, the 1.2 L Energy engine was replaced by the 1149 cc D7F MPi (Multi Point Injection) DiET engine, first used in the Renault Twingo; for some time also, versions were available with the older 1239 cc "Cléon" unit from the original Twingo. The cylinder head design on the 1.4 L E-Type was also slightly altered for the Phase 3 models in a bid for better fuel economy. This resulted in the engines producing slightly less power than their earlier versions.

The Phase 3 Clios had a slightly more noticeable update than the Phase 2's. The Phase 3 has different, more rounded headlights, incorporating the turn signal in the unit with the headlight. The bonnet curved more around the edges of the lights. The tailgate incorporated a third brake light and a new script "Clio" name badge, following the same typeface as contemporary Renaults. Some mechanical improvements were also made.

Renault also released a warm hatch version of the Clio. It was aesthetically very similar, but with the addition of a 110 PS (81 kW) 1.8 L 8-valve engine, side skirts and disc brakes on all wheels. This was badged as the RSi.

During 1991, a 1.8 L 16-valve engine producing 137 PS (101 kW) (also first seen in the R19) capable of propelling the car to 208 km/h (129 mph) was introduced to the Clio engine range, known simply as the Clio 16S in France (S for "soupapes", the French word for valves), and Clio 16V in export markets. As well as having higher top speed than a regular Clio, the 16S sported wider plastic front bumpers, an offset bonnet vent, wider rear bumpers and uprated suspension and brakes, and colour-coded front mirrors and bumpers. The RSi side skirts were omitted, however.

The Clio was voted European Car of the Year for 1991, and soon became one of Europe's best-selling cars, as well as the first Renault to be consistently among the top-10 best sellers in the United Kingdom. UK sales were helped by a famous television advertising campaign by Publicis shot in France, featuring the two main characters of Nicole (played by Estelle Skornik, who was not French nor did she have a driving licence at the time) and Papa.

From 1991 to 1993, trim levels were identical in every European country. Starting in 1993, each country of sale had individual trim levels designations.

Sales across Europe were strong throughout its production life, and a decade after its demise it is still a common sight on Europe's roads.

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Clio Williams

Clio Williams

In 1992, Renault launched the Clio Williams with a limited run of 500, for racing homologation purposes. The car was named after the then Renault-powered Formula One team WilliamsF1, though Williams had nothing to do with the design or engineering of this Clio. The modifications to the Clio 16S on which it was based were the work of Renault Sport, Renault's motorsport division.

The 2.0 L 16-valve straight-4 engine rated at 150 PS (110 kW) and a top speed of 215 km/h (134 mph), with performance-tuned ride and handling. Renault later released the Williams 2 and Williams 3 special editions, much to the chagrin of those owners who had been assured of the exclusivity of the "original" Williams. One common mistake people can make is thinking that the 2.0 16V (F7R) used in the Williams is simply a bored out 1.8 16V (F7P), whereas, in reality the large engine had different size valves, cams, stroked crank and engine oil cooler. Other differences between the Williams and the Clio 16S it is based on include a wider front track with some parts borrowed from the Renault 19. wider speedline alloys, uprated (JC5) gearbox, bespoke four-to-one manifold, firmer suspension, and some cosmetic differences on the exterior and interior.[citation needed]

The differences between the three versions of the Williams were largely a reflection of phase changes across the Clio range, e.g. the gradual addition of enhanced safety features and cosmetic variations. Other than this, the Williams 1 and 2 had no sunroof and were painted in 449 Sports Blue. The final Williams 3 was painted in a slightly brighter shade of blue (432 Monaco Blue) and finally gained a sunroof which had long been standard on virtually all previous Clios. The original Williams was the lightest of the three, lacking the electrics necessary for the sunroof or the mirrors but was the only one to sport a metal plaque stating the build number.

Respected motoring journalists consistently rate the Williams as one of the very best hot hatches ever made[citation needed], regardless of era. One of its many accolades was 6th place in Evo's Car Of The Decade feature in 2004.

The Williams 3 2.0 litre has 2 doors, fabric seats, a touch screen radio and a medium sized boot. Its top speed is 140mph.

Clio II (1997–2005)

Second generation - Clio II
1997-2000 Renault Clio II
Manufacturer Renault
Also called Nissan Platina
Renault Clio Classic
Renault Clio Campus
Renault Clio Grande
Renault Clio Storia
Renault Thalia

Renault Lutecia (Asia)
Renault Clio New Basic (Denmark)
Renault Symbol
Production 1997–present (under the names of Clio Campus and Storia)[citation needed]
Assembly Strasbourg, France
Córdoba, Argentina
Bursa, Turkey
Novo Mesto, Slovenia (Renault Clio Storia),
Envigado, Colombia,
Aguascalientes, Mexico
Body style(s) 3-door hatchback
4-door sedan
5-door hatchback
Engine(s) 1.2 L I4
1.4 L I4
1.5 L diesel I4
1.6 L I4
1.9 diesel I4
2.0 L I4
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,472 mm (97.3 in)
Length Hatchback: 3,811 mm (150.0 in)
Sedan: 4,171 mm (164.2 in)
Width 1,639 mm (64.5 in)
Height Hatchback: 1,417 mm (55.8 in)
Sedan: 1,437 mm (56.6 in)
Curb weight 990 kg (2,183 lb)

The second generation of the Clio was launched in the fall of 1997, with considerably more rounded and bulbous styling than its predecessor. Part of the radical concept of the new Clio were many components made of unusual materials to save in weight and repair costs[citation needed]. For instance, the front wings were made of plastic (Following on from criticisms of corrosion in this part of the previous model and based on technology developed for the Renault Espace) and the material of the bonnet was aluminium in some versions. Originally the engine lineup was similar to before, with 1.2 L, 1.4 L and 1.6 L petrol engines and a 1.9 L diesel. In early 1999, a sportive 16V version equipped with a new 1.6 L 16-valve engine was introduced, and eventually, all the older petrol engines were upgraded to more powerful and more economical 16-valve versions.

In 1998, Renault launched the 169 PS (124 kW) Clio Renault Sport (also known as Clio RS for short, named Clio Renault Sport 172 in the UK - 172 coming from the DIN method horsepower measurement), with a 2.0 L 16-valve engine and a top speed of 220 km/h (140 mph). But in this form, the car is capable of surprisingly good handling and performance. The top-of-the-range Clio, however was the mid-engined, rear-wheel drive Clio V6 Renault Sport, originally engineered by Tom Walkinshaw Racing for a one-make racing series, which placed a 230 PS (170 kW) 3.0 L V6 engine, sourced from the Renault Laguna behind the front seats, with a top speed of 235 km/h (146 mph).

A facelift occurred in the spring of 2001 which saw the exterior restyled (most visibly the headlights were made more angular), the interior quality improved and a 1.5 L direct injection Diesel engine added. In 2005 the Phase 2 model was facelifted with a restyled front and rear. The number plate moves from boot to bumper and a better specification on all Campus models introduced. The Clio Renault Sport's power was improved to 179 PS (132 kW) (in the UK, the designation RS 182 was adopted, once more using in reflection of DIN-measured horsepower).

2006-present Renault Clio II (Mexico)

After the introduction of the Clio III in 2005, Renault continues to market the Mk 2 as the Renault Clio Storia (Campus in the UK, or simply Clio elsewhere), with a reduced engine and model range. In the UK, the model continues to sell alongside the newly introduced Renault Twingo, which shares its floorpan and retails at the same price level. Mexico saw the addition of different headlights (from Nissan's Platina) for the 2010 Clio II.

Clio Symbol/Clio Classic/Clio Sedan/Symbol/Thalia (1999-present)

The new Thalia, uses Clio III platform, but not interior and front fascia

In 1999 Renault launched the saloon version of the Clio II, named Clio Symbol (in Turkey, Romania and Bulgaria), Thalia (in Poland), Clio Sedan (South America, except in Colombia where its name is Symbol) and Clio Classic (Asia and Oceania). Originally, the car was intended for sale in developing countries, but due to demand, it was later made available in countries where saloons were traditionally preferred over hatchbacks, most notably in Eastern Europe, where the Thalia is cheaper than the Clio, but is still about 30% more expensive than the Dacia Logan, which is also sold by Renault in that market but is a low cost model. In some markets, the sedan is offered as the Nissan Platina (manufactured in Aguascalientes, Mexico). The sedan version of Clio was facelifted in 2002,with new exterior similar to facelifted Clio,better equipment and safety levels.

In fall of 2006, an improved Clio sedan has been offered in Romania,Bulgaria and Turkey as Renault Symbol. Apart from Brazil, where "Symbol" was adopted, in all the other countries the names weren't changed. This model features the interior of the facelifted Clio II with very minor parts commonality with Megane II, as well as new standard and optional equipment, such as automatic air conditioning and a CD player. The model earned moderate reception in the domestic market.

Renault introduced its newest facelift of the Clio Symbol/Thalia model at the 2008 Moscow Motor Show. The new model featured chrome-trimmed front grille and rear fascia, while powered by similar engines as the Dacia Logan range. The new Symbol/Thalia was designed for the Eastern and Central Europe, Russia, Turkey and North Africa.

Clio III (2005-present)

Third generation - Clio III
Clio mk3
Manufacturer Renault
Also called Renault Euro Clio (Mexico)
Production 2005–present (2009 facelift)
Assembly Strasbourg, France
Delhi, India
Bursa, Turkey
Body style(s) 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
5-door estate
Platform Nissan B platform
Engine(s) 1.8L I4
2.0L I4
1.4L I4
1.2L I4
1.6L I4
1.5L I4
Transmission(s) 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
6-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,451 mm (96.5 in)
Length 2005-09: 3,986 mm (156.9 in)
2009-Present: 4,032 mm (158.7 in)
Width 2005-09: 1,707 mm (67.2 in)
2009-Present: 1,720 mm (67.7 in)
Wagon: 1,719 mm (67.7 in)
Height 1,497 mm (58.9 in)
Curb weight 1,150 kg (2,535 lb)
Related Nissan Micra
Nissan Tiida
Renault Modus
Dacia Logan
Dacia Sandero

An all-new third generation Clio was unveiled in the UK in 2005. A earlier variant with manufacturers code BB05 was marketed in other European countries as the Mk III in 2004. This variant was not sold in the UK at all. The mk III uses a platform co-developed with Nissan (which Renault has a share in) that is shared with the Renault Modus, the current Nissan Micra and the Nissan Note. It is considerably larger and 130 kg (287 lb) heavier as well as more expensive than the Clio II, and at nearly 4000 mm in length has almost outgrown the supermini class. This was the result of a decision to move the Clio upmarket[citation needed]. It also brings the trademark "Renault Card" keyless immobiliser to the Clio for the first time. The new Clio achieved a 5-star EuroNCAP safety rating, joining the rest of Renault's family at the maximum safety rating (with the exception of Kangoo and Twingo). Sales began throughout Europe in October 2005. It was voted European Car of the Year 2006, and was considered by the judges to be the car which will set the benchmark for quality, safety and style for a car in this class.

The Brazilian 2009 Renault Clio Hi-Flex 1.0 is a flex-fuel that runs on any blend of gasoline and ethanol.

In June 2006 the sales of the third generation Clio Renault Sport started in France for the price of €23000. The Clio Renault Sport is equipped with a new naturally aspirated 16-valve 2.0 L engine based on the earlier version used in the second generation Clio Renaultsport and a 6-speed manual gearbox. The engine develops 197 PS (145 kW) at 7250 rpm. The top speed is 215 km/h (134 mph) and 0-100 km/h takes 6.9 seconds.

Renault exhibited a Hi-Flex Clio Mk II with a 1.6 L 16-valve engine at the 2006 Paris International Agricultural Show. This vehicle, which addresses the Brazilian market (where this engine is available in the Clio II, the third generation not being sold there), features Renault-developed flex-fuel technology, with a highly versatile engine that can run on fuel containing a blend of gasoline and ethanol in any proportion (0% to 100% of either).

An estate version, the Sport Tourer, was unveiled in March 2007. At the same time, Renault replaced the 1.4 L atmospheric engine with a new turbocharged 1.2 TCE version, with 101 PS (74 kW) and 145 N·m (107 ft·lbf) of maximum torque.

A French 2009 Renault Clio III face-lifted model.

A facelifted version of the Clio III went on sale in the UK on the 15th May 2009. It features better quality materials used in the interior and is better equipped than the current model.[1] It is also introduced with a new Clio GT variant, intended to slot between the regular Clio and the Clio 197. The Clio GT has a new aggressive front end styling incorporating a black grille, extended side sills, suspension settings unique to the GT variant, and a twin tailpipe design with a lip spoiler on the rear end.[2]

Engines

Engine Works Code Type Power Top speed 0-100 km/h Availability
1.0 L (999 cc) D7D 8-valve I4 58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) 144 km/h (89 mph) 18.2 s Brazil, 2000-2007
1.0 L (999 cc) (gas/ethanol) D4D 16-valve I4 77 PS (57 kW; 76 hp) 165 km/h (103 mph) 14.1 s Brazil, 2003-present
1.2 L (1149 cc) D7F 8-valve I4 58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) 160 km/h (99 mph) 13.5 s 1996-1998-Present, Clio Campus/Storia GPL
1.2 L (1149 cc) D4F 16-valve I4 76 PS (56 kW; 75 hp) 170 km/h (106 mph) 13.0 s 2001-present
1.2 L TCE 100(1149 cc) D4FT 16-valve I4 101 PS (74 kW; 100 hp) 184 km/h (114 mph) 11.1 s 2007-present, Clio III
1.2 L (1171 cc) E5F 8-valve I4 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) 150 km/h (93 mph) 16.0 s 1990-1995
1.2 L (1171 cc) E7F 8-valve I4 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) 155 km/h (96 mph) 15.2 s 1990-1995
1.2 L (1239 cc) C3G 8-valve I4 54 PS (40 kW; 53 hp) 150 km/h (93 mph) 14.5 s 1995-1996
1.4 L (1390 cc) E7J 8-valve I4 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) 175 km/h (109 mph) 11.2 s 1997
1.4 L (1390 cc) E7J 8-valve I4 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) 170 km/h (106 mph) 12.0 s 1998-2001
1.4 L (1390 cc) K4J 16-valve I4 98 PS (72 kW; 97 hp) 185 km/h (115 mph) 11.2 s 1998-present
1.5 L (1461 cc) K9K 8-valve dCi I4 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) 162 km/h (101 mph) 15.0 s 2001-2005
1.5 L (1461 cc) K9K 8-valve dCi I4 68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) 163 km/h (101 mph) 14.9 s 2005-present
1.5 L (1461 cc) K9K 8-valve dCi I4 82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) 2001-2005
1.5 L (1461 cc) K9K 8-valve dCi I4 86 PS (63 kW; 85 hp) 174 km/h (108 mph) 12.7 s 2005-present
1.5 L (1461 cc) K9K 8-valve dCi I4 101 PS (74 kW; 100 hp) 185 km/h (115 mph) 10.6 s 2001-2005
1.5 L (1461 cc) K9K 8-valve dCi I4 106 PS (78 kW; 105 hp) 190 km/h (118 mph) 11.1 s 2005-present
1.6 L (1598 cc) K7M 8-valve I4 88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp) 177 km/h (110 mph) 11.9 s 1998-1999
1.6 L (1598 cc) K4M 16-valve I4 110 PS (81 kW; 110 hp) 194 km/h (121 mph) 9.6 s 1998-2005(1999-2001 16v-sport version)
1.6 L (1598 cc) K4M 16-valve I4 112 PS (82 kW; 110 hp) 190 km/h (118 mph) 10.2 s 2005-present
1.7 L (1698 cc) or (1721 cc) F3N 8-valve I4 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) 205 km/h (127 mph) 9.2 s 1990-1991
1.8 L (1794 cc) F3P 8-valve I4 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp) 185 km/h (115 mph) 9.9 s 1990-1998
1.8 L (1794 cc) F3P 8-valve I4 110 PS (81 kW; 110 hp) 195 km/h (121 mph) 8.6 s RSi
1.8 L (1764 cc) F7P 16-valve I4 137 PS (101 kW; 135 hp) 209 km/h (130 mph) 7.7 s 16S/16V
1.9 L (1870 cc) F8Q 8-valve D I4 64 PS (47 kW; 63 hp) 161 km/h (100 mph) 14.8 s Clio I, Clio II
1.9 L (1870 cc) F8Q 8-valve dTi I4 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) 175 km/h (109 mph) 13.0 s Clio II
2.0 L (1997 cc) F4R 16-valve I4 138 PS (101 kW; 136 hp) 205 km/h (127 mph) 8.5 s
2.0 L (1998 cc) F7R 16-valve I4 150 PS (110 kW; 150 hp) 215 km/h (134 mph) 7.3 s Williams
2.0 L (1998 cc) F4R 16-valve I4 169 PS (124 kW; 167 hp) 220 km/h (137 mph) 7.2 s 2000-2004, RS
2.0 L (1998 cc) F4R 16-valve I4 179 PS (132 kW; 177 hp) 222 km/h (138 mph) 7.1 s 2004-2006, RS
2.0 L (1997 cc) F4R 16-valve I4 197 PS (145 kW; 194 hp) 223 km/h (139 mph) 6.9 s 2006-2009, RS
3.0 L (2946 cc) L7X 24-valve V6 230 PS (170 kW; 230 hp) 235 km/h (146 mph) 6.4 s
3.0 L (2946 cc) L7X 24-valve V6 255 PS (188 kW; 252 hp) 245 km/h (152 mph) 5.8 s 2000-2004, RS

Consumer safety issues (Watchdog)

In April 2006, the UK consumer affairs TV programme Watchdog aired details of incidents involving a number of Clio IIs in which the bonnet flew open without warning while still being driven. The problem was traced to a faulty safety catch.

Renault recalled at least some Clios for work on the bonnet catch.

Additional Renault Clio mechanical and electrical faults have been catalogued at carsurvey.org - including a common fault which causes the engine to unexpectedly stall; in some cases at speed whilst on the motorway. Another commonly reported fault occurs with the hazard lights turning on by themselves and unable to be switched off

Advertising

  • In the United Kingdom, the Clio was advertised on television using the characters "Nicole" (a flirtatious young French woman played by Estelle Skornik) and "Papa" (her somewhat slow-witted father played by Max Douchin). The 1994 advert featured Vincent Cassel as Nicole's boyfriend. The commercials were very popular and in the final one of the series actually featured Bob Mortimer and Vic Reeves, in a sequence parodying The Graduate. In 2000, the 1991 commercial "Interesting" was named the 12th best television commercial of all time, in a poll conducted by The Sunday Times and Channel 4. Sound clips of the advert were played repeatedly on The Chris Moyles Show when it was discovered Comedy Dave and his girlfriend had named their newborn daughter Nicole.
  • In 1999 a commercial was launched worldwide for the Renault Clio MTV Limited edition featuring a man who was saying "Get up ah!" all the time, it was actually the only sound he can hear from a Clio passing in front of his house early in the morning, then the commercial shows the five men inside the Clio and moving their heads to the rhythm of the James Brown song Get Up (I Feel Like Being a) Sex Machine.
  • The Clio II advertising campaign featured French model Hélène Mahieu, and French international footballer Thierry Henry for the Clio III, both attempting to define the term va-va-voom, a term later defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as "The quality of being exciting, vigorous, or sexually attractive", although they state that it dates from the 1950s. In Brazil, the Clio had a trim level called Va Va Voom. The trim level has been discontinued. In Mexico, Clio II's latest campaign reads "todo por mi Clio" (anything for my Clio), depicting one would give anything to keep one's Clio safe from danger.
  • The current campaign for the new Clio features French actress Annelise Hesme and English actor Jeremy Sheffield trying to outdo each other over the superiority of each nation via a range of cultural aspects. This "France Vs Britain" - French Car, British Designers - campaign has been extended across a number of media, for example the French Film, British Cinemas tag for the annual Renault French Film Festival. The music used is Nina Simone's "Sinnerman".

Motorsport

Awards

References

External links


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