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This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Japanese Wikipedia.
Nissan Pathfinder
2000 Nissan Pathfinder
Manufacturer Nissan
Production 1986–present
Class Compact SUV (1986-2004)
Mid-size SUV (2005-present)
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive

The Nissan Pathfinder and (Japanese: Nissan Terrano) were originally compact SUVs and they are now mid-size SUVs. Whereas the Pathfinder is sold in North America, the name first introduced in late 1986, elsewhere in the world the vehicle was known as the Terrano. The first generation Pathfinder/Terrano platform is known as the WD21. The second generation Pathfinder platform is known as the R50, and the third generation is known as the R51. The Pathfinder is slotted in size between the Murano and Armada or Patrol, but in price between the Xterra and Murano. The Pathfinder's traditional Japanese competitor is the Toyota 4Runner.

Contents

First generation WD21 series (1986.5-1995)

First generation
1994 Nissan Pathfinder 4X4
Also called Nissan Terrano
Production 1986–1995
Assembly Kyūshū, Japan
Smyrna, Tennessee
Body style(s) 2-door SUV
4-door SUV
Engine(s) 2.4 L Z24 I4
106 hp (79 kW)
2.4 L KA24E I4
140 hp (100 kW)
3.0 L VG30i V6
145 hp (108 kW)
3.0 L VG30E V6
153 hp (114 kW)
2.7 L TD272 I4 Diesel
84 hp (63 kW)
2.7 L TD27T2 I4 Turbodiesel
99 hp (74 kW)
2.7 L TD27T4 I4 Turbodiesel
113 hp (84 kW)
Transmission(s) 3-speed(1986.5-87 models only)automatic
4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 104.3 in (2,649 mm).
Length 171.9 in (4,366 mm).
Width 66.5 in (1,689 mm).
Height XE: 65.7 in (1,669 mm)
1986-89 SE & LE: 66.1 in (1,679 mm).
1990-95 SE: 66.7 in (1,694 mm).
Related Nissan Hardbody Truck
1986.5-1989 Nissan Pathfinder 3-door
1990-1995 Nissan Terrano 5-door

The North American first generation Pathfinder came in two different bodies and shared styling and most components with the Nissan Hardbody Truck. Built on a ladder-type frame, the Pathfinder was Nissan's response to the S-10 Blazer, Ford Explorer, the Jeep Cherokee and other non-domestic SUV's like the Toyota 4Runner Isuzu Trooper and the Mitsubishi Montero. WD21 Pathfinders were available in both 2WD and 4WD configurations. In the US from 1986.5 to 1989 Pathfinders came with a two door body. In early 1990 it became a four door in the United States. Some US 1990 Pathfinder's came with the two door body, but they are rare.

When the four door was introduced, Nissan chose to conceal the door handles as a part of the "C" pillar trim to visually make it appear like a two door truck with a camper shell, with conventional door handles on the front doors. This appearance approach was also used on the first generation Chevrolet S-10 Blazer with conventional door handles for the rear doors. This design tradition is still used on some Nissan SUV's currently offered, to include the Nissan Armada and the Nissan Xterra.

The 2-door version was available in Canada until 1990. From 86.5 to 1989 Pathfinders were available with either the Nissan VG30i 3.0 L V6 (145 hp (108 kW), 180 lb·ft (244 N·m) torque), or the Nissan Z24 2.4 L (106 hp (79 kW)) I4. In 1990 the V6 received an upgrade from throttle body injection to a multi point fuel injection system. This engine was known as the VG30E, and was rated at 153 hp (114 kW) and 180 lb·ft (244 N·m) torque. Also in 1990, the Z24 was replaced with the KA24E. The first generation continued until 1995. This generation also came out in the 2.7 L I4 Diesel Engine known as the TD27 with the option of a turbocharger to increase the power rating.

The first generation (WD21) Pathfinders are known to develop rust in the following areas: the frame above and behind the rear wheels, the floor directly above the catalytic converter and under the back seats. On automatic-equipped models, the transmission cooler is notorious for clogging up and starving the transmission of fluid, resulting in a costly rebuild or replacement. Installation of an aftermarket transmission fluid cooler is recommended for any WD21 Pathfinder with an automatic transmission. Nissan techs generally recommend that the stock cooler in the radiator not be used at all.

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Facelifts

A facelift occurred in 1990 when the 4-door model arrived. The front grille was revised, various interior trim level options became available and various exterior packages were offered by dealerships. The 1993 models received a third brake light. The 1994 model received a curved dashboard. When the 2-door model disappeared from Canada in 1992, the Pathfinder was sold only as a 4-door in 1993, and the bumpers got a minor facelift that time.

Second generation R50 series (1996-2004)

Second generation
Nissan Pathfinder
Also called Infiniti QX4
Nissan Terrano
Production 1996–2004
Assembly Kyūshū, Japan
Barcelona, Spain
Smyrna, Tennessee
Body style(s) 4-door SUV
Engine(s) 3.3 L VG33E V6
168 hp (125 kW)
3.5 L VQ35DE V6
250 hp (190 kW)
2.7 L TD27ETi I4 Turbodiesel
127 hp (95 kW)
3.0 L ZD30DDTi I4 Turbodiesel
168 hp (125 kW)
3.2 L QD32ETi I4 Turbodiesel
150 hp (110 kW)
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 106.3 in (2,700 mm).
Length 1996-99: 178.3 in (4,529 mm).
2000-04: 182.7 in (4,641 mm).
Width 2000-04: 71.7 in (1,821 mm).
2000-04 XE: 69.7 in (1,770 mm).
1996-99: 72.4 in (1,839 mm).
1996-99 XE: 68.7 in (1,745 mm).
Height 2002-04 SE: 72.7 in (1,847 mm).
2000-04 LE & 2000-01 SE: 70.9 in (1,801 mm).
2000-01 XE: 67.9 in (1,725 mm).
1996-99 XE & 1996-97 LE: 67.1 in (1,704 mm).
1996-99 SE & 1998-99 LE: 67.9 in (1,725 mm).
Related Nissan Hardbody Truck

The second generation was introduced in 1996 with more rounded styling. The second generation Pathfinder was completely redesigned from the first generation, switching from body on frame construction to unibody construction. The engine was upgraded to the VG33E, with 168 hp (125 kW) and 196 lb·ft (266 N·m) torque. For the 1999 1/2 model year, the Pathfinder was freshened. 2001 brought a new 240 hp (179 kW) V6 engine, the VQ35DE. With its facelift, the Pathfinder also grew in size, making way for the compact Xterra.

Diesel engines continued to be used in Japanese and European models.

As of the 2002 model year, the Terrano / Pathfinder is no longer sold in Japan, and is currently available in North America, Europe and the Middle East.

Facelifts

The Pathfinder was facelifted in 2002 with two grille variants. Another facelift occurred in 2002, when the current Nissan logo was added and received a bolder grille versus the 2000 model.

Third generation R51 series (2005-present)

Third generation
2005-2007 Nissan Pathfinder
Production 2005–present
Assembly Smyrna, Tennessee, United States
Barcelona, Spain
Body style(s) 4-door SUV
Platform Nissan F-Alpha platform
Engine(s) 4.0 L VQ40DE V6
270 hp (200 kW)
2.5 L YD25DDTi I4 Turbodiesel
174 hp (130 kW) (Europe only)
5.6 L VK56DE V8
310 hp (230 kW)
Transmission(s) 5-speed automatic
6-speed manual (Non-American models)
Wheelbase 112.2 in (2,850 mm).
Length 2005-07: 187.6 in (4,765 mm).
2008-present: 192.5 in (4,890 mm).
Width 2005-07: 72.8 in (1,849 mm).
2008-present: 72.8 in (1,849 mm).
Height S & SE 4WD: 72.8 in.
SE Off-Road: 73.3 in (1,862 mm)
LE 4WD: 72.9 in (1,852 mm).
S & SE 2WD: 72.4 in (1,839 mm).
LE 2WD: 72.5 in (1,841 mm).
Related Infiniti QX56
Nissan Armada
Nissan Frontier
Nissan Titan
Nissan Xterra

At the 2004 North American International Auto Show, Nissan unveiled a completely redesigned Pathfinder for the 2005 model year. The new R51 Pathfinder uses the Nissan F-Alpha platform, and is powered by a 4.0 L V6 engine VQ40DE (270 hp (201 kW), 291 lb·ft (395 N·m)) or a 2.5 L YD25DDTi (174 hp (130 kW), 297 lb·ft (403 N·m)) Turbo Diesel.

In late 2003, a full-size SUV, the Pathfinder Armada, debuted. Although they share a common name, they have little similarity and use different platforms. The "Pathfinder" prefix was dropped for 2005, leaving just the name "Armada".

The Pathfinder is sold as the Terrano in many markets outside of North America. In 2005, when the redesigned Pathfinder was released the Pathfinder name became international as it sold worldwide. These were the first to be sold in the UK.

2008 facelift

2008 Nissan Pathfinder V8

The facelifted 2008 Nissan Pathfinder debuted at the 2007 Chicago Auto Show, and added new models with a V8 engine from the related Nissan Titan.


See also

External links


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