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Ethylene glycol dinitrate
Ethylene glycol dinitrate.png
IUPAC name
Other names Ethylene glycol dinitrate, Glycol dinitrate, Ethylene dinitrate, Ethylene nitrate, 1,2-Bis(nitrooxy)ethane, Nitroglycol, 1,2-Ethanediol dinitrate, Dinitroglycol, EGDN
Identifiers
CAS number 628-96-6
SMILES
InChI
Properties
Molecular formula C2H4N2O6
Molar mass 152.1 g/mol
Appearance Oily, odorless, colorless to light yellow liquid
Density 1.49 g/cm3
Melting point

-22.0 °C

Boiling point

Explodes at 114 °C

Solubility in water 5 g/l
Hazards
R-phrases R2 R26/27/28 R33
S-phrases ((S1/2) S33 S35 S36/37 S45
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Ethylene glycol dinitrate (EGDN), also known as nitroglycol, is a chemical compound a yellowish, oily explosive liquid obtained by nitrating ethylene glycol. It is similar to nitroglycerin in both manufacture and properties, though it is more volatile and less viscous.

EGDN was used in manufacturing explosives to lower the freezing point of nitroglycerin, in order to produce dynamite for use in colder weather. Due to its volatility it did serve as a detection taggant in some plastic explosives, e.g. Semtex, to allow more reliable explosive detection, until 1995 when it was replaced by Dimethyldinitrobutane .

Like other organic nitrates, ethylene glycol dinitrate is a vasodilator.

See also

External links

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