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No. 194 Squadron RAF: Wikis

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No. 194 Squadron RAF
Active 9 August 1917 - 21 July 1918
14 October 1942 - 15 February 1946
1 February 1953 - 3 June 1959
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Role Transport
Part of RAF Transport Command
Nickname "The Friendly Firm"
Motto Latin: Surrigere colligere
"To arise and pick up"
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldry A Malayan kris with a dragonfly superimposed[1]

194 Squadron RAF was a RAF transport squadron that flew most of its active life in South East Asia.

Contents

History

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Formation and World War I

Formed as a training squadron at Amriya in Egypt on 9 August 1917, it disbanded on 21 July 1918 into No. 16 Training Depot Station.[2]

World War II

No. 194 squadron was reformed at Lahore on 14 October 1942 as a transport unit equipped with Hudsons. It maintained mail and passenger routes in India until it became an airborne forces squadron in September 1943. Dakotas had started to arrive in May and, with the departure of the last Hudsons in September, No. 194 began paratroop training. In February 1944, supply-dropping flights to Chindit army units in Burma began and continued for the rest of the war. In January 1945 a casualty evacuation flight was attached to the squadron and Sentinels were used to pick up casualties form small jungle strips. After the end of the war, the squdron was engaged in general transport duties until disbanding at Mingladon on 15 February 1946. The squadron badge commonly used by the squadron depicted a flying elephant and the Squadron had adopted the motto ‘The Friendly Firm’ and although their entire fleet of aircraft carried this crest throughout the Burma campaign, Royal Charter never officially recognized it[3] (That same crest can be seen on all three books about the squadron).

Post-war

On 1 February 1953, No. 194 reformed for a second time at Sembawang in Malaya from the Casualty Evacuation Flight with Dragonfly HC.2 helicopters for co-operation with security forces in Malaya. Sycamore HC.14s were received in October 1954, but it was June 1956 before the last Dragonfly left. On 3 June 1959, the squadron merged with No. 155 Squadron RAF to become No. 110 Squadron RAF.

Aircraft operated

From To Aircraft Version
Oct 1942 September 1943 Lockheed Hudson Mk.VI
May 1943 Feb 1946 Douglas Dakota Mks.I, III
Dec 1944 Feb 1946 Douglas Dakota Mk.IV
Jan 1945 Sep 1945 Vultee-Stinson Sentinel Mk.I
Feb 1953 Jun 1956 Westland Dragonfly HC.2
Oct 1954 Jun 1959 Bristol Sycamore HC.14

[1][4][5]

Commanding officers

From To Name
Oct 1942 Jun 1944 W/Cdr. A.C. Pearson
Jun 1944 Dec 1944 W/Cdr. R.T. Chisholm
Dec 1944 Jun 1945 W/Cdr. R.C. Crawford
Jun 1945 Aug 1945 S/Ldr. P.M. Bristow
Aug 1945 Feb 1946 W/Cdr. D. Penman, DSO, DFC
Feb 1953 1955 S/Ldr. G.R.G. Henderson, AFC
1955 1957 S/Ldr. C.R. Turner
1957 Jun 1959 S/Ldr. F. Barnes

[4]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Halley 1988, p. 253.
  2. ^ No. 194 Squadron history on RAFweb's Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation
  3. ^ BURMA STAR ASSOCIATION
  4. ^ a b Rawlings 1982, p. 127
  5. ^ Jefford 2001, p. 692.

Bibliography

  • Briscoe, Deryk A. (ed.) The Friendly Firm Remembers: Stories by the members of the 194 Squadron in South East Asia. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada: Windrush Marketing, 2000. ISBN 0-96861-890-1.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing CommanderC.G. RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Russell, Wilfrid. The Friendly Firm - A history of 194 Squadron, Royal AIr Force. London, 194 Squadron RAF Association, 1972.
  • Williams, Flight Lieutenant Douglas. 194 Squadron Royal AIr Force - 'The Friendly Firm' (Burma Campaign). Braunton, Devon, UK: Merlin Books Ltd., 1987. ISBN 0-86303-326-1.

External links


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