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No. 228 Squadron RAF
Active 20 Aug 1918 - 30 Jun 1919
15 Dec 1936 - 4 Jun 1945
1 Jul 1954 - 1 Sep 1964
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Motto Latin: Auxilium a caelo
("Help from the sky")
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldry A winged helmet[1]
Squadron Codes TO (Apr 1939 - May 1939)
BH (May 1939 - Sep 1939)
DQ (Sep 1939 - Aug 1943)
UE (Jul 1944 - Jun 1945)
L (Jul 1954 - 1956)
228 (1956 - May 1959)

No. 228 Squadron RAF was a unit that during the greatest part of its existence flew over water, doing so in World War I, World War II and beyond, performing anti-submarine, reconnaissance and air-sea rescue tasks.

Contents

History

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Formation and World War I

A Felixtowe F2A
A Curtiss H.12 used by the RNAS

The squadron formed on 20 August 1918 at Great Yarmouth during the re-organisation of the former RNAS stations of Nos. 324, 325 and 326 Flights.[1] The squadron was initially equipped with both Felixstowe F.2A and Curtiss H.12 aircraft and was involved in anti-submarine patrols. The last patrol was flown on 24 October 1918 and the squadron disbanded on 30 June 1919 at RAF Killingholme.

Reformation

A Supermarine Stranraer as flown by 228 Squadron

The squadron reformed on 15 December 1936 at RAF Pembroke Dock, and was initially equipped with a variety of aircraft including Short Singapores, a Supermarine Scapa, a Saro London and a Supermarine Stranraer. However by September 1938 the squadron was just operating Stranraers.[1][2] In November 1938[1][2] the squadron received its first Short Sunderland, and by April 1939 the squadron was completely re-equipped with Sunderlands.

World War II

A Short Sunderland

When World War II began the squadron was at Alexandria in Egypt. The squadron immediately returned to Pembroke Dock and sent detachments to Invergordon and Sullom Voe. In June 1940 the squadron returned to Egypt following Italy's declaration of war on Britain. In June 1941 the squadron moved to Gambia, West Africa, returning in August 1941 to Pembroke Dock and then Stranraer to be re-equipped. In March 1942 at Oban, the squadron became operational again, moving to Lough Erne in December 1942 and then back to Pembroke Dock in May 1943, where it remained until disbanding on 4 June 1945.

On Liberators

A Liberator at the RAF Museum at Hendon

On 1 June 1946 the squadron reformed at St Eval when No. 224Y Squadron was renumbered. The squadron was equipped with Consolidated Liberators GR.6 and GR.8s and performed passenger and freight services with the Liberators to Ireland, Gibraltar, the Azores and Morocco, but also had reconnaissance, air-sea rescue and meteorlogical tasks. It disbanded on 30 September 1946 at St Eval.

On Shackletons

Avro Shackleton with Saunders-Roe airborne lifeboat

The squadron reformed again on 1 July 1954 at St Eval equipped with the Avro Shackleton as a maritime reconnaissance unit, until disbanding at St Eval again on 1 April 1959.

On Helicopters

A Whirlwind used in the air-sea rescue role

In September 1959 the squadron reformed again via the renumbering of No. 275 Squadron at Leconfield. The squadron was a helicopter search and rescue unit, flying first Sycamores and then Whirlwinds. On 1 September 1964 the squadron was disbanded at Leconfield when it was renumbered to No. 202 Squadron.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Halley 1988, pp. 294-295.
  2. ^ a b Jefford 2001, p. 76.

Bibliography

  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937-56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Evans, John. Help from the Heavens: A History of No. 228 Squadron RAF. Pembroke Dock, Pembrokeshire, UK: Paterchurch Publications, 1998. ISBN 1-87074-506-X.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.

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