No. 230 Squadron RAF: Wikis

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No. 230 Squadron RAF
230 Squadron RAF.jpg
Active 20 August 1918 - 1 April 1922
1 December 1934 - 28 February 1957
1 September 1958 -
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Role Support helicopter
Garrison/HQ RAF Benson
Motto (Malay): Kita chari jauh
("We search far")
Equipment Westland Puma
Battle honours Home Waters 1918, Mediterranean 1940-1943, Egypt and Libya 1940-1943, Greece 1940-1941, Malta 1940-1942, Eastern Waters 1943-1945, North Burma 1944, Burma 1945, Gulf 1991.[1]
Insignia
Squadron Badge In front of a palm tree eradicated, a tiger passant[2]
Squadron Codes FV (Apr 1939 - Sep 1939)[3]
NM (Sep 1939 - Jan 1943)[4]
DX (1942 - Dec 1942)[5]
4X (Apr 1946 - Apr 1951)[6]
B (Apr 1951 - 1956)[7]
230 (1956 - Feb 1957)
D Carried on Pumas (Odiham)[8]

No. 230 Squadron is an RAF squadron based at RAF Benson.

The squadron was part of the RAF in Germany, operating the Puma HC.1 there from 1980. Following the drawdown at the end of the Cold War the squadron disbanded, this was short-lived however and the squadron reformed at Aldergrove in early May 1992, again with the Puma HC.1.

The squadron is well experienced in night flying, almost a third of flights are undertaken after dark.

The 2004 Future Capabilities chapter of the UK Defence White Paper, Delivering Security in a Changing World announced a reduction to reduce the squadrons Puma force by 6 helicopters.

It was announced in late 2008 that the squadron was to move to RAF Benson by 2010.[9]

Contents

History

No. 230 Squadron was formed on 20 August 1918 at Felixstowe, consisting of three Flights. No.327 and 328 Flight used Felixstowe F.2 and F.2A flying boats and Fairey IIIs for maritime reconnaissance, whilst No.487 Flight flew Sopwith Camels on escort duties. At the end of World War One the squadron was retained as one of the few RAF coastal units. In 1920 the squadron got Felixstowe F.5 flying boats, and it moved to Calshot in May 1922, where on 1 April it was renumbered to 480 Flight RAF.

On 1 December 1934 No. 230 Squadron was reformed at Pembroke Dock with Short Singapore flying boats. The Squadron used the Singapore till 1938, serving from Aboukir, Alexandria, Lake Timsah and after a short return to the UK, Seletar. In 22 June 1938 the first Short Sunderland flying boat arrived,[10] the aircraft the Squadron would be equipped with for the next 20 years, in fact until 28 February 1957 when the Squadron was disbanded at Pembroke Dock.[11]

On 1 September 1958 No. 215 Squadron RAF at Dishforth was renumbered 230 Squadron, flying Scottish Aviation Pioneer light transport aircraft. From 1960 these were augmented with Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer aircraft. Westland Whirlwind HC.10 helicopters began to arrive in June 1962 to become the Squadron's standard equipment.

In January 1963 No.230 Squadron moved to Germany, returning to the UK in January 1965 before being transferred to Borneo. In 1967 to Squadron returned to the UK and in November 1971 began to convert to the Aérospatiale Puma HC.1

It was one of two Northern Ireland based squadrons of the Royal Air Force alongside 72 Squadron operating 18 Pumas, these aircraft are rotated with No. 33 Squadron's 15 Pumas to even out flight hours amongst the fleet (Northern Ireland based helicopters had a much higher operational tempo). In 230 Sqn service the main role of the fleet was tactical transport of the Security Forces, including the Police Service of Northern Ireland and the British Army, either to patrol points or one of the military bases dotted around Northern Ireland. A well travelled route for the Pumas, as well as visiting Chinooks is to the Royal Irish Regiment camp at Ballykinler, South Down.

On 17 Nov 2009, 230 Squadron eventually left Northern Ireland for RAF Benson in Oxfordshire after 17 years in province.[12]

A Westland Puma of 230 Squadron

Aircraft operated

From To Aircraft Variant Notes
August 1918 March 1919 Curtiss H.12 H.16[13]
September 1918 December 1918 Sopwith Camel No. 487 Flight
October 1918 June 1921 Fairey III B, C Nos. 327 and 328 Flight
August 1918 April 1923 Felixstowe F.2 A, F.3 Nos. 327 and 328 Flight
January 1920 April 1923 Felixstowe F.5
April 1935 November 1938 Short Singapore III
June 1938 January 1943 Short Sunderland I
June 1941 March 1942 Dornier Do 22 K Ex-Yugoslav air force no. 2 squadron
June 1941 March 1942 Rogozarski SIM XIV H Ex-Yugoslav air force no. 2 squadron[14]
December 1941 January 1943 Short Sunderland II
April 1942 March 1945 Short Sunderland III
January 1945 February 1957 Short Sunderland V
September 1958 March 1960 Scottish Aviation Pioneer CC.1
January 1960 December 1962 Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer CC.1/CC.2
June 1962 December 1971 Westland Whirlwind HAR.10
October 1971 Date Aérospatiale/Westland Puma HC.1

[15][16][17][18]

See also

References

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Notes

  1. ^ 230 Sqn. on www.rafweb.org
  2. ^ Rawlings 1982, p. 156.
  3. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 14.
  4. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 76.
  5. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, pp. 31-32.
  6. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 116.
  7. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 126.
  8. ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 199.
  9. ^ BBC, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/northern_ireland/7365355.stm
  10. ^ Rawlings 1969, p. 242.
  11. ^ Rawlings 1969, p.244.
  12. ^ Air International January 2010, p.7.
  13. ^ Jefford 2001, p. 76.
  14. ^ Warner 2004, p. 171.
  15. ^ Rawlings 1982, p. 157.
  16. ^ Halley 1988, p. 298.
  17. ^ Jefford 2001, pp. 76-77.
  18. ^ Warner 2004, p. 174.

Bibliography

  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes 1937-56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Deller, Alan W. The Kid Glove Pilot: A Personal Account of Flying Sunderlands in World War Two. Newtownards, County Down, Northern Ireland: Colourpoint Books, 2004. ISBN 1-904242-20-0.
  • Docherty, Tom. Hunt Like a Tiger: 230 Squadron at War, 1939-45. Bognor Regis, West Sussex, UK: Woodfield Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-903953-37-5.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A Full Explanation and Listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied Air Force Unit Codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1980. ISBN 0-85130-083-9.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • "Operation Tiger 9". Air International, January 2010, Vol. 78, No. 1. p.7.
  • Rawlings, J.D.R. "History of 230 Squadron". Air Pictorial, July 1969. Vol. 31 No.7. pp. 242–244.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Warner, Guy. No. 230 Squadron Royal Air Force "Kita chari jauh - We search far". Newtownards, County Down, Northern Ireland: Colourpoint Books, 2004. ISBN 1-904242-33-2.

External links


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