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No. 23 Squadron RAF
23 Squadron badge
Official Squadron Badge of No. 23 Squadron RAF
Active 1 September 1915 - 31 December 1919
1 July 1925 - September 1945
1 September 1946 - 31 October 1975
1 November 1975 - 31 October 1988
1 November 1988 - 3 October 2009
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Role AWACS
Base RAF Waddington
Motto Latin: Semper Aggressus
("Always on the attack")[1]
Colors RAF 23 Sqn.svg
Equipment E-3 Sentry
Battle honours Home Defence 1916*, Western Front 1916-1918, Somme 1916, Arras, Ypres 1917*, Somme 1918*, Channel & North Sea 1939-1940*, Fortress Europe 1940-1944, North Africa 1943*, Sicily 1943, Italy 1943-1944*, Anzio & Nettuno*, France & Germany 1944-1945*, Ruhr 1944-1945, Kosovo, Iraq 2003.
Honours marked with an asterisk* are emblazoned on the Squadron Standard
Insignia
Squadron Badge An eagle preying on a falcon
Squadron Codes MS Sep 1938 - Sep 1939
YP (Sep 1939 - May 1945 and Sep 1946 - Apr 1951)
E (Carried on Tornados)

No. 23 Squadron was a squadron of the Royal Air Force. Until October 2009, it operated the Boeing Sentry AEW1 Airborne Warning And Control System (AWACS) aircraft from RAF Waddington, Lincolnshire.

Contents

History

No. 23 Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps was formed at Fort Grange, Gosport on 1 September 1915. The squadron moved to France in 1916 flying FE2bs. The squadron used the FE2b on escort duties but later in 1917 converted to Spad S.VII and Spad S.XIII single-seaters. The squadron converted to Sopwith Dolphins in 1918 until it disbanded just after the war on 31 December 1919.[2]

The squadron was re-formed on 1 July 1925 at RAF Henlow with the Sopwith Snipe,[3] then used other biplane fighters. In 1938 it became a night-fighter squadron using the Bristol Blenheim. These were replaced by the Douglas Havoc and then the de Havilland Mosquito. Between 1942 and 1944 the squadron moved to Malta. It returned to England and was disbanded in September 1945.[3]

The squadron was reformed on 1 September 1946 as a night fighter squadron operating the de Havilland Mosquito.[3] It received jet aircraft in the form of de Havilland Vampire NF 10s in 1953, replacing them with Venoms in June 1954.[2]

In 1957 the squadron converted to the Gloster Javelin all-weather fighter, beginning a long period operating in the air defence role. The squadron has a strong heritage in the air defence role, operating Gloster Javelins, Lightnings, Phantoms and Tornado F3s. The squadron first acquired Phantoms on 1 November 1975 at RAF Coningsby before moving to RAF Wattisham for just under 10 years. Then in October 1983[4] the squadron deployed to Stanley airfield, Falkland Islands after their recapture from Argentina, arriving there on 1 November. They remained here until 31 October 1988 when its duty was assumed by 1435 Flt. The squadron then reformed on 1 November 1988 at RAF Leeming with the Panavia Tornado which it operated until 26 February 1994, when the unit was disbanded.[3][5]

The squadron assumed the AEW role upon reformation in April 1996, sharing the RAF's Sentry AEW1 with No. 8 Squadron.[3] The squadron disbanded on 2 October 2009, amalgamating with No 8 Squadron.

Notable squadron members

Douglas Bader was a member of 23 Squadron when he crashed carrying out low level aerobatics, losing his legs in the process. He went on to become one of the highest scoring aces of the RAF in World War II.

Aircraft operated

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Rawlings 1978, p. 58.
  2. ^ a b Lewis 1959, p.22.
  3. ^ a b c d e "RAF - 23 Squadron" Organisation. Royal Air Force. Retrieved 15 November 2008.
  4. ^ http://www.subbrit.org.uk/rsg/sites/w/wattisham/index4.html
  5. ^ Jefford 2001, p. 35.

Bibliography

  • Halley, James J. Famous Fighter Squadrons of the RAF: Volume 1. Windsor, Berkshire, UK: Hylton Lacey Publishers Ltd., 1971. ISBN 0-85064- 100-4.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, C.G. RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
  • Lewis, Peter. Squadron Histories: R.F.C, R.N.A.S and R.A.F., 1912-59. London: Putnam, 1959.
  • Rawlings, John. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd., 1969 (second edition 1976). ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
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