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No. 311 Squadron RAF
RAF311Sq.gif
Active 29 July 1940 - 15 February 1946
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Allegiance Czech Republic Czechoslovakia
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Role Bomber, maritime patrol, transport
Motto (Czech): Na mnozstvi nehledte
("Never regard their numbers")
Equipment Wellingtons, Liberators
Insignia
Squadron badge A tresher and a morning star in saltire, the halfs fracted.
Squadron codes KX (Jul 1940 - Apr 1942)[1]
PP (1945 - Feb 1946)[2]

No. 311 Squadron RAF was a Czechoslovakian-manned bomber squadron of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.

It was first formed at Honington on 29 July 1940[3], equipped with Wellington I bombers and crewed mostly by escaped Czechslovakian aircrew. It was transferred from Bomber Command to Coastal Command in April 1942, and re-equipped with Liberator bombers in June 1943. In June 1945 the squadron was transferred to RAF Transport Command and began flights between the UK and Czechoslovakia[3]. The squadron continued flying from UK bases until it was disbanded in the UK at RAF Milltown on 15 February 1946[4], but since 21 August 1945 actually flew from Prague[5].

Aircraft of this squadron used squadron code letters KX on their Wellingtons, and later PP on their Liberators.[6]

Contents

Commanding officers

From To Name
July 1940 March 1941 W/Cdr. Toman-Mares
March 1941 July 1941 W/Cdr. Josef Schejbal
July 1941 April 1942 W/Cdr. Josef Ocelka, DFC
April 1942 January 1943 W/Cdr. Josef Snajdr, DFC
January 1943 August 1943 W/Cdr. Jindrich Breitcetl, DFC
August 1943 January 1944 W/Cdr. V. Nedved, MBE, DFC
January 1944 August 1944 W/Cdr. J. Sejbl, DFC
August 1944 February 1946 W/Cdr. J. Kostohryz, DSO

Squadron bases

From To Name
29 July 1940 16 September 1940 RAF Honington
16 September 1940 28 April 1942 RAF East Wretham
28 April 1942 12 June 1942 RAF Aldergrove
12 June 1942 26 May 1943 RAF Talbenny
26 May 1943 23 February 1944 RAF Beaulieu
23 February 1944 7 August 1944 RAF Predannack
7 August 1944 6 August 1945 RAF Tain
6 August 1945 21 August 1945 RAF Manston
21 August 1945 15 February 1946 Prague

Aircraft operated

[7]

Dates Aircraft Variant Notes
1940-1943 Vickers Wellington IC Twin-engined medium bomber
1943
1943-1945
1945-1946
Consolidated Liberator IIIA
V
VI
Four-engined heavy bomber

See also

References

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Notes

  1. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 64.
  2. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 83.
  3. ^ a b Halley 1988, p. 362.
  4. ^ Rawlings 1982, p. 199.
  5. ^ Rijnhout & Rennison 1980, p. 92.
  6. ^ Sqn Histories 310-347_P
  7. ^ Jefford 1988, page 85

Bibliography

  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and Rawlings, John D.R. Squadron Codes 1937-56. Bar Hill, Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988.ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Capka, Jo and MacDonald, Kendall. Red Sky at Night, the Story of Jo Capka, DFM. London: Anthony Blond, 1958.
  • Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1964, new edition 1976. ISBN 0-354-01027-1.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Rijnhout, Bart M. Het mysterie van de L 7788. De lotgevallen van een Engelse bommenwerper en zijn Tsjechische bemanning 1940/1944 (in Dutch). Zutphen, the Netherlands: De Walburg Pers, 1979. ISBN 90-6011-185-0.
  • Rijnhout, Bart M. Het mysterie van de L 7788. Oud-bemanning even terug op plek des onheils... (in Dutch). Leidschendam, the Netherlands: House Printing Unit HTM, 1979. No ISBN.
  • Rijnhout, Bart M. and Rennison, John P. The Sky is our Ocean. De rol van het 311(Tsjechisch) R.A.F.-squadron tijdens de tweede wereldoorlog (in Dutch). Rotterdam, the Netherlands: Wyt Uitgeverij, 1980. ISBN 90-60071-41-7.

External links


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