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No. 411 Squadron RCAF
Active 1941-1946
Country Canada
Branch Royal Canadian Air Force
Motto Inimicus Inimico

No. 411 Squadron RCAF was a Second World War Royal Canadian Air Force squadron that operated as part of RAF Fighter Command in Europe with the Supermarine Spitfire. [1]



The squadron was formed on 16 June 1941 at RAF Digby in Lincolnshire, England as an Article XV squadron under the control of the British Royal Air Force.[2] The squadron was equipped with the Supermarine Spitfire and after a period of training the squadron began operations in August 1941 with the Spitfire VB variant.[2] Part of the Hornchurch Wing it operated over continental Europe on Rhubarb sorties and as bomber escorts. After some rest periods the squadron joined the Kenley Wing for more opeations over Europe.

Converting to the Spitfire IX in October 1943 it then became a fighter-bomber squadron. [2] Within two weeks of the D-Day it was operating from France in the close-support role and it also operated armed reconnaissance flights.[2] Following the advancing troops the squadron was soon based in Germany until is was disbanded at Utersen on 21 March 1946.[1][2] 411 Squadron was reformed as a peacetime reserve unit at RCAF Station Downsview Ont. just outside Toronto. It was known as the 'County of York' squadron the county in which Toronto used to be. With Havards as trainers the sqaudron operated DH Vampires then moved on to Sabres made by Canadair in Montreal in the 50s. Eventually moving to a Search and Rescue mode they gave up their jets and operated twin engine Beechcrafts and then single engine Otters. The DHC-3 Otters operated with the RCAF code 'CSR-123' standing for Canadian Search and Rescue Model 123.

Aircraft operated

Dates[1] Aircraft[1] Variant[1] Notes
1941 Supermarine Spitfire I and IIA Single-engined fighter
1941-1943 Supermarine Spitfire VB
1943-1944 Supermarine Spitfire IX
1945 Supermarine Spitfire XVI
1945-1946 Supermarine Spitfire XIV


  1. ^ a b c d e Jefford 1988, page 90
  2. ^ a b c d e Orbis 1985, p 4137



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