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No. 51 Squadron RAF: Wikis


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No. 51 Squadron RAF
51 Squadron RAF.png
Squadron crest
Active 15 May 1916 (RFC) - 13 June 1919
5 March 1937 - 30 October 1950
21 August 1958 - present
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Role Signals Intelligence
Part of No. 2 Group RAF
Base RAF Waddington
Nickname "York's 'own' Squadron"
Motto Swift and Sure
Aircraft 2 Nimrod R1
Battle honours Home Defence, 1916-1918*; Channel & North Sea, 1940-1943; Norway, 1940*; France & Low Countries, 1940*; Ruhr, 1940-1945*; Fortress Europe, 1940-1944*; German Ports, 1940-1945; Invasion Ports, 1940; Biscay Ports, 1940-1944; Berlin, 1940-1944; Baltic, 1940-1944*; Biscay, 1942*; Italy, 1943*; France & Germany, 1944-1945*; Normandy, 1944; Walcheren; Rhine; South Atlantic, 1982; Gulf, 1991; Iraq, 2003; Kosovo.
Honours marked with an asterix* are those emblazoned on the Squadron Standard
Squadron Badge heraldry A goose volant
Squadron Codes UT (Aug 1939 - Sep 1939)
MH (Sep 1939 - May 1945, Dec 1949 - Oct 1950
LK (? - Jan 1944)
('C' Flt which became 578 Sqn)
C6 (Jan 1944 - May 1945)
('C' Flt)
TB (May 1945 - Dec 1949)

No. 51 Squadron of the Royal Air Force operate the Nimrod R1 from RAF Waddington, Lincolnshire.



Formed at Thetford, Norfolk, 51 Squadron Royal Flying Corps flew B.E.2 and B.E.12 aircraft. The squadron's primary role during the First World War was defence of the UK against German Zeppelin raids. It also used the Avro 504K to give night flying training to new pilots. The squadron disbanded in 1919.

The squadron was reborn when part of 150 Squadron was renumbered as 51 Squadron in March 1937, flying Virginias and Ansons. At this time the squadron badge was being chosen and a goose was chosen as a play on words: the squadron was flying the Anson and the Latin for goose is Anser. It was also appropriate for a bomber unit to have a heavy wild fowl to represent it.[1]

51 Squadron dropped leaflets over Germany on the very first night of the Second World War, using the Whitley aircraft; bombs replaced leaflets in early 1940. A brief period as part of Coastal Command patrolling against the U-Boats in the Bay of Biscay preceded the re-equipment with the Halifax in 1942. 51 spent the rest of the war in Europe flying as part of No. 4 Group RAF, RAF Bomber Command's strategic bombing offensive against the Nazis.

The squadron became part of Transport Command with Stirlings and later Yorks following the end of the European war, transporting men and material to India and the far east. The squadron disbanded in 1950, after taking part in the Berlin Airlift.

The squadron again reformed in the 'Special Duties' role when No. 192 Squadron RAF was renumbered at RAF Watton in August 1958, later moving to nearby Wyton. It was only following the end of the Cold War that the signals intelligence role of the squadron was publicly recognised. Signals intelligence encompasses both Electronic Intelligence (Elint) and Communications Intelligence (Comint). The squadron flew this role using de Havilland Comets and English Electric Canberras, the former being replaced by a modified version of the Hawker-Siddeley Nimrod in 1974. Three of the Canberras were retired from service in 1974, with the final Canberra following in 1976.

A move to RAF Waddington occurred in 1995 after RAF Wyton changed its role from an operational flying RAF station. Several of the support organisations, EWOSE (Electronic Warfare Operational Support Establishment) and EWAD (Electronic Warfare and Avionics Detachment), relocated at the same time.

Even though the maritime patrol Nimrod is due to be upgraded to MR.A4 standard, it was initially thought that the R1 would not be replaced, due to the much lower airframe fatigue they have suffered. Recent reports suggest that a replacement is now more likely.

The squadron has taken part in most operations the British armed forces have been involved with in recent years, including the Falklands War, the first Gulf War, operations in Kosovo and the war in Iraq in 2003.

More recently (February 2008) UK press reports suggested that No.51 Squadron had listened in to Taliban insurgents speaking in broad West Yorkshire and West Midlands accents, suggesting that they were British raised, if not British citizens. The Sun inevitably headlined their article "Talibrum".

One of the 3 Nimrods on the strength was retired at the end of November 2009.

Aircraft operated

See also




  1. ^ Moyes 1976, p. 78.


  • Ford, Keith S. Snaith days: Life with 51 Squadron, 1942-45. Warrington, Cheshire, UK: Compaid Graphics, 1993. ISBN 0-95179-651-8.
  • Ford, Keith S. Swift and Sure: Eighty Years of 51 Squadron RAF (York's Own Squadron). Preston, Lancashire, UK: Compaid Graphics, 1997. ISBN 0-95179-658-5.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force and Commonwealth, 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britai (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and Their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1964 (Revised edition 1976). ISBN 0-354-01027-1
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and Their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and Their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1969 (Revised edtion 1976, reprinted 1978). ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
  • Ward, Chris. Royal Air Force Bomber Command Squadron Profiles, Number 16: 51 Squadron - Swift and Sure. Berkshire, UK: Ward Publishing, 1998.

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