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No. 524 Squadron RAF
Active 1943
1944-1945
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force

No. 524 Squadron was a Royal Air Force Coastal Command aircraft squadron that operated during the Second World War.

Contents

History

No. 524 Squadron was formed at Oban in Scotland on 20 October 1943 to operate the Martin Mariner flying boat.[1] The squadron's role was to introduce the Mariner into RAF service.[2] By the end of 1943 the aircraft was ready for operations but the RAF had decided not to operate the type and the squadron was disbanded on 29 January 1944.[1]

The squadron was reformed at RAF Davidstow Moor on 7 April 1944 to operate the Vickers Wellington.[1] The squadron carried out night operations of the French coast in preparation for D-Day, mainly attacking E-boats and submarines but also other shipping.[2] It also provided escort to Coastal Command Beaufighters carrying out night strikes. After the Normandy Invasion the squadron moved to the east of England to RAF Docking in a similar role along the Dutch coast. The squadron also directed surface vessels to attack enemy shipping.[2]

With the end of the war approaching the squadron was disbanded on 25 May 1945 at RAF Langham.[1]

Aircraft operated

[1]

Dates Aircraft Variant Notes
1943 Martin Mariner I Twin-engined maritime patrol aircraft
1944-1945 Vickers Wellington XIII and XIV Twin-engined medium bomber

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Jefford 1988, p 96
  2. ^ a b c Orbis 1985, p 4212

References

  • Jefford, C.G. (1988). RAF Squadrons. Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1 85310 053 6.  
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing.  

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