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No. 600 (City of London) Squadron RAuxAF
Active 14 October 1925 - 21 August 1945
10 May 1946 - 10 March 1957
1 October 1999 - present
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Part of Royal Auxiliary Air Force
Nickname City of London
Motto Latin: Praeter sescentos
("More than six hundred")
Post 1950 Squadron markings RAF 600 sqn.svg
Battle honours Second World War
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldry No 600 is the only squadron in the RAF to have two official badges[1]
In front of an increscent, a sword on bend[2][3]
The crescent moon represents thesquadron's night-fighter activities whilst the sword commemorates the connection with the city of London[4]
The City of London arms, overflown by an eagle
Also known as 'the dust-cart crest'[5]
Squadron Codes MV (Jan 1939 - Sep 1939)
BQ (Sep 1939 - Aug 1943)
6 (Aug 1943 - Jul 1944)
RAG (May 1946 - 1949)
LJ (1949 - Apr 1951)

No. 600 (City of London) Squadron RAuxAF is a squadron of the Royal Auxiliary Air Force. Formed in 1925 as a reserve squadron recruiting from the vicinity of London to supplement the Royal Air Force's strength in time of war, 600 Squadron operated as a night fighter squadron during the Second World War. After the end of the war, it reverted to a reserve squadron, flying day fighters until the Royal Auxiliary Air Forces flying squadrons were disbanded in 1957.

Contents

History

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Formation

No. 600 (City of London) Squadron RAuxAF was formed at RAF Northolt on 14 October 1925 as a unit of the Auxiliary Air Force,[2] equipped with Avro 504 trainers and Airco DH.9A day bombers.[6] It moved to RAF Hendon at the end of 1926, replacing its DH.9As, veterans of the First World War, with more modern Westland Wapitis in 1929.[7] It was designated a fighter squadron in July 1934. On the outbreak of war day and night patrols were flown, experiments with airborne radar beginning in December 1939. When the Germans invaded Holland, the squadron flew patrols over the Low Countries but in view of the inadequacy of Blenheims for daylight operations, 600 Sqn was allocated to night defence only a few days later.

In World War II

In September 1940 the first Bristol Beaufighter was received, conversion being completed early in 1941. In October 1940 the squadron moved to Yorkshire and in March 1941 to south-west England, where it remained until September 1942. In November 1942, 600 Sqn moved to North Africa to provide night cover for Allied bases and shipping. It was transferred to Malta in June 1943, and in September, to Italy where it spent the rest of the war on night defence and intruder missions. Re-equipment with Mosquitoes began in January 1945 and on 21 August 1945 the squadron disbanded, having become the highest scoring night fighter squadron in the RAF.[8]

Post-war

On 10 May 1946, 600 Sqn reformed at RAF Biggin Hill, as a day fighter squadron of the Auxiliary Air Force with Spitfires. It began to recruit during June and received its first operational aircraft in October. After receiving a De Havilland Vampire in October 1949 for jet conversion, it was allotted Meteors in March 1950 and flew these until the Royal Auxiliary Air Force disbanded on 10 March 1957.

Reforming on 1 October 1999 at RAF Northolt from No 1 and No 3 Maritime Headquarters Units, 600 Sqn is now a Headquarters Support Sqn of the RAuxAF, tasked to provide manpower to RAF static and mobile HQ's at home and overseas. Currently 5 "Operational" Flights exist, these being Operations, Intelligence, Communications, Administration and Logistics. Squadron personnel have deployed to Iraq, Afghanistan, the Gulf States and into positions within the UK.

In 2007 the Corporation of the City of London granted 600 Sqn "Privileged Regiment Status", and ancient honour granted to only 8 military formations in the history of the City. 600 Sqn regularly is involved in ceremonial events in London and in November 2007 provided a Guard of Honour to the Lord Mayor on his return to the Mansion House after taking the oath of allegiance at the Royal Courts of justice.

600 (City of London) Squadron RAuxAF continues to recruit and train personnel who live within a 50 mile radius of RAF Northolt. Further information can be found on the RAF Reserves website.

Aircraft operated

From To Aircraft Version
Oct 1925 Oct 1929 Avro 504 K
Oct 1925 Oct 1929 De Havilland DH9 A
Aug 1929 Jan 1935 Westland Wapiti Mk.IIa
Aug 1929 Jan 1935 Avro Tutor
Jan 1935 May 1937 Hawker Hart
Feb 1937 Apr 1939 Hawker Demon
Jan 1939 Oct 1941 Bristol Blenheim Mk.If
Nov 1939 Jun 1940 Bristol Blenheim Mk.IV
Sep 1940 Juen 1941 Bristol Beaufighter Mk.If
Apr 1941 Apr 1942 Bristol Beaufighter Mk.IIf
Mar 1942 Feb 1945 Bristol Beaufighter Mk.VIf
Dec 1944 Aug 1945 De Havilland Mosquito Mk.XIX
Oct 1946 Nov 1947 Supermarine Spitfire F.14e
Apr 1947 Nov 1950 Supermarine Spitfire F.21
Sep 1948 Mar 1950 Supermarine Spitfire F.22
Mar 1950 Apr 1952 Gloster Meteor F.4
Nov 1951 Mar 1957 Gloster Meteor F.8

[3][9][10][11]

Commanding officers

From To Name
Oct 1925 1926 W/Cdr. A.W.H. James, MC
1926 1931 S/Ldr. the Hon. F.E. Guest
1931 Jul 1934 S/Ldr. S.B. Collett
Jul 1934 Jun 1937 S/Ldr. P. Stewart
Jun 1937[12] Dec 1939 S/Ldr. the Viscount Carlow
Dec 1939 May 1940 S/Ldr. J.M. Wells
May 1940 Sep 1940 F/Lt. de B. Clarke
Sep 1940 Nov 1940 S/Ldr. H.L. Maxwell, DSO
Nov 1940 Jan 1941 S/Ldr. C.A. Pritchard[13]
Jan 1941 Dec 1941 W/Cdr. G. Stainforth, AFC
Dec 1941 May 1942 W/Cdr. H.M. Pearson, DFC
May 1942 Nov 1942 W/Cdr. A.G. Miller, DFC, Order of Lenin
Nov 1942 Dec 1942 W/Cdr. J.R. Watson
Dec 1942 Mar 1944 W/Cdr. P. Green, DSO, DFC
Mar 1944 Dec 1944 W/Cdr. L.H. Styles, DFC
Dec 1944 Aug 1945 W/Cdr. A.H. Drummond
Jul 1946 Jul 1948 S/Ldr. T.N. Hayes, DFC
Jul 1948 Aug 1950 S/Ldr. D.E. Proudlove
Aug 1950 Oct 1953 S/Ldr. J.P. Meadows, DFC, AFC
Oct 1953 Mar 1957 S/Ldr. J. McCormack, AFC

[14][15]

Squadron bases

From To Base
14 oct 1925 18 Jan 1927 RAF Northolt
18 Jan 1927 1 Oct 1938 RAF Hendon
1 Oct 1938 3 Oct 1938 RAF Kenley
3 Oct 1938 25 Aug 1939 RAF Hendon
25 Aug 1939 2 Oct 1939 RAF Northolt
2 Oct 1939 16 Oct 1939 RAF Hornchurch (Det. at RAF Manston)
16 Oct 1939 20 Oct 1939 RAF Rochford
20 Oct 1939 27 Dec 1939 RAF Hornchurch
27 Dec 1939 16 May 1940 RAF Manston
16 May 1940 20 Jun 1940 RAF Northolt
20 Jun 1940 22 Aug 1940 RAF Manston
22 Aug 1940 12 Sep 1940 RAF Hornchurch
12 Sep 1940 12 Oct 1940 RAF Redhill
12 Oct 1940 14 Mar 1941 RAF Catterick (Dets. at Drem, Acklington and Prestwick)
14 Mar 1941 27 Apr 1941 RAF Drem (Det. at Prestwick)
27 Apr 1941 18 Jun 1941 RAF Colerne
18 Jun 1941 27 Jun 1941 RAF Fairwood Common (Det. at Predannack)
27 Jun 1941 6 Oct 1941 RAF Colerne (Det. at Predannack)
6 Oct 1941 2 Sep 1942 RAF Predannack
2 Sep 1942 14 Nov 1942 RAF Church Fenton
14 Nov 1942 18 Nov 1942 RAF Portreath
18 Nov 1942 7 Dec 1942 Blida (Algeria)
7 Dec 1942 3 Jan 1943 Maison Blanche (Algeria)
3 Jan 1943 25 Jun 1943 Setif (Algeria), Dets. at Souk-el-Khemis, 'Paddington' (Tunesia), Bone (Tunesia), Tingley (Algeria), Monastir (Tunesia)
25 Jun 1943 26 Jul 1943 Luqa (Malta)
26 Jul 1943 30 Sep 1943 Cassibile (Sicily)
30 Sep 1943 2 Feb 1944 Montecorvino (Dets. at Brindisi, Tortella, Gaudo and Lago
2 Feb 1944 22 Mar 1944 Marcianese
22 Mar 1944 1 Apr 1944 Pomigliano
1 Apr 1944 13 Jun 1944 Marcianese
13 Jun 1944 19 Jun 1944 La Banca
19 Jun 1944 5 Jul 1944 Voltone
5 Jul 1944 29 Jul 1944 Follonica
29 Jul 1944 25 Aug 1944 Rosignano (Det. at Falconaro)
25 Aug 1944 15 Dec 1944 Falconaro (Dets at Rosignano, Iesi and Bellaria)
15 Dec 1944 24 May 1945 Cesenatico
24 May 1945 26 Jul 1945 Campoformido
26 Jul 1945 21 Aug 1945 Aviano
10 May 1946 10 Mar 1957 RAF Biggin Hill

[3][9][16][17]

References

Notes

  1. ^ :http://www.rafweb.org/Sqn600-604.htm
  2. ^ a b RAF-600 Squadron. Royal Air Force. Retrieved 27 March 2009.
  3. ^ a b c Halley 1988, p. 416.
  4. ^ Rawlings 1978, p. 468.
  5. ^ Hunt 1972, p. 66.
  6. ^ Yoxall 1949, p. 579.
  7. ^ Yoxall 1949,p. 580.
  8. ^ No. 600 (City of London) Squadron RAuxAF. Royal Air Force Reserves. Royal Air Force. Retrieved 27 March 2009.
  9. ^ a b Jefford 2001, p. 99
  10. ^ Onderwater 1997, p. 424.
  11. ^ Rawlings 1978, pp. 470-472.
  12. ^ Hunt 1972, p. 46.
  13. ^ Hunt 1972, p. 52.
  14. ^ Onderwater 1997, p. 423.
  15. ^ Rawlings 1978, p. 472.
  16. ^ Onderwater 1997, p. 425.
  17. ^ Rawlings 1978, pp. 469-470.

Bibliography

  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1981-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Hunt, Leslie. Twenty-one Squadrons: History of the Royal Auxiliary Air Force, 1925-57. London: Garnstone Press, 1972. ISBN 0-85511-110-0. (New edition in 1992 by Crécy Publishing, ISBN 0-94755-426-2.)
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Onderwater, Hans. Gentlemen in Blue: the History of No. 600 (City of London) Squadron Royal Auxiliary Air Force and No. 600 (City of London) Squadron Association, 1925-1995. London: Pen & Sword Books Ltd, 1997. ISBN 0-85052-575-6.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1978. ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
  • Robinson, Anthony. RAF Squadrons in the Battle of Britain. London: Arms and Armour Press Ltd., 1987 (republished 1999 by Brockhampton Press, ISBN 1-86019-907-0.).
  • Yoxall, John "The Queen's Squadron: A History of No. 600 Squadron, Royal Auxiliary Air Force". Flight, 3 November 1949. pp. 585-592.

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