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No. 683 Squadron RAF
Active 8 Feb 1943 - 21 Sep 1945
1 Aug 1950 - 30 Nov 1953
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Role photo-reconnaissance squadron
Motto Latin: Nihil Nos Latet
("Nothing remains concealed")
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldry In front of a mullet of six points, a telescope in bend[1]

No. 683 Squadron RAF was a photo-reconnaissance squadron of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.

Contents

History

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Formation and World War II

683 squadron was formed out of 'B' Flight of No. 69 Squadron on 8 February 1943[1][2][3] at RAF Luqa on Malta, as a photo-reconnaissance squadron operating the Spitfire fighter. The squadron added the Mosquito VI to its strength in May 1943, but they were only operated for a month. The squadron was involved in photo-reconnaissance mission over Sicily and Italy and later over Yugoslavia.

The squadron moved to San Severo in Italy and continued in support of the US 5th Army. As the war continued it was involved in both tactical and strategic reconnaissance, and was involved survey flight across southern Europe. In September 1944, the squadron re-equipped with Spitfire PR.XIX photo-reconnaissance aircraft. Detachments from the squadron were based at a wide range of bases all across the Italian theatre of operations, with the squadron finally disbanding on 22 September 1945 at San Severo, Italy.

Post war

The squadron was re-formed on 1 November 1950 at Fayid, Egypt with the Avro Lancaster PR.1 and the Vickers Valetta C.1. It was tasked with survey and mapping over Arabia and East Africa. In January 1952 the squadron moved to RAF Khormaksar, Aden to cover both Aden and Somaliland. Another move to RAF Habbaniya, Iraq allowed the squadron to survey and map the Persian Gulf. With the survey and mapping role completed the squadron was disbanded at Habbaniya on 30 November 1953.[1][2][3]

Aircraft operated

From To Aircraft Version
Feb 1943 Jul 1943 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IV
Feb 1943 Mar 1943 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IX
Apr 1943 Sep 1945 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.XI
May 1943 Jun 1943 De Havilland Mosquito Mks.IV & VI
Sep 1944 Sep 1945 Supermarine Spitfire PR.XIX
Nov 1950 Nov 1953 Avro Lancaster PR.1
Nov 1950 Nov 1953 Vickers Valetta C.1

[1][2][3]

Commanding officers

From To Name
Feb 1943 Oct 1943 W/Cdr. A. Warburton, DSO and Bar, DFC and Bar
Oct 1943 Aug 1944 S/Ldr. H.S. Smith, DFC
Aug 1944 Apr 1945 S/Ldr. R.T. Turton, DFC
Apr 1945 Sep 1945 S/Ldr. E.R. Pearson, DFC
Nov 1950 1952 S/Ldr. I.D.N. Lawson
1952 Nov 1953 S/Ldr. N.N. Ezekiel

[1]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Rawlings 1982, p. 246.
  2. ^ a b c Halley 1988, p. 455.
  3. ^ a b c Jefford 2001, p. 105.

Bibliography

  • Bowman, Martin. Mosquito Photo-Reconnaissance Units of World War 2. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 1999. ISBN 1-85532-891-4.
  • Bowyer, Chaz. Mosquito Squadrons of the Royal Air Force. London: Ian Allan Ltd., 1984. ISBN 0-71101425-6.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918-88. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.

External links

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