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No. 691 Squadron RAF
Active 1 December 1943 - 11 February 1949
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Type Inactive
Role Anti-aircraft cooperation
Motto Latin: Volamus Ut Serviamus
("We fly to serve")[1]
Squadron Badge In front of a sword and anchor in saltire, a popinjay[1]
Squadron Codes 5S (Dec 1943 - Feb 1949)[2][3]

No. 691 Squadron RAF was a squadron of the Royal Air Force from 1943 to 1949.



The squadron was formed on 1 December 1943 at RNAS Roborough from 1623 Flight[1]. It was tasked with anti-aircraft co-operation duties in the Plymouth area operating a variety of aircraft in this role. Most of the work was to fly as training targets for Royal Navy ships. The squadron moved a number of times from the end of the war to RAF Exeter, RAF Weston Zoyland, RAF Fairwood Common, and finally to RAF Chivenor. Its existence ended there when it was renumbered to No. 17 Squadron RAF on 11 February 1949.

Aircraft operated

From To Aircraft Version Notes
Dec 1943 Mar 1945 Fairey Barracuda Mk.II
Dec 1943 Apr 1945 Boulton Paul Defiant Mks.I & II
Dec 1943 Mar 1944 Hawker Hurricane Mk.I
Dec 1943 Feb 1949 Airspeed Oxford Mks. I & II
Mar 1944 Apr 1945 Hawker Hurricane Mk.IIc
Apr 1945 May 1947 Vultee Vengeance Mk.IV
Jul 1945 Aug 1945 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.Vb
Aug 1945 Feb 1949 Miles Martinet
Aug 1945 Feb 1949 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.XVI
Nov 1945 Feb 1949 North American Harvard Mk.IIb


Squadron bases

From To Name Remark
1 dec 1943 21 Feb 1945 RNAS Roborough Formed here
21 Feb 1945 1 Aug 1945 RAF Harrowbeer
1 Aug 1945 31 Jan 1946 RAF Exeter
31 Jan 1946 4 Oct 1946 RAF Fairwood Common
Jul 1946 4 Oct 1946 RAF Weston Zoyland Detachment
4 Oct 1946 11 Feb 1949 RAF Chivenor Disbanded here


See also




  1. ^ a b c d e Halley 1988, p. 457.
  2. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, pp. 95-96.
  3. ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, pp. 57, 146 and 233
  4. ^ a b Rawlings 1982, p. 258.
  5. ^ a b Jefford 2001, p. 105.


  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937-56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918-88. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.

External links

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