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No. 692 (Fellowship of the Bellows) Squadron RAF
692Sqn.jpg
Official crest of No. 692 Squadron RAF
Active 1 January 1944 - 20 September 1945
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Role Light Bomber Squadron
Part of RAF Bomber Command
Nickname Fellowship of the Bellows
Motto Latin: Polus Dum Sidera Pascet
("So long as the sky shall feed the stars")[1]
Aircraft De Havilland Mosquito
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldry In front of a pair of wings conjoined in base, a dagger, point downwards[2]
Squadron Codes P3 (Jan 1944 - Jun 1945)[3][4][5]

No. 692 Squadron RAF was a bomber squadron of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.

Contents

History

The squadron was formed on 1 January 1944 at RAF Graveley as a light bomber unit[2], equipped with Mosquito IV bombers, as part of the Light Night Striking Force of No. 8 Group RAF in Bomber Command. It requipped with the Mosquito XVI bombers in March 1944. It was the first squadron to carry 4,000 lb bombs in Mosquitos[1], used in an attack on Düsseldorf.[6] The squadron was also the first mosquito unit to carry out minelaying operations.[6] Most operations were at low level including one mission when the squadron dropped 4,000 lb bombs into the mouth of tunnels in the Ardennes.[1] At the end of the war the squadron was disbanded on 20 September 1945 at RAF Gransden Lodge.[2]

The squadron had carried out 3,237 operational sorties for the loss of 17 aircraft.[7]

Aircraft operated

From To Aircraft Version
Jan 1944 Jun 1944 De Havilland Mosquito Mk.IV
Mar 1944 Sep 1945 De Havilland Mosquito Mk.XIV

[1][2][8]

Commanding officers

From To Name
Jan 1944 Mar 1944 W/Cdr. W.G. Lockhart, DSO, DFC
Mar 1944 Jul 1944 W/Cdr. S.D. Watts, DFC
Jul 1944 Sep 1945 W/Cdr. J. Northrop, DFC, AFC

[9]

Squadron bases

From To Name Remark
1 Jan 1944 4 Jun 1944 RAF Graveley Formed here
4 Jun 1944 20 Sep 1945 RAF Gransden Lodge Disbanded here

[1][2][8]

See also

References

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Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Moyes 1976, pp. 291-292.
  2. ^ a b c d e Halley 1988, p. 457.
  3. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 84.
  4. ^ Bowyer 1984, p. 142.
  5. ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 96.
  6. ^ a b Bowyer 1984, p. 132.
  7. ^ Falconer 2003, page 257
  8. ^ a b Jefford 2001, p. 106.
  9. ^ Bowyer 1984, p. 135.

Bibliography

  • Bowman, Martin. Mosquito Bomber/Fighter-Bomber Units, 1942–45. Botley, Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 1997. ISBN 978-1-85532-690-3.
  • Bowyer, Chaz. Mosquito Squadrons of the Royal Air Force. Shepperton, Surrey, UK: Ian Allan Ltd., 1984. ISBN 0-7110-1425-6.
  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937-56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • J Falconer, Bomber Command Handbook 1939-1945, 2003, Sutton Publishing, Stroud, England, ISBN 0 7509 3171 X.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force and Commonwealth, 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd). RAF Squadrons: A Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of All RAF Squadrons and Their Antecedents Since 1912, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988. ISBN 1-853100-536-1. (second revised edition 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.)
  • Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's, 1964 (2nd edition 1976). ISBN 0-354-01027-1.

External links

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