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No. 91 (Nigeria) Squadron RAF
91Squadron badge
Official Squadron Badge of 91 (Nigeria) Squadron RAF
Active (RFC) 1 September 1917 - 3 July 1919
(RAF) 11 Janaury 1941 - 31 January 1947
5 September 1944 - 1 April 1946
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Role Fighter Command
Motto We Seek Alone
Aircraft Dolphin
Spitfire
Meteor
Battle honours World War II
• Europe
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldry In front of a fountain two triangles interlaced.
Squadron Codes HQ allocated April 1939 - September 1939
DL January 1941 - January 1947

No. 91 (Nigeria) Squadron was a squadron of the RFC and RAF.

Contents

History

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In World War I

No. 91 was formed on 1 September 1917 at Spittlegate where it was engaged in wireless telegraphy training. On 4 July 1918, it was re-designated a fighter Squadron and began to receive Dolphins but did not become operational before the end of the war and was disbanded on 3 July 1919.

In World War II

On 11 January 1941, No. 421 (Reconnaissance) Flight was renumbered No. 91 with Spitfires at Hawkinge. By summer it had become a normal single-seat fighter Squadron, undertaking shipping patrols and weather reconnaissance to which were later added air-sea rescue sweeps until the new ASR Squadrons could undertake these in their own aircraft. In April 1943, the Squadron moved to the Midlands to convert to Spitfire XIIs, returning south the next month to take part in sweeps over northern France. In March 1944 the Squadron joined 2nd Tactical Air Force and flew armed reconnaissance sweeps over the approaches to the invasion area in Normandy. Soon after D-Day, flying-bomb attacks began and No.91 was engaged in destroying these until August 1944. In September it began flying long-range escort missions for day bombers and in April 1945, moved to East Anglia to carry out armed reconnaissance missions over the Netherlands and searches for midget submarines off the coast of Holland and Belgium.

Post War

Based at Duxford after the end of the war, the Squadron converted to Meteors in October 1946, which it flew until renumbered No. 92 Squadron on 31 January 1947.


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