Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Awarded for Outstanding contributions in Physiology or Medicine
Presented by Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Country Sweden
First awarded 1901
Official Website http://nobelprize.org
Front side of an award medal in physiology or medicine.
.The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Swedish: Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin) is awarded once a year by the Swedish Karolinska Institute.^ This nobel prize awarded to Obama is a joke.
  • Morning Bell: The Nobel Intentions Prize | The Foundry: Conservative Policy News. 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC blog.heritage.org [Source type: News]

^ The Nobel Committee has to award the prize to someone.
  • Conservatives, Critics Blast Obama’s Nobel Peace Prize | The Plum Line 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC theplumline.whorunsgov.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Awarding the Nobel prize to Obama, is debatable.
  • Jonathan Kay: Giving Barack Obama the Nobel peace prize is ridiculous - Full Comment 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC network.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895, awarded for outstanding contributions in Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace, and Physiology or Medicine since 1901. The first Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded in 1901 to the German physiologist Emil Adolf von Behring, "for his work on serum therapy, especially its application against diphtheria, by which he has opened a new road in the domain of biological science and thereby placed in the hands of the physician a victorious weapon against illness and deaths." This award is administered by the Nobel Foundation and widely regarded as the most prestigious award that a scientist can receive in these fields. .It is presented in Stockholm at an annual ceremony on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death.^ The Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony takes place on 10 December in Oslo, Norway, where the Nobel Laureates receive their Nobel Prize, which consists of a Nobel Medal and Diploma, and a document confirming the prize amount.
  • Obama Wins the Nobel Peace Prize? 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Barack Obama wins Nobel Peace Prize cartoon | Wonkie CartOOns 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.wonkie.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Even mainstream media stunned, skeptical over Nobel Peace prize 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]
  • Obama Awarded Nobel Peace Prize 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.floppingaces.net [Source type: General]

^ Unlike the prize award ceremony in Stockholm, it is the Chairman of the Nobel Committee, and not the King, who presents the diploma and the medal.
  • Latest conservative attack on Obama Nobel: Prize is "unconstitutional" | Media Matters for America 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Barack..smoooooth as a baby's bottom Says: December 14th, 2009 at 10:15 am will the nobel peace loving war monger sign the $1.1 trillion budget?
  • Norwegians Rally for Ron Paul, Oppose Obama Nobel Peace Prize 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."The highlight of the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony in Stockholm is when each Nobel Laureate steps forward to receive the prize from the hands of His Majesty the King of Sweden.^ The Nobel Committee has to award the prize to someone.
  • Conservatives, Critics Blast Obama’s Nobel Peace Prize | The Plum Line 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC theplumline.whorunsgov.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Awarding the Nobel prize to Obama, is debatable.
  • Jonathan Kay: Giving Barack Obama the Nobel peace prize is ridiculous - Full Comment 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC network.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Nobel Prize is a joke award so it’s fitting it goes to the king Joker.
  • Obama Wins the Nobel Peace Prize? 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

... Under the eyes of a watching world, the Nobel Laureate receives three things: a diploma, a medal and a document confirming the prize amount".[1]
.In 2009 the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak of the United States "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"; they share the prize amount of 10,000,000 SEK (slightly more than 1 million, or US$1.4 million).^ The ESPYs are now a more prestigious award than the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • A Nobel Prize Only Andrew Sullivan Could Love - Dan_McLaughlin’s blog - RedState 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.redstate.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Product results for: nobel prize 2009 .
  • Nobel prize 2009 - surchur 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC surchur.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But, he is still the president of the United States and he still received the Nobel Peace Prize----Get over it!
  • Obama Nobel Peace Prize premature. An award Obama did not seek - Lynn Sweet 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC blogs.suntimes.com [Source type: News]

The front side of "The medal of the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute" provides the same profile of Alfred Nobel depicted on the medals for Physics, Chemistry, and Literature; its reverse side "represents the Genius of Medicine holding an open book in her lap, collecting the water pouring out from a rock in order to quench a sick girl's thirst".[2]

Contents

Nomination and selection

.A maximum of three Nobel Laureates and two different works may be selected for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.^ Only difference is that Carter had to work for his Nobel Prize.
  • Obama Awarded Nobel Peace Prize 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.floppingaces.net [Source type: General]

^ December – Nobel Laureates receive their prize.
  • Obama Wins the Nobel Peace Prize? 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Even mainstream media stunned, skeptical over Nobel Peace prize 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]
  • President Obama Wins Nobel Peace Prize - Gothamist 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Obama Awarded Nobel Peace Prize 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.floppingaces.net [Source type: General]

^ The Committee which selects the Nobel laureates, have a rull.
  • Post User Polls: Obama's Nobel Prize - Hal Straus 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC views.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

[3]
.These Nobel Laureates are decided upon by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, a body of 50 professors of the Karolinska Institute.^ The Nobel Committee is the working body of the Nobel Assembly."
  • Latest conservative attack on Obama Nobel: Prize is "unconstitutional" | Media Matters for America 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's the Swedish Academny of Sciences (and the Karolinska Institute, for the Physiology/Medicine prize), plus faculty members from the Scandanavian countries, past laureates in that field, and others that the Nobel committee "may otherwise see fit to approach."
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Imagine That -- We're Trying To Execute a Nobel Peace/Literature Prize Nominee! 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The other Nobel Prizes were to be awarded by Swedish bodies (Swedish Academy, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Karolinska Institutet) that already existed, whereas the responsibility for the Peace Prize was given to the Norwegian Parliament,[4] specifically “a committee of five persons to be elected” by it.
  • Waking up to a joke: Obama wins Nobel Peace Prize [Darleen Click] 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC proteinwisdom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The working body of the Assembly involved in screening candidates is a Nobel Committee that consists of five members elected by the Nobel Assembly.^ "The five-member Nobel commission is elected by the Storting, the parliament of Norway.
  • Latest conservative attack on Obama Nobel: Prize is "unconstitutional" | Media Matters for America 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Member of the Nobel Committee since 1994.
  • Norway Info - Articles - The Nobel Peace Price 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.cyberclip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Valle, the Nobel Committee member.
  • Reid: Obama won Nobel Peace Prize with 'new type of politics' - Friday, Oct. 9, 2009 | 2:15 a.m. - Las Vegas Sun 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.lasvegassun.com [Source type: General]

[4]In its first stage, several thousand people are asked to nominate candidates. .These names are scrutinized and discussed by experts until only the winners remain.^ He was only in office for two weeks when they named him the winner....what did he do in two weeks except spend a lot of money that was not his to spend.
  • Post User Polls: Obama's Nobel Prize - Hal Straus 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC views.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ President Obama's name had not figured in speculation about the likely winner until minutes before the prize was announced here.
  • President Obama Wins the Nobel Peace Prize - The Daily Hurricane 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC dailyhurricane.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Forms, which amount to a personal and exclusive invitation, are sent to about three thousand selected individuals to invite them to submit nominations.^ Gore was jointly nominated by three individuals.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Coming soon: Nobel Peace Prize winner Al Gore 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]

^ The Committee invites qualified individuals to send nominating letters to the Committee.
  • President Obama Wins Nobel Peace Prize - Gothamist 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nomination Each year, the Norwegian Nobel Committee specifically invites qualified people to submit nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Barack Obama wins Nobel Peace Prize cartoon | Wonkie CartOOns 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.wonkie.com [Source type: Original source]

.The names of the nominees are never publicly announced, and neither are they told that they have been considered for the Prize.^ Have they announced the Krugman Prize this year?
  • Reason Morning Links: Obama Wins Nobel Peace Prize, FHA May Need Bailout, Gay Marriage Battle in D.C. - Hit & Run : Reason Magazine 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If politicians should very rarely be considered for this prize, then how comes the name of Mr. Obama?
  • And the other Nobel Peace Prize nominees were... - World Politics, World - The Independent 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The award should be re-named the Nobel P*ss Prize since it’s only used to pee on those they don’t like.
  • Obama Awarded Nobel Peace Prize 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.floppingaces.net [Source type: General]

.Nomination records are sealed for fifty years.^ I now have motivaton to live for at least 50 more years until the seal is lifted from the committee records and I will be able to know once and for all who was foolish enough to make the nomination.
  • Huck PAC - Blogs - President Obama's Nobel Peace Prize 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.huckpac.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There were a record 205 nominations for this year's prize.
  • Riehl World View: Update - BBC Call: NO FREAKIN' WAY!: Obama Wins 2009 Nobel Peace Prize 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.riehlworldview.com [Source type: General]

^ The Nobel committee received a record 205 nominations for this year's prize; it is not known who nominated Obama.
  • FOXNews.com - Obama 'Surprised and Deeply Humbled' by Nobel Peace Prize 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.foxnews.com [Source type: News]

.In practice some nominees do become known.^ Over time many individuals have become known as "Nobel Peace Prize Nominees", but this designation has no official standing [4] .
  • Nobel Peace Prize - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is also common for publicists to make such a claim, founded or not.
.The nominations are screened by committee, and a list is produced of approximately two hundred preliminary candidates.^ It came down to two candidates for the committee.
  • Reaction: Obama Wins Nobel Peace Prize | 44 | washingtonpost.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Norwegian Nobel committee has no other person suitable in the current list for their contribution toward world peace, it is completely two different international issues.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Does Obama deserve Nobel Peace Prize? « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Please, remember that when Obama came to office, there were only two weeks left to summit candidates to the Nobel committee.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Does Obama deserve Nobel Peace Prize? « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

This list is forwarded to selected experts in the field. .They remove all but approximately fifteen names.^ Suggest removal "May they all DIAF" means, Dems in a fix?
  • Reid: Obama won Nobel Peace Prize with 'new type of politics' - Friday, Oct. 9, 2009 | 2:15 a.m. - Las Vegas Sun 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.lasvegassun.com [Source type: General]

^ They all have something in common; I find a significant number of hits when googling the name of the candidate with the party (?
  • Obama's won the Nobel Peace – WTF?! – Telegraph Blogs 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ I think they all need to be replaced or the name of the silly contest be changed to “Most Popular Liberal”.
  • Live Blog: Cartoonists Respond to Obama’s Nobel Prize Win | Cartoon News 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC blog.cagle.com [Source type: General]

.The committee submits a report with recommendations to the appropriate institution.^ Oct 9th, 2009 at 6:57 pm Report comment “The Nobel Peace Prize committee is as meaningless an institution as the United Nations…” .
  • Obama's won the Nobel Peace – WTF?! – Telegraph Blogs 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

.While posthumous nominations are not permitted, awards can occur if the individual died in the months between the nomination and the decision of the prize committee.^ The Nobel Committee has to award the prize to someone.
  • Conservatives, Critics Blast Obama’s Nobel Peace Prize | The Plum Line 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC theplumline.whorunsgov.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The prize was awarded to an individual not a nation, people.
  • Obama Awarded 2009 Nobel Peace Prize, Chinese Reactions | chinaSMACK 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC www.chinasmack.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The prize for 1961 was awarded posthumously to: .
  • Norway Info - Articles - The Nobel Peace Price 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.cyberclip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Award

.The Nobel Prize in Physiology consists of a gold medallion (the Nobel Prize Medal for Physiology or Medicine), a diploma, and a monetary grant.^ The laureate - chosen by a five-member committee - wins a gold medal, a diploma and 10m Swedish kronor ($1.4m).
  • Riehl World View: Update - BBC Call: NO FREAKIN' WAY!: Obama Wins 2009 Nobel Peace Prize 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.riehlworldview.com [Source type: General]

^ Under the eyes of a watching world, the Nobel Laureate receives three things: a diploma, a medal and a document confirming the prize amount" ("What the Nobel Laureates Receive").
  • Nobel Peace Prize - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The greater prestige comes with the Nobels for physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine as these can be objectively measured by peer experts, and literature (the letter has about as much relevance as the Peace Medal but at least it keeps the arty farties happy).
  • Did Obama Deserve the Nobel Peace Prize? 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: General]

[3] .The Nobel Prize Medals, which have been minted in Sweden since 1902, are registered trademarks of the Nobel Foundation.^ Unlike the prize award ceremony in Stockholm, it is the Chairman of the Nobel Committee, and not the King, who presents the diploma and the medal.
  • Latest conservative attack on Obama Nobel: Prize is "unconstitutional" | Media Matters for America 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Nobel Foundation bought into the idea and lists it on their website along with all the other prizes.
  • The Nobel Effin Prize in Economics | Mother Jones 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

^ In a major surprise, President Obama has been awarded the Nobel Peace prize , making him the first sitting American president to win the prize since Woodrow Wilson in 1919.
  • President Obama Wins Nobel Peace Prize - Gothamist 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Their engraved designs are internationally-recognized symbols of the prestige of the Nobel Prize.^ So much for the prestige of the Nobel Prize.
  • Obama wins Nobel Peace Prize at Larvatus Prodeo 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC larvatusprodeo.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Unlike the other Nobel Prizes, which recognize completed scientific or literary accomplishment, the Nobel Peace Prize may be awarded to persons or organizations that are in the process of resolving a conflict or creating peace.
  • Reaction: Obama Wins Nobel Peace Prize | 44 | washingtonpost.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]
  • Nobel Peace Prize - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Conservatives, Critics Blast Obama’s Nobel Peace Prize | The Plum Line 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC theplumline.whorunsgov.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Liz Cheney on Obama's Nobel Peace Prize - POLITICO Live - POLITICO.com 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

^ But I think the appropriate response is when anybody wins a Nobel Prize that is a very noteworthy development and designation and I think the appropriate response is to say 'Congratulations."
  • Reaction: Obama Wins Nobel Peace Prize | 44 | washingtonpost.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.The front side (obverse) of the Nobel Prize Medals for Physics, Chemistry, Literature, and Physiology or Medicine (for the "Swedish Prizes") features the same engraved profile of Alfred Nobel with his name abbreviated as "Alfr.^ There's a Nobel Prize for physics and one for medicine too.
  • THE FALLOUT FROM THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE - Nealz Nuze on boortz.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC boortz.com [Source type: News]

^ The other four prizes for physics, chemistry, literature and medicine, are given out by four Swedish institutions, according to the wish of Alfred Nobel.
  • And the other Nobel Peace Prize nominees were... - World Politics, World - The Independent 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ He established 5 prize categories, namely the areas of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and peace.
  • Daily Kos: Misunderstanding Obama's Nobel Peace Prize 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nobel" to the left of his profile and the dates of his birth and death to the right of it (in capital letters and Roman numerals).^ The bigger issue here is how the left-wing global elite is manipulating Obama from the United Nations to the Nobel committee to capitals in Europe, and that's exactly what this award is.
  • Our President is a Laughingstock: Obama Awarded Nobel Peace Prize 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.rushlimbaugh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death and ceremonies are held on that date both in Stockholm and in Oslo.
  • Norway Info - Articles - The Nobel Peace Price 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.cyberclip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 10 day spoken of by the liberal media was the deadline, not the date the Nobel Prize committee actually received the letter of nomination.
  • Yahoo! Answers » Blog Archive » Ask Mike: The Nobel Peace Prize 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC yanswersblog.com [Source type: General]

[3]
.The grant is currently approximately 10 million SEK, slightly more than 1 million (US$1.6 million or £0.8 million ).^ The list includes Mahatma Gandhi, Corazon Aquino, Pope John XXIII, Pope John Paul II, Dorothy Day, César Chávez, Oscar Romero, Jose Figueres Ferrer, Steve Biko, Raphael Lemkin, Abdul Sattar Edhi and Irena Sendler Prize money: The grant is currently 10 million SEK, slightly more than US$1.4 million.
  • Huck PAC - Blogs - President Obama's Nobel Peace Prize 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.huckpac.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the rest of the western world evidently appreciates his work more than the fault- finders in the U.S.A. And he's giving the $1.5 million to charity.
  • t r u t h o u t | Nobel Prize for Promises? 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.truthout.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Obama has done nothing to deserve this prize and it being awarded is more about the previous POTUS than the current one.
  • Obama's Nobel Farce - The Daily Beast 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.thedailybeast.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3][5] .The Winner in 2009 Elizabeth H. Blackburn has US and Australian citizenship.^ October 9th, 2009 at 8:43 am Nobel Prize Winner Elizabeth Blackburn Was An Outspoken Opponent Of Bush’s Politicization Of Science .
  • If You Needed Proof The Nobel Peace Prize Is A Joke »Blogs For Victory 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC blogsforvictory.com [Source type: General]

^ In 2009, researchers Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol Greider and Jack Szostak were awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine for their ongoing studies of telomeres and the enzyme telomerase.
  • Nobel prize 2009 - surchur 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC surchur.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Comment posted on October 12th, 2009 at 4:24 am by Keith As an Australian, I have to agree with the above posts in regards to the US image, Bush vs Obama.
  • Yahoo! Answers » Blog Archive » Ask Mike: The Nobel Peace Prize 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC yanswersblog.com [Source type: General]

She was born in 1948 in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. .After undergraduate studies at the University of Melbourne, she received her PhD in 1975 from the University of Cambridge, England, and was a postdoctoral researcher at Yale University, New Haven, USA. She was on the faculty at the University of California, Berkeley, and since 1990 has been professor of biology and physiology at the University of California, San Francisco.^ University rectors; professors of social sciences, history, philosophy, law and theology; directors of peace research institutes and foreign policy institutes; 4.
  • Barack Obama wins Nobel Peace Prize cartoon | Wonkie CartOOns 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.wonkie.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Beneficial CO2 molecule nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize | GORE LIED 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC algorelied.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Credit/Blame Bush for Obama’s Nobel Peace Prize 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC www.floppingaces.net [Source type: General]
  • Nobel Peace Prize Awarded To President Obama! : Delaware Liberal 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC www.delawareliberal.net [Source type: General]

^ Professor Jean-Marc Vanden-Broeck of the University of East Anglia, England, and Belgium, for calculating how to make a teapot spout that does not drip .
  • Improbable Research 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC improbable.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Improbable Research 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC www.improb.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Improbable Research » Page not found 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC improbable.com [Source type: Academic]

^ PHYSICS Robert Matthews of Aston University, England, for his studies of Murphy's Law , and especially for demonstrating that toast often falls on the buttered side .
  • Improbable Research 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC improbable.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Improbable Research 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC www.improb.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Improbable Research » Page not found 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC improbable.com [Source type: Academic]

.Carol W. Greider is a US citizen and was born in 1961 in San Diego, California, USA. She studied at the University of California in Santa Barbara and in Berkeley, where she obtained her PhD in 1987 with Blackburn as her supervisor.^ In 2009, researchers Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol Greider and Jack Szostak were awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine for their ongoing studies of telomeres and the enzyme telomerase.
  • Nobel prize 2009 - surchur 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC surchur.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Elizabeth Blackburn from the University of California, San Francisco, Jack Szostak from Harvard Medical School and Carol Greider from Johns Hopkins University all share this year's Nobel prize for medicine for 2009.
  • Nobel prize 2009 - surchur 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC surchur.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ James Madison wrote the Constitution and used “natural born citizen” to refer to a person born to a US citizen mother and US citizen father.
  • Reaction: Obama Wins Nobel Peace Prize | 44 | washingtonpost.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC voices.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

After postdoctoral research at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, she was appointed professor in the department of molecular biology and genetics at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore in 1997.
Jade W. Szostak is a US citizen. He was born in 1952 in London, UK and grew up in Canada. .He studied at McGill University in Montreal and at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, where he received his PhD in 1977. He has been at Harvard Medical School since 1979 and is currently professor of genetics at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.^ Peter Beinart Info Peter Beinart, senior political writer for The Daily Beast, is an associate professor of journalism and political science at City University of New York and a senior fellow at the New America Foundation.
  • Nobel Peace Prize - The Daily Beast 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.thedailybeast.com [Source type: General]

^ Info RSS Peter Beinart, senior political writer for The Daily Beast, is associate professor of journalism and political science at City University of New York and a senior fellow at the New America Foundation.
  • Obama's Nobel Farce - The Daily Beast 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.thedailybeast.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PHYSICS: L. Mahadevan of Harvard University, USA, and Enrique Cerda Villablanca of Universidad de Santiago de Chile, for studying how sheets become wrinkled.
  • Improbable Research 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC improbable.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Improbable Research 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC www.improb.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Improbable Research » Page not found 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC improbable.com [Source type: Academic]

He is also affiliated with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

The Nobel Award Ceremony

.The committee and institution serving as the selection board for the prize typically announce the names of the laureates in October.^ The names of the Nobel Peace Prize Laureates are then announced.
  • Obama Wins the Nobel Peace Prize? 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • BARACK OBAMA WINS NOBEL PEACE PRIZE 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.businessinsider.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Barack Obama wins Nobel Peace Prize cartoon | Wonkie CartOOns 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.wonkie.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Even mainstream media stunned, skeptical over Nobel Peace prize 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]
  • President Obama Wins Nobel Peace Prize - Gothamist 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC gothamist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Obama Awarded Nobel Peace Prize 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.floppingaces.net [Source type: General]

^ The Committee which selects the Nobel laureates, have a rull.
  • Post User Polls: Obama's Nobel Prize - Hal Straus 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC views.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ It's the Swedish Academny of Sciences (and the Karolinska Institute, for the Physiology/Medicine prize), plus faculty members from the Scandanavian countries, past laureates in that field, and others that the Nobel committee "may otherwise see fit to approach."
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Imagine That -- We're Trying To Execute a Nobel Peace/Literature Prize Nominee! 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

.The prize is then awarded at formal ceremonies held annually on December 10, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death.^ This is the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death and ceremonies are held on that date both in Stockholm and in Oslo.
  • Norway Info - Articles - The Nobel Peace Price 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.cyberclip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nobel; Committee befpre the prizes are distributed on December 10.
  • New Statesman - Obama wins the Nobel Peace Prize. Is this a joke? 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.newstatesman.com [Source type: News]

^ This nobel prize awarded to Obama is a joke.
  • Morning Bell: The Nobel Intentions Prize | The Foundry: Conservative Policy News. 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC blog.heritage.org [Source type: News]

."The highlight of the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony in Stockholm is when each Nobel Laureate steps forward to receive the prize from the hands of His Majesty the King of Sweden.^ This nobel prize awarded to Obama is a joke.
  • Morning Bell: The Nobel Intentions Prize | The Foundry: Conservative Policy News. 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC blog.heritage.org [Source type: News]

^ Awarding the Nobel prize to Obama, is debatable.
  • Jonathan Kay: Giving Barack Obama the Nobel peace prize is ridiculous - Full Comment 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC network.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Nobel Prize is a joke award so it’s fitting it goes to the king Joker.
  • Obama Wins the Nobel Peace Prize? 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

... Under the eyes of a watching world, the Nobel Laureate receives three things: a diploma, a medal and a document confirming the prize amount".[3]
.The Nobel Banquet is the banquet that is held every year in Stockholm City Hall in connection with the Nobel Prize.^ Years with multiple motivations for a Nobel Prize.
  • Nobel Peace Prize - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I do not think that he deserves the Nobel prize this year.
  • Post User Polls: Obama's Nobel Prize - Hal Straus 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC views.washingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ For the past decade, the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony at the Oslo City Hall has been followed the next day by the Nobel Peace Prize Concert , which is broadcast to over 150 countries and more than 450 million households around the world.
  • Nobel Peace Prize - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3][5]

Laureates

See Also

References

External links


Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

.Welcome to the Wikiversity learning project for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.^ It's the Swedish Academny of Sciences (and the Karolinska Institute, for the Physiology/Medicine prize), plus faculty members from the Scandanavian countries, past laureates in that field, and others that the Nobel committee "may otherwise see fit to approach."
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Imagine That -- We're Trying To Execute a Nobel Peace/Literature Prize Nominee! 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This would use the interest accruing from his legacy to finance a prize for physics, chemistry, physiology/medicine, literature, and peace.
  • Nobel Peace Prize – Dictionary definition of Nobel Peace Prize | Encyclopedia.com: FREE online dictionary 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In 2009, researchers Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol Greider and Jack Szostak were awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine for their ongoing studies of telomeres and the enzyme telomerase.
  • Nobel prize 2009 - surchur 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC surchur.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Participants in this learning project explore the science and practical applications for each year's Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.^ The Nobel Peace Prize has been devalued this year.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Does Obama deserve Nobel Peace Prize? « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Years with multiple motivations for a Nobel Prize.
  • Nobel Peace Prize - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nobel Prize For Chromosome Find This year's Nobel prize for medicine goes to three US-based researchers who discovered how the body protects the chromosomes housing vital genetic code.

.The Wikipedia articles about topics related to each Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine tens to be very technical descriptions of the underlying science.^ His very own Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Latest conservative attack on Obama Nobel: Prize is "unconstitutional" | Media Matters for America 10 January 2010 14:42 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nobel prize is not about the USA it's about the world.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Does Obama deserve Nobel Peace Prize? « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Research topic: Nobel Prize .
  • Nobel Peace Prize – Dictionary definition of Nobel Peace Prize | Encyclopedia.com: FREE online dictionary 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

The goal of this learning project is to complement the Wikipedia articles in two ways. The first goal is to provide a user-friendly introduction to the topic. .This means creating learning resources for people who would normally be unable to understand a technical Wikipedia article on the topic.^ I don't think there would be many candidates among the people who are considered "important".
  • Congratulations President Obama on the Nobel Peace Prize -- Now Please Earn it! | CommonDreams.org 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ A man who tries to strengthen the values of diplomacy again and understanding between peoples.
  • Connect the World: Blog Archive - Does Obama deserve Nobel Peace Prize? « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC connecttheworld.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A gun in every home (ala Switzerland) means that people would be less likely to rob other people, knowing that they are armed/ready to fight back.
  • Kojima on Obama Nobel Peace Prize | GamePolitics 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

.These user-friendly introductions might particularly focus on the practical medical implications behind Nobel Prize-winning scientific research.^ A stunning win with the Nobel prize.
  • Obama Nobel Peace Prize premature. An award Obama did not seek - Lynn Sweet 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC blogs.suntimes.com [Source type: News]

^ Obama wins the Nobel Prize!
  • Nobel Peace Prize: Gandhi never won it: The Swamp 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.swamppolitics.com [Source type: General]

^ These are the Nobel prizes.
  • Nobel peace prize - Page 5 - LinuxQuestions.org 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.linuxquestions.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The second goal is to provide learning resources that allow interested university students to explore the science behind each awarded Nobel Prize in more detail than is possible with the related Wikipedia article.^ The ESPYs are now a more prestigious award than the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • A Nobel Prize Only Andrew Sullivan Could Love - Dan_McLaughlin’s blog - RedState 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.redstate.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If he succeeds, he will deserve much more than Nobel Prize.
  • Nobel Prize | emporiagazette.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.emporiagazette.com [Source type: Original source]

^ More on Obama's Nobel peace prize .
  • Barack Obama's Nobel prize: why now? | World news | guardian.co.uk 24 January 2010 15:015 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

By year

See also


Simple English

File:Alfred
Alfred Nobel

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is one of many Nobel Prizes which were created by Alfred Nobel. This award is given by the Karolinska Institutet, which is a major medical center in Sweden. The Prize is given out every year to a person or persons who have done excellent work in the area of medicine (treating or stopping disease) and physiology (the way the body works).

Contents

Nobel Prize winners

1901-1910

[[File:|thumb|200px|right|Santiago Ramón y Cajal, 1906]]

1911-1919

File:Allvar Gullstrand
Allvar Gullstrand, 1911

1920-1929

File:Fredrick
Frederick Banting, 1923

1930-1939

File:1000 Schilling Karl Landsteiner
Karl Landsteiner, on an Austrian banknote

1940-1949

[[File:|thumb|200px|right|Alexander Fleming, 1945]]

1950-1959

File:Selman Waksman
Selman Waksman, 1952

1960-1969

  • 1960 - Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australia, and Peter Brian Medawar, United Kingdom, for finding out how the body's immunity to things can change.[51]
  • 1961 - Georg von Békésy, United States, for his discoveries about the cochlea"[52]
  • 1962 - Francis Harry Compton Crick, United Kingdom, James Dewey Watson, United States, and Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins, New Zealand, for finding the structure of nucleic acids and its importance in moving information in living things[53]
  • 1963 - Sir John Carew Eccles, Australia, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, United Kingdom, and Andrew Fielding Huxley, United Kingdom, for their discoveries about nerve cell membrane[54]
  • 1964 - Konrad Bloch, United States, and Feodor Lynen, Federal Republic of Germany, for finding out how cholesterol and fatty acid work in the body[55]
  • 1965 - François Jacob, André Lwoff, and Jacques Monod, France, for finding out how genes control control viruses [56]
  • 1966 - Peyton Rous, United States, for his discovery that viruses can cause tumours[57]
  • 1966 - Charles Brenton Huggins, United States, for using hormonal treatment of prostatic cancer[57]
  • 1967 - Ragnar Granit, Sweden, Haldan Keffer Hartline, and George Wald, United States, for their discoveries about how the eye works[58]
  • 1968 - Robert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana, and Marshall W. Nirenberg, United States, for their understanding of the genetic code and its role in protein synthesis[59]
  • 1969 - Max Delbrück, Alfred D. Hershey, and Salvador E. Luria, United States, for finding how viruses reproduce[60]

1970-1979

[[File:|thumb|200px|right|David Baltimore, 1975]]

  • 1970 - Julius Axelrod, Ulf von Euler, Sweden, and Sir Bernard Katz, United Kingdom, for finding out about transmittors in the nerve terminals and how they work[61]
  • 1971 - Earl W. Sutherland, Jr., United States, for his discoveries about hormones[62]
  • 1972 - Gerald M. Edelman, United States, and Rodney R. Porter, United Kingdom, for finding out the chemical structure of antibodies[63]
  • 1973 - Karl von Frisch, Federal Republic of Germany, Konrad Lorenz, Austria, and Nikolaas Tinbergen, United Kingdom, for their discoveries about individual and social behaviour patterns[64]
  • 1974 - Albert Claude, Christian de Duve, Belgium, and George E. Palade, United States, for their discoveries about cells[65]
  • 1975 - David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco, and Howard Martin Temin, United States, for finding what happens when tumour causing viruses infect normal cells.[66]
  • 1976 - Baruch S. Blumberg and D. Carleton Gajdusek, United States, for their discoveries about the beginnings and spreading of infectious diseases[67]
  • 1977 - Roger Guillemin, Andrew W. Schally, United States, for their discoveries about how the brain makes peptide hormone[68]
  • 1977 - Rosalyn Yalow, United States, for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones[68]
  • 1978 - Werner Arber, Switzerland, Daniel Nathans, United States, and Hamilton O. Smith, United States for finding restriction enzymes and their use in molecular genetics"[69]
  • 1979 - Allan M. Cormack, United States, and Godfrey N. Hounsfield, United Kingdom, for the development of computer assisted tomography[70]

1980-1989

  • 1980 - Baruj Benacerraf, United States, Jean Dausset, France, and George D. Snell, United States, for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that control immunological reactions[71]
  • 1981 - Roger W. Sperry, United States, for finding out the role of the cerebral hemispheres of the brain[72]
  • 1981 - David H. Hubel, United States, and Torsten N. Wiesel, Sweden, for their discoveries about information processing in the visual system"[72]
  • 1982 - Sune K. Bergström, Bengt I. Samuelsson, Sweden, and John R. Vane, United Kingdom, for their discoveries about prostaglandins.[73]
  • 1983 - Barbara McClintock, United States, for her discovery of mobile genetic elements[74]
  • 1984 - Niels K. Jerne, Denmark, Georges J.F. Köhler, Federal Republic of Germany, César Milstein, Argentina and the United Kingdom, for theories about the development and control of the immune system and the discovery of monoclonal antibodies are made[75]
  • 1985 - Michael S. Brown, and Joseph L. Goldstein, United States, for finding out how cholesterol is controlled[76]
  • 1986 - Stanley Cohen, United States, and Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italy and the United States, for their discoveries of growth factors[77]
  • 1987 - Susumu Tonegawa, Japan, for his discovery how the genes make different antibodies[78]
  • 1988 - Sir James W. Black, United Kingdom, Gertrude B. Elion, and George H. Hitchings, United States, for finding important rules for drug treatment[79]
  • 1989 - J. Michael Bishop and Harold E. Varmus, United States, found how disturbing a large family of genes that control the normal growth and division of cells, can cause normal cells to change into cancer cells.[80]

1990-1999

File:Ferid
Ferid Murad, 1998
  • 1990 - Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnall Thomas, United States, for their discoveries about organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of disease"[81]
  • 1991 - Erwin Neher and Bert Sakmann, Federal Republic of Germany, for finding what single ion channels do in cells[82]
  • 1992 - Edmond H. Fischer, Switzerland and the United States, and Edwin G. Krebs, United States, for finding reversible protein phosphorylation as a biological control mechanism[83]
  • 1993 - Richard J. Roberts, United Kingdom, and Phillip A. Sharp, United States, for their discoveries of split genes[84]
  • 1994 - Alfred G. Gilman, and Martin Rodbell, United States, for finding G-proteins and the role of these proteins in signal transduction in cells[85]
  • 1995 - Edward B. Lewis, United States, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Federal Republic of Germany, and Eric F. Wieschaus, United States, for finding how embryonic development is changed by genes[86]
  • 1996 - Peter C. Doherty, Australia, and Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Switzerland, for finding how the immune system knows which cells are virus-infected[87]
  • 1997 - Stanley B. Prusiner, United States, for his discovery of Prions, proteins that make people sick[88]
  • 1998 - Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro and Ferid Murad, United States, for finding how nitric oxide works as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system[89]
  • 1999 - Günter Blobel, United States, for the discovery that proteins have built-in signals that control their transport and localization in the cell[90]

2000-2009

File:LucMontagnier1995
Luc Montagnier, 2008

2010

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