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For other uses see Noble
Nobility is a state-privileged status which is generally hereditary. Titles of nobility are usually associated with present or former monarchies. .The term originally referred to those who were "known" or "notable" and was applied to the highest social class in pre-modern societies.^ Although the novels of Justinian are the best known, and when the word novels only is mentioned, those of Justinian are always intended, he was not the first who gave the name of novels to his constitution and laws.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Stupid are those Australians who are keen to "honour our origins", having no understanding of the history of our nation.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A great work, too, will have been accomplished by them.’ Great, yes, but not the greatest; for man is a social being, and can only attain his highest development in the society which is best suited to him.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the feudal system (in Europe and elsewhere), the nobility were generally those who held a fief, often land or office, under vassalage, i.e., in exchange for allegiance and various, mainly military, services to the Monarch and at lower levels to another nobleman.^ THE WORLD IS NOT OVERPOPULATED. It is simply over corrupted and it’s those who are corrupt who want the reductions, not to the betterment of mankind but to further consolodate power through a technocratic system of control.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Testa de Nevill lists knights who held land from the king in Hertfordshire, dated to [1204/12]: " comitissa de Leicestria " held " Wares " [328] .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ And those who express their independence & national identity by proclaimimg love & fidelity to a foreign monarch.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It rapidly came to be seen as a hereditary caste, sometimes associated with a right to bear a hereditary title and, for example in pre-revolutionary France, enjoying fiscal and other privileges.^ Following the example of the 1923 constitution, women's equality and most of the other rights recognized in the 1964 constitution, including the right to liberty, property, freedom of speech and association, education, and employment, could be limited by provisions of the law.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ "The Government called for women to enjoy freedom, to dress as they please, work in the civil service, armed forces and other institutions and enjoy other equal rights."
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For example, when a man's lands are surrounded by those of others, so that he cannot enjoy them without trespassing on his neighbors.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

While noble status formerly conferred significant privileges, today, in most Western countries, noble status is a purely honorary dignity. .In the United Kingdom, where some peerage titles, until recently, guaranteed a seat in the Upper House of the Parliament, there are still some residual privileges.^ The constitution of the United States provides that no state shall " grant any title of nobility; and no person can become a citizen ot' the United States until he has renounced all titles of nobility."
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are now some 3,000 Italian soldiers in Afghanistan performing a variety of services which enables the United States and NATO to engage in their bloody warfare.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There still remain to be considered some points which have been intentionally reserved to the end: (I) the Janus-like character of the Republic, which presents two faces—one an Hellenic state, the other a kingdom of philosophers.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Nobility is a historical, social and often legal notion, distinct from socio-economic status which is mainly based on income and possessions.^ Howard Gleckman of the Urban Institute , an economics and social policy think tank, sees the IRS’ proposed new role as a part of a historical pattern.

.Being wealthy or influential does not automatically make one a noble, nor are all nobles wealthy and influential (aristocratic families have lost their fortunes in various ways, and the concept of the 'poor nobleman' is almost as old as nobility itself).^ He will make one family out of all the families of the state.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Do you think we could start a campaign where we all contribute our frequent flyer miles to buy him a one way ticket somewhere?
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even if they were "politically allowed to do so," how could people who have to spend their lives working in this way be able to make informed decisions about all this?
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

Countries without a feudal tradition do not have a nobility as such.
.Various republics, including the United States, Mexico, and Italy have expressly abolished the granting and/or use of titles of nobility - although the latter two did so formerly.^ Old Hickory” did his best to rid the United States from the death grip that the international bankers were beginning to exert on this country.

^ The same dynamic is being created in the United States, where the vast majority of people are clamoring for real change, while those in the two-party system are using all means available to keep their rotten system in place.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite all these victories, the police state did suffered one setback during the last two months.

.Although many societies have a privileged 'upper class' with great wealth and power, the status is not necessarily hereditary and does not entail a separate legal status, or different forms of address.^ But Mao insisted, very correctly, that if you do it that way, you are just going to polarize the society the same way it was before, or in slightly different forms but essentially the same.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But if you deal with them as many, and give the wealth or power or persons of the one to the others, you will always have a great many friends and not many enemies.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Primitive society offered many examples of land held in common, either by a tribe or by a township, and such may probably have been the original form of landed tenure.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Western nobility

European nobility originated from the feudal/seignorial system that arose in Europe during the Middle Ages. .Originally, knights or nobles were mounted warriors who swore allegiance to their sovereign and promised to fight for him in exchange for an allocation of land (usually together with serfs living there).^ Now there are occasions on which the governors and the governed meet together,—at festivals, on a journey, voyaging or fighting.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I would rather be a serf on the land of a poor and portionless man than rule over all the dead who have come to nought 1 .’ .
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Who gives a damn one way or another about who gets married, who lives together, or what kind of sex they are having?
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

.During the time period known as the Military Revolution, nobles gradually lost their role of raising and commanding private armies, as many nations created cohesive national armies.^ Araki served as Minister of Education from 1938 to 1939 during which time he integrated militaristic ideals and fascism into the national education system.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Under pressure from the U.S. and other nations, Northern Alliance commanders and other Afghan military factions agreed to participate in U.N.-sponsored talks held in Bonn, Germany.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite their many abuses, no comprehensive effort to disarm these private armies is underway, or perhaps even possible, in either country.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

.This was coupled with a loss of the social-economic power of the nobility, owing to the economic changes of the Renaissance and the growing economic importance of the merchant classes (or bourgeoisie), which increased still further during the Industrial Revolution.^ It would bring with it economic accumulation and the possibility to provide social services to citizens, so that they could become capable of administering further political liberties in the future.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

.In countries where the nobility was the dominant class, the bourgeoisie gradually grew in power; a rich city merchant was more influential than a minor rural nobleman.^ When a country is going through a civil war or has internal tensions escalating, a dictatorship can resolve this conflicts in a more definite way than in democracies.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It appears that, at any one time, there were no more than a dozen or so different nobles who are named in contemporary documentation with the title " dux " or ealdorman.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And what will a man such as he is be likely to do under such circumstances, especially if he be a citizen of a great city, rich and noble, and a tall proper youth?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, in many countries at this time, the nobility retained great social and political importance; for instance, the UK's government was dominated by the nobility until the middle of the 19th century and thereafter the powers of the nobility were progressively reduced by legislation (see Reform of the House of Lords).^ Araki embraced Bushido (“The Way of the Warrior”) and permitted officers to wear swords for the first time since the samurai rebellions of the 19th century.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Taking on centuries-old customs, Amir Amnullah Khan introduced ambitious legislative reforms improving Afghan women's rights.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In our own age even Utopias affect the spirit of legislation, and an abstract idea may exercise a great influence on practical politics.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

The nobility of a person might be either inherited or earned. .Nobility in its most general and strict sense is an acknowledged preeminence that is hereditary: i.e., legitimate descendants (or all male descendants, in some societies) of nobles are nobles, unless explicitly stripped of the privilege.^ He is desirous of humanizing the wars of Hellenes against one another; he acknowledges that the Delphian God is the grand hereditary interpreter of all Hellas.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps most importantly, it provided that in Afghan courts of justice, "all disputes and cases will be decided in accordance with the principles of Sharia and of general civil and criminal laws."
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This is because the militant groups are all children of various intelligence agencies, most of them working under contract for the CIA, knowingly or not, at some point.

In this respect, nobility is distinguished from the peerage: the latter can be passed to only a single member of the family. .The terms aristocrat and aristocracy are a less formal means to refer to persons belonging to this social milieu.^ For example, the term ‘greater’ is simply relative to ‘less,’ and knowledge refers to a subject of knowledge.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Those lacking a distinct title, such as junior siblings of peers (and perhaps even the children of 'self-made' VIPs) may be considered aristocrats, moving within a small social circle at the apex of a hierarchical social pyramid.^ This could not have been done without strong leadership bent on pushing such policies, perhaps even to the point of employing coercion against opponents”.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The old debt is extinguished by the new one con- tracted in its stead; a novation may be made in three different ways, which form three distinct kinds of novations.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Check out the stats they may surprise even your liberal self.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
.In France, influential high bourgeois, most particularly the members of the parlements (courts of justice), obtained noble titles from the king.^ Swearing in minsietrs could be done by the Chief Justice of the High Court and opening parliament could be done by the Seaker of the House of Representatives.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps most importantly, it provided that in Afghan courts of justice, "all disputes and cases will be decided in accordance with the principles of Sharia and of general civil and criminal laws."
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The king of France captured the castle of Aumle in 1196, and gave the title to Renaud de Dammartin Comte de Boulogne in Dec 1204.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

The old nobility of military origin, the noblesse d'épée ("nobility of the sword") became increasingly irritated by this newer noblesse de robe ("nobility of the gown"). .In the last years of the ancien régime, before the French Revolution, the old nobility, intent on keeping its privileges, had pushed for restrictions of certain offices and orders of chivalry to noblemen who could demonstrate that their family had enough "noble quarterings" (in French, 'quartiers de noblesse'), a reference to a noble's ability to display armorially their descents from armigerous noble forebears in each of their lines of descent to demonstrate that they were descended from old noble families, who bore arms that could be quartered with their own male line arms, and thus prove that they did not derive merely from bourgeois families recently elevated to noble rank (although historians such as William Doyle have disputed this so-called 'Aristocratic Reaction'. (W. Doyle, Essays on Eighteenth Century France, London, 1995).^ The only examples are Armand de Mortain, of the family of the Comtes d'Eu (see Chapter 9) who was ancestor of the Conti di Montescaglioso (extinct in the male line in the mid-12th century, see SICILY/NAPLES NOBILITY), and the various members of the Grantmesnil family (see Chapter 2.E) who left no traceable male descents in southern Italy after the first generation.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ Either they arm the multitude, and then they are more afraid of them than of the enemy; or, if they do not call them out in the hour of battle, they are oligarchs indeed, few to fight as they are few to rule.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Kerrebrouck [1672] refers to the claim by the family d'Artois of Artois (extinct in the male line in 1885) to descend from this possible illegitimate son of Charles d'Artois Comte d'Eu.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

.A noble could be asked to provide proof of noble antecedents by showing a genealogy displaying seize quartiers (sixteen quarterings) or even trente-deux quartiers (thirty-two quartering) indicating noble descent on all bloodlines back five generations (to great-great grandparents) or six generations (great-great-great grandparents), respectively.^ And let us ask and answer in turn, first going back to the 490 description of the gentle and noble nature.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The sphere of the intelligible will also have two divisions,—one of mathematics, in which there is no ascent but all is descent; no inquiring into premises, but only drawing of inferences.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And really, it didn't work out in the same way as the Soviet policy in relation to World War 2 did, even with all the very great problems with that.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.This illustrates the traditional link in many countries between heraldry and nobility; in those countries where heraldry is used, nobles have almost always been armigerous, and have used heraldry to demonstrate their ancestry and family history.^ We know also that changes in the traditions of a country cannot be made in a day; and are therefore tolerant of many things which science and criticism would condemn.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reconstruction of the families of, and relationships between, Anglo-Saxon nobility of non-royal lineage presents considerable challenges.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, it is important to note that heraldry has never been restricted to the noble classes in most countries, and being armigerous does not necessarily demonstrate nobility.^ Consistency and Definitions: One of the most important aspects of the debate is making the appropriate definitions and being consistent with them.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, it seems equally unlikely that King Harold II would not have publicised a noble descent, if he had one, to demonstrate his suitability to accede to the throne in early 1066.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Still, most rural Afghans never heard of the constitutional process underway in their country until it was already over.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

A noted opinion of Innes of Learney, makes an observation of the system in use in Scotland, and notes the differences there from many other European traditions given that all legal armorial bearings, which are entered in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland, by warrant of the Lord Lyon King of Arms, are by statute "Ensigns of Nobility". However, this opinion is challenged by scholars [1]
.Nobles typically commanded resources, such as food, money, or labor, from common members or nobles of lower rank of their societies, and could exercise religious or political power over them.^ But you can see that when you have a society like this one, a capitalist society, how can you have a political process that actually gives power to everybody equally?
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I know, I said, that such was your position; but what I would further consider is, whether this power which is possessed by the superior state can exist or be exercised without justice or only with justice.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The governor shall be chosen by the qualified voters for the members of the house of commons, at such time and places as members of the general assembly are elected.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

Also, typically, but not necessarily, nobles were entitled to land property, which was often reflected in the title. For example, the title Earl of Chesterfield tells about property, while the title Earl Cairns was created for a surname. .However all the above is not universal; quite often nobility was associated only with social respect and certain social privileges.^ Jerry, with all due respect….please go away and only come back when you are awakened….otherwise you WONT grasp whats going on.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is the question of are we really going to transform society so that in every respect, not only economically but socially, politically, ideologically and culturally, it really is superior to capitalist society.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Yes, I replied, but in this high argument you should be a little more certain, and should not conjecture only; for of all questions, this respecting good and evil is the greatest.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.An example of the latter would be early 20th-century Polish nobility (szlachta) after their political, economic, judicial and religious privileges were abolished in 1921 and they remained only landed proprietors on the same legal basis as their landed-commoner neighbours.^ They can differ on the magnitude of the governing clique, the military or civil nature of the authority, economic liberties granted for citizens, legality of political associations, legal framework, etc.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In other words, they would have land and rights to go with it.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This was decisively proven in Europe in the early 20th century.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

.In the modern age, the notion of inherited nobility with special rights has become, in the Western World, increasingly seen as irrelevant to the modern way of life.^ And that is being charitable.That is also why even the best of them are becoming superannuated and increasingly irrelevant.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ And on the twelfth day, as he was lying on the funeral pile, he returned to life and told them what he had seen in the other world.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On the twelfth day he was placed on the funeral pyre and there he came to life again, and told what he had seen in the world below.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The founding fathers of the United States rejected anything that could have helped in recreating a nobility; the French Revolution abolished the nobility and its special privileges (though some nobility titles would be recreated by Napoleon I and III, they were mostly honorific).^ Take the quality of passion or spirit;—it would be ridiculous to imagine that this quality, when found in States, is not derived from the individuals who are supposed to possess it, e.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The nobility of Paris and environs could have made their way here hoping for a safe haven as the Revolution Francaise was getting into gear and then we would have had a better lifestyle long ere this.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Subversive” is what Washington would label an organization like DAI if they behaved in the same way in the United States in behalf of a foreign government.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

.A list of noble titles for different European countries can be found at Royal and noble ranks.^ The characteristics of sex vary greatly in different countries and ranks of society, and at different ages in the same individuals.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.To learn how to properly address holders of these titles, see Royal and noble styles.^ We have to do it by learning how to work with and learn from and synthesize what people in these spheres are bringing forward, and then win them over, particularly the advanced, to that synthesis, and unite with them to win and influence the broader ranks of people, while continuing to learn from them.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But you can see how all these illusions continually reassert themselves.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.Some con artists also sell fake titles of nobility, often with impressive-looking documents to back them up.^ There were some attempts, backed up by the federal troops who remained in the South for ten years after the Civil War, to implement programs like this.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Marx had written about this, summing up some of the important lessons of the Paris Commune, emphasizing that this is what the dictatorship of the proletariat looks like in reality.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Supply me with some evidence that backs up your statement and why it might be relevant and I’ll give you more than sarcasm.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.These may be illegal, depending on local law.^ But as with many other aspects of the constitution, whether and to what extent religious minorities will be protected depends on what the "provisions of law" limiting religious freedom may be.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

.They are more often illegal in countries that actually have nobilities:such as European monarchies.^ Either these so-called sons of gods were not the sons of gods, or they were not such as the poets imagine them, any more than the gods themselves are the authors of evil.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Whatever we may think of such speculations, we can hardly deny that they have been more rife in this generation than in any other; and whither they are tending, who can predict?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is to be expected that advances in physiology and psychology will give governments much more control over individual mentality than they now have even in totalitarian countries.

.In the U.S., such commerce would be a form of fraud, but it would only victimize the buyer of the supposed titles and would not threaten an established class of nobles with enforceable titles.^ How he would have filled up the sketch, or argued about such questions from a higher point of view, we can only conjecture.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I know, I said, that such was your position; but what I would further consider is, whether this power which is possessed by the superior state can exist or be exercised without justice or only with justice.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Probably only in States prepared by Dorian institutions would such a league have been possible.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

"Blue" blood

.Blue blood is an English idiom recorded since 1834 for noble birth or descent; it is a translation of the Spanish phrase sangre azul, which described the Spanish royal family and other high nobility who claimed to be of Visigothic descent[2], in contrast to the Moors.^ Snorre names " Skule, a son of Earl Toste, who since has been called the king's foster-son, and his brother Ketil Krokof high family in England " when recording that they accompanied Olav King of Norway [449] , the context suggesting that he and his brother were at least young adults at the time.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I've had a deep-seated resentment of the royal family ever since I started reading history as a teenager.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When a man cannot measure, and a great many others who cannot measure declare that he is four cubits high, can he help believing what they say?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is likely that the idiom originates from ancient and medieval societies of Europe and distinguishes an upper class (whose superficial veins appeared blue through their untanned skin) from a working class of the time; mainly agricultural peasants who spent most of their time working outdoors and thus had tanned skin (through which superficial veins appear less prominently).^ The working class who also get a share.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ BeHereSoon Says: July 12th, 2009 at 6:44 am A rather interesting amount of time appears to be spent reading the articles and the posts by those who seem to think this is all just a bunch of “hooey”.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a good deal of ingenuity and even originality in this work, and a most enlightened spirit pervades it.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.An alternative traditional explanation, argyria (a disease causing a blue-grey skin tone after digestion of silver), is considered less valid, as table silverware was not yet regularly used by much of the nobility.^ And yet there is a worse stage of the same disease—when men have learned to take a pleasure and pride in the twists and turns of the law; not considering how much better it would be for them so to order their lives as to have no need of a nodding justice.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When their ability to learn has been affected, we will create medicine that will make them sicker and cause other diseases for which we will create yet more medicine.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These then, I said, must be banished; even to women who have a character to maintain they are of no use, and much less to men.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

Another explanation has also been put forward: methemoglobinemia, caused by in-breeding.
Robert Lacey explains the genesis of the blue blood concept:
It was the Spaniards who gave the world the notion that an aristocrat's blood is not red but blue. .The Spanish nobility started taking shape around the ninth century in classic military fashion, occupying land as warriors on horseback.^ His uncontested leadership managed to take the necessary step to maintain a unified Spain, survive a blockade, and start the so called "Spanish Miracle".
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

.They were to continue the process for more than five hundred years, clawing back sections of the peninsula from its Moorish occupiers, and a nobleman demonstrated his pedigree by holding up his sword arm to display the filigree of blue-blooded veins beneath his pale skin—proof that his birth had not been contaminated by the dark-skinned enemy.^ More than 50 years now it is.

^ There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior court of common pleas in each of the counties in this state after the terms of the judges of said court now in office shall terminate.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Either they arm the multitude, and then they are more afraid of them than of the enemy; or, if they do not call them out in the hour of battle, they are oligarchs indeed, few to fight as they are few to rule.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

(Robert Lacey, Aristocrats. Little, Brown and Company, 1983, p. 67)

Nobility in Eastern countries

Aristocrat from Bandoeng with his servant, Dutch East Indies, 1870s.
Medieval Japan developed a feudal system similar to the European system, where land was held in exchange for military service. .The daimyo class, or hereditary landowning nobles, had great social and political power.^ You can think of other oppressive social relations as well, including in the sphere of politics and relations of political power in society.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.Like their European counterparts, they commanded private armies made up of samurai, an elite warrior class; for long periods, these held real power without a real central government and often plunged the country into a state of civil war.^ It's not easy to do that without giving up power.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ States are like men, because they are made up of men.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That's not what they like to talk about these days, but that was the reality and truth of it.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.Although there are differences, the daimyo class can be compared to European peers, and the samurai to European knights, but with important differences, such as the distinction between the European code of chivalry and the Japanese code of bushido.^ There is a difference between nonfeasance and misfeasance, (q.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And, as knowledge corresponded to being and ignorance of necessity to not-being, for that intermediate between being and not-being there has to be discovered a corresponding intermediate between ignorance and knowledge, if there be such?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There will be no distinction between beauty and ugliness.

These feudal titles and ranks were abolished in Japan with the Meiji Restoration of 1868 and replaced by the kazoku, a five-rank peerage system after the British example which granted seats in the upper house of the Imperial Diet, but this too was abolished in 1947, following Japan's defeat in World War II.
.Many other non-Western nations have had noble or aristocratic classes of various kinds: these are so diverse that it is somewhat misleading to try to translate them all into western feudal terminology.^ Many other elements enter into a speculation of this kind.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And the kinds of knowledge in a State are many and diverse?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And you can break all these things down into different levels.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

For the feudal hierarchy on the Indian subcontinent, see princely state.
.In some Islamic countries, there are no definite nobility titles, but the closest to that are given the title Syed or Sayyid.^ The constitution of the United States provides that no state shall " grant any title of nobility; and no person can become a citizen ot' the United States until he has renounced all titles of nobility."
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The country is then no longer Australia, but some corrupted version that attempts to appease everyone.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It appears that, at any one time, there were no more than a dozen or so different nobles who are named in contemporary documentation with the title " dux " or ealdorman.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This exclusive title, given only to certain descendants, literally means, 'Sir' or 'Lord'. There are no special rights concerning the title: they are considered more religious than the general population, and many people come to them for first-hand religious questions.^ But obviously the question is more complicated than that.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One is not able to betray more than a handful of unimportant people.

^ There is no question about it.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

In Iran, the nobility titles are Mirza, Khan, ed-Dowleh, Shahzada, and so forth. .These titles do not exist in the present day.^ The superficial study of philosophy which exists in the present day.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.An aristocratic family is now recognized by family name (often derived from the post held by their ancestors, considering the fact that family names in Iran only appeared in the beginning of the 20th century).^ The time when all the big trusts were forming at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century?
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These, he said, and none other; for what can be more ridiculous than for them to utter the names of family ties with the lips only and not to act in the spirit of them?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The freedom of choice to kill was only the beginning of the loss of freedom and now the road to tyranny is has maped as we witness from Holden’s ideas.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

In East Asia the system was often modelled on imperial China, the leading culture, where the emperor conferred degrees of nobility, which were not permanent but decreased a rank each generation. .Descendants of the Emperor formed the highest class of Ancient Chinese nobility, status based on ranks of the Empress or concubine (as the Emperor was polygamous), and numerous titles such as Taizi (Prince, Princess) were designated.^ There is no such thing as a king, queen, prince or princess.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Due to the complex shifts in dynastic rules, a succession of rules was introduced.
.China had a feudal system in the Shang and Zhou dynasties, but the system gave way to a more bureaucratic system beginning in the Qin dynasty (221 BC).^ But more fundamental is that there is a way this system works, and if you don't act in accordance with that, you will be chewed up and spit out by that system.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

This continued through the Song Dynasty.
.Dynasties established by the minority non-Han rulers via violent conquest in the later years disrupted this ancient system of social class within Han society, to conform to a racist and ethnic policy, where variously, the Mongols and the Manchus were accorded higher "genteel" status over the Han majority that they controlled.^ We say instead that they shouldn't be persecuted because they control better the variables that cause development, like health and education.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although they have tried to oppose the control with consequences of such a regime they have not engaged in the analysis of the latter in the development of a society, especially with the material put forward by Venezuela.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I would have thought that after being around for over 200 years, and having a stable system of govt for over 100 years, established trade and diplomatic relations that we may well have alreday done that.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the Qing dynasty, many titles have been corrupted through abuse and perversion of the origin Qin system.^ THE WORLD IS NOT OVERPOPULATED. It is simply over corrupted and it’s those who are corrupt who want the reductions, not to the betterment of mankind but to further consolodate power through a technocratic system of control.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.Titles of nobility were still granted by the emperor, but served merely as honorifics based on a loose system of favors to the Qing emperor and Manchu interests: under a centralized system, governance in the empire was the responsibility of the Confucian-educated scholar-officials and local gentry.^ Most rural areas and even major cities are not under the firm control of the central government, especially at night.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The constitution of the United States provides that no state shall " grant any title of nobility; and no person can become a citizen ot' the United States until he has renounced all titles of nobility."
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I am interested in how you believe the current Constitution and system of government is not relevant to the "non-Anglo population"?
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The literati were accorded gentry status based on lineage and for male citizens, advancement in status was possible via success in the top three positions in imperial examinations.
.The establishment of titles was abolished with the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949 as part of a larger effort to abolish feudal influences on Chinese society.^ "The People's Republic of China and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics both faced lethal crises as they attempted to reform their communist systems" [11] .
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The People's Republic of China is a strong example not only in times of Mao's rule but also today, because they are ruled by the Chinese Comunist Party (small clique).
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And the supposition that the Republic was written uninterruptedly and by a continuous effort is in some degree confirmed by the numerous references from one part of the work to another.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.In tribal societies, such as and the Polynesian Island states, the system of often (semi-)hereditary tribal chiefs can also be compared to a form of noble class; in Tonga, after Tongan contact with Western nations, the traditional system of chiefs developed into a Western-style monarchy with a hereditary class of barons, even adopting that English title.^ The extreme division of classes in such a State.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The monarchy is very small potatoes compared to our actual ruling class.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To secure such an exchange was, as you will remember, one of our principal objects when we formed them into a society and constituted a State.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

Nobility by nation

For the English wikipedia category, see Category:Nobility by nation
Italian Nobleman of the Fifteenth Century. Engraving from the so-called Mantegna Tarocchi, about 1465.

See also

References

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.NOBILITY. To form a true understanding of what is strictly implied in the word "nobility," in its social as opposed to a purely moral sense, it is needful to distinguish its meaning from that of several words with which it is likely to be confounded.^ The essential meaning of words distinguished from their attributes.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The noble captain whose senses are rather dull (the people in their better mind); the mutinous crew (the mob of politicians); and the pilot (the true philosopher).
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Very true, he said; but what are these forms of theology which you mean?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

In England nobility is apt to be confounded with the peculiar institution of the British peerage. .Yet nobility, in some shape or another, has existed in most places and times of the world's history, while the British peerage is an institution purely local, and one which has actually hindered the existence of a nobility in the sense which the word bears in most other countries.^ Even thought most of the time, the replica watches do not bear the tag heuer same functionalities as the original ones, they are still the most desirable alternatives of the expensive real models.
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

^ There is, however, a difference between them: for whereas Hegel is thinking of all the minds of men as one mind, which developes the stages of the idea in different countries or at different times in the same country, with Plato these gradations are regarded only as an order of thought or ideas; the history of the human mind had not yet dawned upon him.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The other is a conflict that America did not seek; one in which we are joined by 42 other countries — including Norway — in an effort to defend ourselves and all nations from further attacks.

Nor is nobility the same thing as aristocracy. .This last is a word which is often greatly abused; but, whenever it is used with any regard to its true meaning, it is a word strictly political, implying a particular form of government.^ Very true, he said; but what are these forms of theology which you mean?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Neither, if we mean our future guardians to regard the habit of quarrelling among themselves as of all things the basest, should any word be said to them of the wars in heaven, and of the plots and fightings of the gods against one another, for they are not true.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And eventually, not only do items of consumption have to be moved beyond that, but so do the means of production -- in other words, the things used to produce other things.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.But nobility is not necessarily a political term; the distinction which it implies may be accompanied by political privileges or it may not.^ But when a man is drawn in two opposite directions, to and from the same object, this, as we affirm, necessarily implies two distinct principles in him?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nor again is there any evil which has not some accompaniment of good or pleasure; nor any good which is free from some alloy of evil; nor any noble or generous thought which may not be attended by a shadow or the ghost of a shadow of self-interest or of self-love.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Again, it is sometimes thoughtthat both nobility and aristocracy are in some special way connected with kingly government.^ Another way to put it: if you define government as the source of legitimate coercion according to some abstract theory of legitimation, then it can be as small as your made-up sphere of “legitimation” is.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The only way they can spin the shit they do is to invent some theory explaining how that shit is "necessary evil" needed to accomplish some noble goal.
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

^ Sometimes this oligarchical government gave way to a government based upon a qualification of property, which, according to Aristotle’s mode of using words, would have been called a timocracy; and this in some cities, as at Athens, became the conducting medium to democracy.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.To not a few it would seem a contradiction to speak of nobility or aristocracy in a republic.^ However, it seems equally unlikely that King Harold II would not have publicised a noble descent, if he had one, to demonstrate his suitability to accede to the throne in early 1066.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Yet, though many republics have eschewed nobility, there is nothing in a republican, or even in a democratic, form of government inconsistent with the existence of nobility; and it is only in a republic that aristocracy, in the strict sense of the word, can exist.^ Or is the Democratic form of government superior?
  • Is Democracy a superior form of government? - Religion & Politics - General Discussion - MMORPG.com Forums 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Is Democracy a superior form of government? - Religion & Politics - General Discussion - MMORPG.com Forums 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

^ We are then dumbstruck, when the proposition redrew the categories of the world’s previous and current form of government and created a category of a Democratic yet Dictatorship country.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are many sources for the royal, noble and prophetic lines listed on this site .
  • Royal Ancestors of Thomas Knowlton Gibson 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC goose.ycp.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Aristocracy implies the existence of nobility; but nobility does not imply aristocracy; it may exist under any form of government.^ Well, he said, have you never heard that forms of government differ; there are tyrannies, and there are democracies, and there are aristocracies?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Dictators under pressure may at times agree to new elections, but then rig them to place civilian puppets in government offices.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And the new government which thus arises will be of a form intermediate between oligarchy and aristocracy?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The peerage, as it exists in the three British kingdoms, is something which is altogether peculiar to the three British kingdoms, and which has nothing in the least degree like it elsewhere.^ Even Churchill admitted that something like three-quarters of the fighting against Germany was done by the Soviet Union.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

Nobility, then, in the strict sense of the word, is the hereditary handing on from generation to generation of some acknow-. ledged pre-eminence, a pre-eminence founded on hereditary succession, and on nothing else. Such nobility may be immemorial or it may not. .There may or there may not be a power vested somewhere of conferring nobility; but it is essential to the true idea of nobility that, when once acquired, it shall go on for ever to all the descendants - or, more commonly, only to all the descendants in the male line - of the person first ennobled or first recorded as noble.^ And let us ask and answer in turn, first going back to the 490 description of the gentle and noble nature.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Once the restraining force of internal and international opposition has been removed, dictators may even make their oppression and violence more brutal than before.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ First of all he shall be crowned by all the youths in the army; secondly, he shall receive the right hand of fellowship; and thirdly, do you think that there is any harm in his being kissed?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The pre-eminence so handed on may be of any kind, from substantial political power to mere social respect and precedence.^ Ayatollah Sistani, as the "pre-eminent cleric among the majority Shi'ite population [and] the most powerful political figure in the land," demanded that Article 7 be codified for this purpose.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Merely copying a sentence from somewhere: "...based upon the socialization of the means of production at the hands of organized labor..."
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ There is the question of are we really going to transform society so that in every respect, not only economically but socially, politically, ideologically and culturally, it really is superior to capitalist society.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.It does not seem necessary that it should be formally enacted by law if it is universally acknowledged by usage.^ No law that contradicts the universally agreed tenets of Islam, the principles of democracy, or the rights cited in Chapter Two of this Law may be enacted during the transitional period."
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Its general assembly enacted the laws necessary for its welfare, in the manner provided for by the commission under which they then acted.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That anachronisms whether of religion or law, when men have reached another stage of civilization, should be got rid of by fictions is in accordance with universal experience.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

It may be marked by titles or it may not. .It is hardly needful to prove that nobility does not imply wealth, though nobility without wealth runs some risk of being forgotten.^ Well, but if they are ever to run a risk should they not do so on some occasion when, if they escape disaster, they will be the better for it?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But you see that without the addition of some other nature there is no seeing or being seen?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The only way they can spin the shit they do is to invent some theory explaining how that shit is "necessary evil" needed to accomplish some noble goal.
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

.This definition seems to take in all the kinds of nobility which have existed in different times and places.^ He seems to have thought that two things of an opposite and different nature could not be learnt at the same time.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It's just taking place in a completely different context where one part of society is not dominating and essentially shutting out the rest of society from taking part in the struggle and decision-making over that.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It appears that, at any one time, there were no more than a dozen or so different nobles who are named in contemporary documentation with the title " dux " or ealdorman.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They have differed widely in the origin of the noble class and in the amount of privilege implied in membership of it; but they all agree in the transmission of some privilege or other to all the descendants, or to all the male descendants, of the first noble.^ Maybe they have some relevance after all.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A parallel can be drawn with the majority of the western European settlers who were rewarded with lordships in the kingdom of Jerusalem and the other crusader principalities and counties after participating in the First Crusade, few of whose families were prominent among the nobility in their countries of origin.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ It also agreed that some other matters might be considered for inclusion in the Constitution.
  • From Constitutional Convention to Republic Referendum: A Guide to the Processes, the Issues and the Participants (Research Paper 25 1998-99) 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.aph.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

In strictness nobility and gentry are the same thing. .This fact is overshadowed in England, partly by the habitual use of the word "gentleman" (q.v.^ In England they are used in the house of commons; in the house of lords, the words to convey the same idea are nemine dissentiente.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

) in various secondary uses, partly by the prevalent confusion between ai dg retry. nobility and peerage. .But that they are the same is proved by the use of the French word gentilhomme, a word which has pretty well passed out of modern use, but which, as long as it remained in use, never lost its true meaning.^ But this he never found out while he was well.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Jesus means for everything to happen, in fact, He wants His Word spread to EVERYONE. It was never intended for one single race.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For you fancy that shepherds and rulers never think of their own interest, but only of their sheep or subjects, whereas the truth is that they fatten them for their use, sheep and subjects alike.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.There were very wide distinctions within the French noblesse, but they all formed one privileged class as distinguished from the rolurier. Here, then, is a nobility in the strictest sense.^ In the strictest of all senses, he said.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are many of them: take as an example the pleasures of smell, which are very great and have no antecedent pains; they come in a moment, and when they depart leave no pain behind them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This is especially true if they were told that there were [sic] an outside threat from beyond, whether real or promulgated, that threatened our very existence.

.If there is no such class in England, it is simply because the class which answers to it has never been able to keep any universally acknowledged privileges.^ And there are no easy answers.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no such thing as the 'Queen of England'.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An ideal is none the worse because ‘some one has made the discovery’ that no such ideal was ever realized.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The word "gentleman" has lost its original meaning in a variety of other uses, while the word "nobleman" has come to be confined to members of the peerage and a few of their immediate descendants.^ The painter paints, and the artificer makes a bridle and reins, but neither understands the use of them—the knowledge of this is confined to the horseman; and so of other things.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And eventually, not only do items of consumption have to be moved beyond that, but so do the means of production -- in other words, the things used to produce other things.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Essentially the same means of struggle that was used against the dictatorship can be used against the new threat, but applied immediately.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

.That the English peerage does not answer to the true idea of a nobility will be seen with a very little thought.^ The Complete Peerage refers to this Guillaume de Say but does not establish his relationship with the later Say family (Barony created by writ in 1313, see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY) [773] .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ There too was Cephalus the father of Polemarchus, whom I had not seen for a long time, and I thought him very much aged.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Very true, I said; that is what I have to do: But will you be so good as answer yet one more question?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.There is no handing on of privilege or pre-eminence to perpetual generations.^ To constitute a Public nuisance, there must be such 'a number of persons annoyed, that the offence can no longer be considered a private nuisance: this is a fact, generally, to be judged of by the jury.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are some contracts which, in consequence of their forms, import a consideration, as sealed instruments, and bills of exchange, and promissory notes, which are generally good although no consideration appears.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Not in the present generation, he replied; there is no way of accomplishing this; but their sons may be made to believe in the tale, and their sons’ sons, and posterity after them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The peer holds a great position, endowed with substantial powers and privileges, and those powers and privileges are handed on by hereditary succession.^ Whether that nearby town be UK or USA. Australia, Kingbast, is a NATION, it holds in its hands, the power of life and death in its foreign-policy decisions.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The great crises in the history of nations have often been met by an ecclesiastical positiveness, and a more obstinate reassertion of principles which have lost their hold upon a nation.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.But they are handed on only to one member of the family at a time.^ They were the only organon of thought which the human mind at that time possessed, and the only measure by which the chaos of particulars could be reduced to rule and order.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And will our pupils, when they hear this, refuse to take their turn at the toils of State, when they are allowed to spend the greater part of their time with one another in the heavenly light?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Keats-Rohan speculates that she was a member of the Laigle family based on the couple naming one of their sons Ingenulf [671] , although it is not clear that this family used this name exclusively.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

.The peer's children, in some cases his grandchildren, have titles and precedence, but they have no substantial privileges.^ The law, I said, which is the sequel of this and of all that has preceded, is to the following effect,—‘that the wives of our guardians are to be common, and their children are to be common, and no parent is to know his own child, nor any child his parent.’ .
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In some cases natural children are entitled to the legal succession, of their natural fathers or mothers.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Grasp the truth as a whole, I said, and in the right way; you will then have no difficulty in apprehending the preceding remarks, and they will no longer appear strange to you.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.His remoter descendants have no advantage of any kind over other people, except their chance of succeeding to the peerage.^ We have a monarch with no power other than to remind people of what good manners are.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And this should certainly be no less true for communists than for other people.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It’s not natural to be primarily motivated by trying to win or steal “customers” from other people, no holds barred, survival of the fittest or the most ruthless.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

.The remote descendant of a duke, even though he may chance to be heir presumptive to the dukedom, is in no way distinguished from any other gentleman; it is even possible that he may not hold the social rank of gentleman.^ There is no other way.

^ There is no good thing which may not be a cause of evil—health, wealth, strength, rank, and the virtues themselves, when placed under unfavourable circumstances.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As we noted here the other day , there’s no time for depth, context, history — or even facts — when the “frame” is screaming “Terror!” .

.This is not nobility in the true sense; it is not nobility as nobility was understood either in the French kingdom or in the Venetian commonwealth.^ The noble captain whose senses are rather dull (the people in their better mind); the mutinous crew (the mob of politicians); and the pilot (the true philosopher).
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And the tyrannical man in the true sense of the word comes into being when, either under the influence of nature, or habit, or both, he becomes drunken, lustful, passionate?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

Nobility thus implies the vesting of some hereditary privilege or advantage in certain families, without deciding in what such privilege or advantage consists. .Its nature may differ widely according to the causes which have led to the establishment of the distinction between family and family in each particular case.^ But where an agreement is entered into by deed, that deed gives, in itself, a substantive cause of action, and the giving such deed may be sufficient accord and satis- faction for a simple contract debt.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The difference between an airplane that flies, and one that crashes and burns, may be as small as a single untightened nut.

^ Yes, he said; but what is right in this particular case, like everything else, requires to be explained; for community may be of many kinds.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The way in which nobility has arisen in different times and places is very various, and there are several nations whose history will supply us with examples of a nobility of one kind giving way to a nobility of another kind.^ His place in US history is already secure.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ And in one way or another, this same suspicion has been coming up time and again in many places.

^ Is there another kind?
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.p apal s. The history of the Roman commonwealth illustrates this perhaps better than any other.'^ Why, in the first place, although they are all of a good sort, are not some better than others?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We have perhaps arrived at the stage of philosophy which enables us to understand what he is aiming at, better than he did himself.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One could be excused for thinking that there is no better illustration of the cult of personality than in the monarchist reaction to Prince William.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.What we may call the nobility of earlier occupation makes way for the nobility of office.^ Then I must make you understand; and perhaps I may be more intelligible if I put the matter in this way.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Our first glimpses of authentic Roman history set before us two orders in the same state, one of which is distinguished from the other by many exclusive privileges.^ First ethics, then politics—this is the order of ideas to us; the reverse is the order of history.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many states are contained in one .
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The modern and ancient philosophical world are not agreed about truth and falsehood; the one identifies truth almost exclusively with fact, the other with ideas.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

The privileged 1 For the ethnological problems raised by the relations of populus' and plebs, see Rome: History, § also Patricians.

orde

the .populus, patres, patricians - has all the characteristics which we commonly expect to find in a privileged order.^ Yes, indeed, my dear friend, but you will find that the natural desires of the drone commonly exist in him all the same whenever he has to spend what is not his own.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is a minority, a minority strictly marked out by birth from other members of the commonwealth, a minority which seems further, though this point is less clearly marked, to have had on the whole the advantage in point of wealth.^ Spock Since you seem intent on arguing the point: So, in other words: Murder and rape are facts of human society.

^ But, on the other hand, the seeming discrepancies of the Republic may only arise out of the discordant elements which the philosopher has attempted to unite in a single whole, perhaps without being himself able to recognise the inconsistency which is obvious to us.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.When we are first entitled to speak with any kind of certainty, the non-privileged class possess a certain share in the election of magistrates and the making of laws.^ In the first place our rulers will enforce the laws and make new ones where they are wanted, and their allies or ministers will obey.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ NON CLAIM. An omission or neglect by one entitled to make a demand within the time limited by law; as, when a continual claim ought to be made, a neglect to make such claim within a year aud a day.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Fearing the election-year film could violate the federal election laws, he sued, citing the First Amendment.

.But the privileged class alone are eligible to the greatest offices of the state; they have in their hands the exclusive control of the national religion; they have the exclusive enjoyment of the common land of the state - in Teutonic phrase, the folkland. A little research shows that the origin of these privileges was a very simple one.^ There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior court of common pleas in each of the counties in this state after the terms of the judges of said court now in office shall terminate.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Will they not think this a hardship?’ You should remember that our purpose in framing the State was not that our citizens should do what they like, but that they should serve 520 the State for the common good of all.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And when one of these polyphonous pantomimic gentlemen offers to exhibit himself and his poetry we will show him every observance of respect, but at the same time tell him that there is no room for his kind in our State; we prefer the rough, honest poet, and will not depart from our original models (ii.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Those who appear in later times as a privileged order among the people had once been the whole people.^ People who have suffered for so long and struggled at great price merit a time of joy, relaxation, and recognition.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ BeHereSoon Says: July 12th, 2009 at 6:44 am A rather interesting amount of time appears to be spent reading the articles and the posts by those who seem to think this is all just a bunch of “hooey”.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Now he was one of those who came from heaven, and in a former life had dwelt in a well-ordered State, but his virtue was a matter of habit only, and he had no philosophy.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The patricians, patres, housefathers, goodmen - so lowly is the origin of that proud name - were once the whole Roman people, the original inhabitants of the Roman hills.^ Yet noble sentiments are constantly recurring: the true note of Roman patriotism—‘We Romans are a great people’—resounds through the whole work.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.They were the true populus Romanus, alongside of whom grew up a secondary Roman people, the plebs or commons.^ You could set up a local network to match up people who need to go to specific places at specific times, so that they can share rides.

^ The life of the Apostles is greatly admired by this people because they had all things in common; and the short prayer which Jesus Christ taught men is used in their worship.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet noble sentiments are constantly recurring: the true note of Roman patriotism—‘We Romans are a great people’—resounds through the whole work.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.As new settlers came, as the people of conquered towns were moved to Rome, as the character of Romans was granted to some allies and forced upon some enemies, this plebs, sharing some but not all of the rights of citizens, became a non-privileged order alongside of a privileged order.^ I proposed that Homer and Aristotle might appear at the head of all their commentators; but these were so numerous that some hundreds were forced to attend in the court and outward rooms of the palace.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On a sad note, once Venezuela became fully democratic in 1958, a populistic approach of "All the oil to the people" justified pressures over the oil companies.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There you are right, he said, since we have made them to share in all things like the men.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.As the non-privileged order increased in numbers, while the privileged order, as every exclusive hereditary body must do, lessened, the larger body gradually put on the character of the nation at large, while the smaller body put on the character of a nobility.^ They recognise that the true leader of men must be above the motives of ambition, and that national character is of greater value than material comfort and prosperity.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He too must have a nobility of character, without which genius loses the better half of greatness.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Waxing’ (α[Editor: illegible character]ξοντες) numbers, called also ‘increasing’ (ὑπερτελε[Editor: illegible character]ς), are those which are exceeded by the sum of their divisors: e.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.But their position as a nobility or privileged class arose solely because a class with inferior rights to their own grew up around them.^ Vidal originally became pro-Obama because he grew up in "a black city" (meaning Washington), as well as being impressed by Obama's intelligence.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ And thus the whole State will grow up in a noble order, and the several classes will receive the proportion of happiness which nature assigns to them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Each of the three classes will do the work of its own class in the State, and each part in the individual soul; 442 reason, the superior, and passion, the inferior, will be harmonized by the influence of music and gymnastic.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.They were not a nobility or a privileged class as long as there was no less privileged class to distinguish them from.^ There are many of them: take as an example the pleasures of smell, which are very great and have no antecedent pains; they come in a moment, and when they depart leave no pain behind them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A point at which there will be no more middle-road—a point at which, if we survive, we will survive either as free participants in established egalitarian societies or as a new class of serfs.

^ And now that we know what they are like there is no difficulty in tracing out the sort of life which awaits either of them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Their exclusive possession of power made the commonwealth in which they bore rule an aristocracy; but they were a democracy among themselves.^ They were the only organon of thought which the human mind at that time possessed, and the only measure by which the chaos of particulars could be reduced to rule and order.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They talk about the people of the world being dumb and violent when they themselves do everything in their power to ensure people are dumb and violent.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I will begin by placing faculties in a class by themselves: they are powers in us, and in all other things, by which we do as we do.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.We see indeed faint traces of distinction among the patricians themselves, which may lead us to guess that the equality of all patricians may have been won by struggles of unrecorded days, not unlike those which in recorded days brought about the equality of patrician and plebeian.^ This is a very good video from a collection that this person is doing along the same lines, you may get a really good understanding of what this is all about from this video.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My guess is that you've posted all you actually 'know', rather than 'believe', about the subject - which is nothing.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ Last of all they will conclude:—This is he who gives us the year and the seasons, and is the author of all that we see.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

But at this we can only guess. .The Roman patricians, the true Roman populus, appear at our first sight of them as a body democratic in its own constitution, but standing out as an order marked by very substantial privileges indeed from the other body, the plebs, also democratic in its own constitution, but in every point of honour and power the marked inferior of the populus. The old people of Rome thus grew, or rather shrank up, into a nobility by the growth of a new people by their side which they declined to admit to a share in their rights, powers, and possessions.^ Of course, the first thing they have to do is admit that an emerging New World Order exists!

^ And if you give up power, what's the point?
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It had built itself up into a very powerful military machine.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.A series of struggles raised this new people, the plebs, to a level with the old people, the populus. The gradual character of the process is not the least instructive part of it.^ The ways in which people are overtly and directly in form treated as unequal -- we need to abolish those, that's part of our struggle.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ How are people in that position going to equally take part in the process of political decision making, even if you remove all of the restrictions politically that are imposed on them.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It would also be able to address many other matter related to the new arrangements, including ways to better involve people in the political process.
  • From Constitutional Convention to Republic Referendum: A Guide to the Processes, the Issues and the Participants (Research Paper 25 1998-99) 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.aph.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

There are two marked stages in the struggle. In the first the plebeians strive to obtain relief from laws and customs which were actually oppressive to them, while they were profitable to the patricians. .When this relief has been gained by a series of enactments, a second struggle follows, in which the plebeians win political equality with the patricians.^ They should feel proud of themselves and of all who struggled with them to win political freedom.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The following questions pose (in a more specific way than earlier) the types of considerations required in devising a grand strategy for a political defiance struggle: .
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

In this second struggle, too, the ground is won bit by bit. .No general law was ever passed to abolish the privileges of the patricians; still less was any law ever passed to abolish the distinction between patrician and plebeian.^ There will be no distinction between beauty and ugliness.

^ And as for the words, there will surely be no difference between words which are and which are not set to music; both will conform to the same laws, and these have been already determined by us?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This, of course, is no new phenomenon: cases of nonviolent resistance go back at least to 494 B.C. when plebeians withdrew cooperation from their Roman patrician masters.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

All that was done was done step by step. .First, marriage between the two orders was legalized.^ Orderic Vitalis names her, gives her parentage, her two husbands and seven children, six by her first marriage, one by her second [1721] .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ Orderic Vitalis gives her parentage, names her two husbands and seven children, six by her first marriage, one by her second [275] .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ Orderic Vitalis gives her parentage, her two husbands and seven children, six by her first marriage, one by her second [261] .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

.Then one law admitted plebeians to one office, another law to another.^ Admitting that women differ from men in capacity, do not men equally differ from one another?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Very good, Thrasymachus, I said; and now to take the case of the arts: you would admit that one man is a musician and another not a musician?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then in every way the laws will help the citizens to keep the peace with one another?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Admission to military command was won first, then admission to civil jurisdiction; a share in religious functions was won last of all.^ But when the governor shall, with the consent of the legislature, be out of the state in time of war, at the head of a military force thereof, he shall continue commander-in-chief of all the military force of the state.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After 1923, the Amir introduced Afghanistan's first civil code, 30 which abolished polygamy and marriages to all girls under the age of 18.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

.And some offices, chiefly those religious offices which carried no political power with them, always remained the exclusive property of the patricians, because no special law was ever passed to throw them open to plebeians.^ The power hierarchy of the dictatorship is always unstable to some degree, and at times extremely so.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ An ideal is none the worse because ‘some one has made the discovery’ that no such ideal was ever realized.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The two openings in heaven and the two in earth through which passed those who were beginning and those who had completed their pilgrimage.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.In this gradual way every practical advantage on the part of the patricians was taken away.^ When the ancient form of the work is changed, either by an addition being made to it, or by some part of the ancient work being taken away, it is styled also a new work.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

.But the result did not lead to the abolition of all distinctions between the orders.^ All too soon, the distinction between news and entertainment, between reality and make believe, between fact and propaganda, became forever blurred.

^ They were truly a part of nature, and likely did not make a distinction, as environmentalists do, between land where people belong and land where we do not.

.Patricians and plebeians went on as orders defined by law, till the distinction died out in the confusion of things under the empire, till at last the word "patrician" took quite a new meaning.^ For the plan grows under the author’s hand; new thoughts occur to him in the act of writing; he has not worked out the argument to the end before he begins.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This, of course, is no new phenomenon: cases of nonviolent resistance go back at least to 494 B.C. when plebeians withdrew cooperation from their Roman patrician masters.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Though that sounds easy, it is the most difficult thing in the world; the LAST thing we want to do is to get 'ourselves' out of the way.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

The distinction, in truth, went on till the advantage turned to the side of the plebeians. .Both consuls might be plebeians, both could not be patricians; a patrician could not wield the great powers vested in the tribunes of the commons.^ In successive generations a great development both of bodily and mental qualities might be possible.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The legislative power is vested in a senate and in a house of commons, and both are denominated the general assembly.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Plato believes in a power of number far beyond what he could see realized in the world around him, and he knows the great influence which ‘the little matter of 1, 2, 3’ (vii.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.These were greater advantages than the exclusive patrician possession of the offices of interrex, rex sacrorum and the higher flamens.^ The same natural gifts are found in both sexes, but they are possessed in a higher degree by men than women.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Let us inquire of the Pythagoreans about them, not forgetting that we have an aim higher than theirs, which is the relation of these sciences to the idea of good.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And can you mention any pursuit of mankind in which the male sex has not all these gifts and qualities in a higher degree than the female?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.And, as the old distinction survived in law and religion after all substantial privileges were abolished, so presently a new distinction arose of which law and religion knew nothing, but which became in practice nearly as marked and quite as important as the older one.^ In the first place our rulers will enforce the laws and make new ones where they are wanted, and their allies or ministers will obey.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Great in all ages and countries, in religion as well as in law and literature, has been the art of interpretation.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You remember our old distinction of the many beautiful and the one beautiful, the particular and the universal, the objects of sight and the objects of thought?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.This was the growth of the new nobility of Rome, that body, partly patrician, partly plebeian, to whom the name nobilitas strictly belongs in Roman history.^ This, of course, is no new phenomenon: cases of nonviolent resistance go back at least to 494 B.C. when plebeians withdrew cooperation from their Roman patrician masters.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

This new nobility gradually became as well marked and as exclusive as the old patriciate. .But if differed from the old patriciate in this, that, while the privileges of the old patriciate rested on law, or perhaps rather on immemorial custom, the privileges of the new nobility rested wholly on a sentiment of which men could remember the beginning.^ The rest of your post (which does not even offer a new constitution for us to look at) has the same old spite one has come to expect from republicans.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A comparison between the new and old America may perhaps also be in order.

^ I granted, for the sake of argument, as you will remember, that evil might perhaps escape the knowledge of Gods and men, although this was really impossible.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Or it would be more accurate to say that the new nobility had really no privileges at all.^ No; I would rather say discretion.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It would have been interesting to see both of them say "No sorry, I can't be with you at xyz event because I'm a republican and dont believe in what you stand for."
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But no other Dialogue of Plato has the same largeness of view and the same perfection of style; no other shows an equal knowledge of the world, or contains more of those thoughts which are new as well as old, and not of one age only but of all.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Its members had no legal advantages over other citizens.^ He is not mentioned in the Sagas and no other primary source has been found which either names him or links him with the later members of the Tosny family.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ There can be no doubt that the love of wealth and the spirit of moderation cannot exist together in citizens of the same state to any considerable extent; one or the other will be disregarded.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.They were a social caste, which strove to keep, and which largely succeeded in keeping, all high offices and political power in its own hands.^ Then the power of each individual in the State to do his own work appears to compete with the other political virtues, wisdom, temperance, courage.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Clearly, all political changes originate in divisions of the actual governing power; a government which is united, however small, cannot be moved.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If we want to keep that job out of the hands of political animals, we're going to need an absolute majority or something to elect the person.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such privileges, even of an honorary kind, as the nobles did enjoy by law belonged to them, not as nobles, but as senators and senators' sons.^ So did my brother before me, so did my daughter, and my son-in-law.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

Yet practically the new nobility was a privileged class; it felt itself to be so, and it was felt to be so by others. .This nobility consisted of all those who, as descendants of curule magistrates, had the jus imaginum - that is, who could point to forefathers ennobled by office.^ Even if they were "politically allowed to do so," how could people who have to spend their lives working in this way be able to make informed decisions about all this?
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Still, there is a point that Mill is getting at with this argument that it's not enough to hear positions characterized by those who oppose them, it is necessary to hear ardent advocates arguing for these positions.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Anything less would do no good at all, and would also be a grave insult to those who have fallen in our poisonous shadow.

That is to say, it consisted of the remains of the old patriciate, together with those plebeian families any members of which had been chosen to curule offices. .These were naturally those families which had been patrician in some other Italian city, but which were plebeian at Rome.^ Our family has more than 170 legendary lines tracing back to Adam, some more probable than others, though I am certain that we trace back somehow to Adam, so it doesn't matter whether through these lines or some other.
  • Royal Ancestors of Thomas Knowlton Gibson 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC goose.ycp.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Interrogate now the three natures, and each one will be found praising his own pleasures and depreciating those of others.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some of these quests are unwittingly evil, others are righteous but none of them produces a concerted fight against encroaching evil.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many of them equalled the patricians in wealth and antiquity of descent, and as soon as inter-marriage was allowed they became in all things their social equals.^ Were all the things circulated equally?
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I would refer such skeptical readers of these pages to the Wikipedia article on Descents from Antiquity , which they may find enlightening.
  • Royal Ancestors of Thomas Knowlton Gibson 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC goose.ycp.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Then again the citizens will have all things in common, and having common property they will have common pleasures and pains.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The practical result of the Licinian reform was that the great plebeian families became, for all practical purposes, patrician.^ The 'bottom line' in this country is that for all practical purposes the United States is fascist.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

.They separated themselves from the mass of the plebeians to form a single body with the surviving patricians.^ So in that way, too, they were making advances and developing forms for the masses to play an increasingly conscious role in all this.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But although the gods are themselves unchangeable, still by witchcraft and deception they may make us think that they appear in various forms?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Just as the old patricians had striven to keep plebeians out of high offices, so now the new nobles, patrician and plebeian alike, strove to keep "new men," men who had not the jus imaginum, out of high office.^ Nor would you praise the behaviour of States which act like the men whom I was just now describing.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This, of course, is no new phenomenon: cases of nonviolent resistance go back at least to 494 B.C. when plebeians withdrew cooperation from their Roman patrician masters.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And this is the way with the just; he who endures to the end of every action and occasion of his entire life has a good report and carries off the prize which men have to bestow.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.But there was still the difference that in the old state of things the plebeian was shut out by law, while in the new state of things no law shut out the new man.^ Is there a new code book out?
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

^ This is no longer news; the information is out there.

^ There is no good thing which may not be a cause of evil—health, wealth, strength, rank, and the virtues themselves, when placed under unfavourable circumstances.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.It needed a change in the constitution to give the consulship to Lucius Sextius; it needed only union and energy in the electors to give it to Gaius Marius.^ "The lopsided [electoral] victory by Iraq's Shiite Muslim alliance gives it the biggest voice in shaping the nation's new government and constitution....
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Ironically, the only candidate that offered real change was Ron Paul who ran on a promise to obey the Constitution, shrink government, and stop aggression.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

The Roman case is often misunderstood, because the later Roman writers did not fully understand the case themselves. .Livy could never get rid of the idea that the old struggle between patrician and plebeian was something like the struggle between the nobility and the people at large in the later days of the commonwealth.^ I said that the government is acting exactly like a dying dictatorship struggling to impose its will upon the people.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ People are constantly pulled back to these ideas: "If we could just limit the corporations, then we wouldn't have the problems we have."
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He said ideas are not like other things, you can't deal with them crudely -- not that you should deal with other things crudely, but it's especially important not to deal with ideas and the struggle in the realm of ideas crudely.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.In a certain sense he knew better; at any rate, he often repeats the words of those who knew better; but the general impression given by his story is that the plebeians were a low mob and their leaders factious and interested ringleaders of a mob.^ Of course, he said, he who is of a certain nature, is like those who are of a certain nature; he who is not, not.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ THE WORLD IS NOT OVERPOPULATED. It is simply over corrupted and it’s those who are corrupt who want the reductions, not to the betterment of mankind but to further consolodate power through a technocratic system of control.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The noble captain whose senses are rather dull (the people in their better mind); the mutinous crew (the mob of politicians); and the pilot (the true philosopher).
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The case is again often misunderstood because the words "patrician" and "plebeian," like so many other technical Roman and Greek words, have come in modern language to be used in a way quite unlike their original sense.^ There is as much to be filled up in the one case as in the other, and the one mode of conception is to the Israelite what the other is to the Greek.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So lets find other ways to decimate any other group you don’t like–”Immigrants” (illegal or not) as you ignorantly like to call them.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And a like confusion happens with pleasure and pain, and with many other things.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The word "plebeian," in its strict sense, is no more contemptuous than the word commoner !in England.^ No more than this?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ She is shown as the daughter of Gilbert in Europische Stammtafeln [394] , but this may be no more than speculation.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ Balance is NOT an extreme..Not forced..No left no right…Balance is a comforting medium..Better and less painful than War… More Balanced than Religion…Balance food..Balance sleep…Balance leadership.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.The plebs, like the English commons, contained families differing widely in rank and social position, among them those families which, as soon as an artificial barrier broke down, joined with the patricians to form the new older settlement, a nobility which had once been the whole people, was gradually shorn of all exclusive privilege, and driven to share equal rights with a new people which had grown up around it.^ Will they not think this a hardship?’ You should remember that our purpose in framing the State was not that our citizens should do what they like, but that they should serve 520 the State for the common good of all.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The gods, taking the disguise of strangers from other lands, walk up and down cities in all sorts of forms 1 ;’ .
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There you are right, he said, since we have made them to share in all things like the men.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The reform of Cleisthenes answers in a general way to the reform of Licinius, though the different circumstances of the two cities hinder us from carrying out the parallel into detail.^ For among ourselves, too, there have been two sorts of Politicians or Statesmen, whose eyesight has become disordered in two different ways.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And if they turn out to be two, is not each of them one and different?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Though that sounds easy, it is the most difficult thing in the world; the LAST thing we want to do is to get 'ourselves' out of the way.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

.But both at Rome and at Athens we see, at a stage earlier than the final reform, an attempt to set up a standard of wealth, either instead of or alongside of the older standard of birth.^ That either or both of these alternatives are impossible, I see no reason to affirm: if they were so, we might indeed be justly ridiculed as dreamers and visionaries.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Athens, Argos, Corinth, Sicyon, and nearly every State with the exception of Sparta, through a similar stage of tyranny which ended either in oligarchy or democracy.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, every one sees that the principle of knowledge is wholly directed to the truth, and cares less than either of the others for gain or fame.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.This same general idea comes out both in the constitution of Servius and in the constitution of Solon, though the application of the principle is different in the two cases.^ I don't really have a preference for either a directly elected president with exactly the same powers as the governor general, or one voted on by both houses of the current parlt!
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps most importantly, it provided that in Afghan courts of justice, "all disputes and cases will be decided in accordance with the principles of Sharia and of general civil and criminal laws."
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And if they turn out to be two, is not each of them one and different?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Servius made voting power depend on income; by Solon the same rule was applied to qualification for office.^ I don't really have a preference for either a directly elected president with exactly the same powers as the governor general, or one voted on by both houses of the current parlt!
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ True, the same power which in the purer age of art embodies gods and heroes only, may be made to express the voluptuous image of a Corinthian courtezan.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This we remark in the case of the artisan, but, ludicrously enough, do not apply the same rule to people of the richer sort.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

By this change power is not granted to every citizen, but it is put within the reach of every citizen. .No man can change his forefathers, but the poor man may haply become richer.^ There can be no question that the study of anthropology has considerably changed our views respecting the first appearance of man upon the earth.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For time and persuasion and the love of pleasure may enchant a man into a change of purpose, and the force of grief and pain may compel him.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They have been consigned to a no man’s land from which indeed they may never return.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Athenian eb rarpl8at, who were thus gradually brought down from their privileged position, seem to have been quite as proud and exclusive as the Roman patricians; but when they lost their privileges they lost them far more thoroughly, and they did not, as at Rome, practically hand on many of them to a new nobility, of which they formed part, though not the whole.^ I am proud of who they were then, and who they are now.

^ It may be observed that this form of traverse may imply; or carry within it, that the license was given, though the defendant did not enter by that license.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Formerly new trials could be obtained only with the greatest difficulties, but by the modern practice, they are liberally granted in furtherance of justice.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

.While at Rome the distinction of patrician and plebeian was never wiped out, while it remained to the last a legal distinction even when practical privilege had turned the other way, at Athens, after the democracy had reached its full growth, the distinction seems to have had no legal existence whatever.^ There is no other way.

^ This, of course, is no new phenomenon: cases of nonviolent resistance go back at least to 494 B.C. when plebeians withdrew cooperation from their Roman patrician masters.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Now, if we are to form a real judgment of the life of the just and unjust, we must isolate them; there is no other way; and how is the isolation to be effected?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.At Rome down to the last it made a difference whether the candidate for office was patrician or plebeian, though the difference was in later times commonly to the advantage of the plebeian.^ The difference is that in the time of Plato the degeneracy, though certain, was gradual and insensible: whereas the taking of Rome by the Goths stirred like an earthquake the age of St. Augustine.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No artist or sage or ruler errs at the time when he is what his name implies; though he is commonly said to err, and I adopted the common mode of speaking.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.At Athens, at any rate after Aristides, the eupatrid was neither better nor worse off than another man.^ My question is only whether the just man, while refusing to have more than another just man, would wish and claim to have more than the unjust?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Now men have different natures, and one man will do one thing better than many: and business waits for no man.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Were we not saying that a good man, who has the misfortune to lose his son or anything else which is most dear to him, will bear the loss with more equanimity than another?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.But, what is of far greater importance, there never arose at Athens any body of men which at all answered to the nobilitas of Rome.^ I say that he is by far the most miserable of all men.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For all men believe in their hearts that injustice is far more profitable to the individual than justice, and he who argues as I have been supposing, will say that they are right.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There you are right, he said, since we have made them to share in all things like the men.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.We see at Athens strong signs of social distinctions, even at a late period of the democracy; we see that, though the people might be led by the low-born demagogue - using that word in its strict and not necessarily dishonourable meaning - their votes most commonly fell on men of ancient descent.^ I was recently contacted by a "professional genealogist" who wanted to point out that my legendary lines of descent were, in fact, legendary and that some people might take them as wholly factual (which is why I used the word "legendary" in the first place).
  • Royal Ancestors of Thomas Knowlton Gibson 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC goose.ycp.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But so long as there is democracy among one part of society, that will inevitably be part of a dictatorship exercised by that part of society, even if "that part of society" represents and increasingly draws in the great majority of people.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What I mean is not that through the advance of the dictatorship of the proletariat there is less and less democracy for the masses of people, until eventually it's eliminated altogether!
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.We see that men of birth and wealth often allowed themselves a strange licence in dealing with their low-born fellow-citizens.^ Development has to consider the welfare of the citizens, to see whether the wealth of the country was also enjoyed by all of the citizens.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

.But we see no sign of the growth of a body made up of patricians and leading plebeians who contrived to keep office to themselves by a social tradition only less strong than positive law.^ Balance is NOT an extreme..Not forced..No left no right…Balance is a comforting medium..Better and less painful than War… More Balanced than Religion…Balance food..Balance sleep…Balance leadership.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although designated as a major international terrorist by the US, media reports in India have characterized the US’s past interest in seeing Ibrahim handed over as less than enthusiastic.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You can see why this requires not only transformation of material, economic and social conditions, but also the thinking of the people.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.We have at Athens the exact parallel to the state of things when Appius Claudius shrank from the thought of the consulship of Gaius Licinius; we have no exact parallel to the state of things when Quintus Metellus shrank from the thought of the consulship of Gaius Marius.^ But the exact same thing has happened repeatedly in the United States since the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • scientific dictatorship « Therearenosunglasses’s Weblog 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC therearenosunglasses.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such was the thought, my dear Glaucon, which I would fain have uttered if it had not seemed too extravagant; for to be convinced that in no other State can there be happiness private or public is indeed a hard thing.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The cause of the difference seems to be that, while the origin of the patriciate was exactly the same at Rome and at Athens, the origin of the commons was different.^ He seems to have thought that two things of an opposite and different nature could not be learnt at the same time.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And this is the origin of war, which may be traced to the same causes 374 as other political evils.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet they are not absolutely divided; and in times of sickness or moments of self-indulgence they seem to be only different aspects of a common human nature which includes them both.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The four Ionic tribes at Athens seem to have answered very closely to the three patrician tribes at Rome; but the Athenian demos grew up in a different way from the Roman plebs. If we could believe that the Athenian demos arose out of the union of the 1 See further Athens: History, and Eupatridae.^ A very different ideal of womanhood is held up by Plato to the world; she is to be the companion of the man, and to share with him in the toils of war and in the cares of government.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The young are to be brought up in happy surroundings, out of the way of sights or sounds which may hurt the character or vitiate the taste.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But Mao insisted, very correctly, that if you do it that way, you are just going to polarize the society the same way it was before, or in slightly different forms but essentially the same.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

other .Attic towns with Athens, this would be an exact analogy to the origin of the Roman plebs; the EU7raTplOat would be the Athenians and the demos the Atticans ('Argo w°). But from such glimpses of early Attic history as we can get the union of the Attic towns would seem to have been completed before the constitutional struggle began.^ The name given to some constitutions or laws of some of the Roman emperors; this name was so given because they were new or posterior to the laws which they had before published.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Will life then be better or worse than would be if the democrats began or continued to struggle?
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

.That union would answer rather to the union of the three patrician tribes of Rome.^ He would rather not discuss the ‘two Suns’ of which all Rome was talking, when he can converse about ‘the two nations in one’ which had divided Rome ever since the days of the Gracchi.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Such hints as we have, while they set before us, just as at Rome, a state of things in which small landed proprietors are burthened with debt, also set before us the Attic demos as, largely at least, a body of various origins which had grown up in the city.^ The gods, taking the disguise of strangers from other lands, walk up and down cities in all sorts of forms 1 ;’ .
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Let us next proceed to consider the nature and origin of the individual who answers to this State.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Neither is this divine form of goodness wholly separable from the ideal of the Christian Church, which is said in the New Testament to be ‘His body,’ or at variance with those other images of good which Plato sets before us.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Cleisthenes, for instance, enfranchised many slaves and strangers, a course which certainly formed no part of the platform of Licinius, and which reminds us rather of Gnaeus Flavius somewhat later.^ She took no part in military or political matters; nor is there any instance in the later ages of Greece of a woman becoming famous in literature.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The U.S. claims the CIA had no relationship with MAK, but bin Laden’s operation, which later evolved into “al-Qaeda”, must certainly have been known to, and approved by, the CIA. .
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a slave, he had virtually no control over his life, except of course that he had enough practical control to escape.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

.On the whole it seems most likely that, while the kernel of the Roman plebs was rural or belonged to the small towns admitted to the Roman franchise, the Attic demos, largely at least, though doubtless not wholly, arose out of the mixed settlers who had come together in the city, answering to the p rotKot of later times.^ B, Plato seems to intimate that the time had come when the negative and interrogative method of Socrates must be superseded by a positive and constructive one, of which examples are given in some of the later dialogues.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That is what mighty cities declare; and the children of the gods, who were their poets and prophets, bear a like testimony.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I am sure of that; and yet most of your hearers, if I am not mistaken, are likely to be still more earnest in their opposition to you, and will never be convinced; Thrasymachus least of all.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.If so, there would be no place in Athens for those great plebeian houses, once patrician in some other commonwealth, out of which the later Roman nobilitas was so largely formed.^ There is no other way.

^ There is no place in the NWO for me.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no place to hide!
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

Thus the history of nobility at Athens supplies a close analogy to the earlier stages of its history at Rome, but it has nothing answering to its later stages. .At Sparta we have a third instance of a people shrinking up into a nobility, but it is a people whose position differs altogether from anything either at Rome or at Athens.^ The noble captain whose senses are rather dull (the people in their better mind); the mutinous crew (the mob of politicians); and the pilot (the true philosopher).
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is impossible to go into such a system and do anything but end up serving it.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Athens, Argos, Corinth, Sicyon, and nearly every State with the exception of Sparta, through a similar stage of tyranny which ended either in oligarchy or democracy.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

Sparta is the best case of a nobility of conquest. .This is true,whether we look on the 7rEpiouKot as Achaeans or as Dorians, or as belonging some to one race and some to the other (see Perioeci).^ Two remain—the Dorian and Phrygian, the first for war, the second for peace; the one expressive of courage, the other of obedience or instruction or religious feeling.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Whether the future soldiers do or do not see war in the days of their youth is a very important matter, for the sake of which some risk may fairly be incurred.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He claims that some people know what the true values are in life – the transcendent ones.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

In any case the Spartans form a ruling body, and a body whose privileged position in the land is owing to conquest. .The Spartans answer to the patricians, the 7reploLKOC to the plebs; the helots are below the position of plebs or demos. The only difference is that, probably owing to the fact that the distinction was due to conquest, the local character of the distinction lived on much longer than it did at Rome.^ As to killing whales, well, the whalers and sealers pretty much did to the local whales, what the screws, crims and opportunists did to many of the traditional owners here.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The population continues to rise in many countries only because people are living longer.
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

^ It should only be interpreted that the Dictatorship "applied a different approach" than the previous government - whom probably because of their incompetence was disposed by the military coup d'etat.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

.We hardly look on the Spartans as a nobility among the other Lacedaemonians; Sparta rather is a ruling city bearing sway over the other Lacedaemonian towns.^ Is not the noble that which subjects the beast to the man, or rather to the god in man; and the ignoble that which subjects the man to the beast?’ He can hardly avoid saying Yes—can he now?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When the parties reside in different towns or cities, the notice may be sent by the post, or a special messenger, or a private person, or by any other suitable or ordinary con- veyance.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

But this is exactly what the original Roman patricians, the settlers on the three oldest hills, were in the beginning. .The so-called cities (7rbXas) of the TEpioucot answered pretty well to the local plebeian tribes; the difference is that the 7repioLKOC never became a united corporate body like the Roman plebs. Sparta to the last remained what Rome was at the beginning, a city with a populus (8,uos) but no plebs.^ Until, then, kings are philosophers, or philosophers are kings, cities will never cease from ill: no, nor the human race; nor will our ideal polity ever come into being.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As to killing whales, well, the whalers and sealers pretty much did to the local whales, what the screws, crims and opportunists did to many of the traditional owners here.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After this manner:—A city which is thus constituted can hardly be shaken; but, seeing that everything which has a beginning has also an end, even a constitution such as yours will not last for ever, but will in time be dissolved.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.And, as at Rome in early times, there were at Sparta distinctions within the populus; there were 5 otot and nro,ueioves, like the majores and minores genies at Rome.^ The difference is that in the time of Plato the degeneracy, though certain, was gradual and insensible: whereas the taking of Rome by the Goths stirred like an earthquake the age of St. Augustine.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As an example, in early March, in an interview with the New York Times, he was asked: “Is there a one word name for your philosophy?
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Strategists of the democratic forces should contemplate early that there will come a time when the democratic forces can move beyond selective resistance and launch mass defiance.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

.Only at Rome, where there was a plebs to be striven against, these distinctions seem to have had a tendency to die out, while at Sparta they seem to have had a tendency to widen.^ And now that we know what they are like there is no difficulty in tracing out the sort of life which awaits either of them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But the example of Sparta, and perhaps in some degree the tendency to defy public opinion, seems to have misled him.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In this way they will get an excellent view of what is hereafter 468 to be their own business; and if there is danger they have only to follow their elder leaders and escape.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

The Spartan patriciate could afford to disfranchise some of its own members.
.The other old Greek cities, as well as those of medieval Italy and Germany, would supply us with endless examples of the various ways in which privileged orders arose.^ Neither is this divine form of goodness wholly separable from the ideal of the Christian Church, which is said in the New Testament to be ‘His body,’ or at variance with those other images of good which Plato sets before us.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Now he was one of those who came from heaven, and in a former life had dwelt in a well-ordered State, but his virtue was a matter of habit only, and he had no philosophy.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The good order of Lacedaemon is due to Lycurgus, and many other cities great and small have been similarly benefited by others; but who says that you have been a good legislator to them and have done them any good?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Venice, a city not exactly belonging to any of these classes, essentially a city of the Eastern empire and not of the Western, gives us an example than which none is more instructive.^ William Says: July 13th, 2009 at 10:20 am If the planet truly is overpopulating it is nothing more than the result to something these “elites” are the cause of.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Either these so-called sons of gods were not the sons of gods, or they were not such as the poets imagine them, any more than the gods themselves are the authors of evil.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And as Plato does not like to make an assertion which is unproven, he more than confirms this statement a few sentences afterwards by the example of Odysseus, who chose last.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

The renowned patriciate of Venice was as far removed as might be from the character either of a nobility of conquest or of a nobility of older settlement. .Nor was it strictly a nobility of office, though it had more in common with that than with either of the other two.^ There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior court of common pleas in each of the counties in this state after the terms of the judges of said court now in office shall terminate.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Either they arm the multitude, and then they are more afraid of them than of the enemy; or, if they do not call them out in the hour of battle, they are oligarchs indeed, few to fight as they are few to rule.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Either these so-called sons of gods were not the sons of gods, or they were not such as the poets imagine them, any more than the gods themselves are the authors of evil.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

As Athens supplies us with a parallel to the older nobility of Rome without any parallel to the later, so Venice supplies us with a parallel to the later nobility of Rome without any parallel to the earlier. Athens has Fabii and Claudii, but no Catuli or Metelli; Venice has Catuli and Metelli, but no Fabii or Claudii.
.In one point, however, the Venetian nobility differed from either the older or the newer nobility of Rome, and also from the older nobilities of the medieval Italian cities.^ So, on one level, you are insisting this is the way it's got to be -- for example, this point, and not another point, is what is on the agenda now -- but, on another level, you are letting a lot of different things come out in relation to that.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps, I said, he may be like him in that one point; but there are other respects in which he is very different.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, it seems equally unlikely that King Harold II would not have publicised a noble descent, if he had one, to demonstrate his suitability to accede to the throne in early 1066.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Nowhere else did nobility so distinctly rise out of wealth, and that wealth gained nobility. .The whole lesson is lost if the words "patrician" and "plebeian" are used in any but their strict sense.^ The exact relationship has not been established, although if " avunculus " is used in its strict sense of maternal uncle Archambaud would have been the brother of Osbern de Crepon's mother.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ But in practice, outside the pyramid, there are a lot of people using the word "permaculture" for a whole mess of super-efficient food-growing techniques that are freely exchanged.

The Catuli and Metelli, among the proudest nobles of Rome, were plebeians, and as such could not have been chosen to the purely patrician office of interrex, or of Jupiter. .Yet even in good writers on Roman history the words "patrician" and "plebeian" are often misapplied by being transferred to the later disputes at Rome, in which they are quite out of place.^ If the people yield, well and good; but, if they resist, then, as before he beat his father and mother, so now he beats his fatherland and motherland, and places his mercenaries over them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Why, in the first place, although they are all of a good sort, are not some better than others?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "His observation, "History has proven when the girls get involved, they're good at it, " has been more proven out as a rule except for a very few exceptions like Margaret Thatcher.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

.We may now compare the history of nobility at Rome with its history in some other of the most famous city-commonwealths.^ At other times, individuals and small groups may have conducted brave but impotent gestures, asserting some principle or simply their defiance.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And now let us see how our city will be able to supply this great demand: We may suppose that one man is a husbandman, another a builder, some one else a weaver—shall we add to them a shoemaker, or perhaps some other purveyor to our bodily wants?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And must not we swim and try to reach the shore: we will hope that Arion’s dolphin or some other miraculous help may save us?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Thus at Athens 1 its history is in its main outlines very much the same as its history at Rome up to a Y Y P certain point, while there is nothing at Athens which at all answers to the later course of things at Rome.^ Of course, there were all kinds of contradictions in it.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I agree, but nothing there is of much import.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is a very good video from a collection that this person is doing along the same lines, you may get a really good understanding of what this is all about from this video.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

Athenian At Athens, as at Rome, an old patriciate, a nobility of by commerce. .In the original island territory of Venice there could be no such thing as landed property.^ So there is no such thing as an economy in the abstract.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no such thing as a king, queen, prince or princess.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The issue is that there is no such thing as a small government.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

The agricultural plebeian of old Rome and the feudal noble of contemporary Europe were both of them at Venice impossible characters. .The Venetian nobility is an example of a nobility which gradually arose out of the mass of the people as certain families step by step drew all political power into their own hands.^ No man would keep his hands off what was not his own when he could safely take what he liked out of the market, or go into houses and lie with any one at his pleasure, or kill or release from prison whom he would, and in all respects be like a God among men.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then the power of each individual in the State to do his own work appears to compete with the other political virtues, wisdom, temperance, courage.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Clearly, all political changes originate in divisions of the actual governing power; a government which is united, however small, cannot be moved.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The plebs did not gather round the patres, neither were they conquered by the patres; the patres were developed by natural selection out of the plebs, or, more strictly, out of the ancient populus. The commune of Venice, the ancient style of the commonwealth, changed into the seigniory of Venice.^ Either they arm the multitude, and then they are more afraid of them than of the enemy; or, if they do not call them out in the hour of battle, they are oligarchs indeed, few to fight as they are few to rule.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "His observation, "History has proven when the girls get involved, they're good at it, " has been more proven out as a rule except for a very few exceptions like Margaret Thatcher.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ They flesh out his views far more expansively than a single, edited, interview does and provide a more nuanced assessment than is presented in this interview.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

.Political power was gradually confined to those whose forefathers had held political power.^ Again, what sets democracies and dictatorships apart from one another is whether political power is held by the people in general or by a small clique or even a single person.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is our contention, to be explored later in more detail, that political defiance, or nonviolent struggle, is the most powerful means available to those struggling for freedom.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Political defiance, unlike violence, is uniquely suited to severing those sources of power.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

.This was what the later nobility of Rome was always striving at, and what they did to a great extent practically establish.^ They did a great job with the black community!
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The eye certainly did see both small and great, but only in a confused manner; they were not distinguished.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The people have always some champion whom they set over them and nurse into greatness.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.But, as the exclusive privileges of the nobility were never recognized by any legal or formal act, men like Gaius Marius would ever and anon thrust themselves in.^ "I would have liked to have been president, but I never had the money.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ Nor would you praise the behaviour of States which act like the men whom I was just now describing.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And therefore they are likely to do harm to our young men—you would agree with me there?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

The privileges which the Venetian nobility took to themselves were established by acts which, if not legal, were at least formal. .The Roman nobility, resting wholly on sufferance, was overthrown by the ambition of one of its own members.^ For here, as Mr. Grote has remarked, is a wonderful thing, that one of the wisest and best of men should have entertained ideas of morality which are wholly at variance with our own.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Venetian nobility, resting also in its beginnings on sufferance, but on sufferance which silently obtained the force of law, lasted as long as Venice remained a separate state.^ If the separation of powers (the same as check and balances) is so good why is it removed in emergency situations (martial law, state of emergency, state of siege)?
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite all these victories, the police state did suffered one setback during the last two months.

^ Living not long after the Wars of the Roses, and in the dregs of the Catholic Church in England, he is indignant at the corruption of the clergy, at the luxury of the nobility and gentry, at the sufferings of the poor, at the calamities caused by war.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The hereditary oligarchy of Venice was established by a series of changes which took place between the years 1297 and 1319. All of them together really go to make up the "Shutting of the Great Council," a name which is formally given to the act of the first of those years.^ When all is in place, the reality we will have created for them will own them.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He is named and his parentage given by Orderic Vitalis, who lists him third among his father's sons by his first marriage [458] .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ Was it that they really were going out, and it had been a planned thing, and she had simply forgotten all about it?
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1172 the Great Council began as an elective body; it gradually ousted the popular assembly from all practical power.^ The assembly shall have the power of impeachment, by the vote of a majority of all the members elected.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

.It was, as might be looked for, commonly filled by members of distinguished families, descendants of ancient magistrates, who were already beginning to be looked on as noble.^ The necrology of Haute-Bruyre lists members of the Montfort family who are buried in the abbey, including " le conte Jean fils du conte Amaury " [1818] .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ Iraq amended its Penal Code to exempt men who murder female family members in the name of family honor, after which Iraqi men murdered over 4,000 female relatives.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ What is the status of third parties, not immediately involved in the conflict, who already assist or might assist, either the dictatorship or the democratic movement, and if so in what ways?
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

.The series of revolutions already spoken of first made descent from former councillors a necessary qualification for election to the council; then election was abolished, and the council consisted of all descendants of its existing members who had reached the age of twenty-five.^ The council consists of five mem bers.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It would have been necessary for a lot of people to die in order to not have the former slaves re-enslaved in all but literal terms.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ D) have in all ages ravished the hearts of men, who have seen reflected in them their own higher nature.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Thus the optimates of Venice did what the optimates of Rome strove to do: they established a nobility whose one qualification was descent from those who had held office in past times.^ It will be considered with reference to the qualifications of the electors the qualifications of the members; the number of members; the duration of their office; and the time and place of their election.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So please don’t click the link if you are one of those people who sees nothing!
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It appears that, at any one time, there were no more than a dozen or so different nobles who are named in contemporary documentation with the title " dux " or ealdorman.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is what the nobility of office, if left unchecked, naturally grows into.^ Maybe he'll grow into the office.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ And thus the whole State will grow up in a noble order, and the several classes will receive the proportion of happiness which nature assigns to them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.But the particular way in which oligarchy was finally established at Venice had some singular results.^ And this, speaking generally, is the way in which oligarchy is established.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Some of the great families which were already looked on as noble were not represented in the council at the time of the shutting; of others some branches were represented and others not.^ It will now be time, I said, for us to return to our State and see whether this or some other form is most in accordance with these fundamental principles.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To him, as to other great teachers both philosophical and religious, when they looked upward, the world seemed to be the embodiment of error and evil.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No other reference to him has been found, but on the basis of his name it looks likely that he was related to the family of Godwin Earl of Wessex.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These families and branches of families, however noble they might be in descent, were thus shut out from all the n political privileges of nobility.^ Clearly, all political changes originate in divisions of the actual governing power; a government which is united, however small, cannot be moved.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Strikingly, however, it added that even if countries reached agreement on the depth of the cuts necessary to their budgets, they could face difficulties in carrying out the cuts.

^ Thus liberty, when out of all order and reason, passes into the worst form of servitude.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.When one branch of a family was admitted and one shut out we have an analogy to the patrician and plebeian Claudii, though the distinction had come about in quite another way.^ Admitting that women differ from men in capacity, do not men equally differ from one another?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At that point it will no longer be a question in society about whether one group among the people is going to oppress and dominate another.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Easy to forget - it only comes up when there's an occasional visit from one of her family.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.And in the Great Council itself we have the lively image of the aristocratic popular assembly of Rome, the assembly of the populus, that of the curiae, where every man of patrician birth had his place.^ For ‘every one having his own’ is the great object of government; and 434 the great object of trade is that every man should do his own business.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There were lives of every animal and of man in every condition.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The two institutions are the same, only the way in which they came about is exactly opposite.^ The same thing in the same relation cannot be affected in two opposite ways.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There were also significant changes in the world - - the world was not configured exactly the same way as it was in the period leading into World War 2.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Dictatorship only succeed in implementing whatever policies they have in mind without opposition.But it does not show that Dictatorship is the answer for economical problem in a country.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

.The assembly of curiae at Rome, originally the democratic assembly of the original people, first grew into an aristocratic assembly, and then died out altogether as a new Roman people, with its own assembly, grew up by its side.^ But the fact is, there was a consensus among the people who own the media that they didn't want Dean, and that the Democratic Party leaders didn't want Dean as the candidate.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Vidal originally became pro-Obama because he grew up in "a black city" (meaning Washington), as well as being impressed by Obama's intelligence.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ Among early enquirers into the nature of human action the arts helped to fill up the void of speculation; and at first the comparison of the arts and the virtues was not perceived by them to be fallacious.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

It was a primitive institution which gradually changed its character by force of circumstances. It died out, supplanted by other and newer powers, when it became altogether unsuited to the times. .The Great Council of Venice was anything but a primitive institution; it was the artificial institution of a late age, which grew at the expense of earlier institutions, of the prince on the one side and of the people on the other.^ But so long as there is democracy among one part of society, that will inevitably be part of a dictatorship exercised by that part of society, even if "that part of society" represents and increasingly draws in the great majority of people.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But if you deal with them as many, and give the wealth or power or persons of the one to the others, you will always have a great many friends and not many enemies.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The High Court of Australia determined that those people on the other side of the planet, erred, even by their own laws.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But the two different roads led to the same result.^ It sometimes happens that two different sets of partners carry on business in the same social name, and that one of the partners is a member of both firms.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Since it’s just the same thing being described two different ways, I don’t think it can be.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If Margaret had also been Raouls daughter, this would lead to the improbable (although not impossible) coincidence that two of his daughters married two different individuals with the same name.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

.The Great Council of Venice, the curiae of Rome, were each of them the assembly of a privileged class, an assembly in which every member of that class had a right to a place, an assembly which might be called popular as far as the privileged class was concerned, though rigidly oligarchic as regarded the excluded classes.^ Consequently, the new clique-in which hopes may have been placed-will be able to do whatever it wants without concern for democracy or human rights.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to a member of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, "trials do not take place in accordance with law.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The governor shall be chosen by the qualified voters for the members of the house of commons, at such time and places as members of the general assembly are elected.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

.But, close as the likeness is, it is merely a superficial likeness, because it is the result of opposite causes working in opposite directions.^ Like Plato, he has a vision of the unity of knowledge, not as the beginning of philosophy to be attained by a study of elementary mathematics, but as the far-off result of the working of many minds in many ages.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Simply because the opposition between them is partial only, like the difference between a male physician and a female physician, not running through the whole nature, like the difference between a physician and a carpenter.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is like two men who are both for a moment in the same place, though their faces are turned in opposite ways.^ The same thing in the same relation cannot be affected in two opposite ways.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It's interesting though -- a lot of them, the people grouped around Bush, and a lot of the people who want to promote religious fundamentalism -- they actually in some ways like to promote post-modernism.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This was the sort of thing which was being said, and then the argument turned aside and veiled her face; not liking to stir the question which has now arisen.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.If the later nobilitas of Rome had established an assembly in which every one who had the jus imaginum had a vote and none other, that would have been a real parallel to the shutting of the Venetian Great Council; for it would have come about through the working of causes which are essentially the same.^ The electors are the same who vote for senators.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One who is the maker of all the works of all other workmen.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In other words, essentially none, when it comes down to the fundamental issues.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.The nobility which was thus formed at Venice is the very model of a civic nobility, a nobility which is also an aristocracy.^ And the new government which thus arises will be of a form intermediate between oligarchy and aristocracy?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.In a monarchy, despotic or constitutional, there cannot in strictness be an aristocracy, because the whole political power cannot be vested in the noble Venice class.^ Clearly, all political changes originate in divisions of the actual governing power; a government which is united, however small, cannot be moved.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Past Afghan constitutions failed to ensure national unity and long-term stability, partially because the population as a whole felt excluded from the drafting process.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We must learn from its successes and its mistakes, but we cannot give up on the approach of revolutionary communism, simply because there is no alternative.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

But in the Venetian commonwealth the nobility was a real aristocracy. .All political power was vested in the noble class; the prince sank to a magistrate, keeping only some of the outward forms of sovereignty; the mass of the people were shut out altogether.^ I proposed that Homer and Aristotle might appear at the head of all their commentators; but these were so numerous that some hundreds were forced to attend in the court and outward rooms of the palace.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Clearly, all political changes originate in divisions of the actual governing power; a government which is united, however small, cannot be moved.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Does Stalin really arise out of Marx’s thinking at some point that he knew what was really good for people?
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

.And, if no government on earth ever fully carried out the literal meaning of aristocracy as the rule of the best, these civic nobilities come nearer to it than any other form of government.^ And that the best of these must rule.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Monarchy is the best form of government..
  • Is Democracy a superior form of government? - Religion & Politics - General Discussion - MMORPG.com Forums 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All ruling government needs discipline, disregard the form of the government.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

.They do really seem to engender a kind of hereditary capacity in their members.^ The mistake they really seem to be making is thinking that some set of ideas alone leads to some political structure.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the face of overwhelming evidence, most Americans not only seem totally unaware of this reality, they seem unwilling to even remotely entertain the notion.

^ But I like my reading for the following reason: it seems to me that Murray has a false consciousness reading of the middle, in the following, weak sense: people aren’t saying what they really think.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

.Less favourable than either monarchy or democracy to the growth of occasional great men, they are more favourable than either to the constant supply of a succession of able men, qualified to carry on the work of government.^ Greatness is more than potential.
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

^ And in the democracy they are certainly more intensified.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Demanding that this system “works for Main Street” is either incredibly naïve, or more likely, an incredibly deceptive distraction.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Their weak point lies in their necessary conservatism; they cannot advance and adapt themselves to changed circumstances, as either monarchy or democracy can.^ Monarchies are not democracies - they are monarchies.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Far more often, nonviolent struggle operates by changing the conflict situation and the society so that the opponents simply cannot do as they like.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Either these so-called sons of gods were not the sons of gods, or they were not such as the poets imagine them, any more than the gods themselves are the authors of evil.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.When, therefore, their goodness is gone, their corruption becomes worse than the corruption of either of the other forms of government.^ Why, in the first place, although they are all of a good sort, are not some better than others?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We have a monarch with no power other than to remind people of what good manners are.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the other hand it is negative rather than positive; it is indignant at wrong or falsehood, but does not, like Love in the Symposium and Phaedrus, aspire to the vision of Truth or Good.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.All this is signally shown in the history both of Venice and of other aristocratic cities.^ The gods, taking the disguise of strangers from other lands, walk up and down cities in all sorts of forms 1 ;’ .
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And yet, I said, all these are as nothing either in number or greatness in comparison with those other recompenses which await both just and unjust after death.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Also that the same quality which constitutes courage in the State constitutes courage in the individual, and that both the State and the individual bear the same relation to all the other virtues?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.But we are concerned with them now only as instances of one form of nobility.^ Now he was one of those who came from heaven, and in a former life had dwelt in a well-ordered State, but his virtue was a matter of habit only, and he had no philosophy.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Now I meant that you should admit the utility; and in this way, as I thought, I should escape from one of them, and then there would remain only the possibility.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But there are only two ideas or forms of them—one the idea of a bed, the other of a table.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The civic aristocracies did not all arise in the same way.^ And really, it didn't work out in the same way as the Soviet policy in relation to World War 2 did, even with all the very great problems with that.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He shall be worshipped after death in the manner prescribed by the oracle; and not only he, but all other benefactors of the State who die in any other way, shall be admitted to the same honours.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Venice is the best type of one way in which they rose; but it is by no means the only way.^ For they investigate only the numbers of the consonances which are heard, and ascend no higher,—of the true numerical harmony which is unheard, and is only to be found in problems, they have not even a conception.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They are mutually reinforcing, one way or the other.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The sphere of the intelligible will also have two divisions,—one of mathematics, in which there is no ascent but all is descent; no inquiring into premises, but only drawing of inferences.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

In not a few of the Italian cities nobility had an origin and ran a course quite unlike the origin and the course which were its lot at Venice. .The nobles of many cities were simply the nobles of the surrounding country changed, sometimes greatly against their will, into citizens.^ Our city will now require the slight addition of a camp, and the citizen will be converted into a soldier.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many countries today are in a state of rapid economic, political, and social change.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And what will a man such as he is be likely to do under such circumstances, especially if he be a citizen of a great city, rich and noble, and a tall proper youth?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Such a nobility differed far more widely from either the Roman or the Venetian patriciate than they differed from one another.^ Yes, he will feel such a misfortune far less than another.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Either they arm the multitude, and then they are more afraid of them than of the enemy; or, if they do not call them out in the hour of battle, they are oligarchs indeed, few to fight as they are few to rule.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Far more often, nonviolent struggle operates by changing the conflict situation and the society so that the opponents simply cannot do as they like.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

.It wanted the element of legality, or at least of formality, which distinguished both these bodies.^ Out of respect for these individuals and their legal situations, I want to be clear that I'm not speaking about anyone in particular.

.The privileges of the Roman patriciate, whatever we may call them, were not usurpations; and, if we call the privileges of the Venetian nobility usurpations, they were stealthy and peaceful usurpations, founded on something other than mere violence.^ And what do they call them in other States?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Either they arm the multitude, and then they are more afraid of them than of the enemy; or, if they do not call them out in the hour of battle, they are oligarchs indeed, few to fight as they are few to rule.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Once the restraining force of internal and international opposition has been removed, dictators may even make their oppression and violence more brutal than before.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

But in many Italian cities the position of the nobles, if it did not begin in violence, was maintained by violence, and was often overthrown by violence. .They remained, in short, as unruly and isolated within the walls of the cities as they had ever been without.^ Then, again, within the city, how will they exchange their productions?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.A nobility of this kind often gave way to a democracy which either proved as turbulent as itself, or else grew into an oligarchy ruling under democratic forms.^ Can't the democrats appeal to the dictators' sense of common humanity and convince them to reduce their domination bit by bit, and perhaps finally to give way completely to the establishment of a democracy?
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So, you are not equal before the law in all those kinds of ways either.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And the tyrannical man in the true sense of the word comes into being when, either under the influence of nature, or habit, or both, he becomes drunken, lustful, passionate?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Thus at Florence the old nobles became the opposite to a privileged class.^ And thus the whole State will grow up in a noble order, and the several classes will receive the proportion of happiness which nature assigns to them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

The process which at Rome gradually gave the plebeian a political advantage over the patrician was carried at Florence to a far greater length at a single blow. .The whole noble order was disfranchised; to be noble was equivalent to being shut out from public office.^ And thus the whole State will grow up in a noble order, and the several classes will receive the proportion of happiness which nature assigns to them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Public money is being used to bail out banks and wage foreign wars while the recession continues to destroy jobs and drive down wages.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

.But something like a new nobility presently grew up among the commons themselves; there were popolani grossi at Florence just as there were noble plebeians at Rome.^ Just like with the creation of something called The International Communist Conspiracy.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • scientific dictatorship « Therearenosunglasses’s Weblog 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC therearenosunglasses.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hey brothers … There’s something new going down.

^ There is much more to be learned, critically summed up and brought forward, that is new in this regard.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.Only the Roman commons, great and small, never shut out the patricians from office; they were satisfied to share office with them.^ And will they not be lovers of Hellas, and think of Hellas as their own land, and share in the common temples?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He asks only ‘What good have they done?’ and is not satisfied with the reply, that ‘They have given innocent pleasure to mankind.’ .
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Are the lovers of sights and sounds, who let out their ears to every chorus at the Dionysiac festivals, to be called philosophers?’ They are not true philosophers, but only an imitation.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.In short, the shutting out of the old nobility was, if not the formation of a new nobility, at least the formation of a Civic new privileged class.^ After consolidating its position, the new clique may turn out to be more ruthless and more ambitious than the old one.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Liberalism also yearns for radical change, but it mistrusts old solutions to problems and privileges the new and untried.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm hoping to be a land baron in the new Republic of Texas, or at least have a place to hide out and be able to grow some food.
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

.For a certain class of citizens to be condemned, by virtue of their birth, to political disfranchisement is as flatly against every principle of democracy as for a certain class of citizens to enjoy exclusive rights by reason of birth.^ He did not reflect that Sparta was great, not in consequence of the relaxation of morality, but in spite of it, by virtue of a political principle stronger far than existed in any other Grecian state.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Instead it provided all Afghan "citizens" with equal rights and protection against discrimination, 354 without stating clearly that women are citizens.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But the ruling class do not want remedies; they care only for money, and are as careless of virtue as the poorest of the citizens.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Florentine democracy was, in truth, rather to be called an oligarchy, if we accept the best definition of democracy (see Thucydides vi.^ That, however, was not, as I believe, your question—you rather desired to know what is that disorder which is generated alike in oligarchy and democracy, and is the ruin of both?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ See my essay: “The United States, Cuba and this thing called Democracy”.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • scientific dictatorship « Therearenosunglasses’s Weblog 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC therearenosunglasses.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then you see that this knowledge may be truly called necessary, necessitating as it clearly does the use of the pure intelligence in the attainment of pure truth?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.39), namely, that it is the rule of the whole, while oligarchy is the rule of a part only.^ And so by reason of the smallest part or class, and of the knowledge which resides in this presiding and ruling part of itself, the whole State, being thus constituted according 429 to nature, will be wise; and this, which has the only knowledge worthy to be called wisdom, has been ordained by nature to be of all classes the least.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I dare say that you remember, and therefore I need not remind you, that a lover, if he is worthy of the name, ought to show his love, not to some one part of that which he loves, but to the whole.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Once more let me ask: Does he who desires any class of goods, desire the whole class or a part only?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is in these aristocractic cities, of which Venice was the most fully developed model, that we can best see what nobility really is.^ We will prove that these sort of actions can only undermine the possibility of development finally kicking in this countries, since dictatorship is the best way to achieve it.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In most situations the dictatorship is best equipped for violent struggle and the military realities rarely, if ever, favor the democrats.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ REAL nobility would have blown the whistle on the bloody behaviour of these Empire builders but, truth is, it still goes on.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is in these only that we can see nobility in its purest form - nobility to which no man can rise and from which no man can come down except by the will of the noble class itself.^ Somebody, Ah, it has come down to cheap shot responses…I guess you have no intelligent comeback, or a reasonable well-thought out viewpoint to debate.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I see no evidence of: "...a system of power which discriminates on the grounds of sex and religion and which represents values steeped in the class ridden culture of the British aristocracy.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Vidal comes from a time in which such behavior was not only unacceptable in public but down right criminal.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

In a monarchy, where the king can ennoble, this ideal cannot be kept. Nor could it be kept in the later nobility of Rome. .The new man had much to strive against, but he could sometimes thrust himself through, and when he did his descendants had their jus imaginum. But at Venice neither prince nor people could open the door of the Great Council; only the Great Council itself could do that.^ A great work, too, will have been accomplished by them.’ Great, yes, but not the greatest; for man is a social being, and can only attain his highest development in the society which is best suited to him.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It's hard to believe that the great mass of the American public would ever bestir itself to challenge the empire at home until things get much, much worse.

^ A complete governmental void could open the way to chaos or a new dictatorship.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

.That in the better times of the aristocracy nobility was not uncommonly granted to worthy persons, that in its worse times it was more commonly sold to unworthy persons, was the affair of the aristocratic body itself.^ All is habit: people have at last found out that the exposure is better than the concealment of the person, and now they laugh no more.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And will he then change himself for the better and fairer, or for the worse and more unsightly?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.That body, at all events, could not be degraded save by its own act.^ Our own pasture is our own body and mind, within is all the mysteries of the universe.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

But these grants and sales led to distinctions within the ranks of the noble order, like those of which we get faint glimpses among the Roman patricians. The ducal dignity rarely passed out of a circle of specially old and distinguished families. But this has often been the case with the high magistracies of commonwealths whose constitutions were purely democratic.
.From this purest type of nobility, as seen in the aristocratic commonwealths, we may pass to nobility as seen in states of greater extent - that is, for the most part in monarchies.^ And will our pupils, when they hear this, refuse to take their turn at the toils of State, when they are allowed to spend the greater part of their time with one another in the heavenly light?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Is not this an enquiry which may be expected to throw light on the greater enquiry which is our final end—How do justice and injustice grow up in States?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Emma: "Your all forgetting the most important reason to stay as a monarchy - the Commonwealth games, how else are we supposed to win medals?"
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are two marked differences between the two.^ Party; but then he also says there's little difference between the two main parties, so ....
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ There is a difference between nonfeasance and misfeasance, (q.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For among ourselves, too, there have been two sorts of Politicians or Statesmen, whose eyesight has become disordered in two different ways.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.They are differences which seem to be inherent in the difference between a republic and a monarchy, but which it would be truer to say are inherent in the difference between a body of men packed close together within the walls of a city and a body of men - if we can call them a body - scattered over a wide territory..^ Can there be strife and contention among those who are of one mind; or lawsuits about property when men have nothing but their bodies which they call their own; or suits about violence when every one is bound to defend himself?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then, again, within the city, how will they exchange their productions?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Slaves are on a level with their masters and mistresses, and there is no difference between men and women.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The member of a civic nobility is more than a member of an order; he is a member of a corporation; he has no powers, he has hardly any being, apart from the body of which he is a member.^ No more than this?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior court of common pleas in each of the counties in this state after the terms of the judges of said court now in office shall terminate.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ She suddenly felt more lucid than she had ever felt in her whole life, yet she was unable to speak, trapped inside her own body.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.He has a vote in making the laws or in choosing those who make them; but when they are made he is, if anything, more strictly bound by them than the citizen of the non-privileged order.^ Those who suppress freedom always do so in the name of law and order.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Either they arm the multitude, and then they are more afraid of them than of the enemy; or, if they do not call them out in the hour of battle, they are oligarchs indeed, few to fight as they are few to rule.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The name of a writ which issued to relieve a tenant upon, whom his lord had distrained for more services than he was bound to perform.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

To be a fraction of the corporate sovereign, if it had its gains, had also its disadvantages; the Venetian noble was fettered by burthens, restrictions and suspicions from which the Venetian citizen was free. .The noble of the large country, on the other hand, the rural noble, as he commonly will be, is a member of an order, but he is hardly a member of a corporation; he is isolated; he acts apart from the rest of the body and wins powers for himself apart from the rest of the body.^ Good he pronounces to be that in which the beast delights and evil to be that which he dislikes; and he can give no other account of them except that the just and noble are the necessary, having never himself seen, and having no power of explaining to others the nature of either, or the difference between them, which is immense.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But, on the other hand, if he has no money, and cannot provide himself with tools or instruments, he will not work equally well himself, nor will he teach his sons or apprentices to work equally well.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand it may be doubted whether our present notions of property are not conventional, for they differ in different countries and in different states of society.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.He shows a tendency - a tendency whose growth will be more or less checked according to the strength of the central power - to grow into something of a lord or even a prince on his own account, a growth which may advance to the scale of a German elector or stop at that of an English lord of a manor.^ My characterization may be tolerably accurate, even though the German understands none of the words I am using.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In our own age even Utopias affect the spirit of legislation, and an abstract idea may exercise a great influence on practical politics.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is quite possible that a child born at one hymeneal festival may marry one of its own brothers or sisters, or even one of its parents, at another.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Now many of these tendencies were carried into those Italian cities where the civic nobility was a half-tamed country nobility; but they have no place in the true civic aristocracies.^ Until, then, kings are philosophers, or philosophers are kings, cities will never cease from ill: no, nor the human race; nor will our ideal polity ever come into being.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If the people yield, well and good; but, if they resist, then, as before he beat his father and mother, so now he beats his fatherland and motherland, and places his mercenaries over them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are many of them: take as an example the pleasures of smell, which are very great and have no antecedent pains; they come in a moment, and when they depart leave no pain behind them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Let us take one typical example.^ Let us take that class, he said.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But some one will say that God, who is himself unchangeable, may take a form in relation to us.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And each art gives us a particular good and not merely a general one—medicine, for example, gives us health; navigation, safety at sea, and so on?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.In many parts of western Europe the right of private war long remained the privilege of every noble, as it had once been the privilege of every freeman.^ Holdren appears to be another in a long line of "reluctant" tyrants who are willing to do the hard but "right" thing to see their private obsessions enforced on the rest of us.
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

^ We ask what is the origin of marriage, and we are told that like the right of property, after many wars and contests, it has gradually arisen out of the selfishness of barbarians.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States supported and in many cases engendered every right wing military dictatorship in the world after the end of the Second World War.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

And in some Italian cities, the right, or at least the privilege, of private war was continued within the city walls. .But no power of imagination can conceive an acknowledged right of private war in Rome, Venice or Bern.^ No, I said; not if we were right in the principle which was acknowledged by all of us when we were framing the State: the principle, as you will remember, was that one man cannot practise many arts with success.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Even modern writers would acknowledge that the right of private property is based on expediency, and may be interfered with in a variety of ways for the public good.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The other point of difference is that, whatever we take for the origin and the definition of nobility, in most countries it became something that could be given from outside, without the need of any consent on the part of the noble class itself.^ British school teachers have also been given the authority to frisk school children and search their school bags for drugs without consent , because we know how seriously Britain takes drug enforcement .

^ In 1999 Dinazad, the Republican "movement" was so up itself that it could not stop bitching and moaning to come up with something that was agreeable - even amongst themselves.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's just taking place in a completely different context where one part of society is not dominating and essentially shutting out the rest of society from taking part in the struggle and decision-making over that.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.In other words, the king or other prince can ennoble.^ Will any one deny the other point, that there may be sons of kings or princes who are by nature philosophers?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.We have seen how much this takes away from the true notion of nobility as understood in the aristocratic commonwealths.^ No matter how much they yell, the truth remains to be seen in these militants and their actions.

^ I'm amazed how much of that 1957 book is coming true right now.
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

.The nobility is no longer all-powerful; it may be constrained to admit within its own body members for whose presence it has no wish.^ I will try, I said; and I wish you would share the enquiry with me, and say ‘yes’ or ‘no’ when I attempt to distinguish in my own mind what branches of knowledge have this attracting power, in order that we may have clearer proof that arithmetic is, as I suspect, one of them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In like manner the good may be said to be not only the author of knowledge to all things known, but of their being and essence, and yet the good is not essence, but far exceeds essence in dignity and power.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You most certainly have “free will” and may opt to cut short your own lineage by voluntarily sterilizing yourself AND your family members.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.Where this power exists the nobility is no longer in any strictness an aristocracy; it may have great privileges, great influence, even great legal powers, but it is not the real ruling body, like the true aristocracy of Venice.^ Their beauty is like the beauty of figures drawn by the hand of Daedalus or any other 530 great artist, which may be used for illustration, but no mathematician would seek to obtain from them true conceptions of equality or numerical relations.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When the Communists realized that these groups had changed the power realities, Solidarity was again banned and the Communists resorted to military rule.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It may be that the saint or philosopher who is best fitted, may also be the least inclined to rule, but necessity is laid upon him, and he must no longer live in the heaven of 521 ideas.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the modern states of western Europe the existing nobility seems to have for the most part had its origin in personal service to the prince.^ Despotism in all ages has had an apparatus of false ideas and false teachers at its service—in the history of Modern Europe as well as of Greece and Rome.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We boast of an individualism which is not freedom, but rather an artificial result of the industrial state of modern Europe.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In many ways that state of affairs exists today, but it’s unseen by all but the most observant individuals.

.And this nobility by personal service seems commonly to have supplanted an older nobility, in early the origirrof which was, in some cases at least, strictly immemorial.^ However, it seems equally unlikely that King Harold II would not have publicised a noble descent, if he had one, to demonstrate his suitability to accede to the throne in early 1066.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In this way the later nobility of the thegns was in England substituted for the older nobility of the eorls. Now the analogy between this change and the change from the Roman patriciate to the later Roman nobilitas is obvious. In both cases the older nobility gives way to a newer; and in both cases the newer nobility was a nobility of office. .Under a kingly government office bestowed by the sovereign holds the same place which office bestowed by the people holds in a popular government.^ After the Karzai government took office, "many former Taliban officials [were] sitting in the same government positions they held when Mullah Mohammad Omar was still in charge."
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Under today’s decision, multinational corporations controlled by foreign governments” would have the same rights as Americans to spend money to tilt U.S. elections, he said.

This new nobility of office supplanted, or perhaps rather absorbed, the older nobility, just as the later nobilitas of Rome supplanted or absorbed the old patriciate. .In our first glimpse of Teutonic institutions, as given us by Tacitus, this older nobility appears as strictly immemorial (see Waitz, Deutsche Verfassungsgeschichte, i.185 sq.^ And let us ask and answer in turn, first going back to the 490 description of the gentle and noble nature.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Holdren appears to be another in a long line of "reluctant" tyrants who are willing to do the hard but "right" thing to see their private obsessions enforced on the rest of us.
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

^ Given the current lock that authoritarianism has on the human mind - apparently yours included - it's not likely that either of us will live long enough to see it tried.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

), and its immemorial character appears also in the well-known legend in the Rigsmal-saga of the separate creation of jarl, karl and thrall. .These represent the three classes of mankind according to old Teutonic ideas - the noble, the simple freeman and the bondman.^ The idea that someone can arbitrarily decide for the working class what is "representative" of working class lives.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ The idea is this: you have three brains: the new brain that thinks, the middle brain that feels and the old brain that decides.

^ II. The idea of the perfect State is full of paradox when judged of according to the ordinary notions of mankind.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The kingly house, where there is one, is not a distinct class; it is simply the noblest of the noble.^ If there be a fourth virtue, that can only be sought for in the relation of the three parts in the soul or classes in the State to one another.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It appears that, at any one time, there were no more than a dozen or so different nobles who are named in contemporary documentation with the title " dux " or ealdorman.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But do not put this idea into our heads; for, 421 if we listen to you, the husbandman will be no longer a husbandman, the potter will cease to be a potter, and no one will have the character of any distinct class in the State.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.For, as almost everywhere else, this Teutonic nobility admits of degrees, though it is yet harder to say in what the degrees of nobility consisted than to say in what nobility consisted itself.^ Some of them are unlawful, and yet admit of being chastened and weakened in various degrees by the power of reason and law.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It’s no less ridiculous than someone saying he’s “against” Hitler yet *for* Nazi-style concentration camps and mass extermination of Jews.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I agree in what you are saying, he replied, which may be hard to believe, yet, from another point of view, is harder still to deny.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The older nobility is independent of the possession of land; it is independent of office about the sovereign; it is hard to say what were the powers and privileges attached to it; but of its existence there is no doubt.^ There can be no doubt about the numerous difficulties in which this question is involved.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There can be no doubt of it.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No doubt about it,’ replies Thrasymachus.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.But in no part of Europe can the existing nobility trace itself to this immemorial nobility of primitive days; the nobility of medieval and modern days springs from the later nobility of office.^ She took no part in military or political matters; nor is there any instance in the later ages of Greece of a woman becoming famous in literature.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He also indicates that the system of caste, which existed in a great part of the ancient, and is by no means extinct in the modern European world, should be set aside from time to time in favour of merit.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ 'Queen of England' which the title itself does no longer exist" .
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The nobles of modern Europe are rather thegnas than eorlas. The eorl of the old system would doubtless commonly become a thegn under the new, as the Roman patrician took his place in the new nobilitas; but others could take their place there also.^ What other reason could there have been?
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Formerly new trials could be obtained only with the greatest difficulties, but by the modern practice, they are liberally granted in furtherance of justice.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I am sure now the average citizen is more educated, and that a better system that benefits the people rather than politicians could be established.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Old-English laws point out ways by which the churl might rise to thegn's rank, and in the centuries during which the change went on we find mention - complaining mention - both in England and elsewhere, at the court of Charles the Simple and at the court of 'Ethelred, of the rise of new men to posts of authority.^ The point is that Mao was trying to find new ways to do this.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Might I point out how increasingly rarely children play freely outside in your superior world?
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps this means that if the USA is ever taken over by dictators too, then we too might be able to find our way back.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

.The story that Earl Godwine himself was of churlish birth, whether true or false, marks the possibility of such a rise.^ An obscure origin seems unlikely given Earl Godwin's swift rise to power during the reign of King Canute.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And so, whether our conclusion be true or false, let us assume all this, and proceed at once from the prelude or preamble to the chief strain 1 , and describe that in like manner.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Very true, Adeimantus; but then, would any one, whether God or man, desire to make himself worse?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

A still wilder tale spoke of Hugh Capet as the son of a butcher of Paris. .Stories like these prove even more than the real rise of Hagano and Eadric.^ The intellectual more real than the sensual.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then the wise and good will not desire to gain more than his like, but more than his unlike and opposite?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ William Says: July 13th, 2009 at 10:20 am If the planet truly is overpopulating it is nothing more than the result to something these “elites” are the cause of.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.In England the nobility of the thegns was to a great extent personally displaced, so to speak, by the results of the Norman Conquest.^ Examples of such families who settled in England after the Norman conquest are Briouse, Lacy, Malet, Peveril, Say and Taillebois (see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY), about whom next to nothing is known in Normandy.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ This suggests a close-knit community of "first tier" nobility in Anglo-Saxon England, probably closely related to each other, similar to the situation in post-conquest England.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the Norman conquest of England, William I King of England gave Baudouin about 160 lordships in Devon, Dorset and Somerset, among which he became Lord of Okehampton, Devon.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

But the idea of nobility did not greatly change. .The English thegn sometimes yielded to, sometimes changed into, the Norman baron, using that word in its widest sense, without any violent alteration in his position.^ And the tyrannical man in the true sense of the word comes into being when, either under the influence of nature, or habit, or both, he becomes drunken, lustful, passionate?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Will not the passionate man who carries his passion into action, be in the like case, whether he is envious and ambitious, or violent and contentious, or angry and discontented, if he be seeking to attain honour and victory and the satisfaction of his anger without reason or sense?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Very true, he said; and I think that we had better correct an error into which we seem to have fallen in the use of the words ‘friend’ and ‘enemy.’ .
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The notion of holding land of the king became more prominent than the notion of personal service done to the king; but, as the land was held by the tenure of personal service, the actual relation hardly changed.^ The name of a writ which issued to relieve a tenant upon, whom his lord had distrained for more services than he was bound to perform.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I know from my own experience, you can keep going back to it and getting more and more out of it, the more that you actually look at experience and think about this statement in relation to experience.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The fear mongering conducted by the monarchists in relation to consitutional change is a tactic designed to "Hold up" the process!
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But the connexion between nobility and the holding of land comes out in the practice by which the lord so constantly took the name of his lordship.^ The Historia Salonitanorum of Thomas Archdeacon of Split names " Symon comes de Monteforti " as one of the leaders of the army which landed at Zadar in Oct 1203 [1787] .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

.It is in this way that the prefixes de and von, descriptions in themselves essentially local, have become in other lands badges of nobility.^ Whether he killed himself or died some other way, Dave had become a “Dead Man Walking” from the moment he came home from Iraq.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

This notion has died out in England by the dropping of the preposition; but it long lived on wherever Latin or French was used. And before long nobility won for itself a distinguishing outward badge. The device of hereditary coat-armour, a growth of the 12th century, did much to define and mark out the noble class throughout Europe. .As it could be acquired by grant of the sovereign, and as, when once acquired, it went on from generation to generation, it answers exactly to the jus imaginum at Rome, the hereditary badge of nobility conferred by the election of the people.^ I have tried to find out exactly what the list means, yet I've found no solid answers, but instead a general sense of paranoia, confusion and unease .

.Those who possessed the right of coatarmour by immemorial use, or by grant in regular form, formed the class of nobility or gentry, words which, it must again be remembered, are strictly of the same meaning.^ Come up hither, I said, and behold the various forms of vice, those of them, I mean, which are worth looking at.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the novels of Justinian are the best known, and when the word novels only is mentioned, those of Justinian are always intended, he was not the first who gave the name of novels to his constitution and laws.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The cases which are justified by necessity, may be classed as follows: I. For the preservation of life; as if two persons are on the same plank, and one must perish, the survivor is justified in having thrown off the other, who was thereby drowned.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

.They held whatever privileges or advantages have attached in different times and places to the rank of nobility or gentry.^ At any rate we must admit that they hold a different place at different periods of the world’s history.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You could set up a local network to match up people who need to go to specific places at specific times, so that they can share rides.

^ It appears that, at any one time, there were no more than a dozen or so different nobles who are named in contemporary documentation with the title " dux " or ealdorman.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In England indeed a variety of causes hindered nobility or gentry from ever obtaining the importance which they obtained, for instance, in France.^ First -- and this is a lot of history that is often covered over -- they tried to get France and England and even the U.S. to unite with them in certain ways to oppose German expansionism.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Living not long after the Wars of the Roses, and in the dregs of the Catholic Church in England, he is indignant at the corruption of the clergy, at the luxury of the nobility and gentry, at the sufferings of the poor, at the calamities caused by war.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Greek tyrants were not insensible to the importance of awakening in their cause a Pseudo-Hellenic feeling; they were proud of successes at the Olympic games; they were not devoid of the love of literature and art.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.But perhaps no cause was more important than the growth of the peerage.^ No more than this?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior court of common pleas in each of the counties in this state after the terms of the judges of said court now in office shall terminate.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We need to increasingly win as many of them as possible to become revolutionary communist intellectuals, actively partisan to our cause, and more than that, to become part of the vanguard.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.That institution at once set up a new standard of nobility, a new form of the nobility of office.^ A tallow chandler seeing up his baseness among other tallow chandlers, and increasing the noxious smells of the neighborhood, is not guilty of setting up a nuisance, unless the annoyance is much increased by the new manufactory.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Known for its precision, this special Rolex replica cartier watch model only has to be set once to the cartier watches standard time of the owner's choice.
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

^ Federal prosecutors have also set a new standard for potential sabotage penalties: life in jail plus, oh, say, about 300 years .

.The peer - in strictness, the peer in his own person only, not even his children - became the only noble; the ideas of nobility and gentry thus became divorced in a way in which they are not in any other country.^ Their parentage is given by Orderic Vitalis, which does not give the names of these other children but specifies that they died before their father 1873 .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ For they investigate only the numbers of the consonances which are heard, and ascend no higher,—of the true numerical harmony which is unheard, and is only to be found in problems, they have not even a conception.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For you fancy that shepherds and rulers never think of their own interest, but only of their sheep or subjects, whereas the truth is that they fatten them for their use, sheep and subjects alike.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Those who would elsewhere have been counted as the nobility, the bearers of coat-armour bygood right, were hindered from forming a class holding any substantial privilege.^ But in contrast to the far-right, those who look left of the Democrats are not given spotlights in the corporate-owned media.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the highest class, I replied,—among those goods which he who would be happy desires both for their own sake and for the sake of their results.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But when they returned to the den they would see much worse than those who had never left it.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

In a word, the growth of the peerage hindered the existence in England of any nobility in the continental sense of the word. .The esquires, knights, lesser barons, even the remote descendants of peers, that is, the noblesse of other countries, in England remained gentlemen, but not noblemen - simple commoners, that is, without legal advantage over their fellowcommoners who had no jus imaginum to boast of.^ And have you further observed, that those who have a natural talent for calculation are generally quick at every other kind of knowledge; and even the dull, if they have had an arithmetical training, although they may derive no other advantage from it, always become much quicker than they would otherwise have been.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hundreds of people detained without charge for over three years, with no legal representation or due process, technically detained forever.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then why in the case of lesser offices do men never take them willingly without payment, unless under the idea that 346 they govern for the advantage not of themselves but of others?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.There can be no doubt that the class in England which answers to the noblesse of other lands is the class that bears coat-armour, the gentry strictly so called.'^ There is no other way.

^ There can be no doubt of it.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There can be no other.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Had they been able to establish and to maintain any kind of privilege, even that of mere honorary precedence, they would exactly answer to continental nobility.^ The obvious answer is that they would not.

^ Or even saying that they would have to be paid to view that art or listen to that music.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ That is a question they cannot answer, for they cannot even agree that amongst themselves.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.That coat-armour has been lavishly granted and often assumed without right, that the word "gentleman" has acquired various secondary senses, proves nothing; that is the natural result of a state of things in which the status of gentry carries with it no legal advantage, and yet is eagerly sought after on social grounds.^ The drugs often prove no more effective than sugar pills, or placebos – and to accomplish even these limited positive results, the clinical trials and data that they generate typically have to be statistically manipulated” .

^ Now men have different natures, and one man will do one thing better than many: and business waits for no man.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And the creation of health is the institution of a natural order and government of one by another in the parts of the body; and the creation of disease is the production of a state of things at variance with this natural order?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.If coat-armour, and thereby the rank of gentry, has been lavishly granted, some may think that the rank of peerage has often been lavishly granted also.^ And I am sorry to say this but I think Vidal made some very good points, extreme though they may be.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.In short, there is no real nobility in England; for the class which answers to foreign nobility has so long ceased to have any practical privileges that it has long ceased to be looked on as a nobility, and the word nobility has been transferred to another class which has nothing answering to it out of the three British kingdoms.^ There really is no need to be harsh.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No, there is nothing else.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And there are no easy answers.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

2 This last ' This statement is mainly interesting as expressing the late Professor Freeman's view; it is, however, open to serious criticism. .Coat-armour was in itself not necessarily a badge of nobility at all; it could be, and was, worn by people having no pretensions to be "gentlemen," and this is true both of England and the continent.^ And this should certainly be no less true for communists than for other people.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Even if they were "politically allowed to do so," how could people who have to spend their lives working in this way be able to make informed decisions about all this?
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The constitution of the United States provides that no state shall " grant any title of nobility; and no person can become a citizen ot' the United States until he has renounced all titles of nobility."
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

In its origin it was a mere personal mark of distinction, in the primary sense of this word. .No "grant" was necessary; it was assumed by all and sundry who had occasion to use it, though a reasonable convention forbade one man to assume the device of another.^ Isn't it interesting that there are not one, but two of us loser trolls who are so obsessed with Sarah Palin that we use her name as a pseudonym?
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

^ Now men have different natures, and one man will do one thing better than many: and business waits for no man.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No, I said; not if we were right in the principle which was acknowledged by all of us when we were framing the State: the principle, as you will remember, was that one man cannot practise many arts with success.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

Later arose the custom of granting arms as a mark of personal favour or gratitude. .This again was not at the outset an exclusive right of the crown; it was common for a leader in battle to grant to some one not of his family, who had specially distinguished himself, the right to bear the whole or part of his coat of arms, differenced or undifferenced.^ There may come a time when the saying, ‘Have I not a right to do what I will with my own?’ will appear to be a barbarous relic of individualism;—when the possession of a part may be a greater blessing to cach and all than the possession of the whole is now to any one.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It may be admitted further that right and utility are co-extensive, and that he who makes the happiness of mankind his object has one of the highest and noblest motives of human action.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Keats-Rohan speculates that she was a member of the Laigle family based on the couple naming one of their sons Ingenulf [671] , although it is not clear that this family used this name exclusively.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

.On the other hand, many undoubted "gentlemen" never assumed arms at all.^ By the way, before you do, think of the children and grandchildren and all other descendants that will never be.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The old story, that there is a many beautiful and a many good, and so of other things which we describe and define; to all of them the term ‘many’ is applied.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For all other arts or sciences are relative to human needs and opinions; and the mathematical sciences are but a dream or hypothesis of true being, and never analyse their own principles.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The claim of the heralds to make "gentry" depend on the bearing of coat-armour, and the right to this depend on grant or recognition by themselves as officers of the crown, is of comparatively late growth.^ In 1114, he assisted Henry I King of England at the siege of Bellme, which he had previously claimed by hereditary right from his paternal grandmother and which the king granted to him after its capture.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ The name of a plea by which the defendant denies that the crown granted to the plaintiff by letters patent, the rights which he claims as a concession from the king; as, for example, when a plaintiff sues another for the infringement of his patent right, the defendant way deny that the crown has granted him such a right.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

See further the article Gentleman. - W. A. P.
2 Compare e.g. the social conditions of Great Britain and Germany. .In Germany there are two classes of nobility: (t) the hoher Adel, members of the mediatized, formerly sovereign families, who rank as the equals in blood (ebenbiirtig) of the royal houses of Europe; (2) the niederer Adel, to which every one having the nobiliary prefix von belongs.^ The royal families of Europe were powerful and interbred.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Traditional Owners come from a long line of Sovereign Peoples, longer than the British Royal family as regents.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Isn't it interesting that there are not one, but two of us loser trolls who are so obsessed with Sarah Palin that we use her name as a pseudonym?
  • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

.In England "presentation at court" is the privilege of no particular class as such; and the wives of ministers of the class in strictness takes in only the peers personally; at the outside it cannot be stretched beyond those of their children and grandchildren who bear the courtesy titles of lord and lady.^ To constitute a Public nuisance, there must be such 'a number of persons annoyed, that the offence can no longer be considered a private nuisance: this is a fact, generally, to be judged of by the jury.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Natives who are not citizens are, first, the children of ambassadors, or other foreign ministers, who, although born here, are subjects or citizens of the government of their respective fathers.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Report gives no clue as to who ran the “X” Team, but the name Alok Tiwari comes-up in another paper, titled “Operation Blue Tulsi.” .

.No attempt has been here made to trace Out the history of nobility in the various countries and, we must add, cities of Europe.^ Here, many use to say that “no foreign country want to save us, they care for their own malignant objectives.” .
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And now that we know what they are like there is no difficulty in tracing out the sort of life which awaits either of them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As we noted here the other day , there’s no time for depth, context, history — or even facts — when the “frame” is screaming “Terror!” .

.All that has been attempted has been to point out some general truths, and to refer to some specially France. striking instances.^ Well, if he really was all that caring about the Australian public you'd imagine that he might have visited us at some point since he was an infant.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And is her proper state ours or some other?’ Ours in all points but one, which was left undetermined.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The workers, restricted from striking, have taken notice and some have already come out in support of the movement.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Once more, it must be borne in mind that, while it is essential to the idea of nobility that it should carry with it some hereditary privilege, the nature and extent of that privilege may vary endlessly.^ I should like to hear what you are saying once more, for I do not think that I perfectly understand you.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For here, as Mr. Grote has remarked, is a wonderful thing, that one of the wisest and best of men should have entertained ideas of morality which are wholly at variance with our own.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In some cases, indeed, it should be even more particular.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

In the 18th century the nobility of France and the nobility of Poland alike answered to the very strictest definition of nobility; but the political positions of the two were as broadly contrasted as the positions of any two classes of men could be. .The nobility of France, keeping the most oppressive social and personal privileges, had been shorn of all political and even administrative power; the tyrants of the people were the slaves of the king.^ Ayatollah Sistani, as the "pre-eminent cleric among the majority Shi'ite population [and] the most powerful political figure in the land," demanded that Article 7 be codified for this purpose.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Clearly, all political changes originate in divisions of the actual governing power; a government which is united, however small, cannot be moved.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It would have been necessary for a lot of people to die in order to not have the former slaves re-enslaved in all but literal terms.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.In Poland sixty thousand gentlemen, rich and poor, famous and obscure, but all alike gentlemen, rode out to choose a king by a unanimous vote, and to bind him when chosen by such conditions as they thought good.^ But the lot of all men is good enough, if they choose wisely and will live diligently.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Will they not think this a hardship?’ You should remember that our purpose in framing the State was not that our citizens should do what they like, but that they should serve 520 the State for the common good of all.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Why, in the first place, although they are all of a good sort, are not some better than others?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Those sixty thousand, like the populus of Rome, formed a narrow oligarchy as regarded the rest of the nation, but a wild democracy among themselves.^ Notions of democracy in one form or another constantly reassert themselves.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm surprised by how some republicans, keen to demonstrate themselves as egalitarian and open minded, instead seem to draw a lot of their arguments from narrow-minded xenophobic nationalism.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whatever relevant examples put regarding the success of any dictatorship can only be accredited to the expert behind those policies and not because of the form of government.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

.Poland, in short, came nearer than any kingdom or country of large extent to the nature of an aristocracy, as we have seen aristocracy in the aristocratic cities.^ Does not the word express more than the fact, and must not the actual, whatever a man may think, always, in the nature of things, fall short of the truth?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The chief power of the state was placed neither in the prince nor in the nation at large; it was held by a noble class.^ I will begin by placing faculties in a class by themselves: they are powers in us, and in all other things, by which we do as we do.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And thus the whole State will grow up in a noble order, and the several classes will receive the proportion of happiness which nature assigns to them.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What the Trilateral Commission intends is to create a worldwide economic power superior to the political governments of the nation-states involved.

.The kingly power in Poland, like the ducal power at Venice, had been so narrowed that Poland, though she still kept a king, called herself a republic no less than Venice.^ His is brand, no more nor less powerful, than that of his mother were she still alive.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Still, no one in the UN or so called international community has pressed for removing the US from the Security Council or prosecuting its leaders for war crimes.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Republic, he admits that the perfect state of communism and philosophy was impossible in his own age, though still to be retained as a pattern.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

And whatever was taken from the king went to the gain of the noble order. .But the nobility of a large country, even though used to act politically as an order, could never put on that orderly and legal character which distinguishes the true civic patriciates.^ Dictatorships can easily calibrate institutional and legal framework of a country, since they don't need a political coalition for passing nor for repealing acts.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Would it have been worth it to enforce a different kind of rule, even with the violence that would have been necessary to put down the armed resistance to this, in order to abolish that whole experience?
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The next question to be put would require choosing the model to be used for the constitutional definition of the political structure of the Republic.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It never could come so nearly as a civic patriciate could to being something like the rule of the best in any sense of those words.^ What kind of rule over society is being given expression to in something like that?
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Until, then, kings are philosophers, or philosophers are kings, cities will never cease from ill: no, nor the human race; nor will our ideal polity ever come into being.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The breeding of human beings, as of animals, to be from the best and from those who are of a ripe age.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.The tendency of modern times has been towards the breaking down of formal hereditary privileges.^ This is, perhaps, a one-sided but not wholly untrue picture of the maxims and practice of mankind when they ‘sit down together at an assembly,’ either in ancient or modern times.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Several interesting remarks which in modern times would have a place in a treatise on Political Economy are scattered up and down the writings of Plato: cp.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.In modern commonwealths, above all, they have been thought to be essentially inconsistent with republican institutions.^ The Commonwealth of Australia, along with the other Commonwealth Realms, is essentially a creation of The Crown with equal mandate to maintain it's monarchy, our oldest institution.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such speculations are apt to be unsettling, because they seem to show that an institution which was thought to be a revelation from heaven, is only the growth of history and experience.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Republicans shall be defeted again when they try and I would have thought Daylight saving was off the agenda in WA for perhaps 20 to 30 years.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The truth of the matter is rather that the circumstances of most modern commonwealths have been unfavourable to the preservation, and still more to the growth, of privileged bodies.^ The soul, again, has more existence and truth and knowledge than the body, and is therefore more really satisfied and has a more 586 natural pleasure.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I am sure of that; and yet most of your hearers, if I am not mistaken, are likely to be still more earnest in their opposition to you, and will never be convinced; Thrasymachus least of all.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And therefore we are not surprised to find that the idea of progress is of modern rather than of ancient date; and, like the idea of a philosophy of history, is not more than a century or two old.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

Where they existed, as in Switzerland, they have been overthrown. .Where they did not exist, as in America, everything has made it more and more impossible that they should arise.^ Nothing more on that subject, he replied; but I should like to know which of the governments now existing is in your opinion the one adapted to her.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The working class will be made to pay for this debt if they do not adopt more radical forms of fighting back.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And there should also be toils and pains and conflicts prescribed for them, in which they will be made to give further proof of the same qualities.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.And, as modern changes have commonly attacked the power both of kings and of nobles, the common notion has come that kingship and nobility have some necessary connexion.^ Surely immigrants come here because this nation is Australia (as it currently is), not to change it into some clone of their original home?
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And democracy comes into power when the poor are the victors, killing some and exiling some, and giving equal shares in the government to all the rest.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some kind of speculative power is necessary both in practical and political life; like the rhetorician in the Phaedrus, men require to have a conception of the varieties of human character, and to be raised on great occasions above the commonplaces of ordinary life.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.It has seemed as if any form of nobility was inconsistent with a republican form of government, while nobility, in some shape or other, has come to be looked on as a natural, if not a necessary, appendage to a monarchy.^ So the monarchy are indeed not any different to any other form of government.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Patsies come in various shape and form, and can be blackmailed and threatened as in the cases reported in the Independent..

^ This was slowly eroded over time, as it was abused by some people form other Commonwealth nations.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

And as far as regards the social side of kingship this is true. .A court seems more natural where a chain of degrees leads gradually up from the lowest subject to the throne than when all beneath the throne are nearly on a level.^ There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior court of common pleas in each of the counties in this state after the terms of the judges of said court now in office shall terminate.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For all men believe in their hearts that injustice is far more profitable to the individual than justice, and he who argues as I have been supposing, will say that they are right.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The soul, again, has more existence and truth and knowledge than the body, and is therefore more really satisfied and has a more 586 natural pleasure.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.And from one point of view, that from which the kingly house is but the noblest of the noble, kingship and nobility are closely allied.^ And this, without being really different, appears to be different, and has many points of view, of which only one is caught by the painter, who represents everything because he represents a piece of everything, and that piece an image.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nay, I said, quite reasonable from one point of view.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No organization is needed except a political, which, regarded from another point of view, is a military one.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.But in the more strictly crown, even if of quite humble origin, are "commanded" to court functions with their husbands.^ We don’t need chapters like that here, we already function as communities, nationally are independent, and even as communities are more or less economically independent.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.The strictness of the principle of admission or exclusion differs at the various German courts, and has tended to be modified by the growth of a new aristocracy of wealth; but a single instance known to the present writer may serve to illustrate the fundamental divergence of German (a fortiori Austrian) ideas from English in this matter.^ On the other hand it may be doubted whether our present notions of property are not conventional, for they differ in different countries and in different states of society.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In English philosophy too, many affinities may be traced, not only in the works of the Cambridge Platonists, but in great original writers like Berkeley or Coleridge, to Plato and his ideas.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And are we assured, after looking at the matter from many points of view, that absolute being is or may be absolutely known, but that the utterly non-existent is utterly unknown?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.A wealthy publisher of European reputation attended the court of his native town, the capital of a small grand-duchy, in virtue of the honorary title Hofrat; his wife, not being noble, did not accompany him.^ Nor again is there any evil which has not some accompaniment of good or pleasure; nor any good which is free from some alloy of evil; nor any noble or generous thought which may not be attended by a shadow or the ghost of a shadow of self-interest or of self-love.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.His elder daughter married a cabinet minister, but, as he was not a noble, this did not confer on her the right to go to court.^ Everyone is supposedly equal before the law: you go into court, if you are rich or poor, you have the same rights supposedly.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

.His younger daughter married a subaltern in a line regiment, belonging to the lesser nobility; as ennobled by marriage (according to the liberal rule of this particular court), she was duly "presented."^ The Liber Pluscardensis records that the third daughter of " Alanus de Galway filius Rotholandi de Galway " married " comes Albemarli " [603] .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records the marriage of Alice younger daughter of Judith and " Rodolph de Tournay ", her dowry being " the lordship of Wilchamstowe " [1993] .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ Asser records the marriage in 868 of Alfred and " a noble Mercian lady, daughter of Athelred surnamed Mucil earl of the Gaini[and] Edburga of the royal line of Mercia " [130] .
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

- W. A. P.
political view monarchy and nobility are strongly opposed. .Even the modified form of absolute monarchy which has existed in some Western countries, while it preserves, perhaps even strengthens, the social position of a nobility, destroys its political power.^ A form of government in which absolute power is concentrated in a dictator or a small clique, dictatorships are subject to retaliatory actions.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Again, what sets democracies and dictatorships apart from one another is whether political power is held by the people in general or by a small clique or even a single person.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The 1977 constitution granted President Daoud near-absolute powers, a common theme among Afghan regimes following the fall of the monarchy.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

Under the fully-developed despotisms of the East a real nobility is impossible; the prince raises and thrusts down as he pleases. It is only in a commonwealth that a nobility can really rule; that is, it is only in a commonwealth that the nobility can really be an aristocracy. .And even in a democratic commonwealth the sentiment of nobility may exist, though all legal privilege has been abolished or has never existed.^ The protests are far from over, even though they may be inconsistent and characterized by both lulls and flare-ups.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ruler may not hear the aspiration of the people, because even though without people's consent, they can still rule the nation.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We will distract them with fornication, external pleasures and games so they may never be one with the oneness of it All.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.That is to say, traditional feeling may give the members of certain families a strong preference, to say the least, in election to office.^ Perhaps a member of "the Monarch of Australia's" family may want to reside in Australia and apply for citizenship to become a dual citizen.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It will be considered with reference to the qualifications of the electors the qualifications of the members; the number of members; the duration of their office; and the time and place of their election.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You most certainly have “free will” and may opt to cut short your own lineage by voluntarily sterilizing yourself AND your family members.
  • Obama Science Advisor Called For “Planetary Regime” To Enforce Totalitarian Population Control Measures 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.We have seen that this was the case at Athens; it was largely the case in the democratic cantons of Switzerland; indeed the nobility of Rome itself, after the privileges of the patricians were abolished, rested on no other foundation.^ Good he pronounces to be that in which the beast delights and evil to be that which he dislikes; and he can give no other account of them except that the just and noble are the necessary, having never himself seen, and having no power of explaining to others the nature of either, or the difference between them, which is immense.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We've seen evidence of this in the examples of Venezuela, Yugoslavia, the USSR and other cases commented throughout the debate.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For no other reason than being a large Black male.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

(E. A. F.)/n==Authorities== - Selden's Titles of Honor (London, 1672) remains the best comparative account in the English language of the nobility of various countries up to his date. .For England see E. P. Shirley, Noble and Gentle Men (1860); Gneist, Adel and Ritterschaft in England (Berlin, 1853); Sir George Sitwell, "The English Gentleman," in the Ancestor (No.^ Examples of such families who settled in England after the Norman conquest are Briouse, Lacy, Malet, Peveril, Say and Taillebois (see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY), about whom next to nothing is known in Normandy.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ Walter [I]s grandson was named Roger, but it is likely that he was named after his maternal grandfather (see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY).
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

I, April 1902); and J. H. Round's works, passim. A. C. Fox-Davies's Armorial Families (Edinburgh, 1895, and subsequent editions) represents an unhistorical attempt to create the idea of a noblesse in the United Kingdom. .For the origin and growth of the nobility in France, see A. Luchaire, Manuel des institutions francaises (Paris, 1892), and P. Guilhiermoz, Essai sur l'origine de la noblesse en France au moyen age (1902); for their later status and privileges, A. de Tocqueville, L'Ancien Regime et la Revolution (1856 ff.^ Seigneur de Gournay-sur-Marne et de la Queue.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ Recueil de chartes et documents de Saint-Martin-des-Champs (Paris) ("Paris St Martin-des-Champs") III, 483, p.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ Cartulaires de Saint-Ymer-en-Auge et de Bricquebec (Rouen), Saint-Ymer-en-Auge II, p.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

), and .H. A. Taine, Les Origines de la France contemporaine, pt.^ Les paroisses de Vitr, leurs origins et leur organisation ancienne, Bulletin de lAssociation bretonne (1876) Tome XIX, Pices justificatives II, p.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ Guyard de la Fosse, J. B. (1850) Histoire des seigneurs de Mayenne (Le Mans), Preuves, XVII. .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

^ Guillaume de Jumiges records that the wife of " Hugues le second[fils de] Hugues de Montfort dit le Barbu " was " la fille de Richard de Belfage " [746] .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

i., L'Ancien Regime (1875 ff.). For the German and Austrian nobility, see v. Strantz, Gesch. des deutschen Adels (2nd ed., Waldenburg, 1851); von Maurer, Uber das Wesen des dltesten Adds der deutschen Stdmme (Munich, 1846); Rose, Der Adel Deutschlands and seine Stellung im deutschen Reich (Berlin, 1883); G. Meyer, Lehrbuch des deutschen Staatsrechts (5th ed., Leipzig, 1899), and the Gotha Genealogische Taschenbiicher. For the Italian nobility see the eight magnificent folio volumes of Count Pompeo Litta, Celebri famiglie italiane, continued by various editors (Milan, 1819-1907); for Spanish, Fernandez de Bethencourt, Hist. genealogica, t. i.-vii. (1897-1907). The authoritative manual for the royal houses and the "higher nobility" of Europe is the Almanach de Gotha, published yearly. See also the articles Titles Of Honour, Peerage, Feudalism, Gentleman, Duke, Count, &C.


Simple English

Nobility was the highest social class in pre-modern societies. In the feudal system (in Europe and elsewhere), the nobility were mostly those who had got land from the monarch and had to give services to him, mainly military service.

It soon became a hereditary class, sometimes with a right to bear a hereditary title and to have financial and other privileges.

Today, in most countries, "noble status" means no legal privileges; an important exception is the United Kingdom, where certain titles (titles of the peerage, until recently guaranteed a seat in the Upper House of Westminster Parliament, that is why it is called House of Lords), and still means some less important privileges.

Other websites


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 30, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Constitutional monarchy, which are similar to those in the above article.








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