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Sir Noel Mason-Macfarlane
23 October 1889 – 12 August 1953
Masonmacfarlane.jpg
Lt. Gen. Sir Noel Mason-Macfarlane
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held 44th Division
Gibraltar
Allied Control Commission for Italy
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Military Cross

Lieutenant General Sir Frank Noel Mason-Macfarlane, KCB, DSO, MC (October 23, 1889, Cookham - August 12, 1953, Twyford) was a British soldier, administrator and politician who served as Governor of Gibraltar during World War II.

Military career

'Mason-Mac' served in World War I, gaining the Military Cross. He served as Britain's military attaché to Berlin prior to World War II, proposing the assassination of Hitler,[1] as well as to Hungary, Austria, Switzerland and Denmark and as Head of the British Military Mission in Moscow from 1941 until 1942.[2] He then became General Officer Commanding 44th Division.[2]

He was Governor of Gibraltar from 31 May 1942 to 14 February 1944, and witnessed the air crash there on July 4, 1943 which took the life of his friend Polish Prime Minister Władysław Sikorski. There is however a theory by Dariusz Baliszewski based on many contradictory testimonies of witnesses, many documents and the 'cui bono' assumption, which suggests that 'Mason-Mac' played a significant role in supervising the coup to eliminate Polish Prime Minister. Reason of the action was to stop disseminating Katyn files under Soviet threat of breaking the war coalition and to weaken Polish voice in further negotiations with Stalin [3]. The access to the Special Operations files in the British War Archives is still forbidden, so there is some problem to falsify such a claim.

He later served as Chief Commissioner of the Allied Control Commission for Italy in 1944, effectively head of the government.[2]

In the 1945 general election, Mason-Macfarlane was elected as a Labour Member of Parliament for Paddington North, defeating Churchill's close ally, Brendan Bracken. He resigned in 1946.

His papers and correspondence are archived at the Imperial War Museum Department of Documents.

References

  1. ^ Roger Moorhouse, Killing Hitler, (London, 2006), pp.145-7
  2. ^ a b c Generals.dk
  3. ^ General - The Coup in Gibraltar (in Polish)

External links

Government offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Gort
Governor of Gibraltar
1942–1944
Succeeded by
Sir Ralph Eastwood
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Brendan Bracken
Member of Parliament for Paddington North
1945 – 1946
Succeeded by
William Field
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