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The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS, for the French nomenclature d'unités territoriales statistiques) is a geocode standard for referencing the subdivisions of countries for statistical purposes. The standard is developed and regulated by the European Union, and thus only covers the member states of the EU in detail. The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics is instrumental in European Union's Structural Fund delivery mechanisms.

For each EU member country, a hierarchy of three NUTS levels is established by Eurostat; the subdivisions in some levels do not necessarily correspond to administrative divisions within the country. A NUTS code begins with a two-letter code referencing the country, which is identical to the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code (except UK instead of GB for the United Kingdom). The subdivision of the country is then referred to with one number. A second or third subdivision level is referred to with another number each. Each numbering starts with 1, as 0 is used for the upper level. In case the subdivision has more than nine entities, capital letters are used to continue the numbering. A similar statistical system is defined for the candidate countries and members of the European Free Trade Association, but they are not technically part of NUTS governed by the regulations.

In addition to the full three levels for the European Union countries, all other countries have a NUTS code with a two-letter code for a continent and two numbers for the country, and for the USA, Canada and Australia the states, provinces, and territories are numbered separately. There are some anomalies: for example, Gibraltar is listed as being outside the EU with the code EO21; while French Guiana is listed twice, once in France as FR930 and once in South America as AS13. NUTS is thus in some extent similar to the ISO 3166-2 standard, as well as the FIPS 10-4 standard of the United States.

Contents

Levels

There are three levels of NUTS defined, with two levels of local administrative units (LAUs) below. These were called NUTS levels 4 and 5 until July 2003, but were officially abolished by regulation, although they are sometimes still described as such. Note that not all countries have every level of division, depending on their size. One of the most extreme cases is Luxembourg, which has only LAUs; the three NUTS divisions each correspond to the entire country itself.

Countries NUTS 1 NUTS 2 NUTS 3
EU-27 97 271 1303
Austria AT Groups of states 3 States 9 Groups of districts 35
Belgium BE Regions 3 Provinces (+ Brussels) 11 Arrondissements (Verviers split into two) 44
Bulgaria BG Regions 2 Planning regions 6 Oblasts 28
Cyprus CY 1 1 1
Czech Republic CZ 1 Oblasts 8 Regions 14
Germany DE States 16 Government regions (or equivalent) 39 Districts 429
Denmark DK 1 Regions 5 Lands 11
Estonia EE 1 1 Groups of counties 5
Spain ES Groups of autonomous communities 7 Autonomous communities and cities 19 Provinces + Islands + Ceuta and Melilla 59
Finland FI Mainland Finland, Åland 2 Large areas 5 Regions 20
France FR Z.E.A.T. + DOM 9 Regions + DOM 26 Departments + DOM 100
Greece GR Groups of development regions 4 Peripheries 13 Prefectures 51
Hungary HU Statistical large regions 3 Planning and statistical regions 7 Counties + Budapest 20
Ireland IE 1 Regions 2 Regional Authority Regions 8
Italy IT Groups of regions 5 Regions (Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol split into two) 21 Provinces 107
Lithuania LT 1 1 Counties 10
Luxembourg LU 1 1 1
Latvia LV 1 1 Regions (+ Riga) 6
Malta MT 1 1 Islands 2
Netherlands NL Lands 4 Provinces 12 COROP regions 40
Poland PL Regions 6 Voivodeships 16 Subregions 66
Portugal PT Continent (+ Azores and Madeira) 3 Regional Coordination Commissions + Autonomous regions 7 Groups of municipalities 30
Romania RO Macroregions 4 Regions 8 Counties + Bucharest 42
Sweden SE Regions 3 National areas 8 Counties 21
Slovenia SI 1 Macroregions 2 Statistical regions 12
Slovakia SK 1 Oblasts 4 Regions 8
United Kingdom UK Government Office Regions (England);
Country (Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland)
12 Counties (some grouped); Inner and Outer London (England);
Groups of unitary authorities (Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland)
37 Upper tier authorities or groups of lower tier authorities (unitary authorities or districts) (England)
(Groups of unitary authorities in Wales, council areas in Scotland, districts in Northern Ireland)
133
Candidate countries 14 30 110
Croatia HR 1 Regions 3 Counties 21
Macedonia MK 1 1 Statistical regions 8
Turkey TR Regions 12 Sub-regions 26 Provinces 81
EFTA countries 4 16 48
Iceland IS 1 1 Capital area / Rest of country 2
Liechtenstein LI 1 1 1
Norway NO 1 Regions 7 Counties 19
Switzerland CH 1 Regions 7 Cantons 26

Establishment

The NUTS-region are based on the existing national administrative subdivisions. In countries where only one or two regional subdivisions exist, or where the size of existing subdivisions is too small, a second and/or third level is created. This may be on the first level (ex. France, Italy, Greece, and Spain), on the second (ex. Germany) and/or third level (ex. Belgium).[1] In smaller countries, where the entire country would be placed on the NUTS 2 or even NUTS 3 level (ex. Luxembourg, Cyprus, Ireland), levels 1, 2 and/or 3 are identical to the level above and/or to the entire country.

The thresholds in the table below are used as guidelines for establishing the regions, but they are not applied rigidly. For example, both Cornwall, population 531,600 in 2007, and Lombardy, an Italian region with a population of nearly ten million, are NUTS 2 regions.

Level Minimum Maximum
NUTS 1 3 million 7 million
NUTS 2 800 000 3 million
NUTS 3 150 000 800 000

Examples

See also

References

  1. ^ Europa - Eurostat - Regions - Basic principles of the NUTS

External links

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Simple English

The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics, (NUTS) for the French nomenclature d'unités territoriales statistiques, is a geocode standard that shows the administrative divisions of countries for statistical purposes. It was made by the European Union, so it only covers the member states of that union in detail.

A NUTS code begins with a two-letter code referencing the country, and is identical to the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code (the only difference is UK instead of GB for the United Kingdom). The subdivision of the country is then displayed by one number. A second or third subdivision level is referred to with another number each. Each numbering starts with 1, as 0 is used for the upper level. In case the subdivision has more than 9 entities, capital letters are used to continue the numbering.

In addition to the full three levels for the European Union countries, all countries have a NUTS code with a two-letter code for a continent and two numbers for the country, and for the USA, Canada and Australia the states, provinces, and territories are numbered separately.

Some are not easily classified: for example, Gibraltar is listed as being outside the EU with the code EO21; while French Guiana is listed twice, once in France as FR930 and once in South America as AS13.

NUTS, in some ways are similar to the ISO 3166-2 standard, as well as the FIPS standard of the United States.

Levels

There are three levels of NUTS. Some with two levels of local administrative units (LAUs) below. These were called NUTS levels 4 and 5 until July 2003, but were changed due to official regulations although they are sometimes still described as such. Note that not all countries have every level of division, depending on their size. One of the most extreme cases is Luxembourg, which has only LAUs; the three NUTS divisions each correspond to the entire country itself.

Countries NUTS 1 NUTS 2 NUTS 3
Austria AT Groups of states 3 States 9 Groups of Bezirks 35
Belgium BE Regions 3 Provinces (+ Brussels Capital Region) 11 Arrondissements 43
Denmark DK - 2 Regions 5 Groups of municipalities 11
Finland FI Mainland Finland 1 Large areas 4 Regions 20
Åland 1 - 1 - 1
France FR ZEAT 8 Régions 22 Départements 96
Overseas departments 1 Overseas departments 4 Département d'outre-mer 4
Germany DE States (Länder or Bundesländer) 16 Regierungsbezirke 41 Districts (Kreise) 439
Greece GR Groups of development regions 4 Peripheries 13 Prefectures 51
Ireland IE - 1 Regions 2 Regional Authority Regions 8
Italy IT Groups of regions 5 Regions 20 Provinces 110
Luxembourg LU - 1 - 1 - 1
Netherlands NL Landsdelen 4 Provinces 12 COROP regio's 40
Portugal PT Continental Portugal 1 Comissões de coordenação regional 5 Groups of Municipalities 28
Azores and Madeira 2 - 2 - 2
Spain ES Groups of autonomous communities 7 Autonomous communities 17 Provinces 50
Ceuta and Melilla 2 - 2
Sweden SE - 3 National areas 8 Counties 21
United Kingdom UK Regions of England 9 Groups of Counties; Inner and Outer London 30 Unitary authorities or groups of districts 93
Wales 1 Groups of unitary authorities 2 Groups of unitary authorities 12
Scotland 1 Groups of unitary authorities or LECs 4 Groups of unitary authorities or LECs 23
Northern Ireland 1 County 1 Groups of districts 5
EU-15 - 72 - 213 - 1091
Bulgaria BG Regions 2 Planning Regions 6 Oblasts 28
Cyprus CY - 1 - 1 - 1
Czech Republic CZ - 1 Groups of Regions 8 Regions 14
Estonia EE - 1 - 1 Groups of Counties 5
Hungary HU Groups of Regions 3 Regions 7 Counties + Budapest 20
Latvia LV - 1 - 1 Regions 6
Lithuania LT - 1 - 1 Counties 10
Malta MT - 1 - 1 Islands 2
Poland PL Groups of Voivodeships 6 Voivodeships of Poland 16 Podregiony (Groups of Powiats) 45
Romania RO Macroregion 4 Regions 8 Counties and Bucharest 42
Slovakia SK - 1 Groups of Regions 4 Regions 8
Slovenia SI - 1 Groups of Regions 2 Statistical Regions 12
EU-27 - 95 - 268 - 1291
Croatia HR - 1 Statistical Regions 3 Counties 21
Republic of Macedonia MK - 1 - 1 8
Turkey TR Group of Provinces(İller) 12 Group of Provinces(İller) 22 Provinces(İller) 81
EU-CC - 14 - 26 - 110
Iceland IS - 1 - 1 - 1
Liechtenstein LI - 1 - 1 - 1
Norway NO - 1 7 19
Switzerland CH - 1 Regions 7 Cantons 26


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