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Nora Connolly O'Brien (1893 – 17 June 1981) was an activist and writer; she was also a member of the Irish Senate.

The second daughter of James Connolly and Lillie Connolly, she was born in Scotland. In 1904, the family moved to the United States and returned to Belfast in 1907. In 1911, the family moved to Dublin where she was a founder member of Young Republican Party, the female branch of the Fianna.

After the execution of her father following the Easter Rising in 1916, she became a life long supporter of the republican movement and of the Irish left wing. In 1918, she toured the US lecturing on the Rising. She took part in the Irish War of Independence and was briefly imprisoned during the Irish Civil War. In 1922, she married Seamus O'Brien.

In 1934, Connolly O'Brien supported the Republican Congress movement, but resigned after it refused to become a political party. During the 1930s, she corresponded with Leon Trotsky and became a prominent figure on the European non-stalinist Left.

From 1957 to 1969, she served three terms in the Seanad as one of the Taoiseach's nominees.

Shortly before her death in 1981, she spoke at the 1980 Ardfheis of Sinn Féin.


  • The Irish Rebell (1916)
  • The Unbroken Tradition (1918)
  • Portrait of a Rebel Father aka Born of a Rebel Father(1935)
  • James Connolly Wrote for Today – Socialism (1978)
  • We Shall Rise Again (1981, Mosquito Press)

External links



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