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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Norbulingka also refers to the Norbulingka Institute.
Norbulingka

Norbulingka
Tibetan name
Tibetan: ནོར་བུ་གླིང་ཀ་
Wylie transliteration: Nor-bu-gling-ka
Chinese name
traditional: 羅布林卡
simplified: 罗布林卡
Norbulingka is located in Tibet
Norbulingka
Location within Tibet
Coordinates: 29°39′14″N 91°05′30″E / 29.65389°N 91.09167°E / 29.65389; 91.09167
Monastery information
Location: Lhasa, Tibet, China
Founded by: 7th Dalai Lama
Founded: 1755, completed 1783
Date renovated: 1954 - 1956
Type: Tibetan Buddhist
Lineage: Dalai Lama
Head Lama: 14th Dalai Lama

Norbulingka (Tibetan: ནོར་བུ་གླིང་ཀ་; Wylie: Nor-bu-gling-ka; simplified Chinese: 罗布林卡traditional Chinese: 羅布林卡) (literally: "The Jewelled Park") is a palace and surrounding park in Lhasa, Tibet which served as the traditional summer residence of the successive Dalai Lamas from the 1780s up until the PRC takeover in the late 1950s.

The park was begun by the 7th Dalai Lama beginning in 1755. The Norbulingka Park and Summer Palace were completed in 1783 under Jampel Gyatso, the Eight Dalai Lama, on the outskirts of Lhasa.[1] and became the summer residence during the reign of the Eighth Dalai Lama.

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The stables of the Dalai Lamas in Norbulingka, photographed in 1986

The earliest building is the Kelsang Potang Palace built by the Seventh Dalai Lama which is "a beautiful example of Yellow Hat architecture. Its fully restored throne room is also of interest."[2] The 'New Palace' was begun in 1954 by the present Dalai Lama and completed in 1956. It contains chapels, gardens, fountains and pools.

Norbulingka, August, 1993

The gardens are a favourite picnic spot and provides a beautiful venue for theatre, dancing and festivals, particularly the Sho Dun or 'Yoghurt Festival', at the beginning of August, with families camping in the grounds for days surrounded by colourful makeshift windbreaks of rugs and scarves and enjoying the height of summer weather.

The palace is located three kilometers west of the Potala Palace which was the winter palace. Additional buildings were added to the park during the first half of the 20th century. In 2001, UNESCO inscribed Norbulingka on its World Heritage Site as part of the "Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace".[3]

There is also a zoo at Norbulingka, originally to keep the animals which were given to the Dalai Lama. Heinrich Harrer helped the 14th Dalai Lama build a small movie theatre there in the 1950s.

Contents

Pictures

Footnotes

  1. ^ The Dalai Lamas of Tibet, p. 102. Thubten Samphel and Tendar. Roli & Janssen, New Delhi. (2004). ISBN 81-7436-085-9.
  2. ^ Dowman, Keith. 1988. The Power-places of Central Tibet: The Pilgrim's Guide. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London and New York. ISBN 0-7102-1370-0, pp. 62-63.
  3. ^ "Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa". unesco. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/707. Retrieved 2008-02-10.  

References

  • Dowman, Keith. 1988. The Power-places of Central Tibet: The Pilgrim's Guide. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London and New York. ISBN 0-7102-1370-0
  • Bass, Catriona Bass. 1990. Inside the Treasure House: A Time in Tibet. Victor Gollancz, London. Paperback reprint: Rupa & Co., India, 1993.

External links

Coordinates: 29°39′14″N 91°05′30″E / 29.65389°N 91.09167°E / 29.65389; 91.09167

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