Nordic skiing: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nordic skiing is a winter sport that encompasses all types of skiing where the heel of the boot cannot be fixed to the ski, as opposed to Alpine skiing.

Nordic skiing Olympic events are Cross country skiing, Ski jumping, Nordic combined, and biathlon. A further Nordic discipline is Telemark skiing. The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships is a major event of these sports and happens in winter of odd-number years between Winter Olympics.

Nordic Skiing Triple Crown Winners

Below is a list of Nordic skiiers that have won at the Winter Olympics, FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, and Holmenkollen events.

Men's Nordic combined
Winner Country Winter Olympics FIS Nordic World Ski Championships Holmenkollen
Thorleif Haug Norway 1924 1924 1919, 1920, 1921
Johan Grøttumsbråten Norway 1928, 1932 1926, 1928, 1931, 1932 1923, 1926, 1928, 1929, 1931
Oddbjørn Hagen Norway 1936 1934, 1935, 1936 1932, 1934, 1935
Heikki Hasu Finland 1948 1948, 1950 1953
Simon Slåttvik Norway 1952 1952 1948, 1950, 1951
Sverre Stenersen Norway 1956 1954, 1956 1955, 1956, 1959 (Tied with Gunder Gundersen in 1959.)
Georg Thoma West Germany 1960 1960, 1966 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966
Tormod Knutsen Norway 1964 1964 1958
Franz Keller West Germany 1968 1968 1967
Ulrich Wehling East Germany 1972, 1976, 1980 1972, 1974, 1976, 1980 1975, 1976, 1977
Tom Sandberg Norway 1984 1982 1974, 1982
Bjarte Engen Vik Norway 1998 1999, 2001 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000
Men's ski jump
Winner Country Winter Olympics FIS Nordic World Ski Championships Holmenkollen
Birger Ruud Norway 1932, 1936 1931, 1932, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1948 1932
Arnfinn Bergmann Norway 1952 1952 1952
Antti Hyvärinen Finland 1956 1956 1956
Helmut Recknagel East Germany 1960 1960, 1962 1957, 1960
Toralf Engan Norway 1964 1962, 1964 1962
Vladimir Beloussov Soviet Union 1968 1968 1968, 1970
Karl Schnabl Austria 1976 1976 1976
Anton Innauer Austria 1980 1980 1975
Matti Nykänen Finland 1984, 1988 1982 1982
Kazuyoshi Funaki Japan 1998 1999 1997
Simon Ammann Switzerland 2002 2007 2002, 2007
Men's 50 km
Winner Country Winter Olympics FIS Nordic World Ski Championships Holmenkollen
Thorleif Haug Norway 1924 1924 1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1923, 1924
Nils Karlsson Sweden 1948 1948 1947, 1951
Ole Ellefsæter Norway 1968 1968 1967
Pål Tyldum Norway 1972 1972 1969, 1972
Thomas Wassberg Sweden 1984 1982 1980, 1982, 1987
Gunde Svan Sweden 1988 1985, 1989 1986, 1990
Petter Northug Norway 2010 2009 2010
Men's 18 km (Length shortened to 15 km in 1950)
Winner Country Winter Olympics FIS Nordic World Ski Championships Holmenkollen
Martin Lundstrom Sweden 1948 1948 1948
Hallgeir Brenden Norway 1952 1952 1952
Men's 15 km (Holmenkollen ran 1954-85 and 1994)
Winner Country Winter Olympics FIS Nordic World Ski Championships Holmenkollen
Hallgeir Brenden Norway 1956 1956 1956
Eero Mäntyranta Finland 1964 1964 1962, 1964, 1968
Harald Grønningen Norway 1968 1968 1960, 1961
Thomas Wassberg Sweden 1980 1980 1979, 1985
Gunde Svan Sweden 1984 1989 1985
Women's 10 km (Holmenkollen ran 1954-86)
Winner Country Winter Olympics FIS Nordic World Ski Championships Holmenkollen
Ljubov Kozyreva Soviet Union 1956 1954, 1956 1955
Klavdija Bojarskikh Soviet Union 1964 1964, 1966 1965, 1966
Toini Gustafsson Sweden 1968 1968 1960, 1967, 1968
Galina Kulakova Soviet Union 1972 1972, 1974 1970, 1979
Raisa Smetanina Soviet Union 1976 1976 1975
Women's 30 km
Winner Country Winter Olympics FIS Nordic World Ski Championships Holmenkollen
Stefania Belmondo Italy 1992 1993 1997, 2002
Women's 5 km (Olympic: 1964-98, FIS: 1963-99, Holmenkollen: 1966-91)
Winner Country Winter Olympics FIS Nordic World Ski Championships Holmenkollen
Klavdija Bojarskikh Soviet Union 1964 1964 1967
Helena Takalo Finland 1976 1976, 1978 1976
Raisa Smetanina Soviet Union 1980 1980 1975

See also


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

This article is a travel topic.

Nordic Skiing is one of two main types of skiing, the other being Alpine Skiing. Nordic skiing differs from Alpine skiing in that the heel of the binding is loose, meaning that at any time the skier can move his heels. The branches of Nordic skiing include Telemark, Cross-Country, Ski Jumping and Biathlon. Travelers may base their entire holiday on skiing, sometimes in search of the perfect powder snow, sometimes simply for the mountain air, most in search of that moment of euphoria that only skiing can provide.

Telemark skiing

Invented by Sondre Norheim, Telemark was pioneered in Norway and named after the Telemark region where Norheim lived. Using the telemark technique the skier bends the uphill leg until the knee is level with the downhill ankle causing the downhill ski to be in front of the uphill one, this is done while moving across the slope. To make a turn the skier straightens his bent uphill leg and moves it in front of the downhill ski. He then partially bends the down hill leg and swings around until it becomes the uphill leg and he is traveling across the slope in the other direction. To other skiers it looks like the telemarker is lunging whilst skiing alpine style. The balance of the skier is centered at the heel as otherwise he would fall flat on his face. Naturally it is more difficult than alpine skiing and beginners to snow sports should not start with Telemark, but progress on to it.

Telemark is more enjoyable downhill yet it is ideal for covering rolling terrain as it is easy to walk up hills with loose heel. Telemark has a much smoother feel to the turn and has an elegance to it where the skier certainly feels closer to the snow. Skis with Telemark bindings are available across the Alps and of course in Scandinavia. Some 'free-heeled' skiers are comfortable using lifts in Alpine resorts yet others feel that Telemark is about being back to basics and like to ski tour up the mountain using skins. This provides opportunities to ski down untouched snow in a completely natural landscape, however the dangers are greater than on marked pistes. Telemark does not require any different terrain to alpine skiing.

Cross-country skiing

Cross-Country skiing involves either shuffling or skating over tracks on very narrow skis. As with all Nordic skiis the heel is not attached to the ski. This style of skiing is highly energetic as there is no downhill cruising involved, the skier is constantly pushing with their poles and moving their skis across the flat or uphill terrain. Occasionally there is a small downhill section. Cross-Country is in no way similar to Alpine skiing, it is a form of transport in Northern Scandinavia, Russia and rural areas around the Northern Baltic states. Due to the lack of hills in Scandinavia cross-country is a widely practiced sport, the equivalent to jogging in the summer. Larger alpine skiing resorts will most likely have some marked tracks and a rental shop available to the public.


Biathlon is a more competitive sport than either telemark and cross-country, although races are organized for both of the sports. Biathlon involves cross-country skating around a circuit whilst carrying a rifle on your back. At certain intervals the skiier will stop and take aim at targets with the rifle and each miss of the target adds approximately 5 seconds onto the skiiers time. Now obviously this would be rather dull if you were not in a competition, yet you need to practice to stand a chance.

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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary



Nordic skiing


Nordic skiing (uncountable)

  1. (sports) cross-country skiing, especially as competitive sport.

Simple English

Nordic skiing is a sport in the Winter Olympics. It is like uphill skiing. And is different than cross country skiing. In Jackson, New Hampshire, there is a place for Nordic Skiing and Skiers.


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