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Norfolk Spaniel
Norfoldspaniel.jpg
"Brown and White Norfolk Spaniel"
Country of origin United Kingdom
Traits

The Norfolk Spaniel or Shropshire Spaniel is a breed of dog extinct since the 1800s. It was a very popular breed throughout Britain until the Sporting Spaniel Club was founded in 1885, and the number of pure Norfolk Spaniels began to greatly diminish, leading to the breed's 1902 exclusion from the classification of spaniels.[1]

Contents

Origin of name

The Norfolk Spaniel was believed to have come about from a cross of spaniels with the Black and Tan Terrier, which was cultivated by the Duke of Norfolk, and thus called the Norfolk Spaniel much in the same way that the Clumber Spaniel is named after the estate at Clumber Park.[2] Others believe that the name came from where the spaniel lived, since, in the 1860s, King Edward VII used Norfolk Spaniels to hunt in Norfolk.[1]

Norfolk Spaniels (1881)

Temperament

The Norfolk Spaniel had a temperament unlike all other Spaniels in that they were much more bitter and difficult to train.[1] The breed often formed a strong individual attachment to their owner and is unhappy when separated from it's master. It was more ill-tempered than the common Springer Spaniel, and if not well broken, could be obstinate.[2]

Appearance

The breed looked similar to the English Springer Spaniel as it was a freckled white dog with either liver or black markings, measured 17 to 18 inches, and had long legs, feathered ears, and a white area on forehead, which was said to "[add] a great deal to his beauty,” but there were differences from the English Springer, including a broader skull and shorter neck. It was also compared to the English Setter in its build, shape, and proportions, although it was a much smaller size.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d http://www.caninechronicle.com/Features/Horter_06/horter_606.html
  2. ^ a b Shaw, Vero (1881). The Illustrated Book of the Dog. Cassell, Petter, Galpin & Co.  
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