Norman Foster (architect): Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Lord Foster of Thames Bank
Norman Foster dresden 061110.jpg
Personal information
Name The Lord Foster of Thames Bank
Nationality British
Birth date 1 June 1935 (1935-06-01) (age 74)
Birth place Stockport, Greater Manchester, England
Work
Practice Foster + Partners
Buildings 30 St Mary Axe, London

Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters, Ipswich
Wembley Stadium

Projects American Air Museum at the Imperial War Museum Duxford
Awards Stirling Prize, Pritzker Architecture Prize, Minerva Medal, Prince of Asturias Award

Norman Robert Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, OM, FRIBA, FCSD, RDI (born 1 June 1935) is a British architect whose company maintains an international design practice. He is Britain's most prolific builder of landmark office buildings.[1] In 2009 Foster was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award in the Arts category.

Contents

Biography

Foster was born in Reddish, Stockport, England,[2] to a working-class family. He was naturally gifted and performed well at school and took an interest in architecture, particularly in the works of Frank Lloyd Wright, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier.

Leaving school at 16, he worked in the Manchester City Treasurer's office before joining National Service in the Royal Air Force. After he was discharged, in 1956 Foster attended the University of Manchester's School of Architecture and City Planning (graduating in 1961). Later, he won the Henry Fellowship to the Yale School of Architecture, where he met former business partner Richard Rogers and earned his Master's degree. He then travelled in America for a year, returning to the UK in 1963 where he set up an architectural practice as Team 4 with Rogers and the sisters Georgie and Wendy Cheesman. Georgie (later Wolton) was the only one of the team that had passed her RIBA exams allowing them to set up in practice on their own. Team 4 quickly earned a reputation for high-tech industrial design.

Advertisements

Foster and Partners

After Team 4 went their separate ways, in 1967 Foster and Wendy Cheesman founded Foster Associates, which later became Foster and Partners. 1968 saw the beginning of a long period of collaboration with American architect Richard Buckminster Fuller, which continued until Fuller's death in 1983, on several projects that became catalysts in the development of an environmentally sensitive approach to design - including the Samuel Beckett Theatre project.

The Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters in Ipswich was one of Foster's earliest commissions after founding Foster Associates.

Foster + Partners' breakthrough building in the UK was the Willis Faber & Dumas headquarters in Ipswich, from 1974. The client was a family firm insurance company which wanted to restore a sense of community to the workplace. Foster created open-plan office floors long before open-plan became the norm. In a town not over-endowed with public facilities, the roof gardens, 25m swimming pool and gymnasium greatly enhance the quality of life of the company's 1200 employees. The building is wrapped in a full-height glass facade which moulds itself to the medieval street plan and contributes real drama, subtly shifting from opaque, reflective black to a glowing backlit transparency as the sun sets. The building is now Grade One listed.

Present day

View of 30 St Mary Axe. The building serves as the London headquarters for Swiss Re and is informally known as 'The Gherkin'.

Today, Foster + Partners works with its engineering collaborators to integrate complex computer systems with the most basic physical laws, such as convection. The approach creates intelligent, efficient structures like the Swiss Re London headquarters at 30 St Mary Axe, nicknamed "The Gherkin", whose complex facade lets in air for passive cooling and then vents it as it warms and rises.

Foster's earlier designs reflected a sophisticated, machine-influenced high-tech vision. His style has since evolved into a more sublime, sharp-edged modernity.

In January 2007, The Sunday Times reported that Foster had called in Catalyst, a corporate finance house, to find buyers for Foster + Partners. Foster does not intend to retire, but sell his 80-90% holding in the company valued at £300M to £500M.[3]

Foster currently sits on the Board of Trustees at architectural charity Article 25 who design, construct and manage innovative, safe, sustainable buildings in some of the most inhospitable and unstable regions of the world. He has also been on the Board of Trustees of The Architecture Foundation.

Recognition

Foster was knighted in 1990 and appointed to the Order of Merit in 1997. In 1999, he was created a life peer, as Baron Foster of Thames Bank, of Reddish in the County of Greater Manchester.[4] He is a cross-bencher.

He is the second British architect to win the Stirling Prize twice: the first for the American Air Museum at the Imperial War Museum Duxford in 1998, and the second for 30 St Mary Axe in 2004. In consideration of his whole portfolio, Foster was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1999. He is also a Fellow of the Chartered Society of Designers and winner of the Minerva Medal, the Society's highest award.

In Germany Lord Foster received the Order Pour le Mérite.

Most recently, in September 2007, Foster was awarded the Aga Khan Award for Architecture, the largest architectural award in the world, for the University of Technology Petronas, in Malaysia.[5][6]

Furthermore, it was announced in January 2008 that Foster was to be awarded an honorary degree from the Dundee School of Architecture at the University of Dundee.

In 2009 Foster was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award in the category Arts.

Personal life

Foster married business partner Wendy Cheesman. She died in 1989, leaving him with four sons.

He married Indian-born Begum Sabiha Rumani Malik who became his second wife; they met when Sabiha was married to Andrew Knight, then Chairman of News International plc.

Foster and Sabiha divorced in 1998, and Foster is presently married to Elena Foster, Chairman of the Tate International Council, and founder of Ivory Press. Lady Foster of Thames Bank (the former Prof. Dr. Elena Ochoa), is a graduate of the University of Madrid, a psychologist, and former journalist, who used to lecture at University of Cambridge and is an expert on Alzheimer's disease.

A qualified pilot, Foster flies his own private jet and helicopter between his home above the London offices of Foster + Partners, as well to his homes in France and Switzerland.[3] In 2007, Foster bought a Swiss 1720s chateau from the German industrialist Charles Grohe, which will become his home from late 2008.[7]

Children

  • Son: Jay Foster
  • Daughter: Paola Foster
  • Son: Eduardo Foster
  • Son: Ti Foster
  • Son: Cal Foster 3 children (Ace Foster, Luka Foster, Demyan Foster)

Selected projects

Foster has established an extremely prolific career in the span of four decades. The following are some of his major constructions:

Proposed or under construction

Completed

Reichstag dome at night
Some buildings by Norman Foster
The restored Reichstag in Berlin, housing the German parliament. The dome is part of Foster's redesign. 
The Expo MRT Station, part of the Mass Rapid Transit system in Singapore
Dresden Hauptbahnhof roof and cupola 
Metropolitan Building in Warsaw 

Non-architectural projects

Foster's other design work has included the Nomos desk system for Italian manufacturer Tecno,[16] and the motor yacht Izanami (later Ronin) for Lürssen Yachts.[17]

See also

References

External links


Simple English

The Lord Foster of Thames Bank
File:Norman Foster dresden
Personal information
Name The Lord Foster of Thames Bank
Nationality British
Birth date 1 June 1935 (1935-06-01) (age 75)
Birth place Stockport, Greater Manchester, England
Work
Practice Foster + Partners
Buildings 30 St Mary Axe, London

Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters, Ipswich
Wembley Stadium

Projects American Air Museum at the Imperial War Museum Duxford
Awards Stirling Prize, Pritzker Architecture Prize, Minerva Medal, Prince of Asturias Award

Norman Robert Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, OM, FRIBA, FCSD, RDI (born 1 June 1935) is a British architect. His company has an international design practice. He is Britain's biggest builder of landmark office buildings.[1] In 2009 Foster was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award in the Arts category.

Contents

Biography

Foster was born in Reddish, Stockport, England,[2] to a working-class family. He was naturally gifted and performed well at school. He took an interest in architecture Foster was particularly interested in the works of Frank Lloyd Wright, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier.

Leaving school at 16, he worked in the Manchester City Treasurer's office before joining National Service in the Royal Air Force. After he was discharged, in 1956 Foster attended the University of Manchester's School of Architecture and City Planning (graduating in 1961). Later, he won the Henry Fellowship to the Yale School of Architecture, where he met former business partner Richard Rogers and earned his Master's degree. He then travelled in America for a year. He returned to the UK in 1963. Then he set up an architectural practice as Team 4 with Rogers and the sisters Georgie and Wendy Cheesman. Georgie (later Wolton) was the only one of the team that had passed her RIBA exams. This allowed them to set up in practice on their own. Team 4 quickly earned a reputation for high-tech industrial design.

Foster and Partners

After Team 4 went their separate ways, in 1967 Foster and Wendy Cheesman founded Foster Associates. This later became Foster and Partners. 1968 saw the beginning of a long period of work with American architect Richard Buckminster Fuller. This work continued until Fuller's death in 1983. They worked on several projects that became important in the development of an environmentally sensitive approach to design. This included the Samuel Beckett Theatre project.

File:Foster - Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters
The Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters in Ipswich was one of Foster's earliest commissions after founding Foster Associates.

Foster + Partners' breakthrough building in the UK was the Willis Faber & Dumas headquarters in Ipswich, from 1974. The client was a family firm insurance company which wanted to restore a sense of community to the workplace. Foster created open-plan office floors long before open-plan became the standard. In a town that did not have a lot of public facilities, the roof gardens, 25m swimming pool and gymnasium greatly enhance the quality of life of the company's 1200 employees. The building is wrapped in a full-height glass facade. This moulds itself to the medieval street plan. It contributes real drama. The facade shifts from opaque, reflective black to a glowing backlit transparency as the sun sets. The building is now Grade One listed.

Present day

File:30 St Mary Axe, 'Gherkin'.JPG
View of 30 St Mary Axe. The building serves as the London headquarters for Swiss Re and is informally known as 'The Gherkin'.

Today, Foster + Partners works with its engineering collaborators to integrate complex computer systems with the most basic physical laws, such as convection. The approach creates intelligent, efficient structures like the Swiss Re London headquarters at 30 St Mary Axe. Its complex facade lets in air for passive cooling and then vents it as it warms and rises.

Foster's earlier designs reflected a sophisticated, machine-influenced high-tech vision. His style has since evolved into a more sublime, sharp-edged modernity.

In January 2007, The Sunday Times reported that Foster had called in Catalyst, a corporate finance house, to find buyers for Foster + Partners. Foster does not want to retire, but wants to sell his 80-90% holding in the company valued at £300M to £500M.[3]

Foster currently sits on the Board of Trustees at architectural charity Article 25. They design, construct and manage innovative, safe, sustainable buildings in some of the most inhospitable and unstable regions of the world. He has also been on the Board of Trustees of The Architecture Foundation.

Recognition

Foster was knighted in 1990 and appointed to the Order of Merit in 1997. In 1999, he was created a life peer, as Baron Foster of Thames Bank, of Reddish in the County of Greater Manchester.[4] He is a Crossbencher.

He is the second British architect to win the Stirling Prize twice: the first for the American Air Museum at the Imperial War Museum Duxford in 1998, and the second for 30 St Mary Axe in 2004. Foster was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1999. He is also a Fellow of the Chartered Society of Designers and winner of the Minerva Medal, the Society's highest award. In Germany Lord Foster received the Order Pour le Mérite.

Most recently, in September 2007, Foster was awarded the Aga Khan Award for Architecture, the largest architectural award in the world, for the University of Technology Petronas, in Malaysia.[5][6]

It was announced in January 2008 that Foster was to be awarded an honorary degree from the Dundee School of Architecture at the University of Dundee. In 2009 Foster was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award in the category Arts.

Personal life

Foster married business partner Wendy Cheesman. She died in 1989, leaving him with four sons. He married Indian-born Begum Sabiha Rumani Malik who became his second wife. They met when Sabiha was married to Andrew Knight, then Chairman of News International plc.

Foster and Sabiha divorced in 1998, and Foster is presently married to Elena Ochoa, Chairman of the Tate International Council, and founder of Ivory Press. Lady Foster of Thames Bank (the former Prof. Dr. Elena Ochoa), is a graduate of the Complutense University of Madrid, a psychologist, and former journalist. She used to lecture at University of Cambridge and is an expert on Alzheimer's disease.

A qualified pilot, Foster flies his own private jet and helicopter between his home above the London offices of Foster + Partners, as well to his homes in France and Switzerland.[3] In 2007, Foster bought a Swiss 1720s chateau from the German industrialist Charles Grohe, which became his home from late 2008.[7]

Children

  • Son: Jay Foster
  • Daughter: Paola Foster
  • Son: Eduardo Foster
  • Son: Ti Foster
  • Son: Cal Foster 3 children (Ace Foster, Luka Foster, Demyan Foster)

Selected projects

Foster has established an extremely prolific career in the span of four decades. The following are some of his major constructions:

Proposed or under construction

File:Torre Caja Madrid (CTBA)
Torre Caja Madrid, in Madrid, (Spain).

Completed

File:Germany berlin
Reichstag dome at night
Some buildings by Norman Foster
The restored Reichstag Building in Berlin, housing the German parliament. The dome is part of Foster's redesign. 
The Expo MRT Station, part of the Mass Rapid Transit system in Singapore
Dresden Hauptbahnhof roof and cupola 
Metropolitan Building in Warsaw 

Non-architectural projects

Foster's other design work has included the Nomos desk system for Italian manufacturer Tecno,[16] and the motor yacht Izanami (later Ronin) for Lürssen Yachts.[17]

Other pages

  • Thin-shell structure
  • Peter Rice

References

  1. Chris Roberts, Heavy Words Lightly Thrown: The Reason Behind Rhyme, Thorndike Press,2006 (ISBN 0-7862-8517-6)
  2. Files on Academicians held at the Royal Academy of Arts, London
  3. 3.0 3.1 Foster puts £500m firm up for sale
  4. Announcement of Foster's introduction at the House of Lords
  5. "The Tenth Award Cycle 2005-2007". The Aga Khan Development Network. http://www.akdn.org/akaa_award10.asp. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  6. "Petronas University of Technology receives 2007 Aga Khan Award for Architecture". Foster + Partners. 2007-04-09. http://www.fosterandpartners.com/News/302/Default.aspx. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  7. Watts, Robert; Woolf, Marie (April 27, 2008). "Lord Foster designs himself new life in Switzerland". London: Sunday Times. http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/visual_arts/architecture_and_design/article3822530.ece. Retrieved 2008-04-27. 
  8. "Barcelona chooses Norman Foster to remodel Camp Nou stadium". International Herald Tribune. September 18, 2007. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/09/18/sports/EU-SPT-SOC-Barcelona-Stadium.php. 
  9. Gourlay, Chris; Watts, Robert (2007-12-23). "Foster plans worlds biggest building". The Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/science/article3087365.ece. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  10. Inhabitat » World’s Biggest Building Coming to Moscow: Crystal Island
  11. The results of the international urban-architectural competition for the new passenger terminal airport Zagreb.
  12. Hearst Tower, New York City
  13. University of Toronto Capital Projects
  14. TIME Europe magazine
  15. http://www.npg.si.edu/inform/courtyard.htm
  16. Foster + Partners
  17. Foster + Partners

Other websites

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message