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Norrköping

Seal
Nickname(s): Peking, Little Manchester
Norrköping is located in Sweden
Norrköping
Coordinates: 58°36′N 16°12′E / 58.6°N 16.2°E / 58.6; 16.2Coordinates: 58°36′N 16°12′E / 58.6°N 16.2°E / 58.6; 16.2
Country Sweden
Province Östergötland
County Östergötland County
Municipality Norrköping Municipality
Area [1]
 - Total 34.78 km2 (13.4 sq mi)
Population (2005-12-31)[1]
 - Total 83,561
 Density 2,403/km2 (6,223.7/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website norrkoping.se

Norrköping [ˈˈnɔrɕøːpɪŋ] is a city in the province of Östergötland in eastern Sweden and the seat of Norrköping Municipality, Östergötland County. The city has a population of 83,561 inhabitants in 2005,[1] out of a municipal total of 127,059[2], making it Sweden's tenth largest city and eighth largest municipality.

The city is situated by the mouth of the river Motala ström, at Bråviken, an inlet of the Baltic Sea. Water power from the Motala ström and the good harbour were factors that facilitated the rapid growth of this once industrial city, known for its textile industry. It has several nicknames such as: "Sweden's Manchester" , "Peking" and "Surbullestan" (Surbulle was a local nickname for the textileworkers, and stan´ is short for Staden, which means The City or The Town in Swedish)

Contents

History

Norrköping depicted as a Star fort before it was burnt in 1719. Contemporary engraving by Jan van den Aveelen.

The city has medieval foundations by settlers around the Norrköping twin city with Linköping Motala stream estuary, who used the falls and rapids to power their mills. The stream was also full of fish such as salmon. Exact dates are uncertain, but there are mentions of a church in the 12th century. It was dedicated to Saint Olaf, Norway's patron.

The first trace of the city's name is from 1283, when wealthy Mattias Wondollek - [Lord of Östergötland] - donated his rights of salmon fishing to the Skänninge monastery. The town is estimated to have received city status in the early 14th century, although no written documents exist prior to a document from 1384. This document, signed by Albrekt of Sweden is stored in the city archive today.

The city was the location of several battles in the ensuing centuries. As a consequence, nothing of the medieval Norrköping remains today. During the Northern Seven Years' War (1563–1570), the entire southern part of Norrköping was burnt. It was rebuilt by John III of Sweden ,who designed the current street pattern.

In 1618, a weapon industry was established by supervision of Gustavus Adolphus. The harbour also attracted ships due to its proximity to the industries of Finspång. In addition to the weapon industry, a large scale industry of textile was also initiated. An important benefactor was the industrial man Louis De Geer (1587-1652). At De Geer's death, Norrköpings had 6,000 inhabitants and was Sweden's second largest city.

The city again burnt in 1655, and again in 1719 during the Great Northern War when the Russians burnt it to the ground. Stones from the Johannisborg castle were used to build new houses, and today only a few stones remain.

During the 18th century it was rebuilt and several industries soon got a stronghold: In the 1740s, Norrköping boosted three sugar refineries; in the 1750s the large scale influential snuff industry was established. From this time stems the city churches of Saint Olof and Saint Hedvig, and several other old houses.

Motala ström runs through Norrköping

Norrköping's importance again flourished. In 1769 the Swedish Riksdag assembled there. In 1800 the king Gustav IV of Sweden was crowned in the Church of Saint Olof.

The city again suffered fires in 1822 and 1826. Thereafter wooden houses were banned. In 1841 a ship industry was initiated as a branch of Motala Verkstad in Motala. In 1850 the industry had over 600 employees making it Sweden's largest ship industry at the time. During the remaining 19th century, the industries kept expanding. The area by the Motala Stream was developed further with the construction of a cotton refinery, and a paper mill was constructed in 1854, specializing in newspaper, and is still today exporting to customers around the world.

The industry, including textile manufacturers, also expanded into the 20th century. In 1950 a total of 54 factories had 6,600 employees in town. By 1956, however, 18 of them had been closed due to competition from countries abroad with lower wages, such as Italy and Japan. In 1970 only 10 factories and 1,200 employees remained. In that year, the renowned Holmen paper mill, with its 350 years long history, announced closure, and another 900 people were let go[citation needed]. To counter the effects, several governmental authorities were relocated to Norrköping from Stockholm. See also Braviken Paper Mill.

As of 2002, Norrköping is now seeing a revival, as a center of culture and education. The Norrköping symbol represents the "new" Norrköping.

Tourism

There are a lot of things within and around Norrköping that is worth seeing. Within the centre of Norrköping, there are a lot of stores, restaurants and cafes.

Within a short walk from the shops, there is a nice parade alongside Strömmen, the so called river that flows through the city. In connection to this nice parade is the industrial landscape. This is the place where the old textile industries once where situated.[3]

In the summer, there is a cactus plantation in Carl Johans Park. 25 000 cactuses are planted there every summer.[4]

What is really worth visiting is Kolmårdens Djurpark. That is a zoo located 30 km north of Norrköping. Almost all animals can be seen there. In connection to the big outdoor zoo, there is also Tropicariet an aquarium, where for example snakes, crocodiles and sharks can be seen.[5]

The archipelago 50 km away from Norrköping is worth a visit. There are the opportunities to bath, rent a kayak or go by the ferries between the different islands, such as S:t Anna or Gryt.[6]

If you are visiting Norrköping in the winter, Yxbacken offers downhill skiing.[7]

Sights

A campus of Linköping University, its own symphonic orchestra, an airport called Kungsängen with 170,000 traveling (2006), a high-tech industry park called Norrkoping Science Park,[8] and Petroglyphs from the Nordic Bronze Age.


Notable natives

Sports

References

External links

Murkrona.svg Norrköping is one of 133 places with the historical city status in Sweden.

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Norrköping [1] is located in Östergötland in Sweden. It is Sweden's 8th largest municipality with a population of more than 128 000. Traditionally, it was dominated by the paper and textile industry, giving it the nickname "The Manchester of Sweden".

  • Norrköping airport (Kungsängen) with connection to Copenhagen, Helsinki and Munich and also regional flights to Visby
  • Stockholm (Skavsta) airport about 60 km north of Norrköping. Ryanair and other lowcost airlines service this airport. Flygbussarna have bus services running from the airport to Norrköping.
  • By train to the central station
  • By bus with Swebus Express

Get around

A nice way to get around in Norrköping is with the yellow trams. Tickets or cards can be bought onboard but the price is twice as high compared to if you buy the ticket or card beforehand in a kiosk, supermarket or similar. You can even pay by SMS to avoid the 50% surcharge when paying cash on the tram or bus.

Everything listed here that's located in the city is within walking distance of the other listings, as the actual town centre isn't that big.

  • Arbetets Museum (The museum of work) [2] (free entrance) is worth a visit, as is the surrounding Industrilandskapet/Strykjärnet area with a concert hall, a science park, a tourist center, a church, other museums, an art school, some space owned by the university and a lovely waterfall.
  • Norrköpings Konstmuseum (Norrköping's art museum) (Kristinaplatsen) [3] has a large collection of 20th century modern art as well as contemporary works. Free entrance.
  • The Cactus Park An intricate display of various cactus in Karl Johans park (close to the railway station) has over 25,000 cacti.
  • Walking The Promenads
  • Domino, Linden and Spiralen (Drottninggatan 37) Domino, Linden and Spiralen is a gathering of three large shopping centers that lies in the center of Norrköping City. The area consist of many small shops and especially brand shops so the price may be a little higher then other places, but the variety of items you can find and the nice city scenery should make it worth while.
  • Vaxkupan (Drottninggatan 25) [4] is an ambitious record store with both new and used records. They also sell postcards.
  • Pressbyrån (Drottninggatan 37) is a well-stocked magazine store with lots of international and Swedish magazines.
  • Ingelsta Handelscentrum (Järngatan 6) is one of the largest commercial shopping districts in Sweden. Notable stores include Maxi, Coop Forum, City Gross, Willys, Media Markt, Bahaus, El-Giganten and many food restuarants, small stores and electronic shops. Due to the high concentration of large retail stores you should get a decent price even for otherwise expensive items.
  • Sukiyaki (Kungstorget 2) [5] Is a traditional japanese restaurant that have a large variety to their menu. They have a nice indoor setting and also a outdoor area with a great view. Mains are 80-150 SEK
  • Sing Thai (Trädgårdsgatan 15) [6] Is a thai restaurant with a large indoor setting rich with a traditional thai decor. Mains are 135-195 SEK.
  • Restaurang Athena (Kungsgatan 19) [7] Is a Greek restaurant with a nice and price-worthy menu. They also serve pizza and sallads. Mains are 75-175 SEK.
  • Fräcka frökens frestelser (S:t Persgatan 101, Kungsgatan 43) [8] Is not a restaurant, but more of a sandwitch café that serves salads, sandwiches, bagels and various types of coffee in a trendy environment. It's very close to the university campus and is therefore popular with students.
  • Otten [9] Is one of the biggest nightclubs in Norrköping and hosts a large indoor space and in summer, outdoor space for people to sit and mingle. The club often bolsters with famous international DJs and artist preforming. The clubs most frequent visiting age group are mostly young people between 18 and 25.
  • Palace [10] Is only a few hundred meters from Otten and is also a large nightclub with three floors and multiple bars and dance floors. In the summer they also have an outdoor area and an outdoor bar. The age group are mixed but mostly between 20 and 40.
  • The Bishop Arms [11] Is a higly regarded old school pub with a large assortment of beverage, especially beer and whiskey but they also have a cigar bar. They have a fine indoor serving, but in summer they also have a really nice outdoor area by the river. The frequent visitor is typically between 30 to 60.
  • Harrys [12] Is a large pub/nightclub the lies at the very top of Drottningatan in Norrköping City. It's a fine place to sit and relax, but they also have a small dance floor. It's a popular hangout for university students and people between 23 and 35. A thing to note is that you should dress properly or you won't come in, a pair of jeans and a nice shirt will do fine.
  • O'Learys [13] Is an Irish themed sports pub with a rich decor of old sports pictures and paintings. They often arrange evenings so visitors can reserve tables to watch soccer, hokey or other sports and have a drink at the same time. They bolster a large number of TVs and screens so you won't miss what's going on. People of all ages with an interest for sports often visit this pub.
  • Trädgården Translated "The Garden" is a open roof pub placed in the heart of Norrköping City. It is only opened in late spring to late summer and is a good place to come if you want to be with people of all ages although most people are in the 20 to 30 age group.
  • Världens Bar Translated "The Bar of the World" is a multicultural pub/restaurant that has a indoor area shaped as a large corridor with several small sitting spaces and rooms. At day it is a popular dineing place (mains are 75-119 SEK) and at night a well visited pub often frequented by university students.
  • STF Vandrarhem Norrköping/Abborreberg [14], Lindö, 011-31 93 44. Bus 116 from Norrköping station, 5 km.
  • STF Vandrarhem Norrköping/Turistgården, [15], Ingelstagatan 31, 011-10 11 60.
  • Hotel President [16], Vattengränden 11, +46 011 129520
  • Grand Hotel [17], Tyska Torget 2

Stay Safe

Norrköping is considered very safe, but the city has experienced a increase in crime in recent years. However, one shouldn't feel unease even if you walk the streets by night. Take normal precausions and avoid places like the bigger parks. On weekends Norrköping often experience the normal festivities of any town and the inner city (Drottningatan and Kungsgatan) may have some drunks and noicey people rumbling around. If you happen to meet a drunk person they most likely want to engage in conversation, just be friendly and say you don't have time or are going someplace and they will most likely back off. Physical confrontations are very rare.

  • 30 kilometers north-east of Norrköping you'll find Kolmårdens Djurpark [18], Sweden's largest zoo with some 500,000 visitors yearly. Its main attraction is the dolphinarium, the only one in Scandinavia, with daily dolphin shows. Another popular feature is the safari park, where visitors drive their own cars among the animals. Entrance to the park is 230 SEK for adults or 120 SEK for children. The dolphinarium is included in the price, but not the safari park drive. Vildmarkshotellet [19] (The Wilderness Hotel) is a hotel for those wishing to stay near the zoo. In summer another option is Safari Camp Kolmården, where families stay in African-style camp tents near the safari park. Bookings at +46 11 15 71 00 or via email safaricamp@vildmarkshotellet.se.
Routes through Norrköping
HelsingborgLinköping  W noframe E  Stockholm
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Swedish

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Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Norrköping

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Proper noun

Norrköping

Norrköping
  1. Norrköping, a city in eastern Sweden, located in the province of Östergötland. The tenth-largest city in Sweden.

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