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North-Western Provinces
Presidency of
British Empire in India (till 1858)
British Raj (from 1858)
Sin escudo.svg
 
Oudh-arms short.gif
1836 – 1902 Sin escudo.svg
 
Sin escudo.svg
 
Sin escudo.svg
 
Sin escudo.svg
Location of NWP
North-Western Provinces, constituted in 1836 from erstwhile Presidency of Agra
Capital Agra, Lucknow
History
 - Established 1836
 - Disestablished 1902
Area
 - 1835 (?) 9,479 km² (3,660 sq mi)
Population
 - 1835 (?) 4,500,000 
     Density 474.7 /km²  (1,229.6 /sq mi)
Today part of Portions in
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
Rajasthan
Madhya Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
Haryana

The North-Western Provinces was an administrative region in British India which succeeded the Ceded and Conquered Provinces and existed in one form or another from 1836 until 1902, when it became the Agra Province within the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh (or U.P.).[1]

Contents

Area

It included all divisions of the present-day state of Uttar Pradesh with the exception of the Lucknow and Faizabad division of Awadh.[1] Among other regions included at various times were: the Delhi territory, from 1836 until 1858, when the latter became part of the Punjab province of British India; Ajmer and Merwara, from 1832 and 1846, respectively, until 1871, when Ajmer-Merwara became a minor province of British India; and the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories from 1853 until 1861, when they were absorbed into the Central Provinces and Berar.[1]

Administration

The North Western Provinces was governed by a Lieutenant-Governor, who was appointed by the British East India Company from 1836 to 1858, and by the British Government from 1858 to 1902.[1]

In 1856, after the annexation of Oudh, the North Western Provinces became part of the larger province of North Western Provinces and Oudh. In 1902, the latter province was renamed the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh; in 1904, the region within the new United Provinces corresponding to the North Western Provinces was renamed the Agra Province.[2]

See also

A map showing the new province of North-Western Provinces and Oudh in 1857

Notes

References

  • Bayly, C. A. (2002), Rulers, Townsmen, and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansion 1770–1870, Delhi: Oxford University Press. Pp. 530, ISBN 0195663454
  • Imperial Gazetteer of India vol. V (1908), Abāzai to Arcot ("Agra Province" pp. 71–72), Published under the authority of His Majesty's Secretary of State for India in Council, Oxford at the Clarendon Press. Pp. viii, 1 map, 437.
  • Imperial Gazetteer of India vol. XXIV (1908), Travancore to Zīra ("United Provinces" pp. 132–276), Published under the authority of His Majesty's Secretary of State for India in Council, Oxford at the Clarendon Press. Pp. vi, 1 map, 437.
  • Raikes, Charles (1852), Notes on the North-Western Provinces of India, London: Chapman Hall. Pp. vii, 270, <http://books.google.com/books?id=qXFCAAAAIAAJ>
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