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North America
Location North America.svg
Area 24,709,000 km2 (9,540,000 sq mi)
Population 528,720,588 (July 2008 est.)
Pop. density 22.9/km2 (59.3/sq mi) [1]
Demonym North American, American[2]
Countries 23 (List of countries)
Dependencies see List of North American countries
Languages English, Spanish, French, and many others
Time Zones UTC-10 to UTC
Largest cities List of cities[3]
North America (Spanish: América del Norte or Norteamérica; French: Amérique du Nord) is the northern continent of the Americas,[4] situated in the Earth's northern hemisphere and in the western hemisphere. It is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southeast by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the North Pacific Ocean; South America lies to the southeast. .North America covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), about 4.8% of the planet's surface or about 16.5% of its land area.^ North America Women in Agriculture, Part I: Women on the Land .
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

As of July 2008, its population was estimated at nearly 529 million people. It is the third-largest continent in area, following Asia and Africa, and the fourth in population after Asia, Africa, and Europe.

Contents

Etymology

The Americas are generally accepted as having been named after the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci by the German cartographers Martin Waldseemüller and Matthias Ringmann. Vespucci, who explored South America between 1497 and 1502, was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not the East Indies, but a different landmass previously unknown by Europeans. In 1507, Waldseemüller produced a world map, in which he placed the word "America" on the continent of South America, in the middle of what is today Brazil. He explained the rationale for the name in the accompanying book Cosmographiae Introductio,
ab Americo inventore ... quasi Americi terram sive Americam (from Americus the discoverer ... as if it were the land of Americus, thus America).[5]
.For Waldseemüller, no one should object to the naming of the land after its discoverer.^ NAL Call No.: F636.L56 1991 Land in her own name: women as homesteaders in North Dakota.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

He used the Latinized version of Vespucci's name (Americus Vespucius), but in its feminine form "America", following the examples of "Europa" and "Asia".
.Later, when other mapmakers added North America, they extended the original name to it as well: in 1538, Gerard Mercator used the name America to all of the Western Hemisphere on his world map.^ There is a big world outside of America "ya'all".
  • Perez Hilton: Kylie Is Coming To Tour In North America!!! 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC perezhilton.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Her amazing fans in North America will be well rewarded for their patience when they experience her show and its entire spectacle.
  • Perez Hilton: Kylie Is Coming To Tour In North America!!! 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC perezhilton.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ YourDiscoNeedsYou says – reply to this 52 Kylie may not have had that many hit singles in North America but it's a big world - "ya'all".
  • Perez Hilton: Kylie Is Coming To Tour In North America!!! 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC perezhilton.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
Some argue that the convention is to use the surname for naming discoveries except in the case of royalty and so a derivation from "Amerigo Vespucci" could be problematic.[7] Ricardo Palma (1949) proposed a derivation from the "Amerrique" mountains of Central America—Vespucci was the first to discover South America and the Amerrique mountains of Central America, which connected his discoveries to those of Christopher Columbus.
Alfred E. Hudd proposed a theory in 1908 that the continents are named after a Welsh merchant named Richard Amerike from Bristol, who is believed to have financed John Cabot's voyage of discovery from England to Newfoundland in 1497. A minutely explored belief that has been advanced is that America was named for a Spanish sailor bearing the ancient Visigothic name of 'Amairick'. Another is that the name is rooted in a Native American language.[6]

History

Paleohistory

North America is the source of much of what humanity knows about geologic time periods.[8] .The geographic area that would later become the United States has been the source of more varieties of dinosaurs than any other modern country.^ And she sings LIVE 28 songs in more than 2 hours of show, which is more than any other pop female singer have been doing ultimately.
  • Perez Hilton: Kylie Is Coming To Tour In North America!!! 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC perezhilton.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NAL Call No .: 275.28 J82 Programming for modern farm women [Extension programs, United States].
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

[8] According to paleontologist Peter Dodson, this is primarily due to stratigraphy, climate and geography, human resources, and history.[8] Much of the Mesozoic Era is represented by exposed outcrops in the many arid regions of the continent.[8] .The most significant Late Jurassic dinosaur-bearing fossil deposit in North America is the Morrison Formation of the western United States.^ NAL Call No .: 30.98 AG8 Sisters of the Grange: Rural feminism in the late nineteenth century [Women's rights movement, United States].
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

[9]

Prehistory

The ruins of Chichén Itzá, Mexico.
Scientists have several theories as to the origins of the early human population of North America. .The indigenous peoples of North America themselves have many creation myths, by which they assert that they have been present on the land since its creation.^ North America Women in Agriculture, Part I: Women on the Land .
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

Before contact with Europeans, the natives of North America were divided into many different polities, from small bands of a few families to large empires. They lived in several "culture areas", which roughly correspond to geographic and biological zones and give a good indication of the main lifeway or occupation of the people who lived there (e.g. the Bison hunters of the Great Plains, or the farmers of Mesoamerica). Native groups can also be classified by their language family (e.g. Athapascan or Uto-Aztecan). It is important to note that peoples with similar languages did not always share the same material culture, nor were they always allies.
.Scientists believe that the Inuit people of the high Arctic came to North America much later than other native groups, as evidenced by the disappearance of Dorset culture artifacts from the archaeological record, and their replacement by the Thule people.^ National Parks, Nature Reserves and Protected Areas of the North America provides you with lists of all the national parks and other protected areas of North America.
  • BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA, CHECKLIST OF THE BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA NORTH OF MEXICO 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.birdlist.org [Source type: General]

.During the thousands of years of native inhabitation on the continent, cultures changed and shifted.^ NAL Call No.: 30.98 Ag8 Native Americans, the market revolution, and culture change: The Choctaw cattle economy, 1690-1830.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

Archaeologists often name different cultural groups they discover after the site where they are first found. One of the oldest cultures yet found is the Clovis culture of modern New Mexico. .A more recent example is the group of related cultures called the Mound builders (e.g.^ NAL Call No .: HT401.A36 Indigenous rice production and the subtleties of culture change: an example from Borneo.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

the Fort Walton Culture), found in the Mississippi river valley. They flourished from 300 BC to the 150s AD.
The more southern cultural groups of North America were responsible for the domestication of many common crops now used around the world, such as tomatoes and squash. Perhaps most importantly they domesticated one of the world's major staples, maize (corn).

History

As a result of the development of agriculture in the south, many important cultural advances were made there. For example, the Maya civilization developed a writing system, built huge pyramids and temples, had a complex calendar, and developed the concept of zero around 400 AD, a few hundred years after the Mesopotamians.[10] The Mayan culture was still present when the Spanish arrived in Central America, but political dominance in the area had shifted to the Aztec Empire further north.
Upon the arrival of the Europeans in the "New World", Native American population declined substantially, primarily due to the introduction of European diseases to which the Native Americans lacked immunity.[11] Native peoples found their culture changed drastically. As such, their affiliation with political and cultural groups changed as well, several linguistic groups went extinct, and others changed quite quickly. The names and cultures that Europeans recorded for the natives were not necessarily the same as the ones they had used a few generations before, or the ones in use today.

Geography and extent

A satellite composite image of North America. Clickable map
North America occupies the northern portion of the landmass generally referred to as the New World, the Western Hemisphere, the Americas, or simply America (which is sometimes considered a single continent[12][13][14] and North America a subcontinent).[15] .North America's only land connection to South America is at the Isthmus of Panama.^ North America Women in Agriculture, Part I: Women on the Land .
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

The continent is generally delimited on the southeast by the Darién watershed along the Colombia-Panama border, or at the Panama Canal; according to other sources, its southern limit is the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Mexico, with Central America tapering and extending southeastward to South America. Before the Central American isthmus was raised, the region had been underwater. .The islands of the West Indies delineate a submerged former land bridge, which had connected North America and South America via what are now Florida and Venezuela.^ North America Women in Agriculture, Part I: Women on the Land .
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

Much of North America is on the North American Plate.
The continental coastline is long and irregular. The Gulf of Mexico is the largest body of water indenting the continent, followed by Hudson Bay. Others include the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the Gulf of California.
.There are numerous islands off the continent’s coasts: principally, the Arctic Archipelago, the Bahamas, Turks & Caicos, the Greater and Lesser Antilles, the Aleutian Islands (some of which are in the eastern hemisphere proper), the Alexander Archipelago, the many thousand islands of the British Columbia Coast, Newfoundland and Greenland, a self-governing Danish island, and the world's largest, is on the same tectonic plate (the North American Plate) and is part of North America geographically.^ North America Women in Agriculture, Part I: Women on the Land .
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

Bermuda is not part of the Americas, but is an oceanic island which was formed on the fissure of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge over 100 million years ago. .The nearest landmass to it is Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, and it is often thought of as part of North America, especially given its historical, political and cultural ties to Virginia and other parts of the continent.^ North America Women in Agriculture, Part I: Women on the Land .
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

Physical geography

Sedimentary, volcanic, plutonic, metamorphic rock types of North America
The vast majority of North America is on the North American Plate. Parts of California and western Mexico form the partial edge of the Pacific Plate, with the two plates meeting along the San Andreas fault. The southernmost portion of the continent and much of the West Indies lie on the Caribbean Plate, whereas the Juan de Fuca and Cocos plates border the North American Plate on its western frontier.
The continent can be divided into four great regions (each of which contains many subregions): the Great Plains stretching from the Gulf of Mexico to the Canadian Arctic; the geologically young, mountainous west, including the Rocky Mountains, the Great Basin, California and Alaska; the raised but relatively flat plateau of the Canadian Shield in the northeast; and the varied eastern region, which includes the Appalachian Mountains, the coastal plain along the Atlantic seaboard, and the Florida peninsula. Mexico, with its long plateaus and cordilleras, falls largely in the western region, although the eastern coastal plain does extend south along the Gulf.
The western mountains are split in the middle and into the main range of the Rockies and the coast ranges in California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia with the Great Basin—a lower area containing smaller ranges and low-lying deserts—in between. The highest peak is Denali in Alaska.
.The United States Geographical Survey states that the geographic center of North America is "6 miles west of Balta, Pierce County, North Dakota" at approximately 48°10′N 100°10′W / 48.167°N 100.167°W / 48.167; -100.167, approximately 15 miles (25 km) from Rugby, North Dakota.^ Wednesday, 7:15-10 PM. During school year in Ricker Dining Hall, Sterling Quad, at Governor's Corner on the west side of campus.
  • Juggling Club Meetings: North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.juggling.org [Source type: General]

^ NAL Call No .: 100 N813B North Dakota farm women and their roles in the family: are they changing.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Thursday, 7:30-10 PM. Carmine Recreation Center, 212-242-5228, 7th Avenue South (Varrick) at Clarkson/Carmine Street, 1 block north of Houston Street, West Village.
  • Juggling Club Meetings: North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.juggling.org [Source type: General]

.The USGS further states that “No marked or monumented point has been established by any government agency as the geographic center of either the 50 States, the conterminous United States, or the North American continent.” Nonetheless, there is a 15-foot (4.5 m) field stone obelisk in Rugby claiming to mark the center.^ NAL Call No.: 1 Ag84Ab no.681 Women farm landlords in the United States.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ NAL Call No.: HC110.I5C5 Women's wage labor as an adjustment strategy in changing nonmetropolitan communities in the United States.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ NAL Call No .: 64.9 C19 North American women and their children: valuable resources in food production.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

Human geography

Mexico City is the most populous city in North America.
New York City is the second most populous city in North America.
Toronto is the most populous city in Canada, and the fifth-most in North America.
The prevalent languages in North America are English, Spanish, and French. The term Anglo-America is used to refer to the anglophone countries of the Americas: namely Canada (where English and French are co-official) and the United States, but also sometimes Belize and parts of the Caribbean. Latin America refers to the other areas of the Americas (generally south of the United States) where the Romance languages, derived from Latin, of Spanish and Portuguese (but French speaking countries are not usually included) predominate: the other republics of Central America (but not always Belize), part of the Caribbean (not the Dutch, English or French speaking areas), Mexico, and most of South America (except Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana (FR) and The Falkland Islands (UK).
The French language has historically played a significant role in North America and retains a distinctive presence in some regions. Canada is officially bilingual. .French is the official language of the province of Quebec and is co-official with English in the province of New Brunswick.^ Quebec Manitoba Nova Scotia Saskatchewan New Brunswick Ontario Yukon .
  • Juggling Club Meetings: North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.juggling.org [Source type: General]

Other French-speaking locales include the province of Ontario (the official language is English, but there is an estimated 500,000 Franco-Ontarians), the French West Indies and Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, as well as the U.S. state of Louisiana, where French is also an official language. Haiti is included with this group based on historical association but Haitians speak Creole and French. Similarly there remains small segments in Saint Lucia and the Commonwealth of Dominica that speak unique French and creole languages alongside their English speaking majorities.
Socially and culturally, North America presents a well-defined entity. .Canada and the United States have a similar culture and similar traditions as a result of both countries being former British colonies.^ NAL Call No.: HQ1438.A17F34 Farm women on the prairie frontier: a sourcebook for Canada and the United States.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

A common cultural and economic market has developed between the two nations because of the strong economic and historical ties. Spanish-speaking North America shares a common past as former Spanish colonies. In Mexico and the Central American countries where civilizations like the Maya developed, indigenous people preserve traditions across modern boundaries. .Central American and Spanish-speaking Caribbean nations have historically had more in common due to geographical proximity and the fact that, after winning independence from Spain.^ Haney, W. G.; Knowles, J. B.; National Conference on American Farm Women in Historical Perspective (2nd: 1986: Madison, WI).
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Spring) Special issue of the Fourth National Conference on American Rural and Farm Women in Historical Perspective, June 1992, University of California, Davis.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Northern Mexico, particularly cities such as Monterrey, Tijuana, Ciudad Juárez and Mexicali, are strongly influenced by the culture and way of life of the U.S. Immigration to the United States and Canada remains a significant attribute of many nations close to the southern border of the U.S. As the British Empire and its influences declined, the Anglophone Caribbean states have witnessed the economic influence of northern North America increase on the region.^ NAL Call No.: HQ1438.A17F34 Farm women on the prairie frontier: a sourcebook for Canada and the United States.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

In the Anglophone Caribbean this influence is in part due to the fact that the majority of English-speaking Caribbean countries have populations of less than 200,000 people and many of these countries now have expatriate diasporas living abroad that are larger than those remaining at home.
.Economically, Canada and the United States are the wealthiest and most developed nations in the continent, followed by Mexico, a newly industrialized country; the countries of Central America and the Caribbean are at various levels of development.^ NAL Call No.: HQ1438.A17F34 Farm women on the prairie frontier: a sourcebook for Canada and the United States.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ National Parks in developing countries need YOUR help.
  • BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA, CHECKLIST OF THE BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA NORTH OF MEXICO 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.birdlist.org [Source type: General]

^ (Economic Development Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Mississippi State, Miss., 1983) Spiral spine.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

.The most important trade blocs are the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM), the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and the recently signed Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)—the last of these being an example of the economic integration sought by the nations of this sub-region as a way to improve their financial status.^ NAL Call No.: S79.E3 no.346 What the farm woman can do to improve the economic status of her family.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

Demographically, North America is a racially and ethnically diverse continent. Its three main racial groups are Whites, Mestizos and Blacks (chiefly African-Americans and Afro-Caribbeans).[citation needed] There is a significant minority of Amerindians and Asians among other less numerous groups.

Countries and territories

Non-Native American control
over North America,
1750–2008
North America is often divided into subregions but no universally accepted divisions exist. Central America comprises the southern region of the continent, but its northern terminus varies between sources. Geophysically, the region starts at the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico (namely the Mexican states of Campeche, Chiapas, Tabasco, Quintana Roo, and Yucatán[16]). The United Nations geoscheme includes Mexico in Central America; conversely, the European Union excludes both Mexico and Belize from the area. Geopolitically, Mexico is frequently not considered a part of Central America.[17]
Northern America is used to refer to the northern countries and territories of North America: Canada, the United States, Greenland, Bermuda, and St. Pierre and Miquelon. They are often considered distinct from the southern portion of the Americas, which largely comprise Latin America. The term Middle America is sometimes used to collectively refer to Mexico, the nations of Central America, and the Caribbean.
Country or
territory
Area
(km²)[18]
Population
(July 2008 est.)[18]
Population density
(per km²)
Capital
Anguilla Anguilla (UK) &0000000000000102.000000102 &0000000000014108.00000014,108 138.3 The Valley
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda &0000000000000443.000000443 &0000000000084522.00000084,522 190.8 St. John's
Aruba Aruba (Netherlands)[19] &0000000000000193.000000193 &0000000000101541.000000101,541 526.1 Oranjestad
The Bahamas Bahamas &0000000000010070.00000010,070[20] &0000000000307451.000000307,451 30.5 Nassau
Barbados Barbados &0000000000000431.000000431 &0000000000281968.000000281,968 654.2 Bridgetown
Belize Belize &0000000000022966.00000022,966 &0000000000301270.000000301,270 13.1 Belmopan
Bermuda Bermuda (UK) &0000000000000053.00000053 &0000000000066536.00000066,536 1255.4 Hamilton
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands (UK) &0000000000000153.000000153 &0000000000024041.00000024,041 157.1 Road Town
Canada Canada &0000000009984670.0000009,984,670[20] &0000000033212696.00000033,212,696 3.7 Ottawa
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands (UK) &0000000000000262.000000262 &0000000000047862.00000047,862 182.7 George Town
France Clipperton Island (France) &0000000000000006.0000006 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 0.0
Costa Rica Costa Rica &0000000000051100.00000051,100 &0000000004195914.0000004,195,914 82.1 San José
Cuba Cuba &0000000000110860.000000110,860 &0000000011423952.00000011,423,952 103.0 Havana
Dominica Dominica &0000000000000754.000000754 &0000000000072514.00000072,514 96.2 Roseau
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic &0000000000048730.00000048,730 &0000000009507133.0000009,507,133 195.1 Santo Domingo
El Salvador El Salvador &0000000000021040.00000021,040 &0000000007066403.0000007,066,403 335.9 San Salvador
Greenland Greenland (Denmark) &0000000002166086.0000002,166,086 &0000000000057564.00000057,564 0.027 Nuuk
Grenada Grenada &0000000000000344.000000344 &0000000000090343.00000090,343 262.6 St. George's
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe (France) &0000000000001780.0000001,780[21] &0000000000452776.000000452,776[21] 254.4 Basse-Terre
Guatemala Guatemala &0000000000108890.000000108,890 &0000000013002206.00000013,002,206 119.4 Guatemala City
Haiti Haiti &0000000000027750.00000027,750 &0000000008924553.0000008,924,553 321.6 Port-au-Prince
Honduras Honduras &0000000000112090.000000112,090 &0000000007639327.0000007,639,327 68.2 Tegucigalpa
Jamaica Jamaica &0000000000010991.00000010,991 &0000000002804332.0000002,804,332 255.1 Kingston
Martinique Martinique (France) &0000000000001100.0000001,100[21] &0000000000436131.000000436,131[21] 396.5 Fort-de-France
Mexico Mexico &0000000001923040.0000001,923,040[20] &0000000109955400.000000109,955,400 57.2 Mexico City
Montserrat Montserrat (UK) &0000000000000102.000000102 &0000000000005079.0000005,079 49.8 Plymouth; Brades[22]
United States Navassa Island (USA) &0000000000000005.0000005 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 0.0
Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands)[19] &0000000000000960.000000960 &0000000000225369.000000225,369 234.8 Willemstad
Nicaragua Nicaragua &0000000000120254.000000120,254[20] &0000000005785846.0000005,785,846 48.1 Managua
Panama Panama[19][23] &0000000000078200.00000078,200 &0000000003309679.0000003,309,679 42.3 Panama City
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico (USA) &0000000000008870.0000008,870[20] &0000000003958128.0000003,958,128 446.2 San Juan
Saint Barthélemy Saint Barthélemy (France) &0000000000000021.00000021 &0000000000007492.0000007,492 356.8 Gustavia
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis &0000000000000261.000000261 &0000000000039817.00000039,817 152.6 Basseterre
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia &0000000000000616.000000616 &0000000000159585.000000159,585 259.1 Castries
Collectivity of Saint Martin Saint Martin (France) &0000000000000054.00000054 &0000000000029376.00000029,376 544.0 Marigot
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) &0000000000000242.000000242 &0000000000007044.0000007,044 29.1 Saint-Pierre
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines &0000000000000389.000000389 &0000000000118432.000000118,432 304.5 Kingstown
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[19] &0000000000005128.0000005,128 &0000000001047366.0000001,047,366 204.2 Port of Spain
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) &0000000000000430.000000430 &0000000000022352.00000022,352 52.0 Cockburn Town
United States United States[24] &0000000009826630.0000009,826,630[20] &0000000303824640.000000303,824,640 33.2 Washington, D.C.
United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands (USA) &0000000000000346.000000346[20] &0000000000109840.000000109,840 317.5 Charlotte Amalie
Total &0000000024646412.00000024,646,412 &0000000528720588.000000528,720,588 22.9
.The term North America may mean different things to different people in the world according to the context.^ YourDiscoNeedsYou says – reply to this 52 Kylie may not have had that many hit singles in North America but it's a big world - "ya'all".
  • Perez Hilton: Kylie Is Coming To Tour In North America!!! 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC perezhilton.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Usage other than that of the entire continent includes:
.
  • In English, North America may be used to refer to the United States and Canada together.^ NAL Call No.: HQ1438.A17F34 Farm women on the prairie frontier: a sourcebook for Canada and the United States.
    • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

    ^ YourDiscoNeedsYou says – reply to this 52 Kylie may not have had that many hit singles in North America but it's a big world - "ya'all".
    • Perez Hilton: Kylie Is Coming To Tour In North America!!! 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC perezhilton.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Company CEO Bill Silva commented, “Kylie has such a successful career outside of North America that it has taken quite a while to find a window in her schedule for the U.S. and Canada.
    • Perez Hilton: Kylie Is Coming To Tour In North America!!! 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC perezhilton.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [25] Alternatively, usage often includes Mexico[26] (as with North American Free Trade Agreement) and other entities.[27][28][29][30][31][32]
  • .
  • In Latin America, Spain, Portugal, and some other parts of Europe, North America usually designates a subcontinent (subcontinente in Spanish) of the Americas containing Canada, the United States, and Mexico, and often Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, and Bermuda.^ NAL Call No.: HQ1438.A17F34 Farm women on the prairie frontier: a sourcebook for Canada and the United States.
    • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Company CEO Bill Silva commented, “Kylie has such a successful career outside of North America that it has taken quite a while to find a window in her schedule for the U.S. and Canada.
    • Perez Hilton: Kylie Is Coming To Tour In North America!!! 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC perezhilton.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ North America Women in Agriculture, Part I: Women on the Land .
    • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

    [33]

Historical toponymy

199% cass
North America, in whole or in part, has been historically referred to by other names:

Communications

.Many of the nations of North America cooperate together on a shared telephone system known as the North American Numbering Plan (NANP) which is an integrated telephone numbering plan of 24 countries and territories: the United States and its territories, Canada, Bermuda, and 16 Caribbean nations.^ Kylie shows no signs of slowing down with the announcement of the North American tour and plans to commence work on her 11th studio album.
  • Perez Hilton: Kylie Is Coming To Tour In North America!!! 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC perezhilton.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ YourDiscoNeedsYou says – reply to this 52 Kylie may not have had that many hit singles in North America but it's a big world - "ya'all".
  • Perez Hilton: Kylie Is Coming To Tour In North America!!! 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC perezhilton.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Company CEO Bill Silva commented, “Kylie has such a successful career outside of North America that it has taken quite a while to find a window in her schedule for the U.S. and Canada.
  • Perez Hilton: Kylie Is Coming To Tour In North America!!! 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC perezhilton.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See also

Organizations and agreements:

References

  1. ^ This North American density figure is based on a total land area of 23,090,542 km2 only, considerably less than the total combined land and water area of 24,709,000 km².
  2. ^ American, Merriam-Webster OnLine.
  3. ^ List based on 2005 figures in Table A.12, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2005 Revision, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, United Nations. Accessed on line January 1, 2008.
  4. ^ "North America". Encyclopaedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/418612/North-America. 
  5. ^ p. 9, The Cosmographiæ Introductio of Martin Waldseemüller in Facsimile, translated by Edward Burke and Mario E. Cosenza, introduction by Joseph Fischer and Franz von Wieser, edited by Charles George Herbermann, New York: The United States Catholic Historical Society, 1907.
  6. ^ a b The Naming of America: Fragments We've Shored Against Ourselves. By Jonathan Cohen
  7. ^ Lloyd, John; John Mitchinson (2006). The Book of General Ignorance. Harmony Books. pp. 95. ISBN 978-0-307-39491-0. "New countries or continents were never named after a person’s first name, but always after the second..." 
  8. ^ a b c d Dodson, Peter (1997). "American Dinosaurs." Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs. Edited by Phillip J. Currie and Kevin Padian. Academic Press. p. 10-13.
  9. ^ Weishampel, David B; et al (2004). "Dinosaur distribution (Late Jurassic, North America)." In: Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; and Osmólska, Halszka (eds.): The Dinosauria, 2nd, Berkeley: University of California Press. Pp. 543–545. ISBN 0-520-24209-2.
  10. ^ Robert Kaplan (January 16, 2007). "What is the origin of zero? How did we indicate nothingness before zero?". Scientific American. http://www.sciam.com/math/article/id/what-is-the-origin-of-zer. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  11. ^ pp. 42–46, A Concise History of World Population: An Introduction to Population Processes, Massimo Livi Bacci, Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing, 2001, 3rd ed., ISBN 0-631-22335-5.
  12. ^ "The Olympic symbols". Lausanne: Olympic Museum and Studies Centre: International Olympic Committee. 2002. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080307073846/http://multimedia.olympic.org/pdf/en_report_672.pdf.  The five rings of the Olympic flag represent the five inhabited, participating continents (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, and Oceania).
  13. ^ Océano Uno, Diccionario Enciclopédico y Atlas Mundial, "Continente", page 392, 1730. ISBN 84-494-0188-7
  14. ^ Los Cinco Continentes (The Five Continents), Planeta-De Agostini Editions, 1997. ISBN 84-395-6054-0
  15. ^ "Encarta, "Norteamérica".". Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. http://www.webcitation.org/query?id=1257013693874868. 
  16. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica, "Central America"
  17. ^ The American Heritage Dictionary, "Central America"
  18. ^ a b Land areas and population estimates are taken from The 2008 World Factbook which currently uses July 2008 data, unless otherwise noted.
  19. ^ a b c d Depending on definitions, Aruba, Netherlands Antilles, Panama, and Trinidad and Tobago have territory in one or both of North and South America.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g Water area makes up a considerable portion of this entity's total area. Therefore, for a more accurate figure on which to calculate population density, this figure includes land area only.
  21. ^ a b c d Estimates as of July 2006. Since Guadeloupe and Martinique have been upgraded from overseas departments to regions of France, they are no longer listed separately in The World Factbook. Therefore, these figures are from the last edition in which they appear -- 2006.
  22. ^ Due to ongoing activity of the Soufriere Hills volcano beginning in July 1995, much of Plymouth's de jure capital was destroyed and government offices were relocated to Brades.
  23. ^ Panama is generally considered a North American country, though some authorities divide it at the Panama Canal; land area and population figures are for the entire country.
  24. ^ Includes the U.S. state of Hawaii, which is distant from the North American landmass in the Pacific Ocean and is, thus, commonly included with the other territories of Oceania.
  25. ^ Burchfield, R. W., ed. 2004. "America." Fowler's Modern English Usage (ISBN 0-19-861021-1) New York: Oxford University Press, p. 48 -- quotation reads: "the term 'North America' is mostly used to mean the United States and Canada together. Countries to the south of the United States are described as being in Central America (Mexico, Nicaragua, etc.) or South America (Brazil, Argentina, etc.)"; see also: McArthur, Tom. 1992. "North American." The Oxford Companion to the English Language (ISBN 0-19-214183-X) New York: Oxford University Press, p. 707.
  26. ^ the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: refers to "Three nations, on the same continent"
  27. ^ Martin W. Lewis and Kären E. Wigen. (1997). "The Myth of Continents." (ISBN 0520207432) University of California Press, p. 40 -- quotation reads: "In regard to North America one can detect a similar shift between official designation and popular conception. Strictly speaking, the North American continent includes Panama and all points north, but in common parlance Central America is usually excluded, while in some circumstances Mexico is deleted as well"; see also the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: refers to "Three nations, on the same continent"
  28. ^ Countries of North America: includes Bermuda, Canada, Mexico, St. Pierre and Miquelon, and the United States
  29. ^ What's the difference between North, Latin, Central, Middle, South, Spanish and Anglo America?, about.com
  30. ^ North America, Microsoft Encarta. Archived 2009-10-31.
  31. ^ North America, msuglobalaccess.net : describes "North America includes Canada, the United States, Mexico, and their related territories, lying north of Central and South America"
  32. ^ Security and Prosperity Partnership Of North America
  33. ^ In Ibero-America, North America is considered a subcontinent containing Canada, the United States, Mexico, Greenland, Bermuda and Saint-Pierre and Miquelon."Norteamérica (Mexican version)"/(Spaniard version). Encarta Online Encyclopedia.. Archived 2009-10-31.
  34. ^ Clayton, Lawrence (1993). The De Soto Chronicles: The Expedition of Hernando De Soto to North America in 1539–1543. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press. .
  35. ^ In 1584 Sir Walter Raleigh sent Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe to lead an exploration of what is now the North Carolina coast, and they returned with word of a regional "king" named "Wingina." This was modified later that year by Raleigh and the Queen to "Virginia", perhaps in part noting her status as the "Virgin Queen;" Stewart, George (1945). Names on the Land: A Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States. New York: Random House. p. 22. 

External links



Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

North America is the third largest continent, with a surface area of 24,221,490 sq km. .It is located in the northern hemisphere, between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean and to the north of South America.^ Polynesia is the culture area of the Pacific Ocean that lies roughly between 170° and 110° E and 40° to 20° S. .

^ MARTINIQUE An island in the eastern Caribbean, between Dominica to the north and St. Lucia to the south.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ GUADELOUPE An island in the eastern Caribbean, lying between Antigua and Montserrat to the north, and Dominica to the south.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

.North America's highest point is Alaska's Mount McKinley, which rises to 6,194 m (20,320 ft) above sea level.^ Highlights: the wildlife, Denali (Mount McKinley), the Alaska Marine Highway, the Northern Lights.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

Regions

.North America consists of three large nations and one large island territory that covers most of its area.^ Typical tourist trail: ferry up the coast from Bellingham, Washington or Vancouver to Anchorage or Seward, a cruise or three through the glaciers along the coast from Seward or Whittier, and then inland to Denali National Park with the tallest mountain in North America.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ Because in North America we are in the process of defining our growing areas, there are two classes of appellations.

^ In those times, their most serious rival was the Iroquois Confederation, but after a time the British and Dutch began their own expansion into northern North America.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

.They are Canada, the United States of America (USA), Mexico and Greenland.^ Both the United States summary (which was authored by Peter John), Canada (which was authored by Zamil Ansu) and the Mexico write up cover huge areas and for this reason the USA summary has been split up into various regions.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ UNITED STATES of AMERICA For an archive of the United States, go here .
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ NAL Call No.: HQ1438.A17F34 Farm women on the prairie frontier: a sourcebook for Canada and the United States.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

.There are also seven smaller nations at its southern extreme (collectively known as Central America), and around two dozen island nations and territories of various sizes in the Caribbean and one isolated French territory off the Canadian Atlantic coast.^ The Haida are an American Indian group whose traditional territory covered the Queen Charlotte Islands off the coast of British Columbia and a section of the Alexander Archipelago in southeastern Alaska.

^ There are still a few residents it will become a National Park when the last ones pass away.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ Haitians are Blacks from the island of Haiti, which occupies one-third of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea.

.Although the Central American and the Caribbean regions are technically part of the North American continent, they are commonly listed separately from their larger neighbors to the north and hence the distinctive region names for both cultural and geographical reasons.^ Like many similar cultures of the region, they had an advanced urbanized and literate culture.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Like many similar cultures of the region, they had a written language, dwelt in cities, and were obsessed with calendars, mathematics, and death cults.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The cultural hearth of the Olmec seems to have been in the Veracruz and Tabasco regions of south-central Mexico, but they held the Valley of Mexico for a very long while, and remnants of their culture can be found as far away as El Salvador.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

Regions of North America
Regions of North America
Canada
Caribbean
Central America
Mexico
United States of America

Get around

By air

.Because population centers are often widely spaced, most long-range travel is by air, with an extensive network of major hubs and smaller regional airports, usually supplemented with car rental services to cover local travel (see "By car").^ Accommodation : There is a wide range of accommodation in most places from very cheap dives to more expensive very nice rooms.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ Formerly spread out thinly over a wide area, most now live on several reserves in the region.

^ Extensive hosteling network, transportation (hop-on/off busses in most provinces).
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

By bus

.There is prolific long range bus service across most of the US and Canada, but travel times are excessively long (on the order of three to five times as long as a direct trip in a personal vehicle) and many stations are relatively unsafe.^ The average American produces three times the amount of CO2 emissions as a person in France.
  • Yale Environment 360: Region 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC e360.yale.edu [Source type: News]

^ Presently, in the U.S. there are 195 AVAs spread across 25 states, and 21 DVAs in Canada.

Most bus service is useful only for traveling within a dense metro area or along major commuter routes and is then limited or unavailable outside of business hours.

By car

.Most travel in Canada, the United States, and Mexico is by personal vehicle.^ NAL Call No.: HQ1438.A17F34 Farm women on the prairie frontier: a sourcebook for Canada and the United States.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ MEXICO A large and important state in south-central North America, an upland plateau for the most part, situated between the Pacific and Caribbean.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

.Almost all highways in Canada and the United States are well maintained, with amenities such as gas, food, and lodging ranging from adequate to very convenient to excessive.^ The Hutterites in Canada and the United States are a Germanic people with origins in the Swiss Anabaptist movement that developed between 1525 and 1536 during the Reformation.

^ The Mohawk live mostly in Ontario and Quebec in Canada and New York and Oklahoma in the United States and numbered about ten thousand on six reservations in the 1980s.

^ NAL Call No.: HQ1438.A17F34 Farm women on the prairie frontier: a sourcebook for Canada and the United States.
  • Women in Agriculture | Part I | North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

.If you experience an emergency that endangers your life, safety, or property, you will be able to dial 911 from a compatible cell phone on almost any major highway and reach an operator at any time.^ Long a ubiquitous part of modern life, plastics are now in everything from diapers to water bottles to cell phones.
  • Yale Environment 360: Region 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC e360.yale.edu [Source type: News]

Vehicle and medical insurance issued in either Canada or the U.S. is usually valid in the other, though the wise traveler will confirm with their insurer. Canada and U.S. insurance coverage in Mexico is sometimes limited or not honored. Again, the wise traveler will confirm with their insurer.
Car rental agencies are available at almost every airport. Usually a major credit card and proof of liability insurance is required. Some agencies offer short term insurance and additional coverage.

By train

.Although it once held much of the continent together, and remains useful for local travel in many metro areas, intercity train travel now ranges from relatively convenient in the Northeast Corridor, to manageable in California, to sparse in other parts of the country.^ While it works on a many issues related to the conservation of nature and the protection of the environment, it is particularly committed to the conservation of national parks and other protected areas.
  • BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA, CHECKLIST OF THE BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA NORTH OF MEXICO 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.birdlist.org [Source type: General]

^ To avoid this as much as possible and find places used by locals a good understanding of Spanish really makes a difference.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ As with many countries, many spots get very crowded during the European/North American summer holidays and there is a signification increase in tourists/travellers.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

.If you prefer to travel by rail, it's still possible (depending on where you go), but it offers neither speed nor convenience.^ For most regular first class is the way to go, you still get AC, TV and a WC (for what they are worth).
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ Greyhound offers bus and VIA Rail offers rail travel.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

.As noted above, the exception is the Northeast Corridor area, which links Washington, D.C. to Boston with frequent stops in intermediate cities such as Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York City, New Haven, and Providence.^ Highlights: nightlife and restaurants in New York City , the Staten Island ferry in New York, museums in Washington D.C., New England clam chowder, fall colours in New England, Philadelphia and train travel.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ But even New York can be unbearably hot and sweaty in August, and Washington D.C. often gets very cold in winter.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ New York (+40.7291,-074.0057) New York City Jugglers aka The Carmine Street Irregulars.
  • Juggling Club Meetings: North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.juggling.org [Source type: General]

.It is explained in detail on the Rail travel in North America article.^ Older North America articles in the News Archive .
  • OilVoice | North America Latest News 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.oilvoice.com [Source type: News]

^ North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico .
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

This article is an outline and needs more content. .It has a template, but there is not enough information present.^ Little information is known about the city states of this final Mayan period; at present, I can only record there names, and little else.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

Please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.NORTH AMERICA. In the article America a brief geographical survey is taken of the two continents which bear this name; and their points of similarity and contrast are broadly indicated.^ Can you name the countries of North America?
  • Can you name the countries of North America? - sporcle 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

^ A brief history of slavery in North America .
  • A brief history of slavery in North America 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.religioustolerance.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the article America a brief geographical survey is taken of the two continents which bear this name; and their points of similarity and contrast are broadly indicated.

.When North America is compared with son o f ri- the northern continents of the Old World, an important North correspondence is found between it and the greater America part of Eurasia; but here the corresponding parts are reversed, right and left, like the two hands.^ There are several climatic similarities between North America and Eurasia.

^ When North America is compared with son o f ri- the northern continents of the Old World, an important North correspondence is found between it and the greater America part of Eurasia; but here the corresponding parts are reversed, right and left, like the two hands.

^ Connect-World North America 2009 .
  • Connect-World North America 2009 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.connect-world.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Lauren- Euras;a. tian highlands agree with Scandinavia and Finland, both having escaped deformation since very ancient times.^ Scandinavia and Finland , both having escaped deformation since very ancient times.

^ He finds that both correct serious omissions in the literature (and in particular, in Morris Kline's Mathematical Thought from Ancient to Modern Times ).
  • North America - Mathematics and the Liberal Arts 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC math.truman.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A series of water bodies (the Great lakes in North America; the southern Baltic, with Onega, Ladoga, &c.^ A series of water bodies (the Great lakes in North America; the southern Baltic, with Onega , Ladoga , &c.

^ Waters North America , the country'sleading bottled spring water company, needs strong team members to assist us in our ...

^ That's why a career with Nestle Waters North America , the #1 bottled water company in the world, ...

in .Europe) occupy depressions that are associated with the boundary between the very ancient lands and their less ancient covering strata.^ Europe) occupy depressions that are associated with the boundary between the very ancient lands and their less ancient covering strata.

.The old worn-down and re-elevated Appalachian mountains of south-eastern North America agree well with the Hercynian mountains of similar history in middle Europe (Ardennes, Slate mountains of the middle Rhine, &c.^ In general, the fauna of North America is similar to that of the N areas of Europe and Asia.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Re-wilding North America.
  • Rewilding Megafauna: Lions and Camels in North America? (ActionBioscience) 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.actionbioscience.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The old worn-down and re-elevated Appalachian mountains of south-eastern North America agree well with the Hercynian mountains of similar history in middle Europe (Ardennes, Slate mountains of the middle Rhine , &c.

), each range entering the sea at its .Atlantic end (in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland; in Brittany, Wales and Ireland), and dipping under younger formations at its inland end.^ Atlantic end (in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland ; in Brittany , Wales and Ireland ), and dipping under younger formations at its inland end.

.Certain younger ranges - seldom recognized as mountains because they are mostly submerged in the American mediterraneans (Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea), but of great absolute relief and with crests rising in the larger West Indian islands - may be compared with the younger ranges of southern Europe (Pyrenees, Alps, Caucasus) bordering the classic Mediterranean and the seas farther east.^ Certain younger ranges - seldom recognized as mountains because they are mostly submerged in the American mediterraneans (Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea), but of great absolute relief and with crests rising in the larger West Indian islands - may be compared with the younger ranges of southern Europe (Pyrenees, Alps , Caucasus) bordering the classic Mediterranean and the seas farther east.

^ When looking to learn about history, Mexico is a great place to visit as it has ruins left by several different Native American tribes such as the Aztecs and the Mayans.

^ The islands of the West Indies delineate a submerged former land bridge , which had connected North America and South America via Florida and Venezuela .
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The central plains of North America correspond well with the plains of Russia and western Siberia; both stretch from great enclosed water bodies on the south to the Arctic Ocean, and both are built of undisturbed Palaeozoic strata toward the axis of symmetry and of younger strata away from it.^ Meadowlark, Western A brightly-colored songbird from western and central North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Western Meadowlark A brightly-colored songbird from western and central North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It lives in rainforests of Central and South America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Finally, the Western highlands of North America may be compared with the great mountain complex of central and eastern Asia.^ Meadowlark, Western A brightly-colored songbird from western and central North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Western Meadowlark A brightly-colored songbird from western and central North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Physical features of western North America.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

In this remarkable succession of resemblances we find one of the best proofs of the continental unity of Eurasia. Moreover, the resemblances thus described controvert the idea, prevalent when geology was less advanced than to-day, that the New World of civilized discovery is an "old world" geologically, and that the Old World of history is geologically "new." Both worlds are so old, and both share so well the effects of successive geological changes from the most ancient to the most modern periods, that neither can regard the other as older or younger than itself.
.There are several climatic similarities between North America and Eurasia.^ There are many energy jobs available in North America, especially in areas like Texas, Louisiana, California and Alberta.
  • oil jobs Texas (Tx), oil jobs Louisiana, oil jobs Alberta - All oil careers and energy careers in USA and Canada with Worldwideworker.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.worldwideworker.com [Source type: News]

^ In general, the fauna of North America is similar to that of the N areas of Europe and Asia.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were also several world class beaches north of Kailua.
  • Summerized: North America 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.summerized.com [Source type: General]

.The Appalachians and the Hercynian mountains of middle Europe both contain extensive coal deposits of similar geological age, thus indicating a climatic and geographic resemblance at a time of great antiquity.^ This large continent has diverse landscape and can be divided into major zones such as the Coastal plains, Appalachian Highlands, Interior plains, Interior Highlands, Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains.

^ This is a great trip for both the intermediate backpacker and the beginning/intermediate mountaineer.
  • REI Adventures: Adventure Travel in North America, Backpacking Vacations 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.rei.com [Source type: General]

^ Days: 4 Price: $625 Activity Level: Activity: Backpacking The Appalachian Trail through the Great Smoky Mountains offers fantastic hiking and expansive mountain views.
  • REI Adventures: Adventure Travel in North America, Backpacking Vacations 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.rei.com [Source type: General]

.The Laurentian highlands and the Scandinavian highlands were both heavily and repeatedly glaciated in recent geological times, and the ice sheets that crept out on all sides from those centres spread far over the lower lands to the south and away from the axis of symmetry towards the continental interior, scouring the highlands and leaving them rocky and barren, strewing extensive drift deposits over the peripheral areas, and thus significantly modifying their form and drainage; while the much loftier mountain ranges of western America and central Asia suffered, singularly enough, a far less extensive glaciation.^ It lives in rainforests of Central and South America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The blue areas are those that were covered by ice sheets in the past.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ This area was heavily glaciated and the valleys are textbook geologic featuring meandering streams through enormous valleys with hanging waterfalls on the valley walls, great expanses of exposed granite and huge moraines.
  • Horseback Riding Vacations North America Horse Riding Holidays Equestrian Tours 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.hiddentrails.com [Source type: General]

.At the present time, the plentiful and well-distributed rainfall of the continental border on either side of the Atlantic is succeeded by an increasing aridity towards the continental interior, until the broad plains that rise towards the distant mountain complexes are comparatively barren or even desert.^ This large continent has diverse landscape and can be divided into major zones such as the Coastal plains, Appalachian Highlands, Interior plains, Interior Highlands, Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains.

^ The Huma (Houma, Sabine) lived on the east side of the Mississippi River near the present Louisiana-Mississippi border.

.Within each greater mountain area extensive interior drainage basins are found holding salt lakes, and the recently determined former extension of these lakes in Central Asia agrees with the well-proved extension of Pleistocene lacustrine conditions in western North America.^ Meadowlark, Western A brightly-colored songbird from western and central North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In general, the fauna of North America is similar to that of the N areas of Europe and Asia.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Western Meadowlark A brightly-colored songbird from western and central North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The following sketch of the geological development of North America considers the larger physiographic divisions already indicated.^ Gasworld A changing landscape in North America?: Following the sensational news that Air Products has made a renewed attemp...
  • North America - Sports News 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC blog.taragana.com [Source type: News]

^ Other developments marked the history of North America in the 19th and 20th centuries.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North and Central America and the Caribbean ) population and demography ( in North America: The North American Indian heritage ) agricultural development .
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

.The extensive area of ancient crystalline rocks (Archean), stretching from Labrador past Hudson Bay to the Arctic Ocean, is of greatly disordered structure, and hence must have once had a mountainous form.^ Scholars have recently suggested that the Inuit of Labrador are more accurately classified as two groups: the Labrador Inuit, on the coast of the Labrador Sea in Newfoundland, and the Inuit of Quebec, on the coasts of Hudson Bay and Hudson Strait and in the interior of Labrador.

^ To the E of the divide, water flows toward the Arctic Ocean, Hudson Bay, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Gulf of Mexico, and to the W, rivers flow toward the Pacific Ocean.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Moreover, the crystalline texture and deformed foliation of the rocks prove that the surface now seen was once buried deep beneath the surface of an earlier time, for only at great Lauren- depths can such texture and foliation be acquired.^ Those of you who have never carved pumpkins before, well, now is a great time to start.
  • ACG North America - Anime, Comic, Gaming 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC acgnorthamerica.com [Source type: General]

.Both tiara these lines of evidence lead to the conclusion that the highlands. moderate relief prevalent over the existing Laurentian region is the work of persevering erosion during a long continuance of dry land conditions, and hence that the region must be regarded as a worn-down mountain system.^ Both tiara these lines of evidence lead to the conclusion that the highlands.

^ Laurentian region is the work of persevering erosion during a long continuance of dry land conditions, and hence that the region must be regarded as a worn-down mountain system.

^ Because this land has a lot to explore from vagaries of landscape filled with snow-capped mountain ranges to regions of volcanoes to lonesome vastly stretched beaches.

.The worn-down old land is gently overlapped, chiefly around the south and west, and south of Hudson Bay, by very early Palaeozoic strata which rest upon the eroded surface of the crystallines, thus proving that the destruction of the ancient mountains had already been accomplished before some of the oldest fossiliferous formations of the world had been deposited.^ The worn-down old land is gently overlapped, chiefly around the south and west, and south of Hudson Bay, by very early Palaeozoic strata which rest upon the eroded surface of the crystallines, thus proving that the destruction of the ancient mountains had already been accomplished before some of the oldest fossiliferous formations of the world had been deposited.

^ African slaves were transported to Spanish and Portuguese colonies in the Caribbean, Mexico, and Central & South America, starting very early in the 16th century.
  • A brief history of slavery in North America 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.religioustolerance.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The eastern part of the plains is underlaid by Palaeozoic strata, already mentioned as having been laid down upon the subsiding Archaean continent or folded in the making of the Appalachians; coal beds are here included in the Ohio and middle Mississippi basins.

.All the evidence goes to prove that from then to now the Laurentian region has been relatively quiescent.^ All the evidence goes to prove that from then to now the Laurentian region has been relatively quiescent.

.In all subsequent time there have been here only moderate oscillations of level, one of which allowed the transgression of the ancient sea in which the overlapping strata were deposited, while another of much more modern date gave the region its present highland altitude (1000 t02000 ft.; mountains near the Labrador coast, 8000 ft.^ In all subsequent time there have been here only moderate oscillations of level, one of which allowed the transgression of the ancient sea in which the overlapping strata were deposited, while another of much more modern date gave the region its present highland altitude (1000 t02000 ft.; mountains near the Labrador coast, 8000 ft.

^ The habit of gathering mountain waste in interior basins that characterizes so much of the Cordilleras region to-day is only the continuation of an earlier practice, for extensive basin deposits of Tertiary date are found in many parts of the Cordilleran region; some of them are famous for preserving vertebrate fossils, such as those of the many-toed ancestors of the horse .

^ Here and there rise dome-like mountains, the result of the underground intrusion of lavas in cistern-like spaces, forming "laccoliths," and blistering up the overlying strata.

), again offering it to the forces of erosion.
.It is this ancient Laurentian area that the earlier geologists named the "Continental Nucleus," as if it had been the first part of North America to rise from the primeval waters of an assumed universal ocean.^ It is this ancient Laurentian area that the earlier geologists named the "Continental Nucleus ," as if it had been the first part of North America to rise from the primeval waters of an assumed universal ocean.

^ Hence the pre-Cambrian land surface of the continent must have had not only a vastly greater area than was formerly attributed to it, but also an earlier origin; for at the time when it was thought by the older geologists to be first rising from the primeval ocean, it is now proved to have been slowly sinking after a prolonged land existence.

^ The eastern half of the United States and adjacent parts of Ontario and Quebec are the most densely populated areas of North America.
  • North America - An Overview 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.mbendi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The "Archean V," formed by the two arms of the Laurentian oldland stretching from Labrador to the Arctic, between which Hudson Bay is included, has been repeatedly described as the oldest area of the continent, the beginning around which many later additions have built the existing outlines; and as such it has been adduced in favour of the theory of the permanence of continents.^ The "Archean V," formed by the two arms of the Laurentian oldland stretching from Labrador to the Arctic, between which Hudson Bay is included, has been repeatedly described as the oldest area of the continent, the beginning around which many later additions have built the existing outlines; and as such it has been adduced in favour of the theory of the permanence of continents.

^ Indeed, within and closely around an area marked by the St Lawrence system on the north, the Ohio on the south, and stretching from the Atlantic coast between the Gulf of St Lawrence and Chesapeake Bay inland to the middle prairies, there is a remarkable concentration of the population, industry, progress, wealth and power of North America - the focus of attention from all other parts of the continent.

^ The most remarkable lacustrine region of the continent, rivalling that of Central Africa, forms a belt around the border of the Laurentian highland; here, in addition to ten large lakes, there are hundreds of medium size, and many thousand small lakes.

.But when thus stated, the half of the story in favour of this theory is not told.^ But when thus stated, the half of the story in favour of this theory is not told.

.Hudson Bay is not due to a primitive failure of elevation between the arms of the "Archean V"; it is not a deep basin whose floor has never emerged from the primeval ocean, but an ancient and comparatively shallow depression in a pre-existent land, over which the sea flowed as the surface sank below sea-level.^ Hudson Bay is not due to a primitive failure of elevation between the arms of the "Archean V"; it is not a deep basin whose floor has never emerged from the primeval ocean, but an ancient and comparatively shallow depression in a pre-existent land, over which the sea flowed as the surface sank below sea-level.

^ Hence the pre-Cambrian land surface of the continent must have had not only a vastly greater area than was formerly attributed to it, but also an earlier origin; for at the time when it was thought by the older geologists to be first rising from the primeval ocean, it is now proved to have been slowly sinking after a prolonged land existence.

^ Along the ragged coast in the north a moderate and very modern movement of elevation has laid bare clay -floored lowlands that were lately beneath the sea, as in the plain of the lower St Lawrence valley, while along the coastal plain of the south a slight movement of depression has drowned a number of low valley floors, producing shallow arms of the sea, as Chesapeake Bay, Albemarle and Pamlico Sound and Mobile Bay.

.South and west from the "Archean Nucleus," the Cambrian strata of the medial plains of North America are found to lie, wherever their base is discovered, on a foundation that possesses all the essential features of the Laurentian oldland.^ All countries in North America .
  • Hotel Discount Reservations in North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

^ All tours in North America .
  • North America Tours 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.kumuka.com [Source type: General]

^ Physical features of western North America.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

.This relation is found all around the Adirondack mountains in New York, along the Appalachians southward to Georgia, through the Mississippi basin in Wisconsin and Missouri, and beyond in Texas, and farther west in the Black Hills, as well as certain points in the Rocky Mountains region.^ This relation is found all around the Adirondack mountains in New York , along the Appalachians southward to Georgia , through the Mississippi basin in Wisconsin and Missouri , and beyond in Texas , and farther west in the Black Hills , as well as certain points in the Rocky Mountains region.

^ This large continent has diverse landscape and can be divided into major zones such as the Coastal plains, Appalachian Highlands, Interior plains, Interior Highlands, Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains.

^ It is said that the first signs of settled life and farming was seen in the southwest of America and subsequently in the Mississippi River basin that further did spread along the coast.

.Hence the pre-Cambrian land surface of the continent must have had not only a vastly greater area than was formerly attributed to it, but also an earlier origin; for at the time when it was thought by the older geologists to be first rising from the primeval ocean, it is now proved to have been slowly sinking after a prolonged land existence.^ Hence the pre-Cambrian land surface of the continent must have had not only a vastly greater area than was formerly attributed to it, but also an earlier origin; for at the time when it was thought by the older geologists to be first rising from the primeval ocean, it is now proved to have been slowly sinking after a prolonged land existence.

^ It covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 sq mi), about 4.8% of the planet's surface or about 16.5% of its land area.
  • Cheap Flights to North America : Bargain North America Flights with TravelhouseUK 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.travelhouseuk.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ It seems for the most part to have belonged in the earliest times to the great pre-Cambrian land area, of which the Laurentian Appa- highland is the more manifest representative for wherel a c h ia n ever the basal members of the Palaeozoic sedimentary ig hla nds.

.The crystalline Archaean rocks in the Laurentian region and its scattered fellows cannot possibly be explained as a primitive sea bottom, rising above sea-level to make the beginning of a continent and receiving Cambrian strata upon its still submerged borders, but only as portions of an already old and deeply-denuded land area, which was in pre-Cambrian time much larger than the visible Laurentian area of to-day, and which was reduced to perhaps half its primeval dimensions by a gradual submergence beneath the transgressing sea in which the Cambrian sediments were laid down.^ The crystalline Archaean rocks in the Laurentian region and its scattered fellows cannot possibly be explained as a primitive sea bottom, rising above sea-level to make the beginning of a continent and receiving Cambrian strata upon its still submerged borders, but only as portions of an already old and deeply-denuded land area, which was in pre-Cambrian time much larger than the visible Laurentian area of to-day, and which was reduced to perhaps half its primeval dimensions by a gradual submergence beneath the transgressing sea in which the Cambrian sediments were laid down.

^ Hence the pre-Cambrian land surface of the continent must have had not only a vastly greater area than was formerly attributed to it, but also an earlier origin; for at the time when it was thought by the older geologists to be first rising from the primeval ocean, it is now proved to have been slowly sinking after a prolonged land existence.

^ In all subsequent time there have been here only moderate oscillations of level, one of which allowed the transgression of the ancient sea in which the overlapping strata were deposited, while another of much more modern date gave the region its present highland altitude (1000 t02000 ft.; mountains near the Labrador coast, 8000 ft.

.We are thus led to believe that much of the continent of to-day was a continent in the earliest geological times, and that the seas which partly covered it in Palaeozoic and Mesozoic time were due to partial submergence, not to partial emergence.^ We are thus led to believe that much of the continent of to-day was a continent in the earliest geological times, and that the seas which partly covered it in Palaeozoic and Mesozoic time were due to partial submergence, not to partial emergence.

^ A fourth region consists of the central portion of the continent, from S Canada to SW Texas, which encompasses an extensive lowland that has experienced alternating periods of submergence beneath the sea and uplift, with the result that it is deeply covered with layers of sedimentary rock.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hence the Palaeozoic and Mesozoic seas of North America were not deep oceans, and as far as this continent is concerned it is by no means admissible to assume, as some of the earlier geologists did, that the position of continents and oceans have repeatedly changed places.

.Furthermore, all the marine strata that now stretch over a large part of what is believed to have been the ancient continental surface are of relatively shallow water origin; none of them bears any close resemblance to the deposits of the deep oceans that have been so well studied of late years.^ Furthermore, all the marine strata that now stretch over a large part of what is believed to have been the ancient continental surface are of relatively shallow water origin; none of them bears any close resemblance to the deposits of the deep oceans that have been so well studied of late years.

^ Their origin has not been closely studied.

^ The area of the western plains remained submerged to a later date, preserving a stretch of marine waters to the end of Mesozoic time, and thus resembling the lowland belt of western Asia, which was similarly covered by a broad and a shallow arm of the ocean extending from the Arctic to the European mediterraneans until a late geological date.

.Hence the Palaeozoic and Mesozoic seas of North America were not deep oceans, and as far as this continent is concerned it is by no means admissible to assume, as some of the earlier geologists did, that the position of continents and oceans have repeatedly changed places.^ What do you mean by “rewilding” North America?
  • Rewilding Megafauna: Lions and Camels in North America? (ActionBioscience) 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.actionbioscience.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Continent is surrounded by oceans and seas.
  • North America - An Overview 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.mbendi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hence the Palaeozoic and Mesozoic seas of North America were not deep oceans, and as far as this continent is concerned it is by no means admissible to assume, as some of the earlier geologists did, that the position of continents and oceans have repeatedly changed places.

.The testimony of the rocks is decidedly in favour of Dana's view that continental masses are relatively permanent.^ The testimony of the rocks is decidedly in favour of Dana's view that continental masses are relatively permanent.

.The early history of the Laurentian region has been dwelt upon because of its great importance in the history of the continent, and because its history has so generally been misunderstood.^ The early history of the Laurentian region has been dwelt upon because of its great importance in the history of the continent, and because its history has so generally been misunderstood.

^ To these reasons may be added a third: through Palaeozoic and Mesozoic time the history of the Laurentian region is for the most part a blank .

.To these reasons may be added a third: through Palaeozoic and Mesozoic time the history of the Laurentian region is for the most part a blank.^ To these reasons may be added a third: through Palaeozoic and Mesozoic time the history of the Laurentian region is for the most part a blank .

^ It seems for the most part to have belonged in the earliest times to the great pre-Cambrian land area, of which the Laurentian Appa- highland is the more manifest representative for wherel a c h ia n ever the basal members of the Palaeozoic sedimentary ig hla nds.

^ Inside Education endeavours to empower teachers and students with current, relevant information on environmental issues and the best means through which these issues may be addressed in the classroom.
  • International - North America 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC eelink.net [Source type: Academic]

.Records are wanting from the early Palaeozoic to the Pleistocene, when the Laurentian uplands became the centres from which the ice sheets of the Glacial period spread out on all sides.^ Records are wanting from the early Palaeozoic to the Pleistocene, when the Laurentian uplands became the centres from which the ice sheets of the Glacial period spread out on all sides.

^ The Laurentian lakes are further characterized by an intimate association with the ice-sheets of the Glacial period; but while glacial erosion and drift obstruction suffice to account for the smaller lakes, it is very probable that broad crustal warping and drainage reversal have been potent aids to the other processes in producing the great lakes.

^ The Laurentian highlands and the Scandinavian highlands were both heavily and repeatedly glaciated in recent geological times, and the ice sheets that crept out on all sides from those centres spread far over the lower lands to the south and away from the axis of symmetry towards the continental interior, scouring the highlands and leaving them rocky and barren, strewing extensive drift deposits over the peripheral areas, and thus significantly modifying their form and drainage; while the much loftier mountain ranges of western America and central Asia suffered, singularly enough, a far less extensive glaciation.

.As a result of this late chapter in the history of the region, the weathered soils of earlier periods were swept away along with an unknown amount of firm rock, leaving bare ledges, scattered boulders and gravelly drift to-day upon a rugged upland without mountains (except in north-east Labrador), but diversified by innumerable knobs and hollows.^ As a result of this late chapter in the history of the region, the weathered soils of earlier periods were swept away along with an unknown amount of firm rock, leaving bare ledges, scattered boulders and gravelly drift to-day upon a rugged upland without mountains (except in north-east Labrador), but diversified by innumerable knobs and hollows.

^ In the north and along the mountains southward, the forests are largely coniferous, with a mixture of birches, poplars and maples.

^ The fifth, and westernmost, region of North America, taking in most of Mexico, is an active zone of mountain building; its recent geological history is dominated by crustal movements and volcanic activity.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The drainage of the region has thus been thrown into disorder; large and small lakes and marshy hollows abound; the streams are repeatedly interrupted by rapids, and frequently split into two or more channels, enclosing islands many miles in length.^ The drainage of the region has thus been thrown into disorder; large and small lakes and marshy hollows abound; the streams are repeatedly interrupted by rapids, and frequently split into two or more channels, enclosing islands many miles in length.

^ The most remarkable lacustrine region of the continent, rivalling that of Central Africa, forms a belt around the border of the Laurentian highland; here, in addition to ten large lakes, there are hundreds of medium size, and many thousand small lakes.

^ European settlement of Canada began with the French penetration of the St. Laurence Seaway into the region of the Great Lakes, beginning from 1534 and continuing into the 17th century.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

.They are the only highways of this thinly inhabited region.^ They are the only highways of this thinly inhabited region.

.The Appalachian province is a generally hilly and mountainous belt, stretching from Newfoundland to Alabama.^ The Appalachian province is a generally hilly and mountainous belt , stretching from Newfoundland to Alabama .

.It seems for the most part to have belonged in the earliest times to the great pre-Cambrian land area, of which the Laurentian Appa- highland is the more manifest representative for wherel a c h ia n ever the basal members of the Palaeozoic sedimentary ig hla nds. series are found in the Appalachians, they rest upon a floor of denuded Archean rocks, and the lowest layers are largely composed of Archaean detritus.^ Appalachians, they rest upon a floor of denuded Archean rocks, and the lowest layers are largely composed of Archaean detritus.

^ It seems for the most part to have belonged in the earliest times to the great pre-Cambrian land area, of which the Laurentian Appa- highland is the more manifest representative for wherel a c h ia n ever the basal members of the Palaeozoic sedimentary ig hla nds.

^ Hence the pre-Cambrian land surface of the continent must have had not only a vastly greater area than was formerly attributed to it, but also an earlier origin; for at the time when it was thought by the older geologists to be first rising from the primeval ocean, it is now proved to have been slowly sinking after a prolonged land existence.

.This province must, however, be set aside from the undisturbed Laurentian region because of the repeated movements of depression, deformation and elevation that it has suffered, generally along a north-east south-west trend, causing the successive alternations of heavy deposition, and almost equally heavy denudation that have prevailed with varying intensity during the whole stretch of geological time covered by the fossiliferous record.^ This province must, however, be set aside from the undisturbed Laurentian region because of the repeated movements of depression, deformation and elevation that it has suffered, generally along a north-east south-west trend, causing the successive alternations of heavy deposition, and almost equally heavy denudation that have prevailed with varying intensity during the whole stretch of geological time covered by the fossiliferous record.

^ The islands of the West Indies delineate a submerged former land bridge , which had connected North America and South America via Florida and Venezuela .
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Along the ragged coast in the north a moderate and very modern movement of elevation has laid bare clay -floored lowlands that were lately beneath the sea, as in the plain of the lower St Lawrence valley, while along the coastal plain of the south a slight movement of depression has drowned a number of low valley floors, producing shallow arms of the sea, as Chesapeake Bay, Albemarle and Pamlico Sound and Mobile Bay.

.The earliest important mountain-making disturbances interrupted the conditions of deposition in Cambrian time, and produced what has been called the Green Mountain system.^ The earliest important mountain-making disturbances interrupted the conditions of deposition in Cambrian time, and produced what has been called the Green Mountain system.

^ It is, however, important to note that the interval between Palaeozoic and Mesozoic time, in which mountain-making disturbances were so general in western Europe and eastern North America that the older geologists thought them to be of world-wide extent, was here generally passed over in relative quiet, so that continuous sedimentation produced in certain districts a conformable series of deposits from Silurian to Cretaceous time.

^ The only choice that we can make is whether we do that in time to still have breathable air, drinkable water, a livable climate, and standing mountains,” said, Catherine Anne.

.A later, and probably greater, disturbance, with its climax at the close of Carboniferous time, established the Appalachian Mountain system; but, as understood to-day, the "Appalachian revolution" of the older geologists should be regarded as a long-lasting process, perhaps intermittently enduring as long as the whole of Carboniferous time.^ A later, and probably greater, disturbance, with its climax at the close of Carboniferous time, established the Appalachian Mountain system; but, as understood to-day, the "Appalachian revolution" of the older geologists should be regarded as a long-lasting process, perhaps intermittently enduring as long as the whole of Carboniferous time.

^ The earliest important mountain-making disturbances interrupted the conditions of deposition in Cambrian time, and produced what has been called the Green Mountain system.

^ Laurentian region is the work of persevering erosion during a long continuance of dry land conditions, and hence that the region must be regarded as a worn-down mountain system.

.A subordinate period of deposition and deformation occurred early in Mesozoic time, marked by the accumulation and disturbance of several basins of the Newark formation, roughly corresponding to the Triassic of Europe.^ A subordinate period of deposition and deformation occurred early in Mesozoic time, marked by the accumulation and disturbance of several basins of the Newark formation, roughly corresponding to the Triassic of Europe.

^ Paleozoic and early Mesozoic time .
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The earliest important mountain-making disturbances interrupted the conditions of deposition in Cambrian time, and produced what has been called the Green Mountain system.

.The Appalachian mountains of to-day were formerly regarded as the unconsumed remnants of the chief Appalachian uplift; but it is now generally agreed that Mesozoic erosion reduced the greater part of the range to a lowland of moderate or small relief, leaving only isolated groups of subdued mountains in the areas of the most resistant rocks, and that the altitude and form of the mountains of to-day are chiefly the result of the Tertiary elevation and dissection of the previously worn-down mass - the additional height thus given in Tertiary time to the pre-existent subdued mountain groups making them now the loftiest areas of the range, as in the White Mountains of New Hampshire (Mount Washington, 6293 ft.^ The Appalachian mountains of to-day were formerly regarded as the unconsumed remnants of the chief Appalachian uplift; but it is now generally agreed that Mesozoic erosion reduced the greater part of the range to a lowland of moderate or small relief, leaving only isolated groups of subdued mountains in the areas of the most resistant rocks, and that the altitude and form of the mountains of to-day are chiefly the result of the Tertiary elevation and dissection of the previously worn-down mass - the additional height thus given in Tertiary time to the pre-existent subdued mountain groups making them now the loftiest areas of the range, as in the White Mountains of New Hampshire (Mount Washington , 6293 ft.

^ Hence the pre-Cambrian land surface of the continent must have had not only a vastly greater area than was formerly attributed to it, but also an earlier origin; for at the time when it was thought by the older geologists to be first rising from the primeval ocean, it is now proved to have been slowly sinking after a prolonged land existence.

^ Here and there rise dome-like mountains, the result of the underground intrusion of lavas in cistern-like spaces, forming "laccoliths," and blistering up the overlying strata.

) and the .Black Mountains of North Carolina (Mount Mitchell, 6711 ft.^ Black Mountains of North Carolina (Mount Mitchell , 6711 ft.

^ In all the mountain ranges except those of youngest uplift, valleys have been actively eroded, sometimes producing steep peaks as in Mount Assiniboine (i i,500 ft.

). .It is interesting to note that the axis of Tertiary elevation is nearly parallel to and closely associated with the axes of the earlier disturbances, but it lies somewhat to the north-west of its predecessors, and therefore involves considerable areas of flat-lying Palaeozoic strata on the inner side of the previously disturbed belt from New York to Alabama, thus producing what is known as the Alleghany plateau (altitudes, 2000 to 4000 ft.^ It is interesting to note that the axis of Tertiary elevation is nearly parallel to and closely associated with the axes of the earlier disturbances, but it lies somewhat to the north-west of its predecessors, and therefore involves considerable areas of flat-lying Palaeozoic strata on the inner side of the previously disturbed belt from New York to Alabama, thus producing what is known as the Alleghany plateau (altitudes, 2000 to 4000 ft.

^ This well-designed guide enables the user to identify the 74 species of crickets and katydids known from New England, New York, and New Jersey.
  • Singing Insects of North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC entomology.ifas.ufl.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Singing Insects of North America 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC entnemdept.ufl.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Numerous and extensive coal seams occur in the worn-down Appalachians of Nova Scotia , Pennsylvania and Alabama, as well as in the Alleghany plateau from Pennsylvania to Alabama, and in the extension of the same strata through the Ohio and middle Mississippi basins.

). .It should be added that the Ozark plateau of Missouri and the Ouachita mountains on the south, in Arkansas and farther west, are related to one another in much the same way as the Alleghany plateau and the middle ranges of the Appalachians - the two pairs corresponding to a remarkable degree in regard to conditions of ancient accumulation, medieval deformation and denudation, and more modern uplift and dissection; it is, therefore, admissible to classify this western group of uplifts as an annex to the normal Appalachians.^ It should be added that the Ozark plateau of Missouri and the Ouachita mountains on the south, in Arkansas and farther west, are related to one another in much the same way as the Alleghany plateau and the middle ranges of the Appalachians - the two pairs corresponding to a remarkable degree in regard to conditions of ancient accumulation, medieval deformation and denudation, and more modern uplift and dissection; it is, therefore, admissible to classify this western group of uplifts as an annex to the normal Appalachians.

^ This relation is found all around the Adirondack mountains in New York , along the Appalachians southward to Georgia , through the Mississippi basin in Wisconsin and Missouri , and beyond in Texas , and farther west in the Black Hills , as well as certain points in the Rocky Mountains region.

^ In all subsequent time there have been here only moderate oscillations of level, one of which allowed the transgression of the ancient sea in which the overlapping strata were deposited, while another of much more modern date gave the region its present highland altitude (1000 t02000 ft.; mountains near the Labrador coast, 8000 ft.

.Numerous and extensive coal seams occur in the worn-down Appalachians of Nova Scotia, Pennsylvania and Alabama, as well as in the Alleghany plateau from Pennsylvania to Alabama, and in the extension of the same strata through the Ohio and middle Mississippi basins.^ Numerous and extensive coal seams occur in the worn-down Appalachians of Nova Scotia , Pennsylvania and Alabama, as well as in the Alleghany plateau from Pennsylvania to Alabama, and in the extension of the same strata through the Ohio and middle Mississippi basins.

^ The eastern part of the plains is underlaid by Palaeozoic strata, already mentioned as having been laid down upon the subsiding Archaean continent or folded in the making of the Appalachians; coal beds are here included in the Ohio and middle Mississippi basins.

^ This relation is found all around the Adirondack mountains in New York , along the Appalachians southward to Georgia , through the Mississippi basin in Wisconsin and Missouri , and beyond in Texas , and farther west in the Black Hills , as well as certain points in the Rocky Mountains region.

.The eastern coast of the continent has a rocky and ragged shore line from Maine to Greenland, with numerous submerged lowlands and valleys forming bays, and as many uplands and ridges outstretching in promontories and islands; this being the result of the summation of many movements of the land, whose total gives an increasing measure of depression to the north, where an archipelago at last replaces what was probably once a corner of the continent; but the measure of the depression is uncertain, because of the doubt regarding the depth beneath sea-level to which the Pleistocene glaciers may have worn the pre-Glacial valleys.^ The eastern coast of the continent has a rocky and ragged shore line from Maine to Greenland , with numerous submerged lowlands and valleys forming bays, and as many uplands and ridges outstretching in promontories and islands; this being the result of the summation of many movements of the land, whose total gives an increasing measure of depression to the north, where an archipelago at last replaces what was probably once a corner of the continent; but the measure of the depression is uncertain, because of the doubt regarding the depth beneath sea-level to which the Pleistocene glaciers may have worn the pre-Glacial valleys.

^ A fourth region consists of the central portion of the continent, from S Canada to SW Texas, which encompasses an extensive lowland that has experienced alternating periods of submergence beneath the sea and uplift, with the result that it is deeply covered with layers of sedimentary rock.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Along the ragged coast in the north a moderate and very modern movement of elevation has laid bare clay -floored lowlands that were lately beneath the sea, as in the plain of the lower St Lawrence valley, while along the coastal plain of the south a slight movement of depression has drowned a number of low valley floors, producing shallow arms of the sea, as Chesapeake Bay, Albemarle and Pamlico Sound and Mobile Bay.

.South of New England, along the Atlantic coast, and around the border of the gulf into Mexico, the dominating movement of the land in late geological periods has been upward with respect to sea-level, whereby a former sea bottom, on which the land waste of Cretaceous and Tertiary times had been outspread, was revealed as a coastal plain, across which the rivers of the former land area now extend their courses, from the old shore line to the new.^ South of New England , along the Atlantic coast, and around the border of the gulf into Mexico, the dominating movement of the land in late geological periods has been upward with respect to sea-level, whereby a former sea bottom, on which the land waste of Cretaceous and Tertiary times had been outspread, was revealed as a coastal plain, across which the rivers of the former land area now extend their courses, from the old shore line to the new.

^ In July, when the isotherms of 40° and 50° have a tolerably direct course around the latitude circles that border the continent on the north, a great middle area of North America becomes warmer than the seas on the east and west, having a mean of over 80°, and in part over 90°.

^ Indeed, within and closely around an area marked by the St Lawrence system on the north, the Ohio on the south, and stretching from the Atlantic coast between the Gulf of St Lawrence and Chesapeake Bay inland to the middle prairies, there is a remarkable concentration of the population, industry, progress, wealth and power of North America - the focus of attention from all other parts of the continent.

.Part of the same plain, still submerged, forms the "continental shelf" of the mid-Atlantic border.^ Part of the same plain, still submerged, forms the " continental shelf " of the mid-Atlantic border.

^ The cities of the Atlantic harbours and of the adjacent lowlands still take a leading part in industry and commerce, because of their longer establishment and of their relation to Europe.

.Florida seems to be a projecting swell of this shelf, around whose extremity coral reefs have been added, but whose greater mass is still under a shallow sea cover.^ Florida seems to be a projecting swell of this shelf, around whose extremity coral reefs have been added, but whose greater mass is still under a shallow sea cover.

^ The BAHAMAS A long archipelago of sandbars, coral reefs, mangrove swamps, and a few islands lying southeast of Florida and north of Cuba.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The lowlands of Yucatan resemble Florida in being the emerged part of a much larger mass, of which an equal portion is still under water in the shelf around the Gulf of Mexico.

Along the ragged coast in the north a moderate and very modern movement of elevation has laid bare clay-floored lowlands that were lately beneath the sea, as in the plain of the lower St Lawrence valley, while along the coastal plain of the south a slight movement of depression has drowned a number of low valley floors, producing shallow arms of the sea, as Chesapeake Bay, Albemarle and Pamlico Sound and Mobile Bay. .All the coast south of New York is low, and a great part of it is fringed with wave-built sand-reefs.^ All the coast south of New York is low, and a great part of it is fringed with wave -built sand -reefs.

^ We had a great time in New York.
  • Summerized: North America 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.summerized.com [Source type: General]

^ The Great White North is an outdoors paradise both in the winter and the summer and rivals the like of New Zealand, South Africa and Brazil for spectacular natural beauty.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

.The great complex of mountains in the Western highlands.^ The great complex of mountains in the Western highlands.

^ This large continent has diverse landscape and can be divided into major zones such as the Coastal plains, Appalachian Highlands, Interior plains, Interior Highlands, Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains.

^ Northward in Canada the plains become wooded, the western mountains and the eastern highlands being thus connected by a narrow strip of forest.

sometimes styled the .Cordilleras of North America (the Rocky Mountains being the eastern members of the system in the The Cor- United States and Canada), differ from the Laurentian di ieras and Appalachian regions in having suffered numerous of d i sorderly movements at dates so recent that the existing North relief of the region bears a significant relation to its irregular America. uplifts; a relation that doubtless once obtained in the older mountain areas of the east, where it has now been obliterated by erosion.^ In English, North America is often used to refer to the United States and Canada exclusively.
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Rocky Mountains constitute the eastern Cordillera.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Firefly atlas of North America; United States,...
  • North America | Business solutions from AllBusiness.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: News]

.It is not, however, only in modern geological periods that mountain-making disturbances have prevailed in the regions of the Western highlands; their geological history is one of repeated and long-continued movement - the ruins of the more ancient upheavals supplying materials for the strata of newer ranges.^ The great complex of mountains in the Western highlands.

^ It is not, however, only in modern geological periods that mountain-making disturbances have prevailed in the regions of the Western highlands; their geological history is one of repeated and long-continued movement - the ruins of the more ancient upheavals supplying materials for the strata of newer ranges.

^ In all subsequent time there have been here only moderate oscillations of level, one of which allowed the transgression of the ancient sea in which the overlapping strata were deposited, while another of much more modern date gave the region its present highland altitude (1000 t02000 ft.; mountains near the Labrador coast, 8000 ft.

.For example, in Canada an axial belt of ancient rocks is bordered on the east and west by stratified formations of enormous thickness (40,000 to 60,000 ft.^ For example, in Canada an axial belt of ancient rocks is bordered on the east and west by stratified formations of enormous thickness (40,000 to 60,000 ft.

^ We take news from over 60,000 sources and categorize those stories to over 40,600 locations and 450,000 topics .
  • North America News - Topix 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: News]
  • North America News - Topix 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: News]

^ NICARAGUA In the middle of Central America, this republic borders Honduras to the west, and Costa Rica to the east.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

), those on the west including a large share of contemporaneous volcanic materials; all three belts having been deformed and upheaved, as well as deeply dissected in the later chapters of geological time. .It is, however, important to note that the interval between Palaeozoic and Mesozoic time, in which mountain-making disturbances were so general in western Europe and eastern North America that the older geologists thought them to be of world-wide extent, was here generally passed over in relative quiet, so that continuous sedimentation produced in certain districts a conformable series of deposits from Silurian to Cretaceous time.^ In general, the fauna of North America is similar to that of the N areas of Europe and Asia.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The earliest important mountain-making disturbances interrupted the conditions of deposition in Cambrian time, and produced what has been called the Green Mountain system.

^ It is, however, important to note that the interval between Palaeozoic and Mesozoic time, in which mountain-making disturbances were so general in western Europe and eastern North America that the older geologists thought them to be of world-wide extent, was here generally passed over in relative quiet, so that continuous sedimentation produced in certain districts a conformable series of deposits from Silurian to Cretaceous time.

.Furthermore, the Carboniferous period, which gained its name from the extensive coal deposits that were then formed in western Europe and eastern North America, was a marine limestone-making period in the Cordilleran region.^ Physical features of western North America.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Furthermore, the Carboniferous period, which gained its name from the extensive coal deposits that were then formed in western Europe and eastern North America, was a marine limestone -making period in the Cordilleran region.

^ It is, however, important to note that the interval between Palaeozoic and Mesozoic time, in which mountain-making disturbances were so general in western Europe and eastern North America that the older geologists thought them to be of world-wide extent, was here generally passed over in relative quiet, so that continuous sedimentation produced in certain districts a conformable series of deposits from Silurian to Cretaceous time.

There is here exemplified, as might be expected in a region extending over 3000 m. from .Alaska to southern Mexico, and measuring over moo m.^ Alaska to southern Mexico, and measuring over moo m.

in breadth at its middle, a great variety of plateau and mountain structures. .The broad upheaval of adjacent blocks of earth-crust without significant tilting or disturbance has produced the plateaus of Arizona and Utah.^ The broad upheaval of adjacent blocks of earth-crust without significant tilting or disturbance has produced the plateaus of Arizona and Utah .

.Some of the simplest and youngest mountain ridges in the world are to be found in the broken and tilted lava blocks of southern Oregon.^ Some of the simplest and youngest mountain ridges in the world are to be found in the broken and tilted lava blocks of southern Oregon .

^ Some of the world's most dramatic mountain scenery and exotic wildlife in fact, the grandeur of the scenery can get overwhelming at times.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ Tilted blocks on a larger scale, much more affected by processes of sculpture , are found in the lofty St Elias Alps of Alaska, the site of some of the greatest glaciers in the world.

.Tilted blocks on a larger scale, much more affected by processes of sculpture, are found in the lofty St Elias Alps of Alaska, the site of some of the greatest glaciers in the world.^ Tilted blocks on a larger scale, much more affected by processes of sculpture , are found in the lofty St Elias Alps of Alaska, the site of some of the greatest glaciers in the world.

^ Those are just some parts of the overhauling of Canada, and there is so much more everyone should know...
  • North America // Current 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Where some of the stereotypes are true, there is much more to Canada.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

.The wall of a huge fracture, now elaborately carved, constitutes the western slope of the Wahsatch range, facing the desert basin of Utah.^ The wall of a huge fracture, now elaborately carved, constitutes the western slope of the Wahsatch range, facing the desert basin of Utah.

^ Fitting complements of the deeply-eroded mountains are found in the great accumulations of mountain waste now occupying basins of depression between the various ranges, as in Mexico, Utah, Nevada , Montana and elsewhere.

.Ranges of a relatively simple arch structure are seen in the Uinta mountains of Wyoming and Utah.^ Ranges of a relatively simple arch structure are seen in the Uinta mountains of Wyoming and Utah.

.Arched upheavals also characterize the front range of the' Rocky Mountains proper in Colorado and Wyoming and in the Black Hills of South Dakota, bending up the strata of the adjacent plains in the simplest fashion, and producing dome-like mountains, now deeply dissected by outflowing consequent streams.^ Arched upheavals also characterize the front range of the' Rocky Mountains proper in Colorado and Wyoming and in the Black Hills of South Dakota , bending up the strata of the adjacent plains in the simplest fashion, and producing dome -like mountains, now deeply dissected by outflowing consequent streams.

^ Here and there rise dome-like mountains, the result of the underground intrusion of lavas in cistern-like spaces, forming "laccoliths," and blistering up the overlying strata.

^ A remarkable change in the structure of the Rocky Mountains occurs north of the Missouri river in Montana and northward into Canada, where the front range is of synclinal or trough structure, with the youngest instead of the oldest rocks along the axis, while the strata of the plains are bent down and overridden in the most abnormal manner.

.A remarkable change in the structure of the Rocky Mountains occurs north of the Missouri river in Montana and northward into Canada, where the front range is of synclinal or trough structure, with the youngest instead of the oldest rocks along the axis, while the strata of the plains are bent down and overridden in the most abnormal manner.^ A remarkable change in the structure of the Rocky Mountains occurs north of the Missouri river in Montana and northward into Canada, where the front range is of synclinal or trough structure, with the youngest instead of the oldest rocks along the axis, while the strata of the plains are bent down and overridden in the most abnormal manner.

^ Highlights Alaska (USA) Quebec City (Canada) Rocky Mountains (Canada) Hike the Canadian Rockies, experience the beauty of Quebec City, explore Denali National Park, discover ancient Mayan ruins throughout Mexico, enjoy kayaking along the St. Lawrence River, experience sleeping in a Teepee encampment in the Rockies.
  • North America Travel - Experience North America Adventure Tours from Gap Adventures 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.gapadventures.com [Source type: General]

^ Arched upheavals also characterize the front range of the' Rocky Mountains proper in Colorado and Wyoming and in the Black Hills of South Dakota , bending up the strata of the adjacent plains in the simplest fashion, and producing dome -like mountains, now deeply dissected by outflowing consequent streams.

.Indeed, mountain structure occurs of so great diversity in various parts of the Cordilleran region as to elude general description.^ Indeed, mountain structure occurs of so great diversity in various parts of the Cordilleran region as to elude general description.

^ This large continent has diverse landscape and can be divided into major zones such as the Coastal plains, Appalachian Highlands, Interior plains, Interior Highlands, Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains.

^ The early history of the Laurentian region has been dwelt upon because of its great importance in the history of the continent, and because its history has so generally been misunderstood.

.The disturbances extend directly to the western coast line, including not only the coast range of California, but the peninsular area of Lower California (belonging to Mexico) and the detached mountainous islands of British Columbia and Alaska.^ The disturbances extend directly to the western coast line, including not only the coast range of California , but the peninsular area of Lower California (belonging to Mexico) and the detached mountainous islands of British Columbia and Alaska.

^ The western mountains are split in the middle, into the main range of the Rockies and the coast ranges in California, Oregon , Washington , and British Columbia with the Great Basin – a lower area containing smaller ranges and low-lying deserts – in between.
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Parts of California and western Mexico form the partial edge of the Pacific Plate , with the two plates meeting along the San Andreas fault .
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Volcanoes of commanding form here and there dominate the plateaus and mountains. .Orizaba, Popocatepetl and their neighbours, terminating the Cordilleran system in Mexico; Mount San Francisco, bearing snow and Arctic plants above the nearly desert plateau of Arizona; Mount Shasta, with small glaciers in northern California; Mount Rainier, with extensive glaciers surmounting the Cascade range of Washington; Mount Wrangell in Alaska, and farther on the many cones in the curved chain of the Aleutian islands: all these have been heaped up around vents through which their lavas rose from some deep source.^ Orizaba , Popocatepetl and their neighbours, terminating the Cordilleran system in Mexico; Mount San Francisco , bearing snow and Arctic plants above the nearly desert plateau of Arizona; Mount Shasta, with small glaciers in northern California; Mount Rainier, with extensive glaciers surmounting the Cascade range of Washington; Mount Wrangell in Alaska, and farther on the many cones in the curved chain of the Aleutian islands : all these have been heaped up around vents through which their lavas rose from some deep source.

^ British Columbia and the Cascade Range, the Coast Ranges, and the Sierra Nevada of the U.S. Interspersed are some low-lying areas, notably the fertile Central Valley of California.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the fjorded coast of Alaska, as well as in the higher northern ranges, signs of intense glacial erosion are seen in the cirques at the valley heads and in the discordant junction of the " hanging " lateral valleys and the deep trunk valleys - the floors of the former being cut off on the walls of the latter.

.Vast lava floods have been poured out at different times.^ Vast lava floods have been poured out at different times.

.The southern part of the Mexican plateau is built up in large measure of lava sheets, capped with volcanoes.^ The southern part of the Mexican plateau is built up in large measure of lava sheets, capped with volcanoes.

^ MEXICO A large and important state in south-central North America, an upland plateau for the most part, situated between the Pacific and Caribbean.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ High plateaus in Utah are protected by a heavy lava capping, the result of great eruptions before the plateaus were uplifted.

.Extensive lava beds, barren and rugged, cover large areas in north-eastern California.^ Extensive lava beds, barren and rugged, cover large areas in north-eastern California.

^ Then, it is the Mexico in North America that woos a large number of tourists with its cool towns, Mayan rich culture and rugged natural beauty.

^ It is largely on this account that the central and eastern parts of the Mississippi basin enjoy a sufficient and welldistributed rainfall, producing forests or fertile prairies over great areas (rainfall over 40 in.

The basins of Snake and Columbia rivers in Idaho and Washington are flooded with older and more extensive lava sheets, whose borders lap around promontories and islands of the "mainland." Still older lava-flows in British Columbia are now deeply dissected by the branches of Frazer river, and remain only in disconnected upland areas. .High plateaus in Utah are protected by a heavy lava capping, the result of great eruptions before the plateaus were uplifted.^ High plateaus in Utah are protected by a heavy lava capping, the result of great eruptions before the plateaus were uplifted.

^ The southern part of the Mexican plateau is built up in large measure of lava sheets, capped with volcanoes.

^ To the W is an area of scattered basins and high plateaus, including the Interior Plateau of British Columbia in Canada, the Colorado Plateau and the Great Basin of the U.S., and the vast central plateau of Mexico.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Here and there rise dome-like mountains, the result of the underground intrusion of lavas in cistern-like spaces, forming "laccoliths," and blistering up the overlying strata.^ Here and there rise dome-like mountains, the result of the underground intrusion of lavas in cistern-like spaces, forming "laccoliths," and blistering up the overlying strata.

^ Volcanoes of commanding form here and there dominate the plateaus and mountains.

^ There are mountain havens like Oaxaca and Cuernavaca , jungle ruins, Aztec pyramids.
  • Hotel Discount Reservations in North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.agoda.com [Source type: General]

.Thus, by mountain upheaval or volcanic eruption, great altitudes have been gained.^ Thus, by mountain upheaval or volcanic eruption, great altitudes have been gained.

.Where the uplift has' been strong, ranges of truly Alpine form with extensive snow-fields and glaciers occur, as in the Selkirk range of Canada (now traversed by the Canadian Pacific railway), and again in Alaska.^ Where the uplift has' been strong, ranges of truly Alpine form with extensive snow-fields and glaciers occur, as in the Selkirk range of Canada (now traversed by the Canadian Pacific railway ), and again in Alaska.

^ Regions of prevailing snowfall are chiefly in the north-west and north-east; the former includes the higher ranges of the western highlands in Canada and Alaska, where the snowfall from the Pacific winds is heavy, and extensive snowfields and glaciers are formed; the former includes Greenland, where a heavy ice- sheet shrouds the land, the snowfall of moderate measure being probably supplied mostly from the North Atlantic.

^ While horse riding in Canada , enjoy breathtaking views of snow-capped peaks and glacier lakes in the land of mountain lions and black bears.
  • Horseback Riding Vacations North America Horse Riding Holidays Equestrian Tours 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.hiddentrails.com [Source type: General]

.Heights of 12,000 and 14,000 ft.^ Heights of 12,000 and 14,000 ft.

are exceeded by numerous summits in the central part of the system; but the dominating peaks are found far in the north-west and in the south. .Several mountains in Alaska exceed 18,000 ft.^ Several mountains in Alaska exceed 18,000 ft.

^ (Mount McKinley, 20,300 ft.; Mount Logan , 19,540 ft.; Mount St Elias, 18,000 ft.

.(Mount McKinley, 20,300 ft.; Mount Logan, 19,540 ft.; Mount St Elias, 18,000 ft.^ (Mount McKinley, 20,300 ft.; Mount Logan , 19,540 ft.; Mount St Elias, 18,000 ft.

^ Several mountains in Alaska exceed 18,000 ft.

); and the great .Mexican volcanoes rise nearly as high (Orizaba, 18,250 ft.^ Mexican volcanoes rise nearly as high (Orizaba, 18,250 ft.

). .Widespread plateaus maintain upland altitudes of more than a mile over vast areas.^ Widespread plateaus maintain upland altitudes of more than a mile over vast areas.

^ On corresponding oceanic areas in the northern hemisphere the range is little more than 20°, and in the southern hemisphere it is probably less than 10°.

^ Kelsey Publishing - Utah - Mountaineering Guide (1997) More walking than climbing, but a useful guide to the area.

.As in all regions of great altitude, the erosion of valleys has progressed on a magnificent scale in the Cordilleran region, and the actual form of many of its parts is more the result of sculpturing than of uplifting.^ As in all regions of great altitude, the erosion of valleys has progressed on a magnificent scale in the Cordilleran region, and the actual form of many of its parts is more the result of sculpturing than of uplifting.

^ English is the only language spoken at home by more than 80% of the people of the U.S. and by about three-fifths of all Canadians.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Continental crust is more complex than oceanic crust in its structure and origin and is formed primarily at subduction zones.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

.The plateaus of Arizona are traversed by the deep canons of the Colorado river and its branches, at places 1 m.^ The plateaus of Arizona are traversed by the deep canons of the Colorado river and its branches, at places 1 m.

^ In the 1970s, two thousand Mohave lived on the Colorado Indian Reservation and the Fort Mohave Reservation, both located along the Colorado River at the Arizona-California border.

^ The Halchidhoma lived along the Colorado River in Arizona near the mouth of the Gila River and spoke a Yuman Language.

deep, and with elaborately carved walls. .Upon the plateaus themselves, long and ragged cliffs of recession attest an even greater work of erosion than the canons.^ Upon the plateaus themselves, long and ragged cliffs of recession attest an even greater work of erosion than the canons.

^ Laurentian region is the work of persevering erosion during a long continuance of dry land conditions, and hence that the region must be regarded as a worn-down mountain system.

.In all the mountain ranges except those of youngest uplift, valleys have been actively eroded, sometimes producing steep peaks as in Mount Assiniboine (i i,500 ft.^ In all the mountain ranges except those of youngest uplift, valleys have been actively eroded, sometimes producing steep peaks as in Mount Assiniboine (i i,500 ft.

^ Black Mountains of North Carolina (Mount Mitchell , 6711 ft.

^ The northern Cordilleran region contains many beautiful lakes of moderate size in deep valleys among the crowded ranges of the narrowed mountain belt.

) in the .Canadian Rockies, rivalling the Swiss Matterhorn in sharpness of form; but the greater number of summits have been worn to roughly pyramidal form between wide-flaring valleys, and the mountain flanks have thus come to be extensively covered with rock waste lying on slopes of relatively uniform declivity.^ Canadian Rockies, rivalling the Swiss Matterhorn in sharpness of form; but the greater number of summits have been worn to roughly pyramidal form between wide-flaring valleys, and the mountain flanks have thus come to be extensively covered with rock waste lying on slopes of relatively uniform declivity.

^ Polynesia is the culture area of the Pacific Ocean that lies roughly between 170° and 110° E and 40° to 20° S. .

^ In all these cases, the wash of rock waste from the mountains remains on the continent and builds up the basin plains, instead of being carried away from the land to form stratified sediments on the sea floor.

.Some of the ranges are in a second cycle of dissection, having been once worn down to moderate relief and now being elevated for renewed erosion; the Sierra Nevada of California is believed to be, in part, of this history, having at least in its central and northern parts been well reduced and now again enjoying a mountainous character in virtue of a later slanting uplift en bloc, with rapid descent on its eastern fractured face.^ Some of the ranges are in a second cycle of dissection, having been once worn down to moderate relief and now being elevated for renewed erosion; the Sierra Nevada of California is believed to be, in part, of this history, having at least in its central and northern parts been well reduced and now again enjoying a mountainous character in virtue of a later slanting uplift en bloc, with rapid descent on its eastern fractured face.

^ Other ranges, almost completely worn down, still remain low, as in south-eastern California, where they are now represented by gently sloping rock floors veneered with gravel and retaining only small remnants of their original mass still unconsumed; thus the end, as well as the beginning, of the cycle of erosion, together with many complications of its progress, are illustrated in different parts of this great and varied mountain system.

^ Cordilleras of North America (the Rocky Mountains being the eastern members of the system in the The Cor- United States and Canada ), differ from the Laurentian di ieras and Appalachian regions in having suffered numerous of d i sorderly movements at dates so recent that the existing North relief of the region bears a significant relation to its irregular America.

.Other ranges, almost completely worn down, still remain low, as in south-eastern California, where they are now represented by gently sloping rock floors veneered with gravel and retaining only small remnants of their original mass still unconsumed; thus the end, as well as the beginning, of the cycle of erosion, together with many complications of its progress, are illustrated in different parts of this great and varied mountain system.^ Other ranges, almost completely worn down, still remain low, as in south-eastern California, where they are now represented by gently sloping rock floors veneered with gravel and retaining only small remnants of their original mass still unconsumed; thus the end, as well as the beginning, of the cycle of erosion, together with many complications of its progress, are illustrated in different parts of this great and varied mountain system.

^ Central America , the West Indies and various submarine ridges by which the islands are connected with one another and with the mainland to the west, as well as certain ranges along the northern margin of South America, all belong together in what has been termed the Antillean mountain system, in which east and west trends of late geological date predominate, with abundant volcanic additions on the Pacific border of Central America, and along the eastern end of the system in the Windward islands of the Lesser Antilles .

^ Some of the ranges are in a second cycle of dissection, having been once worn down to moderate relief and now being elevated for renewed erosion; the Sierra Nevada of California is believed to be, in part, of this history, having at least in its central and northern parts been well reduced and now again enjoying a mountainous character in virtue of a later slanting uplift en bloc, with rapid descent on its eastern fractured face.

.In the fjorded coast of Alaska, as well as in the higher northern ranges, signs of intense glacial erosion are seen in the cirques at the valley heads and in the discordant junction of the "hanging" lateral valleys and the deep trunk valleys - the floors of the former being cut off on the walls of the latter.^ In the fjorded coast of Alaska, as well as in the higher northern ranges, signs of intense glacial erosion are seen in the cirques at the valley heads and in the discordant junction of the " hanging " lateral valleys and the deep trunk valleys - the floors of the former being cut off on the walls of the latter.

^ This area was heavily glaciated and the valleys are textbook geologic featuring meandering streams through enormous valleys with hanging waterfalls on the valley walls, great expanses of exposed granite and huge moraines.
  • Horseback Riding Vacations North America Horse Riding Holidays Equestrian Tours 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.hiddentrails.com [Source type: General]

^ British Columbia and the Cascade Range, the Coast Ranges, and the Sierra Nevada of the U.S. Interspersed are some low-lying areas, notably the fertile Central Valley of California.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Fitting complements of the deeply-eroded mountains are found in the great accumulations of mountain waste now occupying basins of depression between the various ranges, as in Mexico, Utah, Nevada, Montana and elsewhere.^ The western mountains are split in the middle, into the main range of the Rockies and the coast ranges in California, Oregon , Washington , and British Columbia with the Great Basin – a lower area containing smaller ranges and low-lying deserts – in between.
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is the dividing point between the stunning Coast Mountain range and the Chilcotin Plateau, where the crystal clear Chilko River winds its way down to the coastal watersheds.
  • Horseback Riding Vacations North America Horse Riding Holidays Equestrian Tours 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.hiddentrails.com [Source type: General]

^ Along the Pacific coast are a number of lofty mountain systems, extending from the Alaska Range to the Sierra Madre Occidental and Sierra Madre del Sur of Mexico.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Erosion and transportation here combine to build up the floors of the basins with the waste of the surrounding highlands; a result that is peculiarly beneficial in Mexico where the climate of the plateau basins is rendered relatively temperate by reason of its altitude, and where the surface is easily habitable by reason of its small relief.^ Erosion and transportation here combine to build up the floors of the basins with the waste of the surrounding highlands; a result that is peculiarly beneficial in Mexico where the climate of the plateau basins is rendered relatively temperate by reason of its altitude, and where the surface is easily habitable by reason of its small relief.

^ Here and there rise dome-like mountains, the result of the underground intrusion of lavas in cistern-like spaces, forming "laccoliths," and blistering up the overlying strata.

^ In all these cases, the wash of rock waste from the mountains remains on the continent and builds up the basin plains, instead of being carried away from the land to form stratified sediments on the sea floor.

.In the larger depressions, as along the boundary of the United States and Mexico, isdlated ranges frequently rise like islands over the plain of waste that has been built up on their flanks.^ In the larger depressions, as along the boundary of the United States and Mexico, isdlated ranges frequently rise like islands over the plain of waste that has been built up on their flanks.

^ The United States is still home to classic places like the Grand Canyon, the Snake River, Yellowstone National Park.
  • North America Adventure Trips - BootsnAll World Adventures 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC adventures.bootsnall.com [Source type: General]

^ Here and there rise dome-like mountains, the result of the underground intrusion of lavas in cistern-like spaces, forming "laccoliths," and blistering up the overlying strata.

.Shallow saline lakes or playas (wet-weather lakes) without outlets lie on the lowest parts of the waste-filled basins; their failure to overflow in rivers discharging to the sea being less the result of enclosure by barriers than of deficiency of rainfall; for it is chiefly in the arid region that the waste-floored basins are best developed.^ McKinley, or Denali (6194 m/20,320 ft), is situated in the Alaska Range, and the lowest point, 86 m (282 ft) below sea level, is in Death Valley, Calif., a part of the Great Basin.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mississippi River basin, including its major tributaries, the Missouri and Ohio , occupies more than one-eighth of the continent’s total area.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ As the Arctic's sea ice melts, energy and mining companies are moving into previously inaccessible regions to tap the abundant riches that lie beneath the permafrost and the ocean floor.
  • Yale Environment 360: Region 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC e360.yale.edu [Source type: News]

.Indeed, the rainfall is often so scanty that the streams from the mountains - where most of the little precipitation occurs - often fail even to form lakes, withering away on the waste plains.^ Indeed, the rainfall is often so scanty that the streams from the mountains - where most of the little precipitation occurs - often fail even to form lakes, withering away on the waste plains.

^ Hike in deep canyons and up high mountains; explore hot deserts and cool lakes; enjoy vibrant cities and little known towns.
  • North America Hotels and Beach Resorts Online Hotel Reservation Service 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.southtravels.com [Source type: News]

^ Most of the region, which receives relatively little precipitation, is covered with snow and ice during much of the year.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In all these cases, the wash of rock waste from the mountains remains on the continent and builds up the basin plains, instead of being carried away from the land to form stratified sediments on the sea floor.^ In all these cases, the wash of rock waste from the mountains remains on the continent and builds up the basin plains, instead of being carried away from the land to form stratified sediments on the sea floor.

^ Erosion and transportation here combine to build up the floors of the basins with the waste of the surrounding highlands; a result that is peculiarly beneficial in Mexico where the climate of the plateau basins is rendered relatively temperate by reason of its altitude, and where the surface is easily habitable by reason of its small relief.

^ Northward in Canada the plains become wooded, the western mountains and the eastern highlands being thus connected by a narrow strip of forest.

.The habit of gathering mountain waste in interior basins that characterizes so much of the Cordilleras region to-day is only the continuation of an earlier practice, for extensive basin deposits of Tertiary date are found in many parts of the Cordilleran region; some of them are famous for preserving vertebrate fossils, such as those of the many-toed ancestors of the horse.^ The habit of gathering mountain waste in interior basins that characterizes so much of the Cordilleras region to-day is only the continuation of an earlier practice, for extensive basin deposits of Tertiary date are found in many parts of the Cordilleran region; some of them are famous for preserving vertebrate fossils, such as those of the many-toed ancestors of the horse .

^ But the plains are now crossed by many railways leading to the Cordilleran region - the "Far West" - in large part too rugged or too arid for occupation, but rich in minerals from one end to the other, the seat of many mining camps of unstable population, and containing numerous permanent settlements in the intermontane basins.

^ In all subsequent time there have been here only moderate oscillations of level, one of which allowed the transgression of the ancient sea in which the overlapping strata were deposited, while another of much more modern date gave the region its present highland altitude (1000 t02000 ft.; mountains near the Labrador coast, 8000 ft.

.Between the loftier western highlands and the lower eastern highlands (Laurentian and Appalachian) lies a great extension of medial plains, stretching in moderate altitude from the Th e Medial Arctic Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico, and having in their middle a breadth of 1500 m.^ Between the loftier western highlands and the lower eastern highlands (Laurentian and Appalachian) lies a great extension of medial plains, stretching in moderate altitude from the Th e Medial Arctic Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico , and having in their middle a breadth of 1500 m.

^ The great complex of mountains in the Western highlands.

^ The eastern part of the plains is underlaid by Palaeozoic strata, already mentioned as having been laid down upon the subsiding Archaean continent or folded in the making of the Appalachians; coal beds are here included in the Ohio and middle Mississippi basins.

.They are composed pla i ns. throughout of nearly horizontal strata and mark a region long exempt from strong disturbance.^ They are composed pla i ns.

.Although for the most part floored by marine formations, their structure and composition indicate, as has already been said, relatively shallow water.^ Although for the most part floored by marine formations, their structure and composition indicate, as has already been said, relatively shallow water.

^ Most new wind projects should be located in federal waters from Massachusetts to North Carolina, and across the Midwestern states, the report said.
  • Yale Environment 360: Region 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC e360.yale.edu [Source type: News]

^ Furthermore, all the marine strata that now stretch over a large part of what is believed to have been the ancient continental surface are of relatively shallow water origin; none of them bears any close resemblance to the deposits of the deep oceans that have been so well studied of late years.

.The ancient sea that once occupied the middle belt of the continent therefore had little likeness to the abysmal oceans, but resembled rather the shallow ocean margins that to-day overlap various continental masses - the largest example of this kind now existing being between Asia and Australia.^ The ancient sea that once occupied the middle belt of the continent therefore had little likeness to the abysmal oceans, but resembled rather the shallow ocean margins that to-day overlap various continental masses - the largest example of this kind now existing being between Asia and Australia .

^ Furthermore, all the marine strata that now stretch over a large part of what is believed to have been the ancient continental surface are of relatively shallow water origin; none of them bears any close resemblance to the deposits of the deep oceans that have been so well studied of late years.

^ Now an emerging group of planners is promoting a new kind of development — mixed-use, low-carbon communities that are pedestrian-friendly and mass-transit-oriented.
  • Yale Environment 360: Region 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC e360.yale.edu [Source type: News]

.The eastern part of the plains is underlaid by Palaeozoic strata, already mentioned as having been laid down upon the subsiding Archaean continent or folded in the making of the Appalachians; coal beds are here included in the Ohio and middle Mississippi basins.^ The eastern part of the plains is underlaid by Palaeozoic strata, already mentioned as having been laid down upon the subsiding Archaean continent or folded in the making of the Appalachians; coal beds are here included in the Ohio and middle Mississippi basins.

^ Pleistocene glaciation covered the plains of the Ohio, upper Mississippi and Winnipeg districts with extensive deposits of ice-laid or water-laid drift, furnishing a generally smooth surface and a fertile soil: here are the true prairies - treeless, but richly grassed.

^ The crystalline Archaean rocks in the Laurentian region and its scattered fellows cannot possibly be explained as a primitive sea bottom, rising above sea-level to make the beginning of a continent and receiving Cambrian strata upon its still submerged borders, but only as portions of an already old and deeply-denuded land area, which was in pre-Cambrian time much larger than the visible Laurentian area of to-day, and which was reduced to perhaps half its primeval dimensions by a gradual submergence beneath the transgressing sea in which the Cambrian sediments were laid down.

.The area of the western plains remained submerged to a later date, preserving a stretch of marine waters to the end of Mesozoic time, and thus resembling the lowland belt of western Asia, which was similarly covered by a broad and a shallow arm of the ocean extending from the Arctic to the European mediterraneans until a late geological date.^ The area of the western plains remained submerged to a later date, preserving a stretch of marine waters to the end of Mesozoic time, and thus resembling the lowland belt of western Asia, which was similarly covered by a broad and a shallow arm of the ocean extending from the Arctic to the European mediterraneans until a late geological date.

^ Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic time .
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Mexico, with its long plateaus and cordilleras , falls largely in the western region, although the eastern coastal plain does extend south along the Gulf.
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The surface of the medial plains is not always so even as might be inferred from their name.^ The surface of the medial plains is not always so even as might be inferred from their name.

.Both the eastern and the western areas have been extensively denuded, even to the point of being reduced to peneplains.^ Both the eastern and the western areas have been extensively denuded, even to the point of being reduced to peneplains.

^ Northward in Canada the plains become wooded, the western mountains and the eastern highlands being thus connected by a narrow strip of forest.

^ The western forested area begins in the eastern Rocky Mountains and extends to the Pacific.

.Their present altitude is not so much the result of their original uplift from the sea as of a later elevatory movement.^ Their present altitude is not so much the result of their original uplift from the sea as of a later elevatory movement.

.The great river basins, for which North America is famous, have thus been formed between the eastern and western highlands - the Mississippi receiving the drainage of a vast area (about 1,240,000 sq.^ The Mississippi River basin and its drainage network.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ North America, with an area of about 8,000,000 sq.

^ Physical features of western North America.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

m.) for discharge to the south, while the .Saskatchewan and Mackenzie gather their waters from somewhat less extensive areas in the north.^ Saskatchewan and Mackenzie gather their waters from somewhat less extensive areas in the north.

^ It is this ancient Laurentian area that the earlier geologists named the "Continental Nucleus ," as if it had been the first part of North America to rise from the primeval waters of an assumed universal ocean.

^ Extensive lava beds, barren and rugged, cover large areas in north-eastern California.

.Pleistocene glaciation covered the plains of the Ohio, upper Mississippi and Winnipeg districts with extensive deposits of ice-laid or water-laid drift, furnishing a generally smooth surface and a fertile soil: here are the true prairies - treeless, but richly grassed.^ Pleistocene glaciation covered the plains of the Ohio, upper Mississippi and Winnipeg districts with extensive deposits of ice-laid or water-laid drift, furnishing a generally smooth surface and a fertile soil: here are the true prairies - treeless, but richly grassed.

^ The eastern part of the plains is underlaid by Palaeozoic strata, already mentioned as having been laid down upon the subsiding Archaean continent or folded in the making of the Appalachians; coal beds are here included in the Ohio and middle Mississippi basins.

^ The central plains and prairies of the U.S. and S Canada were originally grass covered, but much of the natural flora has been replaced by commercial crops.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The traditional continuity of the Cordilleras of North and South America has been broken by investigations in the isthmian portion of the northern continent.^ The traditional continuity of the Cordilleras of North and South America has been broken by investigations in the isthmian portion of the northern continent.

^ Among the continent’s democratically governed states are Canada, Mexico, Costa Rica, and the U.S. The nations of North America have sought hemispheric unity as members of the Organization of American States , which also includes South American countries.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Map of the United States of America including Canada and a large portion of Texas [also titled on same map as Map of North America by] J. Calvin Smith.
  • North America Maps 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.mdhs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The structural peculiarities of the western highlands of North America may be traced only to the east and west belt of great volcanoes by which the plateau of central Mexico is terminated on the south.^ Meadowlark, Western A brightly-colored songbird from western and central North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Western Meadowlark A brightly-colored songbird from western and central North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It lives in rainforests of Central and South America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The ranges of the Andes fail to reach Panama, from which the nearest one is separated by the valley of the Atrato.^ The ranges of the Andes fail to reach Panama , from which the nearest one is separated by the valley of the Atrato .

^ They are North America’s highest and tallest dunes, with the tallest one, Star Dune, reaching 750 feet above the valley floor.
  • Horseback Riding Vacations North America Horse Riding Holidays Equestrian Tours 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.hiddentrails.com [Source type: General]

.The two Cordilleras are out of line with each other, and their ends are some 1200 m.^ The two Cordilleras are out of line with each other, and their ends are some 1200 m.

apart. .Central America, the West Indies and various submarine ridges by which the islands are connected with one another and with the mainland to the west, as well as certain ranges along the northern margin of South America, all belong together in what has been termed the Antillean mountain system, in which east and west trends of late geological date predominate, with abundant volcanic additions on the Pacific border of Central America, and along the eastern end of the system in the Windward islands of the Lesser Antilles.^ It lives in rainforests of Central and South America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ COSTA RICA In eastern Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the west, and Panama to the east.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Central America , the West Indies and various submarine ridges by which the islands are connected with one another and with the mainland to the west, as well as certain ranges along the northern margin of South America, all belong together in what has been termed the Antillean mountain system, in which east and west trends of late geological date predominate, with abundant volcanic additions on the Pacific border of Central America, and along the eastern end of the system in the Windward islands of the Lesser Antilles .

.The unity of this system has been until recently overlooked partly because the Antillean ranges are for the most part still under water, and yet further because the volcanoes which form the strongest reliefs of the isthmian region are so arranged along the Pacific coast as to suggest the continuity of the Cordilleran systems on the north and south; but these volcanoes are really only superadded to a foundation of quite another kind.^ The unity of this system has been until recently overlooked partly because the Antillean ranges are for the most part still under water, and yet further because the volcanoes which form the strongest reliefs of the isthmian region are so arranged along the Pacific coast as to suggest the continuity of the Cordilleran systems on the north and south; but these volcanoes are really only superadded to a foundation of quite another kind.

^ Central America , the West Indies and various submarine ridges by which the islands are connected with one another and with the mainland to the west, as well as certain ranges along the northern margin of South America, all belong together in what has been termed the Antillean mountain system, in which east and west trends of late geological date predominate, with abundant volcanic additions on the Pacific border of Central America, and along the eastern end of the system in the Windward islands of the Lesser Antilles .

^ Cordilleras of North America (the Rocky Mountains being the eastern members of the system in the The Cor- United States and Canada ), differ from the Laurentian di ieras and Appalachian regions in having suffered numerous of d i sorderly movements at dates so recent that the existing North relief of the region bears a significant relation to its irregular America.

.Geological studies on the mainland and on the islands have shown that both fundamental structure and surface form are not Cordilleran; and numerous soundings in the adjacent mediterraneans suggest that the islands are best interpreted as the somewhat denuded crests of great crustal ridges.^ Geological studies on the mainland and on the islands have shown that both fundamental structure and surface form are not Cordilleran; and numerous soundings in the adjacent mediterraneans suggest that the islands are best interpreted as the somewhat denuded crests of great crustal ridges.

^ Indeed, mountain structure occurs of so great diversity in various parts of the Cordilleran region as to elude general description.

.The warm waters that bathe the West Indies come with a high temperature from the equatorial Atlantic, and favour the growth of corals along the shores.^ The warm waters that bathe the West Indies come with a high temperature from the equatorial Atlantic, and favour the growth of corals along the shores.

^ An alternative classification system, now favored by the UN, includes Mexico along with Central and South America and the West Indies in a single region, Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Fringing and elevated reefs are known on many of the islands.^ Fringing and elevated reefs are known on many of the islands.

.The Bahamas are the slightly overtopping parts of a broad platform of coral and other calcareous marine deposits, of which the greater area constitutes extensive shallow banks, which descend by a steep slope on the north-east to great depths in the Atlantic.^ The Bahamas are the slightly overtopping parts of a broad platform of coral and other calcareous marine deposits, of which the greater area constitutes extensive shallow banks , which descend by a steep slope on the north-east to great depths in the Atlantic.

^ In July, when the isotherms of 40° and 50° have a tolerably direct course around the latitude circles that border the continent on the north, a great middle area of North America becomes warmer than the seas on the east and west, having a mean of over 80°, and in part over 90°.

^ Oceans turn increasingly acidic, wiping out calcareous plankton and further hitting surviving coral reefs-much of the marine food chain endangered.

.The lowlands of Yucatan resemble Florida in being the emerged part of a much larger mass, of which an equal portion is still under water in the shelf around the Gulf of Mexico.^ The lowlands of Yucatan resemble Florida in being the emerged part of a much larger mass, of which an equal portion is still under water in the shelf around the Gulf of Mexico.

^ You can enjoy the beaches in Mexico, Florida or Carribean, or trekking around the Great Lakes, and admire the Grand Canyon.
  • North America & Caribbean Hotels - Travel Guide, Maps, Reviews - AsiaRooms.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A great many short, but often voluminous, rivers flow to the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico along the well-watered E coasts of Canada, the U.S., and Mexico.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All this region is luxuriantly productive and is advantageously surrounded by waters which would be barren and desert, likethe Sahara, if replaced by lowlands.^ All this region is luxuriantly productive and is advantageously surrounded by waters which would be barren and desert, likethe Sahara , if replaced by lowlands.

^ Instead it suggested that while demand will be down in all regions it would not be catastrophic.
  • business value & ICT - Telecommunications - Green IT - Orange Business Live blog : north America Archives 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC blogs.orange-business.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The active volcanoes on the Pacific slope have built many cones and uplands, some of their historic eruptions having been of terrible violence.^ The active volcanoes on the Pacific slope have built many cones and uplands, some of their historic eruptions having been of terrible violence.

.Thus Lake Nicaragua, once a bay of the Pacific, has been cut off by volcanic deposits, leaving only the Gulf of Fonseca open to the western ocean, raising the level of the lake behind the barrier and turning its discharge eastward to the Caribbean Sea across what was once the inter-oceanic watershed.^ Thus Lake Nicaragua , once a bay of the Pacific, has been cut off by volcanic deposits, leaving only the Gulf of Fonseca open to the western ocean, raising the level of the lake behind the barrier and turning its discharge eastward to the Caribbean Sea across what was once the inter-oceanic watershed .

^ Ozone and smog produced in China and southeast Asia is being blown across the Pacific Ocean on springtime winds and is increasing levels of ozone in the skies above the western U.S. , according to a study published in the journal Nature .
  • Yale Environment 360: Region 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC e360.yale.edu [Source type: News]

^ Purple Sea Urchin A spiny, globular animal that lives on the ocean floor off the western coast of North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The successive crustal movements by which the land area of what we now know as North America has been increased and connected.^ The successive crustal movements by which the land area of what we now know as North America has been increased and connected.

^ The islands of the West Indies delineate a submerged former land bridge , which had connected North America and South America via Florida and Venezuela .
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American Buffalo The American Buffalo (actually a bison) is the heaviest land animal in North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

have determined the growth of several great river systems through which the broader part of the continent is drained. The movements that resulted in the emergence of the Plains had the effect of engrafting many ancient rivers of moderate size upon trunks of unusual dimensions. .The Mississippi system, some of whose eastern branches probably date from early Mesozoic time, received great reinforcements by the addition of many long western branches in Tertiary time, roughly contemporaneous with the uplift of the Gulf coastal plain by which the lower trunk of the river was extended to the sea.^ In early historic times, the Potawatomi, an Algonkian-speaking tribe closely related to the Ottawa and the Ojibwa, lived in the lower peninsula of Michigan, eastern Wisconsin, northeastern Illinois, and northwestern Indiana.

^ The Oto (Chewaere, Hoctatas, Octatas) lived in eastern Nebraska on the lower course of the Platte River and along the Missouri River.

^ A great many short, but often voluminous, rivers flow to the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico along the well-watered E coasts of Canada, the U.S., and Mexico.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The present headwaters of that river-trunk to which the name of Mississippi is applied, and which for that reason have gained an undue subjective importance, are of relatively modern date, as they are controlled by the abundant glacial deposits of northern Minnesota.^ The present headwaters of that river-trunk to which the name of Mississippi is applied, and which for that reason have gained an undue subjective importance, are of relatively modern date, as they are controlled by the abundant glacial deposits of northern Minnesota .

.The evolution of the Mackenzie resembles that of the Mississippi in a very general way, although some of its eastern branches may be the descendants of ancestors more ancient than those flowing westward from the Appalachians; but the regime of the great northern river is strikingly unlike that of its still greater southern analogue on account of its course being from a warmer to a colder climate: hence ice-dams, obstructed discharge, and overflows recur every spring.^ The evolution of the Mackenzie resembles that of the Mississippi in a very general way, although some of its eastern branches may be the descendants of ancestors more ancient than those flowing westward from the Appalachians; but the regime of the great northern river is strikingly unlike that of its still greater southern analogue on account of its course being from a warmer to a colder climate: hence ice-dams, obstructed discharge, and overflows recur every spring.

^ It is particularly in this respect that the general climatic resemblances between North America and Eurasia, above referred to, are broken; for eastern Canada and western Europe are strikingly unlike in seasonal variations of temperature.

^ The Mississippi system, some of whose eastern branches probably date from early Mesozoic time, received great reinforcements by the addition of many long western branches in Tertiary time, roughly contemporaneous with the uplift of the Gulf coastal plain by which the lower trunk of the river was extended to the sea.

.The Nelson and the St Lawrence systems, draining eastward to Hudson Bay and St Lawrence Gulf, receive drainage from areas that would belong to the Mackenzie and the Mississippi systems under a simpler plan of continental growth; and there is much reason for thinking that this simpler plan obtained until the occurrence of those changes, in association with the Glacial period, whereby sea waters gained access to the depressions that now hold the bays and sounds of the north-eastern coast.^ The Gulf of Mexico is the largest body of water indenting the continent, followed by Hudson Bay .
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ANTIGUA An island in the eastern Caribbean, north of Guadeloupe and east of St. Kitts.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ MARTINIQUE An island in the eastern Caribbean, between Dominica to the north and St. Lucia to the south.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

.In exemplification of the rule that the larger ocean receives the drainage of the smaller continental area, the rivers that flow into the Pacific rank below those belonging to the Atlantic.^ In exemplification of the rule that the larger ocean receives the drainage of the smaller continental area, the rivers that flow into the Pacific rank below those belonging to the Atlantic.

^ It is this ancient Laurentian area that the earlier geologists named the "Continental Nucleus ," as if it had been the first part of North America to rise from the primeval waters of an assumed universal ocean.

^ The Colorado discharges a muddy current into the Gulf of California; but for the aridity of its large drainage area its volume would be much larger.

.The greatest is the Yukon, of farther Canada and inner Alaska, one of the great rivers of the world, little known until the active exploration of its basin for goldfields.^ The greatest is the Yukon , of farther Canada and inner Alaska, one of the great rivers of the world, little known until the active exploration of its basin for goldfields.

^ The Mississippi River basin, including its major tributaries, the Missouri and Ohio , occupies more than one-eighth of the continent’s total area.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Canada and the U.S. have highly developed modern economies, and Mexico, although less developed than its neighbors, contains some of the world's greatest deposits of petroleum and natural gas.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Frazer drains much of the mountainous area of southern British Columbia, as the Columbia drains that of the north-western United States; the latter is peculiar in that one of its headwaters rises at the eastern base of the 170cky Mountains in northern Montana and flows westward through the ranges.^ The Frazer drains much of the mountainous area of southern British Columbia, as the Columbia drains that of the north-western United States; the latter is peculiar in that one of its headwaters rises at the eastern base of the 170cky Mountains in northern Montana and flows westward through the ranges.

^ The western mountains are split in the middle, into the main range of the Rockies and the coast ranges in California, Oregon , Washington , and British Columbia with the Great Basin – a lower area containing smaller ranges and low-lying deserts – in between.
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cordilleras of North America (the Rocky Mountains being the eastern members of the system in the The Cor- United States and Canada ), differ from the Laurentian di ieras and Appalachian regions in having suffered numerous of d i sorderly movements at dates so recent that the existing North relief of the region bears a significant relation to its irregular America.

.The Colorado discharges a muddy current into the Gulf of California; but for the aridity of its large drainage area its volume would be much larger.^ The Colorado discharges a muddy current into the Gulf of California; but for the aridity of its large drainage area its volume would be much larger.

^ To the W of the Continental Divide are relatively few major rivers (notably the Colorado, Columbia, Fraser, and Yukon) and many short, large-volume streams.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Extensive lava beds, barren and rugged, cover large areas in north-eastern California.

.The same is true of the Rio Grande, whose name would be better justified if so much of its basin were not semi-arid.^ The Rio Grande basin and its drainage network.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The same is true of the Rio Grande , whose name would be better justified if so much of its basin were not semi-arid.

^ The pollsters oversampled in order to get a much better take on the issue than the standard survey would allow.
  • North America // Current 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Lake.
Altitude.
Area.
Depth.
Ft.
Sq. m.
Ft.
Ontario
247
7,200 (?)
738
Erie
573
9,900
210
Huron
582
22,322
750
Michigan
582
21,729
870
Superior
602
31,000
1008
.The most remarkable lacustrine region of the continent, rivalling that of Central Africa, forms a belt around the border of the Laurentian highland; here, in addition to ten large lakes, there are hundreds of medium size, and many thousand small lakes.^ Central America comprises the southern region of the continent, but its northern terminus varies between sources.
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to printing the animals, you can copy a printout ( click here for instructions ) and paste it into a painting program (like Paint) and color the animal there.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The continent has three enormous coastal indentations—Hudson Bay in the NE, the Gulf of Mexico in the SE, and the Gulf of Alaska in the NW. There are many small islands near the E and W coasts, but the most prominent islands are in the far N. .
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They are peculiar in occupying a region of moderate relief, in which no strong dislocations have taken place in recent geological time (unless in the case of Lake Superior), and thus in contrasting with the great African lakes which occupy rift-valleys or graben of comparatively recent fracture.^ European settlement of Canada began with the French penetration of the St. Laurence Seaway into the region of the Great Lakes, beginning from 1534 and continuing into the 17th century.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lake Superior, the world's biggest freshwater lake, and 10 of the next 25 largest natural lakes are found in this region.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Claimed by Spain from 1502 Sporadic attempts by Spain, the Netherlands, and Great Britain to occupy the place from c.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Laurentian lakes are further characterized by an intimate association with the ice-sheets of the Glacial period; but while glacial erosion and drift obstruction suffice to account for the smaller lakes, it is very probable that broad crustal warping and drainage reversal have been potent aids to the other processes in producing the great lakes.^ Two prominent drainage systems—the Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence R. system and the Mississippi-Missouri river system—dominate the hydrography of E and central North America.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [Credits : Thinkstock/Juipterimages] The Great Lakes and their drainage basin.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

.The northern Cordilleran region contains many beautiful lakes of moderate size in deep valleys among the crowded ranges of the narrowed mountain belt.^ Hike in deep canyons and up high mountains; explore hot deserts and cool lakes; enjoy vibrant cities and little known towns.
  • North America Hotels and Beach Resorts Online Hotel Reservation Service 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.southtravels.com [Source type: News]

^ Crossing a rolling prairie landscape, this working ranch, lies tucked away in the beautiful Saskatchewan River valley, along the shores of Lake Diefenbaker.
  • Horseback Riding Vacations North America Horse Riding Holidays Equestrian Tours 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.hiddentrails.com [Source type: General]

^ In the U.S. the coastal plain is bordered on the W by a third region, comprising a relatively narrow cordillera of mountains and hills, notably the rounded Appalachian Mts.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Their origin has not been closely studied. .The basins among the spaced ranges of the middle and southern Cordilleras, in the United States and Mexico, contain many lakes that occupy shallow depressions in desert plains; they are usually without outlet and saline; many of the basins were formerly occupied by lakes of much greater size, some of which overflowed, implying a climate moister than that of to-day, probably correlated with the glacial climate of the regions farther north.^ You may select your destination directly on the map (United States, Canada, Mexico, Jamaica and polar region text labels) to see all hotels of the selected area.
  • North America & Caribbean Hotels - Travel Guide, Maps, Reviews - AsiaRooms.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The western mountains are split in the middle, into the main range of the Rockies and the coast ranges in California, Oregon , Washington , and British Columbia with the Great Basin – a lower area containing smaller ranges and low-lying deserts – in between.
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mexico, with its long plateaus and cordilleras , falls largely in the western region, although the eastern coastal plain does extend south along the Gulf.
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Lakes in volcanic craters or behind volcanic barriers occur in Central America, while Florida possesses many small lakes in limestone basins.^ A great variety of finfish and shellfish live in the marine waters off North America, and many kinds of fish are found in its freshwater rivers and lakes.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two prominent drainage systems—the Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence R. system and the Mississippi-Missouri river system—dominate the hydrography of E and central North America.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The following table is taken from Russell's Lakes of North America: The climatic features of North America are best appreciated when considered as exhibiting modifications of those general climatic conditions which prevail in consequence of the globular form of the earth as a whole.^ Generally temperate climatic conditions prevail.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Physical features of western North America.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ According to a widely accepted theory, almost all of North America is situated on the North American plate, an enormous platform considered one of about a dozen major units constituting the structural mosaic of the earth's crust.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In January, when the iso therms of 65° to 75° F. stretch almost directly across land and sea in the north torrid zone, a mean temperature of zero or less invades the region north-west of Hudson Bay, which thus resembles north-eastern Asia in departing greatly from the mean prevailing in similar latitudes on the northern oceans, and in bringing upon the northern lands an extension of frigid conditions that have no analogue in the southern or oceanic hemisphere.^ The islands of the West Indies delineate a submerged former land bridge , which had connected North America and South America via Florida and Venezuela .
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Continental crust is thicker, 22 mi (35 km) on average and less dense than oceanic crust, which accounts for its mean surface elevation of about 3 mi (4.8 km) above that of the ocean floor ( Archimedes’ principle ).
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In North America ) boreal forest ( in boreal forest (northern forest) ) Boreal kingdom ( in biogeographic region: Boreal kingdom ) game animals ( in hunting (human predation): North America.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

.In July, when the isotherms of 40° and 50° have a tolerably direct course around the latitude circles that border the continent on the north, a great middle area of North America becomes warmer than the seas on the east and west, having a mean of over 80°, and in part over 90°.^ The islands of the West Indies delineate a submerged former land bridge , which had connected North America and South America via Florida and Venezuela .
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The nearest landmass to it is Cape Hatteras , North Carolina , and it is often thought of as part of North America, especially given its historical political and cultural ties to Virginia and other parts of the continent.
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North America and South America are popularly accepted as having been named after Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci by the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller .
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In January the Hudson Bay region is 30° colder than the mean of its own latitude, about 60° colder than the mean of the corresponding southern latitude; while in July the Arizona-Mexican region is 20° above the mean of its own latitude, or about 40° above the mean of the corresponding southern latitude.^ Consequently, the mean age of the continents is almost two billion years, more than 30 times the average age of the oceanic crust.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ DZIBANCHE A Mayan city state, located in the jungles of southern Quintana Roo State, eastern Yucatan - it is about 25 miles (40 km.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It has a mean age of about 60 million years.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

.In both winter and summer the isotherms are more closely crowded while crossing the continent than while crossing the adjacent oceans; or, in other words, the poleward temperature gradient is stronger on the land than on the oceans; and all these features should be regarded as inherent characteristics of the climate of North America in virtue of its being a continent chiefly in temperate latitudes.^ With all of these words .
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Physical features of western North America.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Travel North America for various vacation opportunities, from Pacific to Atlantic Ocean, via the Gulf of Mexico.
  • North America & Caribbean Hotels - Travel Guide, Maps, Reviews - AsiaRooms.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An associated feature of continental climate is found in the strong annual range of temperature of the central land area.^ British Columbia and the Cascade Range, the Coast Ranges, and the Sierra Nevada of the U.S. Interspersed are some low-lying areas, notably the fertile Central Valley of California.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North America: The land ) climate ( in Americas (continents) ; in North American monsoon (meteorology) ) continental features ( in continent (geography) ) geographic centre ( in Rugby (North Dakota, United States) ) Great Basin ( in Great Basin (region, United States) ) Gulf of Saint Lawrence ( in Gulf of Saint Lawrence (gulf, Canada) ) lake ice ( in ice in lakes and rivers: Freeze-up ) mountain ranges .
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

The range between the means of January and July exceeds 40° for the largest part of the lands, and 70° for much of the northern lands; the range of extreme temperatures is much greater. .On corresponding oceanic areas in the northern hemisphere the range is little more than 20°, and in the southern hemisphere it is probably less than 10°.^ Consequently, the mean age of the continents is almost two billion years, more than 30 times the average age of the oceanic crust.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ They speak a Shoshonean language and probably number less than fifty.

^ They speak a language of the Shastan family of the Hokan-Siouan phylum and probably number less than fifty.

.It must appear from this that if the largest part of North America is said to be in the north temperate zone, "temperate" must be taken as having little of the meaning originally given to it in southern Europe, for the winter cold is severe and the summer heat is excessive over much of the North American continent.^ Among the continent’s democratically governed states are Canada, Mexico, Costa Rica, and the U.S. The nations of North America have sought hemispheric unity as members of the Organization of American States , which also includes South American countries.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ North America is a continent in the Earth's northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere.
  • Cheap Flights to North America : Bargain North America Flights with TravelhouseUK 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.travelhouseuk.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The nearest landmass to it is Cape Hatteras , North Carolina , and it is often thought of as part of North America, especially given its historical political and cultural ties to Virginia and other parts of the continent.
  • North America - NativeWiki 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.nativewiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The several members of the terrestrial wind system, including therein the trade winds of a broadened torrid zone, the stormy westerly winds of middle latitudes and the irregular winds of the polar regions, are well exemplified over North America; but, as is usually the case on land, the systematic movement of the atmosphere is better seen in the drift of the clouds than in the movement of the surface winds, which are much modified by the changes from hill to valley, from mountain to plain.^ The fifth, and westernmost, region of North America, taking in most of Mexico, is an active zone of mountain building; its recent geological history is dominated by crustal movements and volcanic activity.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In North America ) boreal forest ( in boreal forest (northern forest) ) Boreal kingdom ( in biogeographic region: Boreal kingdom ) game animals ( in hunting (human predation): North America.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ American Buffalo The American Buffalo (actually a bison) is the heaviest land animal in North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Nevertheless the prevalence of the general atmosphere currents has much to do with the control of certain values of annual temperature range, as well as with the distribution of rainfall. .The former are small (about 20 0) along a great stretch of the Pacific coast, even as far north as Alaska, where the moderating influences of the ocean are brought upon the land by the westerly winds; while a range appropriate to a continental interior (30° or 40°) is experienced over most of the eastern side of the continent in temperate latitudes, and even upon the North Atlantic ocean near the American coast, where strong seasonal changes of temperature are carried forward by the westerly winds.^ McKinley, or Denali (6194 m/20,320 ft), is situated in the Alaska Range, and the lowest point, 86 m (282 ft) below sea level, is in Death Valley, Calif., a part of the Great Basin.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When looking to learn about history, Mexico is a great place to visit as it has ruins left by several different Native American tribes such as the Aztecs and the Mayans.

^ Travel North America for various vacation opportunities, from Pacific to Atlantic Ocean, via the Gulf of Mexico.
  • North America & Caribbean Hotels - Travel Guide, Maps, Reviews - AsiaRooms.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is particularly in this respect that the general climatic resemblances between North America and Eurasia, above referred to, are broken; for eastern Canada and western Europe are strikingly unlike in seasonal variations of temperature.^ In general, the fauna of North America is similar to that of the N areas of Europe and Asia.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Physical features of western North America.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Travel North America for various vacation opportunities, from Pacific to Atlantic Ocean, via the Gulf of Mexico.
  • North America & Caribbean Hotels - Travel Guide, Maps, Reviews - AsiaRooms.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Labrador is about io° cooler than northern Germany in July, but nearly 40° colder in January.
The distribution of rainfall is in general controlled by the prevailing course of the winds. The West Indies receive abundant rain from the passing trades. .In Mexico and Central America the eastern slopes are for the most part better watered than the western, because the winds there come chiefly from the east (maximum over ioo in.^ Meadowlark, Western A brightly-colored songbird from western and central North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North America , Central America , the West Indies or Caribbean region, and South America make up the earth's western hemisphere.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NICARAGUA In the middle of Central America, this republic borders Honduras to the west, and Costa Rica to the east.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

in Guatemala and adjacent parts). Farther north the reverse holds true; the Pacific slope north of 40° latitude has an abundant rainfall (maximum over roo in.), and its mountains are clothed with dense forests. .There are large areas of deficient rainfall (less than 20 in.^ Violent crime is rare, and there are less guns around than in the rest of the US. Smile and live aloha and youll be fine.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

) in the interior of the continent, where the intermontane basins and the .piedmont plains that slope eastward from the Rocky Mountains in middle latitudes are treeless.^ The W portion is made up of the Great Plains, which slope upward to the foot of the Rocky Mts.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The areas afflicted with dryness are unsymmetrically distributed, being west of the medial meridian (950), because of the ranges near the Pacific by which rain is withheld from the basins and from the plains farther east. The dryness is induced not only by light precipitation, but also by active evaporation in the warm season - a rule that holds true until a high latitude is reached. .East of the medial meridian great profit is received from the warm and moist winds that are drawn inland from the water surface of the mediterraneans (Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea) which so advantageously occupy the latitudes that are given up to the Sahara in the Old World.^ Governments from the developed world will never come up with enough money to help poorer nations adapt to global warming and implement renewable energy technologies.
  • Yale Environment 360: Region 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC e360.yale.edu [Source type: News]

^ A great many short, but often voluminous, rivers flow to the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico along the well-watered E coasts of Canada, the U.S., and Mexico.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the beginning of the last decade of the 17th century, most of the North American continent from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico was occupied by the French and English colonial empires.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is largely on this account that the central and eastern parts of the Mississippi basin enjoy a sufficient and welldistributed rainfall, producing forests or fertile prairies over great areas (rainfall over 40 in.^ British Columbia and the Cascade Range, the Coast Ranges, and the Sierra Nevada of the U.S. Interspersed are some low-lying areas, notably the fertile Central Valley of California.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They now live in a federal trust area in north-central Oklahoma, where they are largely assimilated into the White community.

^ The Mississippi River basin, including its major tributaries, the Missouri and Ohio , occupies more than one-eighth of the continent’s total area.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

). .Regions of prevailing snowfall are chiefly in the north-west and north-east; the former includes the higher ranges of the western highlands in Canada and Alaska, where the snowfall from the Pacific winds is heavy, and extensive snowfields and glaciers are formed; the former includes Greenland, where a heavy ice-sheet shrouds the land, the snowfall of moderate measure being probably supplied mostly from the North Atlantic.^ North America is a continent in the Earth's northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere.
  • Cheap Flights to North America : Bargain North America Flights with TravelhouseUK 28 January 2010 1:35 UTC www.travelhouseuk.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Travel North America for various vacation opportunities, from Pacific to Atlantic Ocean, via the Gulf of Mexico.
  • North America & Caribbean Hotels - Travel Guide, Maps, Reviews - AsiaRooms.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North America , Central America , the West Indies or Caribbean region, and South America make up the earth's western hemisphere.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the northern continental interior snow covers the ground during the winter season, not that the snowfall is heavy but that the persistent cold weather preserves the moderate amount that falls.^ Most of the region, which receives relatively little precipitation, is covered with snow and ice during much of the year.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Weather & Dangers : Very cold in the winters, but can be tolerable with the right gear.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ Lowlights : It gets VERY cold during winters.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

.The extension of the continent across the belts of the terrestrial wind system tends to turn branch winds from the westerlies toward the trades on the Pacific border, and from the trades toward the westerlies on the Atlantic border.^ To the E of the divide, water flows toward the Arctic Ocean, Hudson Bay, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Gulf of Mexico, and to the W, rivers flow toward the Pacific Ocean.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North America is bordered on the N by the Arctic Ocean; on the E by the Atlantic Ocean; on the S by the Gulf of Mexico, Central America, and the Pacific Ocean; and on the W by the Pacific Ocean.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Toronto, ON, Canada: Atlantic Wind and Solar Signs LOIs for Rooftop Solar Systems.
  • North American Solar Energy News Summary 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.solarbuzz.com [Source type: News]

.This effect is strengthened in summer, when the higher temperature prevalent over the continent causes the air to flow away from above the lands, and to accumulate over the neighbouring oceans, on each of which a vast anticyclone is thereby established - the circulation of the atmosphere over the North Atlantic and North Pacific thus coming to simulate the circulation of the surface waters of the oceans themselves.^ Travel North America for various vacation opportunities, from Pacific to Atlantic Ocean, via the Gulf of Mexico.
  • North America & Caribbean Hotels - Travel Guide, Maps, Reviews - AsiaRooms.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To the E of the divide, water flows toward the Arctic Ocean, Hudson Bay, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Gulf of Mexico, and to the W, rivers flow toward the Pacific Ocean.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Besides the waters near Greenland, major fishing grounds are off the N Pacific coast, off the N Atlantic coast, and off the S Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is partly on account of this deflection of the summer winds up the Mississippi valley that the eastern interior of the continent receives a beneficent rainfall as already stated.^ ECATEPEC Ecatepec (Nahuatl for "wind hill") was an Aztec city-state in the Valley of Mexico.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

.In winter when the inflow from the south is replaced by an outflow, little rain or snow would fall but for the indraft winds of cyclonic storms by which the outflow appropriate to the cold season of the continent is temporarily reversed.^ Hot/cold, wet and dry: Long punishing winters the further north you go, and hot and humid summers the further south.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

.The free play of the cyclonic winds north and south over the great medial plains permits indrafts from torrid and frigid sources, which sometimes succeed each other rapidly, producing abrupt and frequent weather changes.^ The Great White North is an outdoors paradise both in the winter and the summer and rivals the like of New Zealand, South Africa and Brazil for spectacular natural beauty.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ Call for other times and places, which change frequently.
  • Juggling Club Meetings: North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.juggling.org [Source type: General]

^ Great Horned Owl A large bird of prey from North and South America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Something of the same contrasts is produced by winds drawn in upon the eastern coast alternately from over the moist and warm waters of the Gulf Stream, and from over the moist and cold waters of the Labrador current.^ A great many short, but often voluminous, rivers flow to the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico along the well-watered E coasts of Canada, the U.S., and Mexico.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To reach the 20 percent goal, wind power in the eastern U.S. would have to expand 10-fold from current production.
  • Yale Environment 360: Region 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC e360.yale.edu [Source type: News]

^ Besides the waters near Greenland, major fishing grounds are off the N Pacific coast, off the N Atlantic coast, and off the S Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The southerly flow of the branching winds along the Pacific coast gives them a drying quality, and thus still further broadens the western arid region towards the ocean until it reaches the coast in southern California and north-western Mexico (rainfall less than to in.^ Travel North America for various vacation opportunities, from Pacific to Atlantic Ocean, via the Gulf of Mexico.
  • North America & Caribbean Hotels - Travel Guide, Maps, Reviews - AsiaRooms.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spotted Owl A nocturnal hunter from the Pacific coast of North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Coast Miwok (Olamentke), including the Lake Miwok, lived on the California coast north of San Francisco and inland to Clear Lake.

), there joining the arid belt of western .Mexico and presenting a strong contrast to the rainy forested coast farther north; but although unfavourably dry, the southern California coast is one of the most truly temperate regions of the world, in respect of mildness and constancy of temperature.^ Cool temperate, humid regions - - Dry regions .
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The Coast Miwok (Olamentke), including the Lake Miwok, lived on the California coast north of San Francisco and inland to Clear Lake.

^ In North America ) boreal forest ( in boreal forest (northern forest) ) Boreal kingdom ( in biogeographic region: Boreal kingdom ) game animals ( in hunting (human predation): North America.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

.The drying winds cover all California in summer, but they migrate southward in the winter, giving place to the stormy westerlies.^ Hot/cold, wet and dry : Winters are slightly cooler and wetter, but the islands all have their own micro-climates.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ They are right at home with the mountains, waterfalls, crisp mornings, snowy winters and the luscious green of Vermont summers.
  • Horseback Riding Vacations North America Horse Riding Holidays Equestrian Tours 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.hiddentrails.com [Source type: General]

.Thus California has a subtropical climate of wet winters and dry summers; while north in British Columbia and Alaska there is plentiful rainfall all the year round, and farther south there is persistent aridity.^ British Columbia and the Cascade Range, the Coast Ranges, and the Sierra Nevada of the U.S. Interspersed are some low-lying areas, notably the fertile Central Valley of California.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Great White North is an outdoors paradise both in the winter and the summer and rivals the like of New Zealand, South Africa and Brazil for spectacular natural beauty.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ Hot/cold, wet and dry : Winters are slightly cooler and wetter, but the islands all have their own micro-climates.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

.The fauna of North America (Nearctic) is more closely related to that of Europe-Asia (Palaearctic) than to that of any other zoogeographical province; the two being united by many Fauna. writers in one faunal province (Holarctic).^ In general, the fauna of North America is similar to that of the N areas of Europe and Asia.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any others is more than welcomed.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ According to a widely accepted theory, almost all of North America is situated on the North American plate, an enormous platform considered one of about a dozen major units constituting the structural mosaic of the earth's crust.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The reindeer (caribou), beaver and polar bear are common to both provinces.^ The book has pages on the moose, cougar, loon, Canada goose, muskrat, Arctic Fox, Arctic hare, caribou, polar bear, and beaver.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The moose, wapiti, bison and grizzly bear of North America are closely related to the elk, red deer or stag, aurochs and brown bear of Eurasia; and the following groups are well represented in both provinces: cats, lynxes, weasels, bears, wolves, foxes, seals, hares, squirrels, marmots, lemming, sheep and deer.^ Bighorn Sheep The bighorn sheep is a wild brown sheep from mountains and deserts of North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lynx A powerful wild cat from Eurasia and North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For more information on making international calls to or from specific locations in North America, please follow to the Help topic and visit Country Codes guide.
  • Call to North America, prepaid cheap phone cards for North America calls | Phones-Cards.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC north-america.phones-cards.com [Source type: News]

.On the other hand the following forms are characteristic of North America: (rodents) pouched rats or gophers, musk rat, prairie dog, Canadian porcupine; (carnivora) raccoon and skunk; (ungulates) musk ox, bighorn, Rocky Mountains goat, pronghorn; (marsupial) opossum.^ The only marsupial from North America is the Virginia opossum.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kangaroo Rat A small rodent from North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bighorn Sheep The bighorn sheep is a wild brown sheep from mountains and deserts of North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Among birds there is a close resemblance to those of Eurasia, with some admixture of South American forms, as in the humming birds. The forms especially characteristic of the northern continent are the Baltimore oriole, bobolink, cowbird, flycatchers, wood-warblers, Californian quail, tree grouse, sage grouse, wild turkey and turkey buzzard. .The house sparrow of Europe has been introduced, and has become very common, especially in the cities, where it is known as the English sparrow.^ Pyralis Firefly The Pyralis firefly (also known as the lightning bug) is a luminescent flying insect, and very common in North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Reptilian and amphibian groups are well represented; turtles are especially numerous; salamanders are varied and large; rattlesnakes are among the more peculiar forms. Among fish, the characteristic forms are the cyprinoids (carp), sturgeon, salmon, pike and especially the suckers, sunfish, mudfish (Amia) and gar pike (Lepidosteus). The most characteristic group of invertebrates is the Unionidae or river mussels.
.The floral areas of North America, limited by the geographic divisions of the continent, may be divided into five belts: the eastern forested area, the western forested area, the Flora. interior unforested area, the northern barren lands and the Gulf coast.^ North America can be divided into five major physiographic regions.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Physical features of western North America.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Travel North America for various vacation opportunities, from Pacific to Atlantic Ocean, via the Gulf of Mexico.
  • North America & Caribbean Hotels - Travel Guide, Maps, Reviews - AsiaRooms.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The eastern forested area extends from the Laurentian highland in Canada to the Great Lakes, and southward east of the Mississippi to the Gulf coast.^ The Laurentian mixed forest - - - The Eastern Upland forest .
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ A great many short, but often voluminous, rivers flow to the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico along the well-watered E coasts of Canada, the U.S., and Mexico.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The five Great Lakes (Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, Ontario) drain NE to the Atlantic Ocean via the relatively short St. Lawrence R. Most of the central part of the U.S. and a small part of S Canada are drained S to the Gulf of Mexico by the Mississippi R. and its tributaries, notably the Missouri R., the longest river in North America.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the north and along the mountains southward, the forests are largely coniferous, with a mixture of birches, poplars and maples.^ In the W portion of the continent, forests are primarily associated with mountain ranges, and coniferous trees are dominant.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Southward, especially in the interior and at low altitudes, the conifers largely disappear, and oaks, hickories, plane-trees, tulip-trees, walnuts and other valuable deciduous species abound. .The western forested area begins in the eastern Rocky Mountains and extends to the Pacific.^ The Rocky Mountains constitute the eastern Cordillera.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Along the Pacific coast are a number of lofty mountain systems, extending from the Alaska Range to the Sierra Madre Occidental and Sierra Madre del Sur of Mexico.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These mountains extend the length of the continent and occupy about one-third of the total land area.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

Eastward in the mountains the forests are interspersed with arid districts which increase in area southward. .Northward, in Canada, the mountains of the middle Cordilleras are densely wooded with continuous forest up to the timber line.^ Toronto, ON, Canada: Opsun Panels to Set Up 50MW Production Line.
  • North American Solar Energy News Summary 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.solarbuzz.com [Source type: News]

.Near the middle Pacific coast the forests attain a luxuriant development, the redwood (Sequoia) of California and Oregon sometimes reaching a height of from 300 to 400 ft.^ In California, the redwood and giant sequoia grow to enormous size.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Tolowa are an American Indian group numbering about two hundred whose ancestors in the early nineteenth century numbered about twenty-four hundred and were located in the Pacific coast region from the Oregon boundary of California south to Wilson Creek.

^ Besides the waters near Greenland, major fishing grounds are off the N Pacific coast, off the N Atlantic coast, and off the S Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The unforested area of the interior consists of two very dissimilar portions. .The vast fertile prairies extend from the Great Lakes westward to the Great Plains, and southward west of the Mississippi, with occasional eastward lobes at low altitudes.^ Inland waterways, particularly the St. Lawrence Seaway-Great Lakes system and the Mississippi-Missouri river system, are important freight-transportation routes.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two prominent drainage systems—the Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence R. system and the Mississippi-Missouri river system—dominate the hydrography of E and central North America.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mid-West and the Great Plains : Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin, Missouri, Minnesota, Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma .
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

.On these plains 'grasses and other herbaceous vegetation abound, and throughout this fertile belt agriculture is largely followed, the grain and hay (crops being especially important.^ The central plains and prairies of the U.S. and S Canada were originally grass covered, but much of the natural flora has been replaced by commercial crops.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Subsistence farming is still important throughout Mexico, especially in the S; commercial agriculture is well developed in many areas, however, particularly in the central plateau and in the northern regions of the country.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps the world's finest large farming area is the Corn Belt, that part of the U.S. Middle West from W Ohio to E Nebraska, which is the world's largest producer of corn, as well as a major supplier of other grains, soybeans, cattle, and hogs.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Northward in Canada the plains become wooded, the western mountains and the eastern highlands being thus connected by a narrow strip of forest. .South-westward and westward the fertile prairie gives way to a vast arid region beginning on the Great Plains and extending as far as south-eastern California, and thence southward into Mexico.^ A second region consists of a coastal plain in most of the eastern U.S. and Mexico.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ European settlement of Canada began with the French penetration of the St. Laurence Seaway into the region of the Great Lakes, beginning from 1534 and continuing into the 17th century.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Ponca are a Plains-Prairie Indian group who were located aboriginally in present-day southern South Dakota and northern Nebraska.

On this broad desert few trees are found, although pinons grow on the cliffs and ledges, and cottonwoods occur along the watercourses; but the various ranges that surmount the desert frequently carry forests. The desert vegetation as a whole consists of cacti, agaves, sage-brush (Artemisia) and other plants adapted to arid conditions. .North of the eastern forested area and east of the northern Cordilleras are the "barren lands," with frozen subsoil, extending to the Arctic coast.^ ANTIGUA An island in the eastern Caribbean, north of Guadeloupe and east of St. Kitts.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ North Forest ISD East Houston Intermediate School .

^ To the North and East lies the Mount Zirkel Wilderness area.
  • Horseback Riding Vacations North America Horse Riding Holidays Equestrian Tours 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.hiddentrails.com [Source type: General]

.The growing season here is short and the climate forbidding, so that trees cannot develop, although birches, poplars, willows and other genera, which southward attain large size, are present as dwarf shrubs.^ Getting around : México has a highly developed bus system with many different options and of course considering its size a large network of internal flights.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

.The vegetation of this northern barren district, like that of bleak mountain summits southward, is very similar in character to that of other extreme boreal regions.^ The U.S. ranks second among world natural-gas producers and is also a leader in mining coal, produced particularly in Wyoming and other Rocky Mountain states and in the Appalachian region.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Blueberries, crowberries and some other small fruits are abundant, but the brief summer will not mature most crops of the temperate zone. The Gulf coast, on the other hand, supports a vegetation decidedly tropical in, its nature. .Somewhat developed in Florida and the other southern states, this flora becomes the prevailing one on the coast of Mexico and Central America, especially from the region of Vera Cruz southward, where the forests are largely composed of palms and live oaks, and where giant bamboos often attain a height of 40 ft.^ It lives in rainforests of Central and South America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ AZCAPOTZALCO City-state in central Mexico.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Other developments marked the history of North America in the 19th and 20th centuries.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In these tropical forests many orchids and other showy plants of northern conservatories are native.
.North America, with an area of about 8,000,000 sq.^ In general, the fauna of North America is similar to that of the N areas of Europe and Asia.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because in North America we are in the process of defining our growing areas, there are two classes of appellations.

^ The area of the continent is approximately 24.3 million sq km (about 9.4 million sq mi).
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

m. .(16% of all the lands, or 4.12% of the whole earth's surface), and a mean altitude of about 2000 ft., at present plays a part in human history that is of greater importance than is warranted by its size alone, although it has not in this respect the extraordinary importance of Europe.^ At the tender age of 12, Ysabel seems to have a greater understanding of this hobby and a bigger heart than some people who are far older than she is.
  • ACG North America - Anime, Comic, Gaming 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC acgnorthamerica.com [Source type: General]

.The continent has the good fortune to lie chiefly in a temperate rather Economic Develop= than a torrid zone, and in temperate latitudes to be ment of much nearer to Europe than to Asia.^ Lets take the Yucatan for example, Cancn is nearer to Miami than México City and has many daily direct charter flights from Europe.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ Taking into consideration how developed the bus system is most will favour this rather than taking internal flights.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

Whatever may the con= have been the first home of the aboriginal inhabitants, tinent. the dominating people of to-day are derived from the leading countries of the Old World. .Not only so; temperate North America has become the most progressive part of the continent because of receiving its new population chiefly from the most advanced nations of middle western Europe - Great Britain, France and Germany; while the torrid islands and the narrowing southern mainland of North America have been settled chiefly from the less energetic peoples of southern Europe; and the inhospitable northern lands are hardly entered at all by newcomers, except in the recently discovered goldfields of the far north-west.^ It only gets extreme in the far north.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ France claimed most of the northern part of the continent on the basis of these explorations.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North America was sparsely populated until relatively recent times.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

From the plantation of colonies on the eastern coast, the movement inland has been governed to a remarkable degree by physiographic factors, such as form, climate and products. .The cities of the Atlantic harbours and of the adjacent lowlands still take a leading part in industry and commerce, because of their longer establishment and of their relation to Europe.^ ATS Automation Tooling Systems Inc has established a new operating subsidiary, Photowatt Ontario Inc, as part of its plan to lead the Ontario solar energy market.
  • North American Solar Energy News Summary 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.solarbuzz.com [Source type: News]

^ As Europe Fiddles, U.S. May Take Lead on Climate Change .
  • Yale Environment 360: Region 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC e360.yale.edu [Source type: News]

.The uplands, ridges and mountains of the Appalachian system - the "Backwoods" of a century ago - remain rather thinly occupied except at certain centres where coal or other earth-product attracts an industrial population.^ It has been more than 30 years since a groundbreaking book predicted that if growth continued unchecked, the Earth’s ecological systems would be overwhelmed within a century.
  • Yale Environment 360: Region 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC e360.yale.edu [Source type: News]

^ The U.S. ranks second among world natural-gas producers and is also a leader in mining coal, produced particularly in Wyoming and other Rocky Mountain states and in the Appalachian region.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Except in scattered areas, particularly in the southern Appalachians, the Indians living east of the Mississippi River had been eliminated as an effective force by the final decade of the 18th century.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Beyond the Appalachians the middle interior contains a very large proportion of habitable land. .It was long ago recognized as a land of great promise, and it is to-day a land of great performance, covered with a network of railways, yielding an enormous product of grain, and developing industries of all kinds.^ Driving horses 20 miles a day through all kinds of terrain is an adventure!
  • Horseback Riding Vacations North America Horse Riding Holidays Equestrian Tours 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.hiddentrails.com [Source type: General]

^ The dry lands of the western U.S. and N Mexico are sparsely covered with a variety of shrubs and many kinds of cactus.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Indeed, within and closely around an area marked by the St Lawrence system on the north, the Ohio on the south, and stretching from the Atlantic coast between the Gulf of St Lawrence and Chesapeake Bay inland to the middle prairies, there is a remarkable concentration of the population, industry, progress, wealth and power of North America - the focus of attention from all other parts of the continent.^ Among the continent’s democratically governed states are Canada, Mexico, Costa Rica, and the U.S. The nations of North America have sought hemispheric unity as members of the Organization of American States , which also includes South American countries.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Travel North America for various vacation opportunities, from Pacific to Atlantic Ocean, via the Gulf of Mexico.
  • North America & Caribbean Hotels - Travel Guide, Maps, Reviews - AsiaRooms.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spotted Owl A nocturnal hunter from the Pacific coast of North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The regions of the far north and north-east, including the greater part of the Laurentian highland and the extreme northern stretch of the medial plains and the western highlands, remain and will long remain thinly populated.^ It only gets extreme in the far north.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ In North America ) boreal forest ( in boreal forest (northern forest) ) Boreal kingdom ( in biogeographic region: Boreal kingdom ) game animals ( in hunting (human predation): North America.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ North America , Central America , the West Indies or Caribbean region, and South America make up the earth's western hemisphere.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The furs of wild animals are their characteristic product. .Timber is taken from their more accessible forests; but only in mining districts does the population notably increase, as in the iron region around Lake Superior and in the Klondike gold region.^ The rugged topography and open forests of the region have made horses the preferred way to get around for centuries, first by the native Plains Indians and more recently by horseback explorers.
  • Horseback Riding Vacations North America Horse Riding Holidays Equestrian Tours 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.hiddentrails.com [Source type: General]

^ The population of Mexico showed an estimated 2.4% rate of natural increase in 2003, and Mexico's birth rate (about 29 per 1000 persons in 2003) was more than double that of Canada.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iron ore has long been a major product of both the U.S. and Canada, primarily from deposits around the W end of Lake Superior.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the south-eastern United States lies a belt of coastal lowlands skirting the Appalachians, still affected by negro slavery and its consequences.^ Increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere are apparently causing forests in the eastern United States to grow faster , a new study says.
  • Yale Environment 360: Region 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC e360.yale.edu [Source type: News]

^ Since 1987, Parker has studied 55 stands of trees that are representative of other forests in the eastern United States.
  • Yale Environment 360: Region 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC e360.yale.edu [Source type: News]

^ GUADELOUPE An island in the eastern Caribbean, lying between Antigua and Montserrat to the north, and Dominica to the south.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

.The descendants of the early French settlers of Canada stand in political rights as well as in loyalty to the Government on an equal footing with the British citizens of the Dominion.^ The British gained control of all of French Canada in 1763.
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the late 19th and early 20th centuries Canada also succeeded in obtaining from Great Britain a full degree of self-government.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Italians of the cities, the Hungarians of the mines, the Scandinavians of the northern prairies, the Irish and Germans everywhere are "Americanized" in the second or third generation, rapidly entering local and national politics, and hardly less rapidly attaining an honourable social standing as tested by intermarriage with English and other stocks. But the negro is set aside, even though he has adopted the language and the religion of his former masters: political and social rights are denied him, and intermarriage with whites is practically excluded, although illegitimate mulattos are numerous. .Thus has slavery left upon a people, amongst whom political rights and social opportunities should be equal for all, the heavy burden that always retards progress where strongly contrasted races are brought together.^ All should have equal access to the global commons through community control and local sovereignty over energy, forests, land and water.

Farther south still are the tropical islands and the narrowing mainland, rich in possible productiveness, but slowly developed because of a prevailing diversity and instability of government and lack of progressive spirit among the people. .Here also there is a considerable proportion of negroes, but they live under less unhappy conditions than those now obtaining in the United States.^ Additionally, there are 6 pages for the United States .
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ UNITED STATES of AMERICA For an archive of the United States, go here .
  • North America 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC my.raex.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Violent crime is rare, and there are less guns around than in the rest of the US. Smile and live aloha and youll be fine.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

.In Mexico and Central America, the proportionate number of aborigines is much greater than farther north.^ Travel North America for various vacation opportunities, from Pacific to Atlantic Ocean, via the Gulf of Mexico.
  • North America & Caribbean Hotels - Travel Guide, Maps, Reviews - AsiaRooms.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meadowlark, Western A brightly-colored songbird from western and central North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North America , Central America , the West Indies or Caribbean region, and South America make up the earth's western hemisphere.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.West of the Mississippi in middle latitudes the population rapidly decreases in density, and over a large extent of the semiarid plains it must long remain sparse.^ Between 1836 and 1841 a large segment of the tribe moved west of the Mississippi to Iowa, Kansas, or ultimately Oklahoma.

^ The continent long remained sparsely settled and undeveloped.
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Away from the metropolitan areas, most of North America had only a sparse to moderate population density.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The settlements bordering the plains on the east for a long time marked the "Frontier" of civilization, for the vast stretch of dry country was a serious barrier to farther advance. .But the plains are now crossed by many railways leading to the Cordilleran region - the "Far West" - in large part too rugged or too arid for occupation, but rich in minerals from one end to the other, the seat of many mining camps of unstable population, and containing numerous permanent settlements in the intermontane basins.^ The contemporary population of North America is mostly European in background, but the continent's population also contains various other important elements.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The U.S. ranks second among world natural-gas producers and is also a leader in mining coal, produced particularly in Wyoming and other Rocky Mountain states and in the Appalachian region.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Large carnivores include the puma and, in southernmost regions, the jaguar; the wolf and its smaller relative, the coyote; and, in the far N, the polar bear.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Great irrigation enterprises, conducted under the National Reclamation Service of the United States, are employing all available water supplies for agriculture; but large areas must remain permanently desert.^ You may select your destination directly on the map (United States, Canada, Mexico, Jamaica and polar region text labels) to see all hotels of the selected area.
  • North America & Caribbean Hotels - Travel Guide, Maps, Reviews - AsiaRooms.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.asiarooms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The North American Cordillera ) Alaskan mountains ( in Alaskan mountains (mountains, United States) ; in Wrangell–Saint Elias National Park and Preserve (park, Alaska, United States) ) religion .
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Lake Mead, located on the Colorado R. in the U.S., is a large artificial lake, and Great Salt Lake, in Utah, is noted for its highly saline water.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On nearing the farther ocean the climatic conditions improve, and the population is rapidly increasing in number and wealth; this district not being content to take its name with respect to the east, not considering itself as included in the "Far West," but choosing the distinctive designation of the "Pacific Slope," and, while maintaining an active intercourse all across the breadth of the continent, already opening relations with the distant Orient by a new approach.^ But now some U.S. states — led by New Jersey, of all places — are pioneering a different approach: issuing tradable credits that can be sold on the open market.
  • Yale Environment 360: Region 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC e360.yale.edu [Source type: News]

^ The Mono, including the Eastern Mono (Owens Valley Paiute) and the Western Mono (Monache) lived in eastern California near the Nevada border, in Owens Valley, and the country to the west, near Bishop, California.

^ A fourth climatic region is made up of a narrow zone along the Pacific Ocean from S Alaska to S California.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among the earliest results of the latter movement was the arrival of Chinese labourers, a humble, industrious and orderly class of men, but one which stands apart in language, religion and race from the dominant population, lives largely without domestic ties, and gains neither political nor social standing in the New World.^ Social movements, environmental groups, and scientists from all over the world are calling for urgent and radical action on climate change.

.Two centuries ago the aboriginal population of North America would have deserved description before the immigrant population.^ Other developments marked the history of North America in the 19th and 20th centuries.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North and Central America and the Caribbean ) population and demography ( in North America: The North American Indian heritage ) agricultural development .
  • North America -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ England and Spain had been generally allied in international politics during the early part of the 16th century, and as a result the English did not then attempt to compete with Spain in North America.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

To-day the aborigines are displaced from nearly all the valuable parts of the continent. .Never very numerous, they are now decreasing; many tribes are already extinct, many more are almost so.^ Found many cheap places that were very dirty and noisy so took a more expensive option.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ They were a confederacy of Algonkian-speaking groups; most, such as the Wamesit, Agawam, Nashua, and Winnepesaukee, are now extinct.

.Those which remain less diminished are in the Far North or NorthWest where nature is rigorous; or in the tropical forests of Central America where nature is over bounteous; or in the more desert parts of the Middle West where nature is arid.^ Meadowlark, Western A brightly-colored songbird from western and central North America.
  • North American Animals Coloring/Info Pages - EnchantedLearning.com 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.enchantedlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North America , Central America , the West Indies or Caribbean region, and South America make up the earth's western hemisphere.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More adventurous travellers should head north to watch the finest Aurora Borealis or to Athabasca for sand dunning (yes there is a desert in Canada).
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

The replacement of the native races by the foreign has too often been harsh, cruel and unjust; yet it has resulted in an advance of civilization. .Many savage tribes, speaking many different languages, holding little intercourse with each other, and frequently engaged in intertribal wars, have given place in little more than two centuries to a great population of European origin, whose dominant parts speak one language, whose arts are highly advanced, whose home intercourse is most active, and whose foreign commerce had attained unexpected proportions at the opening of the 10th century.^ Any others is more than welcomed.
  • North America - Backpacking travel advice > USA, Canada & Mexico 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC travelindependent.info [Source type: News]

^ English is the only language spoken at home by more than 80% of the people of the U.S. and by about three-fifths of all Canadians.
  • NORTH AMERICA, 6 February 2010 13:44 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They speak an Interior Salish language and today number about twenty-one hundred.

(W. M. D.)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Proper noun

Singular
North America
Plural
-
  1. The continent that is the northern part of the Americas; that part east of the Pacific Ocean, west of the Atlantic Ocean, north of South America and south of the Arctic Ocean, and consisting of the following countries:
Mainland
Northern Atlantic

Translations

See also


Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!

A continent on Earth containing the countries of Canada, the United States of America, Mexico, and others in the immediate region.

When a game is set to ship in North America, it usually refers to simultaneous release in these countries. (Except Mexico where most games don't get released).

Stub
This article is a stub. You can help by adding to it.

Stubs are articles that writers have begun work on, but are not yet complete enough to be considered finished articles.


This article uses material from the "North America" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Wikipedia has a page called:
North America is the northern portion of the continental system named after one of its European "discoverers", Amerigo Vespucci.

It is here taken to include the whole mainland from Panama northwards, nearby islands belonging to mainland countries or other countries, the Danish territory Greenland, the Caribbean, and the Bahamas. The largest countries or territories at present are Canada, Greenland, Mexico, and the United States (excluding Hawaii and various territories but considered to be within North America for categorization purposes). This wiki treats events such as births and deaths as happening in the modern countries, states, parishes, etc, even though they were often not even contemplated at the times of the events. Occasionally an old name is used in addition or alternatively if boundaries changed, because readers of the records might not know the modern name.

Facts about North AmericaRDF feed

This article uses material from the "North America" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 03, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on North America, which are similar to those in the above article.








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