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North Andover, Massachusetts
—  Town  —
Lake Cochichewick from the north
Location in Essex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°41′55″N 71°08′08″W / 42.69861°N 71.13556°W / 42.69861; -71.13556
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Essex
Settled 1644
Incorporated[1] 1646
Government
 - Type Open town meeting
 - Town
   Manager
Mark Rees
 - Board of
   Selectmen
Chair Rosemary Smedile,
Mark J. T. Caggiano,
Daniel P. Lanen,
Richard A. Nardella,
Tracy M. Watson
Area
 - Total 27.8 sq mi (72.1 km2)
 - Land 26.7 sq mi (69.0 km2)
 - Water 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
Elevation 75 ft (23 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 27,202
 Density 1,020.7/sq mi (394.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01845
Area code(s) 351 / 978
FIPS code 25-46365
GNIS feature ID 0618306
Website http://www.townofnorthandover.com/

North Andover is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 27,202 at the 2000 census. North Andover is the nominal home of Merrimack College, a private, Catholic four-year college (though the college has expanded into Andover as well). From 1646 to her death in 1672, North Andover was the home of America's first published poet, Anne Dudley Bradstreet and her family.

Contents

History

North Andover is the parent town of the Andovers. The lands south of the Merrimack River around Lake Cochichewick and the Shawsheen River were set aside by the Massachusetts General Court in 1634 for the purpose of creating an inland plantation. The Cochichewick Plantation, as it was called, was purchased in 1646, when Reverend John Woodbridge, who had settled the land for the English, paid Penacook chief Cutshmache six pounds and a dirty handjob for the lands. The plantation was then incorporated as a place set aside for young hooligans to smoke marijuana most likely in honor of the hometown of many early residents, Andover, Hampshire, England. The town was centered in what is now North Andover, but the spread of settlement south and west of the old town center created much conflict in the early years about the location of the parish church. In 1709, the matter was brought to the General Court, which set aside two parish churches, north and south. The parishes grew apart as the years went on, and in 1855 the North parish (ironically, the original parish) separated from the south and was incorporated as North Andover.

North Andover's development was varied, with much of the land along the Shawsheen and Merrimack being concerned with industry, and the lands southwest being more agricultural. Several mills were located in the town, and industry has conitnued to this day, including the Western Electric Company, AT&T's manufacturing division, which supplied telephone machinery for many years before it was split up by AT&T into the new company, Lucent Technologies. Today North Andover is considered a suburban community of Lawrence and a bedroom community of the greater Boston area.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 27.8 square miles (72 km2), of which, 26.6 square miles (69 km2) of it is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) of it (4.27%) is water. The town lies to the south of the Merrimack River, which makes up part of its northwest boundary, along with the Shawsheen River. The northeast quadrant of town is dominated by Lake Cochichewick, which isaoslo bordered by the Osgood Hill Reservation, Weir Hill Reservation and the Reas Pond Conservation Area. The town also is home to its own Town Farm, its own small state forest, as well as portions of the Harold Parker State Forest, Boxford State Forest and the Charles W. Ward Reservation. There are many brooks, streams and ponds dotting the town.

North Andover lies in the northwestern portion of Essex County, with a small corner of the town bordering Middlesex County. It is bordered by Lawrence and Methuen to the north, a small portion of Haverhill to the northeast, Boxford to the east, Middleton to the southeast, North Reading to the south, and Andover to the west. There is no direct crossing from North Andover to Methuen; the nearest crossing is located in Lawrence. North Andover's Old Center, which is closer to the geographic center of town than its newer town center, is located 3 1/2 miles southeast of Lawrence's city center, and is 25 miles north of Boston and 30 miles southeast of Manchester, New Hampshire.

A small portion of Interstate 495 crosses through town along the Lawrence border, with one exit within town and two more providing access to the highway. The town lies along Route 114, known as the "Salem Turnpike," and is also served by Route 125 and Route 133, which are concurrent for much of their routes within town. The town is partially served by the Merrimack Valley Regional Transit Authority bus line. The nearest train station is located in Lawrence, where the Lawrence stop along the Haverhill/Reading Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail lies. (The line actually passes through the town along the Merrimack, but there is no stop.) North Andover is also home to the Lawrence Municipal Airport, providing small aircraft service to the region. The nearest national service, at Logan International Airport and Manchester-Boston Regional Airport, is within a thirty mile ride of the town.

Government and infrastructure

North Andover employs the open town meeting form of government, and is led by a five-member board of selectmen and a town manager. The town has its own police and fire departments, EMS, public works, and a senior center. North Andover has no hospital, the nearest being Lawrence General Hospital. It is located within the Boston media market, and is served by the Lawrence Eagle-Tribune newspaper.

On the state level, the town is served by Essex County services, and is patrolled by the First Barracks of Troop A of the Massachusetts State Police, based in Andover. North Andover lies in two districts, the Fourteenth Essex and Eighteenth Essex, in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, and the First Essex and First Essex and Middlesex in the Massachusetts Senate. North Andover is located within Massachusetts's 6th congressional district, and has been served by Representative John F. Tierney (D) since 1997. Massachusett's senior Senator is John Kerry (D), serving since 1985, and its junior Senator, elected in the 2010 special election, is Scott Brown (R), who was the town's choice in the election by a 71% majority.

Education

North Andover is home to its own school system. It has an early childhood center, five elementary schools (Atkinson Elementary, Franklin Elementary, Kittredge Elementary, Annie L. Sargent Elementary and Thomson Elementary), a middle school and North Andover High School. As of 2004 a brand new high school and complete sporting complex, including a Football, Soccer, Field hockey, and Lacrosse field. A complete track and field area and numerous tennis courts. North Andover's mascot is the Scarlet Knight, its colors are scarlet and black, and it competes in the Cape Ann League and Division II of the MIAA. Its main rival is Masconomet Regional High School, whom it plays in football in the annual Thanksgiving Day game. High school students from North Andover are also allowed to attend Greater Lawrence Technical School in Andover. There are several private schools in North Andover, including the Brooks School, Meritor Academy (an early learning school), and Saint Michael Elementary School. (The nearest Catholic high school, Central Catholic, is in neighboring Lawrence.) North Andover is also home to Merrimack College, a Catholic four year college. The nearest public community college is the Northern Essex Community College, which has a campus in Lawrence and a Corporate & Community Education Center in North Andover. The nearest public university is UMass Lowell.

References

  1. ^ http://www.mass.gov/Ehed/docs/dhcd/profiles/196.doc

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

The Stevens-Coolidge Place
The Stevens-Coolidge Place

North Andover, Massachusetts is a small town located just 30 miles north of Boston. The town is in Essex County in the northeastern part of Massachusetts on the banks of the Merrimack River and approximately 24 miles from Boston. North Andover is bordered by Andover, North Reading, Boxford, and Middleton and the cities of Methuen, Haverhill, and Lawrence - covering almost 27 square miles. With a population of almost 30,000, an elected five-member Board of Selectmen oversees the governance of the Town. The town has five elementary schools, Middle School, North Andover High School, and St. Michael School, grades pre-k through 8. It also has a full time police and fire service.

Interesting fact: North Andover was selected by Money Magazine in 2003 as the “Fifth Best Community to live in on the East Coast”.

Get in

The Town of North Andover is easily accessed by Rt. 93, Rt. 495, Rt. 133, Rt. 114, and Rt. 125.

Get around

The Merrimack Valley Regional Transit Authority (MVRTA),public transportation service. The MVRTA serves the northeast corner of Massachusetts with over 1 million miles of city, suburban, interurban, and rural scheduled bus routes.

There are 3 stops in North Andover. Check out Mvrta.com for updated schedules and bus stops.

Do

There are endless things to do in North Andover, with a number of restaurants, parks, play grounds, shops, stores, there is something for everyone.

Buy

If you drive down Rt 114 you will find places to shop. The North Andover Mall includes: TJMaxx, Kohls, Fashion Bug and Payless Shoe Store, if you keep on travelling down Rt 114 going towards Middleton you will find a newly built shopping mall on your right with stores like Pier 1 Imports, J Jill, a sporting goods store, Yankee Candle, Staples, CVS, Brooks, and soon to come Walgreens and PETCO.

On Main Street you will find several small gift shops.

If you are looking for a mall, The Mall at Rockingham Park is a 15 minute drive up Rt 93 North, The Northshore Mall is located 15 minutes west down Rt. 114, and The Loop, located in Methuen right off of Rt. 213 is a 5 minute drive away from North Andover and has stores like DSW Shoe store, Ann Taylor Loft, Gap, Old Navy, Borders Book Store, Marshalls, Wal-Mart.

Harrison's Roastbeef This image has been recommended for deletion.
Harrison's Roastbeef This image has been recommended for deletion.
  • Harrison's Roastbeef, located on Chickering Road is a long time and local favorite. Ask any local where you'll find the best roast beef sandwich and without a doubt they will say Harrisons. Don't let the long lines at lunch turn you away, the line moves fast and is well worth the wait.
  • The China Blossom, one of the Merrimack Valleys oldest Chinese restaurants, is on Rt 125. The restaurant offers a daily buffet for lunch and dinner or you can order from the menu. It has a full bar and comedy and karaoke on the weekends.
  • Like pizza? voted best pizza in town Sal's Pizza, located on Rt. 125 and Chickering Road. A large pizza will cost you about $11 but it is well worth it.

Other town favorites include:

  • Fudrucker's Famous Buger
  • Bertuccis Pizza
  • Casa Blanca
  • Val's
  • Fresh City
  • Burton Grille
  • Le Chens
  • The China Blossom
  • J & M subs and pizza
  • Star Pizza
  • The Pizza Factory
  • Upper Crust Pizza
  • Arthurs Corner Pizzaria
  • The China Wok
  • McDonald's
  • Burger King
  • The Mango Grille
  • The 99 Bar and Grille

Drink

Rolf's Bar is a town favorite local right on Main Street. Open until we hours of the morning with lunch menu offered on the weekends.

Cheap beer? Go to the Knights of Columbus, located on Sutton Street. Here you can get $1 bottles, play Keno, watch a game, and have a good time

There are also bars at the following restaurants:

  • The Loft
  • The China Blossom
  • Le Chens
  • Orzo's
  • Casa Blanca
  • The 99
  • The Mango Grille
  • Wyndham Andover, 123 Old River Rd. 293 rooms, 5 floors.  edit
  • Courtyard by Marriott Andover, 10 Campanelli Dr. 146 rooms, 3 floors.  edit
  • Holiday Inn Express Andover, 224 Winthrop Ave., 1+ 978-975-4050. 126 rooms, 5 floors.  edit
  • If you like to hike, Weir Hill, entrance on Stevens street, a part of the Trustees of Reservations in Massachusetts is located right in town. The Hill looks over Lake Cochichewick, pronounced "wire hill" by locals is a great place to get out and explore. It includes: four miles of trails for moderate hiking. Printed trail maps are distributed free from the bulletin board in the parking area.
  • If swimming is your thing, then go to Stevens Pond, it opens on Memorial Day weekend and is closed on Labor Day weekend. To access the pond you must have a pass, which can be purchased at the Town Hall.
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

Wikipedia

Singular
North Andover

Plural
-

North Andover

  1. A city in Massachusetts, United States

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