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North Carolina's 12th congressional district: Wikis


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North Carolina's 12th congressional district
District map as of 2006
District map as of 2006
Current Representative Mel Watt (D)
Area 827 mi²
Distribution 88.5% urban, 11.5% rural
Population (2000) 619,178
Median income $35,775
Ethnicity 47.2% White, 44.6% Black, 2.1% Asian, 7.1% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.1% other
Occupation 32.1% blue collar, 51.9% white collar, 16.0% gray collar
Cook PVI D + 16

North Carolina's 12th congressional district is located in central North Carolina and comprises portions of Charlotte, Winston-Salem, Greensboro, Lexington, Salisbury, and High Point.

Before its current creation, North Carolina had a twelfth seat in the House in the nineteenth century and in the mid-twentieth century (1943-1963).


Current district

The district was re-established after the 1990 United States Census, when North Carolina gained a district. It was drawn in 1992[1] as a 64 percent black majority district stretching from Gastonia to Durham. It was very long and so thin at some points that it was no wider than a highway lane, as it followed Interstate 85 almost exactly,[2][3] and was criticized as a gerrymandered district. The Wall Street Journal called the district "political pornography." The United States Supreme Court ruled in Shaw v. Reno, 509 U.S. 630 (1993) that a racial gerrymander may, in some circumstances, violate the Equal Protection Clause.[4] Subsequently, the district was redrawn several times and was adjudicated in the Supreme Court on two further occasions. [5] The current version has a small plurality of whites.

Its current representative is Democrat Melvin Watt, who has represented the district since 1993.

List of representatives

Name Took Office Left Office Party District Residence Notes
District created March 4, 1803
Joseph Winston March 4, 1803 March 3, 1807 Democratic-Republican
Meshack Franklin March 4, 1807 March 3, 1813 Democratic-Republican Redistricted to the 13th district
Israel Pickens March 4, 1813 March 3, 1817 Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 11th district
Felix Walker March 4, 1817 March 3, 1823 Democratic-Republican
Robert B. Vance March 4, 1823 March 3, 1825 Jacksonian D-R
Samuel P. Carson March 4, 1825 March 3, 1833 Jacksonian
James Graham March 4, 1833 March 3, 1837 Anti-Jacksonian Seat declared vacant March 29, 1836 - December 5, 1836
March 4, 1837 March 4, 1843 Whig
District inactive March 3, 1843
District re-established January 3, 1943
Zebulon Weaver January 3, 1943 January 3, 1947 Democratic Redistricted from the 11th district
Monroe M. Redden January 3, 1947 January 3, 1953 Democratic
George A. Shuford January 3, 1953 January 3, 1959 Democratic
David M. Hall January 3, 1959 January 29, 1960 Democratic Died
Roy A. Taylor June 25, 1960 January 3, 1963 Democratic Redistricted to the 11th district
District inactive January 3, 1963
District re-established January 3, 1993
Mel Watt January 3, 1993 Present Democratic


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