The Full Wiki

North Carolina Army National Guard: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Headquarters, State Area Command
North Carolina Army National Guard
HQSACNCARNG-SSI.gif
North Carolina STARC Shoulder Sleeve insignia
Active
Country United States
Allegiance North Carolina
Branch Army National Guard
Type ARNG Headquarters Command
Role EPW
Size 116
Part of North Carolina National Guard
Garrison/HQ Raleigh, North Carolina
Nickname Mountain Enforcers
Motto Ready When Called
Insignia
Seal of the Army National Guard NGARMY.PNG
Distinctive unit insignia HQSACNCARNG-DUI.gif

The North Carolina National Guard comprises both Army and Air National Guard components. The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal and state missions. In fact, the National Guard is the only United States military force empowered to function in a state status. Those functions range from limited actions during non-emergency situations to full scale law enforcement of martial law when local law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control. The National Guard may be called into federal service in response to a call by the President or Congress.

Contents

Introduction

The North Carolina Army National Guard is composed of approximately 10,250 soldiers, and maintains 95 facilities in 75 counties.

When National Guard troops are called to federal service, the President serves as Commander-in-Chief. The federal mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide properly trained and equipped units for prompt mobilization for war, National emergency or as otherwise needed."

The Governor may call individuals or units of the North Carolina National Guard into state service during emergencies or to assist in special situations which lend themselves to use of the National Guard. The state mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide trained and disciplined forces for domestic emergencies or as otherwise provided by state law."

The State Defense Militia is a military entity authorized by both the State Code of North Carolina and executive order. The State Defense Militia (NCSDM) is the state’s authorized militia and assumes the state mission of the North Carolina National Guard in the event the Guard is mobilized. The NCSDM comprises retired active and reserve military personnel and selected professional persons who volunteer their time and talents in further service to their state.

The North Carolina Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.

North Carolina Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The North Carolina Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of North Carolina.

Units and Formations

Duties

National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary DutY Assignments TDY), but only as part of their respective units. However, there has been a significant amount of individual activations to support military operations (2001-?); the legality of this policy is a major issue within the National Guard.

Advertisements

Active Duty Callups

For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, current Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six year enlistment period.

History

See History of the United States National Guard for a more complete history of the guard at a national level.

The North Carolina Army National Guard traces its origins to the colonial militia in 1636. The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various state militias into the present National Guard system.

The North Carolina Army National Guard is home to the 30th HBCT, the first National Guard maneuver brigade to deploy as a full brigade since World War II.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i - Guard Family Connection, Volume 4, No.1, p. 16
  2. ^ North Carolina Military Academy

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message