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North China Plain: Wikis


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The North China Plain(simplified Chinese: 华北平原traditional Chinese: 華北平原pinyin: Huáběi Píngyuán) Maliana is based on the deposits of the Yellow River and is the largest alluvial plain of eastern Asia. The plain is bordered on the north by the Yanshan Mountains and on the west by the Taihang Mountains. To the south, it merges into the Yangtze Plain. From northeast to southeast, it fronts the Bohai Gulf, the highlands of Shandong Peninsula, and the Yellow Sea. The Yellow River flows through the middle of the plain into Bohai Gulf.

The southern part of the plain is traditionally referred to as the Central Plain (Chinese: 中原pinyin: Zhōngyuán), which formed the cradle of Chinese civilization.

The plain covers an area of about 409,500 square kilometers (158,000 square miles), most of which is less than 50 metres (160 ft) above sea level. This flat yellow-soil plain is the main area of sorghum, millet, maize, and cotton production in China. Wheat, sesame seed, and peanuts are also grown here. The plain is one of the most densely populated regions in the world.

Beijing, the national capital, is located on the northeast edge of the plain, with Tianjin, an important industrial city and commercial port, near its northeast coast. Shengli Oilfield in Shandong is an important petroleum bases. It is also home to the Huang He (Yellow River).

The North China Plain is the area surrounding lower the Yellow River and its Tributaries, as well as the empty steppe to the North.

Historical significance

The geography of the North China Plain has had profound cultural and political implications. Unlike southern China, the plain is not divided by mountains or rivers and as a result communication by horse is rapid within the plain. As a result, the spoken language is relatively uniform in contrast to the plethora of languages and dialects in southern China. In addition the possibility of rapid communication has meant that the political center of China has tended to be located here.[citation needed]

Because the fertile soil of the North China Plain gradually merges with the steppes and deserts of Central Asia, with no natural barriers between the two regions, the plain has been prone to invasion from Central Asia and Manchuria, prompting the construction of the Great Wall of China.

Although the soil of the North China Plain is fertile, the weather is unpredictable, being at the intersection of humid winds from the Pacific and dry winds from the interior. This makes the plain prone to both flood and drought. Finally, the flatness of the plain creates massive flooding when river works are damaged. In the opinion of many historians, these factors have encouraged the development of a centralized Chinese state to manage granaries, maintain hydraulic works, and man fortifications against the steppe peoples. Its nickname is "Land of the yellow earth."

External links

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