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State of North Dakota
Flag of North Dakota State seal of North Dakota
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): Peace Garden State,
Roughrider State, Flickertail State, Norse Dakota, The 701
Motto(s): Liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable
before statehood, known as
the Dakota Territory
Map of the United States with North Dakota highlighted
Official language(s) English[1]
Demonym North Dakotan
Capital Bismarck
Largest city Fargo
Area  Ranked 19th in the US
 - Total 70,762 sq mi
(183,272 km2)
 - Width 210 miles (340 km)
 - Length 340 miles (545 km)
 - % water 2.4
 - Latitude 45° 56′ N to 49° 00′ N
 - Longitude 96° 33′ W to 104° 03′ W
Population  Ranked 48th in the US
 - Total 646,844 (2009 est.)[2]
642,200 (2000)
 - Density 9.3/sq mi  (3.58/km2)
Ranked 47th in the US
Elevation  
 - Highest point White Butte[3]
3,506 ft  (1,069 m)
 - Mean 1,903 ft  (580 m)
 - Lowest point Red River[3]
750 ft  (229 m)
Admission to Union  November 2, 1889 (39th)
Governor John Hoeven (R)
Lieutenant Governor Jack Dalrymple (R)
U.S. Senators Kent Conrad (D)
Byron Dorgan (D)
U.S. House delegation Earl Pomeroy (D) (list)
Time zones  
 - most of state Central: UTC-6/-5
 - southwest Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Abbreviations ND US-ND
Website http://www.nd.gov
North Dakota (Listeni /ˌnɔrθ dəˈktə/) is a State located in the Midwestern region of the United States of America, along the Canadian border, about halfway between the Pacific Ocean and the Great Lakes. North Dakota is the 19th largest state by area in the U.S. It is also the 3rd least populous, with only about 646,850 residents as of 2009.[4] North Dakota was carved out of the Dakota Territory and admitted to the Union on November 2, 1889, simultaneously with South Dakota.
The state capital is Bismarck and the largest city is Fargo. The primary public universities are located in Grand Forks and Fargo. The U.S. Air Force operates the Air Force Bases, Minot AFB and Grand Forks AFB in North Dakota.
North Dakota, with its small population, also has the lowest rate of unemployment in the United States with a rate of only 4.4% in December 2009.

Contents

Geography

Map of North Dakota
North Dakota is considered to be in the U.S. regions known as the Upper Midwest and the Great Plains, and is sometimes referred to as being the "High Plains". The state shares the Red River of the North with Minnesota on the east; South Dakota is to the south, Montana is to the west, and the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba are north. North Dakota sits essentially in the middle of North America, and in fact a stone marker in Rugby, North Dakota, identifies itself as being the "Geographic Center of the North American Continent". With 70,762 square miles (183,273 km2),[5] North Dakota is the 19th largest state.[6]
The western half of the state consists of the hilly Great Plains, and the northern part of the Badlands to the west of the Missouri River. The state's high point, White Butte at 3,506 feet (1,069 m), and Theodore Roosevelt National Park[7] are located in the Badlands. The region is abundant in fossil fuels including crude oil and lignite coal. The Missouri River forms Lake Sakakawea, the third largest man-made lake in the United States, behind the Garrison Dam.[8]
The central region of the state is divided into the Drift Prairie and the Missouri Plateau.
The eastern part of the state consists of the flat Red River Valley, the bottom of glacial Lake Agassiz. Its fertile soil, drained by the meandering Red River flowing northward into Lake Winnipeg, supports a large agriculture industry.[9] Devils Lake, the largest natural lake in the state, is also found in the east.[10]
Overall, North Dakota is a very flat state, however, there are some significant hills and buttes in the western half of the state. Most of the state was covered in grassland (and today, mostly with farmland); only 2% of North Dakota was historically forest.

Climate

North Dakota endures some of the most extreme temperature variations on the planet, characteristic of its continental climate, with cold winters and hot summers: the record low temperature is −60 °F (−51.1 °C) and the record high temperature is 121 °F (49 °C).[11]
Meteorological events include rain, snow, hail, blizzards, polar fronts, tornadoes, thunderstorms, and high-velocity straight-line winds.
Depending on location, average annual precipitation ranges from 14 in (35.6 cm) to 22 in (55.9 cm).[12]
Springtime flooding is a relatively common event in the Red River Valley, because of the river flowing north into Canada, creating ice jams. The spring melt and the eventual runoff typically begins earlier in the southern part of the valley than in the northern part.[13] The most destructive flooding in eastern North Dakota occurred in 1997.[14]
North Dakota is largely semiarid; however the low temperatures and snowpack prevents the state from having a xeric character.

History

.Prior to European contact, Native Americans inhabited North Dakota for thousands of years.^ Witness the natural features that define North Dakota's landscape and heritage and get a glimpse into the lives of Native Americans, Lewis and Clark, trappers, traders, homesteaders and ranchers who make up the fascinating history of the area.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ Contact KXNet.com Part of the KXNet.com North Dakota News Network Dickinson News - KXMA .
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Minot North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Bismarck Mandan North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]

^ Tuition at North Dakota State University was $3,981 for the 2004-2005 academic year for in-state, undergraduate students attending full-time.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

The first European to reach the area was the French-Canadian trader La Vérendrye, who led an exploration party to Mandan villages in 1738.[15] The trading arrangement between tribes was such that North Dakota tribes rarely dealt directly with Europeans. However, the native tribes were in sufficient contact that by the time that Lewis and Clark entered North Dakota in 1804, they were aware of the French and then Spanish claims to their territory.[16]
Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site
Much of present-day North Dakota was included in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. Much of acquired land was organized into Minnesota and Nebraska Territories. Dakota Territory, making up present-day North and South Dakota, along with parts of present-day Wyoming and Montana, was organized on March 2, 1861.[17] .Dakota Territory was settled sparsely until the late 1800s, when the railroads entered the region and aggressively marketed the land.^ Location, Location, Location…: Located in the midwestern region of the U.S., North Dakota is the 19th largest state by area in the US, carved out of the northern half of the Dakota Territory.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A bill for statehood for North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Washington titled the Enabling Act of 1889 was passed on February 22, 1889 during the administration of Grover Cleveland. After Cleveland left office, it was left to his successor, Benjamin Harrison, to sign proclamations formally admitting North and South Dakota to the Union on November 2, 1889.[18] .The rivalry between the two new states presented a dilemma of which was to be admitted first.^ Usually between 20 and 40 days after you file your petition, the trustee will hold the "first meeting of creditors" (also called a "341" meeting ).You must be present for that meeting.
  • Bankruptcy in North Dakota - Lawyers.com 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

Harrison directed Secretary of State James G. Blaine to shuffle the papers and obscure from him which he was signing first and the actual order went unrecorded. .However, since North Dakota alphabetically appears before South Dakota, its proclamation was published first in the Statutes At Large.^ A Closer Look: Since 1990 North Dakota has experience a steady decline in its population, perhaps as a result of an apparent lack of skilled jobs for college graduates.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Closer Look: Large medical centers are found in North Dakota along with the operation centers for several major corporations.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The integration component has been essentially overtaken by the recent introduction and deployment of a new 511 traveler information system throughout North and South Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since that day, it has become common to list the Dakotas alphabetically and thus North Dakota is usually listed as the 39th state.^ North Dakota also leads all other states in the production of barley and sunflower seeds and is a leader in the production of flaxseed (linseed oil).
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota State can trace its beginnings back to 1890, when the governor devoted one squire mile of land to the North Dakota Agricultural College and Agricultural Experiment Station.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A Closer Look: Since 1990 North Dakota has experience a steady decline in its population, perhaps as a result of an apparent lack of skilled jobs for college graduates.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is believed that nobody recorded which paper was signed first, thus nobody can actually know which of the Dakotas was admitted first.[19][20]
The corruption in the early territorial and state governments led to a wave of populism led by the Non Partisan League (usually referred to as the "NPL"), which brought social reforms in the early 20th century.[21] The NPL which was later incorporated as part of the Democratic Party, fashioned a number of laws and social reforms, in an attempt to insulate North Dakota from the power of out-of-state banks and corporations, a number of which are still in place today. In addition to the Bank of North Dakota and the North Dakota Mill and Elevator (both still in existence) there was a state-owned railroad line (later sold to the Soo Line Railroad). Additionally, anti-corporate laws were passed, which virtually prohibited a corporation or bank from owning title to land zoned as farmland. These laws, which still exist today, and which have upheld by both the State and Federal court systems, make it almost impossible to foreclose on farmland, as even after foreclosure, the property title cannot be held by a bank or mortgage company. Thus, virtually every farm in existence today in North Dakota, is still a "family-owned" farm. As a result, CBS News has reported that the state with the highest per capita percentage of millionaires is North Dakota.
A round of federal construction projects began in the 1950s including the Garrison Dam, and the Minot and Grand Forks Air Force bases.[22] There was a boom in oil exploration in western North Dakota in the 1980s, as rising petroleum prices made development profitable.[23] The original North Dakota State Capitol burned to the ground on December 28, 1930, and was replaced by a limestone faced art deco skyscraper that still stands today.[24]

Demographics

Population

North Dakota population density
From fewer than 3,000 people in 1870, North Dakota's population grew to near 680,000 by 1930. Growth then slowed, and the population has fluctuated slightly over the next seven decades, hitting a low of 617,761 in the 1970 census, with a total of 642,200 in the 2000 census.[25] The United States Census Bureau, as of July 1, 2008, estimated North Dakota's population at 641,481,[2] which represents a decrease of 714, or 0.1%, since the last census in 2000.[26] This includes a natural increase since the last census of 20,460 people (that is 67,788 births minus 47,328 deaths) and a decrease due to net migration of 17,787 people out of the state.[26] Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 3,323 people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of 21,110 people.[26] The age and gender distributions approximate the national average. Besides Native Americans, North Dakota's minority groups still form a significantly smaller proportion of the population than in the nation as a whole.[27] The center of population of North Dakota is located in Wells County, near Sykeston.[28]
Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 2,405
1880 36,909 1,434.7%
1890 190,983 417.4%
1900 319,146 67.1%
1910 577,056 80.8%
1920 646,872 12.1%
1930 680,845 5.3%
1940 641,935 −5.7%
1950 619,636 −3.5%
1960 632,446 2.1%
1970 617,761 −2.3%
1980 652,717 5.7%
1990 638,800 −2.1%
2000 642,200 0.5%
Est. 2009 646,844 [2] 0.7%

Emigration

Since 1923, North Dakota has experienced a virtually constant decline in population, particularly among younger people with university degrees.[29] One of the major causes of emigration in North Dakota looms from a lack of skilled jobs for graduates. Some propose the expansion of economic development programs to create skilled and high-tech jobs, but the effectiveness of such programs has been open to debate.[30]
As the issue is common to several High Plains states, federal politicians including Senator Byron Dorgan, have proposed The New Homestead Act of 2007 to encourage living in areas losing population through incentives such as tax breaks.[31]

Race and ancestry

Demographics of North Dakota (csv)
By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI*
2000 (total population) 93.79% 0.85% 5.49% 0.78% 0.07%
2000 (Hispanic only) 1.06% 0.05% 0.12% 0.02% 0.00%
2005 (total population) 93.19% 1.04% 5.81% 0.89% 0.06%
2005 (Hispanic only) 1.47% 0.06% 0.09% 0.02% 0.00%
Growth 2000–05 (total population) -1.50% 21.17% 4.85% 14.14% -13.45%
Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only) -1.95% 21.51% 5.62% 15.01% -12.03%
Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only) 37.78% 15.84% -28.34% -14.09% -37.04%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Most North Dakotans are of Northern European descent. The five largest ancestry groups in North Dakota are: German (46.6%) (298,779), Norwegian (30.4%) (194,886), Irish (8.3%) (52,925), French (4.8%) (30,571) and Swedish (4.5%) (29,098).[32]
2.47% of the population aged 5 and older speak German at home, while 1.37% speak Spanish, 0.46% speak Norwegian, and 0.26% speak French according to the 2000 U.S. Census.[33]
The state's racial composition in 2005 was:[34]

Religion

North Dakota has the lowest percentage of non-religious people of any state, and it also has the most churches per capita of any state.[35][36]
A 2001 survey indicated that 35% of North Dakota's population was Lutheran, and 30% was Roman Catholic. Other religious groups represented were Methodists (7%), Baptists (6%), the Assembly of God (3%), and Jehovah's Witness (1%). Christians with unstated or other denominational affiliations, including other Protestants, totaled 3%, bringing the total Christian population to 86%. Non-Christian religions, such as Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism, together represented 4% of the population. Three percent of respondents answered "no religion" on the survey, and 6% declined to answer.[35]
The largest denominations by number of adherents in 2000 were the Roman Catholic Church with 179,349; the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 174,554; and the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod with 23,720.[37]
According to the website of the Mormon church there were 6,120 Latter Day Saints in sixteen congregations in North Dakota as of 2009. There is also an LDS temple in Bismarck.[38]

Culture

Fine and performing arts

North Dakota's major fine art museums and venues include the Chester Fritz Auditorium, Empire Arts Center, the Fargo Theatre, North Dakota Museum of Art, and the Plains Art Museum. The Bismarck-Mandan Symphony Orchestra, Fargo-Moorhead Symphony Orchestra, Greater Grand Forks Symphony Orchestra and Minot Symphony Orchestra are full-time professional and semi-professional musical ensembles that perform concerts and offer educational programs to the community.

Entertainment

North Dakotan musicians of many genres include blues guitarist Jonny Lang, country music singer Lynn Anderson, jazz and traditional pop singer and songwriter Peggy Lee, big band leader Lawrence Welk, and pop singer Bobby Vee. The state is also home to two groups of the Indie rock genre that have become known on a national scale: GodheadSilo (originally from Fargo, but later relocated to Olympia, Washington and became signed to the Kill Rock Stars label) and June Panic (also of Fargo, signed to Secretly Canadian).
Ed Schultz is known around the country as the host of progressive talk radio show The Ed Schultz Show, and The Ed Show on MSNBC. Shadoe Stevens hosted American Top 40 from 1988 to 1995. Josh Duhamel is an Emmy Award-winning actor known for his roles in All My Children and Las Vegas.[39] Nicole Linkletter and CariDee English were winning contestants of Cycles 5 and 7, respectively, of America's Next Top Model. Kellan Lutz has appeared in movies such as Stick It, Accepted, Prom Night, and Twilight.

Popular culture

Geese in Flight (2001) sculpture, part of the Enchanted Highway a stretch of 32 miles including Interstate 94 in North Dakota.[40]
North Dakota cuisine includes Knoephla soup: a thick, stew-like chicken soup with dumplings, lutefisk: lye-treated fish, Kuchen: a pie-like pastry, lefse: a flat bread made from mashed potatoes that is eaten with butter and sugar, Fleischkuekle, a deep fried entree of ground beef covered in dough, and served with chips and a pickle in most restaurants; strudel: a dough-and-filling item that can either be made as a pastry, or a savory dish with onions or meat; and other traditional German and Norwegian dishes. North Dakota also shares concepts such as hot dishes along with other Midwestern states.
Along with having the most churches per capita of any state, North Dakota has the highest percentage of church-going population of any state.[35][36]
Native American traditions are practiced by the Native American population of North Dakota, especially on Indian reservations. The North Dakota Pow-wow is held in Bismarck in late summer each year.[41]
Outdoor activities such as hunting and fishing are hobbies for many North Dakotans. Ice fishing and snowmobiling are also popular during the winter months. Residents of North Dakota may own or visit a cabin along a lake. Popular sport fish include walleye, perch, and northern pike.[42]
The western terminus of the North Country National Scenic Trail is located on Lake Sakakawea where it abuts the Lewis and Clark Trail.

Economy

North Dakota state quarter
Agriculture is the largest industry in North Dakota, although petroleum and food processing are also major industries.[43] The economy of North Dakota had a gross domestic product of $24 billion in 2005.[44] The per capita income in 2006 was $33,034, ranked 29th in the nation.[45] The three-year median household income from 2002–2004 was $39,594, ranking 37th in the U.S.[46] North Dakota is also the only state with a state owned bank, the Bank of North Dakota in Bismarck, and a state owned flour mill, the North Dakota Mill and Elevator in Grand Forks.

Industry and commerce

.North Dakota's earliest industries were fur trading and agriculture.^ North Dakota has franchising opportunities available in many categories, but its largest industries are farm product wholesalers, farm & garden machinery, and lawn & garden equipment.
  • North Dakota Franchises - ND Business Opportunities 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.franchise.com [Source type: News]

^ Almost half of all the goods hauled by commercial operators in North Dakota are agricultural (46%).
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The commercial transport of agricultural and other goods throughout the state of North Dakota and the surrounding region is an important component of the region’s economy.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although less than 10% of the population is employed in the agricultural sector,[47] it remains a major part of the state's economy, ranking 24th in the nation in the value of products sold.^ ClickState.com helps its users find information on United States such as religion, lifestyle, financial, economy, transportation & travel, population, shopping and more.
  • North Dakota | United States Directory 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.clickstate.com [Source type: News]

[48] The state is the largest producer in the U.S. of barley, sunflower seeds, spring and durum wheat for processing, and farm-raised turkeys.[48]
North Dakota Mill and Elevator postcard, 1915

Energy

.Coal mines generate 93% of the North Dakota electricity.^ As a generalization, weather systems move across the state of North Dakota from the southwest to the northeast following the pattern of the jet stream.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49] Oil was discovered near Tioga in 1951, generating 53 million barrels (8,400,000 m3) of oil a year by 1984.[50] Western North Dakota is currently in an oil boom: the Tioga, Stanley and Minot-Burlington communities are experiencing rapid growth. The oil reserves may hold up to 400 billion barrels (6.4×1010 m3) of oil, 25 times larger than the reserves in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.[51][52] However, a report issued in April 2008 by the U.S. Geological Survey estimates that the oil recoverable by current technology in the Bakken formation is two orders of magnitude less, in the range of 3.0 to 4.3 billion barrels, with a mean of 3.65 billion.[53]
The Great Plains area, which North Dakota is a part of, is called the "Saudi Arabia" of wind energy,[54] North Dakota has the capability of producing 1.2 billion kilowatt hours of energy. That is enough to power 25% of the entire country's energy needs. Wind energy in North Dakota is also very cost effective because the state has large rural expanses and wind speeds seldom go below 10 mph (16 km/h).
Oil drilling equipment in western North Dakota

State taxes

North Dakota has a slightly progressive income tax structure; the five brackets of state income tax rates are 2.1%, 3.92% 4.34%, 5.04%, and 5.54% as of 2004.[55] North Dakota is ranked as the 21st highest in the nation for their capitals' total state taxes.[56] The sales tax in North Dakota is 5% for most items.[57] .The state allows municipalities to institute local sales taxes and special local taxes, such as the 1.75% supplemental sales tax in Grand Forks.^ Prime territories for starting a franchise include Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks and many locations are still available throughout the state.
  • North Dakota Franchises - ND Business Opportunities 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.franchise.com [Source type: News]

[58] Excise taxes are levied on the purchase price or market value of aircraft registered in North Dakota. The state imposes a use tax on items purchased elsewhere but used within North Dakota. Owners of real property in North Dakota pay property tax to their county, municipality, school district, and special taxing districts.[59]
The Tax Foundation ranks North Dakota as the state with the 30th most "business friendly" tax climate in the nation.[60] Tax Freedom Day arrives on April 1, 10 days earlier than the national Tax Freedom Day.[60] In 2006, North Dakota was the state with the lowest number of returns filed by taxpayers with an Adjusted Gross Income of over $1M – only 333.[61]

Transportation

Transportation in North Dakota is overseen by the North Dakota Department of Transportation. The major Interstate highways are Interstate 29 and Interstate 94, with I-29 and I-94 meeting at Fargo, with I-29 oriented north to south along the eastern edge of the state, and I-94 bisecting the state from east to west between Minnesota and Montana. A unique feature of the North Dakota Interstate Highway system, is that virtually all of it is paved in concrete, rather than blacktop, because of the extreme weather conditions it must endure. The largest rail systems in the state are operated by BNSF and the Canadian Pacific Railway. Many branch lines formerly used by BNSF and Canadian Pacific Railway are now operated by the Dakota, Missouri Valley and Western Railroad and the Red River Valley and Western Railroad.[62][63]
North Dakota's principal airports are the Hector International Airport (FAR) in Fargo, Grand Forks International Airport (GFK), Bismarck Municipal Airport (BIS), and the Minot International Airport (MOT).
Amtrak's Empire Builder runs through North Dakota, making stops at Fargo (2:13 am westbound, 3:35 am eastbound), Grand Forks (4:52 am westbound, 12:57 am eastbound), Minot (around 9 am westbound and around 9:30 pm eastbound), and four other stations.[64] It is the descendant of the famous line of the same name run by the Great Northern Railway, which was built by the tycoon James J. Hill and ran from St. Paul to Seattle. Intercity bus service is provided by Greyhound and Jefferson Lines. Public transit in North Dakota is currently limited to bus systems in the larger cities.

Law and government

.As with the federal government of the United States, power in North Dakota is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.^ North Dakota is a Midwestern state in the United States known as the, Peace Garden State.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota became the 39th state in 1889.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The consolidation of North Dakota’s pioneering #SAFE program into the recently implemented 511 systems in both North and South Dakota is already yielding significant benefits for the state DOTs and for travelers.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[65]

Executive

The executive branch is headed by the governor. The current governor is John Hoeven, a Republican whose first term began December 15, 2000, and who was re-elected in 2004 and 2008. The current Lieutenant Governor of North Dakota is Jack Dalrymple, who is also the President of the Senate. The offices of governor and lieutenant governor have four-year terms. The governor has a cabinet consisting of the leaders of various state government agencies, called commissioners. The other elected constitutional offices are secretary of state, attorney general, and state auditor.

Legislative

The North Dakota Legislative Assembly is a bicameral body consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The state has 47 districts. Each district has one senator and two representatives. Both senators and representatives are elected to four year terms. The state's legal code is named the North Dakota Century Code.

Judicial

.North Dakota's court system has four levels.^ Come and experience four of the best golf courses in Southwestern North Dakota!
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ This approach operates externally to North and South Dakota’s standard IT networks, providing for a smooth and rapid diffusion of a well integrated road-weather information system.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North and South Dakota are at different stages in the build-out of wireless communication systems.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Municipal courts serve the cities, and most cases start in the district courts, which are courts of general jurisdiction. There are 42 district court judges in seven judicial districts.[66][67] Appeals from the trial courts and challenges to certain governmental decisions are heard by the North Dakota Court of Appeals, consisting of three-judge panels. The five-justice North Dakota Supreme Court hears all appeals from the district courts and the Court of Appeals.[68]

Regional

There are three Sioux, one Three Affiliated Tribes, and one Ojibwa reservations in North Dakota. These communities are self-governing.

Federal

North Dakota's two United States senators are Democrats Kent Conrad and Byron Dorgan. The state has one at-large congressional district represented by Democratic representative Earl Pomeroy.
Federal court cases are heard in the United States District Court for the District of North Dakota, which holds court in Bismarck, Fargo, Grand Forks, and Minot. Appeals are heard by the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals based in St. Louis, Missouri.

Politics

The major political parties in North Dakota are the Democratic-NPL and the Republican Party. As of 2007, the Constitution Party and the Libertarian Party are also organized parties in the state.
At the state level, the governorship has been held by the Republican Party since 1992, along with a majority of the state legislature and statewide officers. Dem-NPL showings were strong in the 2000 governor's race, and in the 2006 legislative elections, but the League has not had a major breakthrough since the administration of former state governor George Sinner.
The Republican Party presidential candidate usually carries the state; in 2004, George W. Bush won with 62.9% of the vote. Of all the Democratic presidential candidates since 1892, only Grover Cleveland, Woodrow Wilson, Franklin Roosevelt, and Lyndon Johnson received Electoral College votes from North Dakota.
On the other hand, Dem-NPL candidates for North Dakota's federal Senate and Congressional seats have won every election since 1982, and the state's federal delegation has been entirely Democratic since 1986.

Cities and towns

Downtown Fargo in 2007
State Capitol, Bismarck
Bismarck, located in south-central North Dakota along the banks of the Missouri River, has been North Dakota's capital city since 1883, first as capital of the Dakota Territory, and then as state capital since 1889. Bismarck however, was not originally the first choice to be the capital of the new state. While Bismarck had served adequately as the territorial capital, it was felt by many that the state's capital city should be moved eastward since then, as now, the majority of North Dakotans lived in the eastern half of the state. To that end, Jamestown was chosen as the new capital, and the state's official records were moved to Jamestown, and stored in the then-new Stutsman County Court House, in preparation for the first session of the North Dakota Legislature. Before the legislators had a chance to gather however, a small group of civic-minded Bismarck residents, disgruntled over the loss of prestige which the impending change meant to their community, rode on horseback the 100 miles to Jamestown in a January blizzard, broke into the court house, stole the state records, and made it back to Bismarck with them, staying just ahead of a pursuing posse. Once the records were back in Bismarck, they were essentially "held hostage", until the legislature agreed to meet in Bismarck. Faced with the "fait accompli", the legislators had no choice but to convene in Bismarck; and, as the Bismarck citizens had hoped for, once there, simply decided it was too much work to change the status quo. In an effort to extract some dignity from the situation however, the legislature refused to formally vote to establish Bismarck as the state capital city. Thus, while Bismarck remains the North Dakota state capital to this day, there is no actual statute, law or constitutional clause placing it there, although because of its convenient central location in the state the city is a perfect site for government to meet.
Bismarck's popularity and beauty attracts thousands of people from the east side of the state to the west, north and south. The state capitol building (the tallest building in the state), and biggest museum in the state, a civic center and the largest opera/ballet house in the state, the largest court room in the state, the largest zoo in the state ("Dakota Zoo") and many night clubs, churches, schools, stadiums, and university opportunities (University of Mary, Bismarck State College, United Tribes Technical College Rasmussen College and other medical, scientific, and religious related colleges) are located in Bismarck. Bismarck today is the leading provider in North Dakota of government, health care, nature protection, residential safety, recreational activities, and education. Bismarck hosts the two tallest buildings in the state (possibly a third), with many parks and recreational areas, three malls and many plazas, a huge downtown area where USA presidents visited, busy traffic and very busy train traffic and an increasing amount of air-travel, and its all located on top of rolling hills along the Missouri River. Bismarck is a "safe-haven" in North Dakota for trees, trees grow well in Bismarck because water is plentiful. Bismarck is always connected to all of North Dakota, Bismarck provides almost all radio signals and transfers data (weather predictions, news, newspaper, sporting events) to all of North Dakota, but not one fourth of North Dakota that is covered by Fargo. Western Montana and northern South Dakota are also covered by the city of Bismarck. Bismarck ranks second in tourism intake after Minot but tourism in Bismarck is powerful year round even during the winter. Bismarck also ranks second in largest metro area after Fargo, which continues to spread at an increasing rate. but Bismarck has no intention of spoiling the warm and happy environment it has successfully matured. Bismarck, North Dakota is the Official Safest (Large Population) City in America to Live.
Bismarck's economy has skyrocketed twice when gold was discovered in the Black Hills and when Garrison Dam on Lake Sakakawea was being constructed. Minot is a city in northern North Dakota is home of the North Dakota State Fair. Mandan is located a few miles west of Bismarck on the west side of the Missouri River and takes its name from the Mandan Indians that greeted Lewis and Clark. New Salem is the location of the world's largest holstein cow statue; the world's largest statue is of a buffalo is Jamestown. Grand Forks and Devils Lake are located in scenic areas of North Dakota. Williston is located near the confluence of the Missouri River and the Yellowstone River near Montana. Medora in the North Dakota Badlands hosts the Medora Musical every summer and is the gateway to Theodore Roosevelt National Park. Fort Yates, located along the Missouri River on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation claims to host the final resting place of Hunkpapa Lakota leader Sitting Bull (Mobridge, South Dakota also claims his gravesite).
North Dakota's most populous city is Fargo, North Dakota. North Dakota's top 12 cities are listed here in order of descending size, they are: Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks, Minot, West Fargo, Mandan, Dickinson, Jamestown, Williston, Wahpeton, Devils Lake, and then Valley City.

Education

Higher education

The state has 11 public colleges and universities, five tribal community colleges, and four private schools. The largest institutions are North Dakota State University and the University of North Dakota.
The higher education system consists of the following institutions:
Tribal colleges:
Private schools:

State symbols

State bird: Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
State fish: Northern pike, Esox lucius
State horse: Nokota horse
State flower: Wild Prairie Rose, Rosa arkansana
State tree: American Elm, Ulmus americana
State fossil: Teredo Petrified wood
State grass: Western Wheatgrass, Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A. Löve
State nicknames: Roughrider State, Flickertail State, Peace Garden State
State mottos:
(Great Seal of North Dakota) Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable
(Coat of Arms of North Dakota) Strength from the Soil
State slogan: Legendary
State song: North Dakota Hymn
State dance: Square Dance
State fruit: Chokecherry
State march: Flickertail March
State beverage: Milk
State art museum: North Dakota Museum of Art
State license plate: see the different types over time[1]
"The Flickertail State" is one of North Dakota's nicknames and is derived from Richardson's Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus richardsonii), a very common animal in the region. The ground squirrel constantly flicks its tail in a distinctive manner. In 1953, legislation to make the ground squirrel the state emblem was voted down in the state legislature.[69]

Media

North Dakota's media markets are Fargo-Grand Forks, (121st largest nationally), making up the eastern half of the state, and Minot-Bismarck (158th), making up the western half of the state.[70] Prairie Public Television (PPTV) is a statewide public television network affiliated with PBS.
Broadcast television in North Dakota started on April 3, 1953, when KCJB-TV (now KXMC-TV) in Minot began broadcasting.[71] There are currently 28 analog broadcast stations and 18 digital channels broadcast over North Dakota.
The state's largest newspaper is The Forum of Fargo-Moorhead. Other weekly and monthly publications (most of which are fully supported by advertising) are also available. The most prominent of these is the alternative weekly High Plains Reader, which covers Fargo and Grand Forks.
Prairie Public is a statewide radio network affiliated with National Public Radio. The state's oldest radio station, WDAY-AM, was launched on May 23, 1922.[72] The Forum Communications owned station is still on the air, and currently broadcasts a news/talk format.

Notable North Dakotans

See also

Further reading

  • Arends, Shirley Fischer. The Central Dakota Germans: Their History, Language, and Culture. (1989). 289 pp.
  • Berg, Francie M., ed. Ethnic Heritage in North Dakota. (1983). 174 pp.
  • Blackorby, Edward C. Prairie Rebel: The Public Life of William Lemke (1963), radical leader in 1930s online edition
  • Collins, Michael L. That Damned Cowboy: Theodore Roosevelt and the American West, 1883–1898 (1989). Teddy was a rancher here in the 1880s
  • Cooper, Jerry and Smith, Glen. Citizens as Soldiers: A History of the North Dakota National Guard. (1986). 447 pp.
  • Crawford, Lewis F. History of North Dakota (3 vol 1931), excellent history in vol 1; biographies in vol. 2-3
  • Danbom, David B. "Our Purpose Is to Serve": The First Century of the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station. (1990). 237 pp.
  • Eisenberg, C. G. History of the First Dakota-District of the Evangelical-Lutheran Synod of Iowa and Other States. (1982). 268 pp.
  • Ginsburg, Faye D. Contested Lives: The Abortion Debate in an American Community. (1989). 315 pp. the issue in Fargo
  • Hargreaves, Mary W. M. Dry Farming in the Northern Great Plains: Years of Readjustment, 1920–1990. (1993). 386 pp.
  • Howard, Thomas W., ed. The North Dakota Political Tradition. (1981). 220 pp.
  • Hudson, John C. Plains Country Towns. (1985). 189 pp. geographer studies small towns
  • Junker, Rozanne Enerson. The Bank of North Dakota: An Experiment in State Ownership. (1989). 185 pp.
  • Lamar, Howard R. Dakota Territory, 1861–1889: A Study of Frontier Politics (1956).
  • Lounsberry, Clement A. Early history of North Dakota (1919) excellent history by editor of Bismark Tribune; 645pp online edition
  • Lysengen, Janet Daley and Rathke, Ann M., eds. The Centennial Anthology of "North Dakota History: Journal of the Northern Plains." (1996). 526 pp. articles from state history journal covering all major topics in the state's history
  • Morlan, Robert L. Political Prairie Fire: The Nonpartisan League, 1915–1922. (1955). 414 pp. NPL comes to power briefly
  • Peirce, Neal R. The Great Plains States of America: People, Politics, and Power in the Nine Great Plains States (1973) excerpt and text ssearch, chapter on North Dakota
  • Robinson, Elwyn B., D. Jerome Tweton, and David B. Danbom. History of North Dakota (2nd ed. 1995) standard history, by leading scholars; extensive bibliography
  • Schneider, Mary Jane. North Dakota Indians: An Introduction. (1986). 276 pp.
  • Sherman, William C. and Thorson, Playford V., eds. Plains Folk: North Dakota's Ethnic History. (1988). 419 pp.
  • Sherman, William C. Prairie Mosaic: An Ethnic Atlas of Rural North Dakota. (1983). 152 pp.
  • Smith, Glen H. Langer of North Dakota: A Study in Isolationism, 1940–1959. (1979). 238 pp. biography of influential conservative Senator
  • Snortland, J. Signe, ed. A Traveler's Companion to North Dakota State Historic Sites. (1996). 155 pp.
  • Stock, Catherine McNicol. Main Street in Crisis: The Great Depression and the Old Middle Class on the Northern Plains. (1992). 305pp. online edition
  • Tauxe, Caroline S. Farms, Mines and Main Streets: Uneven Development in a Dakota County. (1993). 276 pp. coal and grain in Mercer county
  • Tweton, D. Jerome and Jelliff, Theodore B. North Dakota: The Heritage of a People. (1976). 242 pp. textbook history
  • Wilkins, Robert P. and Wilkins, Wynona Hutchette. North Dakota: A Bicentennial History. (1977) 218 pp. popular history
  • Wishart, David J. Encyclopedia of the Great Plains (2004), many articles by scholars on many topics
  • Young, Carrie. Prairie Cooks: Glorified Rice, Three-Day Buns, and Other Reminiscences. (1993). 136 pp.

Primary sources

  • Benson, Bjorn; Hampsten, Elizabeth; and Sweney, Kathryn, eds. Day In, Day Out: Women's Lives in North Dakota. (1988). 326 pp.
  • Maximilian, Prince of Wied. Travels in the Interior of North America in the rears 1832 to 1834 (Vols. XXII-XXIV of "Early Western Travels, 1748–1846," ed. by Reuben Gold Thwaites; 1905–1906). Maximilian spent the winter of 1833–1834 at Fort Clark.
  • University of North Dakota, Bureau of Governmental Affairs, ed., A Compilation of North Dakota Political Party Platforms, 1884–1978. (1979). 388 pp.
  • WPA. North Dakota: A Guide to the Northern Prairie State (2nd ed. 1950), the classic guide online edition

References

  1. ^ North Dakota Century Code, CHAPTER 54-02-13
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  30. ^ "Agenda 2003 - Saving North Dakota". The Forum of Fargo-Moorhead. 2002. http://www.in-forum.com/specials/savingnd/index2.cfm?page=articles_inside&id=27390. Retrieved 2007-08-19. 
  31. ^ "The New Homestead Act of 2007". United States Senator Byron L. Dorgan. http://dorgan.senate.gov/issues/northdakota/homestead/. Retrieved 2007-08-19. 
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  33. ^ "Most spoken languages in North Dakota". Modern Language Association. http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=38&mode=state_tops. Retrieved 2007-08-19. 
  34. ^ "State Population Estimates by Selected Race Categories: July 1, 2005". U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/states/asrh/SC-EST2005-04.html. Retrieved 2006-11-26. 
  35. ^ a b c "American Religious Identification Survey". Exhibit 15. The Graduate Center, City University of New York. http://www.gc.cuny.edu/faculty/research_briefs/aris/key_findings.htm. Retrieved 2006-11-24. 
  36. ^ a b "North Dakota Movers". US-Moving.com. http://www.us-moving.com/north-dakota.html. Retrieved 2007-08-19. 
  37. ^ http://www.thearda.com/mapsReports/reports/state/38_2000.asp
  38. ^ http://www.newsroom.lds.org/ldsnewsroom/eng/contact-us/usa-north-dakota
  39. ^ "Josh Duhamel". IMDb. 2007. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0241049/. Retrieved 2007-08-19. 
  40. ^ National Geographic Society (U. S.) (2009). National Geographic Kids Almanac 2010. National Geographic Books. p. 206. ISBN 142630501X. http://books.google.es/books?id=_-c_em9aXkQC. Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  41. ^ "North Dakota pow wow listing". Dakota/Lakota Singing. http://www.drumhop.com/ndpowwow.html. Retrieved 2007-08-19. 
  42. ^ "Fish Species". North Dakota Game and Fish Department. 2007. http://gf.nd.gov/fishing/species.html. Retrieved 2007-08-19. 
  43. ^ "Economy of North Dakota". NetState. 2007-06-04. http://www.netstate.com/economy/nd_economy.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-04. 
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  45. ^ "Regional Economic Accounts". U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. http://www.bea.gov/bea/regional/bearfacts/stateaction.cfm?fips=27000&yearin=2006. Retrieved 2007-10-04. 
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  49. ^ "Coal Powers Life in America — North Dakota". CARE — Coalition for Affordable and Reliable Energy. http://www.careenergy.com/powering_life/state_profiles/nd.asp. Retrieved 2007-10-04. 
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  52. ^ Donovan, Lauren (2006-06-20). "North Dakota may be bigger oil player than Alaska". Bismarck Tribune. 
  53. ^ "3 to 4.3 Billion Barrels of Technically Recoverable Oil Assessed in North Dakota and Montana’s Bakken Formation—25 Times More Than 1995 Estimate". U.S. Geological Survey. April 10, 2008. http://www.usgs.gov/newsroom/article.asp?ID=1911. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
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  61. ^ IRS - Tax Stats at a Glance
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  63. ^ "About Us". Red River Valley and Western Railroad. http://www.rrvw.net/about/about.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
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  66. ^ "District Courts". North Dakota Supreme Court. http://www.ndcourts.com/court/districts/districts.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
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External links


Preceded by
Colorado
List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Admitted on November 2, 1889 (39th)
Succeeded by
South Dakota

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Bison in Theodore Roosevelt National Park
Bison in Theodore Roosevelt National Park
North Dakota [1] is a state in the Great Plains of the United States. It is bordered on the west by Montana, on the east by Minnesota, on the south by South Dakota, and on the north by the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba. North Dakota, the 39th state, was admitted to the Union in 1889. The year 2005 marked the bicentennial celebration of the Lewis and Clark expedition which began in Illinois and passed through North Dakota on the way to the Pacific Northwest, with help from a Shoshone Indian girl, Sakakawea, as their guide. North Dakota's 53 counties cover approximately 70,655 square miles (183,000 square kilometers) and has a population of approximately 639,000.
State Flag of ND
State Flag of ND
North Dakota regions
North Dakota regions
  • Fargo - North Dakota's largest city, and home of North Dakota State University
  • Bismarck - State Capital and growing every day
  • Devils Lake - The heart of North Dakota lake country
  • Dickinson - The crown of the Southwest, gateway to the Badlands
  • Grand Forks - Home to the University of North Dakota
  • Jamestown - The Buffalo City, pride of the Prairie
  • Minot - The Magic City, the primary city in northwest North Dakota
  • Rugby - the geographical center of North America
  • Williston - The biggest city on the upper Missouri

Understand

North Dakota is a large, sparsely populated state. It was settled mainly by farmers of Scandinavian and German descent. North Dakota's population has scarcely changed since 1915, but its urban-to-rural ratio has changed dramatically over the years. One-sixth of the people in the state live in Fargo, and that figure is growing all the time. The state's economy is based on its agriculture, food processing, mining, tourism and machinery.
North Dakota is the least-visited state in the union, not surprising given its location. But there is something to be found for those willing to venture into the unknown. North Dakota is living proof that there is much to see and do off the beaten tourist path and in small towns. Outdoor activities abound year round: hiking, biking, camping (tent and RV), boating, fishing, sailing, tubing, birding, photography, cross country skiing, snowmobiling, hunting, archery, and more. If you fancy disc golf, there are fourteen regulation courses in the state. Or you can simply take a scenic drive through hills and lakes, badlands, or plains. Military buffs will enjoy visiting the old frontier forts. Nature lovers can see hundreds of species of birds, animals, fish, and wildflowers. Geological formations of almost every type are here. You can dig for fossils or hunt for unique mineral specimens.
Famous North Dakotans include: former CBS newsman Eric Sevareid (Velva, ND), actress Angie Dickinson (Kulm, ND), "Fever" singer Peggy Lee (Jamestown, ND), "bubbling machine" bandleader Lawrence Welk (Strasburg, ND), and author Louis L'Amour (Jamestown, ND).

Get in

By plane

Scheduled airline service is available in Bismarck, Devils Lake, Dickinson, Fargo, Grand Forks, Jamestown, Minot, and Williston.
Northwest Airlines [3] offers daily flights to all destinations.
United Express [4] serves Bismark, Dickinson, Fargo, and Williston.
Allegiant Air [5] serves Bismarck and Fargo.
Delta [6] serves Bismarck, Devils Lake, Fargo, Grand Forks, Jamestown, and Minot.
Frontier Airlines [7] also serve Dickinson, Fargo, and Williston.

By car

Interstate 94 runs east-west through the southern side of the state. Interstate 29 runs north-south on the eastern edge of the state.
US Highway 2 runs east-west through the northern side of the state. US Highways 85, 83, 281, and 81 run north-south through the state. US Highway 52 runs northwest-southeast through the state.
For those of you arriving from Canada, 24-hour customs stations are available at SK 39 (US 52) in Portal, MB 10 (US 281) at the Peace Gardens, and MB 75 (I-29) near Pembina.

By train

Amtrak's [8] Empire Builder line serves Fargo, Grand Forks, Devils Lake, Rugby, Minot, Stanley, and Williston.

Get around

The best way to get around the state is by car.
  • Jefferson Bus Line (888-864-2832) has a route that goes along US I-29, which goes north and south.
  • Greyhound (800-231-2222) goes along the other major interstage, I-94, which goes east and west.
  • New Town Bus Line (701-852-2477) starts in New Town, ND, heads east on Highway 23 up to Minot, then continues on Highway 2 to Grand Forks. It always runs from Minot to Bismarck on Highway 83.
  • Taxi 9000-Bismarck: (701) 223-9000
  • City Cab-Devils Lake: (701) 351-5768
  • Dakota Cab-Dickinson: (701) 483-5200
  • Deb's Cab-Dickinson: (701) 225-2222
  • Lucky Taxi-Fargo: (701) 235-1717
  • Doyle's Yellow Checker Cab-Fargo:(701) 235-5535
  • Carry Out Cab-Fargo: (701) 478-5999
  • Grand Forks Taxi: (701) 780-8890
  • Nodak Radio Cab Company-Grand Forks: (701) 772-3456
  • A-1 Taxi-Jamestown: (701) 253-3545
  • Jamestown Taxi Service: (701) 252-4200
  • Buffalo City Cab-Jamestown: (701)252-4444
  • Valley City Taxi Service: (701) 845-0000
  • Twin Town Taxi-Wahpeton: (701)642-5757

By official transit

Information on North Dakota Transit can be found here [9]
Garrison Dam
Garrison Dam
  • The Geographical Center of North America in Rugby.
  • KVLY-TV Tower 2 miles west of Blanchard, is the tallest radio tower, and formerly the tallest man-made structure on earth at 629 meters, or 2063 feet.
  • The State Capitol grounds in Bismarck, which feature the 20 story Capitol, the State Historical Society Museum, and plenty of open park.
  • The Enchanted Highway between the Gladstone exit on I-94 and the small town of Regent on the Cannonball River in southwest ND.
  • Theodore Roosevelt National Park, (North Unit entrance is by Watford City, South Unit Entrance is by Medora), 701-623-4466, [10]. year-round. The park has two units, the North Unit and the South Unit, both distinctly different.  edit
  • Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site, (1/2 mile north on County Road 37), 701-745-3300, [11]. Memorial Day weekend-Labor Day, 8 a.m.-6 p.m., MDT; rest of year, 8 a.m.-4:30 p.m.. Established as a National Park Service (NPS) site in 1974. This is the only NPS site that preserves and protects the Northern Plains Indian Heritage. The Native Americans have occupied this area for over 11,000 years. There are the remains of three Hidatsa village sites within the park boundaries. The Big Hidatsa site has 110 depressions, the Sakakawea (Awatixa) site has 60 depressions and the Lower Hidatsa site has 40 depressions. This was once a thriving civilization situated along the Knife River. Sakakawea lived at the Awatixa site when she met Lewis and Clark at Fort Mandan. A state of the art museum dedicated to preserving the cluture of the Hidatsa, Mandan and Arikara tribes is located at the visitor center. A 15-minute video about village life can be viewed in the visitor center theater. A full-scale reconstructions of a Hidatsa earthlodge features autthentic furnishings. Programs in the earthlodge are conducted during the summer months. Free.   edit
  • Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site, Near Williston (25 miles southwest on Highway 1804), 701-572-9083, [12]. Summer, 8 a.m.-8 p.m., CDT, rest of year, 9 a.m.-5:30 p.m., CT.. Largest fur trading post on the upper Missouri River from 1828-1867. Trading headquarters with American Indians. Reconstructed Bourgeois House contains museum exhibits. Replica trade goods are available for purchase in the reconstructed Indian Trade House.   edit
  • International Peace Garden, Near Dunseith, 888-432-6733, [13]. 24/7 Depending on what you want to see and do. You may self-register after gate hours.. The International Peace Garden is a 2,339-acre botanical garden commemorating peace between the United States and Canada along the world's longest unfortified border. It blooms with more than 150,000 varieties of flowers and showcases the Peace Chapel. It is also home to the International Music Camp, Friday night concerts in June and July, and interpretive center, floral clock and souvenir shop. RV-friendly campground $10 per vehicle.  edit
  • Beaver Lake State Park, Near Napoleon (17 miles south of Napoleon), 701-452-2752, [14]. Year round. Beaver Lake State Park provides an escape from the rigors of everyday life, offering a relaxing atmosphere in a secluded outdoor setting next to lake offering a full array of water recreational activities. The park is located in south central North Dakota on the west shore of Beaver Lake, 17 miles southeast of Napoleon. Comprising 283 acres, the park provides modern and primitive camping opportunities along with three camping cabins for those wanting to get away from it all. $5 daily pass, $25 annual pass, $15 camping full service, $10 camping primitive.  edit
  • Cross Ranch State Park, Near Washburn (12 miles south east of Hensler, ND), 701-794-3731, [15]. Year round. Cross Ranch State Park is located along some of the last free-flowing and undeveloped stretches of the Missouri River. A boat ramp and canoe and kayak rentals are available for those wishing to explore this scenic segment of the river, while anglers will find walleye, trout, catfish, salmon, pike and bass in its waters. An extensive trail system can be explored either on foot or on cross-country skis during the winter months. The trails allow access to a 5,000-acre nature preserve with mixed grass prairie, river bottom forests and wood draws. Campers can use either the park's prmitive campground or hike to their camping spot in a backcountry area.The park is also well known for its bluegrass music festival held in June. $5 daily pass, $25 annual pass, $12 camping electrical spot, $10 camping primitive.  edit
  • Doyle Memorial State Park, PO Box 128, Wishek, ND, 701-269-2116. Doyle Memorial Recreation Park is located on Green Lake, seven miles southwest of Wishek. There is great fishing for perch, walleye and northern pike on Green Lake. The park has a fish cleaning station, bathrooms and shower, play ground for kids, and a new boat ramp and dock. $15 for camping with power, $8 for camping without power.  edit
  • Fort Abraham Lincoln State Park, Near Mandan, 701-667-6340, [16]. May tours 9 a.m.-5 p.m.; Memorial Day- Labor Day, tours 9 a.m.-7 p.m.; September tours, 9 a.m.-5 p.m.; October 1-11, tours 1-5 p.m.. General George Custer's last home is reconstructed, as are the central barracks, granary, commissary and a stable. Tours take visitors back to 1875, the year before the 7th Cavalry rode to the Little Bighorn. Museum and tour of On-A-Slant Indian Village's five reconstructed earthlodges. $5 per vehicle state park fee; $6 per adult, $4 per student interpretive fee.  edit
  • Fort Ransom State Park, (1 mile north of Fort Ransom, ND), 701-973-4331, [17]. Year round. Fort Ransom State Park, which takes its name from an 1860s military fort, is located in the midst of the scenic and heavily wooded Sheyenne River valley. The river provides abundant opportunties for canoeing, fishing and bird watching, while within the park can be found a short segment of the North Country National Scenic Trail. During the summer picnicking and camping are favorite activities, while cross-country skiing is a popular winter sport. A farmstead within the park is the setting for the annual Sodbuster Days celebration, with demonstrations and exhibits of homesteading life. Fort Ransom State Park's natural areas provide an important link in the protection of the remaining Sheyenne River Valley ecosystem. $5 daily pass, $25 annual pass, $15 daily camping full service, $10 daily camping primitive.  edit
  • Fort Stevenson State Park, (3 miles south of Garrison), 701-337-5576, [18]. Year round. Fort Stevenson State Park, located on Lake Sakakawea's north shore, was named for the late 1800s for that served as a supply depot for other military posts in the Dakota Territory. Boaters will find excellent facilities, including boat ramp access, marina, fishing boat rental and boat storage. The North Dakota Governor's Cup Walleye Fishing Derby, as weall as a variety of other events is held here annually. Other amenities includ camping and picnicking facilities, sleeping cabins, visitor center, arboretum and hiking trails. $5 daily pass, $25 annual pass, $15 daily camping full service, $10 daily camping primitive..  edit
  • Icelandic State Park, (5 miles west of Cavalier on Highway 5), 701-263-4651, [19]. Year round. Situated on Lake Renwick's north shore, Icelandic State Park offers water sports like boating, swimming and fishing. The park also is the site of the Pioneer Heritage Center, which features restored historic buildings providing a glimpse of North Dakota's Homesteading heritage. An early homestead preserves the state's pioneer spirit, while the Gunlogson Nature Preserve, a 200-acre natural wooded area along the Tongue River priovides a sanctuary for plants, birds and wildlife. Nearby attractions include a golf course, Pembina Gorge, Pembina County Historical Museum, Pembina State Museum, snowmobile trail, Frostfire Mountain Ski Resort and Summer Theatre and a state scenic byway. $5 daily pass, $12 annual pass, $15 daily camping full service, $12 daily camping primitive.  edit
  • Lake Metigoshe State Park, (16 miles north of Bottineau), 701-263-4651, [20]. Year round. Nestled in the scenic Turtle Mountains along the U.S./Candadian border, Lake Metigoshe is one of the most popular year-round vacation spots in North Dakota. The small lakes within the park provide opportunities for fishing, canoeing, boating and swimming. A multitude of trails attract hikers and mountain bikers. Winter bring snowmobilers, cross-country skiers, sledders and ice fishing enthusiasts. The Lake Metigoshe area was home to several Native American tribes, including the Blackfoot and Hidatsa, and later teh Assiniboine and Chippewa. The lake takes its name from the Chippewa phrase, "metigoche washegum," or clear lake surrounded by oak trees. Of all of North Dakota's state parks, Lake Metigoshe contains the greatest acreage of land remaining in its natural condition. The park's woodlands and wetlands are uncommon finds for visitors accustomed to North Dakota's expansive prairie vistas. Aspen and oak woodlands, as well as wetlands, cover much of the park and provide habitat for a wide variety of plant, animal and bird species seldom seen elsewhere in North Dakota. $5 daily pass, $25 annual pass, $15 daily camping full service, $10 daily camping primitive.  edit
  • Lake Sakakawea State Park, (1 mile north of Pick City, ND), 701-487-3315, [21]. Year round. One the south shore of Lake Sakakawea, adjacent to Garrison Dam, Lake Sakakawea State Park offers a wide range of water-based recreational activities and facilities. The park has a full-service marina including boat rentals, convenience store, fishing guide services, and boat and camper storage. Boat ramps in the park offer deep water access to some of the best fishing on Lake Sakakawea. The park also features modern camping and picnicking facilites. Hikers enjor a segment of the North Country National Scenic Trail. Sleeping cabins are avialble during the summer months. $5 daily pass, $25 annual pass, $15 daily camping full service, $10 daily camping primitive.  edit
  • Lewis and Clark State Park, (19 miles southeast on Highway 1804), 701-859-3071, [22]. Year round. Situated on one of the upper bays of Lake Sakakawea, the rugged buttes of the North Dakota Badlands display a towering backdrop to one of the state's best recreation areas. The park is named for the Corps of Discovery explorers, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. The expedition camped nearby on April 17, 1805, and an interpretive trail marker has been placed within the park to commemorate their historic journey through North Dakota. Two rare fish species, the pallid sturgeon and the prehistoric-looking paddlefish, can occasionally be found in the lake's western reaches. A self-guided nature trail allows visitors to become acquainted with the natural communities associated with the park, which is home for many wildlife species including white-tailed deer, mule deer, ring-necked pheasant, porcupine, sharp-tailed grouse and chipmunks. $5 admission to park, $8 primitive camping fee, $14 moderate camping fee.  edit
  • Little Missouri State Park, (19 miles north of Killdeer), 701-794-3731, [23]. Year round. Little Missouri State Park contains some of the most rugged, picturesque Badlands terrain in North Dakota. Most of the park is accessible only by horseback or hiking. Numerous wildlife species frequent the park, including mule deer, coyote, fox, bobcat and golden eagle. $5 daily entrance pass, $25 annual pass, $12 camping with electrical hookup, $8 camping primitive.  edit
  • Sully Creek State Park, (2 miles south of Medora), 701-623-2024, [24]. Sully Creek provides primitive camping and related facilities for trail riding, canoeing or hiking. Located in the heart of the North Dakota Badlands, the area is just minutes away from the historic town of Medora and Theodore Roosevelt National Park.  edit
  • Turtle River State Park, (22 miles east of Grand Forks, ND on Highway 2), 701-594-4445, [25]. Year round. Constructed in the 1930s by the Civilian Conservation Corps, the park is located in a beautiful, wooded valley along the meandering Turtle River. $5 daily pass, $25 annual pass, $15 daily camping full services, $10 daily camping primitive.  edit
  • Adventure Activities: Turn off that reality TV and visit a place with real life adventure: North Dakota. When it comes to outdoor activities, North Dakota is hard to beat. Golf the Lewis & Clark Trail, sail across Lake Sakakawea. No matter if it's bicycle or binoculars - an adventure awaits you. Search for activities like hiking, biking, canoeing, camping, boating, skiing, snowmobiling, golfing, wildlife viewing and horseback riding. From serene to extreme - North Dakota has it. Don't let all that fresh air go to waste, go out and have some fun!
  • Agri-tourism: In North Dakota, we answer a lot of questions about agriculture - like "Where does milk come from?" and How do you make spaghetti?". Here, you can live out a real ranch vacation, become a cowboy, even get your hands dirty with some of the best soil in the world.
An Education Vacation in agriculture is one recommended way to experience North Dakota Agri-Tourism. Discover North Dakota's Ranches, Farms & Gardens, see it all from the seat of a saddle, or just stop and take a moment to appreciate the waving greens, the golden amber waves of grain, and the immense modern farm equipment.
  • American Indian Experience: They are the Mandan, Hidatsa, Arikara, the Yanktonai, Sisseton, Wahpeton, Hunkpapa and other Dakotah/Lakotah (commonly known as the Sioux) Tribes, along with the Pembina Chippewa, Cree and Métis.
Though the individual tribes have distinct and different origins, histories and languages, Plains Indians are united by core beliefs and values that emanate from respect for the earth and an understanding of humankind's relationship with nature. Visitors are welcome to explore the reservations and discover the beauty of Indian culture.
  • Archaeology and Paleontology: Millions of years before North Dakota was a state, prehistoric creatures were living out their legendary adventure. Today, you can visit - and excavate at - fossil-bearing sites ranging in age from 30-years to 73-million years.
  • Arts and Entertainment: Concerts, festivals, galleries and more abound in North Dakota. See top-name acts at a casino, or at one of the larger venues, like the FargoDome, Bismarck Civic Center, Minot all Seasons Arena or Grand Forks’ Alerus Center, Ralph Englestad Arena and Chester Fritz Auditorium. Art, created by or simply appreciated by North Dakotans, can be experienced in many ways. Check out the North Dakota Council on the Arts for a good overview. You’ll also want to visit the North Dakota Museum of Art, Plains Art Museum, and the many art and craft fairs you’ll find on the local CVB Web sites.
  • Biking: North Dakota’s varied topography offers mountain bikers many choices for riding. From the one million acres of rugged buttes in the Little Missouri National Grassland to the rolling hills of the Turtle Mountains, North Dakota has many areas for mountain biking, including the Maah Daah Hey Trail waiting to be discovered.
  • Birding: nearly four hundred species of birds inhabit or visit North Dakota.
  • Boating: North Dakota’s lakes and rivers are well equipped with boat landings and great reasons to get out on the water, like legendary fishing.
  • Camping: Whether you're traveling by luxury RV or with a pup-tent in the back of the pick-up, camping adventure awaits you at 1,300 North Dakota campsites.
With 17 State Parks and Recreation Areas and countless local camping facilities, North Dakota is a great place to camp. There is abundant activity available in every park. Pack the smores, sing some campfire songs, and keep an eye towards the sky in case the Northern Lights join your party.
  • Canoeing/Kayaking: North Dakota’s canoeing waters are as diverse as the state itself. Whether canoeists prefer the scenery presented by agricultural plains, rugged Badlands, thickly wooded slopes or gentle river bluffs, North Dakota’s rivers offer a challenge to beginners and experienced paddlers alike.
  • Casinos/Gaming: You'll find fun and excitment throughout the year in North Dakota's casinos. Enjoy a variety of gaming experiences, fine dining and accommodations. Visit casino Web sites for concert and event listings.
  • Education Vacation: One of the fastest growing travel trends is in education vacations. This is an opportunity for visitors to customize their North Dakota experience - have fun and learn new skills - in a variety of areas, including:
•Agriculture •American Indian Studies •Art •Birding •Culinary Arts •Living History •ND Immigrant Cultures •Paleontology
  • Energy: When you drive to the store or flip on a light switch, the energy has to come from somewhere. See how energy is produced in North Dakota by visiting the energy related attractions.
  • Family Fun: Building memories - that's what family fun is all about. In North Dakota your family can follow the trail of Lewis & Clark, dig for fossils buried for millions of years, splash down at a water park, tell ghost stories around a campfire ... and that's just the first day!
  • Fishing: Fishing is good, but let's be honest. Every one of us would rather be catching. Fortunately, North Dakota is famous for its productive fisheries. Our plentiful lakes and rivers are teeming with game fish like northern pike, walleye, perch, trout and bass. Water levels, species diversity, fish sizes and populations are up. .So, if you're up for more action, more trophy catches and more fun, North Dakota is your fishing hotspot.
  • Forts: Experience North Dakota's legendary military history through a visit to a fort or state historic site.^ You are here: Home > North Dakota .
    • North Dakota | United States Directory 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.clickstate.com [Source type: News]

    As settlers pushed west, forts were established to provide protection and central meeting places. The North Dakota State Historical Society operates most historic forts in the state.
  • Geocaching: high tech treasure hunting with the help of a Global Positioning System (GPS), provides another opportunity for outdoor adventure the whole family can enjoy. The North Dakota State Parks System offers a wide variety of natural and historic settings, landmarks and architectural works, to make this state a great getaway for an enjoyable geocaching experience. Come explore the state parks of North Dakota and test your cache seeking skills in some of state’s most scenic and historic settings.
  • Golfing: North Dakota has more golf courses per capita than any other state in the nation, almost 100 courses total.
  • Hiking: Public lands in North Dakota, including state parks, wildlife management areas and refuges, grasslands, national parks, historic sites and recreation areas are open for day hiking of various lengths. Hiking sites include trails with historic or natural features specifically marked for self-guided interpretive walks. These short hikes are excellent for individuals, families or large group learning experiences.
  • Horse and Auto Racing: If you have a need for speed, there's nothing like a Friday night spent cheering for your favorite driver - or horse. The North Dakota Horse Park opened in 2002, in Fargo. Catch thundering action on eight weekends in 2007.
  • Hunting: One of the problems hunters face here is the many options in fall. Making a choice is tough. Hunters can decoy ducks or geese in the morning, chase pheasants in the afternoon and be back in their decoy spread again for the evening flight. Or they can bowhunt for pronghorn and mule deer in the drop-dead gorgeous Badlands. North Dakota is known as the duck factory in the lower 48 states, boasting some of the best duck hunting in the country for birds raised within its borders – and some of the best hunting for birds making southern migrations from nesting grounds in Canada. Upland hunters come from around the country for a shot at ring-necked pheasants, sharp-tailed grouse and Hungarian partridge. Big-game hunts are available, too. Record numbers of deer licenses have been issued in recent years. More often than not, hunters go home not only with game, but wonderful stories to share for years to come.
  • Lewis and Clark Trail: Captain Meriwether Lewis called them "the handsomest plains I ever beheld." North Dakota still boasts breathtaking scenery and its hospitality continues to leave a lasting impression on visitors. Lewis and Clark did all of the hard work, charting and exploring the West, and now you can have all of the fun! Take your own journey to a powwow, drape yourself in a buffalo robe or meander through remains of the home of Sakakawea, the Lewis & Clark Expedition's legendary Indian interpreter and guide.
  • Motorcycling: There is nothing quite like motorcycling in North Dakota. Great highways dissect 70,000 square miles of rural bliss and take riders effortlessly between the state’s larger cities. You won’t find a lot of things here that you do elsewhere: smog, crime, traffic, headaches. But you will find things here you won’t find anywhere else: the nicest people, the North Dakota Badlands, Pembina Gorge, rolling hills and grasslands and the wide open farmland of the Red River Valley.
  • RVing: On highway, there are 350 miles of scenic byways and backways to lead you to some of our favorite “hidden gems.” Create your legendary adventure by way of national park sites, state parks, city and county campgrounds, prairies, Badlands, grasslands and valleys. There are How about discovering a museum made out of rock; or hike into a petrified forest; or discover a young Teddy Roosevelt’s cabin.
  • Scenic Drives: take a break from it all and cruise on one of North Dakota's many scenic drives.
  • Sporting Teams: Be a part of the action in North Dakota. Pound on the glass, feel each step before the slam dunk, hear the crack of the bat and ready your glove for the pop fly. Here you can enjoy minor league baseball, basketball and hockey and never have to worry about the nose-bleed section. Teams include: •Northern League Baseball RedHawks Baseball - Fargo, •NBA D-League Basketball Wizards Basketball - Bismarck, •NAHL Hockey Bobcats Hockey - Bismarck, •USHL Hockey Fargo Force - Fargo
  • Western Experience: North Dakota is often known as the place to visit for a "Real American" experience. In fact, it's why North Dakota is frequently ranked in the Top Five for U.S. destinations by international guests.
  • Wineries: North Dakota is home to four wineries and one vineyard, and the popularity of North Dakota wines is growing. From pumpkin to rhubarb, apple to honey - there's a variety to excite the palate. Tours and tasting is available at all locations.
  • Totten Trail, US 83 at Lake Audubon, rural McLean County. Reasonably priced food in a unique location.

Get out

If you're leaving North Dakota by car, you may wish to take Interstate 29 north to Winnipeg, or Interstate 94 east to Minneapolis. The adventurous might choose to drive US 85 straight through the Badlands south to Sturgis, either to see the motorcycle rally, or en route to Mount Rushmore National Memorial and other attractions of the Badlands and Black Hills.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.NORTH DAKOTA, one of the North Central states of the American Union, between 45° 55' and 49° N., and 96° 25' and 104° 3' W. It is bounded N. by the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba, S. by South Dakota, W. by Montana and E. by Minnesota, from which it is separated by the Red river (or Red river of the North).^ A state of north central United States bordering on Canada, North Dakota previously was a part of the Louisiana Territory.
  • ThinkRentals.com - North Dakota rentals in ND - Think Rentals 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.thinkrentals.com [Source type: General]

^ The integration component has been essentially overtaken by the recent introduction and deployment of a new 511 traveler information system throughout North and South Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While most of these companies are based in North Dakota, an effort was made to identify commercial operators based in neighboring states who have operations in North Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

North Dakota has an extreme length, E. and W., of 360 m., an extreme width, N. and S., of 210 m., and a total area of 70,837 sq. m., of which 6J4 sq. m. are water surface.
Table of contents

Topography

North Dakota lies in the Prairie Plains and Great Plains physiographic provinces. The escarpment of the Coteau du Missouri is the dividing line, that portion to the N. and E. lying in the Prairie Plains, that to the S. W. in the Great Plains. The surface presents few striking topographic features, and may be subdivided into three vast plains or prairie tablelands rising one above the other from E. to W., the two easternmost together constituting the Prairie Plains portion of the state. The lowest of these plains is the valley of the Red river, and this valley extends along the eastern edge of the state and varies in width from 25 to 70 m. Its elevation is 965 ft. at Wahpeton, in the extreme S.E.; 903 ft. at Fargo; 836 ft. at Grand Forks; and 798 ft. at Pembina, in the extreme N.E., which is the lowest point within the state. To the W. of this valley lies a second plain, ranging in height from 1200 to 1600 ft. above sea level, and in width from 75 m. in the S. to 200 m. in the N. This plain is separated from the Red river valley in the N. by an abrupt slope rising to a height of from 300 to Soo ft. above the surrounding country, and called the Manitoba escarpment, because the greater part of it lies in the province of Manitoba. The Pembina Mountains, low hills near the international boundary and about 30 m. W. of the Red river, form a portion of this escarpment. From these hills southward the ridge gradually becomes less abrupt until in Walsh county it vanishes into prairie. .The ascent to the upper plain then becomes very gentle, though there is a rise of 400 or 50o ft., until it reaches the south-eastern portion of Sargent county and changes into the more abrupt Coteau des Prairies, a plateau about 2000 ft.^ The ninth CVO entry in each quota group was selected first into the sample, and from there every ninth company was selected until the number of companies listed in Table 3 was reached.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

above the sea. The second plain, while not so level as the Red river valley, contains but one group of hills, the Turtle Mountains; these rise from 300 to 400 ft. above the general level, near the centre of the northern boundary. The prairies in this second table-land are gently rolling, and are covered with drift from the continental ice-sheet of the glacial period. They are bounded on the W. by a ridge from 300 to 400 ft. in height and from 20 to 50 m. in width, which roughly marks the dividing line between the farming lands of the .E. and the grazing lands of the W. The northern portion of this ridge forms the water-parting between the streams that empty into Hudson Bay and those that flow into the Gulf of Mexico.^ The Missouri River flows through the western part of the state and forms Lake Sakakawea behind the Garrison Dam.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

To the W. of this ridge lies the third and highest plain within the state, the so-called Coteau du Missouri. It occupies nearly one half of the state, and rises gradually westward until it attains a general level of about 2700 ft. East of the Missouri river this region is covered with glacial drift, and is noticeably different from the more level lands of the lower plains. The ice-sheet wore down from the hills and filled the valleys with debris until the surface has a billowy appearance. .As the Missouri river marks approximately the lower edge of the ice-sheet, the region W. of this stream is almost free from glacial deposits and presents a strong contrast to the rest of the state.^ Their average preference is almost 17 days, somewhat over twice the preferred notification expressed by CVOs in the rest of the state, and almost three times the out-of-state CVO preference.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The billowy plains still remain in places, but in the vicinity of streams the billows give way to deep ravines. The sands and clays found here are fine and soft, and as there is scant vegetation to protect the hillsides they are easily eroded by the rains. As a result, the surface has been carved into fantastic forms. The early French explorers called the region les terres mauvaises, on account of the difficulties that here met the traveller, and in its English equivalent, " the Bad Lands," this appellation still remains. High winds and seams of burning lignite coal have aided the rains in giving the Bad Lands their peculiar configuration. Prairie fires or spontaneous combustion have ignited many coal seams. Some have already burnt out; others still emit smoke and sulphurous fumes from the crevices in the hillsides, and through the fissures may be seen the glowing coal and rock. The earth surface above these natural furnaces has been hardened, cracked and sometimes melted into a reddish slag, called scoria, which, on account of its resemblance to lava, has given rise to an incorrect impression that the region was once the centre of volcanic disturbances. The picturesque effect of this sculpturing by water, wind and fire is greatly enhanced by the brilliant colours along the faces of the hills and ravines - grey, yellow, black and every shade of red and brown. Here too are found petrified forests and other evidences of a vegetable growth that has long ago disappeared. The lands are bad for the traveller and the farmer, but not for the ranchman. A few miles from the streams the country is less broken, and there are deep grassy valleys, in which the animals may find shelter in winter. Cattle sometimes congregate in cold weather around a burning coal seam and enjoy the warmth. The lignite in this region also warms the ranchman's cabin, being easily mined where a seam is exposed in the walls of a ravine or on the side of a hill.
.North Dakota has a mean elevation of 1900 ft.^ But staying in North Dakota cabin rental is a recommended means.
  • ThinkRentals.com - North Dakota rentals in ND - Think Rentals 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.thinkrentals.com [Source type: General]

^ In present scenario, it is seen that the person prefers staying in North Dakota vacation rental, rather than staying in hotels or any other means of taking accommodation.
  • ThinkRentals.com - North Dakota rentals in ND - Think Rentals 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.thinkrentals.com [Source type: General]

^ The best means to take accommodation in North Dakota is North Dakota home rentals.
  • ThinkRentals.com - North Dakota rentals in ND - Think Rentals 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.thinkrentals.com [Source type: General]

The highest point in the state, about 3500 ft., is in the southern part of Bowman county, east of the Little Missouri river.

Rivers

.There are three drainage systems within the state: the Red river (of the North) and its tributaries, the Mouse, or Souris, river and its tributaries.^ As a generalization, weather systems move across the state of North Dakota from the southwest to the northeast following the pattern of the jet stream.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

and the Missouri river and its tributaries. The Red river flows in a winding channel along the eastern boundary and empties into Lake Winnipeg in Canada, thence reaching Hudson Bay through the Nelson river. .Its tributaries are small, and are remarkable chiefly for the fact that they at first flow in a direction almost opposite to that of the main stream, and make a great bend to the N.E. before joining it.'^ Depending on the particular conditions and their location, they may confer with one or more of the following people before making the final decision: .
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Sheyenne, the Goose, the Park and the Pembina rivers are the most important of these streams. The Mouse, or Souris, river rises in Canada, crosses the international boundary near the meridian of 102° W. long., flows S.E. for about 70 m., then turns to the N. and near the Joist meridian re-enters British territory, after receiving the waters of the Riviere des Lacs and other small streams. .The Missouri river, the most important stream within the state, crosses the western boundary near the 48th parallel, and after pursuing a winding course in a general south-easterly direction, leaves the state near the centre of its southern boundary.^ As a generalization, weather systems move across the state of North Dakota from the southwest to the northeast following the pattern of the jet stream.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Road restrictions raise important institutional-political issues, because restrictions constrain the shipment of valuable agricultural commodities and other goods within and through the state.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The James river, flowing southward into South Dakota, is the Missouri's only important eastern tributary within the state.^ The Missouri River flows through the western part of the state and forms Lake Sakakawea behind the Garrison Dam.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is important to note that Interstate Route 94, running East-West across the lower third of the state, and Interstate Route 29, running North-South just inside the Eastern border of the state, are not subject to any restrictions at any time.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The State of North Dakota is divided into 8 Districts, and telephone interviews have been conducted with maintenance personnel in each of these districts.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

From the W. the Missouri receives the waters of the Little Missouri, Cannon Ball, Heart and Knife rivers. All that portion of the state lying W. of the Pembina Mountains and E. of the Mouse river valley is practically without river drainage, and for its surface and sub-surface drainage, Devils Lake, an irregular body of water about 40 m. in length and with an area of 400 sq. m., forms a natural reservoir. The waters of this lake are strongly saline. The entire region W. of the Red river valley and E. of the valleys of the Mouse and Missouri rivers is dotted with small lakes. The morainic belts and other obstructions in the drift plains hem in the waters in the intervening basins and create what are called " glacial lakes," var y ing in diameter from a few yards to several miles. All the lakes of the state are of this character, and many are strong with salt and alkali. The drift plains also contain numerous shallow hollows, locally termed " pots and kettles," which receive the drainage of their vicinity and form sloughs.
Fauna and Flora. - Before the advent of the white man, herds of bison roamed the prairies, but these have disappeared,' and, with the exception of deer and bears, large game is to be found only in the Bad Lands. Here are found the lynx, the " mountain lion " or puma, the prairie and timber wolves, the jack rabbit, the prairie dog (gopher), the black, the brown and, occasionally, the grizzly bear. A few fur-bearing animals, the mink, beaver and raccoon, still remain. The prairie dog is found everywhere. Among the lakes, sloughs and stubble-fields of the prairies, teal, ducks, coots and geese are found in abundance. Other prairie birds are the prairie chicken, and there are a great many birds that sing while flying; among them are the horned lark, bobolink, Smith's longspur and chestnut collared longspur, lark-sparrow, lark-bunting and Sprague's pipit.
The flora of North Dakota is typical of a semi-arid country. The prevailing plant-colour is a greyish green, due to a hard dry outer covering which serves as a protection from desiccation. All plant life has a remarkably large proportion of subterranean growth, because of the necessity of getting moisture from the earth and not from the air; hence roots and tubers are unusually well developed. The Red river valley is a meeting ground for many species of plants whose principal habitat lies in some other quarter. Many trees of the eastern forest, such as basswood, sugar, river and red maple, red, white and black ash, red and rock elm, black and bur oak, white and red pine and red cedar find their western limit here. Some species characteristic of the more northerly regions - for example, the mountain ash, balsam fir, tamarack and black and white spruce - find here their southern or south-western limits. The same is true of shrubs and herbaceous plants. The prickly ash, Virginian creeper and staff-tree find here their northern limit; and the mountain maple, Canada blueberry, dwarf birch and ground hemlock their southern limit. Of 1500 species of herbaceous plants in the Red river basin, it is estimated that fully half reach here their geographical limit or limit of frequent occurrence. Trees are found ' The peculiar bow shape of these western tributaries of the Red river is due to the fact that these streams originally flowed S.E. into Lake Agassiz, now extinct. As the waters of the lake gradually receded, the rivers reached it by pushing their channels eastward through what was once its bed. The southern part of the lake bottom was finally uplifted by a movement of the earth crust, and the outlet was changed from the S. to the N.E. The waters continued to recede, and the tributaries, in cutting their way through the sediment, followed the slope of the land and gradually turned northward.
2 The early settlers found the bones of the bison scattered over the prairies, and after the construction of railways the gathering and shipping of these for use in sugar refining and in the manufacture of superphosphate became temporarily a profitable industry. Between January and August 1889 a single dealer at Minot shipped 1200 tons, which sold at $8 the ton.
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only on Turtle Mountains, in the vicinity of streams, and in a few other places sheltered from wind and sun. North Dakota's total woodland area is estimated at 600 sq. m., or less than I % of its entire surface. No other state in the Union has such a relatively small area of forest. By an executive proclamation, which came into effect on the 24th of November 1908, a Federal forest reservation of 21.8 sq. m. was created. The prairies of the more humid regions are covered with valuable grasses, and with masses of showy native flowers, which bloom from spring to autumn. The pasque flower is found on all the prairies and is the earliest to appear. The Bad Lands exhibit a vegetation typical of semi-arid regions. Cottonwoods flourish along the Little Missouri river, and in sheltered ravines grow stunted junipers and cedars, which seldom rise above the crest of some protecting bluff. Poplars grow in the valleys, and the cactus and sage brush are common. The faces of buttes and ravines that are turned toward the sun are usually devoid of vegetation.

Climate

There are no mountains, forests or large bodies of water to moderate the extremes of summer and winter, and the uniformity of topography makes the ranges of temperature for different parts of the state very nearly the same. Between the extreme northern and southern sections there is a range of only 6° F. The mean annual temperature for the state is 39° F., with an extreme of I to° recorded for the summer and a minimum of - 54° for the winter. As a general rule, temperatures are highest in the W. and lowest in the E. In the central region of the state (at Jamestown, Stutsman county) the mean annual temperature is 40 0; the mean for the winter, 10°, with a minimum of - 40° recorded in February; the mean for the summer is 67°, with an extreme of 103° recorded in July. The winters are long and severe. The season, however, on account of the dryness of the climate, is not so harsh as the low temperatures would seem to indicate. The seasons are sharply demarked; both winter and summer come suddenly. The summers are short, but as there are sixteen hours of sunlight per day in midsummer, vegetation grows rapidly. Killing frosts often occur in June and return again early in September. High winds are frequent, and prairie houses are often protected by rows of trees called " wind breaks." During the growing season the winds are usually light, but in the late summer and autumn occasional dry, hot, southerly winds (" hot southers ") prove very destructive to vegetation. Tornadoes are not unknown, and local hail storms are frequent in the summer, but do little damage. The total precipitation for the state is 17 or 18 in., the heaviest, about 20 in., occurring in the Red river valley, and the lightest, about 14 in., in the extreme W. While the rainfall is always below the normal amount for humid regions, by far the greater part of it occurs in the spring and summer, and growing crops receive the full benefit. The precipitation rarely amounts to 2 in. for the entire winter. The snows are therefore very light, and are quickly swept from the prairies by the high winds, so that cattle may graze in the open plains throughout the year. There are, however, during every winter from one to four severe blizzards, which inflict great damage upon unprotected flocks and herds.

Soils

As the Red river valley is the bed of the extinct Lake Agassiz, its soil is composed of the fine detritus and silty deposits carried into the lake by its tributaries. Over the whole basin this deposit, to a depth of I or 2 ft., is coloured black by decayed vegetation, and constitutes one of the most fertile tracts on the continent. Being remarkably free from trees, rocks and streams, the soil can be turned in furrows that run perfectly straight for miles, and favours the development of " bonanza farms," where thousands of acres are cultivated in a single field. The soils W. of the valley consist of glacial drift, and are well suited to the growing of grain. The drift becomes thinner toward the W., and finally disappears in the semi-arid regions of the Missouri river valley. In this region the soils of sand and clay are much finer than the drift, and are very productive where the water-supply is sufficient.

Irrigation

Irrigation is confined to the western half of the state, and more especially to the north-west, being employed chiefly in the drainage basin of the Missouri river. The bed of the river is too far below the surrounding country to permit the use of its waters for irrigation purposes by the usual gravity methods. The ordinary process before 1906 was to dam small streams and " coulees "(deep gulches in which water flows intermittently) and flood the surrounding country. The total irrigated area in 1902 was 10,384 acres. The so-called Reclamation Act passed by Congress in 1902 provided for the construction of a system of irrigation works in this and other states by the Federal government. .In 1908 the Federal Reclamation Service had five projects in North Dakota.^ The North Dakota Americas Relocation Home Services members are here to provide you with North Dakota home relocation services and intimate local knowledge that only local North Dakota Realtors might possess.

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The Buford-Trenton, Williston and Nesson projects are situated in Williams county, on the left bank of the Missouri river. The abundant lignite coal in the region was to operate pumps for raising water from the river into canals crossing the valley. The Washburn project was to irrigate 5000 acres in McLean county with water pumped from the Missouri river. .It was estimated that the fourth project, the lower Yellowstone, on the western bank of the river of that name, would furnish water for 66,000 acres of land, of which 20,000 lie in Dawson county, North Dakota, and the rest in Montana.^ Available North Dakota Area Towns: select by town (county) .

.The fifth project, the Bowman, was to irrigate 10,000 acres in North Dakota and the northwestern part of South Dakota by storing the waters of the North Fork of Grand river.^ Grand River (Bowman) .

^ Turtle River (Grand Forks) .

.Water for irrigation purposes is often derived from artesian wells, which are very numerous in the S. and E., particularly in the James river valley.^ James River Valley .

^ James River Valley (Dickey) .

Agriculture

Agriculture is by far the most important industry of the state, and, owing to climatic conditions, it is rigidly limited to a few staple crops. The growing season is too short for maize or Indian corn, which constituted only I. 2% of the acreage of cereals in 1905. No winter wheat can be grown, and the climate is too harsh for the larger fruits, such as apples, pears, peaches, plums and grapes; but such hardy small fruits as currants, gooseberries, raspberries, blackberries and strawberries may be grown in abundance.
The total farm acreage in 1890 was 7,660,333; in 1900, 15,542,640. The value of the farm property in the same decade rose from $ 100 ,745,779 to $255,266,751, and the value of farm products from 1889 to 1899 from $21,264,938 to $64,252,494.
The average size of the farms (excluding farms under 3 acres with products valued at less than $500) was 277.4 acres in 1890 and 343.8 acres in 1900. With regard to tenure, 74.7% of the farms were operated by their owners, 15.2% by part owners and 7.2% by share tenants. Hay and grain formed the principal source of income of 88.4% of the farms, live-stock of 6.7% and dairy produce of 2.6%. Wheat is the state's most important product. In the acreage of this cereal in 1909 (according to the Year-book of the U.S. Department of Agriculture), North Dakota ranked first, and in the crop second among the states of the Union, its total yield being 90,762,000 bushels, valued at $83,501,000. Next in importance to wheat in 1909 was flaxseed, amounting to 14,229,000 bushels, valued at $22,340,000. In the production of this commodity the state ranked first, and produced about 55% of the entire crop of the United States. The flax is cultivated for the seed, and only slightly for the fibre. Other important crops are oats ($16,368,000 in 1906) barley ($8,913,000), hay, potatoes, rye and Indian corn. The value of the various classes of live-stock on the 1st of January 1910 was as follows: horses, $81,168,000; mules, $I,040,000; cattle, $21,001,000; sheep, $2,484,000; swine, $2,266,000. Very little attention is paid to fruit and vegetable growing.

Minerals

.With the exception of lignite, which underlies a large portion of the western half of the state, North Dakota has few mineral deposits of commercial value.^ We are experienced with moving both residential relocation to North Dakota, corporate relocation, employee relocation to North Dakota, commercial relocation to North Dakota and military relocation to North Dakota including the surrounding ND areas.

^ North Dakota (ND) Owner Occupied Housing Units & Values [-] .

Sandstone occurs in large quantities, and W. of the Red river valley granite and gneiss are found, but these materials are not quarried. The coal is all in the form of brown lignite and is not very valuable as a fuel, as it soon crumbles into a fine powder on being exposed to air. The total area of the coal beds is estimated at 35,000 sq. m. A law enacted in 1896 required the use of lignite in all state buildings and institutions. Mining is carried on along the Northern Pacific railway W. of the Missouri river, in the Mouse river valley along the line of the Minneapolis, St Paul & Sault Ste Marie railway, and at a few places in the same region along the line of the Great Northern railway. Good clays for the manufacture of tile and brick are found at numerous places. The total value of the mineral products (except stone) in 1909 was $738,818, of which $522,116 was the value of coal and $206,222 of clay products.

Manufactures

Manufacturing in North Dakota is of small importance, being largely confined, with the exception of flour and grist milling, to the supply of local needs. Under the factory system there were 337 establishments in 1900 and 507 in 1905: the capital invested in 1900 was $3,511,968 and in 1905 $5,703,837; and the value of products was $6,259,840 in 1900 and $10,217,914 (or 63.2% more) in 1905. The products of the flour and grist mills increased in value from $4,134,023 in 1900 to $6,463,228 in 1905, and in this last year constituted in value 63.3% of the total factory products of the state. Printing and publishing was next in importance, with products valued at $719,950 in 1900 and at $1,110,439 in 1905. Butter, cheese and condensed milk manufactured were valued at $122,128 in 1900 and at $562,481 in 1905. The chief manufacturing centres are Fargo and Grand Forks.

Transportation

The total railway mileage within the state on the 31st of December 1908 was 4135.67 m. The main line of the Northern Pacific, from St Paul to Portland, Oregon, enters the state at Fargo and runs almost due W. throughout its length for about 380 m. Parallel with this road, but farther to the N., is the main line of the Great Northern system, running from St Paul to Seattle. The length of its route within the state, from Wahpeton to Buford via Larimore, is about 460 m. Both of these systems have numerous branch lines. The main line of the Minneapolis, St Paul & Sault Ste Marie enters the S.E. corner of the state at Fairmount and ends in the N.W. at Portal, on the international boundary, having in 1909 a length within the state of 361 m. Among its many branches are the " Wheat Line," running from Kenmare, North Dakota, to Thief River Falls, Minnesota, and having a length of 251 m. in the state; and the " Missouri River Line," penetrating the southern and central portions of the state from Hankinson to Garrison, with a length of 282 m. In 1909 the Northern Pacific was building about 140 m. of new track. The Chicago, Milwaukee & St Paul railway, running E. and W. through South Dakota, sends four short branches intb the southern part of North Dakota. The Chicago & NorthWestern also sends a short branch line northward into the state, forming a junction with other lines at Oakes. The Red river is navigable as far S. as Belmont, and the Missouri river is navigable throughout its course within the state, although it requires a skilful pilot.

Population

In 1870 the population of that portion of Dakota Territory included within the present limits of North Dakota was 2405; in 2880, 36,909. The population of the state in 1890 was 182,719; in 1900, 319,146; in 1905, 437,070; in 1910, 583,888. The number of the foreign-born population in 'goo was 113,091, or 35.4%, the highest proportion to be found in any state of the Union. The principal elements composing the white foreign population were as follows: Norwegians 30,206, English Canadians 25,004, Russians 14,979, Germans 22,546, Swedes 8419. The coloured population consisted of 4692 Indians not taxed, 2276 Indians taxed, 286 negroes, 148 Japanese and 32 Chinese. Most of the Indians not taxed live on reservations, of which there are four: Devils Lake Reservation in 1909 had a total area of 243.97 sq. m., a population of 980, consisting of Sisseton, Wahpeton, and Cut Head (or Pabaksa) Sioux; Turtle Mountain' Reservation, in Rolette county, established in 1882, and now allotted (excepting 286 acres for church and school purposes), had a population in 1909 of 2588, being for the most part a mixture of Pembina (or Turtle Mountain) Chippewa with French Canadians; Fort Berthold Reservation in the west central part of the state, on the Missouri river, established in 1870, had in 1909 an area of 2382.4 sq. m., and a population of 399 Arikara (Caddoan), and, of Siouan stock, 453 Hidatsa (or Grosventre) and 252 Mandan Indians; and Standing Rock Reservation, on the western bank of the Missouri river, was established in 1875, and in 1909 contained 2887 2 sq. m. (about three-fifths of which lies in South Dakota and much of which was opened to settlement in 1908-1909) and a population of 3399 Sioux. The population of the state is largely rural. The larger municipalities with the population of each in 1905 were: Fargo (12,512), Grand Forks (10,127), Jamestown (5093), Bismarck, the capital, (4913), Minot (4125), Valley City (4059), Dickinson (3188), Wahpeton (2742), Mandan (2714), Grafton (2423) and Devils Lake (2367); in 1905 there were fifteen other municipalities each with a population of more than 1000. In 1906 the Roman Catholic Church had the largest number of communicants (61,261 out of a total of 259,053 members of all denominations), and there were 59,923 Lutherans.

Administration

The state is governed under its constitution of 1889, as subsequently amended. The governor is chosen biennially, and has a limited pardoning power. He may veto appropriation bills by items, but any of his vetoes may be overruled by a two-thirds vote of each house. The governor and lieutenant-governor must be at least thirty years old. The other administrative officers are a secretary of state, auditor, treasurer, superintendent of public instruction, commissioner of insurance, three commissioners of railways, attorney general and commissioner of agriculture and labour; each of these officers is chosen biennially and must be at least twenty-five years of age. The legislative department consists of a Senate, with members chosen every four years, and about half chosen at each biennial election; and a House of Representatives, with members chosen biennially. The sessions of the legislature are biennial, and are limited to sixty days. The minimum age for senators is twenty-five years and for representatives twenty-one years. Bills may originate in either house. A lieutenant-governor, chosen biennially, presides over the Senate. In 1907 the legislature proposed an amendment providing for the application of initiative and referendum to statutory laws and constitutional amendments; two years later the legislature passed a substitute resolution, which omits the clause regarding amendments of the constitution, and which, if passed by the legislature of 2922 will be put to popular vote at the general election of 1912. The judicial department consists of the supreme court, district courts, county courts, municipal courts, and justices of the peace. The supreme court consists of three judges (minimum age thirty years), chosen by popular vote for six years. Their number may be increased to five whenever the population of the state shall amount to 600,000.
The Devils Lake Reservation and the Turtle Mountain Chippewa are both under the Fort Totten School, which is on the Devils Lake Reservation.
For each judicial district (the tenth district was created in 2907) there is one district judge, elected for four years; the district courts have original jurisdiction (except in probate matters) and certain appellate jurisdiction. The judge of the county court is chosen for two years. This court has exclusive original jurisdiction in probate matters, and in counties with over 2000 inhabitants its jurisdiction may be extended by popular vote to include concurrent jurisdiction with the district courts in civil matters involving amounts less than $2000, and in criminal actions below the grade of felony. Justices of the peace have jurisdiction in civil cases involving no land titles and sums of money not exceeding $200. They may also try misdemeanours in counties without other criminal jurisdiction.
For the administration of local government, the state is divided into counties (46 in 2920). In those counties that have not adopted a township organization county affairs are administered by a board of county commissioners; where the township organization has been adopted the county government is administered by the chairmen of the several township boards. For each county there are a judge, clerk, register of deeds, auditor, treasurer, sheriff and state's attorney.
All citizens of the United States residing in North Dakota are declared to be citizens of the state. The right of suffrage is confined by the constitution to males twenty-one years of age, who are citizens of the United States or have declared their intention of becoming citizens, and who have resided in the state one year, in the county six months, and in the voting precinct ninety days preceding the election. Civilized Indians who have severed their tribal relations two years before an election are entitled to vote. Women may vote for all school officers and upon all questions relating solely to school matters, and are eligible to any school office.
Amendments to the constitution must be passed by both houses of the legislature at two consecutive sessions, and must then be ratified by popular vote. By this arrangement a period of nearly four years usually elapses between the proposal and the final ratification of an amendment.
The amount of homestead exempt from seizure for debt is limited in value to $5000, and may not include more than two acres in a town plot or more than 260 acres elsewhere. The exemption is not valid against a debt created for the purchase money, or against taxes levied on the property, or against mechanics' or labourers' liens for work done or material furnished for improvements, or against a mortgage acknowledged by both husband and wife. The grounds for absolute divorce are adultery, cruelty, desertion (one year), neglect (one year), habitual drunkenness (one year) and conviction for felony; residence in the state for one year is required before application for divorce.
North Dakota is one of the few American states whose constitution forbids the manufacture, importation 2 or sale of intoxicating liquors. Attempts to secure the repeal of this provision have been unsuccessful. Apothecaries may secure a licence to sell liquors for purely medicinal purposes upon a petition signed by twentyfive reputable free-holders and twenty-five reputable women. In 1909 the advertisement of liquors, solicitation of orders for liquors, and the sale of cigarettes to minors were prohibited.

Education

At the head of the public school system is a superintendent of public instruction, chosen for two years. He, with the governor and the president of the state university, constitutes a high-school board, having supervision of the secondary schools. In each county there is a county superintendent, elected biennially, and in each school district a board of directors. The proceeds of the sale of public lands donated to the state for educational purposes, and all escheats to the state, constitute a trust fund, the interest from which, with the proceeds of all fines for the violation of state laws, is annually apportioned among the school districts according to the school population; the total apportionment from the State Tuition Fund in 1908 was $357,238. This income is supplemented by local taxation. The minimum school term allowed by law is six Before the law passed by the first Legislative Assembly of the state to carry out this provision could come into effect, it was partially annulled by the decision of the United States Supreme Court in the case of Leisy v. Hardin (2890), in which the court held that liquor might be imported into any state and sold in the original package without reference to local prohibitory or restrictive laws.
months, and the schools are open to all pupils between the ages of six and twenty-one years. For children between the ages of eight and fourteen attendance for twelve weeks, six being consecutive, is compulsory. The total enrolment in the public schools in 1908 was 131,582, with an average daily attendance of 90,419. Educational facilities are also furnished by the state through university and school of mines at University, near Grand Forks, normal schools (opened in 1890) at Valley City and Mayville, an agricultural college and experiment station (1890) at Fargo, a normal and industrial school (opened in 1899) at Ellendale, a school for the deaf (1890) at Devils Lake, a scientific school (opened in 1903) at Wahpeton, and a school of forestry at Bottineau. Fargo College at Fargo, founded in 1887 by Congregationalists, is now non-sectarian. The Methodist Episcopal Church maintains Wesley College near Grand Forks (formerly the Red River Valley University at Wahpeton), affiliated with the state university. There is a state library commission. The state supports a hospital for the insane at Jamestown, an institution for the feeble-minded at Grafton, a home for old soldiers at Lisbon, a blind asylum at Bathgate, a reform school (opened 1902) at Mandan and a penitentiary at Bismarck. There is a state sanatorium for tuberculosis (1909).

Finance

The chief source of revenue for the state, counties and municipalities is the general property tax. There are no special corporation taxes, but licence-charges are levied upon express and sleeping-car companies, and a tax is laid on the premiums of insurance companies. No poll tax is levied for state purposes, but counties are authorized to levy such a tax for school purposes. There are boards of equalization and review for the state, counties and municipalities. The state board fixes the rate of the state tax. For defraying the expenses of the state government, exclusive of the interest on the bonded debt, the tax rate is limited by the constitution to four mills on the dollar of assessed valuation. The state debt, excluding the amount of Territorial indebtedness assumed when Dakota Territory was divided, may not exceed $200,000. Local indebtedness is limited to 5% of the assessed value of the local property, but incorporated cities may by special vote increase this limit. The total bonded debt of the state on the 31st of October 1908 was $642,300, and was incurred for the most part for the construction of public buildings during the Territorial period. At the close of the fiscal year ending on the 31st of October 1908, the receipts for the year amounted to $3,259,668, the expenditures to $3,47 6, 0 73 and the balance in the treasury to $582,905.

History

The first attempts to establish permanent settlements in what is now North Dakota were made by traders of the Hudson's Bay Company, who began their operations in the Red river valley about 1793.1 In 1797 C. J. B. Chaboillez, a French trader in the service of the North-West Fur Company, built a trading post on the southern bank of the Pembina river, near its mouth, but this was soon abandoned. Three years later Alexander Henry, the younger (d. 1814), built two trading posts in the present limits of the state for this company, one on the western bank of the Red river near the Park river, where he lived until 1808. David Thompson (1770-1857), an employee at different times of the Hudson's Bay and North-West Fur companies, explored the region of the Missouri river in 1797-1798, and thus anticipated the work of Lewis and Clark, who entered the present limits of the state in 1804 and wintered among the Mandans,constructingFortMandan in what is nowMcLean county. In 1801 John Cameron (d. 1804) erected a trading post for the North-West Fur Company on the site of the present Grand Forks.
The firstreal homeseekers to enter the state of whom there is any record were a colony of Scottish Highlanders who had first settled at Kildonan (Winnipeg) in 1812 under a grant from the Hudson's Bay Company to Thomas Douglas, 5th earl of Selkirk. A part of the Winnipeg colony soon migrated southward and settled on the site of the present city of Pembina, at the mouth of the Pembina river, which they thought to be in British territory, and named the settlement Fort Daer. When Major Stephen H. Long, commanding an exploring expedition to the Minnesota and Red rivers, reached Fort Daer in 1823, he found there about six hundred persons, a few being Scotch, but the greater part being half-breeds.
North Dakota formed part of the region ceded by France to the United States by the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. From 1803 to 1805 it was included in the District of Louisiana, and from 1805 to 1812 it was a part of the Louisiana Territory, the name of which was changed to Missouri Territory in 1812. In 1834 1 There seems to be no good authority for the statement often made that the first settlement in North Dakota was made by French Canadians in 1780.
that part of the present state E. of the Missouri river was included in the newly organized Territory of Michigan, and became successively a part of Wisconsin Territory in 1836, of Iowa Territory in 1838, and of Minnesota Territory in 1849. In 1854 the Territory of Nebraska was organized from a portion of the Missouri Territory, and the part of the Dakotas W. of the Missouri, then locally called " Mandan Territory," was included in its limits. After Minnesota entered the Union, in 1858, the country between the Red and the Missouri rivers had no Territorial government for three years, but the inhabitants formed a provisional government. On the 2nd of March 1861 the Territory of Dakota was created, including the present Dakotas and portions of Wyoming and Montana. The seat of the Territorial government was fixed at Yankton, and remained there until 1883, when it was removed to Bismarck. The name of the Territory was derived from the Dakota Indians; the word " Dah-ko-ta " (signifying " allied " or " confederated "), being originally applied to the Sioux Confederation. In 1863 when Idaho Territory was formed, the boundaries of the Dakotas were fixed at practically their present limits. The boundary between Dakota Territory and Nebraska was slightly altered in 1870 and 1882. The Territory had hardly been organized before its settlement was impeded by the Civil War without and by Indian troubles within. In 1862 the Indians began a series of bloody massacres along the frontiers of Minnesota and Dakota. .In the following year General Alfred Sully (1821-1879), commanding United States troops, marched up the Missouri river as far as Bismarck, and thence to the valley of the James river.^ James River Valley .
  • North-Dakota Business Directory, Indexed By County, Real Estate, Apartments, Genealogy, FREE LISTINGS 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.uscounties.com [Source type: General]

On the 3rd of September 1863 with 1200 men he routed 2000 Sioux near the present town of Ellendale, in Dickey county, in an engagement called the battle of White Stone Hills. Four hundred warriors were slain, and a great number were captured. In 1864 Sully defeated the Sioux at the battle of Takaakwta, or Deer Woods, on the Knife river, and a few days later he again encountered them, and after a desperate struggle of three days administered a crushing defeat; the warriors abandoned their provisions and escaped into the Bad Lands. The Indians still remained hostile, however, and in 1865 Sully found it necessary to conduct his troops N. as far as Devils Lake, and thence W. to the Cannon Ball river. By these operations the Indian frontier was fixed W. of the Missouri river, and forts and garrisons were placed along this stream. The worst of the Indian troubles in northern Dakota were then at an end, though for many years there were occasional outbreaks.
A period of rapid development in the Red river basin followed the entrance of the Northern Pacific railway into this region in 187 2. At the election in November 1887 the question of the division of the Territory into two states at the " seventh standard parallel " was submitted to the people, and was carried at the polls. In accordance with the Enabling Act, which received the president's approval on the 22nd of February 1889, a constitutional convention met at Bismarck on the 4th of July following, and drafted a frame of government for the state of North Dakota. In October this was ratified at the polls. The chief interest in the election turned on the prohibition clause in the constitution, which was submitted separately, and received a majority of only 1159 votes. On the 2nd of November 1889 President Harrison issued a proclamation declaring North Dakota a state. By an agreement between North and South Dakota, embodied in their constitutions, each state assumed the debt created for the erection of public buildings within its limits during the Territorial period.
In the development of the state since its admission into the Union the railways have been an important factor. .In 1894 they inaugurated the so-called " concentration movement," and began to conduct annual excursions into North Dakota, thus bringing into the state thousands of immigrants.^ State of North Dakota .
  • North-Dakota Business Directory, Indexed By County, Real Estate, Apartments, Genealogy, FREE LISTINGS 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.uscounties.com [Source type: General]

They have also adopted the policy of selecting favourable town-sites on the uninhabited prairie, erecting grain elevators at such points, and furnishing transportation facilities by means of branch roads tapping the main lines of travel. Under this system prosperous towns and villages have sprung up among the prairies.
William Jayne Terr torial Governors.'
.
1861-1863
Newton Edmunds .
1863-1866
Andrew J. Faulk. .
1866-1869
John A. Burbank. .
1869-1874
John L. Pennington
1874-1878
William A. Howard' .
1878-1880
Nehemiah G. Ordway. .
1880-1884
Gilbert A. Pierce . .
1884-1887
Louis K. Church. .
1887-1889
Arthur C. Melette .
1889
State Governors.
John Miller.. Republican
1889-1891
Andrew B. Burke „
1891-1893
Eli C. D. Shortridge. Democratic
1893-1895
Roger Allin Republican
1895-1897
Frank A. Briggs .
1897-1898
Joseph M. Devine 4
1898-1899
Frederick B. Fancher
1899-1901
Frank White
1901-1905
Elmore Y. Sarles. „
1905-1907
John Burke. .. .. Democratic
1907-
In politics the state has been Republican, except in 1892, when the Democrats and Populists combined; in 1906, 1908 and 1910 Bibliography. - Description: The State of North Dakota: The Statistical, Historical and Political Abstract (Aberdeen, S.D., 1889), prepared by Frank H. Hagerty, Commissioner of Immigration; North Dakota: A Few Facts concerning its Resources and Advantages (Bismarck, 1892), prepared by the Commissioner of Agriculture and Labour; Glimpses of North Dakota (Buffalo, 1901), published by the North Dakota Pan-American Exposition Company; The Story of the Prairies; or, The Landscape Geology of North Dakota (Chicago, 1902), by D. E. Willard; Explorations in the Dakota Country in the Year 1855 (Senate Ex. Doc. No. 76, 34 Cong., I Sess., Washington, 1856) by G. K. Warren; Report on the Geology and Resources of the Region in the Vicinity of the Forty-Ninth Parallel (Montreal, 1875), by George M. Dawson; United States Geological Survey of the Territories. Annual Report for 1872, containing The Physical Geography and Agricultural Resources of Minnesota, Dakota and Nebraska (Washington, 1873), by Cyrus Thomas; publications by the U.S. Geological Survey (consult the bibliographies in Bulletins, Nos. 100, 177 and 301).
Fauna and Flora: United States Geological Survey of the Territories: Miscellaneous Publications,No.3, Birds of the North-west (Washington, 1874), by Elliot Coues; publications by the United States Geological Survey (consult the bibliographies in Bulletins, Nos. loo, 177, 301); and Wallace Craig, " North Dakota Life: Plant, Animal and Human," in Nos. 6 and 7 (June and July) of vol. xl. (1908) of the Bulletin of the American Geographical Society (New York).
History: " Historical Sketch of North and South Dakota," in South Dakota State Historical Society Collections (1902), i. 23-162, by W. M. Blackburn; Illustrated Album of Biography of the Famous Valley of the Red River of the North and the Park Regions, including the most Fertile and Widely Known Portions of Minnesota and North Dakota (Chicago, 1889) New Light on the Earlier History of the Greater North-west. The Manuscript Journals of Alexander Henry and David Thompson, 1799-1814, edited by Elliot Coues (3 vols., New York, 1897).


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Map of US highlighting North Dakota

Etymology

EB1911A-pict1.png This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this word, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
North Dakota
Plural
-
  1. A state of the United States of America. Capital: Bismarck.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

State of North Dakota
Flag of North Dakota State seal of North Dakota
Flag of North Dakota SealImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Nickname(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif: Peace Garden State,
Roughrider State, Flickertail State
Motto(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif: Liberty and union;
Strength from the soil
Map of the United States with North Dakota highlighted
Official language(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif English
CapitalImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Bismarck
Largest cityImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Fargo
AreaImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  Ranked 19thImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
 - Total 70,762 sq miImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
(183,272 km²Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif)
 - Width 210 miles (340 kmImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif)
 - Length 340 miles (545 km)
 - % water 2.4
 - Latitude 45° 56′ N to 49° 00′ N
 - Longitude 96° 33′ W to 104° 03′ W
PopulationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  Ranked 48thImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
 - Total (2000Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif) 642,200
 - DensityImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif 9.30/sq mi 
3.592/km² (47th)
ElevationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  
 - Highest point White Butte[1]
3,506 ft  (1,069 m)
 - Mean 1,903 ft  (580 m)
 - Lowest point Red River[1]
750 ft  (229 m)
Admission to UnionImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  November 2, 1889 (39th)
GovernorImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif John Hoeven (R)
U.S. SenatorsImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Kent Conrad (D)
Byron Dorgan (D)
Congressional DelegationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif ListImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Time zonesImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  
 - most of state Central: UTC-6/-5
 - southwest Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Abbreviations NDImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif US-NDImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Web site www.nd.gov
.North Dakota (IPA: /ˌnɔrθdəˈkoʊtə/) is a state located in the Midwestern and Western regions of the United States of America.^ Locations Include: North Dakota, nationwide .
  • RNinsider: North Dakota Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in ND 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

^ According to the National Science Foundation, NDSU is the largest research institution in the state of North Dakota and is also among the top 100 research universities in the United States in six research categories including both federal and non-federal research expenditures.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ North Dakota State can trace its beginnings back to 1890, when the governor devoted one squire mile of land to the North Dakota Agricultural College and Agricultural Experiment Station.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

.The 19th largest state by area in the U.S., it is the 48th most populous, with just over 640,000 residents as of 2006. North Dakota was carved out of the northern half of the Dakota Territory and admitted to the Union as the 39th state on November 2, 1889.^ The population of Fargo is just over 90,000.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ North Dakota State can trace its beginnings back to 1890, when the governor devoted one squire mile of land to the North Dakota Agricultural College and Agricultural Experiment Station.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Please submit only comments, concerns, or criticism about North Dakota State University-Main Campus to be posted on this website.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

.The Missouri River flows through the western part of the state and forms Lake Sakakawea behind the Garrison Dam.^ Together, it is one of the three largest man-made reservoirs in the nation with a surface area of about 368,000 acres and it reaches 178 miles upstream to Williston, ND. It was formed by the damming of the Missouri River with the construction of Garrison Dam in the 1950's.

^ For more info on the NCT within Lake Sakakawea State Park, contact Park Manager and NCT friend Jon Tunge at: .

^ Overlook Trail, which takes off on the left and then loops back to the NCT. The Overlook Trail offers some of the best views of the Lake and Garrison Dam in the park.

The western half of the state is hilly and contains lignite coal and oil. .In the east, the Red River forms the Red River Valley, holding fertile farmland.^ This canal was built to take Missouri River water east from the Lonetree storage reservoir (never built) to the Sheyenne River which would take it onto the Red River valley in southeastern North Dakota.

^ When summer finally comes to the Red River Valley of the North (notice I said ‘when’ not ‘if’), I have in mind to do some gentle, easy-to-accomplish activities with the grandchildren.

^ Snow rolls into Red River Valley; river level drops .
  • North Dakota: News & Videos about North Dakota - CNN.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

.Agriculture has long dominated the economy and culture of North Dakota.^ North Dakota State can trace its beginnings back to 1890, when the governor devoted one squire mile of land to the North Dakota Agricultural College and Agricultural Experiment Station.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ North Dakota State University was founded as an agricultural college/land-grant institution.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The commercial transport of agricultural and other goods throughout the state of North Dakota and the surrounding region is an important component of the region’s economy.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The state capital is Bismarck and the largest city in the state is Fargo.^ Prime territories for starting a franchise include Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks and many locations are still available throughout the state.
  • North Dakota Franchises - ND Business Opportunities 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.franchise.com [Source type: News]

^ North Dakota State University (NDSU) is a public university in Fargo, North Dakota, U.S. It is the second largest school in the eleven campus North Dakota University System.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

.The primary public universities are located in Grand Forks and Fargo.^ Prime territories for starting a franchise include Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks and many locations are still available throughout the state.
  • North Dakota Franchises - ND Business Opportunities 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.franchise.com [Source type: News]

^ North Dakota State University (NDSU) is a public university in Fargo, North Dakota, U.S. It is the second largest school in the eleven campus North Dakota University System.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ About 120 people participated in the meetings held at Devils Lake, Grand Forks, Jamestown, Fargo, Minot, Williston and Bismarck (Dickinson meeting not yet held at time of publication).

.The United States Air Force operates bases at both Minot and Grand Forks.^ Grand Forks AFB - For base families.

^ Prime territories for starting a franchise include Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks and many locations are still available throughout the state.
  • North Dakota Franchises - ND Business Opportunities 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.franchise.com [Source type: News]

^ While most of these companies are based in North Dakota, an effort was made to identify commercial operators based in neighboring states who have operations in North Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Geography

Main article: Geography of North Dakota
See also: List of North Dakota counties
Map of North Dakota
.North Dakota is considered to be in the U.S. regions known as the Upper Midwest and the Great Plains.^ MIDWEST Jan 15 2010 9:42PM MIDWEST Minnesota 3, North Dakota 3, tie (Copyright 2010 by The Associated Press.
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Minot North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Bismarck Mandan North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]

^ MIDWEST Jan 16 2010 9:35PM MIDWEST Minnesota 5, North Dakota 1 (Copyright 2010 by The Associated Press.
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Minot North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Bismarck Mandan North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]

^ The commercial transport of agricultural and other goods throughout the state of North Dakota and the surrounding region is an important component of the region’s economy.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The state shares the Red River of the North with Minnesota on the east; South Dakota is to the south, Montana is to the west, and the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba are north.^ North Dakota State University is located just across the Red River from Moorhead, Minnesota.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Minnesota residents paid only a few hundred dollars a semester more for tuition, and residents of many western states and the Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan have reduced out-of-state tuition.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ When summer finally comes to the Red River Valley of the North (notice I said ‘when’ not ‘if’), I have in mind to do some gentle, easy-to-accomplish activities with the grandchildren.

.With 70,762 square miles (183,273 km2), [2] North Dakota is the 19th largest state.^ North Dakota State can trace its beginnings back to 1890, when the governor devoted one squire mile of land to the North Dakota Agricultural College and Agricultural Experiment Station.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Please submit only comments, concerns, or criticism about North Dakota State University-Main Campus to be posted on this website.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Rotary club search Nonprofit groups Lions clubs in North Dakota Kiwanis clubs in North Dakota Foundations (by name) Community foundations (by state) North Dakota Chambers of Commerce Parks & recreation .
  • North Dakota, North Dakota (ND) - Sperling's BestPlaces 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3]
.The western half of the state consists of the hilly Great Plains, and the northern part of the Badlands to the west of the Missouri River.^ Soak up the great outdoors and enjoy wildlife among a variety of settings including lakes and rivers, unexpected wooded valleys, prairie vistas and rugged badlands.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ Become part of cultural celebrations including the Ukranian Festival, the Northern Plains Heritage Festival, the Taylor Horsefest and the Roughrider Days Fair and Expo Rodeo.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

.The state's high point, White Butte at 3,506 feet (1,069 m), and Theodore Roosevelt National Park[4] are located in the Badlands.^ ND remains one of the most restrictive states in the nation to home school and the only state with parental qualifications above a high school diploma or G.E.D. .

^ Infusion Partners, Inc., is a regional provider of high-tech intravenous therapy with multiple locations throughout the state.
  • RNinsider: North Dakota Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in ND 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

^ Theodore Roosevelt Nat'l Park/Badlands/Medora .
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

The region is abundant in fossil fuels including crude oil and lignite coal. .The Missouri River forms Lake Sakakawea, the third largest man-made lake in the United States, behind the Garrison Dam.^ Profitable Franchised Hair Salon Fantastic Sams is one of the largest full service hair salons in the United States with over 1350 locations.
  • North Dakota Business for Sale Ads - North Dakota Businesses for Sale & Business Brokers - Sell a Business on Business Broker 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.businessbroker.net [Source type: News]

^ Summer draws anglers to Devils Lake which Field and Stream Magazine listed among the Top 10 Best Walleye Lakes in the United States.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

[5]
.The central region of the state is divided into the Drift Prairie and the Missouri Plateau.^ The State of North Dakota is divided into 8 Districts, and telephone interviews have been conducted with maintenance personnel in each of these districts.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This area is covered in lakes, slough, and rolling hills.^ Nestled among rolling emerald hills in central North Dakota is the sparkling jewel that is called Devils Lake.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

[6] The Turtle Mountains are located along the Manitoba border. .The geographic center of the North American continent is located near the city of Rugby.^ Rugby is in the heart of it all lying at the geographical center of North America.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ Visit fabulous birding destinations, the lush Turtle Mountains, and the geographical center of North America.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ National Council on Independent Living Independent living centers in North Dakota Americans with Disabilities Act Economy .
  • North Dakota, North Dakota (ND) - Sperling's BestPlaces 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7]
.The eastern part of the state consists of the flat Red River Valley, the bottom of glacial Lake Agassiz.^ Near-by attractions include Buffalo River State Park, a dude ranch, an air museum, several historical sites, the Fargodome, a winery, an art museum, the Red River Valley Speedway, and the Roger Maris Museum.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ If you're towards the eastern side of the state, it would be much easier to go across the river to (my home state) Minnesota.
  • North Dakota abortion ban passes House - Feministing 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota State University is located just across the Red River from Moorhead, Minnesota.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

.Its fertile soil, drained by the meandering Red River flowing northward into Lake Winnipeg, supports a large agriculture industry.^ In General: North Dakota's state income is highly dependent upon its farming, which is strongly supported by the state's fertile soil.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Enjoy the rich agricultural history of the Red River Valley; take a drive along the Sheyenne River Valley Scenic Highway.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

[8] .Devil's Lake, the largest natural lake in the state, is also found in the east.^ Summer draws anglers to Devils Lake which Field and Stream Magazine listed among the Top 10 Best Walleye Lakes in the United States.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

[7]

Climate

Main article: Climate of North Dakota
.North Dakota endures temperature extremes characteristic of its continental climate; with cold winters and hot summers, the record high and low span 181 °F (83 °C).^ Learn about home based businesses, low cost and cheap franchises, and all business opportunities available in North Dakota.
  • North Dakota franchises for sale - Franchise Gator.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.franchisegator.com [Source type: General]

^ However, what is true for other high-regulation states is likely true for North Dakota, as well.

^ North Dakota’s chief educator, Dr. Wayne Sanstead, Superintendent of Public Instruction, boasts about the restricted freedoms from high regulation of homeschoolers in North Dakota.

[9] Meteorological events include rain, snow, hail, blizzards, polar fronts, tornadoes, thunderstorms, and high-velocity straight-line winds. Depending on location, average annual precipitation ranges from 14 in (35.6 cm) to 22 in (55.9 cm).[10]
.Springtime flooding is a relatively common event in the Red River Valley, due to the river flowing north into Canada.^ When summer finally comes to the Red River Valley of the North (notice I said ‘when’ not ‘if’), I have in mind to do some gentle, easy-to-accomplish activities with the grandchildren.

^ North Dakota State University is located just across the Red River from Moorhead, Minnesota.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Come explore the Red River of the North and enjoy Drayton's warm hospitality.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

The spring melt and the eventual runoff typically begins earlier in the southern part of the valley than in the northern part.[11] .The most destructive flooding in eastern North Dakota occurred in 1997, which caused extensive damage to Grand Forks.^ The United States Air Force operates bases at both Minot and Grand Forks in North Dakota.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was important to know how extensively CVO operations are affected by road restrictions, so they were asked to indicate what percent of their annual shipments occur during the months of March through June when the restrictions are typically in place in North Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most-stolen vehicles in North Dakota Arrests and Crime Data Deaths .
  • North Dakota, North Dakota (ND) - Sperling's BestPlaces 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12]

History

.Prior to European contact, Native Americans inhabited North Dakota for thousands of years.^ Witness the natural features that define North Dakota's landscape and heritage and get a glimpse into the lives of Native Americans, Lewis and Clark, trappers, traders, homesteaders and ranchers who make up the fascinating history of the area.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ Contact KXNet.com Part of the KXNet.com North Dakota News Network Dickinson News - KXMA .
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Minot North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Bismarck Mandan North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]

^ Tuition at North Dakota State University was $3,981 for the 2004-2005 academic year for in-state, undergraduate students attending full-time.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

.The first European to reach the area was the French-Canadian trader La Vérendrye, who led an exploration party to Mandan villages in 1738.[13] The trading arrangement between tribes was such that North Dakota tribes rarely dealt directly with Europeans.^ Location, Location, Location…: Located in the midwestern region of the U.S., North Dakota is the 19th largest state by area in the US, carved out of the northern half of the Dakota Territory.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Witness the natural features that define North Dakota's landscape and heritage and get a glimpse into the lives of Native Americans, Lewis and Clark, trappers, traders, homesteaders and ranchers who make up the fascinating history of the area.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ While most of these companies are based in North Dakota, an effort was made to identify commercial operators based in neighboring states who have operations in North Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, the native tribes were in sufficient contact that by the time that Lewis and Clark entered North Dakota in 1804, they were aware of the French and then Spanish claims to their territory.^ Location, Location, Location…: Located in the midwestern region of the U.S., North Dakota is the 19th largest state by area in the US, carved out of the northern half of the Dakota Territory.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Townships: North Dakota townships 1 North Dakota townships 2 North Dakota townships 3 We are giving away a $200 prize - enter simply by sending us your own pictures of this state!
  • North Dakota Bigger Cities (over 6000 residents) - Real Estate, Housing, Schools, Residents, Crime, Pollution, Demographics and More 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: General]

^ Lewis and Clark's Corps of Discovery entered North Dakota in mid-October 1804, wintered here and ventured west in April 1805, stepping off the map of their known world.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

[14]
.Much of present-day North Dakota was included in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803.^ We are experienced with moving both residential relocation to North Dakota, corporate relocation, employee relocation to North Dakota, commercial relocation to North Dakota and military relocation to North Dakota including the surrounding ND areas.

^ North Dakota State is also part of the Tri-College University, including Concordia College and Minnesota State University Moorhead, and students can take courses at either of the other two schools.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The comprehensive North Dakota Travel Guide covers all this and so much more.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

Much of acquired land was organized into Minnesota and Nebraska Territories. .Dakota Territory, making up present-day North and South Dakota, along with parts of present-day Wyoming and Montana, was organized on March 2, 1861.^ Location, Location, Location…: Located in the midwestern region of the U.S., North Dakota is the 19th largest state by area in the US, carved out of the northern half of the Dakota Territory.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Witness the natural features that define North Dakota's landscape and heritage and get a glimpse into the lives of Native Americans, Lewis and Clark, trappers, traders, homesteaders and ranchers who make up the fascinating history of the area.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ A Closer Look: Large medical centers are found in North Dakota along with the operation centers for several major corporations.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[15] .Dakota Territory was settled sparsely until the late 1800s, when the railroads entered the region and aggressively marketed the land.^ Location, Location, Location…: Located in the midwestern region of the U.S., North Dakota is the 19th largest state by area in the US, carved out of the northern half of the Dakota Territory.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A bill for statehood for North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Washington titled the Enabling Act of 1889 was passed on February 22, 1889 during the administration of Grover Cleveland.^ The integration component has been essentially overtaken by the recent introduction and deployment of a new 511 traveler information system throughout North and South Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The stakeholders in both North and South Dakota who were part of the project’s integration team were sidetracked by these events as well.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The award was presented during the South Dakota Grain .
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Minot North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Bismarck Mandan North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]

.After Cleveland left office, it was left to his successor, Benjamin Harrison, to sign proclamations formally admitting North and South Dakota to the Union on November 2, 1889.^ The integration component has been essentially overtaken by the recent introduction and deployment of a new 511 traveler information system throughout North and South Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The stakeholders in both North and South Dakota who were part of the project’s integration team were sidetracked by these events as well.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On April 22, 2009, Governor John Hoeven signed into law House Bill 1171, making significant improvements in North Dakota’s homeschool law.

[16] .The rivalry between the two new states presented a dilemma of which was to be admitted first.^ Usually between 20 and 40 days after you file your petition, the trustee will hold the "first meeting of creditors" (also called a "341" meeting ).You must be present for that meeting.
  • Bankruptcy in North Dakota - Lawyers.com 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC research.lawyers.com [Source type: General]

.Harrison directed Secretary of State James G. Blaine to shuffle the papers and obscure from him which he was signing first and the actual order went unrecorded.^ Notice must be given in the manner appropriate under rules of civil procedure for the service of process in a civil action in this state or in any manner the court by order directs.

.However, since North Dakota alphabetically appears before South Dakota, its proclamation was published first in the Statutes At Large.^ A Closer Look: Since 1990 North Dakota has experience a steady decline in its population, perhaps as a result of an apparent lack of skilled jobs for college graduates.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Closer Look: Large medical centers are found in North Dakota along with the operation centers for several major corporations.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The integration component has been essentially overtaken by the recent introduction and deployment of a new 511 traveler information system throughout North and South Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since that day, it has become common to list the Dakotas alphabetically and thus North Dakota is usually listed as the 39th state.^ North Dakota also leads all other states in the production of barley and sunflower seeds and is a leader in the production of flaxseed (linseed oil).
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota State can trace its beginnings back to 1890, when the governor devoted one squire mile of land to the North Dakota Agricultural College and Agricultural Experiment Station.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A Closer Look: Since 1990 North Dakota has experience a steady decline in its population, perhaps as a result of an apparent lack of skilled jobs for college graduates.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, no one will actually know which of the Dakotas was admitted first.[17][18]
The corruption in the early territorial and state governments led to a wave of populism led by the Non Partisan League brought social reforms in the early 20th century.[19] .The original North Dakota State Capitol burned to the ground on December 28, 1930, and was replaced by a limestone faced art deco skyscraper that still stands today.^ North Dakota also leads all other states in the production of barley and sunflower seeds and is a leader in the production of flaxseed (linseed oil).
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota State can trace its beginnings back to 1890, when the governor devoted one squire mile of land to the North Dakota Agricultural College and Agricultural Experiment Station.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Please submit only comments, concerns, or criticism about North Dakota State University-Main Campus to be posted on this website.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

[20]
.A round of federal construction projects began in the 1950s including the Garrison Dam, and the Minot and Grand Forks Air Force bases.^ Grand Forks AFB - For base families.

^ The United States Air Force operates bases at both Minot and Grand Forks in North Dakota.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21] .There was a boom in oil exploration in western North Dakota in the 1980s, as rising petroleum prices made development profitable.^ North Dakota also leads all other states in the production of barley and sunflower seeds and is a leader in the production of flaxseed (linseed oil).
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I easily make as much in North Dakota as I made in Mn.
  • North Dakota, North Dakota (ND) - Sperling's BestPlaces 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Western Region Kit request this kit From breathtaking Badlands to majestic Lake Sakakawea, Western North Dakota is brimming with adventure.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

[22]

Demographics

Population

North Dakota population density
.From fewer than 3,000 people in 1870, North Dakota's population grew to near 680,000 by 1930. Growth then slowed, and the population has fluctuated slightly over the next seven decades, hitting a low of 619,636 in the 1950 census, with a total of 642,200 in the 2000 census.^ As of 2009, North Dakota's population is 639,715 people.
  • North Dakota, North Dakota (ND) - Sperling's BestPlaces 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ National forests in North Dakota People .
  • North Dakota, North Dakota (ND) - Sperling's BestPlaces 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Closer Look: Since 1990 North Dakota has experience a steady decline in its population, perhaps as a result of an apparent lack of skilled jobs for college graduates.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.[23] As of July 1, 2006, the state's population was estimated at 635,867 by the U.S. Census Bureau.^ North Dakota Careers: The 2008 U.S. Census estimated North Dakota’s population at almost 650,000, a slight decrease since 2000.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Population : 641,481 (-0.1% increase since 2000) – 49.8% Female, 50.2% Male (2008 U.S. Census Bureau).
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24]

Emigration

.Since the 1990s, North Dakota has experienced virtually constant decline in population, particularly among younger people with university degrees.^ As of 2009, North Dakota's population is 639,715 people.
  • North Dakota, North Dakota (ND) - Sperling's BestPlaces 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ National forests in North Dakota People .
  • North Dakota, North Dakota (ND) - Sperling's BestPlaces 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Closer Look: Since 1990 North Dakota has experience a steady decline in its population, perhaps as a result of an apparent lack of skilled jobs for college graduates.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25] .One of the major causes of outmigration in North Dakota looms from a lack of skilled jobs for graduates.^ North Dakota State can trace its beginnings back to 1890, when the governor devoted one squire mile of land to the North Dakota Agricultural College and Agricultural Experiment Station.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A Closer Look: Since 1990 North Dakota has experience a steady decline in its population, perhaps as a result of an apparent lack of skilled jobs for college graduates.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Closer Look: Large medical centers are found in North Dakota along with the operation centers for several major corporations.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Some propose the expansion of economic development programs to create skilled and high-tech jobs; however, the effectiveness of such programs has been open to debate.[26]
.As the issue is common to several High Plains states, federal politcians including Senator Byron Dorgan, have proposed The New Homestead Act of 2007 to encourage living in areas losing population through incentives such as tax breaks.^ Best kept secret : I moved away from the Mpls/St.Paul area as the cost of living was too high in comparison to the wages.
  • North Dakota, North Dakota (ND) - Sperling's BestPlaces 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27]

Race and ancestry

Most North Dakotans are of Northern European descent. .The five largest ancestry groups in North Dakota are: German (43.9%), Norwegian (30.1%), Irish (7.7%), Native American (5%), Swedish (5%).^ North Dakota State University (NDSU) is a public university in Fargo, North Dakota, U.S. It is the second largest school in the eleven campus North Dakota University System.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Location, Location, Location…: Located in the midwestern region of the U.S., North Dakota is the 19th largest state by area in the US, carved out of the northern half of the Dakota Territory.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Home School Support Groups in North Dakota .

[28]
.2.47% of the population aged 5 and over speak German at home, while 1.37% speak Spanish, according to the 2000 U.S. Census.^ North Dakota Careers: The 2008 U.S. Census estimated North Dakota’s population at almost 650,000, a slight decrease since 2000.
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Population : 641,481 (-0.1% increase since 2000) – 49.8% Female, 50.2% Male (2008 U.S. Census Bureau).
  • North Dakota Career, Job Search and Employment Resources - Careers.org 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC north-dakota.careers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29]
The state's racial composition in 2005 was:[30]

Religion

.North Dakota has the lowest percentage of non-religious people of any state, and it also has the most churches per capita of any state.^ National forests in North Dakota People .
  • North Dakota, North Dakota (ND) - Sperling's BestPlaces 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota State can trace its beginnings back to 1890, when the governor devoted one squire mile of land to the North Dakota Agricultural College and Agricultural Experiment Station.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Please submit only comments, concerns, or criticism about North Dakota State University-Main Campus to be posted on this website.
  • North Dakota State University-Main Campus Information, Academics, History, Financial Aid, Alumni, Campus, Students, Faculty, Address, and Tuition - a StateUniversity.com profile 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC northdakota.stateuniversity.com [Source type: Academic]

[31][32]
.A 2001 survey indicated that 35% of North Dakota's population was Lutheran, and 30% was Roman Catholic.^ As of 2009, North Dakota's population is 639,715 people.
  • North Dakota, North Dakota (ND) - Sperling's BestPlaces 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 2009 North Dakota, ND, population is 639,715.
  • North Dakota, North Dakota (ND) - Sperling's BestPlaces 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are 91 physicians per 100,000 population in North Dakota, ND. The US average is 170.
  • North Dakota, North Dakota (ND) - Sperling's BestPlaces 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.bestplaces.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Other religious groups represented were Methodists (7%), Baptists (6%), the Assembly of God (3%), and Jehovah's Witness (1%). Christians with unstated or other denominational affiliations, including other Protestants, totaled 3%, bringing the total Christian population to 86%. .Non-Christian religions, such as Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism, together represented 4% of the population.^ ClickState.com helps its users find information on United States such as religion, lifestyle, financial, economy, transportation & travel, population, shopping and more.
  • North Dakota | United States Directory 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.clickstate.com [Source type: News]

Three percent of respondents answered "no religion" on the survey, and 6% refused to answer.[31]

Culture

Fine and performing arts

.North Dakota's major fine art museums and venues include the Chester Fritz Auditorium, Empire Arts Center, the Fargo Theatre, North Dakota Museum of Art, and the Plains Art Museum.^ There are many fine museums and county fairs in North Dakota.

^ Golfing Kit request this kit North Dakota is home to many wonderful and challenging golf courses that have drawn the attention of major golf magazines.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ Thomas Merrick on Friday became one of the seven judges in the district, which covers 11 counties in southeastern North Dakota and includes the citie .
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Minot North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Bismarck Mandan North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]

.The Bismarck-Mandan Symphony Orchestra, Fargo-Moorhead Symphony Orchestra, Greater Grand Forks Symphony Orchestra and Minot Symphony Orchestra are full-time professional musical ensembles that perform concerts and offer educational programs to the community.^ Prime territories for starting a franchise include Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks and many locations are still available throughout the state.
  • North Dakota Franchises - ND Business Opportunities 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.franchise.com [Source type: News]

^ Below is a listing of all franchises and business opportunities currently expanding across North Dakota including Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks, Minot, Mandan and more.
  • North Dakota franchises for sale - Franchise Gator.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.franchisegator.com [Source type: General]

^ As the employer of choice in the health care industry, we offer nursing positions on a full, part-time, and PRN basis to best meet your flexible schedule.
  • RNinsider: North Dakota Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in ND 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

Entertainment

Main article: Music of North Dakota
North Dakotan musicians of many genres include blues guitarist Jonny Lang, country music singer Lynn Anderson, jazz and traditional pop singer and songwriter Peggy Lee, big band leader Lawrence Welk, and pop singer Bobby Vee.
Ed Schultz is known around the country as the host of progressive talk radio show The Ed Schultz Show, and Shadoe Stevens hosted American Top 40 from 1988 to 1995. Josh Duhamel is an Emmy Award-winning actor known for his roles in All My Children and Las Vegas.[33] Nicole Linkletter and CariDee English were winning contestants of Cycles 5 and 7, respectively, of America's Next Top Model.

Popular culture

Main article: Cuisine of North Dakota
.North Dakota cuisine includes Knoephla soup: a thick, stew-like chicken soup with dumplings, lutefisk: lye-treated fish, Kuchen: a pie-like pastry, lefse: a flat bread made from mashed potatoes that is eaten with butter and sugar, Fleischkuekle, a deep fried entree of ground beef covered in dough, deep fried, and served with chips and a pickle in most restaurants; strudel: a dough-and-filling item that can either be made as a pastry, or a savory dish with onions or meat; and other traditional German and Norwegian dishes.^ Locations Include: North Dakota, nationwide .
  • RNinsider: North Dakota Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in ND 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

^ These other stakeholders include: highway patrol, freeway management and maintenance in North and South Dakota, incident management, emergency management systems, and local Metropolitan Planning Organizations.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But most importantly, you will have the chance to concentrate on serving others - while advancing your skills and career.
  • RNinsider: North Dakota Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in ND 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

.North Dakota also shares concepts such as hot dishes along with other Midwestern states.^ North Dakota is a Midwestern state in the United States known as the, Peace Garden State.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota became the 39th state in 1889.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based upon both observed and forecast data, Meridian calculates "freezing" and "thawing" indices across the state of North Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Along with having the most churches per capita of any state, North Dakota has the highest percentage of church-going population of any state.^ North Dakota is a Midwestern state in the United States known as the, Peace Garden State.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota became the 39th state in 1889.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based upon both observed and forecast data, Meridian calculates "freezing" and "thawing" indices across the state of North Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31][32]
.Native American traditions are practiced by the Native American population of North Dakota, especially on Indian reservations.^ American Indian & Alaska Native population (2000) .
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ American Indian & Alaska Native population over 18 yrs (2000) .
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota Gas Prices reserves the right to make changes to any of the site content at any time without notice.
  • North Dakota Gas Prices - Find Cheap Gas Prices in North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northdakotagasprices.com [Source type: General]

Pow-wows and traditional Native American dancing are found across the state.[34]
.Outdoor activities such as hunting and fishing are hobbies for many North Dakotans.^ Individual Statewide Brochures select items below If you are interested in hunting or fishing, North Dakota is a paradise of abundant opportunities for you.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ My dad was an avid fisherman and we enjoyed many trips to various ‘good fishing spots’ around North Dakota.

^ Memory building family activities abound here including hunting, fishing, birding, swimming, golfing, shopping, camping, snowmobiling and much more.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

.Ice fishing and snowmobiling are also popular during the winter months.^ Or get outdoors and enjoy great fishing, hunting, golfing, ice fishing, snowmobiling and cross-country skiing.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

.Residents of North Dakota may own or visit a cabin along a lake.^ For further information specific to North Dakota homeschooling, you may find helpful information at: www.ndhsa.org This is the website for the North Dakota Home School Association.

^ How many tractors/trailers/trucks does your company own and operate within or through North Dakota?
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Visit NorthDakotaHotelspy.com for cheap hotel deals in North Dakota .
  • North Dakota Gas Prices - Find Cheap Gas Prices in North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northdakotagasprices.com [Source type: General]

Popular sport fish include walleye, perch, and northern pike.[35]

Economy

North Dakota state quarter
See also: List of North Dakota companies
.Agriculture is the largest industry in North Dakota, although petroleum and food processing are also major industries.^ The commercial transport of agricultural and other goods throughout the state of North Dakota and the surrounding region is an important component of the region’s economy.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Golfing Kit request this kit North Dakota is home to many wonderful and challenging golf courses that have drawn the attention of major golf magazines.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ As the home of the world's largest buffalo monument, the National Buffalo Museum and the North Dakota Sports Hall of Fame, Jamestown offers something for everyone!
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

[36] .The economy of North Dakota had a gross domestic product of $24 billion in 2005.[37] The per capita income in 2006 was $33,034, ranked 29th in the nation.^ North Dakota leads the nation in production of several crops.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Per capita personal income in 2005 was $31 395, 32nd in the nation.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ND Guard soldiers returning soon Jan 15 2010 7:14AM About 40 North Dakota National Guard soldiers will be returning soon from Afghanistan.
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Minot North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]
  • North Dakota News | KXNet.com Bismarck Mandan North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.kxnet.com [Source type: General]

[38] The three-year median household income from 2002-2004 was $39,594, ranking 37 in the U.S..[39] .North Dakota is also the only state with a state owned bank, the Bank of North Dakota in Bismarck, and a state owned flour mill, the North Dakota Mill and Elevator in Grand Forks.^ Below is a listing of all franchises and business opportunities currently expanding across North Dakota including Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks, Minot, Mandan and more.
  • North Dakota franchises for sale - Franchise Gator.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.franchisegator.com [Source type: General]

^ North Dakota is a Midwestern state in the United States known as the, Peace Garden State.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Prime territories for starting a franchise include Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks and many locations are still available throughout the state.
  • North Dakota Franchises - ND Business Opportunities 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.franchise.com [Source type: News]

Industry and commerce

File:TraillCountyND.jpeg
.North Dakota's earliest industries were fur trading and agriculture.^ North Dakota has franchising opportunities available in many categories, but its largest industries are farm product wholesalers, farm & garden machinery, and lawn & garden equipment.
  • North Dakota Franchises - ND Business Opportunities 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.franchise.com [Source type: News]

^ Almost half of all the goods hauled by commercial operators in North Dakota are agricultural (46%).
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The commercial transport of agricultural and other goods throughout the state of North Dakota and the surrounding region is an important component of the region’s economy.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although less than 10% of the population is employed in the agricultural sector,[40] it remains a major part of the state's economy, ranking 24th in the nation in the value of products sold.^ When the State issues road and load restrictions, this can have a major impact on both the individual commercial shippers and the economy at large.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The commercial transport of agricultural and other goods throughout the state of North Dakota and the surrounding region is an important component of the region’s economy.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our knowledge and experience - the product of more than three decades of service to the nation's most vulnerable populations - are among ResCare's greatest assets.
  • RNinsider: North Dakota Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in ND 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

[41] .The state is the U.S.'s largest producer of barley, sunflower seeds, spring, and durum wheat for processing, and farm-raised turkeys.^ Wheat, barley, canola, soybeans, sunflowers, and flax are present throughout the state.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[41]

State owned facilities

North Dakota Mill and Elevator postcard, 1915
.The North Dakota Mill and Elevator and Bank of North Dakota are the only state owned facilities of their type in the nation.^ North Dakota is a Midwestern state in the United States known as the, Peace Garden State.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota became the 39th state in 1889.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, what is true for other high-regulation states is likely true for North Dakota, as well.

Energy

.Coal mines generate 93% of the North Dakota electricity.^ As a generalization, weather systems move across the state of North Dakota from the southwest to the northeast following the pattern of the jet stream.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[42] Oil was discovered near Tioga in 1951, generating 53 million barrels of oil a year by 1984.[43] .Western North Dakota is currently in an oil boom, and the oil reserves may hold up to 400 billion barrels of oil, 25 times larger than the reserves in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.^ North Dakota Gas Prices reserves the right to make changes to any of the site content at any time without notice.
  • North Dakota Gas Prices - Find Cheap Gas Prices in North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northdakotagasprices.com [Source type: General]

^ These data and models may however be able to offer more precise restriction placement than has been possible up to now, and selective restrictions are a stated goal of this program.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The North Dakota Home School Association and its Legislative Team is already gearing up for the 2009 Legislative Session which begins in January.

[44][45]

State taxes

.North Dakota has a slightly progressive income tax structure; the five brackets of state income tax rates are 2.1%, 3.92% 4.34%, 5.04%, and 5.54% as of 2004.[46] North Dakota is ranked as the 21st highest in the nation for per capita total state taxes.^ Legendary adventures await you at the North Dakota Heritage Center as well as 56 State Historic Sites and two State Museums.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ The commercial transport of agricultural and other goods throughout the state of North Dakota and the surrounding region is an important component of the region’s economy.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Figure 1 illustrates the distribution of existing and proposed RWIS-ESS sites throughout the state of North Dakota, current as of 2002.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[47] .The sales tax in North Dakota is 5% for most items.^ Individual Statewide Brochures select items below If you are interested in hunting or fishing, North Dakota is a paradise of abundant opportunities for you.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ While most of these companies are based in North Dakota, an effort was made to identify commercial operators based in neighboring states who have operations in North Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mortgage Training Center offers North Dakota loan officer classes and North Dakota mortgage sales training products and services, including in-person, self-study, and online mortgage broker training!
  • North Dakota Mortgage Broker Schools | North Dakota Mortgage Sales Training | North Dakota Mortgage Broker License | North Dakota Loan Officer Classes 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.themortgagetrainingcenter.com [Source type: News]

[48] .The state allows municipalities to institute local sales taxes and special local taxes, such as the 1.75% supplemental sales tax in Grand Forks.^ Prime territories for starting a franchise include Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks and many locations are still available throughout the state.
  • North Dakota Franchises - ND Business Opportunities 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.franchise.com [Source type: News]

[49] .Excise taxes are levied on the purchase price or market value of aircraft registered in North Dakota.^ North Dakota Gas Prices reserves the right to make changes to any of the site content at any time without notice.
  • North Dakota Gas Prices - Find Cheap Gas Prices in North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northdakotagasprices.com [Source type: General]

^ Legal Issues: As this site depends on visitor price updates, North Dakota Gas Prices is not responsible for information inaccuracies, inconsistencies or errors.
  • North Dakota Gas Prices - Find Cheap Gas Prices in North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northdakotagasprices.com [Source type: General]

^ All the franchise companies listed below have been licensed and registered to open new businesses throughout the state of North Dakota.
  • North Dakota Franchises - ND Business Opportunities 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.franchise.com [Source type: News]

.The state imposes a use tax on items purchased elsewhere but used within North Dakota.^ However, what is true for other high-regulation states is likely true for North Dakota, as well.

^ Figure 1 illustrates the distribution of existing and proposed RWIS-ESS sites throughout the state of North Dakota, current as of 2002.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The State of North Dakota is divided into 8 Districts, and telephone interviews have been conducted with maintenance personnel in each of these districts.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[48]

Transportation

See also: List of North Dakota numbered highways and List of North Dakota railroads
.Transportation in North Dakota is overseen by the North Dakota Department of Transportation.^ The North Dakota Department of Transportation (NDDOT) launched the Advanced Transportation Weather Information System (ATWIS) at the start of the winter of 1996/97 as a public-private partnership and part of a Field Operational Test (FOT).
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The commercial transport of agricultural and other goods throughout the state of North Dakota and the surrounding region is an important component of the region’s economy.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Project Partners who are implementing this earmark project include NDDOT, the South Dakota Department of transportation (SDDOT), and the Regional Weather Information Center of the University of North Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The major Interstate highways are I-29 and I-94, with I-29 and I-94 meeting at Fargo, and I-29 going north-south along the eastern edge of the state.^ Fifteen helicopters from the U.S. Northern Command along with active-duty military personnel are being sent to Fargo, North Dakota, to assist the state as it prepares for record flooding, a U.S. military official told CNN. .
  • North Dakota: News & Videos about North Dakota - CNN.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ (CNN) -- Residents in an eastern North Dakota town were advised to leave their homes Tuesday in anticipation of more flooding in the already water-logged state.
  • North Dakota: News & Videos about North Dakota - CNN.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ If you're towards the eastern side of the state, it would be much easier to go across the river to (my home state) Minnesota.
  • North Dakota abortion ban passes House - Feministing 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The largest rail systems in the state are operated by BNSF and the Canadian Pacific Railway.^ The Civilian Corps is among the largest and most advanced health care systems in the world with locations throughout the U.S., Europe and the Pacific.
  • RNinsider: North Dakota Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in ND 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

.Many branch lines formerly used by BNSF and Canadian Pacific Railway are now operated by the Dakota and the Red River Valley and Western Railroad.^ When summer finally comes to the Red River Valley of the North (notice I said ‘when’ not ‘if’), I have in mind to do some gentle, easy-to-accomplish activities with the grandchildren.

^ Snow rolls into Red River Valley; river level drops .
  • North Dakota: News & Videos about North Dakota - CNN.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Red River receding; 2 dead in North Dakota flooding .
  • North Dakota: News & Videos about North Dakota - CNN.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

[50][51]
.North Dakota's principal airports are the Hector International Airport (FAR) in Fargo, Grand Forks International Airport (GFK), and the Minot International Airport (MOT).^ Beulah Bismarck Devils Lake Dickinson Grafton Grand Forks Hazen Jamestown Mandan Minot Rugby Valley City Wahpeton Williston [More Cities] .
  • North Dakota Gas Prices - Find Cheap Gas Prices in North Dakota 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.northdakotagasprices.com [Source type: General]

^ Prime territories for starting a franchise include Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks and many locations are still available throughout the state.
  • North Dakota Franchises - ND Business Opportunities 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.franchise.com [Source type: News]

^ Below is a listing of all franchises and business opportunities currently expanding across North Dakota including Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks, Minot, Mandan and more.
  • North Dakota franchises for sale - Franchise Gator.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.franchisegator.com [Source type: General]

.Amtrak's Empire Builder runs through North Dakota, making stops at Fargo, Grand Forks, Minot, and four other stations.^ Prime territories for starting a franchise include Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks and many locations are still available throughout the state.
  • North Dakota Franchises - ND Business Opportunities 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.franchise.com [Source type: News]

^ Below is a listing of all franchises and business opportunities currently expanding across North Dakota including Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks, Minot, Mandan and more.
  • North Dakota franchises for sale - Franchise Gator.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.franchisegator.com [Source type: General]

^ However, what is true for other high-regulation states is likely true for North Dakota, as well.

[52] It is the descendant of the famous line of the same name run by the Great Northern Railway, which was built by the tycoon James J. Hill and ran from St. Paul to Seattle. Intercity bus service is provided by Greyhound and Jefferson Lines. .Public transit in North Dakota is currently limited to bus systems in the larger cities.^ A final source of company names was the North Dakota Motor Carrier Association (MCA), which provided a current year 2000 directory of their membership.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This approach operates externally to North and South Dakota’s standard IT networks, providing for a smooth and rapid diffusion of a well integrated road-weather information system.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Figure 1 illustrates the distribution of existing and proposed RWIS-ESS sites throughout the state of North Dakota, current as of 2002.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Law and government

.As with the federal government of the United States, power in North Dakota is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.^ North Dakota is a Midwestern state in the United States known as the, Peace Garden State.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota became the 39th state in 1889.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The consolidation of North Dakota’s pioneering #SAFE program into the recently implemented 511 systems in both North and South Dakota is already yielding significant benefits for the state DOTs and for travelers.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[53]

Executive

See also: List of Governors of North Dakota, List of Lieutenant Governors of North Dakota, List of Secretaries of State of North Dakota, and List of Attorneys General of North Dakota
The executive branch is headed by the governor. .The current governor is John Hoeven, a Republican whose first term began December 15, 2000, and who was re-elected in 2004. The current Lieutenant Governor of North Dakota is Jack Dalrymple, who is also the President of the Senate.^ The stakeholders in both North and South Dakota who were part of the project’s integration team were sidetracked by these events as well.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Figure 1 illustrates the distribution of existing and proposed RWIS-ESS sites throughout the state of North Dakota, current as of 2002.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On April 22, 2009, Governor John Hoeven signed into law House Bill 1171, making significant improvements in North Dakota’s homeschool law.

The offices of governor and lieutenant governor have four-year terms. .The governor has a cabinet consisting of the leaders of various state government agencies, called commissioners.^ The various agencies in each state currently have different policies regarding what data can be released and to whom.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The other elected constitutional offices are secretary of state, attorney general, and state auditor.^ (I believe as an example one of the states has a law for a religious test for office in direct contradiction to the constitution) .
  • North Dakota abortion ban passes House - Feministing 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Legislative

.The North Dakota Legislative Assembly is a bicameral body consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives.^ Listed below are links to blogs that reference this entry: North Dakota abortion ban passes House .
  • North Dakota abortion ban passes House - Feministing 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota's House of Representatives has passed a fetal personhood bill, HB 1572, that declares fertilized eggs have the same rights as human beings .
  • North Dakota abortion ban passes House - Feministing 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota abortion ban passes House - Feministing Community About us Links Support us FAQs Contact us North Dakota abortion ban passes House Not a person.
  • North Dakota abortion ban passes House - Feministing 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The state has 47 districts. Each district has one senator and two representatives. .Senators serve for four years and representatives for two years.^ This vulnerable period of time represents four months out of the year, or 33% of the time.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The state's legal code is named the North Dakota Century Code.^ North Dakota is a Midwestern state in the United States known as the, Peace Garden State.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota became the 39th state in 1889.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based upon both observed and forecast data, Meridian calculates "freezing" and "thawing" indices across the state of North Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Judicial

.North Dakota's court system has four levels.^ Come and experience four of the best golf courses in Southwestern North Dakota!
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ This approach operates externally to North and South Dakota’s standard IT networks, providing for a smooth and rapid diffusion of a well integrated road-weather information system.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North and South Dakota are at different stages in the build-out of wireless communication systems.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Municipal courts serve the cities, and most cases start in the district courts, which are courts of general jurisdiction. There are 42 district court judges in seven judicial districts.[54][55] .Appeals from the trial courts and challenges to certain governmental decisions are heard by the North Dakota Court of Appeals, consisting of three-judge panels.^ Golfing Kit request this kit North Dakota is home to many wonderful and challenging golf courses that have drawn the attention of major golf magazines.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ Interviews were conducted with each of the North Dakota District Engineers to better understand how they currently make their annual road restriction decisions.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both North and South Dakota would like information acquisition and dissemination to be streamlined through a single point as an aid to decision-making.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The five-justice North Dakota Supreme Court hears all appeals from the district courts and the Court of Appeals.^ The responsibility to implement road restrictions rests primarily with the District Engineers (DEs) in each of the eight North Dakota DOT Districts.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In North Dakota it marks the end of the all-too-short summer and though Fall is absolutely fabulous in the Upper Great Plains, it also heralds the coming of winter.

^ Learn about home based businesses, low cost and cheap franchises, and all business opportunities available in North Dakota.
  • North Dakota franchises for sale - Franchise Gator.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.franchisegator.com [Source type: General]

[56]

Regional

.There are three Sioux, one Three Affiliated Tribes, and one Ojibwa reservations in North Dakota.^ There was an acknowledgement in this meeting that Information Technology (IT) was a critical missing stakeholder (from both North and South Dakota) in the discussions, and they must be included henceforth.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is now consideration of installing 21 additional probe sites in North Dakota to further enhance the geographic coverage.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many fine museums and county fairs in North Dakota.

These communities are self-governing.

Federal

See also: List of United States Senators from North Dakota, North Dakota United States Senate election, 2006, and United States House elections, 2006#North Dakota
.North Dakota's two United States senators are Democrats Kent Conrad and Byron Dorgan.^ North Dakota is a Midwestern state in the United States known as the, Peace Garden State.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota became the 39th state in 1889.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, what is true for other high-regulation states is likely true for North Dakota, as well.

The state has one at-large congressional district represented by Democrat House Earl Pomeroy.
.Federal court cases are heard in the United States District Court for the District of North Dakota, which holds court in Bismarck, Fargo, Grand Forks, and Minot.^ North Dakota is a Midwestern state in the United States known as the, Peace Garden State.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Below is a listing of all franchises and business opportunities currently expanding across North Dakota including Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks, Minot, Mandan and more.
  • North Dakota franchises for sale - Franchise Gator.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.franchisegator.com [Source type: General]

^ North Dakota became the 39th state in 1889.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Appeals are heard by the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals based in St. Louis.

Politics

Main article: Politics of North Dakota
See also: List of political parties in North Dakota
The major political parties in North Dakota are the Democratic-NPL and the Republican Party. .North Dakota does have some third parties, but aside from Presidential nominations, none have fielded state office candidates for some time.^ North Dakota is a Midwestern state in the United States known as the, Peace Garden State.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ North Dakota became the 39th state in 1889.
  • North Dakota (ND) - Census Information 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.localcensus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, what is true for other high-regulation states is likely true for North Dakota, as well.

At the state level, the governorship has been held by the Republican Party since 1992, along with a majority of the state legislature and statewide officers. Dem-NPL showings were strong in the 2000 governor's race, and in the 2006 legislative elections, but the League has not had a major breakthrough since the administration of former state governor George Sinner.
The Republican Party presidential candidate usually carries the state; in 2004, George W. Bush won with 62.9% of the vote. .Of all the Democratic presidential candidates since 1892, only Grover Cleveland, Woodrow Wilson, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and Lyndon Baines Johnson received Electoral College votes from North Dakota.^ Learn about home based businesses, low cost and cheap franchises, and all business opportunities available in North Dakota.
  • North Dakota franchises for sale - Franchise Gator.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.franchisegator.com [Source type: General]

^ Almost half of all the goods hauled by commercial operators in North Dakota are agricultural (46%).
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

On the other hand, Dem-NPL candidates for North Dakota's federal Senate and Congressional seats have won every election since 1982, and the state's federal delegation has been entirely Democratic since 1986.

Cities and towns

See also: List of cities in North Dakota
Downtown Fargo in 2007
Bismarck, located in south-central North Dakota along the banks of the Missouri River, has been North Dakota's capital city since 1883, first as capital of the Dakota Territory, and then as state capital since 1889.
.North Dakota's most populous city is Fargo.^ While most of these companies are based in North Dakota, an effort was made to identify commercial operators based in neighboring states who have operations in North Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The state has four cities with populations above thirty thousand (based on 2005 estimates). .In descending order they are Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks, and Minot.^ Below is a listing of all franchises and business opportunities currently expanding across North Dakota including Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks, Minot, Mandan and more.
  • North Dakota franchises for sale - Franchise Gator.com 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.franchisegator.com [Source type: General]

^ About 120 people participated in the meetings held at Devils Lake, Grand Forks, Jamestown, Fargo, Minot, Williston and Bismarck (Dickinson meeting not yet held at time of publication).

.While North Dakota's population has seen a gradual decline, the urban centers have seen growth.^ The growth has been steady in North Dakota and across America.

^ The Project Partners who are implementing this earmark project include NDDOT, the South Dakota Department of transportation (SDDOT), and the Regional Weather Information Center of the University of North Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Education

.North Dakota's leaders frequently state that the educational scene in the state is excellent.^ Based upon both observed and forecast data, Meridian calculates "freezing" and "thawing" indices across the state of North Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, what is true for other high-regulation states is likely true for North Dakota, as well.

^ The State of North Dakota currently has 14 RWIS-ESS sites, and 16 more sites are proposed (as of mid-2002).
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, because of limited economic options, many skilled graduates leave the state.

Higher education

.The state has 11 public colleges and universities, five tribal community colleges, and four private schools.^ Editor’s note: N.D.’s constitution mandates the availability of a public education system but is completely silent on government oversight of private and home schools .

.The largest institutions are the University of North Dakota and North Dakota State University.^ However, what is true for other high-regulation states is likely true for North Dakota, as well.

^ The Project Manager at the University of North Dakota (UND) has been seeking input from the stakeholders regarding their needs and perspectives on integration as a basis for drafting a work plan.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finally, the Project Manager for the partners changed jobs and was replaced by the Principle Investigator from the University of North Dakota during the Summer 2002.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The higher education system consists of the following institutions:
Tribal colleges:
Private schools:

State symbols

State bird: Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
State fish: Northern pike, Esox lucius
State horse: Nokota horse
State flower: Wild Prairie Rose, Rosa arkansana
State tree: American Elm, Ulmus americana
State fossil: Teredo Petrified wood
State grass: Western Wheatgrass, Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A. Löve
State nicknames: Roughrider State, Flickertail State, Peace Garden State
State mottos:
(Great Seal of North Dakota) Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One and Inseparable
(Coat of Arms of North Dakota) Strength from the Soil
State song: North Dakota Hymn
State dance: Square Dance
State fruit: Chokecherry
State march: Flickertail March
State beverage: Milk
State art museum: North Dakota Museum of Art
State license plate: see the different types over time [1]
."The Flickertail State" is one of North Dakota's nicknames and is derived from Richardson's Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus richardsonii), a very common animal in the region.^ Figure 1 illustrates the distribution of existing and proposed RWIS-ESS sites throughout the state of North Dakota, current as of 2002.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Western Region Kit request this kit From breathtaking Badlands to majestic Lake Sakakawea, Western North Dakota is brimming with adventure.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ There are some common elements across all eight of North Dakota’s Districts in the road restriction decision-making process; however, some aspects of this process are unique in particular Districts or “climate” regions that may cover several Districts.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The ground squirrel constantly flicks its tail in a distinctive manner. In 1953, legislation to make the ground squirrel the state emblem was voted down in the state legislature.[57]

Media

.North Dakota's media markets are Fargo-Grand Forks, (119th largest nationally), making up the eastern half of the state, and Minot-Bismarck (158th), making up the western half of the state.^ Witness the natural features that define North Dakota's landscape and heritage and get a glimpse into the lives of Native Americans, Lewis and Clark, trappers, traders, homesteaders and ranchers who make up the fascinating history of the area.
  • North Dakota Tourism : North Dakota Travel Brochures 17 January 2010 17:32 UTC www.onefulfillment.com [Source type: General]

^ Figure 1 illustrates the distribution of existing and proposed RWIS-ESS sites throughout the state of North Dakota, current as of 2002.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The approach to measuring the impacts of an improved road restriction decision-making process on CVOs is to conduct telephone interviews with a sample of all companies that operate commercial vehicles in the State of North Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[58] Prairie Public Television (PPTV) is a statewide public television network affiliated with PBS.
.Broadcast television in North Dakota started on April 3, 1953, when KCJB-TV (now KXMB-TV) in Minot began broadcasting.^ There is now consideration of installing 21 additional probe sites in North Dakota to further enhance the geographic coverage.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On April 22, 2009, Governor John Hoeven signed into law House Bill 1171, making significant improvements in North Dakota’s homeschool law.

^ The information reported here precedes the implementation of the 511 system that is now operational in both North and South Dakota.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[59] .There are currently 28 analog broadcast stations and 18 digital channels broadcast over North Dakota.^ Figure 1 illustrates the distribution of existing and proposed RWIS-ESS sites throughout the state of North Dakota, current as of 2002.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was an acknowledgement in this meeting that Information Technology (IT) was a critical missing stakeholder (from both North and South Dakota) in the discussions, and they must be included henceforth.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Interviews were conducted with each of the North Dakota District Engineers to better understand how they currently make their annual road restriction decisions.
  • Evaluation of the Benefits of Integrated Winter Road Weather Information in North Dakota - ITS Report 6 February 2010 12:53 UTC www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The state's largest newspaper is The Forum of Fargo-Moorhead. Other weekly and monthly publications (most of which are fully supported by advertising) are also available. The most prominent of these is the alternative weekly High Plains Reader, which covers Fargo and Grand Forks.
Prairie Public is a statewide radio network affiliated with National Public Radio. The state's oldest radio station, WDAY-AM, was launched on May 23, 1922.[60] The Forum Communications owned station is still on the air, and currently broadcasts a news/talk format.

Attractions

Major events
Museums
Arenas
Golf courses
Further information: North Dakota Golf AssociationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
  • Apple Creek Country Club - Bismarck
  • Apple Grove Golf Course - Minot
  • Bois de Sioux Golf Course - Wahpeton [23]
  • Bully Pulpit Golf Course - Medora [24]
  • Devils Lake Country Club - Devils Lake
  • Hawktree Golf Club - Bismarck [25]
  • King's Walk Golf Course - Grand Forks [26]
  • Links of North Dakota at Red Mike Resort - Williston [27]
  • Riverwood Golf Course - Bismarck [28]
  • Tom O'Leary Golf Course - Bismarck [29]
Casinos
Various attractions

Notable North Dakotans

For a more comprehensive list, see List of people from North Dakota

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S Geological Survey (29 April 2005). Retrieved on November 7, 2006.
  2. ^ Facts and figures. infoplease.com. Retrieved on 2006-06-22.
  3. ^ Land and Water Area of States, 2000. Information Please (2006). Retrieved on 2007-08-17.
  4. ^ Theodore Roosevelt National Park Virtual Tour. The Real North Dakota Project (2007). Retrieved on 2007-08-17.
  5. ^ History of Lake Sakakawea State Park. North Dakota Parks & Recreation Department (2003). Retrieved on 2007-08-17.
  6. ^ North Dakota. Encyclopædia Britannica (2007). Retrieved on 2007-08-17.
  7. ^ a b North Dakota Facts and Trivia. 50States.com (2007). Retrieved on 2007-08-17.
  8. ^ A Glacier, A Lake, A Valley and Soil for the Future. University of Minnesota (1979). Retrieved on 2007-08-17.
  9. ^ North Dakota - Climate. City-Data. Retrieved on 2007-08-20.
  10. ^ Climate of North Dakota. National Weather Service Forecast Office. Retrieved on 2007-08-20.
  11. ^ Anatomy of a Red River Flood. National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office. Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  12. ^ The Grand Forks Flood. Alan Draves (2002). Retrieved on 2007-08-20.
  13. ^ Audio Transcript of Pierre Gaultier de La Vérendrye 1738. The Atlas of Canada (2003). Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  14. ^ North Dakota, US. ByRegion Network (2005). Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  15. ^ North Dakota Historical Overview: Dakota Territory and Statehood (Northern Great Plains). The Library of Congress. Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  16. ^ Enabling Act. Washington State Legislature. Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  17. ^ Coin of the Month. The United States Mint. Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  18. ^ North Dakota's Boundaries. North Dakota Geological Survey (2002). Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  19. ^ Nonpartisan League in North Dakota Politics. The Library of Congress. Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  20. ^ North Dakota State Capitol Building & Grounds Virtual Tour Map. The Real North Dakota Project. Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  21. ^ North Dakota Timeline. WorldAtlas.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  22. ^ North Dakota History: Overview and Summary. State Historical Society of North Dakota (1999). Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  23. ^ North Dakota Historical Population. North Dakota State University. Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  24. ^ {{cite web| title = National and State Population Estimates| work = Annual Population Estimates 2000 to 2006| publisher = US Census Bureau| date = [[2006-12-22|]]
  25. ^ Leading Population Trends in North Dakota. North Dakota State University (2007). Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  26. ^ Agenda 2003 - Saving North Dakota. The Forum of Fargo-Moorhead (2002). Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  27. ^ The New Homestead Act of 2007. United States Senator Byron L. Dorgan. Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  28. ^ North Dakota - Selected Social Characteristics. U.S. Census Bureau (2005). Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  29. ^ Most spoken languages in North Dakota. Modern Language Association. Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  30. ^ State Population Estimates by Selected Race Categories: July 1, 2005. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2006-11-26.
  31. ^ a b c American Religious Identification Survey. Exhibit 15. The Graduate Center, City University of New York. Retrieved on 2006-11-24.
  32. ^ a b North Dakota Movers. US-Moving.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  33. ^ Josh Duhamel. IMDb (2007). Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  34. ^ North Dakota pow wow listing. Dakota/Lakota Singing. Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  35. ^ Fish Species. North Dakota Game and Fish Department (2007). Retrieved on 2007-08-19.
  36. ^ Economy of North Dakota. NetState (2007-06-04). Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
  37. ^ Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by State. U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (2006-10-26). Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
  38. ^ Regional Economic Accounts. U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
  39. ^ United States and States - R2001. Median Household Income. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
  40. ^ North Dakota - DP-3. Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics:  2000. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  41. ^ a b Census of Agriculture, North Dakota State Profile. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Retrieved on 2007-08-30.
  42. ^ Coal Powers Life in America - North Dakota. CARE - Coalition for Affordable and Reliable Energy. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
  43. ^ Things To Do In North Dakota. ThingsToDo.com. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
  44. ^ Gunderson, Dan. "North Dakota oil patch is booming", Minnesota Public Radio, 2006-08-28. Retrieved on 2007-10-04. 
  45. ^ Donovan, Lauren. "North Dakota may be bigger oil player than Alaska", Bismarck Tribune, 2006-06-20. Retrieved on 2007-10-04. 
  46. ^ FAQ: Individual Income Tax. Office of State Tax Commissioner, Tax Department, North Dakota. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
  47. ^ States Ranked by Total State Taxes and Per Capita Amount: 2005. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
  48. ^ a b Sales and Use. Office of State Tax Commissioner, Tax Department, North Dakota. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
  49. ^ Grand Forks: Economy - Major Industries and Commercial Activity. City-Data.com. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
  50. ^ Dakota, Missouri Valleya and Western Railroad. Dakota, Missouri Valleya and Western Railroad. Retrieved on 2007-10-05.
  51. ^ About Us. Red River Valley and Western Railroad. Retrieved on 2007-10-05.
  52. ^ Amtrak - Routes - Northwest. Amtrak. Retrieved on 2007-10-05.
  53. ^ State Government. State of North Dakota. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.
  54. ^ District Courts. North Dakota Supreme Court. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.
  55. ^ All District Judges. North Dakota Supreme Court. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.
  56. ^ North Dakota Judicial System. North Dakota Supreme Court. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.
  57. ^ S. D. Senate Bill No. 134.
  58. ^ 210 Designated Market Areas - 07-08. Nielsen Media. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.
  59. ^ North Dakota’s First Television Station. Prairie Public. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.
  60. ^ First Stations in Each State. National Radio Club. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.

External links

All wikimedia projects
Articles on this topic in other Wikimedia projects can be found at: North Dakota


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at North Dakota. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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Subdivision of country United States  +

This article uses material from the "North Dakota" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

State of North Dakota
File:Flag of North [[File:|100px|State seal of North Dakota]]
Flag of North Dakota Seal of North Dakota
Also called: Peace Garden State,
Roughrider State, Flickertail State
Saying(s): Liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable;
Strength from the soil
Official language(s) English
Capital Bismarck
Largest city Fargo
Area  Ranked 19th
 - Total 70,762 sq mi
(183,272 km²)
 - Width 210 miles (340 km)
 - Length 340 miles (545 km)
 - % water 2.4
 - Latitude 45°55′N to 49°00′N
 - Longitude 96°33′W to 104°03′W
Number of people  Ranked 48th
 - Total (2010) {{{2010Pop}}}
 - Density {{{2010DensityUS}}}/sq mi 
{{{2010Density}}}/km² (47th)
Height above sea level  
 - Highest point White Butte[1]
3,506 ft  (1,069 m)
 - Average 1,903 ft  (580 m)
 - Lowest point Red River of the North[1]
750 ft  (229 m)
Became part of the U.S.  November 2, 1889 (39th)
Governor John Hoeven (R)
U.S. Senators Kent Conrad (D)
Byron Dorgan (D)
Time zones  
 - most of state Central: UTC-6/-5
 - southwest Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Abbreviations ND US-ND
Web site www.nd.gov

North Dakota is one of the United States. 642,200 people lived in North Dakota in the year 2000. The capital and seat of government is Bismarck.

Contents

Where is North Dakota?

North Dakota is south of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, east of Montana, north of South Dakota, and west of Minnesota. Manitoba and Saskatchewan are provinces - part of Canada. Montana, South Dakota, and Minnesota are other states in the United States.

Weather

North Dakota is not close to any big bodies of water (oceans or seas). Because of this, temperatures in North Dakota are very hot in the summer and very cold in the winter. In the summer, there are sometimes strong thunderstorms. These storms can have tornadoes and hail.

History

[[File:|thumb|left|Statue of Sakakawea (Sacagawea), the Shoshone Native American woman who guided Lewis and Clark when they mapped the Missouri River]] Before European people came, Native American people lived in the area now called North Dakota. One important tribe was the Mandan.

North Dakota was one of the last US states to be settled. (To have people go there to make homes and live.) On November 2, 1889, North Dakota (and South Dakota) became part of the United States.

Economy

Most of the economy is based on agriculture. The most important agricultural crops are durum, a type of wheat, which is grown all across the state. In the Red River Valley, there is more rain, and maize (corn) and sugar beets are grown as well. In the Badlands, there is less rain, and more cattle are raised than crops.

North Dakota has the only bank in the United States that is owned by the state. The Bank of North Dakota is where all of the money from all government agencies is held. Most banks in the United States are guaranteed by the FDIC (acronym for Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.) The FDIC guarantees that people will not lose money if a bank fails. But the Bank of North Dakota is insured by the state of North Dakota.

References

frr:North Dakota

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 30, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on North Dakota, which are similar to those in the above article.








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