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North Dakota's At-large congressional district: Wikis

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North Dakota's 1st congressional district
NDAtlarge.gif
Current Representative Earl Pomeroy (D-NPL)
Population (2000) 642,200
Median income $34,640
Ethnicity 92.4% White, 0.6% Black, 0.6% Asian, 1.2% Hispanic, 4.9% Native American, 0.1% other
Cook PVI R+10

North Dakota's At-large congressional district is the sole congressional district for the state of North Dakota. All of North Dakota is contained within one at large Congressional District making it the eighth largest district in the nation. It was first created when North Dakota achieved statehood on November 2, 1889, electing a single member. Following the 1900 census the state was allocated two Representatives who were both elected from the at large district, but when the 1910 census allocated a third the State drew three single-member districts. After the 1930 census eliminated the third district, North Dakota returned to electing two members from an at-large district until 1962 when two single member districts were drawn.

Since the reapportioning of Congressional seats in 1973 following the 1970 census, North Dakota has had only a single Representative. At the 1972 election, this meant that the two North Dakota congressional districts were merged into one, and Mark Andrews (Republican incumbent in the 1st Congressional District) won the newly-merged district with 72.7% of the vote. Arthur A. Link, Democratic incumbent in the 2nd congressional district, did not run for re-election, but was successful in winning election as the State's Governor.

In the post-Watergate 1974 elections, Andrews was challenged by Byron Dorgan (D) and was re-elected with 55.7% of the vote. In 1976 and 1978 he increased his majority over Democratic challengers Lloyd Omdahl and Bruce Hagen respectively.

Andrews stepped down from the House seat to run (successfully) for the United States Senate in 1980. In his place, Byron Dorgan ran for the open seat and defeated Republican Jim Smykowski by 56.8% to 42.6%. He obtained re-election with his percentage vote never dropping below 70% until 1990 (when Republican Ed Schafer, later to be elected Governor of the State, held him to only 65.2%). Dorgan in turn ran for a Senate seat in 1992 and left an open seat which was assessed as leaning Democratic. Republican John Korsmo lost to Democrat Earl Pomeroy by 39.4% to 56.8%.

Pomeroy has seen some close elections when defending his seat. He won only 52.3% in 1994, 52.9% in 2000 and 52.4% in 2002. However in the 2004 elections he won 59.6% of the vote over Duane Sand and in the 2006 elections he beat Matthew Mechtel with 66% of the vote.

Contents

List of representatives

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1889 – 1913: At-large

Dates First member At-large Second member At-large
1889-11-02 - 1891-03-03 Henry C. Hansbrough (Republican) Second seat added in 1903
1891-03-04 - 1899-03-03 Martin N. Johnson (Republican)
1899-03-04 - 1901-03-03 Burleigh F. Spalding (Republican)
1901-03-04 - 1903-03-03 Thomas Frank Marshall (Republican)
1903-03-04 - 1905-03-03 Burleigh F. Spalding (Republican)
1905-03-04 - 1909-03-03 Asle J. Gronna (Republican)
1909-03-04 - 1911-02-11 Louis B. Hanna (Republican)
1911-02-12 - 1911-03-03 Vacant
1911-03-04 - 1913-01-07 Henry T. Helgesen (Republican)
1913-01-07 - 1913-03-03 Vacant

1913 – 1933: 1st district

After the 1910 census, three seats were apportioned among districts.

Representative Party Years District home Notes
Henry T. Helgesen Republican March 4, 1913 – April 10, 1917 Died
Vacant 1917-04-10 – 1917-07-19
John M. Baer Republican July 20, 1917 – March 3, 1921 Beach Lost re-election
Olger B. Burtness Republican March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1933

1933 – 1963: At-large

Following the 1930 census, the delegation was reduced to two seats, elected at-large statewide.

Dates First member at-large Second member at-large
1933-03-03 - 1935-01-03 James H. Sinclair (Republican) William Lemke (Republican)
1935-01-03 - 1941-01-03 Usher L. Burdick (Republican)
1941-01-03 - 1943-01-03 Charles R. Robertson (Republican)
1943-01-03 - 1945-01-03 William Lemke (Republican)
1945-01-03 - 1949-01-03 Charles R. Robertson (Republican)
1949-01-03 - 1950-05-30 Usher L. Burdick (Republican)
1950-05-31 - 1951-01-03 Vacant
1951-01-03 - 1953-01-03 Fred G. Aandahl (Republican)
1953-01-03 - 1959-01-03 Otto Krueger (Republican)
1959-01-03 - 1960-08-08 Quentin N. Burdick (Democratic) Don L. Short (Republican)
1960-08-09 - 1961-01-03 Vacant
1961-01-03 - 1963-01-03 Hjalmar Nygaard (Republican)

1963 – 1973: 1st district

After the 1960 census, there were two seats apportioned by district.

Representative Party Years District home Notes
Hjalmar Nygaard Republican January 3, 1963 – July 18, 1963
Mark Andrews Republican October 22, 1963 – January 3, 1973 Redistricted to At-large seat

1973 – present: At-large

Since the 1970 census, there has only been one at-large seat, elected state-wide.

Representative Party Years District home Notes
Mark Andrews Republican January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1981 Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Byron Dorgan Democratic January 3, 1981 – December 14, 1992
Vacant 1992-12-15 – 1993-01-03
Earl Pomeroy Democratic January 3, 1993 – present

Election results

At large seat(s)

Year Candidate Party Votes %
October 1, 1889 (51st Congress) Henry C. Hansbrough R 26,077 68.4
D.W. Maratta D 12,066 31.6
1890 (52nd Congress) Martin N. Johnson R 21,365 59.0
John D. Benton D 14,830 41.0
1892 (53rd Congress) Martin N. Johnson R 17,695 48.9
James F. O'Brien D 11,021 30.5
Hans A. Foss I 7,434 20.6
1894 (54th Congress) Martin N. Johnson R 21,615 55.4
Walter Muir POP 15,660 40.2
Budd Reeve I 1,283 3.3
L.S. Ellis P 439 1.1
1896 (55th Congress) Martin N. Johnson R 25,233 54.0
John Burke FUS 21,172 45.3
A.V. Garver P 349 0.7
1898 (56th Congress) Burleigh F. Spalding R 27,766 60.9
H.M. Creel FUS 17,844 39.1
1900 (57th Congress) Thomas F. Marshall R 34,887 61.0
M.A. Hildreth D & I 21,175 37.0
Charles H. Mott P 585 1.0
J.C. Charest SD 412 0.7
Martin S. Blair People's 122 0.2
1902 (58th Congress) Thomas F. Marshall R 32,986 67.6
Burleigh F. Spalding R 32,854
Lars A. Ueland D 14,765 29.9
Verner E. Lovell D 14,392
Royal F. King SOC 1,195 2.5
1904 (59th Congress) Thomas F. Marshall R 49,111 72.7
Asle J. Gronna R 47,648
N. P. Rasmussen D 15,622 23.3
A. G. Burr D 15,398
L. F. Dow SOC 1,734 2.6
E. D. Herring SOC 1,697
B. H. Tibbets P 971 1.5
N. A. Colby P 967
1906 (60th Congress) Thomas F. Marshall R 38,923 62.9
Asle J. Gronna R 36,772
A. G. Burr D 21,350 35.2
John D. Benton D 21,050
K. Halvorson SOC 1,151 1.9
W. J. Bailey SOC 1,129
1908 (61st Congress) Asle J. Gronna R 57,357 65.7
Louis B. Hanna R 55,610
T. D. Casey D 29,426 33.7
O. G. Major D 28,448
Francis Cooper I 591 0.3
E. D. Herring I 533 0.3
1910 (62nd Congress) Louis B. Hanna R 51,556 63.9
Henry T. Helgesen R 50,600
Tobias D. Casey D 25,880 32.0
M. A. Hildreth D 25,322
Arthur Hagendorf SOC 3,225 4.0
N. H. Bjornstad SOC 3,179

1st district

Year Candidate Party Votes %
1912 (63rd Congress) Henry T. Helgesen R 17,156 61.1
V. R. Lovell D 9,609 34.2
Leon Durocher SOC 1,310 4.7
1914 (64th Congress) Henry T. Helgesen R 16,565 56.0
Fred Bartholomew D 12,217 41.3
Leon Durocher SOC 812 2.7
1916 (65th Congress) Henry T. Helgesen R 20,709 59.9
George A. Bangs D 13,236 38.3
V. Gram SOC 622 1.8
July 10, 1917 special election
(65th Congress)
John M. Baer N-PART 13,211 50.9
Olger B. Burtness R 8,969 34.6
George A. Bangs D 3,276 12.6
H.H. Aaker N-PART PROG R 212 0.8
Frederic T. Cuthbert R 118 0.5
Henry G. Vick R 75 0.3
Charles Plain R 72 0.3
1918 (66th Congress) John M. Baer R 16,433 55.1
Fred Bartholomew D 13,416 44.9
1920 (67th Congress) Olger B. Burtness R 43,530 57.6
John M. Baer I N-PART 32,072 42.4
1922 (68th Congress) Olger B. Burtness R 45,959 100.0
1924 (69th Congress) Olger B. Burtness R 44,573 75.4
Walter Welford D 14,511 24.6
1926 (70th Congress) Olger B. Burtness R 37,326 79.9
R. E. Smith D 6,136 13.1
Donald McDonald F-LAB 3,246 7.0
1928 (71st Congress) Olger B. Burtness R 53,941 77.5
W. S. Hooper D 15,646 22.5
1930 (72nd Congress) Olger B. Burtness R 42,598 75.0
J. E. Garvey D 14,208 25.0

At large seat(s)

Year Candidate Party Votes %
1932 (73rd Congress) James H. Sinclair R 144,339 65.7
William Lemke R 135,339
William D. Lynch D 72,659 33.9
R. B. Murphy D 71,695
Pat J. Barrett I 690 0.3
Ella Reeve Bloor I 678
1934 (74th Congress) William Lemke R 144,605 49.9
Usher L. Burdick R 114,841
William D. Lynch D 85,771 31.8
G. F. Lamb D 79,338
James H. Sinclair PROG N-PART R 46,304 17.8
Jasper Haaland COM-W-FG 1,299 0.5
Effie Kjorstad COM-W-FG 1,090
1936 (75th Congress) William Lemke R 131,117 54.1
Usher L. Burdick R 115,913
Henry Holt D 100,609 41.7
J.J. Nygaard D 89,722
I.J. Moe I 3,310 1.4
P.H. Miller I 3,273 1.4
E.A. Johannson I 2,697 1.2
Jasper Haaland COM 540 0.2
W.D. Webster COM 461
1938 (76th Congress) William Lemke R 153,106 72.3
Usher L. Burdick R 149,047
Howard I. Henry D 55,125 23.9
Alfred S. Dale D 44,691
J.B. Field I 8,109 3.9
1940 (77th Congress) Usher L. Burdick R 148,227 60.3
Charles R. Robertson R 111,125
R.J. Downey D 63,662 29.4
Adolph Michelson D 63,027
Thomas Hall I 23,399 10.3
John Omland I 20,845
1942 (78th Congress) Usher L. Burdick R 85,936 46.3
William Lemke R 65,905
Charles R. Robertson I 48,472 29.5
Halvor L. Halvorson D 47,972 24.2
E.A. Johansson D 31,547
1944 (79th Congress) William Lemke R 101,007 50.7
Charles R. Robertson R 91,425
Halvor L. Halvorson D 56,699 26.9
J.R. Kennedy D 45,308
Usher L. Burdick I R 39,888 21.0
George McClellan I R 3,135 1.4
A.C. Townley I R 2,307
1946 (80th Congress) William Lemke R 103,205 74.3
Charles R. Robertson R 102,087
James M. Hanley D 41,189 25.7
Edwin Cooper D 29,865
1948 (81st Congress) William Lemke R 132,343 69.0
Usher L. Burdick R 128,454
Alfred Dale D 56,702 30.0
John M. Weiler PROG 1,758 0.9
1950 (82nd Congress) Fred G. Aandahl R 119,047 70.7
Usher L. Burdick R 110,534
Ervin Schumacher D 62,322 29.3
E.A. Johansson D 32,946
1952 (83rd Congress) Usher L. Burdick R 181,218 77.2
Otto Krueger R 156,829
Edward Nesemeier D 49,829 22.8
Scattered votes 49 0.0
1954 (84th Congress) Usher L. Burdick R 124,845 67.1
Otto Krueger R 106,341
P.W. Lanier D 64,089 32.9
Raymond G. Vendsel D 49,183
1956 (85th Congress) Usher L. Burdick R 143,514 62.3
Otto Krueger R 136,003
Agnes Geelan D 85,743 37.7
S.B. Hocking D 83,284
1958 (86th Congress) Quentin Burdick D 99,562 48.4
Don L. Short R 97,862 51.6
Orris G. Nordhougen R 92,124
S.B. Hocking D 78,889
1960 (87th Congress) Don L. Short R 135,579 53.3
Hjalmar C. Nygaard R 127,118
Raymond Vendsel D 120,773 46.7
Anson J. Anderson D 109,207

1st district

Year Candidate Party Votes %
1962 (88th Congress) Hjalmar C. Nygaard R 61,330 54.6
Scott Anderson D 50,924 45.4
October 22, 1963 special election
(88th Congress)
Mark Andrews R 47,062 49.1
John Hove D 42,470 44.3
John W. Scott CON R 5,995 6.3
Thomas W. Dewey I 337 0.4
1964 (89th Congress) Mark Andrews R 69,575 52.1
George A. Sinner D 63,208 47.4
Eugene Van Der Hoeven I 427 0.3
Roger Vorachek I 232 0.2
1966 (90th Congress) Mark Andrews R 66,011 66.2
S.F. Buckshot Hoffner D 33,694 33.8
1968 (91st Congress) Mark Andrews R 84,114 71.9
Bruce Hagen D 30,692 26.2
Rosemary Landsberger I 2,166 1.9
1970 (92nd Congress) Mark Andrews R 72,168 65.7
James E. Brooks D 37,688 34.3

At large seat(s)

Year Candidate Party Votes %
1972 (93rd Congress) Mark Andrews R 195,360 72.7
Richard Ista D 72,850 27.1
Kenneth C. Gardener Sr. I 511 0.2
1974 (94th Congress) Mark Andrews R 130,184 55.7
Byron Dorgan D 103,504 44.3
1976 (95th Congress) Mark Andrews R 181,018 62.4
Lloyd B. Omdahl D 104,263 36.0
Russell Kleppe Am 4,600 1.6
1978 (96th Congress) Mark Andrews R 147,712 67.0
Bruce F. Hagen D 68,016 30.9
Harley J. McLain I 3,197 1.5
Don J. Klingensmith NSP 1,389 0.6
1980 (97th Congress) Byron L. Dorgan D 166,437 56.8
Jim Smykowski R 124,707 42.6
John Lengenfelder I[1] 1,004 0.3
Torfin A. Teigen I 928 0.3
1982 (98th Congress) Byron L. Dorgan D 186,534 71.6
Kent Jones R 72,241 27.7
Don J. Klingensmith P 1,724 0.7
1984 (99th Congress) Byron L. Dorgan D 242,968 78.7
Lois Ivers Altenburg R 65,761 21.3
1986 (100th Congress) Byron L. Dorgan D 216,258 75.5
Syver Vinje R 66,989 23.4
Gerald W. Kopp I 3,114 1.1
1988 (101st Congress) Byron L. Dorgan D 212,583 70.9
Steve Sydness R 84,475 28.2
Kris Brekke LIB 2,924 1.0
1990 (102nd Congress) Byron L. Dorgan D 152,530 65.2
Ed Schafer R 81,443 34.8
Other 6 0.0
1992 (103rd Congress) Earl Pomeroy D 169,273 56.8
John T. Korsmo R 117,442 39.4
Other 11,183 3.8
1994 (104th Congress) Earl Pomeroy D 123,134 52.3
Gary Porter R 105,988 45.0
James Germalic I 6,267 2.7
1996 (105th Congress) Earl Pomeroy D 144,833 55.1
Kevin Cramer R 113,684 43.2
Kenneth R. Loughead I 4,493 1.7
1998 (106th Congress) Earl Pomeroy D 119,668 56.2
Kevin Cramer R 87,511 41.1
Kenneth R. Loughead I 5,709 2.7
2000 (107th Congress) Earl Pomeroy D 151,173 52.9
John Dorso R 127,251 44.5
Jan Shelver I 4,731 1.7
Kenneth R. Loughead I 2,481 0.9
Write-in 22 0.0
2002 (108th Congress) Earl Pomeroy D 121,073 52.4
Rick Clayburgh R 109,957 47.6
2004 (109th Congress) Earl Pomeroy D 185,130 59.6
Duane Sand R 125,684 40.4
2006 (110th Congress) Earl Pomeroy D 142,934 65.7
Matt Mechtel R 74,687 34.3
2008 (111th Congress) Earl Pomeroy D 194,175 62.1
Duane Sand R 118,519 37.9
  • Source: Election statistics compiled by the Clerk to the House of Representatives; Michael J. Dubin, "United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997" (McFarland, 1998).

References

  1. ^ John Lengenfelder described himself as "Academic Christian Freedom, Prolife-Family" when filing for election.

Bibliography


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