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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The North Georgia mountains around Helen, Georgia.

North Georgia is the hilly to mountainous northern region of the U.S. state of Georgia. At the time of the arrival of settlers from Europe, it was inhabited largely by the Cherokee. The counties of North Georgia were often scenes of important events in the history of Georgia. It was the site of many American Civil War battles, including the Battle of Lookout Mountain and the Battle of Chickamauga, leading up to the Atlanta Campaign. Today, particularly in the northeast portion of the region, tourism feeds the local economy.

North Georgia encompasses the North Georgia mountains (far northeast and northwest) region of the state, and the Atlanta metropolitan area, although often it is used to describe only the region north of the metro area, especially in newscasts from the Atlanta media market (which reach nearly all of the northern third of the state). To the south lies middle Georgia or central Georgia, with upstate South Carolina to the east, western North Carolina to the northeast, east Tennessee to the northwest, and northeast Alabama to the west. Part of metro Chattanooga extends into the far northwest from Tennessee, while most of the rest of the region is associated more with Atlanta-area mass media.

The highest of Georgia's part of the Appalachian Mountains are near the North Carolina border, including Brasstown Bald, the highest point in the state. The northwest contains part of the Eastern Tennessee Seismic Zone, and small earthquakes felt as far away as Atlanta have occurred. The foothills gradually flatten out toward the south, and much of metro Atlanta is hilly as well, especially to the north and west of the city.

Major rivers include the upper Chattahoochee River, upper Savannah River, Etowah River, far upper Flint River, and upper Coosa River. Smaller tributary rivers are the Little River, Chestatee River, Chattooga River, Tallulah River, Tugalo River, Oostanaula River, Coosawattee River, Cartecay River, Ellijay River, Conasauga River, Toccoa River, Sweetwater Creek, upper Tallapoosa River, upper Yellow River, upper Oconee River, Nottely River, and small headwaters of the far upper Hiawassee River and Little Tennessee River. Were it not for an 1800s surveying error that failed to place the state's northern border at exactly 35°N, it would also touch the Tennessee River.


Notable North Georgia locations

Famous North Georgians

See also



Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Historic High Country article)

From Wikitravel

North America : United States of America : South : Georgia : Historic High Country
If you are looking for the region of the former Soviet republic, see Northwestern Georgia.

North Georgia is a mountainous region in the state of Georgia.

Regions in Historic High Country
Regions in Historic High Country
Northwest High Country
The northwest corner of the state borders Alabama and Tennessee. The nearest large city is Chattanooga, Tennessee and accordingly Lookout Mountain, Ruby Falls, and Rock City. The largest city, Dalton is well known for its carpet industry. Other attractions include Cloudland Canyon State Park, Fort Mountain State Park, Chief Vann House Historic Site, and the Chattahoochee National Forest.
West High Country
The West High Country region of Georgia is comprised of 6 counties located near the western border of the state with Alabama. Attractions include the Etowah Indian Mounds, the Booth Western Art Museum, and the Silver Comet bike trail.
Central High Country (Cherokee County (Georgia), Dawson County (Georgia), Lumpkin County (Georgia))
The Central High Country consists of 7 counties north of Atlanta. The southern most counties are quickly growing as the metro Atlanta area expands while the northern counties are well suited for outdoor activities and tourism. Several of the towns hold a variety of annual festivals. Lake Lanier and Lake Altoona also provide amply opportunity for water sports and recreation. The largest city in this region is Gainesville while Ellijay and Dahlonega offer many opportunities for tourists.
Northeast High Country (Rabun County (Georgia), Towns County (Georgia) Union County (Georgia), White County (Georgia))
The Northeast region of the Georgia High Country consists of the counties that are in the most northeast corner of Georgia. They share borders with Tennessee, North Carolina, and South Carolina. There are many artistan and tourist driven communities in this region including Helen, Blue Ridge, and Clayton.
East High Country
The East region of the Georgia Historic High Country shares a border with South Carolina, the Metro Atlanta area, and Classic Heartland of Georgia. Athens and Clemson are notable college towns that are near this area.
Amacalola Falls
Amacalola Falls
  • Amacalola Falls State Park
  • Fort Mountain State Park
  • Lake Alatoona
  • Lake Chatuge State Park
  • Lake Hartwell
  • Lake Lanier Islands
  • Tallulah Gorge State Park
  • Unicoi State Park
  • Vogel State Park



Although the climate and weather is usually mild with warm to hot summers and tolerably winters there is the possibility of severe weather. Although the chances of such weather are rare it is important for travelers to understand what to do in severe weather especially in cases where events are unfamiliar.

  • Flooding- In recent years this area suffered from severe drought and more recently increased amounts of rainfall. In 2009 the increased rainfall caused flooding. In the case of a flood find high ground and do not try to cross water flowing over a roadway.
  • Thunderstorms- Are large rain storms that contain high winds, rain, lighting, thunder, and sometimes hail. Thunderstorms can quickly develop into tornadoes. During a thunderstorm stay inside also be prepared for power outages caused by falling trees. More people are killed or injured in the United States by thunderstorms than by hurricanes and tornadoes combined.
  • Tornadoes- A tornado is a spinning column of very low-pressure air, which sucks the surrounding air inward and upward. See Tornado safety for more information.
  • Winter Weather- In this area of Georgia winter weather can cause lots of problems. There is a variance as to how much and what type of winter weather a specific area in this region will receive because of the differences in elevation caused by mountainous areas. Winter weather can be expected 2-3 times a year. Northerners often scoff at the locals fear of winter weather but caution should be observed. During such occasions the temperature usually hovers near freezing causing a wild mix of weather and conditions. A mix of snow, freezing rain, and sleet is usually expected. Local drivers are not accustomed to driving in this type of weather. Black ice can occur on roadways especially bridges. Ice storms are more common than blizzards.
  • Dahlonega - historic gold rush town, including the Dahlonega Gold Museum
  • Helen - created to resemble and Alpine Village, and nearby areas of Unicoi and Sautee-Nachoochee Valley.
  • Amacalola Falls
  • Tallulah Gorge
  • Lake Chatuge
  • Brasstown Bald
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