North Paravur: Wikis

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Paravur
Paravur
Location of Paravur
in Kerala and India
Coordinates 10°38′N 76°13′E / 10.64°N 76.21°E / 10.64; 76.21
Country  India
State Kerala
District(s) Ernakulam
Population 30056 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Website Paravur.com http://North Paravur.com

North Paravur (also Parur, Paravur taluk, Paravoor) is a town and a municipality in Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is an old and growing municipality. Paravur is the capital of Paravur Taluk in Ernakulam district. The Paravur town is 17 km away from Edappally in city of Kochi.

Contents

Overview

Cherai beach is only 6 km from Paravur town. The coastal highway NH-17 Ernakulam - Manglore- Mumbai passes through this town. This town had been an old trading post and has a Jewish synagogue and had a thriving Jewish community before their resettlement in Israel after its establishment. Cochin Jews lived in the towns of Kochi, Ernakulam and North Paravur.

The various denominations of modern Saint Thomas Christians ascribe their unwritten tradition to the end of the 2nd century and believe that Thomas landed at Maliankara near Moothakunnam village in Paravur Taluk in AD 52.In AD 52 (St. Thomas) founded the churches popularly known as 'Ezharappallikal'. These churches are at Kodungallur, Kottakkaavu, North Paravur, Kollam, Niranam, Nilackal (Chayal), Kokkamangalam, Palayoor (Chattukulangara) and Thiruvithamkodethe half church.

It is situated at north end of Ernakulam district and bordering with Thrissur district. The towns in Thrissur district like Kodungallore, Mala, Chalakudy and the towns Kalamassery, Aluva, Angamaly, Vypin island are located near to this town. The Paravur Taluk lies in the flat delta region of the Periyar river and cut by several canals, which have resulted in the formation of many islands. The Kodungalloor Kayal and Varappuzha Kayal are in this taluk.

Geography

Paravur is located at 8.78° N 76.7° E[1]. It has an average elevation of 10 metres (32 feet).

Major Temples in the taluk

Parur is a real Temple Town!

The reason for so many temples in the region is attributed to the influence of Travancore State and Cochin State rulers who ruled North Paravur for many years. Also at different points in history, Karnataka brahmins (pottie, Embran etc) Tamil Brahmins ( Iyers) and GSB Brahmins ( Prabhu, Shenoy, Pai etc) came to this town, settled here and constructed temples for themselves and for their workers who spoke same or similar languages.

  • Sree Venketachalapathi Temple Potten Street, KMK Junction.
  • Sree Venugopalaswami temple, Chennamangalam.
  • Mookambika Saraswathi Temple- One of the most important Saraswathy temples in Kerala
  • Peruvaram Mahadeva Temple.
  • Kannankulangara Sreekrishna Temple.
  • Veluthattamma Temple ( Famous for a ritual called Muttu to predict uncertainties related to marriage, career etc).
  • Kalikulangara Temple: Famous for Thendu.
  • Thonniakavu Bhadrakali Temple.
  • Kshemodayam Ayyappa Temple ,Nanthiyattukunnam.
  • Ayyappa Temple ,Kottakkakam,Near KSRTC Transport Bus Stand.
  • Amman Kovil Temple.
  • Subramanya Swami Temple ,Mannam.
  • Markandeya Temple ( one of the few Shiva temples dedicated to chiranjeevi Markandeya).
  • Neeleeswarm Siva Temple, Pattanam

Around are the following temples (5 – 40 km)

  • Alangad Shiva Temple
  • Kalady Sharadamba temple ( Birth place of Adi shankara)
  • Thiruvanchikkulam Shiva temple (ASI protected monument, Temple built during Chera Period)
  • Thiruvanchikkulam Keezhthali Temple ( ASI protected monument, Construction in Laterite stone, like Ankor Wat but small in size)
  • Thiru Kulashekhara Puram Krishna Temple
  • Thiru Kulashekhara Puram Lord Balaji Temple at the Birth place of Kula Shekhara Azhwar
  • Kodungallur Bhagavati temple
  • Nalambalam - Triprayar (Sri rama Temple), KudalManikyam (Bharata Temple), Thiru Muzhikkulam (Lakshmana Temple), Payammal (Shatrughna temple) - All to be seen at a single stretch
  • Pambummekkattu Mana (snake Temple)
  • Vezhamparambu Mana ( A trditional authority on Thantric science, Ayurveda science and other ancient sciences in kerala, traditional supreme priests (Thantri) of all temple at Parur)
  • Aluva Siva temple (Famous for sivaratri mahotsava and karkidaka vavu bali)

Higher Education Institutions

S N V sanscrit H S S Nandyattukunnam,North Paravoor

  • Adarsha Vidya Bhavan Senior Secondary School, Nanthiyaattkunnam, North Paravur
  • Sree Narayana Arts & Science College ,Kedamangalam, North Paravur
  • SNMIMT A self finance engineering college run by The Hindu Matha Dharma Paripalana Sabha(H.M.D.P Sabha) ,North Paravur Moothakunnam,SNMIMT Portal
  • SNM Training College SNM Training College Portal
  • Holymatha College of engineering, N.Paravur Manakkapady,Holymatha College
  • SNGIST College offering MBA, MCA,and MSc. Bio-informatics courses.Thekketazham,Manjaly,North Paravur SNGIST Portal
  • Lakshmi College North Paravur, which is the largest parallel college in Kerala with more than three thousand students.
  • Holy India School North Paravur. HI Portal
  • Sree Narayana Medical College,Chalaka,North Paravur SNIMS Portal
  • MES College, Kunnukara,North Paravur
  • Kesari Arts & Science College,North Paravur
  • St. Aloysious High School,North Paravur
  • Presentation college,Puthanvelikara,North Paravur Presentation college portal
  • Matha College of Technology,Manakkapady North Paravur
  • Government Boys High School,North Paravoor
  • Government Higher Secondary School,North Paravoor[this school is locally known as BOYS]

Ezhikkara is also a place near paravoor. It is very rich in fisheries and coconut trees Thattampady is an attractive place having numerous paddy fields and brick manufacturing industries,which is almost 5 km from N.Paravoor.It is famous for its cultural practices,fests,religious diversities and sports events.

Pin Code Index for the taluk of Paravur

Places of interest

Transportation

KL-42 is the RTO code for Paravur Taluk,Vypin and North Paravur. There is a KSRTC Subdepot, Private Limited Stop bus stand and a Private bus stand in the town conducting services to all important places of Kerala. There is frequent bus services to Ernakulam, Aluva, Kodungallore, Guruvayur, Thrissur etc from here. There is also night services from & towards Kottayam, Pala, Hilly areas of Kannur and Kasaragod districts, Wayanad operated by private buses. The nearest railway station is Aluva 16 km away. The Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery is only 21 km away from the town. There is frequent boats and ferry services in the near by rivers and lagoons.

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Distance by road

Important roads

Administration

North Paravur is the headquarters of Paravur Taluk and Paravur,Kalamassery Assembly constituencies. North Paravur is a Municipality in Ernakulam district.The Grama Panchayats in ParavurTaluk are Alengad, Chendamangalam, Chittatukara, Eloor, Ezhikkara, Kadungalloor, Karumalore, Kottuvally, Kunnukara, Puthanvelikkara, VadakkekaraAnd Varappuzha. The Block Panchayats are Paravur, Alengad, Parakkadav Paravur Assembly constituency belong to Ernakulam Loksabha constituency represented by K.V.Thomas.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[1], Paravur had a population of 30,056. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Paravur has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 84%. In Paravur, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The majority of residents of North Paravur, are Malayalis; however, there are significant ethnic minority communities including Tamils, Konkanis, and Tuluvas.

Politics

Parur assembly constituency is part of Ernakulam (Lok Sabha constituency).[2]

Agriculture

Pokkali Cyclic Paddy Cultivation Method was widely used

North Paravur historically practiced the Pokkali Cyclic Paddy Cultivation Method. After the harvest, the decaying stubbles of the paddy serve as food for the prawns and likewise the prawn excreta make the field fertile. No pesticides or fertilizers are used in the fields, in contrast to other prevalent farming practices.

As in other areas of Kerala, paddy fields are widely being reclaimed in North Paravur. Once there were acres of fine wet paddy fields. Pokkali paddy-cum-prawn farming (cyclic farming method) was the traditional practice for farming. This farming method may be one of the most eco-friendly of all farming practices in the world. But once the paddy fields fell into neglect, they became infertile for many years. Eventually those infertile fields were reclaimed and sold for huge profits.

References


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : South Asia : India : Southern India : Kerala : North Paravur

North Paravur is a Thaluk in Ernakulam district in Kerala.

Regions

The old Port City Muziris is the Pattanam (Pazhnam) in Paravoor.

Paravur is basically a residential municipal town. Most of the present residents have come recently and made their houses.

The town is just about 10 to 15 km away from the industrial belt of Eloor - Binanipuram - Kalamassery. There are a number of large factories in this industrial belt and the people working in these concerns are now residing in Paravur.

Apart from the above a number teachers working in the many schools and colleges in and around Paravur also have made Paravur their base.

Cities

there is no cities in north paravoor. north paravoor is a small town near by the Cochin city. The nearest areas in the north paravoor is - Andipillikaavu, Moothkunnam, Munambam, Cheari, Thekke naaluvazi, KMK junction, Chenda mangalam, Pooshari padi, Thiruthipuram, Perumpadnna, Vadkumpuram, Gothuruth, Pattanam, Manakkapadi, Mannam.......

Other destinations

Other historical places near Paravoor are Kodungaloor, Chendamangalam, Cherai, and Pallippuram

Understand

Visit Kottayil Kovilakam, In case you are interested in visiting old monuments there is a cynagogue at Jews street, Peruvaaram Shiva temple, Mookambika temple, Mannam Subrahmaniya swamy temple,Kannankulangara temple, Jacobite Syrian Church etc.

Get in

Kochi International AirPort is 15 km from Paravur. Nearest Railway Station is Aluva 16 km away from here. Cherai beach is just 4 km away from paravoor town. Keralas famous temple Dakshina mookambika is staying in the heart of north paravoor town.

  • Mookambika Temple, the Saraswathi Temple built in the middle of a pond.Peruvaram mahadeva temple is one of the oldest temple situated in paravur,kannan kulangara temple,thonniyakavu temple,kaali kulangara temple,velutattu vadakkan chowa temple,kottakakam temple,etc are the major temples in north paravur.

Itineraries

Cherai Beach is only 5 km from here. Cheari beach is a wonderful place to be. You can have boat ride in the lakes near beach. Can have bath as well as sun bathe.

Your itenary would depend on your interest. In case you are interested in exploring history visit the temples ( peruvaram shiva temple, Mookambika temple(Godess of learning),Mannam Subramanya temple, Kannankulangara krishna temple) Jew Synagogue, Churches ( jacobite syrian church, St thomas church etc) etc. Take an auto and you can complete the entire trip in half a day. Remmber all these places especially temples open early morning (5 am), close by 11 and then re open from 5 to 8 pm. If you are a foreigner there would be certain areas where you are not allowed the entry.

From paravoor you can also travel to Cheraman Mosque ( the first islamic mosque in India), Ancient musris port ( now known as kottapuram), Thiruvanchikkulam mahadeva temple ( now protected by ASI), kizhthali shiva temple, shringapuram temple, kodungallur Bhadrakali temple & have a ride in the lake in a country boat.

Other places of interest around paravoor are Chendamangalam ( home to paliyath family, who occupied high places in the ancient cochin kingdom, Alangad ( Again famous shiva temple), Kalady ( birth place of shankaracharya), Aluva Manalpuram ( famous for shivarathri festivel) etc.

Do

Do not venture too much into the sea if you had beer / local toddy. Also if you do not know swimming dont venture into the sea too much. ITs dangerous. Else its ok.

Eat

Sea Food, hotel white city and ceecee is the 2 three star hotels in the north paravoor. in the evening kappa and meat is the favorite food of people in the north paravoor.

Drink

Local"Kallu" the toddy.KARIMEEN CURRY,KAPPA,MURINGA,KAKKA,NJANDU,etc are main foods.

the quality charayam is getting from north paravoor.

Stay safe

if you have any emergency just call:0484-2442221,

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