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Northern Cyprus

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Politics and government of
Northern Cyprus



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Early parliamentary elections were held in the internationally unrecognised Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus on February 20, 2005, after the coalition government led by Mehmet Ali Talat lost its majority in the House of Representatives. The assembly has 50 members, elected for a five year term by mitigated proportional representation. A party must cross the election threshold (5% of the total vote) to get any seats in parliament.

Contents

Official results

The vote was a resounding victory for Mehmet Ali Talat's CTP-United Forces alliance, although it fell just short of a parliamentary majority. The UBP, DP and BDH have also crossed the 5% election threshold and have won seats in parliament. Party leader Mehmet Ali Talat will have to form a coalition, although a coalition even with the smallest Peace and Democracy Movement party will be sufficient to establish a majority. Talat has already said, however, that he not ruling out any option, even hinting he may offer a coalition to second-placed National Unity.

Nationwide results

As published by the Turkish Cypriot Electoral Commission in the Official Gazette on February 22:

Party Leader Votes % of total vote Seats +/-
Ctp-northcyprus-small.jpg Republican Turkish Party and United Forces (CTP-BG) Mehmet Ali Talat 261,287 44.5 24 5
National Unity Party (UBP) Dervis Eroglu 160,974 31.7 19 1
Dp-northcyprus-small.jpg Democratic Party (DP) Serdar Denktash 71,764 13.5 6 −1
Peace and Democracy Movement (BDH) Mustafa Akinci 40,174 5.8 1 −5
Tkp-northcyprus-small.jpg Social Liberation Party (TKP) Hüseyin Angolemli 15,428 2.4 0 N/A
New Party (YP) Nuri Çevikel 5,998 1.6 0 N/A
Nationalist Justice Party (MAP) Ata Tepe 2,088 0.5 0 N/A

(+/-) - Difference in seats from 2003 election.

The participation rate was 80.82%, with 119,009 out of 147,249 eligible voters casting a ballot.

Aftermath

Under the Turkish Cypriot constitution, the members of the new parliament must gather to be sworn in 10 days after the results are officially published - in this case on March 4. Soon after this first session, President Rauf Denktaş will ask Mehmet Ali Talat to form the next government. Talat will then have 15 days to establish a coalition government.

Talat has said his party has not yet reviewed its options, although he said to journalists on February 23 that he has "two coalition alternatives: the Democrat Party or the National Unity Party".

June 2006 by-election

A by-election was held on 25 June 2006 to fill the positions left vacant by the death of Salih Miroglu (general secretary of the National Unity Party) and by Mehmet Ali Talat's election to the presidency. The two parliamentary seats in contention were in Lefkoşa and Kyrenia.[1] This by-election was held together with municipal elections, and the United States Department of State reported that both "were generally free and fair".[2] Of the two vacant seats, one was held by the National Unity Party, the other by the Republican Turkish Party (RTP). The two elected candidates were Gülboy Beydağlı and Özkan Yorgancıoğlu, both of which belong to the RTP.[3] The latter thus increased its representation in the Assembly from 24 to 25 seats. The ruling coalition of the RTP and the Democratic Party had difficulty forming a government after this by-election. When three deputies (two from the National Unity Party and one from the Democratic Party) resigned to form the new, progovernment Freedom and Reform Party in September, the coalition collapsed and Serdar Denktaş quit the government.[4] The RTP then formed a coalition government with the newly formed Freedom and Reform Party, in which it was the biggest partner, holding seven ministries.[5]

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ "Results out for TRNC local elections". Cypnet. 2006-07-07. http://www.cypnet.com/news/news.php?go=fullnews&id=28. Retrieved 2008-04-22.  
  2. ^ "Cyprus". 2007 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. 2008-03-11. http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2007/100554.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-22.  
  3. ^ "List of deputies" (in Turkish). Official Website of the Assembly of the Republic. http://www.cm.gov.nc.tr/index/milletvekilleri/soyad.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-22.  
  4. ^ "Northern (Turkish) Cyprus". Freedom in the World. Freedom House. 2007-04-16. http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/refworld/rwmain?docid=473c560e61. Retrieved 2008-04-22.  
  5. ^ "Political situation in the occupied areas". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Cyprus. August 2007. http://www.mfa.gov.cy/mfa/mfa2006.nsf/cyprus08_en/cyprus08_en?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2008-04-22.  
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