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Northumberland County, Virginia
Seal of Northumberland County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Northumberland County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Seat Heathsville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

286 sq mi (741 km²)

93 sq mi (241 km²), 32.68%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

12,259
65/sq mi (25/km²)
Founded 1648
Website www.co.northumberland.va.us

Northumberland County is a county located on the Northern Neck in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state in the United States. In 2000, its population was 12,259. Its county seat is Heathsville[1]. The county is located on the Northern Neck peninsula and is part of the Northern Neck George Washington Birthplace AVA winemaking appellation.

Contents

History

The county was created by the Virginia General Assembly in 1648 during a period of rapid population growth and geographic expansion. Settlement began in this area of the Northern Neck around 1635. Originally known as the Indian district Chickacoan, the first appearance of the name Northumberland in the colonial records was in 1644. The following year, John Mottrom served as the first burgess for the territory in the House of Burgesses which met at the capital of the Virginia Colony at Jamestown.

The size of the county was drastically reduced in 1651 and 1653 as Lancaster County and Westmoreland County, respectively, were carved out of Northumberland County.

Of the 172 counties that have ever existed in Virginia's history, Northumberland ended up being "ancestor" of 116 of these - more than the current number of counties (several having been lost to other states).[2]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 286 square miles (740 km²), of which, 192 square miles (498 km²) of it is land and 93 square miles (242 km²) of it (32.68%) is water. The county is located between the Rappahannock River and Potomac River.

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Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 12,259 people, 5,470 households, and 3,785 families residing in the county. The population density was 64 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 8,057 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 72.18% White, 26.58% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,470 households out of which 20.11% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.70.

In the county, the population was spread out with 18.60% under the age of 18, 4.80% from 18 to 24, 20.20% from 25 to 44, 30.10% from 45 to 64, and 26.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 91.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,129, and the median income for a family was $49,047. Males had a median income of $30,151 versus $24,116 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,917. 12.30% of the population and 8.10% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 17.00% are under the age of 18 and 10.70% are 65 or older.

Government, Law Enforcement, and Emergency Services

The county is governed by a Board of Supervisors, who are elected every four years from each of the five districts.

There is no police department in the county. Instead, law enforcement is the responsibility of the county Sheriff, who is a constitutional officer elected every four years. The Northumberland County Sheriff's Office is located in Heathsville.

Northumberland County has two courthouses; an antebellum building constructed before the Civil War and a new building constructed in the late 1990s behind the older structure. The county courts (Circuit Court, General District Court, and Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court) and the Clerk of the Circuit Court, a constitutional officer, are located in the new building. The Commissioner of Revenue and the Treasurer, both constitutional officers, have offices in the older building.

Northumberland County is one of the few counties left in Virginia that has all volunteer emergency services. The county is served by two fire departments, Callao Volunteer Fire Department in Callao and Fairfields Volunteer Fire Department in Reedville. There are 3 rescue squads that serve the county, Callao Volunteer Rescue Squad in Callao, Mid-County Volunteer Rescue Squad in Heathsville and, Northumberland County Rescue Squad in Reedville. The county also has a water rescue service, Smith Point Sea Rescue.

Reedville, menhaden fishing industry

Reedville is a small town in eastern Northumberland County on the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay. Reedville is home to the Atlantic menhaden fishing industry. It is named for Captain Elijah W. Reed (1827-1888), who is credited with bringing the menhaden fishing industry and the tremendous wealth which resulted from it to Reedville and to Northumberland County. Reedville, a town of approximately 500, was once known as the wealthiest town in the United States due to the large sums of money produced by the menhaden industry. [needs citation]

Years ago, dozens of fish processing factories, most recently Omega Protein Corporation (successor to Zapata Haynie, Reedville Oil and Guano Company and Haynie Products Company) and Standard Products Company, dotted the Northumberland coastline near Reedville and adjacent fishing communities.

Today, Omega Protein remains as the largest industrial organization in the area. Omega, with a fleet of large ocean-going fish harvesting vessels, supported by a number of spotter aircraft, is a major industry in the area and on the eastern seaboard. Menhaden, once caught, are cooked in large mass and processed for further use in various applications including as a protein additive for poultry feed.

Located at the eastern terminus of U.S. Route 360, Reedville is a popular place to begin fishing charters and trips to Tangier Island in the Bay, Reedville is also a tourist destination itself, steeped in the history of the menhaden fishing industry. The Millionaire's Row of Victorian-era mansions and several watercraft of the Fishermen's Museum each listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Communities

Town

Unincorporated communities

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ A Hornbook of Virginia History, p. 9.
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

Coordinates: 37°52′N 76°23′W / 37.86°N 76.38°W / 37.86; -76.38


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Northumberland County, Virginia
Seal of Northumberland County, Virginia
Map
File:Map of Virginia highlighting Northumberland County.png
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1648
Seat Heathsville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

740 km² (286 mi²)
 sq mi ( km²)
242 km² (93 mi²), 32.68%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

12,259
25/km² 
Website: www.co.northumberland.va.us

Northumberland County is a county located on the Northern Neck in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state in the United States. As of 2000, the population is 12,259. Its county seat is Heathsville6. The county is located on the Northern Neck peninsula and is part of the Northern Neck George Washington Birthplace AVA winemaking appellation.

Contents

History

The county was created by the Virginia General Assembly in 1648 during a period of rapid population growth and geographic expansion. Settlement began in this area of the Northern Neck around 1635. Originally known as the Indian district Chickacoan, the first appearance of the name Northumberland in the colonial records was in 1644. The following year, John Mottrom served as the first burgess for the territory in the House of Burgesses which met at the capital of the Virginia Colony at Jamestown.

The size of the county was drastically reduced in 1652 and 1653 as Lancaster County and Westmoreland County, respectively, were carved out of Northumberland County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 740 km² (286 mi²). 498 km² (192 mi²) of it is land and 242 km² (93 mi²) of it (32.68%) is water. The county is located between the Rappahannock River and Potomac River.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 12,259 people, 5,470 households, and 3,785 families residing in the county. The population density was 25/km² (64/mi²). There were 8,057 housing units at an average density of 16/km² (42/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 72.18% White, 26.58% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,470 households out of which 20.11% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.70.

In the county, the population was spread out with 18.60% under the age of 18, 4.80% from 18 to 24, 20.20% from 25 to 44, 30.10% from 45 to 64, and 26.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 91.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,129, and the median income for a family was $49,047. Males had a median income of $30,151 versus $24,116 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,917. 12.30% of the population and 8.10% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 17.00% are under the age of 18 and 10.70% are 65 or older.

Reedville, menhaden fishing industry

Reedville is a small town in eastern Northumberland County on the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay. Reedville is home to the Atlantic menhaden fishing industry. It is named for Captain Elijah W. Reed (1827-1888), who is credited with bringing the menhaden fishing industry and the tremendous wealth which resulted from it to Reedville and to Northumberland County. Reedville, a town of approximately 500, was once known as the wealthiest town in the United States due to the large sums of money produced by the menhaden industry. [needs citation]

Years ago, dozens of fish processing factories, most recently Omega Protein Corporation (successor to Zapata Haynie, Reedville Oil and Guano Company and Haynie Products Company) and Standard Products Company, dotted the Northumberland coastline near Reedville and adjacent fishing communities.

Today, Omega Protein remains as the largest industrial organization in the area. Omega, with a fleet of large ocean-going fish harvesting vessels, supported by a number of spotter aircraft, is a major industry in the area and on the eastern seaboard. Menhaden, once caught, are cooked in large mass and processed for further use in various applications including as a protein additive for poultry feed.

Located at the eastern terminus of U.S. Route 360, Reedville is a popular place to begin fishing charters and trips to Tangier Island in the Bay, Reedville is also a tourist destination itself, steeped in the history of the menhaden fishing industry. The Millionaire's Row of Victorian-era mansions and several watercraft of the Fishermen's Museum each listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Trivia

Northumberland County has two stop lights; one in Callao, an unincorporated town in the western section of the county, and one in Burgess. Callao is also the site of Northumberland's only Virginia alcoholic beverage control store. Northumberland County Public Schools, the public school system, has three schools; an elementary school, a middle school, and a high school. The high school, with grades 9-12, has approximately 400 students. The high school's athletic colors are green and gold and the mascot is an Indian; athletic teams are known as the "Indians".

Northumberland County is served by volunteer emergency services organizations. There are two fire departments; Fairfields Volunteer Fire Department with stations in Reedville and Burgess in the eastern section of the county, and Callao Volunteer Fire Department with a station in Callao in the western section of the county. Ambulance services are provided by the Northumberland County Rescue Squad in Reedville, Mid-County Rescue Squad in Heathsville, and Callao Rescue Squad in Callao. Smith Point Sea Rescue is a maritime rescue assistance organization that operates from Reedville.

Northumberland County's law enforcement activities are the responsibility of the county Sheriff. The county does not have a police department. The Sheriff is a constitutional officer (the Virginia constitution mandates that every local government have a sheriff) who is elected every four years.

Northumberland County has five districts who elect supervisors. One district has an African-American majority. The supervisors, elected every four years, comprise the Board of Supervisors who are the county's governing body. The county school board has five members, one representing each district, as well. The members of the school board are elected officials.

Northumberland County has two courthouses; an antebellum building constructed before the Civil War and a new building constructed in the late 1990s behind the older structure. The county courts (Circuit Court, General District Court, and Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court) and the Clerk of the Circuit Court, a constitutional officer, are located in the new building. The Commissioner of Revenue and the Treasurer, both constitutional officers, have offices in the older building.

Towns

There are no incorporated towns in the county. Significant unincorporated villages include:

References

http://www.co.northumberland.va.us/

Coordinates: 37°52′N 76°23′W / 37.86, -76.38 Category:Northern Neck


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Northumberland County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Northumberland County, VirginiaRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Virginia  +
Short name Northumberland County  +

This article uses material from the "Northumberland County, Virginia" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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