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Norwegian Labour Party
Det norske arbeiderparti
Leader Jens Stoltenberg
Parliamentary leader Helga Pedersen
Founded 1887
Headquarters Youngstorget 2 A, 5th floor Oslo
Youth wing Workers' Youth League
Membership 51,500 (2008)[1]
Ideology Social democracy
Democratic socialism[2]
Political position Centre-left
International affiliation Socialist International
Labour and Socialist International (1938-1940)
Comintern (1921-1923)
European affiliation Party of European Socialists
Official colours Red
Parliament:
Counties:[3]
Municipalities:[3]
Website
http://arbeiderpartiet.no/
Politics of Norway
Political parties
Elections
The party headquarters

The Norwegian Labour Party (Norwegian: Det norske arbeiderparti, DNA or Arbeiderpartiet, Ap) is a social-democratic[4] political party in Norway. It is the senior partner in the current Norwegian government as part of the Red-Green Coalition, and its leader, Jens Stoltenberg, is the current Prime Minister of Norway.

The Labour Party is officially committed to social-democratic ideals. During the last 20 years, the party has included more principles of social market economy in its policy, allowing for privatization of government-held assets and services and reducing income tax progressivity, following the liberal wave of the 1980s.

The Labour Party profiles itself as a progressive party that subscribes to cooperation on a national as well as international level.

The party's youth wing is AUF (Arbeidernes Ungdomsfylking).

Contents

History

The party was founded in 1887 in Arendal and first ran in elections to the Storting (parliament) in 1894. It finally entered parliament in 1903 and steadily increased its vote until 1927, when it became the largest party--a position it has retained ever since, often with an absolute majority of parliamentary seats.

From its roots as a radical alternative to the political establishment, the party grew to its current dominance through several eras:

The party experienced a split in 1921 caused by a decision made two years earlier to join the Communist International, and the Social Democratic Labour Party of Norway was formed. In 1923 the party left the Communist International, while a significant minority of its members left the party to form the Communist Party of Norway. In 1927, the social democrats were reunited with Labour.

The first Labour government, led by Christopher Hornsrud, was formed in 1928, lasting only two weeks. During the early 1930s Labour abandoned its revolutionary profile and set a reformist course. Labour then returned to government in 1935 and remained in power until 1965 (except for the World War II exile period between 1940-1945 and one month in 1963). During most of the first twenty years after World War II, Einar Gerhardsen lead the party and the country. He is often referered to as "Landsfaderen" (Father of the Nation), and is generally considered one of the main architects of the rebuilding of Norway after World War II. This is often considered the "golden age" of the Norwegian Labour Party.

The party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International between 1938 and 1940.[5]

Other periods of the Labour Party's leadership of the national government have been 1971-1972, 1973-1981, 1986-1989, 1990-1997, 2000-2001 and since 2005. Thus, the party has held power for 24 of the past 38 years (to 2009) and it is largely through their efforts that the modern welfare state in Norway has been created.

In the election in 2001 the party reached a low point of 24.3% of the popular vote, but was still the largest party in the Storting. In the election of 2005 the party regained support and received 32.7% of the popular vote. It is the leading partner in the centre-left Red-Green Coalition, which won a majority in the 2005 elections. Labour leader Jens Stoltenberg became prime minister and leads a coalition government, the first one that the Norwegian Labour Party has entered. He was previously prime minister from 2000 to 2001.

Party leaders

Votes to the Labour Party in the 2009 election, by county
The Labour Party's number of seats in parliament by county after the 2009 election

Labour Prime Ministers

Parliamentary election results

Parliamentary election results, Arbeiderpartiet.
Campaign booth at Karl Johans gate ahead of the Norwegian local elections, 2007.
Year  % of votes Members of the Storting
1894 0.3 0 out of 114
1897 0.6 0 out of 114
1900 5.2 0 out of 114
1903 12.1 4 out of 117
1906 15.9 11 out of 123
1909 21.5 11 out of 123
1912 26.2 23 out of 123
1915 32.0 19 out of 123
1918 31.6 18 out of 126
1921 21.3 29 out of 150
1924 18.4 24 out of 150
1927 36.8 59 out of 150
1930 31.4 47 out of 150
1933 40.1 69 out of 150
1936 42.5 70 out of 150
1945 41.0 76 out of 150
1949 45.7 85 out of 150
1953 46.7 77 out of 150
1957 48.3 78 out of 150
1961 46.8 74 out of 150
1965 43.1 68 out of 150
1969 46.5 74 out of 150
1973 35.3 62 out of 155
1977 42.3 76 out of 155
1981 37.1 65 out of 155
1985 40.8 71 out of 157
1989 34.3 63 out of 165
1993 36.9 67 out of 165
1997 35.0 65 out of 165
2001 24.3 43 out of 165
2005 32.7 61 out of 169
2009 35.4 64 out of 169

References

External links


Simple English

The Norwegian Labour Party has been, since its founding in the early 20th century, the principal political party of the left in Norway. It is currently the party of government in the country. It is the biggest party in Norway.








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