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Nottoway County, Virginia
Seal of Nottoway County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Nottoway County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Seat Nottoway
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

316 sq mi (818 km²)

1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.46%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

15,725
49/sq mi (19/km²)
Founded 1789
Website www.nottoway.org

Nottoway County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 15,725. Its county seat is Nottoway[1].

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 316 square miles (819 km²), of which, 315 square miles (815 km²) of it is land and 1 square miles (4 km²) of it (0.46%) is water.

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Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 15,725 people, 5,664 households, and 3,885 families residing in the county. The population density was 50 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 6,373 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 57.16% White, 40.56% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.01% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 1.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,664 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% were married couples living together, 15.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 106.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,866, and the median income for a family was $39,625. Males had a median income of $28,533 versus $19,718 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,552. About 15.50% of families and 20.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.70% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over.

History

Prior to the arrival of European settlers, the land that would become Nottoway County was inhabited by American Indians of the Nadowa tribe, an Iroquoian people. They lived along the county’s only river, the Nadowa, an Algonquin word meaning rattlesnake, and became associated with the area they inhabited. The name was anglicized to ‘Nottoway’, and from this the name of the county was derived. The people of this "Nottoway Tribe" call themselves Cheroenhaka, meaning "People At The Fork Of The Stream".

Before the county established its own government, it was known as Nottoway Parish, a district of Amelia County. Nottoway Parish became Nottoway County by legislative act in 1788. The county contained numerous early crossroads settlements connecting the new western frontier with the population centers of Petersburg and Richmond to the north and east and until recent times owed much of its prospertity to tobacco. First coming to Nottoway in the 1850s, railroad construction and associated industries eventually came to represent a major portion of business in the area. In fact, one of the county's larger towns, Crewe, owes its existence to the railroad siding established at Robertson's Switch in the 1880s. In recent decades, however, the decline of tobacco and the railroads has presented the county, like much of Southside Virginia, with economic difficulties and lead many Nottoway families to seek jobs and homes in Richmond and other prospering cities in the central Virginia.

During the Civil War, the county contributed to the Confederate cause raising two infantry companies, the Nottoway Rifle Guards, and Capt. Richard Irby's Nottoway Grays; Jeffress' artillery battery; and the Nottoway Troop of the 3rd Virginia Cavalry. The two infantry companies served in the 18th Virginia Infantry Regiment and saw extensive service throughout the Eastern Theatre, but most notably at the Battle of Gettysburg where they were situated at the forefront of Pickett's Charge. The infamous charge wrought a devastating effect on the 18th Virginia and many a family at home in Nottoway County. The 18th's colors were captured at the wall on Cemetery Ridge and are now on display in Gettysburg. The county itself was the site of only one significant skirmish during the war, the “Battle of the Grove,” which was fought near Blackstone (then known as Blacks and Whites) for control of the rail line that supplied General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia then entrenched around Petersburg and Richmond. The war's last battle before the final surrender at Appomattox was fought at Sayler's Creek, west of Burkeville near the County line, on April 6, 1865 (see article on Burkeville).

The County's three towns were incorporated in the late 1800s, all along what was to become the U.S. Highway 460/Norfolk Southern Railway corridor that bisects the County. Industrialization blossomed at the same time, exploiting the ease of moving raw materials in and finished products out. County manufacturing often utilized the area’s abundant natural resources, particularly agricultural products, timber, and wood products.

The 20th century saw an increase in the diversification of the County in its agricultural, industrial and commercial sectors. During this time, major state and federal facilities were created in the County. Fort Pickett, established at the outbreak of World War II, is noted as one the finest military training facilities in the east.

Prominent residents

  • William Hodges Mann, Governor of Virginia from 1910-1914, and State Senator, introduced legislation to construct 350 high schools in Virginia and to close 800 rural saloons.
  • T. O. Sandy, the State's first farm demonstration agent.
  • Also see other "prominent residents" of Blackstone, Crewe, and Burkeville.

Communities

Towns

Unincorporated

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

Coordinates: 37°08′N 78°03′W / 37.14°N 78.05°W / 37.14; -78.05


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
Nottoway County, Virginia
Seal of Nottoway County, Virginia
Map
File:Map of Virginia highlighting Nottoway County.png
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1789
Seat Nottoway
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

819 km² (316 mi²)
 sq mi ( km²)
4 km² (1 mi²), 0.46%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

15,725
19/km² 
Website: www.nottoway.org

Nottoway County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, "Commonwealth" — of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 15,725. Its county seat is Nottoway6.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 819 km² (316 mi²). 815 km² (315 mi²) of it is land and 4 km² (1 mi²) of it (0.46%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 15,725 people, 5,664 households, and 3,885 families residing in the county. The population density was 19/km² (50/mi²). There were 6,373 housing units at an average density of 8/km² (20/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 57.16% White, 40.56% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.01% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 1.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,664 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% were married couples living together, 15.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 106.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,866, and the median income for a family was $39,625. Males had a median income of $28,533 versus $19,718 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,552. About 15.50% of families and 20.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.70% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over.

History

Prior to the arrival of European settlers, the land that would become Nottoway County was inhabited by American Indians of the Nadowa tribe, an Iroquoian people. Living along the county’s only river, the name Nadowa, meaning rattlesnake, became associated with the area they inhabited. The name was Anglicized to ‘Nottoway’.

Before the county established its own government, it was known as Nottoway Parish, a district of Amelia County. Nottoway Parish became Nottoway County by legislative act in 1788. The county contained numerous early crossroads settlements connecting the new western frontier with the population centers of Petersburg and Richmond to the north and east and until recent times owed much of its prospertity to tobacco. First coming to Nottoway in the 1850's, railroad construction and associated industries eventually came to represent a major portion of business in the area. In fact, one of the county's larger towns, Crewe, owes its existence to the railroad siding established at Robertson's Switch in the 1880's. In recent decades, however, the decline of tobacco and the railroads has presented the county, like much of Southside Virginia, with economic difficulties and lead many Nottoway families to seek jobs and homes in Richmond and other prospering cities in the central Virginia.

During the Civil War, the county contributed to the Confederate cause raising two infantry companies, the Nottoway Rifle Guards, and Capt. Richard Irby's Nottoway Grays; Jeffress' artillery battery; and the Nottoway Troop of the 3rd Virginia Cavalry. The two infantry companies served in the 18th Virginia Regiment and saw extensive service throughout the Eastern Theatre, but most notably at the Battle of Gettysburg where they were situated at the forefront of Pickett's Charge. The infamous charge wrought a devastating effect on the 18th Virginia and many a family at home in Nottoway County. The 18th's colors were captured at the wall on Cemetery Ridge and are now on display in Gettysburg. The county itself was the site of only one significant skirmish during the war, the “Battle of the Grove,” which was fought near Blackstone (then known as Blacks and Whites) for control of the rail line that supplied General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia then entrenched around Petersburg and Richmond.

The County's three towns were incorporated in the late 1800s, all along what was to become the U.S. Highway 460/Norfolk Southern Railway corridor that bisects the County. Industrialization blossomed at the same time, exploiting the ease of moving raw materials in and finished products out. County manufacturing often utilized the area’s abundant natural resources, particularly agricultural products, timber, and wood products.

The 20th century saw an increase in the diversification of the County in its agricultural, industrial and commercial sectors. During this time, major state and federal facilities were created in the County. Fort Pickett, established at the outbreak of World War II, is noted as one the finest military training facilities in the east.

Towns

Coordinates: 37°08′N 78°03′W / 37.14, -78.05


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Nottoway County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Nottoway County, VirginiaRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Virginia  +
Short name Nottoway County  +

This article uses material from the "Nottoway County, Virginia" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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