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Novi, Michigan
—  City  —
Location in the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°28′49″N 83°28′39″W / 42.48028°N 83.4775°W / 42.48028; -83.4775
Country United States
State Michigan
County Oakland
 - Mayor David Landry
 - Total 31.3 sq mi (81.1 km2)
 - Land 30.5 sq mi (78.9 km2)
 - Water 0.8 sq mi (2.2 km2)
Elevation 909 ft (277 m)
Population (2006)
 - Total 52,231
 Density 1,555.3/sq mi (600.5/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 48167,48374-48377
Area code(s) 248
FIPS code 26-59440[1]
GNIS feature ID 0633773[2]

Novi is a city in Oakland County of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population was 47,386. In 2007, the city completed a special census which places the current population at 52,231[3]. The city is located approximately 25 miles (40 km) northwest from the center of Detroit. The city is located within the boundaries of the survey township of Novi Township. Presently, the remaining unincorporated township is only a tiny fraction surrounded by the city.

Novi is one of the fastest growing cities in Michigan. The construction of Twelve Oaks Mall in the 1970s made the city a major shopping destination in the Detroit metropolitan area and is often credited with ushering in an era of growth that continues to this day (although, in fact, the community had been growing rapidly since the 1950s). This growth has led to substantial increases in the city's population, as well as commercial and industrial developments in the city. Since the city is a shopping destination for the metropolitan area, the community has become increasingly affluent and developed in recent years.



The City of Novi was incorporated in 1969 after the approval of a city charter by Village of Novi voters. The approval of incorporation and the city charter followed several previous attempts at incorporation that were rejected by Novi voters.[4] The city was incorporated along the boundaries of the existing Village of Novi. In the 1970s, the city annexed portions of Novi Township that had been detached from the Village of Novi after the village incorporated in 1958. A lengthy legal battle ensued between the city and the township which ultimately was decided by the Michigan Supreme Court in favor of the city. The legal disputes around the annexation battles were not fully resolved until 1984.[citation needed]

Former historic sites

  • Jacob and Rebecca Fuerst Farmstead[5]: Listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The City of Novi has started demolition of the Fuerst Farmstead[6]. The north barn was destroyed on July 16, 2008. The farm house was demolished in August 2008. The south and east barns were dismantled and removed from the site. None of the original buildings from the Farmstead were preserved on the site.

Historic sites

  • Historic Township Hall: The historic Township Hall was originally located on Novi Road, south of Grand River. It was moved to the Novi Library property in the 1980s. It was recently relocated again onto the property that was the site of the Jacob and Rebecca Fuerst Farmstead.
  • Tollgate Farm[7]: 160 acre (650,000 m²) farmstead and educational center.
  • Colonel Samuel White Homestead[8]: Site includes a Michigan Historical Marker.
  • Novi Depot[9]: Portion of the original railroad depot constructed in 1871 for the Holly, Wayne and Monroe Railroad (currently CSX railroad).

Origin of name

The name Novi was taken from the township, which was organized in 1832 from Farmington Township. The name was offered by resident Dr. J. C. Emery, at the suggestion of his wife. Residents were reportedly looking for a shorter name than Farmington.[10]

Several popular but historically inaccurate explanations have been given for the origin of the name Novi. One version is that it was named after the 6th tollgate (No. VI) on the Grand River toll road. However, the township was named in 1832 and the toll road was not constructed until the 1850s. A similar claim is made about the township being stop number 6 on the railroad. However, the Holly, Wayne and Monroe Railway (now CSX Transportation) was not constructed through the township until 1870–71, almost 40 years after it was named. A third popular misconception is that Novi was the sixth stagecoach stop outside of Detroit.[11]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.3 square miles (81.1 km²), of which, 30.5 square miles (78.9 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.2 km²) of it (2.74%) is water. Walled Lake, which lies mainly within Novi, is the largest lake in the city. It also serves as the headwaters of the Middle Branch of the Rouge River. Shawood Lake lies just southwest of Walled Lake. Several smaller lakes within the city were created by gravel pit mining or as stormwater retention areas. Most of the city lies within the Rouge River watershed. Some areas on the north and west side of the City are part of the Huron River watershed.

The city is situated with easy access to several major freeways including I-96, I-696, I-275 and M-5.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 47,386 people, 18,726 households, and 12,321 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,555.2 per square mile (600.5/km²). There were 19,649 housing units at an average density of 644.9/sq mi (249.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.26% White, 1.92% African American, 0.19% Native American, 8.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.80% of the population. 16.3% were of German, 10.5% Irish, 10.3% Polish, 9.2% English and 8.1% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 18,726 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 35.7% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $71,918, and the median income for a family was $91,369 (These figures had risen to $78,151 and $101,286 respectively according to a 2007 estimate[12]). Males had a median income of $65,590 versus $38,432 for females. The per capita income for the city was $35,992. About 1.6% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 2.7% of those age 65 or over.


Novi operates under the council-manager system of government with a weak mayor and appointed city manager. The city manager oversees the day-to-day business of running the city, recommends an annual budget and makes policy recommendations to the council. The council consists of the mayor, elected to a two-year term, and six at-large council members elected to four-year terms. The mayor is the presiding officer of the council with the same voting powers as the other council members but otherwise has ceremonial duties. The council is responsible for hiring a city manager who in turn is responsible for staff positions. The council also approves the city budget and sets city policies and ordinances. The current council consists of Mayor David Landry, Mayor Pro-Tempore Bob Gatt and council members Kathy Crawford, Justin Fischer, Terry Margolis, Andrew Mutch and David Staudt[13].

The City Manager is Clay J. Pearson[14]. The Assistant City Manager is Pamela Antil. The city has 286 full-time employees and a total budget of $63.1 million. The Novi Civic Center is located at 45175 W. Ten Mile Road, between Taft and Novi Roads.

The City of Novi features two websites,, and

The first city charter was adopted by the voters in 1969. The last major charter revision was in 1977[15].

The Novi Public Library is constructing a new building west of the current library. The new library will open in 2010.

Sister cities


Primary and secondary schools

Public Education

Novi includes all or part of four public school districts including Novi Community Schools, Northville Public Schools, South Lyon Community Schools and Walled Lake Consolidated School District.

Private Education

Detroit Catholic Central High School is a private, Catholic, all-male, college preparatory high school located on Wixom Road.

Franklin Road Christian School[1] is a K-12, coeducational, college-preparatory school with a nondenominational Christian philosophy located on Thirteen Mile Road.

Higher education

One of Walsh College's three campuses is located on Meadowbrook Road. Walsh College focuses on accounting, business, and finance education.

The Art Institute of Michigan is located on Cabot Drive.

Parks and natural areas

Most of the farmland and open spaces present in the mid-20th Century have been developed. The exceptions include the Tollgate Farm located at the northwest corner of the intersection of Twelve Mile and Meadowbrook Roads. This farmstead is owned by the Americana Foundation and is currently leased and operated by Michigan State University as an agricultural extension.

Lakeshore Park is another prominent natural area. The park is located between Walled Lake and Twelve Mile Road, west of Novi Road. While portions of the park were turned over to a developer to settle a lawsuit, it remains one of the largest municipal parks in southeast Michigan. In 2004, the City of Novi negotiated for the donation of several parcels of parkland on the west side of the city. These properties, along with several adjoining parcels owned by the city preserve 253 acres (1.02 km2) of environmentally sensitive areas in the Huron River watershed. In 2005, the City of Novi was awarded a Michigan Natural Resources Trust Fund (MNRTF) grant to acquire 51 acres (21 ha) of environmentally sensitive property in southeast Novi within the Rouge River watershed. In 2007, the City was awarded a second MNRTF grant to acquire 16 acres (65,000 m2) of natural area in southwest Novi within the headwaters of the Huron River watershed.

Ella Mae Power Park, located behind the Novi Civic Center, plays host to softball and baseball games and tournaments.

The Walled Lake Casino site on Walled Lake is planned to be developed into a park by the City of Novi.


Novi has a local economy that includes businesses of all sizes from international corporations with local and regional offices in Novi to owner-operated businesses serving the local area. While Novi is recognized for its large concentration of retail businesses clustered at the Novi Road and I-96 interchange, there are several large retail centers in the city as well as many individual retail businesses. Novi has a number of car dealerships along Haggerty Road and Grand River Avenue. The city's industrial and office parks are home to companies in areas like high tech research and development, health care, transportation and logistics, manufacturing and domestic and foreign automotive-related suppliers. Energy-related companies are one of the fastest growing sectors in the city. These companies include the headquarters for ITC Transmissions, Novi Energy, Global Wind Systems, a wind turbine manufacturer and Patrick Energy Services.[citation needed]

The business community in Novi is represented by the Novi Chamber of Commerce.

Kroger operates its Michigan regional offices at 40399 Grand River Avenue in Novi.[17]

The City’s commitment to economic development has evolved to include a web site (, devoted entirely for attracting new and retaining existing businesses. This site informs potential business investors and celebrates existing businesses’ successes. In its effort to maintain open relationships with businesses and residents, Novi’s comprehensive Web site draws 1,000 visitors daily.

Progress, growth and innovation are writing a new chapter in Novi’s history. Novi consistently ranks among the top Oakland County communities for research, technology and service companies. To manage growth and to continue to attract commerce with its accessible location, Novi partners with local, state and federal agencies to enhance infrastructure. Novi has also created the Neighborhoods and Business Relations Group to attract and retain businesses and streamlined many of its planning and approvals processes to encourage new business and development, as well as redevelopment. The enhancements speed the process, allowing businesses to move ahead with plans for relocation or expansion. As a community in a growth mode, Novi has been able to attract several smaller, but innovative international firms that have been able to incubate and expand into a larger facility, such as Howa USA Holdings, a Japanese auto supplier with a new research and development center in Novi specializing in interior components for vehicles.

Novi is proud of several recently completed key developments. Ryder Systems Inc. constructed a new regional headquarters, representing a $22 million investment in the community. ITC Transmission Company, the nation’s largest independent electrical transmission company, made Novi its national headquarters. And, after nearly two years of construction, in 2008, St. John Providence Park opened a 200-bed hospital on a 200-acre total, health campus. In addition to the full-service hospital, the campus provides an array of services in a beautiful wooded setting, complete with walking and cycling paths and 18 acres devoted to health-related retail establishments.

Over the last few years, Novi has focused its economic development efforts on the telematics and car connectivity industries due to its emerging growth. Novi and southeast Michigan have untapped advantages to have a large presence in the ITS market. Within the telematics industry, more than 5,000 firms employ approximately 70,000 people in Oakland County, many of them are employed in Novi. Those firms in Novi include Freescale Semiconductor, Elektrobit, and Harman/Becker Automotive. Novi has established an economic development opportunity to lead the region "early in" supporting a market cluster and not chasing after players in a developed market with established roots elsewhere.

Health Care

Novi is home to some of the region's largest health care systems. St. John's Health opened the Providence Park Hospital in September 2008. The hospital is part of a 200-acre (0.81 km2) health care campus.

Henry Ford Health Systems largest facility in Oakland County is located in the Columbus Corporate Office Centre. Services at the location include adolescent and adult outpatient psychiatry; occupational and physical therapy; athletic medicine; gastroenterology; and pediatric services.

Botsford has two speciality facilities in Novi. Trinity Health, the fourth-largest Catholic health system in the United States, is headquartered in Novi.

Notable residents

Novi is home to six Swedish Detroit Red Wings (Henrik Zetterberg lives in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan and is the only Swedish Red Wing that does not live in Novi), earning it the name Little Sweden.[18][19]


  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Novi, Michigan
  3. ^ "Census Information", City Clerk, City of Novi
  4. ^ "History". City of Novi. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  5. ^ Jacob and Rebecca Fuerst Farmstead, Michigan Historical Markers
  6. ^ Save the Fuerst Farm!
  7. ^ About the MSU Tollgate Education Center, Michigan State University Extension
  8. ^ Colonel Samuel White Homestead, Michigan Historical Markers
  9. ^ Novi Depot
  10. ^ On the name Novi in History of Oakland County Michigan a narrative account of its historic progress, its people, its principal interests / compiled from the official records of the county, the newspapers and data of personal interviews, under the editorial supervision of Thaddeus D. Seeley. (1912)
  11. ^ see
  12. ^ 2005-2007 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates, United States Census Bureau
  13. ^ Novi City Council
  14. ^ Clay J. Pearson
  15. ^ City Charter
  16. ^
  17. ^ "Contact Us." Kroger. Retrieved on April 30, 2009.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^

Wings Turn Novi into 'Little Sweden' Retrieved on 2008-05-31.

External links


Coordinates: 42°28′50″N 83°28′32″W / 42.48056°N 83.47556°W / 42.48056; -83.47556

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