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Nude people on a beach
.Nudity is the state of wearing no clothing.^ Clothing optional and nude optional (US specific) describe a policy or a venue that allows or encourages nudity but tolerates the wearing of clothes.
  • Naturism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Restricting the state of dress of nudists is no less restrictive than prohibiting any other cultural group from wearing the clothing particular to their group.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a young boy and until teenagehood young Tarzan is supposedly seen unashamed of his nudity, but as in all movies he "grows out of it" and wears that stupid cloth (probably until the end of the movie).
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

[1] .Nudity may arise in a multitude of situations, in either sexualized or non-sexualized contexts.^ His nudity is in a non-sexual situation, but is essential to the plot.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ There was some non-sexual semi-nudity in it.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ It may occur before or following a sexual situation, but sex scenes themselves do not qualify for this category.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.Besides the need to be nude when washing, some people also sleep in the nude, while others are nude in other situations.^ In the opening scene there is a rear view shot of a nude boy, maybe 12 years old, skinny dipping with some other boys.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ This is a compilation of many people's opinions (gleaned from postings to rec.nude and alt.nudism.moderated, personal experience, COBC readers, and other sources).
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ One of her uncles is an artist and the are several scenes of him and his semi-nude models outdoors with the other people going about their business unconcerned.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.The duration that a person is nude also varies depending on the situation, with some people choosing to live a nudist lifestyle, while others do so in a fleeting moment, as in exhibitionism, or occasionally, such as nude swimming.^ Preventing nudists from going nude is equivalent to preventing a person of Scottish descent from wearing the family colors, or preventing a priest from wearing his robes.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If someone takes advantage of such an occasion to treat the person as an object of enjoyment (even if his action is purely internal) it is only he who is guilty of shamelessness . . .
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are scenes of various nude men and women sitting, lying, walking, and swimming, included our two stars lying naked on the sand.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.Nudity has been portrayed in a multitude of media, from art, photography, film and on the internet.^ The nudity is portrayed in a beautifully natural manner and it works very well for the film.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ And in typical French fashion, the producers of this film manage to portray nudity nonchalantly, in a way that neither hides the nudity, nor titillates the viewer.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

It is a factor in adult entertainment of various types. .Nudity in an entirely private context is usually non-controversial, while in a public or semi-public context it may give raise to controversy.^ The greatest risk to most beaches is not nudity, but development--the takeover of pristine public areas by private resorts or hotels.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was some non-sexual semi-nudity in it.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ Entirely non-sexual, and quite amusing in the way they handle the nudity.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.Many people have strong views on nudity, which to them raise issues and standards of modesty, decency and morality.^ Given the challenge of defining modesty standards, which are by nature ambiguous, legislators have often found it to be more complicated to prohibit nudity than to sanction it.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is sometimes used to refer to wearing significantly less clothing than would be expected by the conventions of a particular culture and situation, and in particular exposing the bare skin or intimate parts.^ Many psychologists and anthropologists believe that modesty about exposure of the body may well be a result of wearing clothes, rather than its cause.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Furthermore, nudist children showed a significantly higher acceptance of their bodies as a whole, rather than feeling ashamed of certain parts.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One feels much more a part of a natural setting in the nude than clothed.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Terminology

.There are many terms used to describe various states of nudity.^ Nudity in social contexts has been practised in various forms by many cultures at all time periods.
  • Naturism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only scene with any nudity is the closing scene when they finally take off all their clothes, but there are many hillarious scenes where they deal with their fears about taking off all their clothes in front of an audience.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ However, there have been many exceptions where nudity occurred in natural, non-sexual situations.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.These terms may vary between (or within) different cultures and contexts, and may change over time.^ The usage and definition of these terms varies geographically and historically.
  • Naturism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nudity in social contexts has been practised in various forms by many cultures at all time periods.
  • Naturism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is the breaking of traditions which makes it so."  The degree to which women's breasts may be exposed has varied especially in Western cultures.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sometimes such terms are used as euphemisms, sometimes as poetic terms, or humorously.
.Full nudity describes a state of complete nudity, with a person not wearing any clothing or other covering.^ This protects every other form of clothing, and should protect the right not to wear clothing as well.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rather, a clothed person is a whole and complete naked body, plus clothes.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Restricting the state of dress of nudists is no less restrictive than prohibiting any other cultural group from wearing the clothing particular to their group.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Partial nudity refers to less than full nudity, with parts of the body covered in some manner.^ Full-frontal nudity was required of some of the actors.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ "It is even more controversial  than its predecessors because this game has full frontal male nudity."
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

^ Furthermore, nudist children showed a significantly higher acceptance of their bodies as a whole, rather than feeling ashamed of certain parts.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The term partial nudity is sometimes used to refer to exposure of skin beyond what the person using the expression considers to be within the limits of modesty.^ Pope John Paul II writes: "Sexual modesty cannot then in any simple way be identified with the use of clothing, nor shamelessness with the absence of clothing and total or partial nakedness.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If the exposure is within the standards of modesty of a given culture and setting (e.g.^ Given the challenge of defining modesty standards, which are by nature ambiguous, legislators have often found it to be more complicated to prohibit nudity than to sanction it.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

wearing a .bikini at a non-nude beach), terms such as nudity, partial or otherwise, are not normally used.^ Nudity is the norm, for instance, in natural primitive hot springs and on nude beaches; and, almost universally, for models in art classes.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a cruel reversal of justice when the law frowns on innocent skinnydippers, while gawkers on the fringe of the nude beach, who pervert and fetishize the body, are accepted as "normal."
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This may be actual nudist or nude beach situations or situations where the characters display an unconcerned attitude toward nudity.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.If however, the degree of exposure exceeds the cultural norms of the setting, or if the activity or setting includes nudity as an understood part of its function, such as a nude beach, terminology relating to nudity and degrees thereof are typically used.^ Beach nudity has also become the norm in inflation-stricken Romania, where the average monthly wage is about $65 and a swimsuit costs from $4 to $20.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Presumptions that exposure to nudity will lead to problems for children grow out of the preconceptions of our culture.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nudity is the norm, for instance, in natural primitive hot springs and on nude beaches; and, almost universally, for models in art classes.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Toplessness is regarded by some as partial nudity.
.Full frontal nudity describes a state of full nudity with the subject facing forward with the whole front of the body exposed, including the intimate parts - the penis, vagina, and breasts.^ Full-frontal nudity was required of some of the actors.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ "It is even more controversial  than its predecessors because this game has full frontal male nudity."
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

^ Login or register to post comments Re:"Common Sense" Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in ...
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

.Partial frontal nudity typically only refers to the exposure of bare breasts.^ In the U.S., barely half of all mothers breast-feed; only 20% do so for a full 6 months, and only 6% for the Surgeon General's recommended 12 months.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lots of bare breasts and buttocks are shown (pubic areas are conviently, but not obviously, hidden), but throughout the scene the conversation continues as if their nudity is not significant...as indeed it isn't.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ The ruling held that the state's anti-nudity law was intended to apply only to lewd and lascivious behavior, not to "non-commercial, perhaps accidental, and certainly not lewd, exposure."
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Non-frontal nudity describes nudity where the whole back side of the body, such as the buttocks, is exposed, or a side-viewed from any other direction.^ The thought of exposing or viewing those parts of the body which they generally keep covered so frightens or disgusts them that they call upon their lawmakers to protect them from such a possibility."  106.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In general, "experts" such as Joyce Brothers and Dr. Spock speak out against family nudity without empirical evidence to back them up.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indeed, when cast in a non-sexual setting, such as jogging in a circle in the freezing cold, the nudity becomes very commonplace.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

Modesty

.Revealing bare skin or even removing clothes in front of others, even when there is another layer of clothing underneath, is at times regarded by some to be erotic or offensive, or as immodest under some people's standards of modesty.^ There are times when clothing is physically uncomfortable.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Men and women both suffered through many ages of history under hot, burdensome layers of clothing in the name of fashion.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In this matter there is no exact similarity in the behavior of particular people, even if they live in the same age and the same society.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Clothing which follows the contours of the body, or clothing using transparent materials, or clothing which sticks to the skin or become transparent when wet (as in wet t-shirt contests), is regarded by some to be erotic, immodest, and simulating nudity.^ There are certain objective situations in which even total nudity of the body is not immodest."
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, there are occasions when standards of modesty are waived, as in the case of medical examinations.

Public nudity

Man streaking at a Harvard/Yale game
.Society's response to public nudity varies on the culture, time, location and context of the activities.^ Nudity in social contexts has been practised in various forms by many cultures at all time periods.
  • Naturism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nudity was fairly common in medieval and renaissance society, especially in the public baths and within the family setting.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The disparity couldn't be explained by differences in sexual activity, race, welfare policies, or the availability of abortion, but only in cultural attitudes toward nudity and sexuality.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are many exceptions and particular circumstances in which nudity is tolerated, accepted or even encouraged in public spaces.^ In this matter there is no exact similarity in the behavior of particular people, even if they live in the same age and the same society.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are certain objective situations in which even total nudity of the body is not immodest."
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only scene with any nudity is the closing scene when they finally take off all their clothes, but there are many hillarious scenes where they deal with their fears about taking off all their clothes in front of an audience.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.Such examples would include nude beaches, within some intentional communities (such as naturist resorts or clubs) and at special events.^ As of 1983, about 2 million people vacationed at French Naturist clubs and resorts each year.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A 1990 Martini and Rossi poll reported that 35% of Americans would "bare it all" on a nude beach.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Florida, for example, closed most of its nude beaches in 1983 without public review.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In general and across cultures, more restrictions are found for exposure of those parts of the human body that display evidence of sexual arousal.^ He sought to eliminate body guilt and encourage openness and end the repression of the human spirit,which he saw as the cause of sexual deviation.
  • Naturism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Naturism acknowledges the human body as a wholesome, normal and natural part of everyday life.
  • MySpace - Max Pratt UK Yorkshire England - 36 - Male - Sheffield & Leeds, UK - myspace.com/maxpratt 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ The thought of exposing or viewing those parts of the body which they generally keep covered so frightens or disgusts them that they call upon their lawmakers to protect them from such a possibility."  106.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sex organs and often women's breasts are covered, even when other parts of the body may be freely uncovered.^ For example, when getting out of bed, the covers fall off naturally---bare breasts and bodies may or may not be revealed.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ In our culture, breasts may be exposed to sell drinks to men in bars, but women may not be topfree on a beach for their own comfort and pleasure.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Breasts may play a role in sex play, but other body parts do too, and are not censured--particularly the hands, and the mouth (which, incidentally, is veiled by Shi'ite Moslems, partly for that very reason, though only on women).
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Yet the nudity taboo may have meanings deeper than the immediate possibility of sexual arousal, for example, in the cumulative weight of tradition and habit.^ Clothing often focuses attention on the genitals and sexual arousal, rather than away from them.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sometimes a non-sexual scene can be portrayed in a sexual context (e.g., someone spying on someone else) but may still be of note because the nudity is portrayed as non-sexual.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ Many psychologists believe that clothing may originally have developed, in part, as a means of focusing sexual attention.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Clothing also expresses and symbolizes authority, and more general norms and values besides those of a sexual nature.^ Nudists are, as a rule, far more comfortable with their bodies than the general public, and this contributes to a more relaxed and comfortable attitude toward sexuality in general.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is generally agreed among naturists that erotism and blatant sexuality have no place in naturism and are, in fact, antithetical to its ideals.
  • Naturism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although some of the scenes take place in the bedroom pre- or post-coitus, most of the time even those are completely non-sexual in nature.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.Another common distinction is that gratuitous nudity is perceived as more offensive than the same degree of physical exposure in a functional context, where the action could not conveniently be performed dressed, either in reality or in a fictitious scene in art.^ Mere nudity is not in itself lewd or "indecent exposure," a distinction upheld by extensive legal precedent nationwide.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "It is even more controversial  than its predecessors because this game has full frontal male nudity."
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

^ Children respond far more to parents' attitudes toward nudity than to the nudity itself, and nudity is only a problem when it is treated as one.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The intent can also be invoked: whether the nudity is meant to affect observers; e.g. streaking can be considered unacceptably provocative, nude sun tanning viewed mildly as rather inoffensive.

Non-sexual public nudity

.Some people enjoy public nudity in a non-sexual context.^ There was some non-sexual semi-nudity in it.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ Seeing an old emaciated man in his 70's in a full frontal shot, in some people's opinions, was one of the most effective indictments of the anti-nudity forces---proof that nudity is not always sexual.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ Entirely non-sexual, and quite amusing in the way they handle the nudity.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.Common variants of the clothes free movement are nudism and naturism, and are often practiced in reserved places that used to be called "nudist camps" but are now more commonly called naturist resorts, nude beaches, or clubs.^ The practice of nudism is, for nudists, an immensely freeing experience.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nudity is often more comfortable and practical than clothing.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nudity is the norm, for instance, in natural primitive hot springs and on nude beaches; and, almost universally, for models in art classes.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such facilities may be designated topfree, clothing-optional, or fully nude-only.^ Clothing is optional at nude beaches (or free beaches).
  • Naturism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Clothing optional and nude optional (US specific) describe a policy or a venue that allows or encourages nudity but tolerates the wearing of clothes.
  • Naturism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A 1983 Gallup poll revealed that 72% of Americans don't think designated clothing-optional beaches should be against the law, and 39% agreed that such areas should be set aside by the government.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Public nude recreation is most common in rural areas and outdoors, although it is limited to warm weather.^ The greatest risk to most beaches is not nudity, but development--the takeover of pristine public areas by private resorts or hotels.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Public wilderness areas ought to be places where human freedoms, including nude recreation, are observed more freely than anywhere else.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Clothing-optional recreation is less offensive to most people than many other forms of recreation which are openly tolerated and even promoted on public land.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Even in countries with inclement weather much of the year and where public nudity is not restricted, such as the United Kingdom, Germany and Denmark, public nude recreation indoors remains rare.^ Membership in the American Association for Nude Recreation, for example, topped 40,000 in 1992, up 15,000 in just five years!
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most world societies are much more open about nudity than the United States.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Public wilderness areas ought to be places where human freedoms, including nude recreation, are observed more freely than anywhere else.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One example is Starkers Nightclub in London, a monthly nude-only disco party.^ British Columbia, for example, currently has one legally sanctioned nude beach, and Oregon has two.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

2009 World Naked Bike Ride in Zaragoza.
.Others practice public nudity more casually.^ For many activities, nudity is often far more practical than clothing.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example, many cultures, especially in Europe, are more open to nudity on beaches and in other recreational settings.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many other (males-only) Hindu religious orders also practice ritualistic nudity or near-nudity, as they have for hundreds or thousands of years.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Topfree sunbathing is considered acceptable by many on the beaches of France, Spain and most of the rest of Europe (and even in some outdoor swimming pools); however, exposure of the genitals is restricted to nudist areas in most regions.^ The greatest risk to most beaches is not nudity, but development--the takeover of pristine public areas by private resorts or hotels.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "This French movie was set in the Mediterranean coast of France, so many scenes are at the beach with several women topless, sunning, swimming.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ For example, many cultures, especially in Europe, are more open to nudity on beaches and in other recreational settings.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the United States, topfree sunbathing and wearing thongs are not common in many areas, but are limited to nude beaches in various locations.^ In Munich and Zurich, topfree and nude sunbathing are permitted in many parks.
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^ Several scenes of Paz Vega and others swimming and sunbathing nude on deserted beaches.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ Christy Brinkley openly admits to frequenting nude beaches, and Christian singer Amy Grant goes topfree on foreign beaches while on tour overseas.
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.It is normally acceptable for men in the United States to be barechested or shirtless when engaged in outdoor recreational activities.^ For example, until statutes were amended in the 1930s, men were arrested in the United States for swimming without a shirt.
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.Where the social acceptability of nudity in certain places may be well understood, the legal position is often less clear cut.^ Because nudity is unremarkable in a nudist setting, nudists may even forget that they are nude--and often do.
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.In England, for example, the law does not actually prohibit simple public nudity, but does forbid indecent exposure[citation needed].^ Mere nudity is not in itself lewd or "indecent exposure," a distinction upheld by extensive legal precedent nationwide.
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^ Most laws prohibit only lewd conduct, not nudity per se; and there is in fact no universal legal prohibition against nudity on public land.
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^ For example, the early Quakers, in mid-17th century England, often used nudity as an element of protest.
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.In practice, this means that successful prosecution hangs on whether there is a demonstrable intention to shock others, rather than simply a desire to be naked in a public place.^ Public wilderness areas ought to be places where human freedoms, including nude recreation, are observed more freely than anywhere else.
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^ Clothing-optional recreation is less offensive to most people than many other forms of recreation which are openly tolerated and even promoted on public land.
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^ This, together with Boone's desire to open a new club closer to NYC than others had wanted, led him to form the National Nudist Council.
  • Naturism encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Specifically, using nudity to "harass, alarm or distress" others is an offence against the Public Order Act of 1986. Occasional attempts to prove this point by walking naked around the country therefore often result in periods of arrest, followed by release without charge, and inconsistencies in the approach between different police jurisdictions.^ In Robert Altman's film, Moore walks around an L.A. condo naked from the waist down while having a heated argument with husband, Modine.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ Numerous scenes of people laying around or walking around naked.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ Nudity has often been used, historically, as a symbol of protest or rebellion against oppression.
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.Differences in the law between England and Scotland appear to make the position harder for naked ramblers once they reach Scotland.^ Historian Elbert Russell notes that "A number of men and women were arrested and punished for public indecency because they appeared in public naked 'as a sign.'
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^ Laws requiring women, but not men, to cover their breasts are written entirely from a male perspective, assuming that men's bodies are natural and normal, and that women's bodies must be covered because they are different.
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.Even where the general public is fairly tolerant of public nudity, it is still notorious enough to be used as a deliberate, often successful means to attract publicity, either by naturists promoting their way of life or by others for various purposes, such as commercial nudity in advertising or staging nude events as a forum for usually unrelated messages, such as various nude biker tours demonstrating for different causes or celebrities revealing their natural state by removing a fur coat to support a campaign against fur sales.^ In general, public land agencies view nude recreation--conducted with discretion and sensitivity to the varying values of others--as "legitimate activity."  Many state and local governments (notably Oregon, Vermont, and the California Department of Recreation and Parks) have followed the federal policy as well, without conflict.
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^ A study by Dr. Steven D. Moore of the University of Arizona demonstrated that encountering nude bathers on public land is five times more acceptable to the public than encountering hunters.
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^ Repression of nudity is still used today as a means to further a repressive political agenda.
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Children

Home

.There are differences of opinion as to whether, and if so to what extent, parents should appear naked in front of their children.^ Your personal opinions are noted.  Now, it's up to the individual/Parent to make the final decision as to whether to agree with your opinion or not.  .
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

Gordon and Schroeder[2] report that parental nudity varies considerably from family to family. .They say that "there is nothing inherently wrong with bathing with children or otherwise appearing naked in front of them", noting that doing so may provide an opportunity for parents to provide important information.^ "There's nothing in the Bible that says it's wrong to go nude."
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^ He explained to the audience how many natives there were in the Congo, and the fact that they lived naked.
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^ The only scene with any nudity is the closing scene when they finally take off all their clothes, but there are many hillarious scenes where they deal with their fears about taking off all their clothes in front of an audience.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.They note that by ages 5 to 6 children begin to develop a sense of modesty, and recommend to parents who wish to be sensitive to their children's wishes that they limit such activities from that age onwards.^ Children who grow up in a nudist environment witness the natural body changes brought on by adolescence, pregnancy, and aging.
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^ The limits of tyrants are prescribed by the endurance of those who they oppress."  Christianity supports Naturism.
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^ They concluded that children who had seen their parents nude were more comfortable with physical contact and affection, had higher self-esteem, and showed increased acceptance of and comfort with their bodies and their sexuality.
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Bonner[3] recommends against nudity in the home if children exhibit sexual play of a type that is considered problematic.
.A United States study by Alfred Kinsey found that 75% of the participants stated that there was never nudity in the home when they were growing up, 5% of the participants said that there was "seldom" nudity in the home, 3% said "often", and 17% said that it was "usual". The study found that there was no significant difference between what was reported by men and by women with respect to frequency of nudity in the home.^ They should grow up and get a life.
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

^ Submitted by 4nBlue - February 20, 2009 at 10:45 am -0500 Calm down people they have only said that that the game is not for those under 17.
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

^ In this matter there is no exact similarity in the behavior of particular people, even if they live in the same age and the same society.
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[4]
.In a 1995 review of the literature, Paul Okami concluded that there was no reliable evidence linking exposure to parental nudity to any negative effect.^ Most laws prohibit only lewd conduct, not nudity per se; and there is in fact no universal legal prohibition against nudity on public land.
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^ There is no shame despite their complete nudity and they converse easily about politics as Julia prepares food and brews coffee.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ The earliest writings of the Christian church show no evidence of the negative attitude toward sexuality and nudity which so characterize later years.
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[5] .Three years later, his team finished an 18-year longitudinal study that showed that, if anything, such exposure was associated with slight beneficial effects, particularly for boys.^ The study found American youth to be particularly ignorant of biology and sexuality, partly due to a climate of moral disapproval for seeking such knowledge.
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^ Studies done by the West German Olympic swim team showed that even swimsuits slow down a swimmer.
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^ The earliest writings of the Christian church show no evidence of the negative attitude toward sexuality and nudity which so characterize later years.
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[6]

Nudity of children

Two children bathing in a small metal bathtub
.Depictions of child nudity or children with nude adults appear in works of art in various cultures and historical periods.^ Presumptions that exposure to nudity will lead to problems for children grow out of the preconceptions of our culture.
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^ Nudity is the norm, for instance, in natural primitive hot springs and on nude beaches; and, almost universally, for models in art classes.
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^ Christ, too, was probably baptized naked--as depicted in numerous early works of art.
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These attitudes have changed over time and have become increasingly frowned upon particularly in recent years,[7] especially in the case of photography. In recent years there have been a few incidents in which snapshots taken by parents of their infant or toddler children bathing or otherwise naked were challenged as child pornography.[8]
.In May 2008, police in Sydney, Australia, raided an exhibition by the photographer Bill Henson featuring images of naked children on allegations of child pornography.^ Set in Australia in the 1930s, a famous painter angers the church when he insists on exhibiting a painting of a naked woman on a crucifix.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

[9][10] Though these incidents were not proceeded with and the photographs were returned, they sent a strong psychological message to the community of the embarrassment that can be caused in this ambiguous but sensitive area.[citation needed]
Out of protest the Art Monthly Australia magazine published an image of the 6-year-old Olympia Nelson taken by her mother, Polixeni Papapetrou. According to the then-11-year-old Olympia, she did not believe the photograph amounted to abuse and was upset with Prime Minister Kevin Rudd's remark that he hated it. Olympia's father, art critic Professor Robert Nelson, defended it, saying: "It has nothing to do with pedophilia. .The connection between artistic pictures and pedophilia cannot be made and there is no evidence for it."^ Psychologist Emery S. Bogardus writes: "Nakedness is never shameful when it is unconscious, that is, when there is no consciousness of a difference between fact and the rule set by the mores."
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[11][12]

Children seeing nudity

.Attitudes toward children seeing nude people, other than their parents, vary substantially, depending on the child's culture, age and the context of the nudity.^ Children respond far more to parents' attitudes toward nudity than to the nudity itself, and nudity is only a problem when it is treated as one.
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^ (This scene was probably thrown in for exploitive reasons, but her nonchalant attitude toward her own nudity places it above this level.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ Presumptions that exposure to nudity will lead to problems for children grow out of the preconceptions of our culture.
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TV and Radio regulators in many countries require networks to avoid broadcasting images or language considered inappropriate for children from 5:30 AM to 9 PM (the so-called "watershed"), so as to avoid viewing by children. In the United Kingdom, the Broadcasting Code requires that "Nudity before the watershed must be justified by the context."[13] In the United States, depictions of nudity broadcast outside of the safe harbor times of 10 PM to 6 AM may be subject to civil legal action and sanctions if deemed by the FCC as not meeting its standards of "decency". "Material is indecent if, in context, it depicts or describes sexual or excretory organs or activities in terms patently offensive as measured by contemporary community standards for the broadcast medium."[14]
.Attitudes to nudity vary substantially throughout Europe, with Scandinavia in the north being the most relaxed about it.^ The Naturist's comfort with casual nudity, therefore, represents an attitude which is comfortable with the self as it is in its most basic state, without modification or deceit.
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^ Most world societies are much more open about nudity than the United States.
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^ E.T. Renbourn notes that nudity was widespread throughout Ancient Britain and northern Europe, in spite of the climate.
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[15]

Communal showering

.Another issue has been the nudity of children in front of other children.^ Neither do children who grow up in other societies which are more open about nudity than our own.
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Continental Europeans have generally been more insistent that all students shower communally after physical education classes, separated by gender. .Fathers taking their young daughters or mothers taking their young sons into the sex separated changing rooms is mostly viewed as non-controversial, although some public baths introduced family changing rooms recently.^ Kathy Bates' young son quickly "goes native" and joins the Amazonians running naked through the jungle---much to his mother's chagrin.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ Several scenes of the young boy nude, getting into the bath tub and stuff.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ Nudity was fairly common in medieval and renaissance society, especially in the public baths and within the family setting.
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Some private gymnasiums have instituted rules specifically banning family members of opposite genders taking their children into single-sex locker rooms, such as signs stating "Little boys over the age of 3 are not authorized in the ladies' locker room" or "Little girls over the age of 3 are not authorized in the men's locker room".[citation needed]
.In the United States and some of English-speaking Canada, students at tax funded schools have historically been required to shower communally with classmates of the same sex after physical education classes.^ In Switzerland, the number is 1 in 519; in France, 1 in 630; in Belgium, 1 in 890; in New Zealand, 1 in 1250; in the U.K., 1 in 2784; in English-speaking Canada, 1 in 5200; and in the U.S., 1 in 6856.
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.In the United States, public objections and the threat of lawsuits have resulted in a number of school districts in recent years changing policy to make showers optional.^ But 15 years have brought about changes and Perissa beach is no longer clothing-optional.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.Private boarding schools and military academies in the United States already often have communal showers, as the focus being on boarding rather than a day school, students need a place to clean up as they are away from home.^ First, they pass by a man in the shower (full rear view) and then past a woman getting dressed (waist up, from the front).
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ Clothing focuses attention on sexuality, not away from it; and in fact often enhances immature forms of sexuality, rather than promoting healthy body acceptance.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The courts have distinguished between protected First Amendment beliefs and actual conduct based on those beliefs, arguing that going nude on a beach is "conduct" rather than merely the natural state of a human being.
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[16] A court case in the State of Colorado noted that students have a reduced expectation of personal privacy in regards to "communal undress" while showering after physical education classes.[17] According to an interview with a middle school principal, most objections to school showers that he had heard were actually from the student's parents rather than from the student.[18]

The arts

.Art is expressed in a number of media, including painting, sculpture and more recently in photography.^ Examples may be seen in painting, photography, sculpture, drama, cinema, and other visual forms of communication throughout history.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Mainstream art generally reflects — with some exceptions — social standards of aesthetics and morality of a society at various periods of time. Beyond mainstream standards, artistic expression may be merely tolerated, or be considered as fringe. .Since prehistoric time, human beings, both male and female, have been depicted in all states of dress, including all states of undress.^ Full nudity of both male and female.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ Psychological studies have shown that modesty need not be related to one's state of dress at all.
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^ This scene lasts about five minutes and throughout both the male and female are completely naked, full frontal and everything.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.Nudity in all styles has been and continues to be a major theme in art, with human beings being depicted in all states of undress.^ Mere nudity cannot be offensive or immoral "conduct"--for it is not conduct at all, but merely the natural state of a human being.
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^ It should be equally illegal to discriminate on the basis of appearing in the natural state common to all humanity.
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.Nudity is also a subject of many literary works and in film.^ The nudity is portrayed in a beautifully natural manner and it works very well for the film.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

The erotic aspect of nudity in the arts has been its attraction, and has come to be associated with certain states and emotions, such as innocence, playfulness, etc.

Photography and video

Model posing nude in a Budapest street
.Unlike arts in general, which traditionally relied on composed works and professional artists, the invention of photography and then the video camera has opened the art of capturing images of people and of scenes at a relatively low cost to the true amateur.^ One of her uncles is an artist and the are several scenes of him and his semi-nude models outdoors with the other people going about their business unconcerned.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

Furthermore, the general public could now capture images in both public and private situations.
.Nudity has been found a place in photography since the invention of photography itself.^ Most commentators say that it's the context in which family nudity takes place, not the nudity itself, that determines whether it's problematic.
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.Nudity in photography does not necessarily claim any artistic merit, while nude photography typically does.^ This page began as a response to a recurring question in Rec.Nude: "Does anybody know of any movies that treat nudity positively (or realistically, or non-sexually)?"
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.Unlike nudity in photography generally, nude photography is generally not a snapshot, but a composed image of a person in a still position.^ This page began as a response to a recurring question in Rec.Nude: "Does anybody know of any movies that treat nudity positively (or realistically, or non-sexually)?"
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.As an art form, nude photography is a stylised depiction of the nude body with the line and form of the human figure as the primary objective.^ The "body language" of the nude human form has extraordinary symbolic and communicative power which should be protected by the First Amendment.
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.Many photographers consider an art nude photograph to be a one that studies the human body, rather than the person.^ Many of the James Bond movies (the earlier ones) had nude women in the opening credits.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

A photograph of a person that is meant to be recognized is called a portrait, and nude photographs often do not show a face at all. Photographers sometimes use extremes of light and shadow, oiled skin, and shadows falling across the body to show texture and structure of the body.[19]
.Early photographers often depicted the nudity of women like those by Félix-Jacques Moulin.^ Limitations on women's nudity, an acceptance of pornography, and demanding fashion requirements may, individually, seem like minor issues.
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^ For example, the early Quakers, in mid-17th century England, often used nudity as an element of protest.
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Many, like Edward Weston, Ruth Bernhard and Jerry Avenaim, preferred to depict the lines of a body as a piece of art.
.Erotic photography and pornography are typically stylized photography using nude or semi-nude models.^ One of her uncles is an artist and the are several scenes of him and his semi-nude models outdoors with the other people going about their business unconcerned.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.Photography of installations of massed nude people in public places, as made repeatedly around the world by Spencer Tunick, claim artistic merit.^ Public wilderness areas ought to be places where human freedoms, including nude recreation, are observed more freely than anywhere else.
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^ As Pat O'Brien points out, "avoiding nude people in places where they're expected to be is easy.
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Calendars

.Many nude calendars are produced each year featuring female or male nudes.^ The producers chose a fairly realistic portrayal of a nude beach except for two things: almost all the people are good looking; and the majority are female.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ The female lead sheds her clothes as soon as there's nobody else around, and spends most of the rest of the film nude - the male protagonist suffers a bit at first....
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ Many other (males-only) Hindu religious orders also practice ritualistic nudity or near-nudity, as they have for hundreds or thousands of years.
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Some of these are produced to raise money for charities or other causes.

Gender segregation

.Nudity in front of strangers of the same gender is often more accepted than in front of those of the other or both genders.^ Nudity, on the other hand, is often much more comfortable.
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^ Nudity is often more comfortable and practical than clothing.
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^ "It is even more controversial  than its predecessors because this game has full frontal male nudity."
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

.Gender-specific public facilities (such as toilets, changing rooms etc) are used to meet community standards of acceptable nudity.^ The writings of early Christians such as Irenaeus and Tertullian make it clear that they had no ethical reservations about communal nudity.
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^ This was notably so in the public baths, frequented by men and women together."  Lawrence Wright observes that nudity was common in the home, too: "The communal tub had . . .
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^ It found that lower levels of unwanted pregnancy correlated with factors such as the amount of female nudity presented by public media and the extent of nudity on public beaches.
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.In some cultures, nudity, even before people of the same gender, is considered inappropriate and embarrassing.^ Nudity is punishable by death in some cultures.
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^ In this matter there is no exact similarity in the behavior of particular people, even if they live in the same age and the same society.
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^ Even in the same culture, taboos about what parts of the body could or could not be revealed have changed radically over time.
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[citation needed]

Western culture

Functional nudity

A topfree woman
.Functional nudity for a short time, such as when changing clothes on a beach, is sometimes acceptable, while staying nude on the beach is not.^ A study by Dr. Steven D. Moore of the University of Arizona demonstrated that encountering nude bathers on public land is five times more acceptable to the public than encountering hunters.
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^ Nudity is the norm, for instance, in natural primitive hot springs and on nude beaches; and, almost universally, for models in art classes.
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^ This may be actual nudist or nude beach situations or situations where the characters display an unconcerned attitude toward nudity.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

However, even this is often avoided or minimized by a towel..May 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] On nude beaches (clothing-optional) it is acceptable to be nude.^ "Solidarity Wins Official Clothes Optional Status for Wreck Beach."
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This may be actual nudist or nude beach situations or situations where the characters display an unconcerned attitude toward nudity.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ One of the greatest challenges faced by clothing-optional beaches is that their popularity, combined with their scarcity, leads to intensive use, which in turn conflicts with environmental and management concerns.
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.In some locations, most particularly within western societies, a woman breastfeeding in public can generate controversy.^ Nudity was fairly common in medieval and renaissance society, especially in the public baths and within the family setting.
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In June 2007, Brooke Ryan was dining in a booth at the rear of an Applebees restaurant when she found it necessary to breastfeed her 7-month-old son. While she said she attempted to be discreet, another patron complained to the manager about indecent exposure. Both a waitress and the manager asked her to cover up. She handed him a copy of the Kentucky law that permitted public breastfeeding, but he would not relent. .She ended up feeding her son in her car and later organized "nurse-out" protests in front of the restaurant and other public locations.^ "The main characters rent a car and go out to a river front.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

[20] .Most U.S. states (40 as of January 2009) have laws clarifying a woman's right to breastfeed in public.^ Many state or local governments have also explicitly legislated the right to be nude in designated public areas, such as legally-sanctioned nude beaches.
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[21]

Topfree

.In many western countries and in appropriate settings, such as while suntanning, the exposure of women's breasts is not, of itself, normally regarded as indecent exposure.^ Mere nudity is not in itself lewd or "indecent exposure," a distinction upheld by extensive legal precedent nationwide.
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^ It is the breaking of traditions which makes it so."  The degree to which women's breasts may be exposed has varied especially in Western cultures.
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^ Laws banning exposure of female breasts do so in part because of the reaction such exposure would supposedly cause in men.
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In the United States of America however, exposure of female nipples is a criminal offense in many states and not usually allowed in public (see Public indecency), while in the United Kingdom, nudity may not be used to "harass, alarm or distress" according to the Public Order Act of 1986.[22]
.Prosecutions of cases has given raise to a movement advocating "topfree equality," promoting equal rights for women to have no clothing above the waist, on the same basis that would apply to men in the same circumstances.^ Medical experts note that men's breasts have the same erotic capacities as women's.
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^ Men and women both suffered through many ages of history under hot, burdensome layers of clothing in the name of fashion.
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^ Because of the Fall, Adam and Eve were no longer in Eden and were thus subject to the varieties of weather and climate, and God knew they would need clothes.
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.The term "topfree" rather than "topless" is advocated to avoid the latter term's perceived sexual connotations.^ Clothing focuses attention on sexuality, not away from it; and in fact often enhances immature forms of sexuality, rather than promoting healthy body acceptance.
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^ Clothing often focuses attention on the genitals and sexual arousal, rather than away from them.
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^ Sexuality is a matter of intent rather than state of dress.
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Naturism and nudism

Vintage image (1943) of skinny dippers near Darwin.
.Naturism (or nudism) is a cultural and political movement practising, advocating and defending nudity in private and in public.^ The greatest risk to most beaches is not nudity, but development--the takeover of pristine public areas by private resorts or hotels.
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It is also a lifestyle based on personal, family and/or social nudity.[23][24]
.Naturists reject contemporary standards of modesty which discourage personal, family and social nudity, and seek to create a social environment where people feel comfortable in the company of nude people, and being seen nude, either just by other nudists, or also by the general public.^ Naturists tend to be especially accepting of other people, just as they are.
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^ Preventing nudists from going nude is equivalent to preventing a person of Scottish descent from wearing the family colors, or preventing a priest from wearing his robes.
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^ Clement of Alexandria, in the late 2nd century, and Thascius Caecilius Cyprianus, in the mid 3rd century, both condemned the nudity common in Roman public baths primarily because it offended their personal ideas of female modesty.
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[23][24]

Nude bathing

The trend in some European countries (for instance Germany, Finland and the Netherlands) is to allow both genders to bathe together naked. .Most German spas allow mixed nude bathing.^ Two separate polls conducted in the mid-1980s found that 68% of Germans did not object to nude bathing.
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^ Roman citizens, including early Christians, bathed communally in the nude at the public baths throughout most of the second through the fourth centuries.
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For example the Friedrichsbad in Baden-Baden has designated times when mixed nude bathing is permitted. .There may be some older German bathhouses, such as Bad Burg, which remain segregated by gender, but this is the exception rather than the rule.^ Many psychologists and anthropologists believe that modesty about exposure of the body may well be a result of wearing clothes, rather than its cause.
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^ Clothing makes people look older, and emphasizes rather than hides unflattering body characteristics.
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^ In some scenes he partially covers himself, but this seems to be his character's modesty rather than an attempt to hide from the camera.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.Most German (not to mention French, Spanish and Greek) beaches and swimming pools offer FKK (clothing optional) areas.^ "This French movie was set in the Mediterranean coast of France, so many scenes are at the beach with several women topless, sunning, swimming.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ It follows that human should be able to enjoy wilderness areas in their own most natural state, free from the artificial constraints of clothing.
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^ One of the greatest challenges faced by clothing-optional beaches is that their popularity, combined with their scarcity, leads to intensive use, which in turn conflicts with environmental and management concerns.
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.In general continental Europeans have a more relaxed attitude about nudity than is seen in the Anglo-Saxon world.^ Research has demonstrated that countries with fewer reservations about nudity (and sexuality in general) also have lower teen pregnancy and abortion rates.
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^ "It is even more controversial  than its predecessors because this game has full frontal male nudity."
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

^ Children respond far more to parents' attitudes toward nudity than to the nudity itself, and nudity is only a problem when it is treated as one.
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Some have attributed this difference to the influence of Queen Victoria's husband Albert, who was raised in a very restricting religious sect (see Victorian morality).
.The sauna, originating from Finland, is attended nude in its source country as well as in most scandinavian and in the german speaking countries of europe.^ Saunas are ubiquitous in Finland, with a sauna for every 3.5 inhabitants, and are always used nude, commonly in mixed company.
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[25] .This is true even when a swimsuit must be worn in the swimming pool area of the same complex[25] Saunas are quite common in modern Finland, where there is one sauna for every three people[26] and became very popular in europe over the last few decades.^ In another scene, she walks down to the pool where she finds the entire family (about 12 people) lounging and swimming naked.
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^ There are a few shots of full frontal males, and even one nude man who shakes her hand.
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^ There is a lengthy scene of Shirley and one of her love interests skinny-dipping from a sailboat in a deserted cove.The scene is sexually charged, but it is a good depiction of skinny-dipping by "normal" people.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.Gender segregation is more the exception than the rule in modern european sauna facilities.^ Nudists are, as a rule, far more comfortable with their bodies than the general public, and this contributes to a more relaxed and comfortable attitude toward sexuality in general.
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Sexuality

.Nudity in front of a sexual partner is widely accepted, but not in all cases.^ Linking nudity with sexual sin, to the exclusion of all else, makes as much sense as insisting that fire can only be connected to the destruction of property and life, and is therefore immoral.
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^ The only scene with any nudity is the closing scene when they finally take off all their clothes, but there are many hillarious scenes where they deal with their fears about taking off all their clothes in front of an audience.
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^ Apart from one somewhat gratuitous bedroom scene, the rest of the nudity is all of a non-sexual nature.
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.For example, some partners insist on nudity only at the time and place of sex, or with subdued lighting; during bathing with the partner or afterward; covered by a sheet or blanket, or while sleeping.^ Linking nudity with sexual sin, to the exclusion of all else, makes as much sense as insisting that fire can only be connected to the destruction of property and life, and is therefore immoral.
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^ Although some of the scenes take place in the bedroom pre- or post-coitus, most of the time even those are completely non-sexual in nature.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ The nudity is mostly during sex scenes (usually involving the two female stars), but it is beautifully and tastefully filmed.
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Non-Western attitudes

.Attitudes in Western cultures are not all the same as explained above, and likewise attitudes in non-western cultures are many and variant.^ It is the breaking of traditions which makes it so."  The degree to which women's breasts may be exposed has varied especially in Western cultures.
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^ The disparity couldn't be explained by differences in sexual activity, race, welfare policies, or the availability of abortion, but only in cultural attitudes toward nudity and sexuality.
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.In almost all cultures, acceptability of nudity depends on the situation.^ Nudity in movies is not uncommon, but almost always it occurs in sexual situations, reinforcing the perceived notion that nudity and sex always occur in conjunction with each other.
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Cultural and/or religious traditions usually dictate what is proper and what is not socially acceptable. .Many non-western cultures allow women to breastfeed in public, while some have very strict laws about showing any bare skin.^ For some, it grew out of a mixture of Christianity with the legalism of traditional Judaism; and for many, it grew out of preexisting personal and cultural prejudices.
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^ I'm from germany where violent games get banned all the time, but i don't think anyone here would be very upset about some nudity in a game.
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

^ Some unemployed mill workers decide to do their own version of a Chippendales show...but because they aren't very good, they will take it all off.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

Africa

A woman wearing traditional clothing in Southern Ethiopia, where toplessness among women is normal.
Different traditions exist among, for example, sub-Saharan Africans, partly persisting in the post-colonial era. Whereas it is the norm among some ethnic and family groups including some Togolose and Nilo-Saharan (e.g. .Nuba and Surma people) in daily life or on particular occasions not to wear any clothes or without any covering below the waist – for example, at massively attended stick fighting tournaments well-exposed young men use the occasion to catch the eye of a prospective bride.^ This protects every other form of clothing, and should protect the right not to wear clothing as well.
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^ Many psychologists and anthropologists believe that modesty about exposure of the body may well be a result of wearing clothes, rather than its cause.
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^ As attorney Eleanor Fink says, "If people are allowed to wear the clothes of [Nazis], should they not also be allowed to wear the clothing of the Creator?"  123.
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.Amongst Bantu peoples, on the other hand, there is often a complete aversion to public nudity.^ Chong on the other hand goes naked except for a complete body "paint" made with mud.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ There is another scene involving nudity as a public protest.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ There is no shame despite their complete nudity and they converse easily about politics as Julia prepares food and brews coffee.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

Thus, in Botswana when a newspaper printed a photograph of a thief suffering lashes on the bared buttocks imposed by a traditional chief's court, there was national consternation, not about the flogging but about the 'peeping tom'.
The Ugandan Kavirondo tribes, a mix of Bantu and Nilotic immigrants, traditionally went practically naked, but the men eventually adopted western dress.

Liberia

In modern Liberia, soldiers under General "Butt Naked" Joshua Blahyi fought naked in order to terrorize their opponents.[27]
.Nude except for lace-up leather shoes and a gun, the general led his fierce Butt Naked Battalion into battle on behalf of the warlord Roosevelt Johnson, who hired the unclothed warriors for their fearlessness and fighting skills.^ In a later scene, Dani (who now wears a bathing suit) talks Court into jumping in naked because he doesn't have his suit.
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.Drunk and drugged teenagers and boys composed much of the warlords' fighting forces, and in their intoxicated states they would move into battle wearing flowing dresses, colorful wigs and carrying dainty purses looted from civilians.^ Restricting the state of dress of nudists is no less restrictive than prohibiting any other cultural group from wearing the clothing particular to their group.
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^ Women (but not men) were forced to wear full army dress in stifling heat.
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^ It is unconstitutional to force Naturists to express conformity to ideas of modesty and body shame that they disagree with, by forcing them to wear swimsuits at the beach.
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As the war wound down, so too did Blahyi's commitment to kill. Today, he is an evangelical preacher leading his End Time Train Evangelistic Ministries on a crusade against war and warlords.

Asia

.In Asian cultures such as Japan the public bath is very common.^ Nudity was fairly common in medieval and renaissance society, especially in the public baths and within the family setting.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was notably so in the public baths, frequented by men and women together."  Lawrence Wright observes that nudity was common in the home, too: "The communal tub had . . .
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.Bathing nude with family members or friends of the same and opposite gender in public bath houses, saunas, or even natural hot springs is popular.^ Nudity is the norm, for instance, in natural primitive hot springs and on nude beaches; and, almost universally, for models in art classes.
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^ It was a very natural scene, not exploitative, that showed a family having fun at the lake/pond in a very hot summer day."
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ On the other hand, in the same period, Jovinianus, a Christian monk, campaigned actively in favor of the public baths.
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.In Korea, public baths (Jjimjilbang) are also widespread and communal nude bathing is normal, although nudity is not permitted in unisex areas.^ The greatest risk to most beaches is not nudity, but development--the takeover of pristine public areas by private resorts or hotels.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nudity was fairly common in medieval and renaissance society, especially in the public baths and within the family setting.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was notably so in the public baths, frequented by men and women together."  Lawrence Wright observes that nudity was common in the home, too: "The communal tub had . . .
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Historical overview

The Biblical figures of Adam and Eve are most commonly shown totally or mostly nude.
.Anthropologists logically presume that humans originally lived naked, without clothing, as their natural state.^ It is my hope that this document may help you to share this good news, and to speak articulately about the native goodness of the human body in its natural state.
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^ It follows that human should be able to enjoy wilderness areas in their own most natural state, free from the artificial constraints of clothing.
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^ Clothing hides the natural beauty of the human body, as created by God.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They postulate the adaptation of animal skins and vegetation into coverings to protect the wearer from cold, heat and rain, especially as humans migrated to new climates; alternatively, covering may have been invented first for other purposes, such as magic, decoration, cult, or prestige, and later found to be practical as well.^ It is my hope that this document may help you to share this good news, and to speak articulately about the native goodness of the human body in its natural state.
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^ The thought of exposing or viewing those parts of the body which they generally keep covered so frightens or disgusts them that they call upon their lawmakers to protect them from such a possibility."  106.
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^ Channelled into pure cerebration, the sexual instinct may generate nightmares impossible in the animal world.
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.For men and women, public nudity was at least permissible in ancient Sparta, and customary at festivals.^ Nudity was commonplace in the ancient Greek civilization, especially for men.
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^ This was notably so in the public baths, frequented by men and women together."  Lawrence Wright observes that nudity was common in the home, too: "The communal tub had . . .
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^ Requiring women to cover their breasts in public is a highly visible expression of inequality between men and women that promotes an attitude that demeans women and damages their sense of equality.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In some hunter-gatherer cultures in warm climates, near-complete nudity has been, until the introduction of Western culture, or still is, standard practice for both men and women.^ Nudity is punishable by death in some cultures.
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^ For some indigenous tribes, nudity or near-nudity is an essential part of their culture.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Men and women both suffered through many ages of history under hot, burdensome layers of clothing in the name of fashion.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In some African and Melanesian cultures, men going completely naked except for a string tied about the waist are considered properly dressed for hunting and other traditional group activities.^ For some, it grew out of a mixture of Christianity with the legalism of traditional Judaism; and for many, it grew out of preexisting personal and cultural prejudices.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After he was expelled from paradise, he began to hunt and eat animals; then to gain complete control over other people, by killing them (the story of Cain and Abel)."  183.
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^ Chong on the other hand goes naked except for a complete body "paint" made with mud.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.In a number of tribes in the South Pacific island of New Guinea, the men use hard gourdlike pods as penis sheaths.^ Adama Islands (July 75), New Guinea (Aug.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

While obscuring and covering the actual penis, these at a longer distance give the impression of a large, erect penis. .Yet a man without this "covering" could be considered to be in an embarrassing state of nakedness.^ For example, an Arab woman, encountered in a state of undress, will cover her face, not her body; she bares her breasts without embarrassment, but believes the sight of the back of her head to be still more indecent than exposure of her face.
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.Among the Chumash Native Americans of southern California, men were usually naked, and women were often topless.^ The women are topless, the men 'barely' attired in g-strings.
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^ There are scenes of various nude men and women sitting, lying, walking, and swimming, included our two stars lying naked on the sand.
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^ The Aboriginee women are often topless and breasts are sometimes shown on-screen.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

.Native Americans of the Amazon Basin usually went nude or nearly nude; in many native tribes, the only clothing worn was some device worn by men to clamp the foreskin shut.^ The only scene with any nudity is the closing scene when they finally take off all their clothes, but there are many hillarious scenes where they deal with their fears about taking off all their clothes in front of an audience.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ He described several other North American tribes as also generally living without clothes.
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^ The North American Guide to Nude Recreation notes that "one reason why a nude lifestyle is so refreshing is that it delivers us temporarily from the game of clothes.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, other similar cultures have had different standards.^ The arbitrary nature of clothing requirements is reflected by different standards in different cultures.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, other native North Americans avoided total nudity, and the Native Americans of the mountains and west of South America, such as the Quechua, kept quite covered.^ For example, many cultures, especially in Europe, are more open to nudity on beaches and in other recreational settings.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He described several other North American tribes as also generally living without clothes.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

“In .1498, at Trinity Island {Trinidad}, Christopher Columbus found the women entirely naked, whereas the men wore a light girdle called guayaco.^ Genesis 9:22-24--Noah was both drunk and naked, but Ham was the one who was cursed--when he dishonored his father, by calling attention to Noah's state, and making light of it.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Historian Elbert Russell notes that "A number of men and women were arrested and punished for public indecency because they appeared in public naked 'as a sign.'
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Laws requiring women, but not men, to cover their breasts are written entirely from a male perspective, assuming that men's bodies are natural and normal, and that women's bodies must be covered because they are different.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the same epoch, on the Para Coast {of Brazil}, the girls were distinguished from the married women by their absolute nudity.^ I like this scene because absolutely no mention is made of any of this; it is treated as totally normal that the men and women share the same shower and locker room.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

The same absence of costume was observed among the Chaymas {of Cumaná, Venezuela}, and Du Chaillu noticed the same among the Achiras on the West Coast of Africa {in Gabon}.”[28]
.For many centuries in some Jainist traditions, some participants have taken up extreme asceticism that includes full nudity.^ Full-frontal nudity was required of some of the actors.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ For some, it grew out of a mixture of Christianity with the legalism of traditional Judaism; and for many, it grew out of preexisting personal and cultural prejudices.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I found the scene to be amusing.  If you didn't know that there would be full-frontal nudity in the game, the set-up is pretty funny.
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

For example, in Digambara, a sect of Jainism, senior Digambar monks (Acharya Vidyasagar is a notable example) wear no clothes, considering themselves to be clothed with the environment that surrounds them. Digambaras believe that this practice represents a refusal to give in to the demands of the body for comfort and private property. Ancient Greeks who wrote of nude ascetics in India called them Gymnosophists, meaning "naked philosophers".[citation needed]

Punishment

Prisoner abuse at the Abu Ghraib prison facility in Iraq, including forced nudity and humiliation, was widely condemned.
During the witch-hunts the alleged witches were stripped to discover the so-called witches' marks. The discovery of witches' marks was then used as evidence in trials.[29]
.Nakedness (full or partial) can be part of a corporal punishment or as an imposed humiliation, especially when administered in public.^ The Church's aversion to nudity derived, in part, from its roots in the cultures of the ancient Near East, where nakedness had signified poverty, shame, slavery, humiliation, and defeat.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In fact, torture manuals may distinguish between the male and female psychological aversion to self-exposure versus being disrobed.^ This element of the forbidden merely perpetuates the intense male reaction female exposure allegedly inspires."  43.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Nazis used forced nudity to attempt to humiliate inmates in concentration camps. This was depicted in the film Schindler's List.[30]
In 2003, Abu Ghraib prison gained international notoriety for accounts of torture and abuses by members of the United States Army Reserve during the post-invasion period. .Photographic images were circulated that exposed the posing of prisoners naked, sometimes bound, and being intimidated.^ Naked, bound prisoners were paraded in the king's victory celebration, and slain enemies were stripped of clothing and armor.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Religion

Christianity

The early Christian Church reflected contemporary attitudes towards nudity, where it was considered acceptable in some contexts such as working outdoors. For example Gospel of John 21:7 describes that Simon Peter is naked while fishing from a boat, but then gets dressed in order to meet Christ. .The first recorded liturgy of baptism, written down by Saint Hippolytus of Rome in his 'Apostolic Tradition' insists on complete nudity for both men and women, including the removal of all jewelery and hair fastenings (chapter 21).^ Men and women both suffered through many ages of history under hot, burdensome layers of clothing in the name of fashion.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the first several centuries of Christianity, it was the custom to baptize men, women, and children together nude.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Linking nudity with sexual sin, to the exclusion of all else, makes as much sense as insisting that fire can only be connected to the destruction of property and life, and is therefore immoral.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Nudity is also reflected in early Christian art depicting baptism.

Hinduism

Naga mystics, at the Hindu bathing ceremony of Ardha Kumbh Mela, at Allahabad.

Islam

.In Islam, the area of the body not meant to be exposed in public is called the awrah, and while referred to in the Qur'an, is addressed in more detail in hadith.^ Nudists are, as a rule, far more comfortable with their bodies than the general public, and this contributes to a more relaxed and comfortable attitude toward sexuality in general.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is an attitude that is undoubtedly related to the fact that Naturists are generally more accepting of their own bodies, just as they are, than the general public.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • For men, the awrah is from the navel to knees, which means that in public, Muslim men have to cover themselves at least from the navel down to the knees.
  • Some Muslim women wear the hijab, which covers most of her head and body, with specific body parts, her awrah, to be covered depending upon varying interpretations of Islamic thought.^ Reena Glazer notes that "male power is perpetuated by regarding women as objects that men act and react to rather than as actors themselves.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Topfree inequality (requiring women, but not men, to wear tops) produces an unhealthy obsession with breasts as sexual objects.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In early Palestine, women were obliged to keep their heads covered; for a woman, to be surprised outside the house without a head-covering was a sufficient reason for divorce.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    In one interpretation, a Muslim women's awrah is from the elbow up to her shoulders, her entire midsection and back, and her legs down to her ankles.
  • Sharia law in some Islamic countries requires women to observe purdah, covering their entire bodies, including the face (see niqab and burqa), However, the degrees of covering vary according to local custom and/or interpretation of Sharia Law.
  • A dead body's awrah shall remain covered and not seen.

Judaism

.In some parts of Judaism and in some Jewish communities, men and women (separately) use ritual baths called mikvot for a variety of reasons, mostly religious in the present day.^ There are a lot of naked butts shown (both male and female), some breasts (mostly from the side), and some full-frontal shots (from a distance), mostly of women.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

^ This was notably so in the public baths, frequented by men and women together."  Lawrence Wright observes that nudity was common in the home, too: "The communal tub had . . .
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bernard Rudofsky writes: "In the 1920s, in some parts of Europe people used to bathe in public without feeling the need for a special dress.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Immersion in a mikvah requires that water cover the entire body (including the entire head).^ Laws requiring women, but not men, to cover their breasts are written entirely from a male perspective, assuming that men's bodies are natural and normal, and that women's bodies must be covered because they are different.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To make sure that water literally touches every part of the body, all clothing, jewelry and even bandages must be removed.^ The theory is that tight clothing impedes the lymph system, which removes cancer-causing toxins from the body.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Clothing makes people look older, and emphasizes rather than hides unflattering body characteristics.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even in the same culture, taboos about what parts of the body could or could not be revealed have changed radically over time.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the same time, Orthodox Jews are very protective about their naked body.^ I'm from germany where violent games get banned all the time, but i don't think anyone here would be very upset about some nudity in a game.
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

^ Even in the same culture, taboos about what parts of the body could or could not be revealed have changed radically over time.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anyone who has ever spent any time naked outdoors knows that the play of the elements over the body produces an ever-changing response that may reach almost erotic intensity.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Under the laws of Tzniut (modesty), both men and women may not reveal any body part usually covered in that society.^ Men and women both suffered through many ages of history under hot, burdensome layers of clothing in the name of fashion.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many psychologists and anthropologists believe that modesty about exposure of the body may well be a result of wearing clothes, rather than its cause.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In our culture, breasts may be exposed to sell drinks to men in bars, but women may not be topfree on a beach for their own comfort and pleasure.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition, women must cover everything between the elbows and the knees (including collarbones), and married women must cover their hair.^ Requiring women to cover their breasts in public is a highly visible expression of inequality between men and women that promotes an attitude that demeans women and damages their sense of equality.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Laws requiring women, but not men, to cover their breasts are written entirely from a male perspective, assuming that men's bodies are natural and normal, and that women's bodies must be covered because they are different.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

When answering the call of nature some maybe strict to uncover as little as possible,[31].
.In earlier times, it was more common to change before and after sleep under the covers because of common living quarters.^ At various times in history, women's necklines have plunged so deeply that the breasts have been more exposed than covered.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] This view is preserved famously in the abbreviated Jewish legal work Kitzur Shulchan Aruch[33] and is often not understood by the text's readers. It is less followed today due to the fact modern architecture tends to divide homes into private quarters. In earlier times, hallways were uncommon and private quarters could consequently not exist. Hence, the custom to dress beneath the covers existed.
.Full nudity is permitted, and according to many, encouraged, during sexual intercourse.^ Many historical church leaders have disassociated nudity with sexual immodesty.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Partial clothing is more sexually stimulating (in often unhealthy ways) than full nudity.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There are opinions that it must be done in the dark, at night, and in private, but most of these issues revolve around partners' respective feelings of embarrassment or insecurity, and possible concern that partners may sometimes not fairly judge their partners' respective physical attractiveness. Practices currently vary among Orthodox Jews.
Conservative and Reform Judaism generally do not follow the Jewish law. Attitudes toward modesty and sexual intercourse vary widely, though both movements emphasize strong partnerships and intimacy while discouraging promiscuity[34], as the Orthodox.

Studies

See also

References

  1. ^ "nudity – Definitions from Dictionary.com". Dictionary.reference.com. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/nudity. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  2. ^ Betty N. Gordon and Carolyn S. Schroeder (1995). Sexuality: A Developmental Approach to Problems. Springer. p. 16. ISBN 0306450402. 
  3. ^ Barbara L. Bonner (1999). "When does sexual play suggest a problem?". in Howard Dubowitz and Diane Depanfilis. Handbook for Child Protection Practice[1]. Sage Publications. p. 211. ISBN 0761913718. 
  4. ^ John Bancroft (2003). Sexual Development in Childhood. Indiana University Press. pp. 146–147. ISBN 0253342430. 
  5. ^ Okami. P. (1995) ." Childhood exposure to parental nudity‚ parent-child co-sleeping‚ and 'primal scenes': A review of clinical opinion and empirical evidence," Journal of Sex Research, 32: 51–64.
  6. ^ Okami, P., Olmstead, R., Abramson, P. & Pendleton, L. (1998). “Early childhood exposure to parental nudity and scenes of parental sexuality (‘primal scenes’): An 18-year longitudinal study of outcome,” Archives of Sexual Behavior, 27(4), 361–384.
  7. ^ Higonnet, Anne (1998). Pictures of Innocence – The History and Crissi of Ideal Childhood. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-28048-7. 
  8. ^ Kincaid, James R.. "Is this child pornography?". http://archive.salon.com/mwt/feature/2000/01/31/kincaid/index.html. Retrieved 28 April 2007. 
  9. ^ Paul Bibby (May 23, 2008). "Henson exhibition shut down". theage.com.au. http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/henson-exhibition-shut-down/2008/05/22/1211183043937.html. Retrieved 2 September 2008. 
  10. ^ See also Jock Sturges and Julia Somerville.
  11. ^ AAP (July 7, 2008). "Photo girl defends naked cover shot". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/national/photo-girl-defends-naked-cover-shot-20080707-32w9.html. 
  12. ^ Photograph of Olympia Nelson depicting Lewis Carroll's Beatrice Hatch before White Cliffs, 2003 from Polixeni Papapetrou's website.
  13. ^ "The Ofcom Broadcasting Code". Ofcom (Office of Communications, UK). 25 July 2005. http://www.ofcom.org.uk/tv/ifi/codes/bcode/protectingu18/. Retrieved 1 January 2008. 
  14. ^ Federal Communications Commission - Definitions Frequently asked questions about Obscenity, Indecency and Profanity
  15. ^ Mapes, Terri. "Sexuality in Scandinavia: How Scandinavia Looks at Sexuality". http://goscandinavia.about.com/od/specialinterestadult/qt/sexualityinscan.htm. Retrieved 17 October 2007. 
  16. ^ ACLU of Washington. "ACLU-WA's Work for Student Rights". http://www.aclu-wa.org/detail.cfm?id=180. Retrieved 28 April 2007. 
  17. ^ "TRINIDAD SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 1 v. CARLOS R. LOPEZ". http://lw.bna.com/lw/19980721/97sc124.htm. Retrieved 28 April 2007. 
  18. ^ "Interview with John Pleacher 2/16/87". http://www.unlv.edu/projects/ohpsp/p/133pleacher.html. Retrieved 28 April 2007. 
  19. ^ Conrad, Donna; PhotoVision (2000), "A Conversation with Ruth Bernhard", Vol. 1 No. 3, http://www.photovisionmagazine.com/articles/bernhard.interview.html 
  20. ^ Blackford, Linda (August 29, 2007.). "Mom Pushed Applebees on Breast-feeding; wants change after being told to cover herself". Lexington Herald-Reader. http://www.kentucky.com/601/story/482345.html. Retrieved 7 January 2009. 
  21. ^ "50 State Summary of Breastfeeding Laws". National Conference of State Legislatures. November 2008. http://www.ncsl.org/programs/health/breast50.htm. Retrieved 7 January 2009. 
  22. ^ "What is the Law Covering Nudity in the UK? Is Nudity Lawful on Unofficial Nude Beaches?". Gouk.about.com. 8 October 2009. http://gouk.about.com/od/uknudebeaches/f/nudity_law_uk.htm. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  23. ^ a b See 2002–2003 World Naturist Handbook, pub International Naturist Federation INF-FNI, Sint Hubertusstraat, B-2600 Berchem(Antwerpen) ISBN 9055838330 The Agde definition. The INF is made up of representative of the Naturist Organisations in 32 countries, with 7 more having correspondent status. The current edition is * Naturisme, The INF World Handbook (2006) [2] ISBN 90-5062-080-9
  24. ^ a b http://www.inf-fni.org/index_e.htm| INF web page
  25. ^ a b Nakedness and the Finnish Sauna
  26. ^ thisisFINLAND – Seeking the real Finnish Sauna
  27. ^ How to Fight, How to Kill: Child Soldiers in Liberia: Roles and Responsibilities of Child Soldiers
  28. ^ Dr. Jacobus X : Untrodden Fields of Anthropology. Falstaff Press, NY, 1937. vol. 2, p. 183 (Accessible online: here)
  29. ^ Devil's Mark
  30. ^ Substantive and Procedural Aspects of International Criminal Law: The Experience of International and National Courts; by Gabrielle Kirk McDonald, Olivia Swaak-Goldman; Published by Brill, 2000; pp. 280–283
  31. ^ Shulchan Aruch OC 3
  32. ^ Shulchan Aruch OC 2
  33. ^ Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 3:4
  34. ^ http://urj.org//about/union/leadership/yoffie//?syspage=article&item_id=6076

Further reading

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

My parents were free about nudity, and we are too. .I’d like our children to feel unashamed of whatever shape they are.^ If you don't like what they sell for your children, don't buy it.  Don't let them play it.  Set the rule and punish them if they break the rule.
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

.People should worry about other things.^ Posted 09/10/09 at 12:13am GoodRobotUs : Thing about Healthcare systems like this is that they should be optional and inclusive.
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

^ One of her uncles is an artist and the are several scenes of him and his semi-nude models outdoors with the other people going about their business unconcerned.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

Heidi Klum
Quotes regarding Nudity and Nudism.

Contents

Sourced

.
  • "I honestly don't understand the big fuss made over nudity and sex in films.^ All of the nudity was so natural and easy (both in the acting and the editing/direction) that I don't even recall whether Hurt's penis was seen in the film or not.
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    ^ The nudity is mostly during sex scenes (usually involving the two female stars), but it is beautifully and tastefully filmed.
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    ^ As such, sex and sexuality are big topics in the film, but it treats nudity and sex openly, honestly, and without exploitation.
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    It's silly. .On TV, the children can watch people murdering each other, which is a very unnatural thing, but they can't watch two people in the very natural process of making love.^ People begin to relate to each other as they are, and not as they seem to be.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They have this idealized idea of how other people's bosoms are.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Naturists tend to be especially accepting of other people, just as they are.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Now, really, that doesn't make any sense, does it?" — Sharon Tate as quoted in Sharon Tate and the Manson Murders (2000) by Greg King
  • "If people were meant to run around naked, they wouldn't have been born wearing clothes." — Reverend Loveshade as quoted in Ek-sen-trik-kuh Discordia: The Tales of Shamlicht edited by Reverend Loveshade
  • "And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed." — .Authorized Version (King James Version) of the Bible, Genesis 2:25
  • "If we were surrounded all the time by nude people, do you think we would think about sex all the time?^ The producers chose a fairly realistic portrayal of a nude beach except for two things: almost all the people are good looking; and the majority are female.
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    ^ I think rockstar did this to be humerous and for that "AWw" moment most people would react when seeing it.
    • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A 1990 Martini and Rossi poll reported that 35% of Americans would "bare it all" on a nude beach.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Of course not, we would get used to it. .So it follows that the reason nudity has a tendency to remind us of sex is that we are stopped continually from seeing nude people."^ Only in the US would anyone be more offended by some nudity than by cutting people to pieces.
    • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This isn't the worst movie you'll ever see, but the nudity may be the only reason you watch the whole thing.
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    ^ It is about a Russian dancer following World War I. At one point, Redgrave and her lover have sex and there is no nudity.
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    .Eolake Stobblehouse, DOMAI.com
  • "At the same time the LORD spoke by Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, 'Go, and remove the sackcloth from your body, and take your sandals off your feet.'^ In the words of Paul Ableman: "Removing your clothes symbolizes 'taking off' civilization and its cares.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ What's next...a fax from Jack Thompson saying he's going to take action against Take-Two over this??
    • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Even in the same culture, taboos about what parts of the body could or could not be revealed have changed radically over time.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    And he did so, walking naked and barefoot. .Then the LORD said, 'Just as My servant Isaiah has walked naked and barefoot three years for a sign and a wonder against Egypt and Ethiopia, so shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptians as prisoners and the Ethiopians as captives, young and old, naked and barefoot, with their buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt.'"^ The suggestion of such a sign came apparently from Isaiah's walking 'naked and barefoot three years' (Isaiah 20:2,3)."  The Doukhobors, a radical Christian sect, used nudity as a social protest in Canada in the early 1900s.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Isaiah 20:2-3--God directly commanded Isaiah to loose the sackcloth from his hips, and he went naked and barefoot for three years .
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It's an old mans penis at least it just isn't naked blondes bouncing on a trampoline for sex appeal which is getting annoying.
    • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

    .New King James Version of the Bible, Isaiah 20:2-4
  • "Perhaps the dissenters believe that 'offense to others' ought to be the only reason for restricting nudity in public places generally.^ (This scene was probably thrown in for exploitive reasons, but her nonchalant attitude toward her own nudity places it above this level.
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    ^ Public wilderness areas ought to be places where human freedoms, including nude recreation, are observed more freely than anywhere else.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Most laws prohibit only lewd conduct, not nudity per se; and there is in fact no universal legal prohibition against nudity on public land.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [...] .The purpose of Indiana's nudity law would be violated, I think, if 60,000 fully consenting adults crowded into the Hoosierdome to display their genitals to one another, even if there were not an offended innocent in the crowd."^ There's only one scene with any nudity.
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    ^ You have crossed over into NC-17 land where you HAVE to be an adult to be there.
    • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

    ^ For the same reasons an author can tell a story one way to an adult and another way to a child and some adults may very well prefer the child's version.
    • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

    — United States Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia
  • "The more a society requires its respectable women to keep their bodies covered, the more likely those women are to be oppressed." — Eristotle
  • "Yet, the truth is that nudity in the home, when handled in a respectful, matter-of-fact way, is perfectly natural and certainly not harmful." — .Dennis Sugrue, PhD, clinical associate professor of psychiatry at the University of Michigan Medical School in Sex Matters for Women (Guilford Press, 2002)
  • "In fact, research suggests that children who have seen their parents nude do not grow up to be emotionally scarred, but instead are more likely to be accepting of their own bodies and comfortable with their own sexuality."^ They feel better about their bodies, and more comfortable with their sexuality.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Research shows that children who grow up in a nudist setting tend to be more self-confident, more self-accepting, and more sexually well-adjusted.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Research by Lou Lieberman of the State University of New York at Albany, in the late 1960s, found that "those young people who had casually seen both of their parents nude in the home were far more likely to feel comfortable with their bodies and to also feel more satisfied with the size and shape of their genitalia and breasts."  71.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Holly Robinson, HealthyKids.com
  • "The fear that seeing naked people in some way harms children is not supported, however, by academic research.^ Freud assumes that children will not normally see each other naked and that, if they do happen to, the result will be traumatic.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The small handful of studies on this topic in psychology and sociology have shown, instead, that children reared in an atmosphere containing family social nudity may benefit from the practice.^ Nudity is shown from the rear or from a long distance.
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    ^ "The film contains several scenes of social nudity shared by the male and femal lead characters, Winston (John Hurt) and Julia (Suzanna Hamilton).
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    ^ A study by psychologists Robin Lewis and Louis Janda at Old Damien University reported that "increased exposure to nudity in the family fosters an atmosphere of acceptance of sexuality and one's body."
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .If this is true, then proposed laws outlawing either social nudity in the home or children's participation at naturist (or nudist) settings are unjustified."^ Socially and demographically, nudists are almost exactly like the rest of the population, except that they are tolerant of nudity.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Because nudity is unremarkable in a nudist setting, nudists may even forget that they are nude--and often do.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In freeing oneself to be nude in the presence of others, including members of the other sex, the nudist also gives up all the social baggage that goes along with the nudity taboo.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Mark Storey in Children, Social Nudity and Scholarly Study
  • "I think on-stage nudity is disgusting, shameful and damaging to all things American.^ Children are not born with any shame about nudity.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I'm from germany where violent games get banned all the time, but i don't think anyone here would be very upset about some nudity in a game.
    • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Children of "primitive" tribes, surrounded by nudity of all forms, suffer no ill effects.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    But if I were 22 with a great body, it would be artistic, tasteful, patriotic and a progressive religious experience." — Shelley Winters from Michael Moncur's (Cynical) Quotations Site
  • "My parents were free about nudity, and we are too. .I’d like our children to feel unashamed of whatever shape they are.^ If you don't like what they sell for your children, don't buy it.  Don't let them play it.  Set the rule and punish them if they break the rule.
    • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

    .People should worry about other things."^ Posted 09/10/09 at 12:13am GoodRobotUs : Thing about Healthcare systems like this is that they should be optional and inclusive.
    • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

    ^ One of her uncles is an artist and the are several scenes of him and his semi-nude models outdoors with the other people going about their business unconcerned.
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    Heidi Klum, InStyle (September 2007)

Unsourced

  • "If God thought that nudity was OK, we would have been born naked." — Unknown, possibly from a GTA Vice City radio station
  • "What's wrong with being naked? I wanna feel the breeze." — Unknown
  • "The Croatians don't Care." — Anonymous

Dialogue

.Police Inspector: So your daddy takes his clothes off in front of you does he?^ By taking off his clothes, he takes off the pressing issues of his day.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You'll find yourself relating more on the basis of who you really are instead of who your clothes say you are."  This analysis is borne out by experience.
  • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only scene with any nudity is the closing scene when they finally take off all their clothes, but there are many hillarious scenes where they deal with their fears about taking off all their clothes in front of an audience.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

Nathan: When he's rehearsing. — The Full Monty

.Anna: What is it about men and nudity?^ This is basically the Marine Corp in space, but men and women share the barracks and showers without concern about each other's nudity.
  • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

Particularly breasts? How can you be so interested in them?
William: Well...
.Anna: I mean seriously: they're just breasts.^ Just for the sake of clarity, there is another descriptor of 'Partial Nudity' which I'm guessing means breasts and butts.
  • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

Every second person has them. They're odd looking, they're for milk from your mother. What's all the fuss about? — Notting Hill

Attributed

.
  • "My first big acting performance was in the Marilyn Monroe biography piece, and it required frontal nudity.^ Full-frontal nudity was required of some of the actors.
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    .I talked to Mira Sorvino, my co-star, about how nervous I was because I didn't know how my mom would react.^ Submitted by 4nBlue - February 20, 2009 at 10:22 am -0500 I don't know what you are talking about because the stuff they said in the review was actually quite normal.
    • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Movies which I have heard things about, but don't yet know how to classify them.
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    ^ "Starts with a couple screwing but has a scene where the female co-star gets out of bed because she is too creeped out to sleep in the bed of someone who died in it that day.
    • Nudism in mainstream movies 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: General]

    She said, 'Can I be completely honest with you? .I've seen your mom in interviews, and she seems pretty screwed up.^ People stop stealing your pens after they've seen where you keep them.

    .I don't think there's much you could do to shock a broad like that.'^ For once in your life you are part of a situation where age, occupation and social status don't really count for much.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Frankly, I'm glad they ARE pushing the envelope.  Anything they do will garner controversy, period.  But much like South Park, they are pushing the boundaries so that other devs don't have them.
    • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Helen Gurley Brown, past editor of Cosmopolitan , says, "I don't think 80 percent of the women in this country have any idea what other women's bosoms look like.
    • FKK-Online.de : 205 Arguments 16 January 2010 3:03 UTC fkk-online.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    And from that moment on it was big nipples to the wind!" — .Ashley Judd
  • "When you get the personality, you don't need the nudity."^ They don't need a reason to show a person's dick.
    • Common Sense Media Criticizes Full Frontal Nudity in GTA IV Expansion | GamePolitics 11 September 2009 5:51 UTC www.gamepolitics.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Thank you:-) http://ashley-judd-on-the-view.adutgp.co.cc/ ashley judd on the view .

    Mae West
  • "Sims 2, the latest version of the Sims video game franchise [...] contains, according to video game news sites, full frontal nudity, including nipples, penises, labia, and pubic hair." — Jack Thompson (attorney)

External links

Wiktionary-logo-en.png
Look up nudity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary

Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Naked article)

From BibleWiki

This word denotes:
  1. absolute nakedness (Gen 2:25; Job 1:21; Eccl 5:15; Mic 1:8; Amos 2:16);
  2. being poorly clad (Isa 58:7; Jam 2:15).
  3. the state of one who has laid aside his loose outer garment (Lat. nudus), and appears clothed only in a long tunic or under robe worn next the skin (1Sam 19:24; Isa 47:3; comp. Mk 14:52; Jn 21:7).
It is used figuratively, meaning "being discovered" or "made manifest" (Job 26:6; Heb 4:13). In Ex 32:25 the expression "the people were naked" (A.V.) is more correctly rendered in the Revised Version "the people were broken loose", i.e., had fallen into a state of lawlessness and insubordination. In 2Chr 28:19 the words "he made Judah naked" (A.V.), but Revised Version "he had dealt wantonly in Judah," mean "he had permitted Judah to break loose from all the restraints of religion."
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
what mentions this? (please help by turning references to this page into wiki links)

Simple English

from about 1900.]] 

Nudity means "nakedness". A nude person is a naked person. This means that the person is not wearing clothes. "Nudity" is when a person, or people, have no clothes on.

The word "nudity" can also be used when only part of a person's body is uncovered. It is used particularly if the person's genitals can be seen, even if other parts of the body are covered.

Nudity can also mean that a person is wearing less clothing that other people would expect. This type of nudity is related to culture. People of different cultures wear different amounts of clothing, and keep different parts of the body covered.

The word "nude" is often used in art. A "nude figure" is a figure without clothes on. The nude figure might be a live person who is posing for an artist. A painting or sculpture that shows a nude figure is often just called a "nude".

Contents

What societies think about nudity

]]

Influences on people's ideas about nudity

There are several things that affect how people and societies feel about nudity:

  • The gender of the nude person
  • The age of the nude person
  • The body of the nude person
  • Where the nude person is
  • What the person is doing while they are nude
  • Whether the nude person is alone or with other people
  • The age and gender of the person who sees the nudity

Modesty

In most cultures it is normal to keep parts of the body covered. The feeling that a person has about covering their body is called modesty. Modesty is different in different cultures. Often, people feel shame if their body is not covered to match their culture's idea of modesty. The amount of clothing needed to take away the feeling of shame is different for each culture. With some indigenous peoples like the Yanomami, a piece of string is enough to make that feeling go away.

In some cultures, people nearly always keep their bodies covered. In these cultures, nudity is only normal when a person is alone, for example, dressing or bathing. In other cultures, it is quite normal for people to be naked together, for example, when dressing or swimming. In still other cultures, particularly indigenous ones, people wear very few clothes, and complete nudity is normal.

Even with people from the same culture, different people can have different feelings about nudity. Some people in Western culture (for example the United States) do not mind if a family member sees them naked in the bath. Other people from the same culture would be uncomfortable if anyone saw them naked in the bath. Some women in a Western culture are happy to wear a bikini. Other women feel naked in a bikini and always wear a one-piece swimsuit.

Rules

to cover their nipples.]]

Many societies have rules or laws about nudity, and where they allow it. For example, in some societies, the law allows nudity on a beach, but does not allow nudity in a public street. The same sort of laws can also allow people to be partly naked in some places but not in others, for example, women might be allowed to have naked breasts on the beach, but not in a shopping centre. When a woman uncovers her breasts on the beach, this is called toplessness (because her swimsuit is "topless"). This is allowed in many parts of Europe and Australia. In many other countries, it is not allowed.

The rules about dress and nudity may be set by a government, or by a church or some other organisation. For example, in some Christian churches, a woman must cover her shoulders and a man must not have bare legs. Another example is in many schools, a man must wear a jacket over his shirt, and a woman must wear a dress that has sleeves. Another example is that some hotels that are near beaches will not serve customers who are dressed only in swimsuits.

Some countries have very strict laws about whether a person can be nude in public, and what parts of the body can be shown. In many countries, if a person breaks these laws, they can be charged with indecency (which means that they have acted in a rude way that upsets people). For example, if a man took his trousers off near a school, so that the children would see him, he would be charged with indecency. The reason why a person is nude, affects whether the law says that their nudity is indecent.

Functional nudity

"Functional nudity" is when a person is nude for a reason. Even where nudity is generally not allowed, functional nudity often is.

An example of this is when a person at the beach changes from a wet swimsuit to their dry clothes. Often the person who is changing can use a towel so that other people do not see their nudity, and do not become embarrassed or angry.

Another type of functional nudity happens when a woman is breastfeeding in public. A woman who would not usually show her breasts because of modesty, might be quite happy to show her breast while she is feeding a baby.

Sex segregation

In some countries, "functional nudity" is usual for people of different genders in some places. An example is in a mixed-gender public sauna. In many cultures, "functional nudity" is usual in front of people of the same sex. Places where functional nudity happens, such as public toilets or changing rooms are usually separated by gender. There is one for men, and another one for women. In many cultures it is usual for people of the same sex to undress or take a shower in a public change room. In some cultures, such as Japan, open showers and open urinals in men's toilets are not allowed.

Western culture

Among people of Western culture around the world, there are several influences on the way societies feel about nudity. In European society, it is not usual for older children or adults to be completely nude in public. In most European societies, when people swim in public, they cover their genitals, and women also cover their breasts. In most European societies, change rooms and toilets are separated for men and women.

Countries in Southern Europe, where the Catholic Church is very important, as well as English-speaking countries which have been affected by Puritanism usually have a lower tolerance towards nudity in public. Countries in Central Europe, and Scandinavia care less about public nudity.

Naturism

Naturism (or nudism) is a cultural and political movement. Followers of this movement think that nudity should get a higher value, both in the private as well as the public context. It is also a lifestyle based on personal, family and/or social nudity.[1][2]

Naturists reject current standards of modesty. These discourage people from being naked alone, in the family or at social occasions, they say. They want to create a social environment where people feel comfortable in the company of nude people, and do not fear being seen nude, either just by other nudists, or also by the general public.[1][2]

Scandal

The singer Janet Jackson was the cause of a scandal during the Super Bowl in 2004. She was performing during the half-time break, when her robe moved. Her left breast could be seen for a few seconds. Today, this is known as the "Wardrobe Malfunction" or "Nipplegate" by the media, the latter being a comparison to the Watergate scandal.[3]

The Royal Academy of Arts runs some museums in London, and elsewhere. In 2008, they did an advertisement so that more people would visit their museums. In this advertisement, they showed a picture of a naked woman. This painting was done by Lucas Cranach the Elder in the 15th century. It is called Venus (shown below). The picture was printed on ads in the London Underground. It caused protests in London. Because of the protests, Transport for London refused to allow the ads to be used in the Underground.[4][5] On December 7, 2008, the Internet Watch Foundation put the Wikipedia article on Virgin Killer, on their blacklist. This meant that most Internet users in Great Britain could no longer access the article.[6] The foundation did this because they believed the original album cover could be child pornography. The cover is pictured on the Wikipedia article. It shows a naked ten year old girl in a sexual pose, with her breasts shown.

Africa

There are different traditions about nudity in Africa. Some of Africa south of the Sahara (called sub-Saharan Africa) is similar to how they were after Colonialism. In certain Togolese tribal areas, it is common for big families to not wear any clothes at all for certain festivities. Others do not wear any clothes below the waist. This makes it possible for young men to see women and girls whom they may marry. Stick-fighting tournaments are very popular places to do this.

Other people, like the Bantu do not like public nudity at all. A newspaper in Botswana once printed a photograph showing how a thief was punished. He was flogged on his bare buttocks. Many people did not like this. The problem was not the flogging, but the newspaper showing the picture.[7]

The Ugandan Kavirondo tribes are a mix of Bantu and Nilotic immigrants. Traditionally, they went mostly naked. Over time, the men began wearing clothing similar to men in western culture.

is wearing a burqa.]]

Muslim culture

Among many Muslim people, a woman is thought to be not properly dressed unless her legs, arms and hair are completely covered. In some Arabic countries, women wear a garment called a Burqa. The burqa fully covers the woman and has only a slit for her eyes to see. If a woman does not wear this garment when she goes out but shows her face, hair and arms, she is thought to be naked. Not wearing the burqa brings shame on herself and family.

Nudity in art

Levels of nudity

There are different levels of nudity. Societies have different moral values for these levels. One such level in English is called full frontal nudity. This usually is a pose where the nude person faces the viewer. In this pose, there are no things covering parts of the body. Many societies see this as very bad. The image below called Truth shows this pose.

Most movies try not to show this type of nudity. This is often done by putting an object somewhere. This object will hide the pubic area of the naked actor or actress. This kind of nudity can also be seen in the picture Woman Bathing above.

Since the very early ages, nudity has been a subject of the arts. One of the earliest works of art known is the Venus of Willendorf. It is a statuette (a small statue) of a nude woman. The face of the woman is not visible. The belly of the woman as well as her breasts are exaggerated. It is not known what the statuette meant to the people who made it, or what importance it had. From the Renaissance onward, nude figures were shown in works of art more often. Michelangelo is one of the Renaissance artists known for doing this.

Nudity in photography

Since the beginning of photography, people have taken photographs of nude people. Some people simply photographed nude people. Some of the photographs were made to sexually arouse people. These are generally called pornography. Some people also photographed nude people because they thought the human body was something beautiful to show. These photos are usually not sexual in nature, and are known as nude photography. The kind of photography that is in between is called erotic photography.

Nudity in different times

File:Wolfgang Krodel d. Ä.
Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden

Old Testament and Judaism

The creation story in the Old Testament of the Bible mentions nudity as a sign of innocence. Only after Adam and Eve have eaten from the tree of knowledge do they become aware of their nudity, and start to feel ashamed. Theologians see this feeling of shame as a consequence of the fall from grace. Because of this, they are later chased away from the Garden of Eden. The Bible does not make a distinction between shame as a consequence of not obeying a rule, and the shame resulting from nudity.

The Old Testament often sees nudity as a consequence of being poor or of being a social outcast. It is not seen as a result of breaking rules, and accepted. Later Orthodox Judaism sees nakedness as a bad thing.

Ancient Greece

In Ancient Greece, especially Ancient Athens, people did not see a problem with nude men. Nude women were seen as bad, though, and women were forbidden from being nude in public. The Cynics taught that it was bad to have worldly goods. Feelings like shame were also seen as bad. There was nothing wrong with being naked.

The Gymnasion shows by its name alone that public nudity was not common in Ancient Greece. The name comes form gynós, which means naked. The gymnasion was used for sports. In Ancient Greece most sports were done totally naked. In most places in Ancient Greece, women were forbidden from doing sports, or from attending sports events.

The only place were women were allowed to do sports was Sparta. There, they also did sports, like the men, but separated from these. They were also naked while doing sports.

Another place where nakedness was tolerated was in the arts.

Ancient Rome, Celts, German tribes

In Ancient Rome, nudity was nothing special or unusual. It was seen more as a sign of not needing much. People did not attach sexual feelings to it. When the Romans had conquered Ancient Greece, they did not think it was necessary to discuss or forbid that the Olympic Games were done in the nude. Cato the Elder mentions that usually the virtuous Roman worked nude during the summer months.

The Celtic and Germanic tribes bathed nude in rivers and lakes together and that sometimes children grew up nude. Romans also tell us that some of them fought the Romans in the nude.

Jainism and Hinduism

Both Jainism and Hinduism have special monks. In Jainism these are called Digambars (or Digambarras), in Hinduism they are called Sadhus. Both lead an ascetic lifestyle, and are well-respected in their community. Part of this lifestyle is that they wear little or no clothes.

Nudity and sexuality

Many cultures that expect some level of modesty associate nudity with sexuality. These cultures usually know striptease in some form. When the difference between the sexes is shown in the main stream media of these cultures this is often seen as sexually related. In Latin cultures the common definition of modesty does not generally allow genital nudity, but the definition of what is lewd has changed and women's breasts are now commonly exposed or depicted without scandal.

Nudity in front of a sexual partner is widely accepted, but there may be restrictions — for example, only at the time and place of sex, or with subdued lighting, during bathing with the partner or afterwards, covered by a sheet or blanket, or while sleeping.

Public nudity

Nudity in sports

In Ancient Greece it was seen as normal that the athletes taking part in sporting events, like the Olympic Games were nude, for most events. At that time, women were not allowed to take part or in the games or watch them. Nudity with women was frowned upon.

Common activities in the nude

File:Cooking topless nudist in Palm
Nude woman cooking hamburgers in a nudist resort

At least since the early 20th century there is a movement of people wanting to do some things together, while they were nude. Sometimes it was just seen functionally, like a common bath in a pond or lake. Some people do other activities together (in the nude), where being naked is usually not required. For instance, some people prefer nude sunbathing when otherwise a Swimsuit could be worn. There are some nude bicycle tours. This movement is generally known as naturism or nudism. In 2009, Appenzell Innerrhoden, a small Swiss canton, voted to stop nude hiking. German tourists have been walking nude through the Alps wearing only boots, socks, and a back pack. The canton will fine nude hikers 200 Swiss francs.[8]

Nudity and health

The Naturism movement of the 20th century claims that being nude is healthy. Starting in 1853, reformer Arnold Rikli said that Sun- and airbathing is a good thing, and that it can only give its full potential when done in the nude. Many of these views have been proved wrong today. Not smoking or drinking alcohol is good for health, regardless of whether clothing is worn or not. People suffering from being exposed too little to the sun will also be so if they are clothed. Wearing wet clothes can lead to cystitis (an infection of the urinary bladder).

Some doctors recommend sleeping in comfortable clothes, or sleeping naked. At some points in time, fashion dictates very tight-fitting clothes. These can be bad for health.

Nudity as a form of protest

.]] Some people use the nudity as a form of protest, like a movement in the United States that wants equal treatment of bare-chested men, and women. This movement fights for the right of women to be topless. Often this is done with topless demonstrations.

One example that nudity was used as a form of protest, even in the Middle Ages is the story of Lady Godiva. She is said to have ridden through Coventry totally naked, only covered by her long hair. She did this to protest against the high taxes. ]]

Nudity for commercial reasons

Nudity is often used to draw the attention of customers to a given product. That way, nude people or people with very little clothing are often shown on covers of magazines, even if the content of the magazine has nothing to do with nudity. Naked people, sometimes in connection with body painting are used to distribute fliers at events.

This uses erotic stimuli, especially to people of the opposite sex. On the other hand, nudity seems to work all by itself in such contexts. Nudity in public places is rare, and people generally do not expect it. The more it is used however, the less it will act on people. At some point it will have become normal.

Nudity and children

]] Most children do not develop a feeling of shame until they are about five years old. For this reason there have been discussions. These discussions try to answer two basic questions:

  • Should children see naked adults?
  • Should children see each other naked?

Different people have different opinions on the subject.

Nude children

Works of art, such as paintings, statues, or photographs have shown nude children, or nude children with nude adults. In recent years, showing nude children has become more and more problematic,[9] especially with photographs. In a few cases, photographs taken by parents showing their toddler or small child naked have been seen as child pornography by courts.[10] In May 2008, police in Sydney, Australia, raided an exhibition by the photographer Bill Henson. This exhibition showed images of naked children. The raid was done on allegations of child pornography.[11][12] Incidents such as this one sent a strong message to the community.

Children seeing their parents nude

People cannot agree if parents should appear naked in front of their children. Gordon and Schroeder[13] say that there is a wide variation on parental nudity from family to family. According to them, "there is nothing (..) wrong with bathing with children or otherwise appearing naked in front of them". In their opinion, doing so may provide an opportunity for parents to give important information. They note that by ages five to six, children begin to develop a sense of modesty, and recommend to parents who wish to be sensitive to their children's wishes that they limit such activities from that age onwards.

Bonner[14] recommends against nudity in the home where children are showing sexual behaviour considered problematic.

A study by Alfred Kinsey found that 75% of the participants stated that there was never nudity in the home when they were growing up, 5% of them said that there was "seldom" nudity in the home, 3% said "often", and 17% said that it was "usual". The study found that there was no significant difference between what was reported by men and by women with respect to frequency of nudity in the home.[15]

In a 1995 review of the literature, Paul Okami concluded that there was no reliable evidence linking exposure to parental nudity to any negative effect.[16] Three years later, his team finished an 18-year longitudinal study that showed that, if anything, such exposure was associated with slight beneficial effects, particularly for boys.[17]

Children seeing other people nude

Different cultures have different opinions on whether children should see people other than their parents, and other children naked. In general the opinions are also different, depending on how old the child is, and what context the nudity is placed in.

Many countries have made laws that should protect children from seeing sex scenes by accident. That way, such scenes may usually not be shown during the day. British TV must not show such scenes between 5.30am and 9pm. This is called "watershed". The Broadcasting Code requires that "Nudity before the watershed must be justified by the context."[18] [19]

Children showering together

Sometimes the nudity of children in front of other children has been an issue. In Europe, it is common that all students take a shower together after sports classes.[20] Usually showering is segregated by sex.

In the United States and some of English-speaking Canada, students at tax funded schools have historically been required to shower with classmates of the same sex after physical education classes. In the United States, public objections and the threat of lawsuits have resulted in a number of school districts in recent years changing policy to make showers optional.[21] A court case in the State of Colorado noted that students have a reduced expectation of personal privacy in regards to "communal undress" while showering after physical education classes.[22]. According to an interview with a middle school principal, most objections to school showers that he had heard were actually from the student's parents rather than from the student.[23]

Nudity as a punishment

prison facility in Iraq, was widely condemned.]] 

Most people feel uneasy or ashamed when they are nude (outside a social context where this is acceptable). This fact has been used both as a means of torture and as a punishment. That way, during witch-hunts, the alleged witches were stripped to discover what was called the witches' mark. It was believed that the devil left this mark as part of the pact the witch had with him. When the mark was found, this was then used as evidence in the trials.[24]

Nakedness can also be part of a punishment or a public humiliation. Torture manuals sometimes make a difference, as men and women react differently when they are disrobed.

The United States and its allies invaded Iraq in 2003. After they had done this, members of the United States Army Reserve abused prisoners. Photographs were circulated that showed that prisoners had to pose naked, were sometimes bound by ropes, and intimidated that way.[25][26]

References

by Jules Joseph Lefebvre, (1870) in the Orsay Museum in Paris]]
  1. 1.0 1.1 See 2002-2003 World Naturist Handbook, pub International Naturist Federation INF-FNI, Sint Hubertusstraat, B-2600 Berchem(Antwerpen) ISBN 9055838330 The Agde definition. The INF is made up of representative of the Naturist Organisations in 32 countries, with 7 more having correspondent status. The current edition is * Naturisme, The INF World Handbook (2006) [1] ISBN 90-5062-080-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 http://www.inf-fni.org/index_e.htm| INF web page
  3. Jackson 'Nipplegate' illustrates the danger of chilling free speech - CNN
  4. "Nude Venus too risqué for London Underground". The Independent. 15 February 2008. http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/art/news/nude-venus-too-risqu-for-london-underground-782559.html. 
  5. ""Venus" By Lucas Cranach the Elder Is Too Overtly Sexy For Transport for London". ArtDaily.org. February 15,2008. http://www.artdaily.com/index.asp?int_sec=2&int_new=23266. 
  6. "Wikipedia article blocked in UK over child photo". Associated Press. December 7, 2008. http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5iLhtaFheXFcickVqO0crbKo1IiawD94U23N87. 
  7. "BOTSWANA: Public flogging causes outrage". 4 July 2005. http://www.irinnews.org/report.aspx?reportid=55239. 
  8. Rosenbaum, Harry (April 28 2009). "Swiss voters decide on fine to end nude hikers" (in English). The Age. pp. 8. 
  9. Higonnet, Anne (1998). Pictures of Innocence - The History and Crissi of Ideal Childhood. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-28048-7. 
  10. Kincaid, James R.. "Is this child pornography?". http://archive.salon.com/mwt/feature/2000/01/31/kincaid/index.html. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  11. Paul Bibby (Mai 23, 2008). "Henson exhibition shut down". theage.com.au. http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/henson-exhibition-shut-down/2008/05/22/1211183043937.html. Retrieved 2008-09-02. 
  12. See also Jock Sturges and Julia Somerville.
  13. Betty N. Gordon and Carolyn S. Schroeder (1995). Sexuality: A Developmental Approach to Problems. Springer. pp. 16. ISBN 0306450402. 
  14. Barbara L. Bonner (1999). "When does sexual play suggest a problem?". In Howard Dubowitz and Diane Depanfilis. Handbook for Child Protection Practice. Sage Publications. pp. 211. ISBN 0761913718. 
  15. John Bancroft (2003). Sexual Development in Childhood. Indiana University Press. pp. 146–147. ISBN 0253342430. 
  16. Okami. P. (1995) ." Childhood exposure to parental nudity‚ parent-child co-sleeping‚ and 'primal scenes': A review of clinical opinion and empirical evidence," Journal of Sex Research, 32: 51-64.
  17. Okami, P., Olmstead, R., Abramson, P. & Pendleton, L. (1998). "Early childhood exposure to parental nudity and scenes of parental sexuality ('primal scenes'): An 18-year longitudinal study of outcome," Archives of Sexual Behavior, 27(4), 361-384.
  18. "The Ofcom Broadcasting Code". Ofcom (Office of Communications, UK). 2005-07-25. http://www.ofcom.org.uk/tv/ifi/codes/bcode/protectingu18/. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
  19. Hansard "House of Commons Hansard debate transcription (part 31)". UK Parliament Publications & Records. 1996-07-01. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199596/cmhansrd/vo960701/debtext/60701-31.htm Hansard. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
  20. Chaudhry, Rashid (1988). "Ahmadi Muslim Boy Expelled for Not Bathing Nude". http://www.alislam.org/library/links/nudity2.html. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  21. ACLU of Washington. "ACLU-WA's Work for Student Rights". http://www.aclu-wa.org/detail.cfm?id=180. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  22. "TRINIDAD SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 1 v. CARLOS R. LOPEZ". http://lw.bna.com/lw/19980721/97sc124.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  23. "Interview with John Pleacher 2/16/87". http://www.unlv.edu/projects/ohpsp/p/133pleacher.html. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  24. "Devil's Mark". http://home.att.net/~wiccanhistorian/histories/devilsmark.html. 
  25. Hersh, Seymour Myron (2007-06-25). "The general's report: how Antonio Taguba, who investigated the Abu Ghraib scandal, became one of its casualties.". The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007/06/25/070625fa_fact_hersh?printable=true. Retrieved 2007-06-17. "Taguba said that he saw "a video of a male American soldier in uniform sodomizing a female detainee."" 
  26. Annals of National Security: Torture at Abu Ghraib: The New Yorker

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