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Palace of Goyeneche in Nuevo Baztán, composed of the palace on the left and the church of St Francisco Javier on the right.

Nuevo Baztán is a small community, southeast of Madrid, near Alcalá de Henares, Spain. Its collection of buildings of early 18th century buildings is of historic, social, and architectural interest. The Palace of Goyeneche, (Spanish) Palacio de Goyeneche or Palacio de Nuevo Baztán, was built to a Baroque design by José de Churriguera (1665-1725). It was the center of a centrally-planned industrial and housing complex, promoted and developed by the prominent politician and publisher Juan de Goyeneche (1656-1735).[1]

Juan de Goyeneche was native to the Navarrese town of Baztan. His family became prominent as administrators and industrialists. They also commissioned the palace which serves as the home of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in Madrid, buildings in the Spanish province of Guadalajara (including a now destroyed palace in Illana), and even a Goyeneche palace in Arequipa, Perú.

Nuevo Baztán was founded around 1709, in an initiative to establish new cities for industry and labor. Much of the construction was performed by Agotes imported from Navarre. The town housed factories of ceramics and glassware. Construction by the Goyaneche also financed not only the palaces, churches, and factories, but also paternalistically built houses for the employees, many of whom were transplants from other regions of Spain.

Glass production did not continue for long because of difficulty in obtaining fuel supplies. Some employees relocated to La Granja de San Ildefonso where there was abundant timber.

18th century housing for employees.

Conservation

The palace was designated a national monument in 1941 and the whole complex is now officially protected by the Community of Madrid.[2] In 2007 it was reported that the palace was in a poor state of conservation, but there were proposals to restore it for use as an art gallery.

Newer housing has arisen around the eighteenth-century nucleus in the past decades, and the present town contains large modern developments, including Eurovillas, Las Villas de Nuevo Baztán, Monteacevedo, and El Mirador del Baztán.

References

  1. ^ Juan de Goyeneche y el triunfo de los navarros en la monarquía hispánica del siglo XVIII (exhibition catalogue, pp.416). Fundación Caja Navarra. 2005.  
  2. ^ http://www.madridiario.es/2007/Agosto/municipio/nuevobaztan/34057/ecologistas-nuevo-baztan-palacio-huerta-plan-general.html Report on proposed urban development

40°22′N 3°14′W / 40.367°N 3.233°W / 40.367; -3.233

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