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108 is the natural number following 107 and preceding 109.
108 

Cardinal 
one hundred [and] eight 
Ordinal 
108th
(one hundred [and] eighth) 
Numeral
system 
108 
Factorization 

Divisors 
1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 27, 36, 54, 108 
Roman numeral 
CVIII 
Binary 
1101100_{2} 
Octal 
154_{8} 
Duodecimal 
90_{12} 
Hexadecimal 
6C_{16} 
In
mathematics
One hundred [and] eight (or nine dozen) is an abundant number
and a semiperfect number. It is a tetranacci
number.
It is the hyperfactorial of 3 since it is of the form .
108 is a number that is divisible by the value of its φ function, which is 36. 108
is also divisible by the total number of its divisors (12), hence
it is a refactorable number.
In Euclidean
space, the interior angles of a regular pentagon measure 108 degrees each.
There are 108 free polyominoes of order 7.
In base
10, it is a Harshad number and a self number.
The equation
results in the (Golden
ratio)
Religion
and the arts
In Eastern religions &
traditions
Japa
Mala, or
Japa beads, made from
Tulasi wood. Comprising of
108 beads in total + the head bead.
 Sacred within Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and connected yoga and dharma based practices.
 A mala usually has
beads for 108 repetitions of a mantra.
 Hindu deities have 108
names. Recital of these names, often accompanied by counting of
108beaded Mala, is considered sacred and often done
during religious ceremonies. The recital is called namajapa.
 It is described in the Bhagavata Purana that Krishna dances with 108 'Gopis'
(cowherd girls) in His Vrindavan pastimes, and later marries 16,108
wives in His city of Dwarka.
Krishna devotees thus hold
108 as a number of great significance.
 Shiva Nataraja dances his cosmic dance in 108
poses.
 The total of all digits of 108 (1+0+8) is 9, which in Hinduism
is said to represent the 9 tattvas. If you divide 108 by 2 or multiply by 2
the total of all digits again equals 9, however this is true for
any number divisible by 18.
 In Hindu Astrology there are 12 Rashis or Zodiacs and 9 Planets or Navagrahas. 12 X 9 = 108.
There are 27 Lunar mansions or Nakshatras which are divided in 4 Padas or
quarters each. 27 X 4 = 108.
 The number of sins in Tibetan
Buddhism.
 In the temple Angkor
Wat area there are numerous references to the number 108, which
plays a significant role in the symbolism of the structure.
 In Japan, at the end of the
year, a bell is chimed 108 times to finish the old year and welcome
the new one. Each ring represents one of 108 earthly temptations a
person must overcome to achieve nirvana.
 Zen priests wear juzu (a ring of prayer beads)
around their wrists, which consists of 108 beads.^{[1]}
 Muktinath, the
source of all Sila or Shaligram and one of the holiest place of
pilgrimage of Hindus, Buddhists, Vaishnava, and Jains, has 108
water springs.
 Many Buddhist temples have 108 steps.^{[1]}
 Hindu Kshatriya Dhangars
have 108 clans. The lineage of these clans is from solar and lunar
dynasties. These people like to point out that the diameter of the
Sun is nearly 108 times the diameter
of the Earth, the distance from
the Sun to the Earth is nearly 108 times the diameter of the Sun,
and the average distance of the Moon from the Earth is nearly 108 times the
diameter of the Moon.
 The Eklingji temple
complex includes 108 temples within its walls.
 There are 108 holy
temples of Vishnu.
 Sahasranamastotra or Sahasranama (1008 names (List of 10,000
names is given to a rishi called Tandi by Shiva; the rishi gives it
to Upamanyu, and the latter to Krsna in an abridged. He gives only
one tenth of the names, viz. 1008 names)) has a total of 108
shlokas.
 108 signifies the wholeness of the divinity, perfect
totality.
 Ananda Coomaraswamy holds that the
numerology of the decimal numeric system was key to its inception.
108 is therefore founded in Dharmic metaphysical numerology. One for bindu; zero for shunyata and eight for ananta.
 Heart Chakra: The chakras are the intersections of energy
lines, and there are said to be a total of 108 energy lines
converging to form the heart chakra. One of them, sushumna leads to
the crown chakra, and is said to be the path to
Selfrealization.
 Marmas: Marmas or marmastanas are like energy intersections
called chakras, except have fewer energy lines converging to form
them. There are said to be 108 marmas in the subtle body.
 The Lankavatara Sutra repeatedly refers
to the 108 steps.^{[2]}
 The lines of the mystical Sri Yantra intersect in 54 points, each with
a masculine and feminine quality, totaling 108.
Martial
arts
 According to Marma Adi and Ayurveda, there are 108 pressure points in the
body, where consciousness and flesh intersect to give life to the
living being.^{[3]}
 The Chinese school of martial arts agrees with the South
Indian school of martial arts on the principle of 108 pressure
points.^{[4]}^{[5]}
 108 number also figures prominently in the symbolism associated
with karate, particularly the
Gōjūryū
discipline. The ultimate Gōjūryū kata, Suparinpei,
literally translates to 108. Suparinpei is the Chinese
pronunciation of the number 108, while gojūshi of
Gojūshiho is the Japanese pronunciation of the number 54. The other
Gōjūryū kata, Sanseru (meaning "36") and
Seipai ("18") are factors of the number 108.^{[1]}
 The 108 of the Yang long form and Wing Chun, taught by Yip Man having 108 movements are noted in this
regard.^{[2]}
 Several different Taijiquan long forms consist of 108
moves.
 Paek Pal Ki Hyung, the 7^{th} form taught in the art of
Kuk Sool Won,
translates literally to "108 technique" form. It is also frequently
referred to as the "eliminate 108 torments" form. Each motion
corresponds with one of the 108 Buddhist torments or
defilements.
In
literature
In
astronomy
 In ancient India, vedic seers had calculated the following
distances which modern scientific measurements have reconfirmed^{[6]}:
 The distance between the Earth and Moon is 108 times the
diamater of the Moon
 The distance between the Earth and Sun is 108 times the
diameter of the Sun
 The diameter of the Sun is 108 times the diameter of the
Earth
 108 Aquarii is a
star in the constellation Aquarius
 108 Hecuba is a
large and bright main belt asteroid. Hecuba orbits within the Hygiea family of asteroids
 Messier 108 is
an edgeon spiral galaxy in the constellation Ursa Major, discovered by Pierre
Méchain in 1781 or 1782
In other
fields
 a baseball has 108 stitches
 The year AD 108 or 108 BC
 108 AH is a year in the Islamic
calendar that corresponds to 726
– 727 CE
 Traditionally the Angelus Bell is rung 108 times.
 The atomic
number of hassium.
 Ben Turpin's schtick for
taking a fall (similar to Chevy Chase's) was known as a
“oneoheight" or a "hundred and eight".
 Chinese
astrology and Tao philosophy
holds that there are 108 sacred stars.
 The number of Mbit/s of a nonstandard extension of IEEE
802.11g wireless network using channel bonding.
 108 is the name of a community of and for open source
developers, created by Red
Hat.^{[7]}
 The sum of "The Numbers" in the American TV show Lost (4, 8, 15, 16, 23, and 42).
It is also the number of minutes within which these numbers must be
entered into the computer and the button must be pushed. 108 is
also the number of days the Oceanic 6 spent on the island.
 The TV series Cheyenne
aired for 108 episodes on ABC from 1955 to 1962
 It is part of the Mythology in the videogame The
Legend of Dragoon
 Konami's Suikoden
series always has 108 characters to recruit, called "Stars of
Destiny".
 108 is the ten code for officer down or
officer in danger.
 108 (b. 1978) is an Italian artist who uses numbers instead of
letters for his name
 The 108 Mile Ranch Airport or South
Cariboo Regional Airport located in British Columbia, Canada
 STS108 was a Space Shuttle
mission to the International Space Station
(ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Endeavour on
December 5, 2001
 108 is a band
formed in 1991, notable for
playing hardcore music infused with the beliefs of the Hare Krishna
religion
 Radio stations such as Kiss 108 WXKSFM, Boston, and Rock 108 KEYJFM, Abilene,
Texas
 The 108
Hospital is a hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam
 The 108th
Division was a formation of the United States Army Reserve
following the conclusion of World War II
 The meridian 108° west of Greenwich is
a line of longitude that
extends from the North
Pole across the Arctic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean,
and Antarctica to the
South Pole
 The 108th United States
Congress met from January 3, 2003 to January 3, 2005, during
the last two years of the first administration of U.S. President George W.
Bush
 The British Rail Class 108 diesel
multiple units were built by BR Derby from 1958 to 1961, with a
final production quantity of 333 vehicles
 The Federal Motor
Vehicle Safety Standard 108 (FMVSS 108) regulates all automotive lighting,
signalling and reflective devices in the United States
 Arrancar Iceringer's Uña Tirotear, introduced in Hueco Mundo
arc of Bleach, can shoot 108 bullets at
once.
 In Saint
Seiya, Hades and Pandora have 108 Specters at their
disposal.
 Michael Bloomberg is the 108th Mayor of New York.
 In the anime Sekirei,
108 Sekirei are released to find their Ashikabi and fight each
other until only one remains.
 The Pokémon Spiritomb is made of 108 spirits, weighs
108 kilograms, has a base
Defense and Special Defense of 108, and is numbered 108 in the Sinnoh region
Pokédex.
EMRI 
Emergency Services
In India 108 (108) is the
ERC telephone number of GVK Emergency
Management and Research Institute, GVK EMRI (Emergency Management
and Research Institute) is a pioneer in Emergency Management
Services in India. As a not  for  profit professional
organization operating in the Public Private Partnership (PPP)
mode, GVK EMRI is the only professional Emergency Service Provider
in India today.
GVK EMRI handles medical, police and fire emergencies through
the " 108 Emergency service". This is a free service delivered
through state of art emergency call response centres and has over
1900 ambulances across Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, Goa,
Tamilnadu, Rajasthan,Karnataka, Assam Meghalaya and Madhya Pradesh.
With the expansion of fleet and services set to spread across more
states, GVK EMRI will have more than 10000 ambulances covering over
a billion population by 2011.
See also
Notes
References
 Wells, D. The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting
Numbers London: Penguin Group. (1987): 134
External
links