Nunatsiavut: Wikis

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Nunatsiavut
Flag of Nunatsiavut
(In Detail)
Capital Hopedale (legislative)
Nain (administrative)
Area
Total
Recognized

142,450 km2 (55,000 sq mi)
72,520 km2 (28,000 sq mi)

Nunatsiavut is an autonomous area claimed by the Inuit in Canada (not to be confused with the territory Nunavut). The claim extends from Labrador to Quebec. In the year 2002, the Labrador Inuit Association submitted a proposal for limited autonomy to the government of Newfoundland and Labrador. The constitution was ratified on 1 December 2005, at which time the Labrador Inuit Association ceased to exist, and the new Government of Nunatsiavut began operations, initially being responsible for health, education and cultural affairs. It is also responsible for establishing and holding elections, the first of which was scheduled to conclude before the end of 2006.

In Inuktitut, Nunatsiavut means "Our Beautiful Land." This name was ratified by the Labrador Inuit Constitution, passed by the Labrador Inuit Association in 2002. One of the main objectives of autonomy is for the preservation of the Inuit culture and language, as well as the environment through environmental stewardship.

Map of Nunatsiavut (red) within Labrador.

Contents

2005 self-government package

On January 22, 2005, the Inuit of Nunatsiavut signed an agreement with the federal and provincial government covering 72,520 square kilometres (28,000 sq mi) of land, including the entire northern salient of Labrador north of Nain as well as a portion of the Atlantic coast south of there. The agreement also includes 44,030 square kilometres of sea rights. Although the Inuit will not own the whole area, they will enjoy special rights related to traditional land use, and they will own 15,800 square kilometres (6,100 sq mi) designated Labrador Inuit Lands. The agreement also establishes the Torngat Mountains National Park Reserve in the northern area of the land claim.

The package also includes $130 million in compensation for the forced relocation of the Inuit in the 1950s; provincial royalties for resources; land, mineral, and marine rights; and $120 million to establish self-government.

The agreement was ratified by the Labrador Inuit, the Legislative Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador, and the Parliament of Canada, where it received Royal Assent on June 23, 2005. (CBC North)

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Form of self-government

The land claims agreement provides for the establishment of a Nunatsiavut Government to represent not only the residents (Inuit and non-Inuit) of the land claims area, but also Labrador Inuit living throughout Canada. Although Nunatsiavut will remain part of Newfoundland and Labrador, the Nunatsiavut government will have authority over health, education, and justice in the land claim area. Nunatsiavut operates under a consensus form of parliamentary government.

According to the agreement, the government of Nunatsiavut will be based in Hopedale and Nain. It will consist of a President elected by the people of Nunatsiavut for one four-year term, an Executive Council, and an Assembly.

The Nunatsiavut Assembly, acting as the area's parliament, will consist of no fewer than 16 members representing seven constituencies: the land claims areas of Nain (3), Hopedale (2), Makkovik (2), Rigolet (2), and Postville (2), plus the Inuit of the Upper Lake Melville area (4) and Labrador Inuit in the rest of Canada(1).

From the Assembly, a member will be elected to act as First Minister. The Assembly would act as a forum for discussion of laws, and it will oversee the Executive Council.

The Nunatsiavut Executive Council will be appointed by the First Minister. It will implement laws, develop and implement policy, initiate and prepare legislation, oversee the administration of the government, and be accountable to the Assembly.

Inuit Community Governments will be established in Nain, Hopedale, Makkovik, Postville and Rigolet. Each will consist of a municipal council, elected from and by both Inuit and non-Inuit residents, and will be led by an AngajukKâk, a chief executive officer and mayor, who must be Inuk.

Large settlements of Labrador Inuit outside the settlement area will be represented by Inuit Community Corporations.

The of each Inuit Community Government and the chairperson of each Inuit Community Corporation will represent his or her community in the Nunatsiavut Assembly.

Elections were held in 2006. Currently:President William Andersen III and First Minister Tony Andersen.

Nunatsiavut Assembly

Nain AngajukKâk: S. Erickson.ordinary member: A.W. Andersen ordinary member: W.E. Barbour

Hopedale AngajukKâk: J. Dicker ordinary member: G. Flowers.

Makkovik AngajukKâk: H. Jacque ordinary member:T. Broomfield

Postville AngajukKâk:G shppard ordinary member:D. Gear

Rigolet AngajukKâk:D. Michelin ordinary member:D. Shiwak

Upper Lake Melville ordinary member: Keith Russell

Canada ordinary member:Daniel Pottle

See also

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Etymology

From Inuktitut "Our beautiful land".

Proper noun

Singular
Nunatsiavut

Plural
-

Nunatsiavut

  1. A region in Northeastern Labrador and Quebec claimed by the Inuit.

Inuktitut

Etymology

From nunatsiavut

Proper noun

Nunatsiavut

  1. A region in Northeastern Labrador and Quebec claimed by the Inuit.

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