The Full Wiki

Nut: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Nut

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nut may refer to:

Media and entertainment

Other uses


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

NUT (0. Eng. hnutu, cf. Dutch noot, Ger. Nuss; allied with Gael. cno; it is not of the same form as Lat. nux), a term applied to that class of fruit which consists generally of a single kernel enclosed in a hard shell. Botanically speaking, nuts are onecelled fruits with hardened pericarps, sometimes more or less enveloped in a cupule or cup, formed by the aggregation of the bracts as in the hazel and the acorn. In commerce, however, the term has a wider application and embraces many fruits having hard woody indehiscent shells or coverings without reference ,to their enclosed seeds or kernels, besides leguminous pods, and even tuberous roots. A great number of nuts enter into commerce for various purposes, principally as articles of food or sources of oil, and for several ornamental and useful purposes. For the most part the edible nuts are very rich in oil, with only a small percentage of the other carbohydrates, starch, sugar, &c., and they also contain a large proportion of nitrogenous constituents. Thus possessing rich nutrient principles in a highly concentrated form, nuts are by themselves rather difficult of digestion, and the liability of many of them to become rancid is also a source of danger and a hindrance to their free use. Oleaginous nuts used for food are likewise employed more or less as sources of oil, but on the other hand there are many oil-nuts of commercial importance not embraced in the list of edible nuts.

On the following page is set out an alphabetical enumeration of the more important nuts, and of products passing under that name, used either as articles of food or as sources of oil.

Name.

Source.

Locality.

Remarks.

Almond

Amygdalus communis,

var. dulcis

S. Europe. .. .

Food, oil.

Almond (bitter). .

Amygdalus communis,

var. amara

....

Oil.

Ar nut or earth nut .

Tubers of Bunium flexuo-

sum and other species

W. Europe (Britain) .

Food.

Bambarra ground nut

Voandzeia subterranea.

,Tropics, especially

Food.

Africa

Ben nut.. .. .

Moringa pterygosperma

India

Oil

(a winged seed)

Bitter nut. .. .

Carya amara (swamp

hickory)

N. America.. .

See HICKORY.

Brazil nut. .. .

Bertholletia excelsa..

S. America. .. .

Food, oil.

Bread nut. .

Brosimum Alicastrum.

W. Indies. .. .

Food.

Butter or Souari nut .

Caryocar nuciferum..

Guiana

Food.

Cahoun nut.. .

Attalea Cohune. ..

Honduras. .. .

Oil.

Candle nut... .

Aleurites triloba.

S. Sea Islands

Oil.

Cashew nut.. .

Anacardium occidentale.

W. Indies and Tropical

Food, oil.

America

Chestnut. .

Castanea vesca. ..

S. Europe. .

Food.

Cob, filbert, or hazel .

Corylus Avellana. ..

Europe (Britain), &c.

See HAZEL.

Cob nut of Jamaica .

Omphalea diandra..

W. Indies and Tropical

Food.

America

Coco-nut. .. .

Cocos nucifera. ..

Tropics

Food, oil.

Cola nut. .. .

Cola acuminata. ..

W. Africa. .. .

Food.

Dika nut. .. .

Irvingia Barteri. ..

W. Africa. .. .

Food, oil.

Ginkgo nut.. .

Ginkgo biloba (seed). .

Japan, China.. .

Food, oil.

Ground nut or pea nut

Arachis hypogaea..

Tropics

See GROUND NUT.

Hickory nut.. .

Carya alba. ...

N. America.. .

See HICKORY.

Hog nut. .. .

Carya porcina.. ..

N. America.. .

Eaten by animals.

Jesuit's nut.. .

Trapa natano. ...

S. Europe. .. .

Food.

Mocker nut. .

Carya tomentosa.

N. America.. .

See HICKORY.

Moreton Bay chestnut

Castanospermum australe

Australia. .. .

Food..

Nutmeg. .. .

Myristica moschata..

E. Indies. .. .

Spice. See NUTMEG.

Nutmeg (wild).. .

Myristica fatua, M. tom-

entosa, &c.

Tropics

Spice. See NUTMEG.

Olive nut.. .

Eleocarpus Ganitrus, &c.

E. Indies. .. .

Food.

Palm nut. .. .

Elaeis guineensis. ..

W. Africa. .. .

Oil. See PALM.

Pecan nut. .. .

Carya olivaeformis..

N. America.. .

Food, oil. See HICKORY.

Pekea nut. .. .

Caryocar butyrosum..

Guiana

Food.

Physic nut. .. .

Curcas purgans. ..

Tropical America. .

Oil.

Pine nut. .. .

Pinus Pinea, &c.. .

Italy. .

Food.

Pistachio nut.. .

Pistachia vera. ..

S. Europe, &c... .

Food.

Quandang nut.. .

Fusanus acuminatus..

Australia. .. .

Food.

Ravensara nut.. .

Agathophyllum aromaticum

Madagascar.. .

Spice.

Rush nut. .. .

Cyperus esculentus (tubers)

S. Europe, &c... .

Food.

Sapucaya nut.. .

Lecythis 011aria. ..

Brazil.. .

Food.

Tahiti chestnut. .

Inocarpus edulis. ..

S. Sea Islands.. .

Food.

Walnut

Juglans regia..

Asia, Europe .

Food, oil.

Water chestnut. .

Various species of Trapa

S. Europe, India, &c..

Food.

importance are or will be separately noticed, and here further allusion is only made to a few which form current articles of commerce, not otherwise treated of.

The bread nut of Jamaica is the fruit of a lofty tree, Brosimum Alicastrum. It is about an inch in diameter, and encloses a single seed, which, roasted or boiled, is a pleasant and nutritious article of food.

The souari or surahwa nut, called also the "Butter nut of Demerara," and by fruiterers the "Suwarrow nut," is the fruit of Caryocar nuciferum, a native of the forests of Guiana, growing 80 ft. in height. This is perhaps the finest of all the fruits called nuts. The kernel is large, soft, and even sweeter than the almond, which it somewhat resembles in taste. The few that are imported come from Demerara, and are about the size of an egg, somewhat kidney-shaped, of a rich reddish-brown colour, and covered with large rounded tubercles.

The pekea nut, similar in appearance and properties, is the produce of Caryocar butyrosum, growing in the same regions of tropical America.

Name.

Source.

Locality.

Remarks.

Betel nut. .. .

Areca Catechu.

E. Indies.. .

... .

Bladder nut.. .

Staphylea pinnate.

S. Europe. .. .

Necklaces.

Boomah nut.. .

Pycnocoma macrophylla.

Africa

Tanning.

Bonduc nut.. .

Guilandina Bonduc..

India

Medicine, beads.

Clearing nut.. .

Strychnos potatorum..

India

Clearing water.

Coquilla nut .

Attalea funifera. ..

Brazil

Turnery.

Corozo nut or vegetable

ivory

Phytelephas macrocarpa.

Tropical S. America .

See PALM.

Cumara nut (Tonka

bean)

Dipterix odorata. ..

Tropical S. America .

Perfume.

Grugru nut... .

Acrocomia selerocarpa.

S. America. .. .

Beads.

Horse chestnut. .

Aesculus Hippocastanum

S. Europe. .. .

Starch.

Marking nut.. .

Semecarpus Anacardium

E. Indies. .. .

Marking ink and varnish.

Nut galls. .. .

Quercus infectoria..

Levant

Dyeing and ink making.

See GALLS.

Poison nut. .. .

Strychnos Nux-Vomica.

E. Indies. .. .

Medicine. See NUx

VOMICA.

Sassafras nut.. .

Nectandra Puchury..

S. America. .. .

Aromatic.

Snake nut. .. .

Ophiocaryon paradoxum.

S. America. .. .

Curiosity.

Soap nut. .. .

Sapindus Saponaria..

W. Indies :.. .

Washing; ornamental

The Jamaica cob nut is the produce of a euphor biaceous tree, Omphalea There remain to be enumerated a number of nuts of commercial diandra, the seeds of which resemble in taste the ordinary cob value for turnery and ornamental purposes, for medicinal use, or hazel nut. The seed, however, contains a deleterious emand for several miscellaneous applications in the arts. These bryo, which must not be eaten. include: Cola, kola or goora nuts are The application of the term nut to many of these products is purely arbitrary, and it is obvious that numerous other bodies not known commercially as nuts might with equal propriety be included in the list. Most of the nuts of real commercial inner portion ("stone") of the palm, Attalea funifera, the piassaba of Brazil, are highly valued for turnery purposes. They have an elongated oval form, 3 to 4 in. in length, and being intensely hard they take a fine polish, displaying a richly streaked brown colour.

the seeds of Cola acuminata (Sterculiaceae), a tree, native of tropical Africa, now introduced into the West Indies and South America. The nuts form an important article of commerce throughout Central Africa, being used over a wide area as a kind of stimulant condiment. The nuts, of which there are numerous varieties, are found to contain a notable proportion of theine, as much as 2.13%, besides theobromine and other important food-constituents, to which circumstances, doubtless, their valuable properties are due.

Coquilla nuts, the hard The marking nut, Semecar pus Anacardium, is a fruit closely allied in its source and properties to the cashew nut. The marking nut is a native of the East Indies, where the extremely acrid juice of the shell of the fruit in its unripe state is mixed with quicklime and used as a marking-ink. The juice also possesses medicinal virtues as an external application, and when dry it is the basis of a valuable caulking material and black varnish. The seeds are edible, and the source of a useful oil.

Physic nuts are the produce of the euphorbiaceous tree, Curcas purgans, whence a valuable oil, having similar purgative properties to castor oil, is obtained. The plant is a native of South America, but is now found throughout all tropical countries.

Pine nuts are the seeds of several species of Pinus, eaten in the countries of their growth, and also serving to some extent as sources of oil. Of these the most important are the stone pine, Pinus Pinea, of Italy and the Mediterranean coasts, and the Russian stone pine, Pinus Cembra. The Pinus Sabiniana of California and P. Gerardiana of the Himalayas similarly yield edible seeds. These seeds possess a pleasant, slightly resinous flavour.

Ravensara nuts, the fruit of Agathophyllum aromaticum (Lauraceae), a native of Madagascar, is used as a spice under the name of the Madagascar clove nutmeg.

The Sapucaya nut, a native of Brazil, is seen occasionally in fruit-shops. It is produced by a large tree, Lecythis 011aria, or "cannon-ball tree." Its specific name is taken from the large urn-shaped capsules, called "monkey-pots" by the inhabitants, which contain the nuts. The sapucaya nut has a sweet flavour, resembling the almond, and if better known would be highly appreciated. It is, however, scarce, as the monkeys and other wild animals are said to be particularly fond of it. This nut, which is of a rich amber-brown, is not unlike the Brazil nut, but it has a smooth shell furrowed with deep longitudinal wrinkles.

Soap nuts are the fruits of various species of Sapindus, especially S. Saponaria, natives of tropical regions. They are so called because their rind or outer covering contains a principle, saponine, which lathers in water, and so is useful in washing. The pods of Acacia concinna, a native of India, possess the same properties, and are also known as soap nuts.


<< Nusretabad

Nutation >>


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to nut article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

A bowl of mixed nuts (hard-shelled seeds).
Assorted nuts (fasteners with internal threads).

Contents

English

Etymology

From Middle English nute < Old English hnutu. Cognate with Latin nux, Dutch noot, Old High German nuz (German Nuss), Old Norse hnot (Danish nød, Icelandic hneta, hnot, Swedish nöt) and West Frisian nút.

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
nut

Plural
nuts

nut (plural nuts)

  1. A hard-shelled seed.
  2. A fastener: a piece of metal, usually square or hexagonal in shape, with a hole through it having machined internal threads, intended to be screwed onto a bolt or other threaded shaft.
  3. (informal) A crazy person.
  4. (slang) The head.
  5. (vulgarity, slang, rarely used in the singular) A testicle.
  6. (US, slang) The amount of money necessary to set up some venture; set-up costs.
    • 1971, Hunter S. Thompson, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, Harper Perennial (2005), page 11:
      My attorney was waiting in a bar around the corner. “This won't make the nut,” he said, “unless we have unlimited credit.”
  7. (US, slang) A stash of money owned by an extremely rich investor, sufficient to sustain a high level of consumption if all other money is lost.
  8. (music) On string instruments such as guitars and violins, the small piece at the peghead end of the fingerboard that holds the strings at the proper spacing and, in most cases, the proper height.
  9. (typography slang) En, a unit of measurement equal to half of the height of the type in use.
  10. An extreme enthusiast, such as a gun nut or car nut.

Synonyms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Related terms

Verb

Infinitive
to nut

Third person singular
nuts

Simple past
nutted

Past participle
nutted

Present participle
nutting

to nut (third-person singular simple present nuts, present participle nutting, simple past and past participle nutted)

  1. (transitive, slang) To hit deliberately with the head; to headbutt.
  2. (intransitive, slang) To ejaculate (semen).

Anagrams

  • Anagrams of ntu
  • tun

Dutch

Noun

nut n. (plural nutten, diminutive nutje)

  1. use, benefit

Derived terms


Scots

Pronunciation

Interjection

nut!

  1. (South Scots) no; used to show disagreement or negation.

Simple English


NUT is an acronym, meaning:

See also: NUTS








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message