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Nuuk
Central Nuuk

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Godthåb
Nuuk is located in Greenland
Location within Greenland
Coordinates: 64°10′N 51°44′W / 64.167°N 51.733°W / 64.167; -51.733
Province Greenland
Municipality Sermersooq
First Settled 2000 B.C.
Incorporated 1728
Government
 - Mayor Asii Chemnitz Narup (Inuit Ataqatigiit)
Area
 - City 105,000 km2 (40,540.7 sq mi)
Population (January, 2009)
 - City 17,834
 Metro 18,039 (including Qiisumooq/Ingestad village)
  City and metropolitan population is co-extensive, The entire Metro area belongs to Nuuk City.
Time zone UTC−3 (UTC-3)
Website http://www.nuuk.gl

Nuuk, translated: "The tip" (Danish: Godthåb translated: "Good hope") is the capital and largest city of Greenland, and the seat of government for the Sermersooq municipality. It has a population of 17,834 (as of January 2009), of whom 14,862 were born in Greenland.[1] This makes it one of the smallest capital cities in the world by population.

Contents

History

Tele-Tower

The site has a long history of different inhabitation: first by the ancient pre-Inuit, Paleo-Eskimo people known as the Saqqaq culture around 2000 BC, later by Viking explorers in the 10th century, and shortly thereafter by Inuit peoples. Inuit and Norsemen both lived with little interaction in this area from around 1000 AD until around 1500 AD, when Norse habitation stopped, most likely due to change in climate and vegetation. The city was founded in 1728 by the Danish-Norwegian missionary Hans Egede, and given the name Godthåb (Good Hope). Hans Egede had arrived at a place close to the already existing Inuit population living in Kangeq. At that time, Greenland was a Norwegian colony under the Dano-Norwegian Crown, but the colony had not had any contact with Norway proper for almost three centuries[citation needed]. In 1733 to 1734 a smallpox epidemic killed most of the native population as well as Hans Egede's wife. Hans Egede went back to Denmark after 15 years in Greenland leaving his son Paul Egede to continue his parent's work.[2]

Aerial view of Nuuk

In 1979, the city was renamed Nuuk by the Greenland Home Rule government. Like the rest of Greenland, Nuuk is populated today by both Inuit and Danes. Currently, nearly one quarter of Greenland's total population lives in Nuuk.[3]

Geography

A small panorama of Nuuk

Nuuk is located at approximately 64°10′N 51°44′W / 64.167°N 51.733°W / 64.167; -51.733.[4] at the mouth of the Nuup Kangerlua (Danish: Godthåbsfjorden) fjord, some 10 km from the shores of Davis Strait on the southwestern coast of Greenland, and about 240 km (150 mi) south of the Arctic Circle.

Economy

Air Greenland has its headquarters in Nuuk.[5]

Education

Nuuk has had educational facilities since the colonial times. These include several educational institutions of higher learning. The University of Greenland (Ilisimatusarfik), which is the only university in Greenland, is located in Nuuk. The university expanded in 2007 with the new building called Ilimmarfik which houses departments of:

  • Journalism
  • Management and Economics
  • Language, Litterature and Media
  • Cultural and Social History
  • Theology and Religion
  • Social Work

Nuuk is also home to the Department of Learning (Ilinniarfissuaq), the oldest educational facility in Greenland, located in the old colonial part of Nuuk (Nuutoqaq: Old Nuuk).

Other notable educational institutions are:

  • Department of Nursing and Health Science
  • Nuuk Technical College
  • Iron- & Metal School

Transport

Nuuk is a port of call for the Arctic Umiaq Line coastal ship, and a focus city for Air Greenland. Nuuk Airport is located 4 km northeast of the city.

Electricity

Nuuk gets its electric power mainly from Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant via a 132 kV powerline crossing Ameralik fjord on the world's longest span.

Climate

Nuuk has a maritime influenced subarctic climate with cold, snowy winters and cool summers. Temperatures are below freezing during winter and stay cool in summer.[6]

Climate data for Nuuk, Greenland (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C (°F) -4.6
(24)
-4.7
(24)
-5.1
(23)
-1.2
(30)
3.1
(38)
7.0
(45)
9.9
(50)
9.3
(49)
6.0
(43)
1.4
(35)
-1.3
(30)
-3.5
(26)
Average low °C (°F) -10.0
(14)
-10.7
(13)
-10.7
(13)
-6.3
(21)
-1.7
(29)
1.1
(34)
3.5
(38)
3.5
(38)
1.4
(35)
-2.7
(27)
-5.9
(21)
-8.6
(17)
Precipitation mm (inches) 40
(1.57)
47
(1.85)
49
(1.93)
47
(1.85)
55
(2.17)
61
(2.4)
86
(3.39)
85
(3.35)
89
(3.5)
66
(2.6)
73
(2.87)
54
(2.13)
Source: Danish Meteorological Institute[7]

Sites of interest

Notable people

Twin towns

Sport

Photographs

See also

References

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Bygd in Nuuk Fjord
Bygd in Nuuk Fjord

Nuuk, [1] also known by its Danish name of Godthåb (Good Hope), is the capital and administrative center of Greenland, with a population of around 15,000 (about 1/4 the entire population of the country). The city is sometimes accused of being rather soulless, with many high-rise blocks.

Get in

There is absolutely no road or rail system connecting cities within Greenland. The only practical means to travel is by boat or air. On foot is less practical and far more strenuous, but somewhat plausible.

By plane

Nuuk has one airport (IATA: GOH), which is located about 4 km northeast of town.

  • Air Greenland [2] is almost the only airline that flies in and out of Nuuk, though there are also occasional charter flights from smaller Canadian airlines.
  • Air Iceland flies during the summer months also to Reykjavík several times a week.

By boat

Arctic Umiaq Line has a passenger terminal to Maniitsoq-Sisimiut-Aasiaat-Uummannaq and Paamiut-Qaqortoq-Narsaq-Narsarsuaq.

Royal Arctic Line is the cargo-boat company.

Iceberg in Fjord, Summer
Iceberg in Fjord, Summer

Nuuk has a small bus company (Nuup Bussii A/S), or you can rent a car.

Nuuk
Nuuk

The old colonial town is located on the east coast side of the town center. Here you will also find the statue of Hans Egede, Hans Egede's House and church, the tourist office, the national museum and Santa Claus's post office and mailbox.

Brædtet, the board, is where fresh fish, seal and whale meat is sold.

  • Whale watching by boat.
  • Helicopter ride to the inland ice, Norse ruins and kaffemik at a nearby village.

Several hiking routes start from Nuuk:

  • An easy hike from the Circuslake around the mountain Little Marlene follows a marked trail.
  • A unmarked trek goes up Big Marlene and offers a view over Nuuk from above. Parts of this trail is on mountain sides with large boulders or steep climbs up loose rocks.
  • Nuuk Technical College, [7].  edit
  • The Greenlandic School of Journalism, +1-(513)-555-5555, [8].  edit

Buy

Handmade seal skin gloves. They cost around 500 DKR but will serve you a long time. Ask for a shop near Colonial town.

Drink

A must is a stop for a beer at the pub "Takuss" just next to the library. About 6 out of 7 visits here you will probably be the only foreigner. Enjoy the atmosphere. Watch charming, drunk ladies dance to greenlandic folkmusic. It´s quite expensive here though, a big beer costs about 60 dkr.

Stay safe

As Nuuk is only a small town, with a population of about 15,000, there is more or less no crime, there are no slums, and no places you should avoid, you can walk around everywhere at anytime and stay safe if you just use your common sense.

Weather

Nuuk, along with most of Greenland, has a subarctic climate. Being on the coast helps moderate temperatures somewhat, though, so winter temperatures are not unlike what one would experience in northern Europe or central Canada. However, in July the average temperature is only 45*F, with highs rarely making it out of the 50s, so don't plan on a warm day any time of year!

The fall is the time with the most rainfall and snowfall, but it is at a pretty steady rate all year round.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Nuuk

  1. The capital city of the self-governing territory of Greenland.

Translations

See also


Estonian

Proper noun

Nuuk

  1. Nuuk (capital of Greenland)

French

Proper noun

Nuuk

  1. Nuuk

Simple English

Nuuk (Godthåb)
Coordinates: 64°11′N 51°45′W / 64.183°N 51.75°W / 64.183; -51.75
Country Greenland
Founded 1728
Government
 - Mayor Agnethe Davidsen
Population (2007)
 - Total 15,047
Time zone WGT (UTC-3)
 - Summer (DST) WGST (UTC-2)
Website Official homepage

Nuuk (Danish: Godthaab or Godthåb) is the capital of Greenland. The city has a population of 15,047 people. It was founded in 1728 by the Norwegian missionary Hans Egede. Egede named the city Godthåb which means Good Hope. Today, the people of Nuuk are mainly Inuit and Danes.

Nuuk is the location of the University of Greenland.


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