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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nyasaland Protectorate
Protectorate of British Empire

 

1907–1953
1963–1964

 

Flag of Nyasaland Protectorate

Anthem
God Save the Queen
Capital Zomba
Language(s) English
Government Constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 - 1907–1910 Edward VII
 - 1952–1964 Elizabeth II
Governor
 - 1907–1908 Sir William Henry Manning
 - 1948–1953 Geoffrey Francis Taylor Colby
 - 1963–1964 Sir Glyn Smallwood Jones
History
 - Established October 1907
 - Federation 1953–1963
 - Disestablished 6 July 1964
Currency Pound

Nyasaland or the Nyasaland Protectorate, was a British protectorate which was established in 1907 when the former British Central Africa Protectorate changed its name. It is now known as Malawi.

Nyasaland's history was marked by numerous attempts to obtain independence from the British. Growing European and US-educated African elite became increasingly vocal and politically active - first through associations, and after 1944, through the Nyasaland African Congress (NAC).

Contents

Population

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

The population at the 1911 census was: natives 969,183, Europeans 766, Asians 481. In March 1920 Europeans numbered 1,015 and Asians 515. The natives were estimated (1919) at 561,600 males and 664,400 females, a total of 1,226,000. Blantyre, the chief town, had some 300 European residents.

Colonial Economy

Cotton growing was the chief industry, though from 1918 onward it was being supplanted by tobacco. In 1916–17 the export of cotton reached 3,462,000 pounds; it fell to 866,000 pounds in 1917–18 (largely owing to shipping restrictions), rose again to 2,670,000 pounds in 1918–19, but in 1919–20 dropped to 930,000 pounds Increasing attention was given to tea, while coffee was largely discarded. (The export of coffee which was 748,000 pounds in 1909–10 had fallen to 113,000 pounds in 1918–19.) The disfavour into which cotton fell was partly due to the neglect to use selected seed and to other errors in cultivation, but also to the fact that, where soil and climate suited both crops, tobacco growing was more profitable. After some unfortunate experiences arrangements were made in 1917 for the fumigation of the tobacco before shipment, with the result that the crop thereafter, in normal circumstances, commanded a high price in the markets of Great Britain. The export of tobacco was 4,304,000 pounds in 1916–17, fell to 2,025,000 pounds the following year, was 5,800,000 pounds in 1918–19 and 4,340,000 pounds in 1919–20. Both cotton and coffee were largely cultivated by native farmers as well as by the European planters.

List of Nyasaland Governors

  • Sir William Henry Manning: October 1907 – 1 May 1908
  • Sir Alfred Sharpe: 1 May 1908 – 1 April 1910
  • Francis Barrow Pearce: 1 April 1910 – 4 July 1910
  • Henry Richard Wallis: 4 July 1910 – 6 February 1911
  • Sir William Henry Manning: 6 February 1911 – 23 September 1913
  • George Smith: 23 September 1913 – 12 April 1923
  • Richard Sims Donkin Rankine: 12 April 1923 – 27 March 1924
  • Sir Charles Calvert Bowring: 27 March 1924 – 30 May 1929
  • Wilfred Bennett Davidson-Houston: 30 May 1929 – 7 November 1929
  • Shenton Whitelegge Thomas: 7 November 1929 – 22 November 1932
  • Sir Hubert Winthrop Young: 22 November 1932 – 9 April 1934
  • Kenneth Lambert Hall: 9 April 1934 – 21 September 1934
  • Sir Harold Baxter Kittermaster: 21 September 1934 – 20 March 1939
  • Sir Henry C. D. Cleveland Mackenzie-Kennedy: 20 March 1939 – 8 August 1942
  • Sir Edmund Charles Smith Richards: 8 August 1942 – 27 March 1947
  • Geoffrey Francis Taylor Colby: 30 March 1948 – 10 April 1956
  • Sir Robert Perceval Armitage: 10 April 1956 – 10 April 1961
  • Sir Glyn Smallwood Jones: 10 April 1961 – 6 July 1964

External links

References

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Wikipedia

Proper noun

Singular
French Sudan

Plural
-

French Sudan

  1. A former country in Africa, now called Malawi.

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