Nye County, Nevada: Wikis

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Nye County, Nevada
Map of Nevada highlighting Nye County
Location in the state of Nevada
Map of the U.S. highlighting Nevada
Nevada's location in the U.S.
Seat Tonopah
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

18,159 sq mi (47,032 km²)
18,147 sq mi (47,001 km²)
12 sq mi (31 km²), 0.07%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

46,308
3/sq mi (1/km²)
Founded 1864
Nye County Nevada Courthouse.jpg
Nye County Courthouse in Tonopah
Website www.nyecounty.net

Nye County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2000 census, the population was 32,485. As of 2007, the population was estimated to be 46,308.[1] At 18,159 square miles (47,030 km2), Nye is the third largest county in terms of area in the United States, excluding the boroughs of Alaska. Its county seat is Tonopah.[2] The center of population of Nevada is located in Nye County, very near Yucca Mountain.[3] The largest community in Nye County is Pahrump, an unincorporated town.

The Nevada Test Site and proposed Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository are located in the southwestern part of the county and are the focus of a great deal of political and public controversy in the state. The federal government also owns 92 percent of the land in the county. This is also a controversial subject for the county and for the state.

The county features several environmentally sensitive areas, including Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, the White River Valley, several Great Basin sky islands and a portion of Death Valley National Park. Visitors to Death Valley often stay at Beatty or Amargosa Valley.

Nye County is one of 11 Nevada counties where prostitution is legal, and studies have shown prostitution to have a positive impact on the local economy.[4]

The county has no incorporated cities. The seat of government in Tonopah is 160 miles (260 km) from Pahrump, where about 86 percent of the county's population resides. Nye County is nicknamed "The Kingdom of Nye" from the radio program Coast to Coast AM, hosted by Pahrump resident Art Bell.

Contents

History

Nye County was created in 1864 and named in honor of James W. Nye, who served as the first governor of the Nevada Territory and later as a U.S. Senator from the state. The first county seat was Ione in 1864, followed by Belmont in 1867, and finally by Tonopah in 1905.

The county's first boom came in the early 20th century, when Rhyolite and Tonopah, as well as Goldfield in nearby Esmeralda County were all experiencing mining booms. In 1906, Goldfield had 30,000 residents, Tonopah had nearly 10,000 people, and Rhyolite peaked at about 10,000. All of those cities were linked by the Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad.[5]

After the boom died, Nye County withered. By 1910, the population had plummeted to about 7,500 before sinking to near 3,000 in the middle of the century.[6] It wasn't until development at the test site that the population stabilized, and dramatic growth didn't occur until the 1990s, when Pahrump became a bedroom community for Las Vegas.

From time to time, there have been discussions of moving the county seat south to Pahrump, or splitting off the southern portion of the county, but neither of these ideas appears to have sufficient support at the county or state government level.[7]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 18,159 square miles (47,031 km²). 18,147 square miles (47,000 km²) of it is land and 12 square miles (31 km²) of it (0.07%) is water.

Nye County is located in south central Nevada. Nye is the largest county in Nevada and is the third largest county in the continental United States, after San Bernardino County in California and Coconino County in Arizona. With a land area of 11,560,960 acres (46,786 km²), Nye County is larger than the combined total area of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Jersey, and Delaware. Of this vast land area, only 822,711 acres (3,329 km²), or just over seven percent of the total, is private land; the majority of the county's land is owned by the federal government. According to the United States Census Bureau the county's Census Tract 9805, with a land area of 4,225.415 square miles (10,943.7745 km²), comprising the Nevada Test Site and Nye County's portion of the Nevada Test and Training Range, is the largest census tract in the United States that has absolutely no resident population (as of the 2000 census).

Las Vegas, in Clark County, is 100 miles (160 km) southeast of Yucca Mountain. Many Pahrump residents commute 60 miles (97 km) each way to Las Vegas via Nevada State Route 160, which for much of its length is a four-lane divided highway.

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Major highways

Nye County has a long stretch of U.S. Route 95, the main road connecting the state's population center in Las Vegas with the state capital in Carson City. Beatty and Tonopah both rely heavily on through traffic to sustain their economies. As of 2006, an average of 2,000 cars daily traveled U.S. 95 near Tonopah.[8]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 32,485 people, 13,309 households, and 9,063 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 15,934 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.63% White, 1.18% Black or African American, 1.96% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.32% Pacific Islander, 2.98% from other races, and 3.15% from two or more races. 8.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2006 there were 42,693 people living in Nye County, representing a growth of 31.3% since 2000. This was slightly faster growth rate than recorded during the same period for Clark County, where Las Vegas is located.

Even as the Pahrump area grew thanks to its proximity to Las Vegas, the racial makeup of Nye County was very different from that of Clark County. Non-Hispanic whites now constitute 82.7% of the county population. African-Americans were now 1.7% of the population, which meant actual increase of the number of African Americans residing in the county was over 50%. Native Americans were only 1.8% of the population now. Asians were a full one percent of the population. Pacific Islanders were 0.5% of the population and Latinos made up 11.0% of the population.[10]

In 2000 there were 13,309 households out of which 26.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.90% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 28.50% from 45 to 64, and 18.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 105.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,024, and the median income for a family was $41,642. Males had a median income of $37,276 versus $22,394 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,962. About 7.30% of families and 10.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.10% of those under age 18 and 8.30% of those age 65 or over.

Like many rural counties of the western United States, Nye County experiences a relatively high suicide rate.[11] According to the Centers for Disease Control,[12] the annual suicide rate in Nye County averaged 28.7561 per 100,000 people during 1989–1998, the most recent period for which data is available. This was the third-highest rate amongst Nevada counties, behind White Pine (34.3058) and Lyon County (30.8917), but ahead of the overall rate of 22.96 for Nevada, which leads the nation.[13]

Settlements and unincorporated towns

Ghost towns

Road from Carrara, Nevada towards the marble quarry in the background.

Films

Notes

  1. ^ 2007 Estimates by County
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ Population and Population Centers by State: 2000
  4. ^ [1] Nevada Outpost: Prostitution pumps millions into Nevada's economy
  5. ^ Ghost Towns and History of the American West
  6. ^ Nye County, NV Population by Decades
  7. ^ [2] View Newspapers: Resident proposes new county formation
  8. ^ [3] Nevada Department of Transportation AADT report
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  10. ^ Nye County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau
  11. ^ [4]Las Vegas Review-Journal: Rural Suicide: Soaring rates puzzling
  12. ^ [5]CDC.gov
  13. ^ [6]CDC.gov

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 38°03′N 116°27′W / 38.05°N 116.45°W / 38.05; -116.45


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Nye County, Nevada
Map
File:Map of Nevada highlighting Nye County.png
Location in the state of Nevada
Map of the USA highlighting Nevada
Nevada's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1864
Seat Tonopah
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.07%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2006)
 - Density

44795
Website: www.nyecounty.net

Nye County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2000 census, the population was 32,485. In 2006 its population was estimated at 44,795. Nye is the third largest county in terms of area in the contiguous United States. Its county seat is Tonopah6. The center of population of Nevada is located in Nye County, very near Yucca Mountain [1]. The largest city in Nye County is Pahrump.

The Nevada Test Site and proposed nuclear waste repository Yucca Mountain is located in the southwestern part of the county and is the focus of a great deal of political and public controversy in the state. The U.S. federal government also owns 92% of the land in the county. This is also a controversial subject for the county and for the state.

A portion of Death Valley National Park is in Nye County, and visitors often stay at Beatty or Amargosa Valley. Ash Meadows National Wildlife Preserve is located here as well. The county has no incorporated towns.

Contents

History

Nye County was created in 1864 and named in honor of James W. Nye, who served as governor of the Nevada Territory and later as a U.S. Senator from the state. The first county seat was Ione in 1864, followed by Belmont in 1867, and finally by Tonopah in 1905. There is currently popular talk of moving the county seat south to Pahrump, and/or splitting off the southern portion of the county, but neither of these ideas appears to have sufficient support at the county or state government level.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 47,031 km² (18,159 sq mi). 47,000 km² (18,147 sq mi) of it is land and 31 km² (12 sq mi) of it (0.07%) is water.

Nye County is located in south central Nevada and is shaped, ironically given its nuclear history, somewhat like a lopsided mushroom cloud. Nye is the largest county in Nevada and is the third largest county in the continental United States, after San Bernardino County in California and Coconino County in Arizona. With a land area of 11,560,960 acres (46,786 km²), Nye County is larger than the combined total area of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Jersey, and Delaware. Of this vast land area, only 822,711 acres (3,329 km²), or just over seven percent of the total, is private land; the majority of the county's land is owned by the federal government. According to the United States Census Bureau the county's Census Tract 9805, with a land area of 10,943.7745 km² (4,225.415 sq mi), comprising the Nevada Test Site and Nye County's portion of the Nevada Test and Training Range, is the largest census tract in the United States that has absolutely no resident population (as of the 2000 census). Las Vegas, in Clark County, is 100 miles southeast of Yucca Mountain.

Major Highways

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 32,485 people, 13,309 households, and 9,063 families residing in the county. The population density was 1/km² (2/sq mi). There were 15,934 housing units at an average density of 0/km² (1/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 89.63% White, 1.18% Black or African American, 1.96% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.32% Pacific Islander, 2.98% from other races, and 3.15% from two or more races. 8.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2006 there were 42,693 people living in Nye County, representing a growth of 31.3% since 2000. This was slightly faster than Clark County, where Las Vegas is, was growing.

Even though especially the south of Nye County in and around Pahrump was receiving population influx from Las Vegas, the racial makeup of Nye County was very different than that in Clark County. Non-Hispanic whites now constituted 82.7% of the county population. African-Americans were now 1.7% of the population, which meant actual increase of the number of African Americans residing in the county was over 50%. Native Americans were only 1.8% of the population now. Asians were a full one percent of the population. Pacific Islanders were 0.5% of the population and Latinos made up 11.0% of the population.[1]

In 2000 there were 13,309 households out of which 26.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.90% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 28.50% from 45 to 64, and 18.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 105.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,024, and the median income for a family was $41,642. Males had a median income of $37,276 versus $22,394 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,962. About 7.30% of families and 10.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.10% of those under age 18 and 8.30% of those age 65 or over.

The county also suffers the country's highest per-capita suicide rate. Nevada has a suicide rate of 21.3 per 100,000 people per year, while Nye County averages about 30 per 100,000 per year.

Settlements and Unincorporated Towns

Ghost towns

Trivia

References

External links

Coordinates: 38°03′N 116°27′W / 38.05, -116.45

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Nye County, Nevada. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Nye County, NevadaRDF feed
County names Nye County, Nevada  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Nevada  +
Short name Nye County  +

This article uses material from the "Nye County, Nevada" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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